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TERMS. 

The Signal will be published weeldy, 

until alter the Presidential election in 

November, at the following rates, viz: 

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All communications to be addressed to 
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THE SIGNAL. 



WHIG NATIO?aAI. CONVENTION. 

FIRST DAY.— WE.1.VESDAY, Junk 1", 1S5-2. 
The Whig Convrnlioii for the nomination 
of President and Vic-,; President ol' llie United 
States met at Baliiinore at noon on the 16th of 
June, in pursuance of the call of the Congres- 
sional Caucus. 

The convention occupied the Hall of the 
Maryland Institute, the capacity antT gene- 
ral features of which were described in con- 
nexion with the doings of the Democratic dele- 
gates. The inconveniences experienced a fort- 
night ago suggested improvements in some por- 
tion of the arrangements, and the Whig Manag- 
ing Committee turned them to account. T'le 
most complete order pervaded every department 
on Wednesday morning. There was a crowd to 
encounter in passing through the avenues to the 
hall, but, having entered, every thing was 
comparatively smooth. The platform for the 
delegates occupied the centre of the hall, and 
on the western side was a slight elevatiim for 
the accommodation of the president, vice presi- 
dents, secretaries, and representatives of ftie 
press — who, by the bye, owe many thanks for 
the attention that was paid to their conve- 
nience and comfort. The body of the dele- 
gates occupied ranges of settees, rising by regu- 
lar gradations -from west to east. Tiie.y were 
designed to accommodate upwards of six hun- 
dred persons, and it is believed that nearly that 
number were present. At either end of the 
platform seals were provided for an immense 
bod}' of spectators ; while, for the accommoda- 
liqn of ladies, galleries had been constructed, 
ranging on all sides of the hall. 

The decorations were adjusted on a lai^^ 
scale, and with much taste, by Messrs. Gibbs 
and Smith. Over the seat of the President 
were portraits of Washikuton and Clay — a 
large eagle was placed a little lower, and in its 
vicinity the well-known mottoes of the party 
were displayed in prominent characters: "The 
union of the Whigs for the sake of the Union," 
and "Liberty and Union, now and forever, one 
and inseparable." On the wall opposite to the 
chair was another full-length portrait of Mr. 
Clay, painted by Mr. Woodward, of Balti- 
more. Draperies were atfixed to the walls, 
and hung in festoons from the galleries; and 
here and there, at convenient distances, were 
"the stars and stripes." 

On motion of Simeon Draper, ofiSew York, 
the Hon. George Evans, of Maine, was ap 
pointed temporary cliairman, and on taking the 
chair delivered the following address: . 

"GENTI.EMES: I beg- leave to return my grateful- 
and respectful ackuowiedg-ments to this conveii- 
lion for tlie Unnor which I have just received, at 
your hands, in being called to preside for a brief 
space over your proceedings. 

1 lillle experienced in the business of the 
nd shall have great occasion to rely upon 
your forbearance and iuduigence. 
"AUow me to express the hope thatlbe spirit of 



■'*? 



order and decorum, harmony, conciliation nml 
union inny prevail [erica of 'Good, cood,'] so Ihai 
when we shall have completed our lobors and ad- 
journed, we shall present an unbroken front, am) 
rear a signal standard around which all Wliip-j 
can rMy, with a hope of success, in the per 
ccntf.t. [Applauee.] 

"Ill relurning my thanks, I accept the station 
Gc/iUi-nien, the first business to be performed ii 
the appoiutnient of a temporary secretary." 

On motion of Mr. Lucas, of Alabama, Mr. Up 
ton, of Louisiana, was I hen appointed sicrcitiry 
and James W. Bryen, of North Carolina, a.-i,t.,.i 

Mr. Urodhead, of Missouri, offered a ; 
that a cuminiltee of one from each del. _ ;. .. , , 
appointed (o present permanent oiBcfrs .u. .i, . 
cunv. ir.ion, which v.'as amended, on molimi uf W'. 
Coonilid. by adding, "and that each delegation Be 
lect (lie ineiuber to be appointed." 

'■"g g'-ntl'^nien were named upon the 



the States bein 



lied 



; W. P. Fes^c ndcn. 

lampshii-e Ichabod Goodwin. 

int H.Bradley. 

chusetis Rofos Choate. 

Island Robert H. Ivls. 

clicut D. B. Tyler. 

^ork A. P. Granirer. 



N, w J( 






. W. L. Da 



J ess I 



Maryland 

Vir/inia 

North Carolina 
South Carolina 

G-'g'^- 

Alabama 

Mississippi.. .'. 

Louitianii 

Ohio 

Kentucky 



John M.Clay 

VV. 1!. Clarke. 

John Januey. 

Henry W. Miller. 

George S. nryao. 

Patrick B.Coniiollv. 

...... C. C.Langdon. ' 

.....'.B; Starke. 

Joseph Barnard. 

Chas. Anderson. 

:_ ...Joshua i\ iJell. 

John Netherlaud, 

Indiana* ...VV. G. Ewing. ' ■ 

IlHi-.oisfcT E. B. Washburn. 

Missouri GcorgeC. Bingham. 

■Arkansas Thos.^. James. 

Michigan David Smart. 

Floiida E. C. Cabell. 

Texas James Ricliey. 

Iowa D. W. Kilbourn. 

Wisconsin Alexander L. Collins. 

California Jesse O. Goodwin. 

Tb^ nominations of the respective gentlemen 
v^ere followed by loud applause, in which tlie gal- 
leries heartily joined. 

Governor Jones, of Tennessee, moved that a 
committee of one from each State be appointed <u 
examine the credentials of delegates, and report 
at the next meeting the names of these entitled tu 
seats; which motion was adopted, with but one 
dissenting Voice. 

The fuUowing gentlemen were appointed by the 
several delegations to compose the committee : 

Maine William H. Mills. 

New Hampshire George W. Nesinith. 

Vermont Isaac S. Wright. 

Massachusetts Linus Child. 

Rhode Island George D. Cross. 

Connecticut George M. Ives. 

New York lohn Q Talcott. 

New Jersey Peter Bredenhurg . 

Pennsylvania John F. Kunkle. 

Delaware Caleb S. Lay ton . 

Maryland ^George C. Mor 

Virginia Samuel Watts." 

North Carolina Daniel B. Baker. 

South Carolina Wilham Patton. 

(Georgia William B I<'lcming. 

Alabama Benjamin Gardner, 



organ 



THE SIGNAL, 



Mississippi Alexnr,iI.T H. Arthur. 

Ixiuiiiana Joel B. Scvifr. 

O:iio Gforg-,- H. Wage. 

KenlucUy N. E. Gray. 

Tinnesaee Edwin Cooper. 

Indian.1 Robert N. Hudson. 

Illinois B.S. Eiwanig. 

Missouri Junes O Hrodlicad. 

Ark^insas VVilli.ini K. Gained. 

IWiclii?an Ilr-nry K. Willinn;E. 

l.'iorid.i J.iincs F. ii-fUer 

Tcx-.s S. S. Nichols. 

Jowa G'-orerc ai. Nishtingale. 

Wicconein WiUraia, W. Brown. 

California. J H. Clay Mucld. 

AftcrPcnnsylvaniawascalled.Kon.E. C.Cabell, 
of Florida, moved that the committee to name and 
reptJrl permanent otiiccrs fur the covei^tion have 

the eitdng of the convention; winch motion was 
ajjrecd to, and the committee left the hall. 

When the solcclion of the CoiQinif.ee on Credcn- 
tiala was completed, an sdjournment till 6 o'clocli 



cok 



JSvening Stasian. 



alls, of Virgi 
lis had made 
13, but were n 
ay, of Ohio, a 



t yet read; 
id the con 



the committee. The report wa3 th< 

ProUlcvt. 
cneral John G. Chai-.man, o 

yicc Freaidcnts. 
line Nathan D. 



Maesichug 
Rhode lain I 
Connrclici: 
Ncw York 
New Jerec; 
Pcnnsylva' 
Delaware . 
Maryland 



. ..S 



North Carolina. 
South {'arolina. 

Georgia 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Louisiana 

Ohio Kami 

Kentucky John 

Tennessee W. I 

Indiana Milti 

Jlliuoi.. Benji 

Missouri ("hn 

Arkansas Will 

Michigan ' ~ 



George W. Netmith. 
Carlos Coolidge. 

Selh Sprague. 
.Robert 15. Craneton. 
•1 D. Hiibliard. 
d P. C.wks. 

Ji-.incsSinart. 

John Strohm. 

Caleb S. Layton. 

Francis F. Phelps. 

William L. Goggin. 

Aug. H. Shtppard. 

William Whaley. 

Ssalon Grantland. 

Thoitiaa J. Tr..w. 

Joseph B. Cobb. 

J.C. Van Winkle. 



the qualifications whu 
an assembly should pi 
However, gentlemei 
discharge ' 



presiding oiBccr of s 



el F. Vinton. 
S. Williams. 
. Snerd. 
n SMpp. 



Flor 



vas read as foll( 






the Electoral Collet 



e ordered, the 
of Uepresenta- 
Me, be adopted 
;;, and on the 
■,e, the vote be 
.111 each State 



and 



oto fol 



re here unaljlo to de- 
te. [Loud appliusc ] 

Curried by a decided 



Soma discu 
(Fla,)Gove 
(Va.,, inreg 



took place betwci 
Jone.«, (1 

lo pru.'eed 



:ieiwcon nir. Vvaopii, 
in.,) andjir Botl.s, 
•: li.rihcriefore the 
.! . le.lenfials; but 



Connecticut. 



others do. Wi 

hnnoriible gen 



greed on a highminded and 
lilT-ring with me, perhaps, 
nominee of the Whig party, 
.onfidence iu him as a pre- 



dred and eign 
tor, and long 
majority in f. 



dutyass-.gnci; 
on taking tie 
plause and cl 



dwards. 
Miller. 

Wiliiaiii H Gaines. 

James M. Edwards. 

Joseph M. Hernandez. 

J. A. N. Murray. 

Archibild McKinney. 

... Jonathan E.Arnold. 

..' Richard VV. Heath. 

&t:cr^aries. 

R. A. Upton. 

James VV. Bryan. 

S.M.Ballard. 

W. Frank Stewart. 

Schuyler Colfax. 

John C. Kunkle. 

W. C. Worthington. 

N. S. Perkins. 

Geo ge W. Meeker. 

William Thompson. 

George W. Dunlop. 

Justin Morrell. 

George H.Fisher. 



to 



ote, 



I Clayton, and 
uct the Prest- 
1 performed the 
. G Chapman, 



lave conferred 
r the dclibera- 
, and patiiutic 



ring the disposition to 
single eye to the preser- 
of all the riehls and interests of this broad 
nation ; with a einglc eye to protect the honor, in- 
terests, and happiuesa of this people, living under 
a Constitution of which we proudly boast— adopted 
by those men who perilled their lives ai:d shec| 
their blood to establish the happy Government un- 
der which we live. I bring tliis disposition to tho 
chair, and I mean to discharge ray duty without 
fear..,rfaTOr. 

Gentlemen, we meet here as brothers. I know 
no sectional feeling. I know no North or South, 
East or West. [Applau.-c.] I know but the couh- 
try, its interests and happiness, as identilied with 
the great Whig party of the country. I believe 
that on the maintenance of Whig principles dc- 
oends the honor and happiness of the people at 
home, and our indspendencc and elevated charac- 
ter abroad, and throughout the v7orld. 

Wc i;!cet here as brothers from the North, East, 
South, and West. Let kindness, harmony, and 
peace characterize our proceedings as they should 
the Whig party, t!i8 great conservative party of the 
country. 

1 do pray, and I invoke you, as the conservative 
party of the country, to meet and unite here in our 
deliberations, cntertjiining the same feelings as I 
do— those feelings of harmony and kindness which 
1 think have heretofore characterized the action of 
the Whi^ party. I invoke you, gentlemen, to look 
to the great interests involved in the cloclion, and 
connected with the success of the candidate whom 
ytjif may present for the suffrage of the Whigs of 
th? Union I invoke you to meet here in that spirit 
and discharge our duties as become Whigs and 
brethren, having but one common purpose to sub- 
Gentlemen, we may differ as to men, but we do 
not differ as to principles. Our purpose is to carry 
out the principles of the Whig party, and those 
principles which, when administered under Whig 
rule, have so materially contributed to place this 
country in the proud position which it now holds 
among the nations of the earth. We have no per- 
sonal preferences to subserve. I myself know no 
man or men in the discharge of duty. I look 
singly and solely to the welfare of the country and 
the prosperity and happiness of tho people who 
live under the happy lorm of government which 
lor us by men who were at least 
tic as we are. Sirs, with the Union 
and the Cun'ttitution, and with the policy which is 
known to be identified with the whole Whig party, 
I have no doubts about the success of the nominee 
whom we may present to the party thioughout the 
Union. [Applause.] 

If we agree as we should, and come together in 

a spirit of harmony, determined to sustain those 

nrineioles, I have no doubt our candidales'wiU be 

t^lecled almost by aeel.matinn. [Apph.ose.] 

II wc have any eeenoiial leehr.igs let uo bury_ 

the entire country, from tlic St. Lawrence to the 
Gulf of Mexico, and from the Atlantic to tho 
Parific. 

Gentlemen, I again beg leave to tender my ac- 
knowledgments lor the distinguished honor which 
you hav.j conferred upon me; and I a,<k you to 

our deliberations may lead to asuccessful termina- 
tion, and I undertake to say that the country will 
prosper hereafter under a Whig administration. 
[Applause.] 

The vice presidents then took their seats on the 
pl.Ttform 

The Rev. Thomr.s H. Stockton then delivered an 
approoriate prayer, in which he allectionately al 
lueiedto tho Hon. Henry Clay. 

The convention then adjourned till noon on the 
following day. 



has been 



) 3h.all b. 
yet I have unlim 
eitling oliicer. 

There is weight in the ? 
man from Tennessee. (.\Ii. Joi;e;.> tha: la to ^nv. 

the question of ov^-:. I,;,- .11. ri i . : . i:i (,,.'.; 

the credentials a!.^. ; I, . . 1 , . .. i 

not now be made l_; . :',i ;, i;i n m .y .: .- . i liy" 
upon the table, and tliere it ^ImuUl li- till n us ;is- 
certaiiied who are the meintiera of the conven- 
tion After that it can be taken up, and we can 
proceed to action. At all events, I 'shall now prO' 
ceed to riiicharga the duty incumb.-int upon me, 
Smd make tho report by the unanimous order of 



ve meet here as Whigs; we me 
rs. [Applause.] We meet he 

un r.!.iert-\\ ill) l.ut one nui pose 



m proud to call my pcrsjnal friend and pout 
ither. [Apphuse.] 

ientlenr:n, I fei 1 that I possess but sume H 
-liamentary experience, and that I bring to 
charge of the duties of the position but few 



ed by Air. Heei.,. -.vas adopted; 
i "Re^vlvcd, Tiial on every vote on which a div 
sionsh-Ube ordered, each State •'-" ' "'' 



THE SIGNAL. 



rulca of the Hiiii-ifj of Repre»entalivcs be ad^pl 
as the rules of thia conveation, eo far;aa the sa: 
mayl»e applicable." 

Mr. Dmicau, of I^ouialaca, inoveil the folio 



"Resolocd, That a ooininittce, to consist of one 
ineml'er from each .State in the Union represented 
in this Convention, be appointed, whose duly it 
shall he to draft a series of re3oIutions exprrasivc 
of ihs senti.nenU of the VVhiffs of the Union on the 
g-re:it doctrines cherished bj Iheni— or otherwise, a 
platform of principles to bo maintained by the 
Wbiffsinthe 

That (Be members 
be s< le.i-ted by the delegates from each Siate, 
each State represented appointing its own ineiii- 
ber, and the committee to appoint its own chair- 

"Resoliied, That this convention will not pro- 
ceetl to ballot for, or otherwise nominate a candi- 
date for Preeiilont or Vice President, until said 
coinmitlco ehall h.ive reported, and this conven- 
tion shjU have tsken fi.ial action on said report." 

The coneideration of these reeolutions at this 
stage was opposed by Mr. Van Trii.mp (Ohio) and 
others, and urged by Mr. Duncan and olhcre. 
Finally, under the operation of the previous quee 
tion, t'c first resolution was adopted, by yeas 199. 
n.tji97. ■' 

A deletrate from Ohio said the dciegalion was 
divid.d, thrre being- ten yeas and tiiirtecn rays; 
but subsequently the full vote was given in the ne- 
gative 

Mr. Healy, of Ohio, said he ebould lilie to enter 
his Vote the oUiar way. 

Messrs. Campbell, Ouke, and Vail, of New York, 
wishtd lo be, entered in the affirmative; the first 
named g-enlleinan saying there were four or five 
more in a similar position. 

Mr. Hermann, of Virginia, wished to have his 
name entered no. 

The President thought (hat any gentleman 
might have his name recorded (he way he voted, 
but this could not affect the vote one way or thi; 

-"-'■ "■ '■>- = — '--ing been adopted. 

the vote be reconsidered 
and that that motion bo laid upon the tabic; which 

The question then recurred on the adoption of 
the sucond resolution, naoacly: 

"I'hat the m.cmbors of said commiitee bo select- 
ed by the delegates from each Slate, each State 
appointing ila own member, and the committee to 
appoint its own chairman." 

Mr. Jfssup, of Pennsylvania, said that as the 
business is to be transacted by the commiitee it 
was an act of justice lo Ihclarge States that Ih'ev 
should hav 



Mr. Holts moved lb 



proper represen 



that Ihey 



itiilKe. He therefore moved an amendment, as 

"And that in said committee each member be 
authorized to cast the number of votes to which 
such State is entitled in the electoral college." 

The vole was taken on the adoption of the 
amendment of Mr. Jessup, and it was declared 
adopted, by yeas 149, nays H4. 

Mr. Ewing, of Kentucky, proposed to amend the 
resolution under consideration, as follows: 

■Iie$oh,d, That the 



, , , . Ji constituted of 

one delegate from each State, selected by the dele- 
gates Iroin each State." 

He said it differed f.om the original resolution In 
this-il made no reference to ihe chairman t. be 
appointed. He liwkcd upon this as the most im- 
portant vote to be (aken. If we could vote through 
our representatives in committee, as we V!;te Ev 
districts, the vast and ovcrwiielinin"- strength of 
Pennsylvania, New York, and Ohio,niight in some 
measure be counteracted. But it is a species of 
tyranny to allow a bare mi»jorily to cast the 35 
votes ot New York, and the -27 of Pennsylvania 
on th.; one side or the other; thus overwhelming a 
haltduEcn of other Stales unanimous in their sen- 
timents. 

Mr. Dickinson, of New Yorlt, said that the 
amendment of Mr. Jessup involved an impor 
tant qucsiion, and by adopting it every delegate 
has weight. He trusted the amendment of Mr. 
Eiviag would be voted down. 

Mr. Morion, of Florida, said there could bo no 
harmonious aclion unlil the Committee on Credeu 



shall make the 



eport and Ihe 



act upon it. For the purpose of giving to the 
commitlee time for delihernlion, he moved that 
the conveniion adjourn u^itil tomorrow at eleven 
o'clock. 

The motion was negatived; ar.d then, at two 
o'clock, an adjournment until si.\ o'clock look place. 



Eocrdng Srssion, 
The session was occupied with debate on the 
eubstitule offered by Mr. Ewing for Ihe second re 
solution of Mr. Duncan, as irivcn in iIm' finn-^r 
proceedings, and which i.L./ni;,'.i !,..: i , i ,i 
amended by Mr. Jos.iup. M . J ,' ■ i r 
jcsticc of his proposition, v.!; i , 

Mr. R. Slanard (Va.) and i: : . W . r I).; ., r„ 
(Ga.) as oppressive and unfair to (he c^outh. In 
the continued absence of the leport, on creden- 
tial?, an adjournment look place until the lollow- 



THIRD DAY.-FuiDAY, June IS. 
Morning Sfssion. 

The convention was called loorder at ten o'clock, 
and opened with prayer by the Rsv.JHr. Hanuicr, 
of this city. 

Ttic President staled that tiio qu'-stion bef-i 
Ihe body, as p.»nding when Ihe convention :. ! 
journed last night, was the following ?ubstitu:r 
to the second resolution of Mr. Duncan, (hereto 
fore published,) which hud been amended on mo- 
tion of Mr. Jessup, and which substitute of Mr. 
Ewing is as follows: 

"/ic.<!c.'Dcd, That the commiitee shall consist of 
one delegate Irom each Slate selected by the dele- 
gates of each State." 

This referred to the appointment of a committee 
as provided for in the first resolution of Mr. Dun- 
can adopted yesterday, whose duty it shall lie to 
draft a siries of resolutions cxprefsivo of the sen 
timentsofthe Whigs of the Union and the great 
doctrines cherished by them; or otherwise-, a pl-:it- 
form of principles to be maintaiatd by the Whigij 
in the coming compaign. 

Mr Jessup rose to ask leave lo withdraw tiiO 
amendriient v;hich he offered lo Mr. Ewing's sub 
stitule, proposing that each nicmbrr of said Com- 

.Stalc he represents is cntilleito in Ihe Electoral 
College. Ha said, I do this fur several brief rea- 
sone, which I will state to the convention. The 
amendment was cffcred wilh the desire, and with 
Ihe impression, and a deep and abiding trust, that 
it would, if adopted, promote harmony, and con- 
ciliate the good leelingof all in this convention. 1 
nm constrained to say thai I have been led lo the 
discovery that the object I desired to promote, and 
the object of those who voted for it originally, would 
not seem to be accomplished by insisting on the 
amendment. Ry leave of the convention, 1 desire 
to withdraw the amendment. 

To Ihis there was no objection; and the question 
recurred on the eubstilule ot Mr. Ewing for the 
second resolution of Mr. Duncan. 

It was agreed to; and the resolution thus amend- 
ed was adopted. 

The Chair then announced that Ihe Commitlee 
on Resolutions would now be chosen; and a motion 
that the convention proceed lo the election ol said 
commiitee was agreed lo. 

The several delegations were then called, and 
the following persons were named lo compose the 
commiitee: 

Maine Win. P. F,-ssenden. 

New Hampshire Thum.iR M. Edwards. 

Vermont Carlos Coolldge. 

, M.'.s3achU8i tts George Adimun. 

I Rhode Island Cyrus Harris. 

I Connecticut A. G. H..z.ird. 

' New York A.B.Dickinson. 

New Jersey W. L. Dayto.i. 

Pennsylvania Wm. F.Johnston. 

Delaware John ?■>. Clayton. 

Maryland Wm. JB Clarke. 

Virginia Robert E .Scott. 

North Carolina: iNath'l Boyd..n. 

South Carolina Giorj^e S Bryan. 

Georgia VV. C. Dawson. 

Alabama C. <;. Langdon. 

Mississippi A. D. B. -ad lord. 

Louisiana P. B. Duncan. 

Ohio J. A Uirris. 

Kentucky Orlando Brown. 

Tennessee F. K Zollic,,ff.;r. 

Iniliana JohnS. Newman. 

Illinois D H.Baker. 

Missouri A. B. Chambers. 

Arkansas Thomas S. Janies. 

Michigan George E. Pomiroy. 

Florida William G. M. Davis 

Texas J. B. Ashe. 

Iowa S. M. Ballard. 

Wisconein Alex. Spaulding. 

California W. Frank Stewart. 

Beverly S. Allen, of Tennessee, Paid he was in 
struotcd to present Ihe resolutions adopted by the 
Boulhcrn delegates, and moved they be rctcncd tj 



iltuo on Resolutions. They were not 

any particular form of resolutions, and 

ni ilmt Ihny should go to the committee. 

I..-' orilini'lv referred. 

' 1 ATcfftrcd by Mr. E. Ward, 

i . ..Ill ,) Mr. Morton. (Fla.,) 

Mr. Babcock, (N. Y.,) Mr. 

.) 1 :< Ml rk, (Ky.,> and General 

iun offered by Mr. Davis (Fla ) was 
was a substitute offered by Mr. 



(Va.) 

. Walls, cf V 
1 Credentn: 



■ Ihc co'nvcniion that" the 
be allowed to lake seats in 
ndation I hops 



I copy of the cominiiteo 



Tiio iollow 
port: 

The Committee on Credentials, lo whom the ques- 
tion was submitted to hoar proof, examine and 
report as lo wh) arc the duly accredited del^'gates 
from the several States of the American Union 
to the National Whig Convention, beg leave to 
make the following report; 

TiJit the following gentlemen compose the del- 
rgaii JO from the State of 

MAINE. 
For Vie State a! La,-ge. 
George Evans, Win P. Fessenden. 

Districts. 
1. Nathan. D. Appletoii 4. D.ivid U Mai'oun 
•i. Willinm Singer 6. William H. Mills 

.3. JjiinTrask, jr. JamesS. Pike. 

NKW HAMPSHIRE. 
For Ihe State at Large. 
Hon. Thos.M. Edwards, Hon. I.;habod Good-'.nii. 
Districts. 

1. George Wasleigh 3. Aaron F. Stevens 

2. George W. Iscimilh 4. John S. Walker. 

ViCRMONT. 
For the Slate at I.-.rge. 
Henry Bradley, Juilin S. Morrill. 

Districts. 
1. Isaac T. Wright 3. William N,.sh 

,2. Carlos Coolidge 4. Hczei;iah H Reed. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 
For ihe State at Large. 
George Ashmun, S Ih Spra-'ue. 

i Franklin Haven. 

Districts. 

1. R.ufus Choale C. Edward Di.-kenson 

2. Otis P. Lord 7. Henry L. Dawes 

3. Linus Child 7. Wm. D.Swan 

4; Lolhcr V. Bell 9. Wm. A Crocker 

! 5. Ira M. Barton 10. Daniel Fisher, 

RHODE ISLAND. 
For the Stale at Large. 
i P.obcrt H. Ives, esq. George D. Cross 

Dixiriels. 

I. Hon. Byrori Diinon 2. Ho;i. R. B. Cranalon 
I CONNECTICUT. 

I For the State at Large. 

j Col. A. G. Hazard, Daniel P. Tyler. 

Disti ids. 
j 1. Geo M. Ivps 3. N. Shaw Perkins 

[2. Samuel D. Hubbard 4 E. Grove Lawrence. 

NEW YORK. 
i For the State at Large. 

, Simeon Draper, John L. Tallcot. 

Districts. 

\- J!";!7 V'} ^^- ^Vm. McCami.s 

2. K. W. Fiske 19. Win. Coinstock 

' 3- James W. Beekman 20. P. V. Kelloo-^ 

4. James B. Taylor 21. George J. J Barber 

' ?■ \v cJ ,?*,'''^ ^"- ^""'y ^ Rayi'iond 

6. W^S.^Duko Jacob Richardson 

: 7. R.G.Campbell 23. Wm. L- Eiton 

8. M^sesH.Grinnell 24 Amos P. Granger 

9. T. H Benedict 25. A. U. Williams 
; 10. Charles B. Roosa 26. Wm. Knox 

II. Jjcob Hardenbiirg 27. Charles R, liarslow 

J-..s.pli S. Smith as. A. B. Dickinson 
■ !?■ •? f,- S;"'", '^^ Freeman Clarke 

U. J U. Whipple 30. A ij. Thompson 

I 14 Lewis Benedict 31. Albert L Bennett 

15 Edward Dodd 32 George !t. Babcock 

'16. AmasaO. Moore 33 D. E Sill. 

17. Harvey Doi/littla 



THE SIGN A 



NEW JERSEY. 
For the Slate at Large. 
Hon. Wm. L. Dayton, Jimca G. King. 
Districts 

1. Thos. H. Whitney 4. Wiliiam N. Wood 

2. Peter Vredenburgh 5. F. T Frelingliujscn. 

3. Jamce Stewart 

DELAWARE. 
For Uie Stale at Large. 
Hon. Jolin M. Clayton, George 1*. I'iahcr, esq , 
Hon. C. S. Layton. 
PENNSYLVANIA. 
For the State at Large. 
William P. Johnston, John C. Kui.kel, 
aiorton McMichiicl. 
" Districts. 
1. Jacob Lancaster 14. James Fox 

■2. laaacHazlehurst 15 Bunj. U iMasscr 

3 Benjamin F. Uiown 16. Jii=i ph D. Simpson 

4. John H. Bringhurat 17 A. P. Jacobs 
5 Joaliua D. Eyre 18. John K. Edie 

6. Geo. H. Michemer 19. Samuel L. Ruaaell 

7. Wash. Townsend 20. John H. Ewing 

5. John Sliohm '21. C. O. Looniia 

9. David E Stout R. M. McKnight 

10. F. U. Penuunan 22. John S King 

11. Joshua W. Cowley 23. Ehjah Babbitt 

12. Willinm Jcssup 24. John Patlon. 

13. D. A. Mackie 

MARYLAND. 
For the State at Large. 
James A. Pearcc, John G. Chapman. 

Districts. 

1. George C. Morgan 4. J. Hanson Thomas 

2. William B. Claike 5. George Vickera 

3. A. C. Patterbon 6. F. Z Phelpa. 

VIRGINIA. 
Districts. 
1 Samuel Walts, Jno. 9. John Janney, Wm 
Petty, Dr. AS. H. 11 Fowle, Robert 

Burgees E. Scott 

•2 Jno.vV.Syme.Wm. 10. John F. Wall, Wil- 
S. Archer, E. G. liam C. Worihing- 

Booth ton, David Gibson 

3. V. Wicther, Thos. 11. John D. Iinboden, 

S. Flouriioy, Peicr William Seymour 

Sanders, jr. Samuel McDowell 

4. Charles L. Mosby, Moore 

John Hill, George 12. A. T. Caperton, W. 
Stillraan U- Preston, Ever- 

5. William T Early, inont Ward 

Hon Wm. L.Gog- 13. Thomas L. Preston, 
<^in. Dr. U. Terrill John F. McEihen- 

6. John M. Uotts, Hoi- ny, Juhn A. Camp 

den Rhodes, Uo- bill 

bert C. Sianard 14. Win. P. Rathbone, 

7. Geo. T. Yerby, Hill bpicer Patrick. Da 

Carter, R. Sauii- nd S. Pinncll 

dcra 15. S ileermans.C. VV. 

8. Richard F. Darra- Ui^eslII, Edgar C. 

cutt.G. W. Lewis, Wilson. 

W. D. Grcshara 

NURTH CAROLINA. 

For the Slate at Laige. 

Augustine H. Shepperd, Henry \V. Miller. 

Diitiicls. 

1. Burgess S. Gaither, 7. William B. Wright, 
Balua M. Edney, Jas. CharUs A.Harrison, 
W. Patton, George Daniel li. Baker. Asa 
Logan A. Biovvh, James 

2. Natl,anielBoyden,C. Banks, Andrew J. 
A Parks Joues 

3. Charles Chalmers, J. 8. Churchwell Perkins, 
A. Young B.G.Albritton.Fred- 

4. Charles E Shober.Al- erick Griat, Richard 
fredG Foster Williuma. W. Dunn, 

6. John R Hcrndon. T. jr., F. B. Salter- 

McGhee, Mun'.ford iliwaite, Jamea V.'. 

McGhee, Thoinaa A. Bryan, Junius B. 

Donoho, Joseph J. Whitaker, J. Wright. 

Davis, James T. Lit- 

tlejohn 9. RufusK Speed,Wm. 

6. George W.Haywood, J. Baker, Samuel B. 

John D. Hyman, Na- Spruill, L. Thomp- 

thaniel T. Green, Jo- son. 

Bcp W. Evans 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
For tlu State at Large. 
Hon. WaddyTboirrpion. DrSam'lIIenry Dickson. 
William Gregg, Tristaoi Tupper. 

Districts. 
1. Thomas J. Kerr Wiliam Whaley 

2 OcO'geS Bryan 6 R. K. Piyne 

3. William Patton 7. H. H. Williams. 

4. George W. Brown 



GEORGIA. 

For the State at Large. 
SeatonGrantland, William C. Da 

Districts. 
W. K. Fleming A. H. Stokca 

Joseph S. Fay R. Reneau 

R. Bradley John H Brown 

W. H. Uubinson M. J. Kenan 

H.G Cole Miller Grieve. 

P. B. Connelly 



ALVB.iMA. 



Large 



Gol< 



ilh. 



J. DoniKf 



Districts. 

1. J. M. Strannard, Pollard, B. W.Walk- 
J. Darington, C. C. er. Benjamin Gard- 
Langdon.C. C. Hall. iicr 

Charles Le Baron. B. 3. 'J'homas J. Frow 
U. Brcdin 4. J. Litlle Smith 

2. Abncr McGchcc, El- 5. J. M. Swope, R. E. 
bertA. Holt, William Bell 

;.G. Farley, Willbim 6. Samuel Pcato. 
;_H. Lucas, liaac W. 

MISSISSIPPI. 
For the State at Large. 
Gen. Alex. B. Bradford, Gen. P. B. Starke. 

Districts. 
1 Col. Thos. Frceland 10. Col. Joseph B. Cobb 

2. J. S. Verger 11 B. G. Kiger 

3. Giles li. Hillycr 12. Edward ivl. Verger 

4. Alex. H. Arthur 13. 11. E. Williamson 

5. Charles Clarke U. Jamea Archer 

6. D. W. Adams 15. Joseph Block 
7 J. B. Ashe It). Btnj. Johnson 

8. John Murdock 17. J G. Morey 

9. Gen. William Vick 18. J. D. Ware. 

LOUISIANA. 
DistricU. 

1. Hon. J. G Sevier 13. R F. McGuire 

2. Hon. John Moore 14. J. M. Burrows 

3. Hon. J. A. Landry 15. G. W. Jonts 

4. Col. F A. Luilisden 16. G B. Duncan 

5. Col. 1'. G. Hunt 17. J. E. Calwell 

6. Major H. J Ranney IS. D. A. Watteistan- 

7. J L. Sheale 19. J. L. Salterfield 

8. D S. Bryan 20. General liarnard 
y. J S. Holden 21. W. M. Gooduch 

10. D. D. Richardson 22. Alex. C. Bullett 

11. R. A. Upton 23. Judge Th.'s Curry. 

12. J. C. Vanwinckle 

OHIO. 
For the State at Large. 
Samuel F. Vinton, John Sherman. 

Districts. 

1. Charles Anderson 12. John Welch 

2. W.H. P. Denney 13. Will. E. Finck 

3. M. B. Chadwick 14. D. li. Lyman 

4. Rodney Mason 15. D. D. T. t.'owin 

5. George B. Way 16. Levi Sargcant 

6. William H. Gibson 17. A. L. Brewer 

7. J.H. Thompson IS. Cyi us Spink 

8. S.W.Ely 19. Cyrus Pienlls 

9. P. VanTiomp 20. J. A. Harris 

lu. Samuel Galloway 21. W. F. Lockwcud. 

II. A. B Norton 

KENTUCKY. 
For the State at Large. 
Gen. Leslie Combs, John S. VVilliauia, 

Joshua F. Bell, N E. Grey. 

Districts. 

1. L. M. Flournoy, Ira 5. John B. Thompson. 

Ellis J.hn Koult, Saiiiu. 



ulfa. 



1. C. J Battcll 

2. N. McDonald 

3. Milton Stapp 

4. S. P Tuncy 

5. J S. Newman 
C. J. D. Defreea 



INDIANA. 

For the State at Lar 

s, Schuyle 

Districts. 

7. R N. Hudson 
b W. K. Rochester 
9. James W. Dunn 

10. William G. Ewii 

11. George K. Steele 



ILLINOIS. 
For the Stale at Large. 
B. S. Edwards, E. B. VVushhurn, 

David J. Baker, George W. Meeker. 

Districts. 

1. B. F. Wingatc 5. George C. Bester 

2. Williamson Ploul 6. Nathaniel Belcher 

3. Wm T. Smith 7. William Jayne. 

4. John C. Champlin 

MISSOURI. 
Districts. 

1. James O. Brodhead 6. S. H. Kimmcl 

2. James T. Rollins 7. John R Brown 

3. Abnl Leonard 8 Geo. C. Bingham 

4. John E. Barr 9. Col. Filton. 

5. A. B. Chambers 

ARKANSAS. 

For the State at Large. 

W. II Gaines, Gen. Thos. S. James. 

Districts. 

1. S. II. Tucker 2. Gen. Thos. S. Jamea. 

MICHIGAN. 

For the Stale at Large. 

David Smart, Uezekiah G. Welis. 

Districts. 

1. Geo. Pomeroy 3. Wm. M. Thompson 

2. James M. Edmonds 4. Henry R. Williams. 

FLORIDA. 
For the Stale at Large. 
Hon. J. Morton. Hon. E. C. Cabell. 

Districts. 
J. M. Hernandez, G, W. Call, 

John Scott, B. F. Allen, 

James M. Baker, VV. G. M Davis, 

D. W. Whitehurst, James Baker, 

D. J. Day, Joseph Foray th. 

G. T. Ward, 

TEXAS. 
For the Stale at Large. 
Hon. J. B. .\she. Col. James Riley. 

Delegates. 

1. J. A. N. Murray 2. S. S. Nichols. 

IOWA. 

For the Slate at Large. 

D. W. Kilbourn Archibald McKinncy. 

Districts. 

1. S. M. Ballard 2. Geo. L. Nightingale. 

WISCONSIN. 

For the State at Large. 

J. E. Arnold A. P. Collins. 

Districts. 

1. W. W. Brown 3 Alexander Spalding. 

2. W. A. Lawrence 

CALIFORNIA. 
For the State at Large. 
Wm. Frank Stewart, Jesse O. Goodwin, 

Districts. 
1. J. I!. C. Mudd 2. R. W. Heath. 

'llu- rciiortuf I 



2. John P. Campbell, F. Carpenter 


- :,,..ni. and from the 3d dia- 


E. Walker li. G-.-org.; VV. DunK. 


...I]. L. Shardlow; from the 


3. David King, F. L. Davio Irwine 


,. , ; liMoi the lUli. Jos. S.Smith: 


Bransiord, Presly 7. J. M. Bullock, E. D. 


lr„;ii the 2iih,i_has. took; and Irom the 31at dia- 


Ewing llobba, G. Spratt, 


tnct of thai Siate, A. Hyde Cole, are entitled to the 


Gibson Mallouy, J. 


contested seats. 


4. A. S. McGrorly R. Hamilion 


A vote was taken on Mr. Cabell's demand for 


TENNESSEE. 


the previous question on a motion to adopt the re- 


For the State at Large. 


port— ayes 164. nays 117: 
So the demand for the previous question was se. 


Hon. James C. Jun.ia, CI. John N. thcrland, 


conded. 


Hon. William Collum., Gen. F. K. Z..I;icoirer, 
ilun. A. G. Watkins. Col. W. H Sn.ed, 


The q'li .-(inn was (!ilii put on the adoption of the 
clfred."" ' "■il!''';mnnl"n-c"°' ''"'' '^^' 


Hon C.H. Williams, Col J. H. Scuddtr. 


l,en. P. Anderson, 


Mr. ' ,.r,„„uUr the vote, and to 


DistriiUs. 


lay m. ,., i, . ;. ,, ,.,lil. ; which wa..i agreed to. 


1. Orville Rice b. Gen J L. fllcKoin 


The i>n.>.nnuu .uon ttlierwarda adjourned till 


2. A G. Watkins 7 G. W. Lincnli, 


live o'clock. 


3. Horace Maynard «. K- F. Looney 





4. Wm. A. Caruthers 9. Hun. C. H. Williams 


Fmi.ing Session. 


5. Edm'd Cooppr, Rolle lu. Col. BeverlyS Allen 


Tho.onvcnti'jii liaving been called to order at 


S. Sanders. R.E.Gil- 11. C^l. J. W. Crockcit. 


5 o'clock- 


leland 


Mr. Ashmuu arose and said: 1 have been in- 



TIJE SIGNAL. 



e, whc 

lothii 

eiit a repo 

y thai after much deliberation, con 
ducted with the Idndest and most concilialory 
fccling-s, the report , has been adopted with very 
greai, though not entire, unanimity. [Applause.] 
And, sir, by leave of the chair, 1 will, ciwing to ths 
hasty manner in which the resolutions have been 
drawn up, take a position in front of the chair, and 
read the resolutions which I have been instructed 
to present. 

Mi-. Ashmun then took a position near the Presi- 
dent's chair, and read the f-eBolution<!, which were 
in the following terms: 

PLATFOBM OF THE WHIG CONVESTION. 

The Whiirsof the United States, in convention 
ai,scmbled,firmly adhering to the great, 
republican principles by which they are controlled 
and governed, and now, as ever, relying upon the 
intelligence of Ihe American people, with an abid- 
ing conhdcucc in their capacity for self-govern- 
itient, and their continued devotion to the Consti- 
tution and the Union, dH proclaim the followingas 
the political sentiments and determination for the 
establiihrnent and maintenance of which their na- 
tional organization as a parly is tffccted : 

1. The Government of the United States is of 
a limited charactir, and it is confined to the exer- 
cise of powers expressly granted by the Constitu- 
tion, and such as may be necessary and proper fur 
carrying the granted powers into full execution ; 
find that all powers not thus granted or necessarily 
implied areexpressly reserved to the States respect- 
ively ai,d to the people. 

2, The State governments should be held se- 
cure m their reserved rights, and the General 
Government sustained in its constitutional powers, 
and the Union should be revered and watched 
over PS "the pallat ium of our liberties " 

3. That while struggling freedom everywhere 
cnliststhewarmcBtBympalhyof the VVhigparty, we 
still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his 
Country, aa announced in his Farewell Address, 
ol k p ngou 1 e / eef m II nt n 1 gal 



e, wrillon amid the heat and cim- 

jnvenlion. 
Andcrton, of Ohio, said he wao 
platform, and to making the Fi>- 
law, because be 



the Whig 

The resu 

fally recei 

pccially th 



IS, as they wer 
ith demonetrat 
lating-tolheCoi 
ud died of •'( 



read, were seve- 
insofapplause.es- 
promise measure* 
There were loud ciicd of 'Thoaie," "Choate;" 
hen, amid the almost general tail- 
Mr. Rufus Clioate rose and said thSt he did not 
:arly apprehend the exact terms of the last feso 

••■' - ■ '■ i'' '■"' 1.' i:ii'!' p-n. .1 111 general that it 



:-;iiu;h had 1„ , 



ito mak- 
ae-bool< 



ed to 



v.y 



the 



Jijder 



sure and pla 
pitious in F 
opened— if h 



isi«(orise and tluink God that Che 
hich he had contended in his mea- 
!, though circumstances were unpro- 
leuil H.1II, when Faneuil Hall was 
might judge by the cheering indica- 
to be sustained by the highest au- 

le Coni'ention cf Union Whigs of the 

L' K -'.. c.lil not this ofgan of Ihe 
, ' ' ' /., one of the great na- 
" 1 - Ihe people but unites 



W! 



clhcac 



uld 



3f Un 



this 



nd f 1 



make haste, in a 
xplicit, and une- 
le opinion of the 
onven'.ion that the agitation of slavery hence- 
jrward shall be excluded and forbidden in the 
dtional politics of America.' [Long continued 
pplause i Why should we not here and now, 
i-ith all alacrity, as a party ot Whigs, declare the 
nality of the Compromise measures.' [Demon- 
Irations of applause ] Was there a human being 
'ho did not now begin to agree, whatever he mj 
a II I t b f the 7tl ( M h !8 tl t 
at In ty d nd d th y h Id ha 



beyond other laws. 'i'i>. 

at the North are mc, . , , , , 

paasiononthesubject,!, , , „,^. , „_ 

Whigs of the free Static lnv. .■, , ' ■' - 'iniiT 

go off by scores, on account of III,' I, , 
mise uponlhem. Theold Nalii-n . : : : . .,( 

Ihe Union never were opposed i., 1 1, , , ,,, ,,r 
this l.».*?— they regarded it as all other coiiBiiiuli-.n 
al laws. They bad been cnlled dough-laces. Ho 
had never hung his head at that name, thooch at 
home he was called the original White Charley. 

The South had been deceived bv desio-ninn- irien 
into tlio belief that their rights would no"t be secure 



Irj 



IS way an unkind and fearful feeling nad grown 
). The South and North, like bofa, were now 
inng each other to knorfc chips off each other'a 
.ts; or, alter a roll in the mud, the South was 
iw rubbing It in. 

He was for the passage of the Omnibua and all 
i passengers. He regarded this platform aa a 
ip to catch a man who was always known Irt 
ve been in lavoroitbe Compromise. [Applause 1 
lat great soldier, sl.teBman and patriot, he hoped 
)u!d not be thus entrapped. He hoped, if it were 
rsented to him, he would reject it. If he (An- 
rson) was in his place, and the ten cnmmand- 
led to him as a test, he would 



under the 



jmsia 



ad kr 



ingi 



object and design of the test, accept thein, beea 

denied the authority of the body to present 

I, Mr A. was repeatedly r 



, ■* f ' 1 e th p pi k 1 t 1 th 




Go nt th y 1-ould bey t ( onst tut n 


I h 1 n u'' 


lav nd t eat s they uld ta th 11 


1 1 


p a d th sp t wl 1 tl y 1 n a d 11 


y d 1 a 


nl f f npo e 


b p tt d to 3 y 


5 G e nm nt 1 uld b onduct 1 up n p n 


to 1 1 1 f tl Wl 


Jilt n By and e nue if n f 


G J i tl t— but t 


tfe p n stl ( ntneofpa ou 1 I to b 


11 J u d 
up and te d by 


manly d ed f om a d ty n p ts and no 


' d t tax s and n 1 y I dut 


Wla a ul tule^ 


e u d p 1 y qu B J St 1 a 1 


al 11 p 1 y n tl 


P le t 1 nf a ibysp hit wt np a 




t aol 1 e by u t ble en u a t y b 


In 11° 


assucdtoA e an ndu t y equally to all I ss 
a dt allpo t oftlec u t y 


' 


b TleC t tut on vet C n„ e s II p w 


' 


* r n dp ha b B and e 


M 



ot Bla 
1 o I 
t y V 



an ajfo tl 




te t on d la 1 ty t 




nat ns a on 1 e 




be e y ta 




th lat 


ate 1 1 


a d Sta e G e nn ents a 


be 


1 1 e e sa yf tl e om n 


h a t n 1 


nd e u ty a d ou ht to be 




a d al lab tual a d n 


11 utl a y 


R pe t f tie au 1 y 


e andth g 


en n tf St tut nal 


out of tie utl ^ 


dut qu d lytic pi 


e y T n sb 


at al fStat a d 1 


la ] 




N ne 1 that he 


tsofth th ty fi tC ss 


L ad u ot to 1 


tl C 1 Adj t 


tl t 1 H n 


It 3 1 om 


1 at tl fl gb a 


i qu e c 1 n 


of J L b y 


a llnal sot 
tl s b t 


on a d n ep 1 



1 i 


L uri 




of a r pi 


a d bl « n 


M J 


n b tal t 




[i]plau eand 


P 1 



During his 
plauded. 
The dfbale was co 
her gent'cmen, and 
many stirring scenes, 
platform resolutions, 
vole of yeas 226 n.iys 



inued by Mr. Butts an 
fter points of order, an 
le vote was taken on tl: 
Inch were adopted by 
1 11 lollowB- 

1 JV 



11 nan 


:« } 


t^esy 


P yl 






1 1 t 


M yl i 




\ g a 


. 


N h t 




uth C 


J . 


( 


. 


Alala 


ul tule f 
fuse 


(Jl 


u ge that 
d awn f m 


K tuly 


f b th tl 
Ilia etl 


III s 






y' a" n' 


\ 1 s 


no an of 


n 1 

F 1 


PP ' f 





II 



J c 



a mon t 

ub" to^n 
n o dl( 
affa I ( gl 



U tla IshuuH 



m^adf 



THE SIGNAL. 



my connexion v.iiii it 1 hoped when the report South Carolina — S — — 

caino in it would be received with one universal Geurgia — 1^ — — 

aye. I have labored aa hard as any one Sy day , Alabama — 9 — 

«nd ni^ht, with the East, West, anil North, to pro- Mississippi — " — — 

mote that end. It Las been intimated ihai i in- Louisiana 7^ 'i ^ iT) 

tended to prove false to the South, thnt I would , Ohio. -!■- 1 — ^'- 

provEa trnitor to the land where rest my faliitrs, Kentucky — *2 — — 

und the little children of ray love. Tbij would Tennessee — H — — 

roi. be believed by those who know me. Indiana IJ — — 1-i 

I am an American citizen, and I will never be , Illinois 11 — — " 

satisfied with less than the welfare of my whole i Missouri — 9 — — 

eountry. [Vpplau.'f.] If my association and in- Arkiiisas — 4 — — 

tercoursc with northern men is to cut ms off from Michigan b — — o 

the South, then let the accursed blow bo struck at Florida - 3 — 

once. fApplau?e.] All the candidates are honor- ! Texas — -j — — 

able men ; and I say here that 1 will support with J Iowa. -- ■» — 

all my power and ability whoever shall be ncmi- Wisconsin 11^ i 

nated by the convention. [Applauso.] California '..11 i 

A Voice : Will you vole for Scott if he refuse , --- -- -- -- - 

to accord to the platform .' Total 131133 -9 133 1 

Mr. Jones. I do not consider that a supposable 3,; Ballot. -KA 

c.iec, for 1 know he will. [Applause.] Nrniinat.: , . , , 

Mr. Webster, and I will support him. [Applause ] 

Nominate ycur present distinguished -President. j; J 

and I will labor fur hia election. [Applause.] I Slatis. „• § 2 

never had but one political idol, (pointinir to a o = ■§ "S 

portrait of Mr. Clay,) and I never expect Ih^it my w £ IS (« 

political feelings willeverag-ainbeso wfini n^hrv s-.j^^g S _ _ 8 

have been for that dying- pairiot. [L;i.i:i; : i ■ x H-itiipVliVrc. ...... . 1 — ■! 1 

I never saw General Scott till tlij fcc' II '■ i , .',,,„. 113 2 

nry last. He did mc the honor to r;' ,.. m ,' 'Lhufctts '' — H 2 

We entered into a lull and free com > Vi-id'e Island "!!'.!'. i ! 112 1 

told him that my State would vol;; l-i 'uncrticut. .."...'.'..'.'. . 2 1 S 2 

more, on account cf the firmness and I. ' '■ -■York 25 7 1 25 

which he had discharged his constiti'i: : ■ ■ i «'■ JcrseV. '.'..'...'.'..". .' 7 — — 1 

and tiiat if I were sent here as n ,' .,,,..„|vania' '.' 2G 1 — 26 

would vote to carry out the views of i:' . ' ', ■ r 3 — — 3 

told hiin Ihst Tennessee would vote i ' .'.'.... _ 8 — — 

wbo was not for eupporlin;^ and mail. , ... 1 12 1 2 

Compromise in all its parts,. He ^i-. , . - i i.liiia '. — 10 — — 

ardent supporter and friend of tbi <. i::, ■ • ,Contli tkn.iiuia! ..!.!!! ! — S — — 

measures from the day they were firtt f'"^-'"*'''' ; 'fj,.ur'cia — 10 — 

to Congress bv Henry Clay, and that he was op- . i' i^.^„„ _ g _ ._ 

posed to touciiingr tUom in any manner, shape or jufgjjjgjnp'i _ 7 _ _ 

fjrm. [Loud applause.] iloui-iana — ti — ~ 

I told him he was much calumniated and misun- ^.j' ,., j _ 22 

dcrstood, and that he had bettor write a letter and I"- ••••• " ,.-, _ _ 

forever silence the calumnies repeated against ?;="'"'^''y- _ ,., _ _ 

hi.n. Hs answered no— that he w uld write no ,' ."ana 13 - - 13 

•letter, nor do any thing which looked like seeking '"3.^ [l , 

the nomination. To thatdctcrmination he has ad- Missouri ! .■;.■■.■.■.".■. "l '.'.■' - 9 - - 

hercd up to ihe present time, and he has stcadi- i_i,,-,aTa 4 

ly reluaed to write a letter till aftp.r the nomina j™r|^-; ■■;■;;;; -y g 5 

and he holds to the same grounds of action. At | ,* '^"^^ ' '. ~ 4 _ _ 

all th«ecoavcr.=atioiie Ihi-ro were others pns-nt, j , ' _ ^ _ _ 

for 1 hiv: had no clandestine conversations or 1 •^^..^^"^■^■.;^ 113 1 

^:s^^^:.::^^n':^:- - c . ..he.. wi,i-=....ca,! i'^=^'''---'-'----- ■••■••_! - ^ j 

united in support .-! I - : .. . ..p.p. ,^^^_^^ 133 131 29 134 

pealed to tlie rJor! I I : : . .....in 

and forever put .i... :vcry. Wi Ballot. Uh 

He appealed to tl|. Ill ; 1 ■ ,. U 1: i.-.;loc- , ■ , , — 

tions o! the past and the i.rig-lit hopes ol (hi.; fitlure. 

He pledged himself as a soldier, enlisted for the: t t 

war in l^chalf of whoever should be the nominee of i States. ^ g J J 

the convention. j " :^ [^ o 

Mr. Jessup then, by consent, modified his rC50-"i t^ £ > ^1 

lotion so as lo require a m-ijorily of the electoral j -^jijug 8 _ _ s 

college, or 149 votes, to nominate a candidate. New liampshirc! — — 1 

The resolution was then adopted. , Vvrmont . . 112 1 

The convention proceeded to vole. There was jj^^ja^ghuVelts 2—11 2 

much consequent excitement and anxiety ni-^ni I Rijjje Island. ] 112 I 

fesrcd. The galleries, as well as the floor c( the I (^^,„„g(.ticut 2 13 2 

I1...II, were densely trjwded; among those in th" jj^^ y.jri; 24 7 2 25 

first named were' many ladies There was a fl.xid , jj^^ jjrgi^y'. '/.'.' -, — — 7 

of light from the gas jets; and now was to come ; p,,, _,,-yiv„,:ja.. 21) 1 — 26 

thoirialof ihestringihoftiierespeciivecandidatiS. j),;i'^„..;.jrc 3 — — 3 

Six votes weic taKcn, v.'iih lbs following result: M-irvland" " — S — — 

Vir^iuia..' ;.'.'; 2 12 - 1 

THK BALLOTS. I Konh Ca.'olina - 10 - - 

1st Ballot. 2rfBof?o.'. Sauth Carolina — « — — 

^ ^ 4; i" i Alabama — 9 — — 

States. ^ ~ 'i -I S I Uiuisiana — 6 — 

= >; g = <:: ,Obio 22 1 — 22 

!C £ S t/.. E P j Kentucky — 12 — — 

Maine 8 — — d — — 1 Tennessee — 12 — — 

New Hampshire 1 _ 4 — _ 5 Indiana 13 — — IJ 

Vermont 113 11 3 Illinois 11 — — 9 

Massachusetts 2—11 2 — 11 Missouri 

KhodeJsland 112 11 2 Arkansas 

.213 21 sUUchigan 4 2 

24 7 2 2-i 7 I ; Florida - 3 

. 7 — — 7 — —! Texas — 4 

. 2C 1 — 26 1 — ; lown — 4 

. 3 — — 3 — — jWisconsin 1 ' 

,_ S — — 8 — ICalilornia 3 — 

. 1 13 — 2 1-2 — ■ 

. _ 10 _ _ 10 — i Total .130 133 



Connecticut.. . 

New York 

New Jersey... 
Pennsylvania. 

Delaware 

iMaryland 

Vn-Kii.ia 

North CaroUna 



Adopted 

Tl; 
the following 



For Fillmore— Vermont, 1; Rhode Island, 1; 

mnecticut, 1; New York, 7; Pennsylvania, 1; 
Maryland, 8; Virginia, 12; North Carolina, 10; 
Souih Carolina, 8, Ucorffia. 10; Alabama, 9; Mis- 
pi, 7; J^juibiana 6; Ohio, 1; Kentucky 12; 

icfsie, 12; Illinois 2; Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; 

Florida, 3; Texas, 4; Iowa, 4; Wicon6in,3. Total, 
133 



Viririnia, on each of the six ballots, cast one 

ank vote. 

Between the votrs, a? above, several motions 

adj. -urn were made and voted down, tind there 

ere erics for another, and yet another vote, until 
quarter past nine o'clock an adjournment took 

ace -ntil 10 o'clock to morrow morning, 

FOURTH DAY.— Satubd.av, Jusk 19. 

IMornitig Sasion. 

The c-jnvi ntion v.-as opened by prayer by Ihc 
iv Dr. J G. Morris, of the Lutheran Church. 

Thcj.iutu..l of yc.tirriay was read. 

Mr. Pike, of .Maine, said the vote of Maine yes- 
•rd.iy w.i!< 3 in fj.or of the Compromise and o 
i;aii.Jt ii; (h,-. ..oit stood recorded as 4 to 4. But as 
desire exisiid to let the record stand, he would 



nufcucut, offered a resolution t 
tmbirs of the convention be pr: 
:-olBco address of each meml 

than resumed the voting, v 
lilt: 



For 
Mrssa 
3, Ncv 



YoiU, 1; Wisconsin, 
For Bates- 1 . 



EIOllTH BALLOT. 

ForScoU— Maine, 8; New Hampshire, I; Vcr- 
mont, 1; Massachusetts, 2; Rhode Island, 2; Con- 
necticut, 2; New York, 24; New Jersey, 7; Penn- 
sylvania, 2G; Delaware, 3; Virginia, 2; Ohio, 2-2; 
Indiana, 13; Illinois, 10; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 
1; C,d:fori.!a,3. Total, 133. 

For Fillmore-Vermont, 1; Conm-rlicut. 1; New 



; Kr 



Mii 



ToU 



131 



For Webster— New Hampshire, 4; Vermont, 3; 
Mas=acbtisciis, 11; Rhode Island, 2; Connecticut, 
3; New York, I; Wisconsin, 3; Califc-rnia, 1. To- 
tal, 28. 

For Bates- 1-. 

NINTH BALLOT. 

For Scott- Maine, 8; Vermont. 1; Massachu 
setts, ,2; Rhode Island, 2; Connecticut, 2; New 
York, 25; New Jersey. 7; Pennsjlvania, 26; Del-a- 
ware, 3; Virginia, 2; Ohio, 22; Indiana, 13; Illi- 
nois ■ 10; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, :; Calilornta, 
3 Total, 133. 

For Fili.nore-V ,,>,,:.(. 1; ■ ,,;ineclicul, I; New 
York,7; Peni!= , ! ;. .t;d, S; Virginia, 

12; North Cafij;: . - „r,,lina, 8; lieor- 

gia, 10; Ahbaiin, (; > ;^ : 1, 7; L-uisiana, 6; 

Mis'^oun, 9; Ailc.ansosi 4; Florida, 3; Te-tas,' 3; 



,4; Ui 
r We 



131. 



-Nc« 



rjnt, 3; 



4 — — 



%,, :icut, 1; New York, 7; 

.,„„ i,d, 8; Virginia, 12; North 

'„r,Au ...lina. 8;Georsia, 10; Ala- 

ami 'J. ,\:,;.i^ii.i, 7; Louisiana, 6; Ohio, I; Ken. 

I'-ky, 12; 'iV-nnrssee, 12; Illinois, 1; Missouri, 9; 

irknii'sas, 4; Florida, 3; Tcxa.s, 4; Iowa, 4; Wiscon- 

in, 1. Total 130. 

For Webster— New Hampshire, 4; Vermont, 3; 
Massachusetts, 11; Rhode Island 2; Connecticut. 3; 
New York,!; Wisconsin, 3; Califorma, I. I'otal.'iS 



THE SIGNAL, 



ELKVBSTH BALLOT. 

For Scott— Maine, S; New Hampshire, 1; Ver 
nioiit, 1; Massachusct'e, 2; Rhode Island, 2; Con- 
necticut, 2; New York 2o; New Jersey, 7; Penn- 
sylvania, 26; Delaware, 3; Virfrinia, 2; Ohio. •"; 
■ ■■ a, 13; IillncM?, 10; Michigan, 6; Wiaconsin, 



New 



a, 6; Ohi. 
1, 1; Mi! 
:, 4; Wii 



l; California, 3. Total, 

For Fillmore— Vermont, 1; Cjnnec 
York,?; Pennsylvania, 1; M ryland, 
12; North Carolina, 10; South Cnrolina 
10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisi 
1; Kentucky, 12; Tennessee, 12; Illin 
sourl, 9; Arkansa'!, 4; Florida, 3; Tei 
consin, 1. Total, 131. 

For Webster— New Hampshire, 4; Vermont, 3; 
Massachusetts, 11; Rhode Island, 2; Con:irctirul,3; 
N-w-York, 1; Wisconsin, 3: r-ilif-ir, i- , I T •(-■!. -f 

The ballotings were r ;,■ ■ ■ ' ,! i :;, 

intermission, until the 3i! 

fortwo h->ur3.' The haAluV:,^, -.: ^n aiiji- i., j, . 
tail will afford tlvi reatler a generally corrt ct i-Jt-j 



of 



-the cha 



! affecting 



/ing been ^ 
ny result '_| 



tion. He wasthcn in favor of changins 
his district, but was overruled by hi 
len,?ue3. [Applans-.] 

Mr. said that he and h:3 colleague from 

the Richinrnd district were perfectly willing to 
take all the responsibiliiy of voting for Mr. Fill- 
more, and (hey woulil continue to assume and bear 
that respo-isibiiity to the last. lApplause.] 

VVh n the vote of Kentucky announced that 
" " " ' ' ■ ■- ' delegate rose and said 



VIr. Fillmore, but 
i i l.c could not be nominated 

, ' -■• when that Slate was 
■ - ii. say a feiv w^>rd3, and 
I.', oiiid he desired to slate the 
I'.ueiiced the vote of Florida, 
it 10 the last. 

r inOuencing any one in the 
lere wasa slampcde, the little 
desired to be right on the re- 
as on the extreme southern 
ired that the Whigs of that 



of and when New H.\ 

' 'given to Mr. Kdwi 

majority of the dth 



:id diftri-.H 

t of cor.li.i 



rds, of ihnt St; 



Evening Session. j 

On reassembling at four, the convention resumed 

the balloting. | 

THlllTV SECOND BALLOT. | 

ForScott- Ma;i,i , -. \'. r.,;- .,■.;, M ,..;,.--,;- -■ 
2; Rhode Island, i , : , i. , j. ... -. - :. _ 
New Jersey, 7: I' ; ji 

Virginia, 3; 01,i... .: ' i., !..■ ■, I : i i:. , ;<-; m 
Bouri, 1; Michigan,!); Wi.^cunsm, 1; C i:i|.jri.in, 3. 
Total, 134. 

For Fillmore-Rhode i-land, 1; Connecticut. I; 
New York. 7; Penn.ylvania, I; Maryland, .S; V;.-- 
pinia, 10; North Carolina, 10; houtb Carolii-,a, f-'; 
Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; iMississippf, 7; Louisian;., 
6; Ohio, l;Kentucky, 12; Tcancssoe, 1-J; Illinois, 1: 
Missouri, 8; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3; Texas, 4. 
Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 1.' Total, 123 

For Wcbst-r— New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 4; 
Massachusetts, 11; Rhode Island, 2; Connecticut. 3; 
New York, 1; Wi.<consin,3; California.l. Total, 30. 

Virginia-2 blank. 

The convention then went into successive bal- 
lots from the thirty-third to the forty. sixth inclu- 
Bive. 

liclwecn the ballolings there was a (rood deal of 
conversation, arising out of motions to adj. urn, 
and other m-<tters not calling for detailed mention 
in these columns. 



For 
mon t , 
nccliei 



Penn.= 
Carol]! 
bama. 



1; Vcr- 
; Con- 
I'enn- 



applause] He ( 

ing by the Comp 

i\ir Ward coi 



■ So.,,;,. t.V.pi.use ] It wa.- no EUch 
as d. manded any gratuitous return. 
ij les of that platform are either true or 
3t, then every northern man who assent- 
has sealed his own want of candor. Mr. 
ins never utter.^d any distioctivo south- 
pioof poiiiics. [Cries of • Order," "Sit 
U.tllot."J 

■Ion Kiid t^ai Florida, though smill, was 
'-; - '■■ ' .- ^'.-tr; .-iud he appealed that 

' ' . ) ugh Mr Fijlmora has 

■".. ;m iMe soathtrn principle, 

1 .Sii;.]..)! 1 oiiii iierc to day, because dur 

ears of admiiisiralicn he h.is sworn he 

■• ■ r than the Constitution. [Gre-jt 

iicd oui the necessity for stand 









l,;gan, 6; 


lli 


rnia, 3. 






la. 


d. 1: ^ 




York, 7; 


d,8; Virgir 


ia. 


10; N-.-rlli 


na 


8; Georgia 


, 10; Ala- 




ui.iana, 


K; 


Ohio, 1; 


12 


Illinois 


2; 




>*; 


Texao, 


4; 


iowa, 3; 



4; New York, 2; Wiscons!! 
Total, 31. 

The convcr.tion, at 8 o'cio 
10 o'clock on .Monday motuin 



ire, 4; Vermont, 4; 
nd, 2; Connecticut, 
I, 3; California, 1. 

■k, adjourned until 



.ued .'•or a considcrab 
iress-.ng the convention; but such was 
liusion, cries of order, sit down, &c., 
i.siblc to Ik:u- l.im eonnt-cledly. In conclusion 
annoure ■: ;:, ..;:-. ■. ..to of Florida was givci 
snimo;:;; )■ ' . : IMIinore. 

ruinouiiccd, and the in 
.33 w^ received witl 



TUci'Jiii . 
crease of b. 
cheers an,! I, 

Tiie returi, 
with gicai d, 



me in 

noise. 



ing bu,l,, a„.| 1 
as Ion:; a.^ ih. e,, 
chance of h:s be 

nee, whoever he 
be the nominee t 
claimed no end 
•eil that the i 
vilh all the b 



and oth-:r Suut 
f..r Fillmore, they 
phrcnzieil applause. 
When the c ,!|- v 
known all ov. e i 
standing on i:. 
nounced the j:. . 

The ballot stoo<l as f 



I'lousand ma 
r-.l 

jeih Carolina, 
■-s, were anno 
;:ved with the 



MicLig 

Tolal, 1 

For 1 

Maryland, 



—Connecticut, 1; Ne-w York, 7; 

Virginia, C: North Carolina. 10; 
Carolina, S; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mis- 
i. 7; L utsi^na, 6; Kentucky, 11; Tenncfscc, 



sissippi. 7; I/u'.snna, Ij; Kentucky 
9;iMiis.nri,6; Arkansas, 4; Florida, .3; 



Keidudiy to Fillimre was received 

alli:-g of the fiftieth vote, when 
Pennsylvania w!,s called— 

ftlr. Hazlfhurit.of that State, rose and w.ts ui 
lov/ed 10 sptak for five minutes. He said tbatm. 
he had pu.sucd ia ilie conventi.m since ,i 
ileiop- ;s. ut-ritheecciei:. 



hat heretofore hi, 






distiict, 
people ol 



that ot 



that this declaration , 



FIFTH DAY —Monday, Juns 21. 

Morning Hession. 

The convention was called to order at 10 o'clock, 

when it was opened wijh prayer by the Rev. Dr 

Webster. , 

The convention proceeded to the forty-seventh 

the body, expressing their views as to the relative 
candidates. 

There beinir no choice, the convention proceeded 

to the fort7 ci.rl.lh trial. 

Thcc:,,.,i- 1, , , ..,:. of Missouri of three for , „ 

Scultci II ,; ,:>,-, as did also the lo.'3 of '■-"• ■^-'■■-'•'l''"0'"« 

oncv,.,i 1 ' .V a division in Kentucky. •"'■'">■ ^'■^'"'V^" 

Nomcr., 1^ 1., , - ■. 1 thrown to various dele- ^■""■^'J'' ^'> l'-^'" 
gallon.^ iron, the g.jl, cries. | was iii f.vor ol ev 

The tony-ninth vote was then commenced. [Great applause. 

i.liange in the vote oi Rhode Island was re- D-aring the cal 

jiinesseo was called. 
When Virginia was called — 
Mr. lS-..iissaid that he desired to relievo himself 
of a responsibiliiy for that portion of the delay 
which might attach to him He had voted for Jlr. 
Fill:noru for four balioti. H--. did .so to show that 
"ich.idthe utmost eoneJencc in liis Admioislra- 



l':,ia, and the 

eLiraiion, by 

-iratWhig 

C institution 

>.i v.-as mo-.lcl. 

ihe South thai 

livtalihof Pennsylvania has been 

iJay of its adop- 



I since the 



.n liinccd t' at WiNFjJiLO Scott 

1 i-.d e r.,l„l..to of the Whig 

, '. 1 .' : . !:,e Presidency. The 

, . .!--'., were renewed 

, e-t :-.■,, jL-i-£cy, got upon a 
the llj.r. HeyieMed it, h.jA-- 
Smiih, of A-a'-.auia, wh-. said 



ecir.-d to oiler 

Vi'ow,i',:opi- 
iliun of .Scott 

troubled the 



r.moJS. 

aimed the floor 
Now .lersev !:, 



se. He had 

Pennsyb. at, 
was for a 



ry principle of the Coinp, 

the fifty second 
jority of the delcg. 



ral political hisH.ry , 
spots al.s-.J on the = 
clear off aft ckmdsn, 
v;as ol Eicw J,Tsey 
feelings were Virgi 
Dominion woul • :,ut 
ler Uciieiai j ircmity. [Great af 
ndidate who i however, an Ainrrie, 
though the Unit 



lingthe 



. giv 









boi: 
Plause 
a quar 

loud.] 



The Sou 
righ 



cept 1 
] .Mexico, with her 
ler, with a di.%.^,'in 
f.r WinfielJ gc ■• 

Whigs of all .= r , 



long and 
•;virtMin. 






THE SIGNAL. 



vor of interfering' with the rights of the 
[Applause] He hoped his countrymei 



tJona would rally and support the man who had 
literally carried the Hag of his country all over 
the continent. He appealed to the Whigs not lj 
be haprgling over words in resolutions or platlorms, 
but come up and support their candidate TI.ey 
could now go home and tell the people that there 
were no differences between the parties, except 
the old party issues, represented by General Scott on 
the one hand, and General Pierce on the other. 
He had too much self-respect to say any thiiisr dis- 
rcepictlul of the private worth of the opposition 
candidate; but in all the elements of man, eoldier, 
etatcsman.and in all the relations o( private !ifC) 
General Scott would not suffer by a comparison 
between the two. [Applause.] 

He gave a sketch of General Scott's public acts 
and eulogised them. He was a good international 
and constitutional lawyer; and in all the relations 
<f private life his heart waa as pure as fcmulc in- 
nocence or female love. [Enthusiastic applause.] 
After renewing his call upon the Whi^s to sup- 
port the nominee, he predicted that at the election 
in November there will go up shouts of hotior to 
him who has saved the country. 

Here Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, rose, not to make 
a speech, but to read a message to the conven- 
tiou— one which would be most acceptable to the 
convention, to the Whig parly, and to the Union. 
It was from Winficld Scott, and was as follows: 
" Washington, June 21, IS52. 
" Having the honor of being the nominee for 
President by the Whig National Convention, 1 
shall accept the same, with the platform of princi- 
ples which the convention has laid down. Please 
rhow this to G B. Duncan, 
i, 

I Scott." 
A delegate from Louisiana pledged the Whig 
party of that State to a cordial support of the 
nominee. The convention had adopted a platform 
satisfactory to Louiciana, and satisfactory to the 
Whigs of all the Union, and they would unite in 
supporting the hero, the conqueror of Mexico. 

A delegate from North Carolina said he had had 
the honor of casting the vote of that Whig State 
lor Millard Fillmore to the last. But his State was 
above all factious opposition. Thcv would now 
leave the side of Mr. Fillmore and fake up a posi- 
tion by the side of the nominee, who was a Wliig 
no less gallant than the other. He moved that the 
nomination be declared unanimous. 

Dr. lifll, of Massachusetts, said he rise no to 
epi.-;. ( 'i - iusetts, but for the district which 
<-'■: i . -; :=i ['Orders the plains of Lexing- 

1... i>unl;er Hill. [Applause] He 

ri i! ' : ■ ;:,,.i •■ ■■.net; and though he had voted 
hity-iwo miies lor their own distinguished states- 
man, and great defender of the t;onstitution, he 
would now pledge that district for the other great 
man who had just been nominated [Applause ] 

Mr. Edney made a spirited speech, in which he 
said the delegation of North Carolina had been 
overslaughed; but as a Whig he gave in his cord 
iidhcsiun to the success ol the Whig party, under 
the lead of General Scott. [Applause, long con- 
tinued.] 

.Mr. Habcock, of New York, said it had been hia 
fortune to represent the district in which -Mr. Fill- 
n]0:e resides. He had, throughout all the ballot- 
itigi, wi^h six of his colleagues, cast his vutrs for 
that g.titloman as hia first choice. He would say, 
111 jubliii: to Mr. Fillmore and his friends, that Mr. 
Filiinuri! tli.oi here not by his own procurcmen', 
l.ut by the partiality of friends. This nomination 
following as it did a platform, willform the high 
est culogiutn on the Administration, while it will 
bring no regret to hie b)£cm. The adoption of the 
nlatlorni will bring more joy to Mr. Fillmore's 
heart than a nomination itself. He most cheerfully 
gave in his adhesion to the nomination of Gen- 
erul Scott. [Applause, tremendous and start 

Mr. Granlland, of Georgia, promised to do all he 
could for the nominee, alth 
another. 

Mr. Hazzard, of Connecticut, gave in his adhe- 

He was follov/ed by Messrs Coombs, of Ken- 
tucky; Scott, of Virginia; Bryan, of South Caroli- 
ne; Stewart, of California; Gardner, of Alabama; 
Thomas, of Maryland; Danels, of Mississippi; Fos 
ter, of Delaware; Brodhead, of Missouri; Gardner 
of Tennessee; Bradley, of Vernionl; Ward, of Flo- 
rida; Dawson, of Georgia; Mills, of Maine; John 
Btoii, of Pennsylvania; Sherra3.n, of Ohio; Draper 
of New York; and delegates from Mississippi, Wis 
cousin, Arkansas, IMichijj-an, Iowa, Illinois, Indi 
ana, and other States, who severally addressed the 
couventioo, caving in tc the nominee, lauding Gen 



eral Scott, and promising, some oflhi-m, to roll up 
tremendous majorities for Old Chippewa in the 
coming campaign. The remarks were received 
with wild expressions of applause, in which both 
delegates and persons in the galleries participated. 
South Carolina was honored with three cheers; and 
during this ratification bouquets were plentifully 
distributed inside and cannon fired without. 

Mr. Botts begged leave to say to the convention 
that this is the last great convocation of Whigs 
which will probably take place during the lifetime 
of the illustrious founder of the Whig party; and 
he did not believe there was a Whig in the con- 
ntion or in the Union who would desire this con- 
ntion should adjourn without expressing its sen- 
timents in relation to that <lying patriot. 

le resolutions submitted by .Mr. Bolls were 
then read, as follov.-s: 

"Resolved. That this convention, representing 
the whole Whig party of the United e-tatcs, leel 
that it will not'have diochpiged its entire duty to 
itself, to the party it reprr^sents, and to the country 
at large, if it should adjourn without an expression 
of its profound regret at the irreparable bereave- 
ment the nation is likely soon to sustain in the loss 
of Henry Clay, the illustrious founder of our party, 
whose consistency to his principles, fidelity to his 
Iriends, devotion to his country, whose enlarged 
and boundless patriotism, and whose pre-eminent 
and unrequited services, have not only endeared 
him to hia party and secured the respect and confi- 
dence of the nation, but have commanded the ad- 
miration of the world. 

'Resolved, That to the venerable patriot in his 
last moments we tender the language of our inex- 
pressible sympathy and regard, with the as-:u- 
ranee that when he may be no more on earth, in 
our hearts, and in the hearts of our children, he 
will never die." 
The resolutions were unanimously pasfcd by a 

The speaking in favor of the nominee was re- 
sumed and continued until three o'clock, when the 
convention adjourned until half past live. 

Becapltnlafioi). 



48th. 
49th. 
60th. 
51st . 



Eacning Session. 

The evening session was characterized with 
great enthusiasm It was opened with the reading 
of telegraphic despatches from Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, and Cumberland, Maryland, responding lo 
the Presidential nomination of the convention, and 
stating that at each place it had been received with 
a salute of one hundred guns. 

A resolution was then introduced making the 
Presidential nomination unanimous, which was 
dopted by acclamation, and waa succeeded by re- 
terated cheerihg. 

Next followed a resolution submitted by Mr. 
Ely, of Ohio, in the following terms: 

iJesoiwd, That Millabd Fillmobe, President 
of the United States, deserves our hearty and cnthu- 

astic gratitude for the truly constitutional and 
patriotic principles upon which he has adminia- 

red the Government, and the Whigs of the Uni- 
ted States will 3vcr look upon bis Administration 
as one of the most turcessful and patriotic in our 
history." 

""■ ' tion was received with great applause 

and cheering, and was unanimously adopted. 

"■ DuncttD, of Louisiana, then offered the fol- 



2 1 131 

3J 131 

4ih 130 

5th 133 " 

Cth 133 

7lh 133 

8tb 131 

9th 131 

leth 130 

nth 131 

12th 130 

13th 130 

14th 130 

I6th 130 

ICth 129 

nth 131 

18th 131 

19th 131 

20th 131 

2l3t 131 

22 J 130 

23d 130 

24th 129 

25th.... 'M23 

2C-.h 12S 

27lh 128 

2Sth 128 

29:h 128 

30th 128 

31et 128 

32d 128 

33d 128 

34th 12G 

35th 128 

36th 128 

37th 127 

38th 127 

39th 123 

40lh 129 

4Ut 129 

42d 128 

43d 123 

44ih 1-29 

45lh 127 

4(;th 127 

■nth..,. ,.129 



lowi 



"Resolved, That second, and only second, to the 
illustrious Clay, in the estimation of the Whigs of 
Louisiana and of the Union of the United States, 
in his connexion with the past struggles of their 
party and with the Compromise measures, stands 
the name of Daniel Webstes, whose lame fills 
the Union ; whose patriotism enibracrs the length 
and breadth of the land ; whose pure self devotion 
on a recent memorable occasion proved that he 
knew no North, no South; and who will at all times 
be named with praise in every land and on every 
sea in which the banner of the Union may be un- 
furled." 

The resolution was unanimously adopted; when 
General Starke, of Mississippi, submitted the lul- 
lowing resolution, which was also unanimously 
adopted: 

"Resolved, That the Whigs of the United States, 
having an abiding confidence in the wisdom, pa- 
Iriotiain, and integrity of the Hon. Daniel Web- 
sTf.H, who can conquer his own prejudices and in- 
duce others to do the same, when the interest of 
the country and the integrity of the Union rt quire 
it, and he therefore deserves the everlasting grati- 
tude of the .^merioan people." 

The convention then decided to proceed to the 
noiiiination of Vice President: 

FIBST BALLOT. 

ilfaiHe,— For Gi-aham, 3; Mangum, 3; Bale?, 1; 
Pearce, 1. 

New Hampshire.— For Graham, 3; Bates, 2. 

K<r»ioi;(.— For Graham, 3; Bates, 2. 
Massachusetts.— For Bates, 13. 
Rhode Island.— For Graham, 4. 

Connecticut. — For Bates, 6; Bell of Tennessee, 1. 
New ro:/i:.— For Crockett, 1; Mangum. 4; Pearce, 
2; Bates, 5; Jones, 5; Stanly, 4; Bell, 2; Williams, 3; 
Richardson, 1; Pratt, 2; lliUiard, 2; Graham, 3. 

New Jfrspj. — For Graham, 7. 

Petmsylvania.— For Bates, 10; Graham, 8; Man- 
gum, 3; FcarceS; Crittenden 1; Sunly, 2. 

Dilawiire.-For Crittenden, 3. 

Mi.rt/fand.— For Pearce, 8. 

Virginia.^For Graham, 11; Bates, 2; Geneial 
Latimer, 1. 

iVoi(/i Caro/ino.— For Graham, 10. 

South Carolina —For James L. Pettigru, S. 

Georgia —For James A. Pearce, 10. 

Alabama.— For Pearce, 6; Graham, 3. 

Mississippi. — For James A. Pearce, 7. 

Louisiana. — For Crittenden, 6 

Ohio.— For Bates, 12; Ciockett, 6; Bell, 2; Gra 
ham, 1; Stuart, 1. 

Kentucky.-For Graham, 9; Badger, 1; Bates, 2. 

Tennessee.— For Crockett, 12. 

/nf/iiwo- For Bates, 9; Graham, 1; Stuart, 1; 
Stanlv, 2. 

i;/:ftOi5.— For Bates, 11. 

Arkansas.- For Bates, 4. 

Jl/!ssouri.— F.ir Bates, 9. 

Michigan.— For Jitanly, 6. 

Florida.— For Thomas Biown, 3. 

Texas.— For Graham, 1; Pearce, 3 

Iowa. — For Bates, 4. 

IViscontin —For Rates, 5. 

Culijorna —For Graham, 2; Bates, 1; Pearce, 1. 

Jc«o;.— For Bates, 97; Graham, 74i Pearce, t3| 



THE SIGNAL 



Crockett, 19; Sonly, 14; Crittenden, 10; Man- 

fum, 10; Pettiffra, 8; Jones, 5; Bell, 4; Brown, 3; 
Villianis, 3; Richardson, 3; Pratt, 2; Stuart, 2; 
Hilliard,2; Badger, 1; Laliiiicr, 1. 

The Kentucky delegation produced a letter de 
dining- the nomination for the Vice Presidency 
fronn 5lr. Crittenden. 

Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, declined aftrr the vote 
of Maine was given him, expressing his belief that 
he could give more eeivice to the glorious Whig 
party as a high private than as a commissioned 
officer; tho', he believed others here more compe- 
tent and more descrvinff of II-:e ho"or than him- 
self; and hence he begged his friends to desist. 

SECOND BALLOT. 

Maine. — For Pearce, 4; Graham, 4. 

New JIampshire.— For Graham, 4, James L. Pet- 

l^mnont— For Graham, 5. 

Massachusills.— For Bates, 13. 

mode hland.— For Graham, 4. 

Connecticut.— For Graham, 6. 

N Yoik.—For Bates, 20; Graham, 10; Mangum,4. 

A'cio Jeisiy.~For Graham, 7. 

Pennsylvania.— For Graham, 18; Bates, 9. 

Delaware.— For Graham, 3. 

Jl/ari/Jand.— For Graham, 8. 

Virginia.— For Graham. 14. 

liorUi Carolina.— For Graham, 10. 

Scniih Carolina. —For Graham, 8. 

6'corgia —Fur Graham, 10. 

Alabama. — For^ Graham, 9. 

Misiisfippi—tor Graham, 7. 

Louisiana. — For Graham, 6. 

0/no.— For Graham, 21; Bates, 2. 

Kentxicky —For Graham, 11; Bates, 1. 

Tennessee.— For Graham, 12. 

Indiana.— For Bates, 7; Graham, 6. 

/i7tnois— For Graham, 11. 

Missonri —For Bates, 9. 

Arkansas. — For Graham, 4. 

Micliigan.— For Graham, 6. 

Florida —Fur Graham, 3. 

'/'■.TOi —For Graham, 4. 

loica —For Graham, 4. 

fFisron, in.— For Graham, 4; Bates, 1. 

C'oii/oiiiia.— For Graham, 4 

7'o(a(.— For Graham, 232; Bates, 52; Pearce, 4. 

William A. Gbaham, of North C.rolina, was 
8ubsef]urntly declared unanimously the nominee 
uf the convention for the Vice Fresidency. 

After the unanimous nomimtion of Mr. Graham 
Mr. H. W. Miller of North Carolina, rose and 
thanked the convention for the honor done hie 
State, and pledged ten thousand majority for the 
ticket. 

Mr. Jessup, of Pennsylvania, afterwards offered 
resolutions that the next convention be composed 
01 no more members than there are electoral votes, 
and proposing the appnntment of a Natiorval Com- 
mittee, with Samuel F. Vintion as chairman; and 
tliat Louisville, Ky., be the place of meeting of the 

Dr. Thomas moved to lay that part of the reso- 
lution on the table relating to the meeting of the 
next convention in Louisville, which was carried. 

A resolution was offprcd to leave the place of 
meeting to (he National Committee. 

General Coombs, of Kentucky, moved to insert 
Lexington as the place of meeting. Previous to the 
question biing called and £u=tained, the amend 
menl was rejected. The original resolution was 
then adopted; and the other resolutions of Mr. 
Jessup were adopted. 

adopted thanking th "" 



THE SIGNAL. 

CITY OF WASHINGTON, JULY I 



WHIG NOMINATIONS. 

FOR PRESIDESt,- 

VVrNFIELD SCOTT, 

Of New Jersey. 
FOR VICE PRESIDENT, 

WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, 

Of North Carolina. 



ACCEPTANCE OF THE WHIG 
NOMINATIONS. 

We publish below the letters of General 
Scott and Mr. Graham accepting the 
nominations of the Whig National Con- 
vention to the offices respectively of Pres- 
ident and Vice President of the United 
States. It will be seen that they both 
adopt the platform of the Convention, and 
that General Scott annexes it to and 
makes it a part of his reply. The letters 
of both candidate." will be read with unal- 
loyed satisfaction by the American people, 
and we look forward with entire certainty 
to the ratification of the proceedings of the 
Convention by an immense popular ma- 
jority. Already the feeling of disappoint- 
ment among the friends of the unsuccess- 
ful candidates yields to the republican ne- 
cessity of acquiescence in the will of the 
majority — and the popular enthulhiasm, 
which the recital of General Scott's 
achievments cannot fail to arouse, will 
acquire new strength and impulse every 
day that they are canvassed. The "ex- 
amination" of his life, to which the vet- 
eran alludes in his letter of acceptance, 
will present a record tarnished by no dis- 
honor, but blazoned all over wiih illustri- 
ous deeds and patriotic services. 



an apprehension that by remainiriff in the Cab- 
iriet, while in the field as a candidate fur office, 
he may cause embarrassment to the Administra- 
tion. While we cannot but respect the senti- 
ment which induces Mr. Graham to pursue 
this course, we sincerely regret that he has 
deemed it necessary; and the more so, because 
we have reason to know that his intercourse 
with the President and his Administration 
has been uniformly amicable, confidential, and 
satisfactory. We understand that, at the ur- 
gent request of the PRESfDENT, Mr. Graham 
will remain for some days in the Department, 
with the view of completing some important 
business that remains unfinished, and of arrang- 
ing such matters as require immediate atten- 
tion. He will then retire to North Carolina, 
and, in the inidst of his old friends and con.sti- 
tuents, await the result of the election. 



nd the Comi 

izing the Pr« sident to notify the nomir 

election. The following i's the Nali 



Maine, Wm. 
on F. Stevens; 
Vermont, Geo. G. H.;dges; Massachusetts, Hon. S. 
X,incoln; Rhode Island, Uubt. B. Franci,-; Con- 
necticut, H. G. Hazzard; New York, Simeon 
Draper ; New Jersey, Wm. N. Wood ; Pcnn 
sylvania, A. G. Curtis; Delaware, John M. 
riayton; Maryland, Hon. Alex. Evans; Virginia, 
Wm. U. McFarland; North Carolina, H. VV. 
Miller; South Cnrchna, George S. Bryan; Georgia, 
Seaton Grantland; Alabama, Colonel J. Darring 
ton; Mississippi, Wil-iam A. Lake; Louisiana, J 
G- SeyiTiOur; Ohio, William T. Bascom; Kpntucicy 
James Kailan; Tennessee, George F. Zollicotfer; 
Indiana, J. D. Dtfreca; Illinois, Abram Lincoln 
Missouri, A. B Chiimbcrs; Arkaneas, Genera 
Thomas James; Michigan, J. M. Edwards; Flori 
da.B.F. Allen; Texas, 
S. M. Ballar. ; VViscoi 
California, Colonel R. 1 
Alter speeches from i 
convention adjourned : 



jilio- From lite Republic of June 2'J. 

Acceptances of ttlc Whig Noiikiuees, 

We publish below the correspondence be- 
tween the President uf the late Whig Con- 
yenliun and its nominees lor the Presidency 
and Vice Presidency of the United States. 
The letter of General Scott is looked for with 
great interest, and will be read with unalloyed 
satisfaction. It will be seen that General 
Scott adopts the resolutions communicated to 
him, annexing them and making them a part of 
his letter of acceptance; so that they carry his 
name to every part of the land associated and 
identified with the platform of the Whig Con- 
vention. 

In publishing the letter ot Mr. Graham, 
we regret to accompany it with the announcc- 
es Riley; Iowa, I menl that he has tendered the resignation of 
his place as Secretary OF THE Navy. He has 
been prompted to this course by a delicate — 
perhaps over-delicate — sense of propriety; and 



General Chapman to General Scoll. 

Baltimore, June 22, 1852. 

Sir: I am instructed by the Whig National Con- 
vention to inform you of your unanimous nornina- 
tion as (he Whig candidate for the office of Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

1 enclose a copy of resolutions passed by the con- 
vention expressing theiropinions upon some of tho 
most prominent questions of national policy, and 
with sincere wishes that you may be elected, and 
for the permanent settlement of the principles of 
the Whig party. 

1 have the liot!or to be, very respectfully, your 
obedient servant, 

J. G. CHAPMAN, of Maryland, 
President of the Whig National Convention. 
To Major General Winfield Scott 
[For resolutions, see proceedings of Convention.] 
Reply of General Scott. 

Washington, June 24, ISSa. 

Sir : I have had the honor to receive from your 
hanils the ( ffirial notice of my "unanimous nomi- 
nation as the Whig candidate lor the ofBce of Pre- 
tident of the Uidtid States," together with "a 
copy of the rciolulions pasfod by the convention 
expreeaing their opinions upon some of the iiio?t 
prominent questions of national policy." 

This great distinction, conferred by a numerous, 
intelligent and patriotic body, representing mil- 
lions uf my countrymen, sinlts deep into my heart; 
and remembering the very eminent namf-s which 
were before the convention in amicable competi- 
tion with my own, I am made to feel, opprese-ively , 
the weight of responsibility belonging to my new 
position. 

Not having written a word lo procure this dis- 
tinction, I 1, St not a moment, alter it had been 
conferred, in adJrcDsing a letter to one cf your 
members to signily v/hat would be, at the proper 
time, the substance of my reply to the convention; 

mal manner, as the occasion justly demands, th.it 
cept the nomination, with the resolutions an- 



,d measures laid down 
e so broad that but lUtlc i.s 
therefore barciy auggeet, in 
by the partiality of my 



than E. A 



sPrcsidenland others, the 



nexcd. 

The political principl 
in those resolutions are 
left for me to add. I 
thispl.ace, that should 

countrymen, betievated to the Chief Magistracy of 
the Union, I shall bo ready, in my connexi.in with 
Congress, to recommend or to approve o!' inci- 
sures in regard to the management of '.he pubiio 
domain so as to secure an early settlement tf the 
same fivorabio to actual settlers, but consistcr.t 
nevertheless with a due regard to the eqoal rights 
of the whole American people in that vast national 
inheritance; and also to recommend or .-ipprovo of 
asiuglealteraiioninour naturalizuion laws, sug- 
gested by my mibtnry experience, viz: giving to all 
foreigners the right of ci:iz nship who shall faith- 
fully'^eerviin lime of war one year on board of 
our public ihips, or in our latid forpee, regular oc 



THE SIGNAL 



valuntecr, oa their rcct-iving an honorable dis- 
charge from the service. 

In rearartl to the g-encral policy of the adininie- 
tration, if elected, I ehouivi of course look among- 



of an 


ad Hi i I 


islrat 


on of llie G 


ove 


nment of 


for n 


or tw 


[) years I have bee 


1 a 


member. 


other 


3 they 


but r 


eiterate the 


doc 


rinea and r 


mend 


ationa 


held 


by its chief 


in 


important 






ay approve 



for the 



agents icomc 



to carry It into execution; and I ehould scelc to j 
cullivato harmony and fraternal sentiments I 
throug-hout the Whig' party, without attempting ti. i 
ic<lucc it3 members by proscription lo exact co :■ | 
formity to my own views. But,l should, at the 
same time, be rigorous in reofard to quilifications 1 
for o(lii-e— retaininpr and appointing no one either | 
deficient in capacity ar integrity, or in devo'ion to j 
liberty, to ihcContlitulion, and the Union. 

Convinced tliat harmony or good v>'ill between j 
the different quarters of our broad country is essen 
tial to the present and future intert-jlaof the Repub- 1 
lie, and with a duvtion lo those interests that can j 
know no South and no North, I should neither! 
countenance nor tolerate any sedition, disorder, 
(action, or resistance to the law, or the Union, on 
any pretext in any part of tlie land; and I should 
catry into the civil administration this one princi- 
ple of military conduct— obedience to the legiala 
live and judicial departments of Government, each 
in its constitutional sphere— saving only, in respect 
to the Legislature, the possible resort to the veto 
power— always to bcinost cautiously exercised, and 
under the strictest restraints and necessities. 

Finally, for my strict adherence lo the principles 
of tlie Whig party as cxpresaed in the resolutions 
ol the convention, r.nd horei^i s uggested with a sin- 
cere and earnest p^upcsc lo advance the greatness 
and happiness of Ih^ Ilcpublic, and thus to cherish 
and encourage the cause of constitutional liberty 
throughout the world, avoii'ing every art and 
thought that might involve our country in an un 
just or unnecissary war, or impair the faith of Irea 
tics, and discountenancing all poliiicKl agitation 
injiirious to the interests of suciety and dangerous 
to the Union, 1 can ofTer no other plidge or ffua 
rantco than the known incidents ol a long public 
I fo, now undergoing the severest examination. 

Feeling myeclf liijjiily fortunate in iny asso- 
ciate on the ticket, and with a lively sense of my 
obligations to Uie conven ion, and to your personal 

! have the honor !o remain, sir, wilii great ca 
teem, your ujost obedient servant. 

To the Hon. J G. Cn 

Whig National Coiivc 

General Chapman to Mr. Graham. 

Baltibiohe, June 22, 1S52. 

Sib: I am Instructed by the Whig N.Alional Con 
vention to inform you of yuur unanimous noinina- 
tion as the Whig candiilate tor the office of Vice 
President of the United Slates. 

I enclose a copy of the resolutions passed by the 
convention, expressing Iheir opinions upon eoino oi 
the inutt prominent questions of national policy, 
and with sincere wishes that you may be elected, 
uiul for the permanent settlement ol the principles 
ol the Whig party. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your 
obedient setTant, 

J. G. CKAFMAH, 
President of the Whig National Convention. 
Hon. William A. Gcaham, of North Ciirolina. 

Ilejdij of M-. Graham. 

Waeiii.ngton, June 21, 1852. 

Sir: I am gratified to acknowledge th= receipt 
ol the communicatioa which you did n;c the honor 
to deliver in person on yesterday, announcing my 
unanimous nomination, as the Whig ct^nelidate for 
the omceof Vice President of the United States by 
the National Convention which recently ossorn- 
l)!ed in Uallimorc, accompanied by a copy of (he 
resolutions of the convention upon quesliuna of na- 
tional principle and policy. 

I cordially approve the eleclarations made by 

practical interest they do but portray the conduct 



hich will to all nation.=, and entangling alliances 
om- ^^''^ none ; these are the principles that 
jblic compose the Whig platform, which has 
ij^^.^ been promulgated by the Whig ConVen- 
n,8o tion, and accepted by the Whig candidate. 
True it is that the Democratic party 



Id the people of the United Stattes give I 
sanction to the nominations of your conventior 
far as 1 shall be invested with authority, a fail 
adherence to these doctrines may be expected. j • ii • /-. t- ^ 

1 therefore accept the distinction, so honorably have passed in their Convention resolu- 
tendercd, with a grateful heart, but with unaf- (ions in favor of the Compromise, which 

fected diflidencc. It is a satisfaction, however, to t ,, , > i i ■ ii • ,-^ • i 

know that the place to which I have been „„™. | they had denounced in their Congressional 

nated is but secondary, and that for the first otSce jcaUCUS, and repudiated by the lips of their 
the convention has proposed a citizen of tried pa-l^^^^ prominent speakeis in the House of 
triotism and virtue, long and familiarly acquainted i t ' 

with public offairo and public men, A safe and Representatives. But those resolutions 
sagacious couu«iior, who has well fulfilled every _g^g g^^j^^.jgj upon the Convention after 

trust heretofore committed lo his hands, and who I ... . . . 

has illustrated our history by eminent public ser jthe nomination, in the noise and confusion 

"Kfs. lof a closing session, and under circum- 

With my thanks for the courtesy with which you I il ■ ,i -n ■ -n j 

have honored me, in the execution of your office, j stances which authorize the Evening Post, 
and with the highest personal respect, 1 am your jthe JlHas, and other Democratic journals 
obedient servant, ^^^^ ^ GRAHAM, jof the North, to deny that they had ever 
The Hon. J. G Chapman, President National received the sanction of a majority of that 
Whig C onvention. ' u j tr i u i j 

THE WHIG PLATFORM. l"."'^" "^ "''"^ T r f71 

, ,. , , ,. ^ since Mr. Preston King repuiiiated the 

We publish, among the proceedings of _, . . ' . ir , t«t-i. i. 

, ^ -^ . , ,,, I Compromise in the House t Who has 

the Convention, the Whig platform, asL ,. ,, ■ c ■■ j c r^ 

., . ^ , r, -1 I forgotten the infamous tirade of Governor 

authenticated by the votes of the President I ^ ° , ,„, ,, , , , ^, ,. 

. ,. , „ ■ T ■ I Cleveland? Who that has read the cold- 

and Secretaries ol the Convention. It is , , , , . r nr c r -i * 

,.,,,„ , blooded speech of Mr. Floyd fails to re- 

everv thing that the Whig party can de-i , ., , „„ . _ , ,,,, 

^ ° , , . .'^ •'. ,. I member it? Where is Rantoul ? Where 

sire, setting forth an administrative policy L. , ^^l tt , Tin 

,' ,. . ° ... ,. , -^ i Moloney ? Where Venable ? Where 

and political principles which must com- 1 ^ , ,„, ,, n- r^ , 

\ . , , ,. , , , I Campbell? Where the Fire Eaters gen- 

raend it, and the candidate who stands i „ , ,„, , t^ c^ ■■, ,.11 

. ' . . ^ , . erally ? Where the Free Sellers? All 

upon it, to the great maionty of the Amer-i , ,, „ ,. , ,c i- 1 

'^ ° ■> •' 'crowded together upon the platform which 



ican people. The voters are heartily tired 



their leading presses repudiate, and their 



of the common places and platitudes of I, ,. ,, , ,, , 

, ,, .^ ^ ,, ' ,, . : leading men, north and south, have never 

the \iRGiNi A Democracy: the do-nothing I °, . , ^ •,, .mo n 

, , , ,.,. . , ,. „ , "laccepted in good faith. The Southern 

school of politicians, who abjure all fhel ^ . ° , ,., . ,, 

. , ' _, •* P/-MS remains as hostile as ever to the 

essential powers ol the Constitution, i . o-i m v i n i j 

,,.,,, , , . ICompromise. The New York Post de- 

and build themselves up on abstractions 1 .-,,•.., . ^ , 

/„ . . jnouncingit as bitterly as ever, and protests 

and negations. General Pierce rejoices , ., . , , , ,• . ,. t^ 

. , ° r, ■ , , r J 'that rts pretended adoption by the De.mo- 

in the honor of having been put forward, I ,. ^ ,■■/,.> 1 

. , ^ . , , ^r ,^, . icraticConventionisafrauduponthepeople. 

in the first instance, by Virginia. This , , , .. • , r .. • 

' •' ,, . I Indeed, if we can judge from their ante- 

he regards as the most acceptable circum- 
stance attending his nomination, and so 
announces it. It is this fact which renders 
him so much of a favorite with the South 



'cedents, it is clearly impossible that the 
men who, for six months in Congress, 
have been denouncing the Compromise 



„ ,. , , ,- , T^ ,iand all concerned in it — who waged a 

Carolina branch of the Democracy, and , . , ■ .■ • * ,i rr • 

,, , , ,^ _ , . ,. , , ,iwar of extermination against the L/mo:i 

calls forth Mr. Orr as his first and most , , , ^ •. ■ 

^, a .newspaper solely on account 01 its inain- 

thorough-goiiig champion on the floor of . . ^ ^ . ^, "^ r ■,■ . . 

° ° ." . I tenance of the measures of adjustment — 

the House ol Representatives. 1 , , .1 • j ■ 1 -n 

. , , . who have sympathized on one side with 

The economical conduct of government; , .^^ • i t^ i ^ ii -u 

, , ." , . 'the National -Bra, and on the other with 

'a lust discrimination in levying duties, so , n .i_ n -i ■ • -n ti, 1 

, ■' •' ° the Southern P/-M5 — it is impossible that 

as to prevent fraud, and to encourage! . i, 1 1 1 • tu ■ r „^ 

I ^ . f such men should have given their free aa- 

Awerican labor: the exercise of thei , , ... , . , ■ a- , 

sent to a resolution which was in direct 
constitutional power to open and repair 1 , ,1 ■ 1 „ii < 

•^ '■ ^ ■ repugnance to their votes as well as to 

(harbors, and remove obstructions from I / . , rn ' r + i,,,, 

,. , ' their speeches. Therefore we cannot but 
navigable rivers ; a due reverence for the 1 . ,., , ,, .■ <■ ,1 m , 

° ^' , . , TT ■ -.kive credit to the assertion of the New 

rights, of the States, and of the United jy^^,^ p^^^^ ,[^^j ^^^ resolution to which 
States"; the maintenance of the laws andj^^^ j.^j-^^ ^^^^ ^^^ sanctioned by a majority 
the Constitution; fidelity to the series of Lf j^g Demockatic Convention, 
acts known as the compromise; fidelity! With regard to the Whig platform tiu»re 
to the ancient policy of peace and good ican be no doubt that it embodies the creed 



II !: SIGN A L 



II 



and the principles of the Whig organiza- 
tion. It was adopted in the light of day, on 
a fidl vote, by a large majority, with a mi- 
nority whose strength was ascertained and 
counted, and who cannot abjure the plat- 
form of the Convention without t,eparating 
themselves from the organization to which 
they claim to belong. Whatever may 
have been the binding force of the Com- 
promise as a party test, while it enjoyed 
merely the sanction of a Whig administra- 
tion, or a Whig Congressional caucus; 
when it was once adopted by a convention 
of Whig delegates fresh from the people, 
promulgated as a vital part of the Whig 
creed, and accepted by their candidate as 
tlie ground on which he was ready to 
stand or fall before the American people, 
it is conclusive as to the obligations of a 
Whig — pure and simple — however it may 
be received by the crazy professors of all 
the isms under heaven. 

And to us it is a matter of slight gratifi- 
cation, that the platform adopted by the 
Whigs in council is based on the policy 
and principles which have been set forth 
in the messages of President Fillmore, 
and eininently exemplified in his Admin- 
istration. A more marked and signal com- 
pliment could not have been paid to the 
Administration than this recognition by 
tlie convention of the wisdom and patriot 
i^m of its course. We enter the canvass 
ill the maintenance of all the measures and 
all the principles which wc have deemed 
it our duty hitherto to support — cheered 
and encouraged by the full endorsement 
of the Whig National Convention. With 
tills platform, and in the illustrious name of 
WiNFiELn Scott, we consider our t 
uniphant success as certain as that the 
day of election dawns upon the American 
people. 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Thirteen j'ears ago, when the Whigs 
i)f the Union were canvassing the merits 
of their favorites, previously to going into 
Convention for the selection of a Presi- 
dential candidate, wc had occasion to 
ypeak of General Scott. The Whigs of 
Oneida county, in the State of New York, 
through one of their organzations, had 
adopted resolutions suggesting his name 
for tiie Presidency, coupled with the ex- 
pression of a determination to abide by 
the decision of the Convention. In com- 
menting on this movement, we expressed 



the opinion that public sentiment had set- 
tled upon Mr. Clay as the next Whig 
candidate, and we added, what may not 
be improperly reproduced in this connex- 



" But notwithstanding our conviction 

■ that Mr. Clav is the first choice of a 

• large majority of the Whigs, we are well 

■ aware that other candidates have numer- 
■ous friends and sujiporters. Of this 
'■ number is General Harrison. Nor has 
' any one more ardent and attached friends 

• than General Scott ; and we have no 
' doubt that he wdl one day be elevated to 
'the Presidency, and discharge its duties 
' with infinite honor to himself and satis- 
' faction to the country. This belief we 
' do not now express for the first time ; 
' and we shall hail with joy the day that 
' witnesses its accomplishment. We are 
'gratified, therefore, with every indication 
' of public favor towards this distinguished 
' man ; and if there should appear in the 
' Convention an unexpected change in 
' what now seems a settled public opinion 
' and General Scott should go into the 
' Convention with a majority of the Whig 
' members from the Whig States, we have 
'no doubt that the party without a solitary 
' exception would yield him a most hearty 
' and cordial support. Such also will be 
' the case, we have as little doubt, in the 
'event of the selection of I\Ir. Clay; a 
' selection that now seems almost beyond 
' the reach of contingency, and that seems 
' better calculated than any other to de- 
' velopc the full strength of the Whig 
' party. 

"As long as the friends of the re;-pec- 
' tive candidates exprcsi a determination 
' to abide by the decision of the Conven- 
' tion, we care not what resolutions they 
' adopt, or how early they prepare for the 
' content. Give all the candidates a fair 
'field and a fair chance — let no Whig en- 
' list his sympathies too warmly for any 
' man ; but let every one hold himself in 
' a position to give a cordial support to that 
' candidate who shall be the choice of a ma- 
'jority of the Whig party as represented 
'in the Coavention. We may liave pre- 
' dilections and partialities, but we must 
' renounce them. We may prejudices 
' and antipathies, but we must lay them 
' aside. There is a disposition among the 
' Whigs, a growing disposition, to act upon 
'these principles. Wherever there are 
'Whig votes to be given, the feeling is 
' universal ; and the only dissent from it 
' is in some quarters where the Whigs are 
' in a hopeless and helpless minority. Dis- 
' affection or perverseness in such quarters 
' can neither governor the course of the 
' Whig paity, nor impair the prospects of 
' the VVhig candidate." 

The sentiments thus expressed were 
believed to be good Whig doctrine in 
1839, and will be held, we doubt not, 
■equally good Whig doctrine in 1852. 
WiNFiELD Scott is now before the Amer- 



ican people as the crndidate of the Whig 
National Convention for the Presidency 
of the Unitc'd States. He has been nomi- 
nated upon a declaration of principles 
made by the Convention and accepted by 
the candidate. In his person he repre- 
sents the opinions and the policy of the 
great Whig party, and we doubt not that 
he will ultimately unite all the members of 
that party in his cordial support. Some 
expressions of disappointment and disaffec- 
tion we have expected and have heard. 
Such expressions we should have expect- 
ed and have heard, whoever had been 
the successful candidate. Time heala 
and reconciles the difi^erences which gave 
rise to them. The first ebullition of feel- 
ing gone — and the sparks struck out by 
the collision of conflicting opinions and 
interests are soon buried in the ashes of 
the past. 

It is not our present purpose to compare 
the personal merits, services, and claims of 
WiNFiELD Scott with those of the oppos- 
ing candidate. It is sufficient in this con- 
nexion to say, that General Scott is a 
Whig of the school of Henry Clay ; and 
that General Pif.rce is a Democrat of the 
school of John C. Calhoun. General 
Scott is the friend of a discriminating 
tariff of protection ; of the improvement 
of our harbors and rivers ; and the distri- 
bution of the public lands or their pro- 
ceeds for the common benefit of all the 
States. General Pierce is opposed to all 
national improvements ; to all protection 
of domestic labor against foreign competi- 
tion ; and to any other use of the i)ublic 
domain than the appropriation of its reve- 
nue to the ordinary expenditures of 
Government. General Scott is the fiiend 
of the time-honored policy of Washing- 
ton, with regard to foreign nations ; Gen- 
eral Pierce, as his policy is unfolded by 
his great champion, Mr. Douglass, casts 
a longing eye upon all the islands on both 
sides of the continent, to the " middle 
channel" of the Atlantic and ths Pacific ; 
and desires that the Gulf of Mexico and 
the Caribbean sea shall be regarded as 
close waters, designed solely for Ameri- 
can occupation, and excluding all the rest 
of the world. 

To all true Whigs, therefore, we deem 
it Eufiicient to say, that General Scott is 
one of their own faith; and that General 
Pierce is of an opposite political peisua- 
sion. But this is not the only title of tho 



12 



THE SIGN A 



Whig candidate to the sufTrages of Whigs. 
Through more than forty years of public 
,-ervice, he has never been found wanting. 
He has never withdrawn from any field of 
labor to which he has been called by his 
country. Whether his duties have been 
civil or military, he has always been abun- 
dantly able to cope with them, and has 
always discharged them in a manner that 
has added to his own fame, and has min- 
istered to the glory and prosperity of the 
Republic. His peaceful negociatioas have 
uniformly been attended with success. 
His military operations have made his 
name familiar throughout the world, and 
have covered the arms of his country with 
undying glory. Therefore it is, we be- 
lieve that his countrymen will be rejoiced 
to recognize and reward his toils, his perils, 
his services, by the highest mark of their 
grateful approbation. Therefore it is, we 
believe that he is destined to be elevated 
to the highest place in their power to be- 
stow. 

Rally, then, Whigs of the Union, south 
and west, north and east! You have a 
leader whose career is alike radiant with 
victories of the field, and blazoned by the 
bloodless triumphs of peace. You have a 
CAUSE, which, if you falter not nor fail, 
will be vindicated in the light of your de- 
clared principles, and established by the 
voices and in the hearts of the people. 



(GENERAL PIERCE'S ''NEGATIVE 
STREXGTH." 
We have been somewhat amused by the 
l>arade making in the Locofoco journals, 
in regard to what they call very humor- 
ously the "negative strength" of their 
Presidential candidate. This seems to us 
very much as if we should praise a woman 
for her '-negative beauty" — or a trades- 
man for his "negative honesty." And 
yet there is a curious felicity in this phrase 
as applied to General Pikrce. His whole 
career, civil and political, is made up of 
negatives of the most extraordinary char- 
acter ; and its strength, therefore, if it is 
not negative, is nothing. 

Mr. Pierce is a very clever gentleman, 
but what he has done in this world to oc- 
riipy eight mortal columns of the news- 
papers, with broad columns and small type, 
his best friends will be the most puzzled 
to answer. We have read the whole 
ght columns, as they appeared originally 
onPoit, and have been copied 



in the 



read them with amazement. His worst 
enemies could not have wished for a more 
opportune or fatal publication. 

Three columns of the eight are devoted 
to the connexion of General Pierce with 
the Mexican war. This is simply ludic- 
rous. We had hoped for the sake of an 
amiable man that his friends would not 
seek to make a hero or a soldier of him. 
General Pierce knows as well as any one 
how little he deserves such a reputation. 
From the first moment he landed in Mex- 
ico, General Pierce relied entirely on the 
advice and directions of the young officers 
of the regular army, who were in his staff, 
or within his reach. He never hesitated 
to avow his entire ignorance of military 
affairs, and his absolute unfitness for his 
new employment, and in this he showed 
much more good sense than bis friends do 
in claiming a military character for him. 
We have no doubt that he is a brave man, 
but he possesses no military aptitude; and 
he resigned his commission the first mo- 
ment he could do it with propriety, avow- 
ing that he had mistaken his vocation. It 
may well be that he wouW have distin- 
guished himself by his gallantry, if he 
had been favored with an occasion; but 
a succession of accidents and misfortunes 
withdrew him from the field on several 
critical moments, just as the time arrived 
for winning laurels. 

But the difficulty in General Pierce's 
case is more deeply seated than this. It 
is not merely that his military character is 
one of exclusively "negative strength," 
but his civil career is equally remarkable 
in this regard. He was some years in the 
New Hampshire legislature, and it is not 
pretended that he accomplished anything 
worthy of mention in that interesting as- 
sembly. 

As a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the United States in June, 
1836, he voted against the bill " making 
additional appropriations for the Delaware 
breakwater, and for certain harbors, and 
removing obstructions in and at the mouths 
of certain rivers, and for other purposes, 
for the year 1836." It cannot be claimed 
that he rendered any particular service by 
this vote, for the bill was passed, and a 
few days afterwards received the signa- 
ture of General Jackson. 

At the same session Mr. Pierce voted 
against the bill "making appropriations 



nto the Washington Union. We have I for the improvement of certain harbors 
therein mentioned." This was a " nega- 
tive," but not a very effective one; for 
this bill, in spite of Mr. Pilrce's nega- 
tion, passed both Houses of Congress; 
and was signed by General Jackson. 

At the same session he voted against 
"the bill to continue the Cumberland 
road in the States of Ohio, Indiana, and 
Illinois.'''' This vote, too, was of as little 
consequence as any thing that ever hap- 
pened to Mr. Toots. The bill received 
a majority of votes in both branches of 
the legislature, and received the signa- 
ture of General jAckso^. 

These are the prominent points of his 
career in the House. , As far as the coun- 
try is concerned, it was certainly of no 
"consequence." We do not think that 
these votes call very loudly on the Amer- 
ican people to make him President. 

We next find him in the Senate : In 
the session of I837-'38, he voted against 
a Harbor and River bill that was voted for 
by Mr. Wright and Mr. Buchanan. 
But in this case, also, his vote was of no 
sort of "consequence." At the same 
session he voted, in a minority of six, 
against a bill for the benefit of the Ala- 
bama, Florida, and Georgia Railroad Com- 
pany ; which was a measure of such a 
character that even Mr. Calhoun and 
iMr. Grundy voted for it ; In such a mi- 
nority, of course, his vote was of as little 
consequence as usual. 

At the same session a bill was before the 
Senate for the " benefit of the Mount Caf- 
mel and New Albany Railroad Company, in 
the State of Indiana," providing for a grant 
of alternate sections along the road, the 
company contracting to carry ike mail for 
twenty years loithout charge to the Govern ■ 
ment; which would pay the Government 
at the rate of one dollar and six cents for 
each acre granted. Mr. Clay and Mr. 
Webster voted for this bill. Mr. Pierce, 
true to his anti-improvement interests, 
voted with the minority against it. 

Whilst in the Senate, he voted and 
made a speech against the bill for the re- 
lief of the widow of the lamented General 
Harrison. But here, too, the vote ol 
Mr. Pierce was entirely inconsequential. 
The bill became a law; and the widow 
received the poor pittance which Mr. 
Pierce would have withheld, and which 
was but a slight token of a nation's grat- 
itude for the services of one of hrr most 
Uustrious sons. 



THE SIGNAL. 



13 



Here it was, too, that he took part 
against the bill for the relief of the heirs 
of Robert Fulton; a bill that was af- 
terwards passed by a Democratic Congress, 
and was approved without hesitation by 
President Polk. 

Here it was, too, that he voted in a 
minority of four Senators against the 
Fortification bill. 

Nor should we omit to mention, that 
during his Congressional career he made 
a speech against the West Point Acade- 
my, though it is true that after the Mexi- 
can war he retracted his opinions, and 
testified to the great importance of that 
institution in enabling us to achieve our 
Mexican victories. 

Subsequently to all this he resigned his 
seat in the Senate. We do not seek to 
deprive him of all the "negative strength" 
he can derive from this circumstance. 

Still subsequently, he declined to serve 
his country again in the capacity of Sena- 
tor, on the invitation of Governor Steele. 
Still subsequently, he added to his "ne- 
gative strength" by declining to serve his 
country in the capacity of Attorney Gen- 
eral, on his appointment to that office by 
President Polk. 

Afterwards, as a member of the New 
Hampshire convention for the amendment 
of the State constitution, he took an active 
part in favor of abolishing the religious 
test which had so long disgraced his State. 
Singularly enough, his friends claim great 
distinction for him because he was in 
favor of religious toleration. As if every 
one were not in favor of religious toleration 
in these days, except a few bigots in a 
benighted State like New Hampshire. 
We should as soon think of claiming 
merit for a man because he was not an 
habitual violator of the decalogue. But 
here, again, the generally inconsequential 
character of Mr. Pierce's votes and 
speeches is singularly illustrated. The 
constitution by which religious tests were 
abolished, was not adopted by the People. 
It is indeed odd to see how uniformly 
unavailing all Mr. Pierce's efforts have 
been in the way of legislative, military, 
and constitutional improvement. We 
doubt if there is a DubUc man of any 
note in the country, who has spoken, 
voted, and fought, to so little practical 
purpose. 

In thus reviewing the career of General 
Pierce, we do him no intentional inj ustice. 



We are merely developing and illustrat- 
ing the idea of his "negative strength" — 
the philosophy of which is that the man 
who has done the least for his country is 
the most eminently entitled to her honors 
and rewards. We are not of this opinion. 
We think that a little affirmative strength 
will be useful, if not absolutely necessary, 
in commending a general or a statesman 
to the confidence and consideration of his 
country. Therefore, it is, that in another 
paragraph we have given a brief record of 
the affirmative claims of General Scott. 
To our mind it is a record of more interest 
than can be made up of the most emphatic 
negations ; and as it carries its own story 
with it, we have not thought it worth 
while to embarrass the plain statement 
with any commentary. The best com- 
mentary upon it is written on the hearts 
of the American people — and will be pub- 
lished some time the next fall. 

WINFIELD SCO IT'S AFFIRMATIVE 
STilENGTH. 

Captain of light, arliliery, May, 18U8. 
Lieutenant Colonel of 2d artillery, Iziiid's regi- 
ment, July, 1813. 
Volunteers in the battle of Queeiuloicn, commands 
on the heights, and is captured, October 13,1812. 

Interferes in behalf of the captured Irishmen, 
October, 1812. 

Assists in getting the Act of Retaliation passed, 
January, 1813. 

Adjutant General of the army under Gen. Dear- 
born, at iNiagara, May, 1B13. 

Commands the advance guard iji the capture ol 
Fort George, May 27, 1813. 

Colonel of a double regiment, July, 1813. 

Commands the advance guard in the dcscejit of the 
St. Lawrence, November, 1813. 

Is made Brigadier General, iMarch 'J, 1814. 

Drills the troops in the camp of Bulialo, April, 
May, June, 1814. 

Commands the advance brigade, lighting the Bat- 
tle of Chippewa, July 5, 1814. 

Commands the advance brigade in the Battle of 
A'iagara (Lundy's Lane), July 25, 1814. 

Is badly wounded, July 25, 1814. 

Is brevetted Major General, July 25, 1814. 

Receives the honorary degree of Master of Arts, 
at Princeton, September, 1814. 

Dechnes the appointment of Secretary at War, 
February, 1815. 

Travels in Europe, March, 1S15-'1C. 

Is married, March, 1817. 

Writes the Military Institutes, 1621. 

Again travels in Europe, 1827-'28. 

Embarks on the Lakes, commanding troops for 

Black Hawk war, July 8, I83'i. 
Nurses the sick, August, 183J. 
Is cOinniissioned to treat with Indians, September, 
1832. 



Concludes tr< 
Commands ii 
Commands ii 
Sjpeech bcfon 



ities, September, 1832. 
Charleston, November, 1833. 
Florida, February, May, 1836. 
a Court of Inquiry, October, IS 



Favorable opinion of the court, October, 1836. 

Commands on the Canada frontier, Dec'r, 1837- 

Harangues the people, January, 1838. 

Maintains peace, January, 1838. 

Removes the Cherokees, May,' 1838. 

Addresses the Indians, May, 1838. 

Commands in l\\e Disputed Tfrnlori/, March, 1839. 

Corresponds with Gov. Harvey, March, 1839. 

Receives votes in the Whig Convention for the 
Presidency, December, 1839. 

Supports General Harrison, 1840. 

Nominated for the Presidency by the State Con- 
vention of Pennsylvania, 1842. 

Ordered to Mexico, November 23, 18 IG. 

Lands at Vera Cruz, March 10, 1847. 

Captures San Juan dt Ulloa, March 27, 1847. 

ninstlie Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 18, 1847. 

Enters the city of Puebta, May 15, 1847. 

Commands the army of Mexico in the battle cf 
Conlreras, August 19, 1847. 

In the battle of Churubusco, August 20, 1847. 

In the battle of Molino del Rey, Sept. 8, 1847. 

In the storm of Chapultepec, Sept. 13, 1847. 

Captures the City of Mexico, September 14, 1847. 

Levies contributions for the comfort of the army, 
September 18, 1847. 

Devises a system of revenue, November, 1847. 

Appears before a Court of Inquiry, April, 1848. 

Returns home, May, 1848. 

Is received by the corporation of New York with 
military and civic honors, May, 1848. 

Nominated by the National Whig Convention for 
the Presidency, June 21, 1852. 



On Monday evening, the 2Sth, the rati- 
fication took place in front of the City 
Hall. Thousands of persons were pre- 
sent. A salute of thirty-one guns was 
fired. A ntimber of beautiful transparen- 
cies were added to those of the previous 
occasion. The Whigs of the various wards 
marshalled under their respective banners, 
and repaired at an early hour to the scene 
of the grand demonstration. 

Walter Lenox, esq., the President of 
the meeting, delivered a brief but eloquent 
address, and olTered a series of resolutions 
which express unqualified approval of the 
action of the Baltimore Convention and a 
determination to yield to the nominees a 
cordial and energetic support. 

The meeting was subsequently address- 
ed by the Hon. J. W. Miller, of New Jer- 
sey ; J. R. Chandler, of Pennsylvania ; 
James T. Morehead, of North Carolina ; 
William Cullum, of Tennessee; Solomon 
Foot, of Vermont ; Col. Williams, of Ken- 
tucky ; Samuel W. Parker, of Indiana ; 
and Richard Yates, of Illinois. 

The meeting was then closed by th«5 



14 



THE SIGNAL. 



Binglng of a fine song by Mr. Spencer, of 
Florida, in the chorus of which the whole 
assemblage joined. 



FIRST RESPONSES TO THE NOMINA- 
TIONS. 
On the reception in this citv of the news ! ti.at t 

, „ " , . , , which 

of the nominations for the rresidency and | myself, 

Vice Presidency made by the Whig Na- *"^"'' 



ocratic party, my hopea for the prosperity of this 
country, the stability of its institutions, and the 
perpetuity of the Union, depend upon the aecen 
dency ofWhi? nieaeures. [Prolonged cheering.] 

A Voice. 'Three cheers for the old North 
Stale! , . . 

[In response, three hearty and cutLu3iastic 
cheers were given.] , ,,. , 

Mr. Graham. Thank you, g-entlemcn, for that. 

I look uDon this nomination as a compliment to 

:d3t, that noble old Whig State, ol 

i prou.1 to be a citizen, rather than to 



llow-citiz°i 



I did not expect this visit. It 
lom.'^nta since 1 heard of this nomi. 

tional Convention at Baltimore, tlie Whigs ,"„^'j-x"a!nStxpVeL°\o'';^t"m''rthl,lk°for"'.hT3 

here immediately assembled, and proceed- ;X?'rVesuR of'l^IXit^frirn,"^^ coT- 

ed with a band of music to the residence vcntionat Baltimore 

him of the Mr. G. then withdrew amidst deafening 



of General Scott, to app: 

fact. On their arrival, the band played j cheers, 
" Hail to the Chief," when General Scott, 
having been informed of the object of the 
procession, appeared at the balcony, and 
addressed the assemblage, as follows : 
Gentlemen ; Thii 



ndness touches my heart 
es: from my near neighbors ar 
ity of Waehingto 



first political greeting 

manifestation of your 

ply, cjuiing, a* i! 



valed to that 
he Baltimore 



Q has been ' 
rigreeable to nriyaell. This city was laid out ui 
the eye and direction of ihe immortal Wash 
ton, ■in-! I trust the prosperity of the city will • 
liiiue to advance with the growth of the- Un 

i:n I of him \v:;ucie name it bears. 

1 trust, ('enilemen, that so long ."b 1 shall 
lir.ue amo'iigat you the same friendly relal 
will br ruitivated, whether lent 
tl.c. position of a .soldier or shall be 
oi Chief JUgiEtratc. 

Ge.illcnicn, the high honor whic 
Couvenvion has con/erred upon me, over my illus- 
trious an.;l friendly rivala-the Chief M.iginrate of 
Ihe country and the Secretary of Si;iic, already 
known to fame— was wholly unmeriled, and will 
be a causi for my making still gre.iler efforts to 
nitrit the approbation of my country and of that 

1 know tin', much anxiety and many trials are 
u, 1„ ;, , , li. , ,_;:i before the ratification of the 
p., , ' .1 I,, 1 i', I, Whether it shall confirm 
;.,.„ ,,.:ntionor not, Icliall besatis. 

lie, I, : ,. i ,.::■ ,^ 1 .1 it Will be coolcrred upon a 
Ml. II' u- 1. 1 , .1 J >vj ic confidence and support. In 
whatever poiUion I may be placed, it sh.ill con 
tiiiUL- to bt the great aim of my life to discharge 
my duty to my country. 

it 1 should be elevated to that di^iut 
tl.mfor which I have been n.;.;;, \ 
to conduct mysellaa to merit I !), , 
you have so kindly bestowed u,- , 
Gentlemen, you find me greatly i; :. 
hauited, and for the prfsent 1 cm •.•m; 
for this kind congratulation— the fir=l 
which I have ever leccivcd-and bid y 



The procession ne.xt visited the White 
House ; and, in response to enthusiastic 
and protracted cheering, President Fill- 
more appeared at one of the windows, 
and said : 



Fellow-Citizsns: Permit m.-- to return you iny 
hearty thanks for this most unexpected visit. You 
have, indeed, taken me by surprise, for I was fast 
asleep when your drum aroused me. [Great laugh 
!cr and cheers.] Nevertheless, fellow-citizens, this 
compliment is not the less welcome to my heart 
because it was unexpected. 1 return you a thou- 
sand thousand thanks. But, gentlemen, these honors 
are due to the lijtng not the scUing sun. Whether 
rising or setting, however, my heart is always 
with you, no matter who may be your standard- 
bearer. [Loud cheers.] 

Again, fellow citizens, permit mo to return you 
my most cordial thanks lor this attention, add re- 
quest you to bestow your hongra upon Gciieral 
Scott. [Great cheering.] 



Robert Farnham, Stanislaus Murray, Georgo 
Watlerston, Thomas Donoho, Thoma.-i Miller, 
James E. iMorgan, John F. Tucker, James P.TMc- 
Kean, A. B. Claxton, Daniel Campbell, Alexantler 
iMcIntire, Augustus E. Perry, Robert M. Coombs, 
Jackson Pumphrcy, R. Finley Hunt, George U. 
Dove, John Espey, Bushrod W. Reed, \V. P. 
Ferguson, Wm. T. Dove, John W. Martin. 

The following gentlemen were then appointed 



n.sned pos 



RATIFICATION MEETINGS. 
Since the nominations, ratification meetings have 
been held throughout the country, all of which 
were attcndeti with the greatest enthusiasm. 

In this city, a mass meeting was called for the 
evening of the 23d June, when thousands of per- 
sons assembled, including a large number of ladies. 
A stand for the ofKcera and speakers hati been 
erected on the southern portico. This was covered 
with American Hags, one of which had streamed 
from a United States vessel at the time the military 
',. *"iaiid naval forces approached Vera Cruz with a 
\\[\''' j view to the capture of that city and its defences. 
,,', ',,i^ ' On the west of the platform was a frame work, on 
I; y',u ' a side of which was the inscription, "The Union 
e kind I of the States;" underneath this was the represen- 
a good I tation of a bowl of smoking soup, and the words, 
! " The liero of Lundy's Lane." In front, the fol- 
lowing words were painted in large letters: "When 
the cry is that the Union is in danger, and a rally 
is made to suppoit it, I would have been a coward 
and a recreant it;. 1 had not also rallied— Winfield 
ScoTT." On the east, ihe words, " Fidelity to tl 
Constitution. Concession and harmony the ha 
binger of success." On the east of the platform 
was another set of transpatenciea, the three sides 
of which were observable from ditterent points of 
compliment of this visit, ■ view, with the inscriptions, "The Flag of the 
to the couniry upon Ihe ; Union is our Banner; Scott, Graham, and Victory 
i of the coiivi-niiun of the ' ^^^ balllc-cry. The Whigs of Washington, with 
intes assembled at Haiti- ; („.de„t and united hearts, rally round the Flag of 
, ^ , , , ... the Union." (Between these two sentences was a 

representation of a bowl of soup.; ocott, ura- 
ham, and Victory, Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Con- 
ireras, Molino del Key, Chapultepec, and Churu- 
busco, Mexico." Extending across the main pil- 
iais of the City Hall were the words, painted in 
large letters, " Scott, Graham, and the Compro- 
mise;" and at each end of the canvass was a pen- 
dent United States flag. 
Whigs of the couniry would WiLTtR Lenox, esq., was unanimously called 
11 satisfied. [Great cheering.] i ^^ preside, and on motion, the tollowiiig vice presi- 
peot to that largp > ' 



The procession then proceeded to the 
residence of the Hon. Willi.\m A. Gra- 
H.\M ; and, after beautiful and appropriate 
music by the band, Mr. Grahai.i appear- 
ed, and spoke nearly as follows : 

1 you to tender 



t the hands 



■^Sl' 



lited States, the cuun'ry, 
couniry, had reason to rx 
wouli fall upon him [Ch 
kirs in that convention ' 
ba.l the nomination fallen! 



,,,v oi-n part, with all respect to that large i ' 

I of ?ur fellow-citizens coDBtituliiig the DcRl- 1 "ents wer? chosen : 



Charles MeNamee, R. H. Laskey, George W. 
Cochran, John Tretler, and George Jilhud. 

Owing to a fall of rain, the meeting was adjourn- 
ed over till Monday evening, the 23ih. 

The Whigs of Philadelphia asgombied in large 
numbers on the 22d instant, to ratify the nomina- 
tions of Scott and Graham. Ihe Jiiquirer de- 
scribes the gathering as "a mighty one." John 
B. Myers ])rcsided, with a large array of vice 
presidents and seftetaries ; and addresses were de- 
livered by Judge Conrad, Governor Jones, (Tenn.) 
Colonel Netherland, Hon. W. Ballard Pres- 
ton, (Va.,) Hon. G. B. Ddncan, (La.,) Mr. Cobb, 
(Miss.,) and others. Resolutions in support of the 
nominations were enthusiastically adopted. A se- 
cond meeting was held in another part of Independ- 
ence Square, and passed oif with not less eclal. 
The president was James Traquair; and Hon. 
Mr. Norton, (Ohio,) Judge Jessup, Mr. Morris, 
and ex-Governor Johnston, were the speakers. 

The Ratification meeting held in the city of New 
York on the 24ih, was the largest, we are informed, 
that has been held there for years. The Journal of 
Commerce says : 

" It was a demonstration eminently worthy of 
ihe cause and of the Whig nominees. The arrange- 
ments were good, the speeches were spirited, [,a- 
triotic, and eloquent, and the enthusiasm was earnest 
and vehement."' 

The Commercial Advertiser says of it : 
"Whatever doubts some may have previously- 
entertained respecting the acceptance of the nomi- 
nation of ScoTT and Graham by the Whigs of 
New York cily must have been dispelled by the 
immense gathering of Whigs last evening for the 
purpose of ratifying the choice of the Convention. 
The numbers and the enthusiasm were evidence of 
something more than acquiescence. They gave 
promise of an earnest zeal, which may well be 
an augury of success. The Clubs camo 
up in strong force and high spirits, with torches, 
banners, and music, evincing a strength and per- 
fectncss ol organization for which we certainly 
were not prepared, and every thing wore a cheer- 
ing aspect." 

At Wilmington, Delaware, there was an immense 
gathering on the 23d instant, on the occasion of 
ratifying the Whig nominations for President and 
Vice President. Speeches were delivered by the 
Hon. John M. Clayton and the Hon. J. W. Hous- 
ton, and resolutions endorsing the nominations and 
platform were adopted. 

The Whigs of New Haven (Conn.) held a rati- 
fication meeting on Tuesday evening, which the 
Patladitim says " was one of the largest and most 
enthusiastic political gatherings ever held in the 
city. All the speakers were greeted with the most 
hearty demonstrations of applause; and it is con- 
ceded among the Whigs present that the spirit 
prevailing on the occasion was more like that which 
prevailed just previous to the Presidential election 
of 1840." 

The New Jersey Gazette says that the Whig 
meeting held at Trenton on Thursday to ratify 
the Whig nominations was the largest political 
gathering of its citizens ever known, and that the 
meeting was as enthusiastic in spirit as it was large 
mber. The greatest unanimity of feeling, 
; confidence in our success in the campaign, 
and an earnest determination to make great exer- 
tions to achieve that success, pervaded the assem- 
bled multitude. 

The Whigs of Salem, Massachusetts, also held 
their ratification meeting on Thursday evening, at 
which the Hon. Oris P. Lord, the delegate liorn 
the Essex dhstrict to the National Convention, gave 
a full account of the doings of the Convention, 
and, after expressing his disappointment and regret 
that the man of his choice was not selected, fully 



THE SIGNA 



15 



endorsed ilie nomination, and declared to the Con- 
vention which elected him (hat it was the duty of 
all true Whigs to yield their per.ional feelings to 
the good of the parly. His speech is described as 
a manly and patriotic one, and appears by the fol- 
lowing resolution to have been nobly responded to 
by the meeting : 

" Resolved,' That differences of opinion and per- 
sonal preferences thrown aside, acknowledging ihe 
obligations of honor that bind all who were parties 
to the Convention that nominated him, and of duly 
to the great interests of our common country, we 
will, from this hour, be a united band of brothers, 
participating in the noble struggle, and sharers 
Ihe glory of promoling and securing the welfa 
of the Republic by the permanent ascendency of 
WniQ Prin-ciples." 

From the Louisville Courier, June 23. 
On Monday evening, when the ift;ws of General 
Scott's nomination was announced, the people at 
Cincinnati assembled spontaneously in mass meet- 
ing, and by firing of cannon and loud and long 
cheers, testified their high satisfaction with the 
choice of the convention. 

At Aurora and Rising Sun, in Indiana, bonfires 
were blazing, guns firing, and the Whigs were 
making the welkin ring with loud shouts for the 
hero of an hundred battUs— General Winfield 
Scott. 

Last night the Whigs of New Albany met in 
mass meeting to ratify the nomination of Scott 
and Graham, and the reports of their guns made 
glad Whighcarts; whilst the Locofocos, assembled 
at the court-house, were disheartened and sad un- 
der such evidence of zeal and energy in the Whig 



The nominations and the platform of the con- 
vention has given very general satisfaction to the 
Whigs of Louisville; and we doubt not that Sat- 
urday night will show that the gallant Whigs of the 
Banner City of Kentucky are united as one man, 
and ready to do zealous and active service under 
the old Whig flag, bearing the names of Scott 
und Graham. 

We learn from paisengers that arrived from 
Lexington yesterday on the cars, that the utmost 
enthusiasm was displayed at Georgetown, Lfixing- 
ton, and Frankfort, at the nomination of Sc-tt. 
Hurrah for Kentucky. 

The Whig ratification meeting at Louisville, 
Kentucky, on the 26th, w.is most enthusiastic, sur- 
passing Ihe campaign of 1840. Speeches 



oili 



sing ine campaign ol 1S4U. Speeches were 
ie by the Hon. Sherrod Williams and several 



From all quarters we have accounts of those 
old-fashioned Whig gatherings, giving assurance 
that the masses of the great Whig party will not 
falter in their support of the nominations of their 
National Convention. 



Dr Cha 



Cha 



ap- 



e's Opinion of Gen. Scott.— Dr- 
ining in the pieface to his Lectures on War 
pays the following tribute to the man whom the 
Whigs have selected for their candidate at the 
proaching contest — 

' * * • Much, also, is due to the 
beneficent influence of Gen. Scott. To this dis- 
tinguished man belongs the rare honor of uniting 
with military energy and daring the spirit of a 
philanthropist, //is ixploits in the field, which placed 
him in the first rank of ioldiers, have been obscured by 
Ihe purer and more Listing glory of a pacificator and a 
/riend cf mankind. In the whole history of the 
nitercourse of civilized communities, we doubt 
whether a brighter page can be found than that 
which records his agency in the removal of the 
Cherokees. As far as the wiongs done to this race 
can be atoned for, Gen. Scott has made the ex- 
piation. In his recent mission to the disturbed 
borders of our country he has succeeded, not so 
much by policy as by the nobleness and generosity I 
of character, by moral influence, by the earnest 
conviction with which he has enforced on all with 
whom he had to do Ihe obligation! 
justice, humanity and religion.- U 
easy to find among us a man who has won a purer 
fame; and 1 would do something, no mafcr how 
little, to hasten the time when the spirit of Christian 
humanity shall be accounted an aesential attribute 
and the brightcs; ornament in a public man. 



THE SOLDIERS IN THE FIELD. 

We notice that among the speakers at the Wh 
Ratification Meeting at Pittsburgh, on Monday 
evening last, there were no less than three of th 
who served in the war with Mexico under 
command of Gen. Scott, and two of whom hi 
heretofore been Democrats, and acted with that 
party. They were Captains Charles Naylor and 
Robert Porter, and a Mr. Crawford. Capt. Nay 
lor said that those who followed the commander of 
the American army abroad, would follow hir 
home, and thous.'inds who were with him on the 
field, would not turn their backs to his standard 
but would rally round the same eagle in the com 
ing campaign. Capt. Porter expressed the highest 
satisfaction at the nomination. IMr. Crawford' said 
he was a private soldier under Gen. Scott, and 
could not forbear saying a word on this occasion. 
He had always been a democrat and was one still; 
and had not the present nomination been made, he 
would have gone heart and hand for Pierce. But 
he could not forget the brave and gallant com- 
mander he followed so long, and he should use all 
his influence for the election of Gen. Scott. 

At Ihe meeting in New York, Lieut. Brown 
(New York Volunteers) said, he spoke of General 
Scott as one who had followed him on the field of 
battle, and he looked upon him as the chief who 
was to lead them to a greater victory. It was the 
blackest lie to say that Winfield Scott was unpop- 
ular in Ihe army. A man would have been torn to 
pieces if such a stigma had been uttered among the 
ranks. He told his men that they had been bap- 
tized in blood, and every man would have died to 
serve him. One of his first acts after conquering 
the Mexican cities, was to establish pubkc schools. 
The democratic part of the army declared, when 
Franklin Pierce was nominated, that they would 
leave his banner and go to that of Winfield Scott. 
Let him be borne into the Presidential chair over 
tiie waves of an overwhelming majority. Phila. 
Ji/iics. 



The Boston Post announces that General Pierce 
once spent a Sabbath in a country village of his 
native State, and insisted on going to church not- 
withstanding he was informed that the preacher 
was very dull ! There is, says the Boston Journal, 
we confess, substantial merit in this act, especially 
if Ihe weather was warm. It requires considerable 
self-denial to hear a "very dull preacher" under 



FOR SCOTT, BOYS, HURRAH ! 

ET ONE OF THE BOTS. 

The Old men all remember — 
As't were but yesterday — 
When Britain sought, on Freedum's so 

Again to plant her sway ; 
The Old men all remember 

WhohurI'd her back again — 
'T was Winfield Scott at Chippewa, 
'T was Scott at Lundy's Lane! 
So fling for Scott the banner out. 

And sing for Scott hurrah ; 
With him we can the Locos rout. 
And win for Chippewa. 
The Young men all remember — 
'T was not five year ago — 



Who led our 



ictory, 






• And conquer'd Mexico . 
The Young men all remember 

How Churubusco's field. 
And Vera Cruz, and Contreras, 
Were made by Scott to yield ! 
So fling for Scott the banner out. 

And sing for Scott hurrah ; 
With him we can the Locos rout, 
And win for Chippewa. 
The Old men and the Young men— 

With Scott to lead Ihe fight— 
From hill and dale, from shore and wa 

Will rally and unite : 
The Old men and the Young men— 

With Scott to lead them on— 
Will make the hero of two wars, 
Their Chief at Washiiision! 
So fling for Scott the banner out. 

And sing for Scott hurrah, 
With him we can the Locos rout, 
And win for Chippewa, 



SCOTT AND GRAHAM. 



TUNE "dearest MiE. 

In Baltimore the Whigs agreed 
Upon their candidate. 
And mean that he shall he the man 
To guide the Ship of State; 
He bears a name that is without 



A bleu 



■ a spot- 



A Patriot, Hero, Statesman, Saee— 
Who else but WINFIED SCOTT 

Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

For Scott, the brave and true. 



Whoi 



yet 1 



Nor will he lose it now ! 
Two generals arc in the field, 
Frank Pierce and Winfield Scott- 
Some think that Frank's a fighting man. 
And some think he is not — 
'Tis said that when in Mexico, 
While leading on his force. 
He took a sudden fainting fit. 
And tumbled off his horse. 
Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 
For Winfield the undaunted. 
Who never on the battle field 
Surrendered, fled, or fainted ! 

But gallant Scott has made his mark 
On many a bloody plain. 
And patriot heart beat high to greet 
The Chief of Lundy's Lane; 
And Chippewa is cla.ssic ground 
Our British neighbors know. 
And if you'd.,hear of later deeds, 
Go, ask in Mexico ! 

Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

For Scolt and Graham true. 

They are the boys to lead the fight. 

The boys to win it loo I 
Now, boys, we'll go ihe.nominoes, 
And whip out Pierce and King ; 
From Maine to California, 
We'll make the welkin ring. 
We'll give the Lokies good Scott " soup. 
Of which so much we've read, 
And if they should n't like our soup. 
We'll give them Graham bread ! 

Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

When e'er the chance permits, 

Willi warm Scolt soup and Graham br 

We'll give the Lokies fits. 

Then let us enter on the fight. 
Our cause is just and high ; 
Let's show our foes the " fu.s3" we raise 
Will make the "feathers" fly. 
The gallant Scott, who- leads the van, 
Is honest, faithful, true; 
And he has got the people's heart- 
So we say — what say you ? 

Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

For Scott, the brave and true ; 

He's got the honest people's heart, 



So 



we say- 



Our noble Scott has never failed. 

Wherever he might be ; 

On Cerro Gordo's blood stained heights, 

Or in diplomacy. 

He calmed the angry border fends 

Upon our northern line. 

And caused where war's black clouds arose. 

The Siarot Peace to shine. 

Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

For Scott the brave and true. 

The man who never lost a field 

fVill win his field for you ! 

The Locofocos brag and boast. 

And show themselves quite fierce. 

Though all the capital they have 

Is Generoi Frank Pierce: 

A man dug np when all was lost, 

Buchanan, Douglass, Cass, 

A sort of " Conipiomise" between 

A race-horse and an ass. 

Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

For Scolt, the brave and true. 

Who never faints on battle fields, 

But fights his battles through, 



ir. 



THE SIGNAL 



Then, boys, hurrah for Winfield Scott, 

Who leads the great Whig troop, 

And only lakes when duty calls, 

Jt HASxr })(n(e of soup ! 

Who never counts his enemies. 

And never knows a fear, 

But gives his foes a raking fire, 

In front and " in the rear." 
Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 
For Scott, the brave and true. 
Who never faints on battle fields, 
Who fights his battles through ! 

Now, if you'll work, you gallant Whigs, 

For Scott and Willie Graham, 

We'll only let the Locos tell 

The place where we shall iaj/'rai. 

And when the " fainting" Pierce boys talk 

or " feathers" day and nigl.t. 

Just let them know in Scott's war-hat 

There is not a feather while. 
Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! 
For Scott and Graham true. 
They are the boys to lead the fight, 
Tlie boys to win it too ! 



Webster dpon Scott.. — In a speech in the U 
S. Senate, March 93 1848, Daniel Webster spokf 
us follows, relative to the character and 
General Scott, 

I understand, sir, that there is a report from 
Gen Scott; from Gen. Scott, a man who has pe: 
formed the most brilliant campaign on recent mil 
ry record; a man who has warred against the en( 
my, warred against the climate, warred against 
thousand unpropitious circumstances, and has ca 
ried the flag of his country to the capital of tl 
enemy, honorably, proudly, Iminanehi, to his ow 
permanent honor, ami the great military credit ( 
his country. 

Anecdote of Scott.— The Tecumseh, (Mich.,) 
Herald, relates the following anecdote 

"A citizen of our town gives a remark made by 
Gen. Scott at Fort George, in 1813. A British 
flag was sent to tlie American army, and the carrier 
was sent to General Scott's tent, and sayi 
Our General has sent me with this flag to request 
that you surrender to him, for if you do not, h( 
shall be compelled to storm the fort, and he will no 
be responsible for the Indians.' The reply of Gen 
Scott was this: 'Tell your Gen. to come on anc 
storm the fort, and I will be responsible for the 
Indians.'" 

The most ambitious oratorical eff"ort made by 
Gen. Pierce, while a member of Congress, was in 
opposition to an appropriation to the venerable 
widow of Gen. Harrison. That lady hnd just lo.st 
the partner of her bosom — she and he had been at 
great expense and loss in breaking up housekeep- 
ing and removing to Washington. It was propos- 
ed after the death of her husband, to allow her the 
year's salary. The proposition met the warm and 
zealous support of the liberal men of all parties. — 
But Gen. Pierce opposed it — and on that occasion 
he made his greatest speech. 

Surely that display of Yankee generosity should 
endear him to all the women of this vast Republic! 
WtslchtsUr, Pa., Record. 



PROSPECTUS OF THE SIGNAL: 

A WHIG CAMPAIGN PAPER, PUBLISHED AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON. 



The untlersigned is now publishing, at the city of Washington, a Whig Campaign 
Paper under the above title, devoted to the support of WINFIELD SCOTT, lor Pre- 
sident, and WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, for Vice President. 

The Signal will be emphatically a National Press, designed for circulation \n 
every section of the country. The object of the paper will be to harmonize the 
action, and promote the efficient organization of the Whig Party, as well as to difiuse 
its principles and arouse its spirit and enthusiasm. 

It will also furnish a convenient compendium of all the facts and documents bear- 
ing upon the case made by the respective parties and candidates, and preserve in a 
form for future reference a complete history of the canvass. A full index will be 
given in the last number, which will add materially to the permanent interest and 
value of the work. 

The great popularity and success which attended the Battery, published by the 
undersigned during the last Presidential canvass, induces him to retain the same form 
and size in the Signal. 

The publication will be continued each week until tlie election, the results of 
which will be given in full in the last number. 



TERMS: 

Single subscription -------- $0 50 

Five copies 2 00 

(Being at t\ie rate of 40 cents for each subscriber.) 

Fourteen copies 5 00 

(Being at the rate of 36 cents for each subscriber.) 

Thirty copies 10 00 

(Being at the rata of SSj cents for each subscriber.) 

Fifty copies - - 15 00 

(Beicg at the rate of 30 ccals for each subscriber.) 

{^ No paper will be sent unless the order is accompanied by the money. 

All letters must be post paid, and addressed to 

GEO. S. GIDEON, 

Washington, D. C. 



From the Springfield Journal, Illinois. 
The Legislature is about to adjourn, and we seize 
the moment to ask of the Whig members, when 
tliev return to their constituents, to urge upon them, 
and' to the Whigs of the counties about them not 
represented by Whigs, the necessity of sending full 
delegations to the Whig Stale Convention, to be 
held in thi.-i city on tlie 7th of July. Those Wkig 
jnembers will be able to inform their fellow citizens 
thai jnospects of success for their party and principles, 
were never as gieat in Illinois as at this momeTit. 
Generally the Whigs feel this to be the truth, and 
will put forth their whole strength in the cor 
contest. We want all should feel it, that there 
may be "a long pull, a strong pull, and a pull all 
together." 

Prom the Rockville {J\ld.) Journal. 
The Whigs of Maryland, though unsuccessfu 
in getting the man of their choice, Millaro Fill- 
more, will have no difficulty in rallying under the 
banner of Scott and Graham. 



SUBSCRIBERS' NAMES. 



NO. OF 
COPIES. 



POST OrPICE. 
; the name of the town, county, and 
State, plain. 



THE SIGNAL 



PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, BY G. S. GIDEON. 



No. 'i.j 



WASHINGTON: JULY 10, 1852. 



[Vol. 



THE SIGNAL: 



The undersigned is now publishing, at 
the city of Washington, a Whig Campaign 
Paper under the above title, devoted to the 
support of WINFIELD SCOTT, for Pre- 
sident, and WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, for 
Vice President. 

The Signal will be emphatically a Na- 
tional Press, designed for circulation in 
every section of the country. The object 
of the paper will be to harmonize the ac- 
tion, and promote the elficient organization 
of the Whig Party, as well as to diffuse its 
principles and arouse its spirit and enthu- 
siasm. 

It will also furnish a convenient com- 
pendium of all the facts and documents 
bearing upon the case made by the respec- 
tive parties and candidates, and preserve 
in a form for future reference a complete 
history of the canvass. A full index will 
be given in the last number, which will 
add materially to the permanent interest 
and value of the work. 

The great popularity' and success which 
attended the Battery, published by the 
undersigned during the last Presi.dential 
canvass, induces him to retain the-%ame 
form and size in the Signal. 

The pubhcation will be continued each 
week until the election, the results of which 
will be given in full in the last number. 

TERMS. 

The Signal will be publislied weekly, 

until after the Presidential election in 

November, at the following rates, viz: 

Single subscription .- - - - - $0 50 

Five copies 2 00 

(Being atihe rate of 40 cts. for each subscriber.) \ 

Fourteen copies 5 00 

(Being at the rate of 36 els. for eacli subscriber.) 
Thirty copies ----.. iQ 00 
(Being at the rate of 33i cts. for each subscriber.) 

Fifty copies 15 00 

( Being at the rate of 30 cts. for each subscriber.) 

fitS^No paper will be sent unless the 
order iff accompanied by the money. 



THE SIGNAL. 



j^ll letters must lie post-paid, and ad- 
dressed to 

GEO. S. GIDEON, 

Washikcto.v, D. C. 

iL^ We send this number to many of our Whig 
friends throughout the Country, whose Itind ser- 
vices ill aiding our circulation we respectfully so- 
licit. Attention is called to the terms. 



LIFE AND SERVICES OF GENERAL 
WINFIELD SCOTT. 

In our tirst number we presented our readers 
with the foxnts in General Scott's life, furnishing 
an index to his illustrious deeds and his titles to 
the esteem and gratitude of his countrymen. It is 
our purpose now to give a somewhat more detailed 
sketch of the events to which we there merely 
alluded. 

BtRTH AND EDUCATION. 
WiNFiELD Scott was born near Peiersburg,^n 
Virginia, on the 13th of June, 1786. He is the 
grandson of a Scotch immigrant, who was compel- 
led to fly his country in consequence of having en- 
gaged in the Jacobite rebellion of 1745, and who 
afterwards settled in Virginia in the practice of the 
law. His father, William Scott, was a farmer, 
and his mother, Ann Mason, was a woman of 
great excellence, and of a family noted in the his- 
tory of the Slate for its liigh character. She was 
left a widow at an early age, with five children and 
very limited property. Winfield was the young. 
of two sons. He was educated at the academy of 
Dr. Ogilvie, a celebrated teacher of his day, ami 
studied law at William and Mary's College, and in 
the office of Mr. David Robertson. At the age of 
tweiil^ he was admitted to the liar. 

SCOTT ENTERS THE ARMV. 
His first military service was perlormed in 1807, 
as a private in a volunteer corps raised in Peters- 
burg, and marched to Lynnhaven bay in expecta- 
tion of a British descent upon the coast. War 
with England being then deemed inevitable, Con- 
gress passed a bill to increase the army, when 
young Scott ofi'ered his services to President Jef- 
ferson, and received from him, in May, 1808, a 
commission as captain of light artillery. 

In 1809, Captain Scott was ordered to New Or- 
leans, where it was supposed the British would 
commence their invasion. Here differences arose 
between him and Cieneral Wilkinson, which re- 
sulted in a court martial, and the suspension of 
Scott from the army for a twelvcmonlh. His 
sentence was accomplished. "The citizens of 
Washington, near Natchez, where the court mar- 
tial was held," says the Iklla, a Democralicjour- 
nal of New Orleans, " did not approve the sen- 
tence of the court, and tendered him the compli- 
ment of a public dinner. During his suspension, 
Scott devoted himself with great ardor to the stu- 
dy of the military art, and uciiuired that intimate 
knowledge of hi.s profession which has since made 
him the pride of the Americau army." 



ORDERED TO THE NORTHERN FRONTIER. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with 
Great Britain, Scott received the commission of 
lieutenant colonel from President Madison, and 
was sent to the Northern frontier, he being sta- 
tioned at Black Rock. In October he undertook, 
in conjunction with Lieutenant Elliott of the navy, 
the capture of two British armed brigs, named the 
"Adams" and "Caledonia," then lying moored 
under the guns of the British fort, Erie, nearly op- 
posite. The attempt v/as gallant and successful : 
the vessels were captured. But in carrying them 
off, one of them, the "Adams," drifted on shore 
under the guns of the battery at Fort Eric, and watr 
deserted by the captors. The enemy at once un 
dertook her recovery. Scott drove back the!, 
boats by a well directed fire. The contest soon 
became sharp to see who could win the prize. Our 
men fintilly bore off the brig in triumph. 

STORiMING or QUEENSTOWN HEIGHTS. 

The memorable storming of dueenslown Heights 
followed soon on this successful exploit. General 
Van Rensellaer had yi.lded to the importunate 
appeals of his troops, who lay at Lewiston to the 
number of about 2,500 militia, and 450 regulars, to 
undertake the invasion of Canada. They were 
moved in two divisions, one under the command 
of Colonel Solomon Van Rensellaer, and the other 
under Colonel Chryslic; a portion only of these 
troops were landed. The leaders of both divisions 
were wounded. Van Rensellaer's column advanced 
under a murderous cannonade to the heights, and 
being reinforced by a fresh detachment stormed the 
batteries which protected them, and repulsed the 
snemy. At this moment. General Brock, the 
Governor of Upper Canada, arrived with reinforce- 
ments, and arrested the flying British only to be 
again repulsed and himself to fall mortally wound- 
ed. Scott had now arrived on the ground, and 
took command of the American troops, about .six 
hundred in number. He immediately drew up his 
forces in a commanding position, and awaited the 
arrival of reinforcements. Meanwhile the garrison 
of Fort George, with 500 Indians, advanced on the 
American line. A series of severe and sanguinary 
conflicts ensued, in which Scott displayed heroic 
courage, leading his troops in person, and inspiring 
them with confidence by his daring and gallant 
example. 

The little band failed to leceive ilie anticipated 
succor. Meanwhile the British forci; was augmented 
by the regulars and their Indian allies until it 
reached thirteen hundred men, against less than 
three hundred under Scott. Then it was that 
Scott made a last apfical to his brave band in these 
thrilling words: "The eneiny'.s Ijalls have thinned 

ranks. Ills numbers are overw lielning. Di,- 



18 



TITE SIGNAL 



ctly ihe 



\Vc 



r. Hull'i 
1 Lei u. 



le beyinniii'; of a nal 
ignominious sarrendcr must be 
die, then, arms in hand! Oui'counrry demands the 
sacrifice. Tl)e example will not l>e lost. The blond 
of the slain will make heroes of the living! Who 
is rfady for the earrifice:" An enihitsiastic cry 
answered this eloquent appeal. ''We are all 
ready!" was the reply. And in this spirit they 
maintoincd ihcir ground till ihey were over- 
whelmed by numbers and compelled to surrender. 
Scott 1I1U.S became a prisoner of war, but not till 
lie had established his character as an intrepid sol- 
dier, and most skilful leader. 

SCOTT A PRISONER. 

After the capitulation, Scott, with the rest of 
the prisoners, was taken to the village of Niagara. 
Scott him.self was lodged at an inn, under guard. 
Soon after his arrival he received a message that 
some one wished to speak to the tall American, and 
immediately proceeded to the hall of the house to 
ascertain who wished to see him. His visitors 
proved to be two of the party of Indians who had 
attacked hiin while bearing a flag of truce at the 
battle of dueenslown. One of them Scott recog- 
nised at once, by his tall stature, as a chief known 
as Captain Jacobs; the other, though a son of the 
celebrated Brant, had less fame, but was a power- 
ful and muscular man. In a jargon, in which might 
be traced a confusion of Indian and the two Euro- 
pean ln)iguages spoken in Canada, ihey questioned 
Col. Scott as to v/heiher he was wounded or not, 
and informed him they had frequently fired at him. 
The chief at length became angry, and seized the 
Colonel to turn him around in order that he might 
examine his back. Any one who has ever looked 
into the wild fiery eye of the General, inay readily 
conceive how he felt at this familiarity. With one 
effort of his muscular arm he threw the Indian to 
the other side of the hall, and at the same time said, 
"Go, villain; you shot like a squaw !" The taunt, 
and what had previously occurred, lashed the chief 
into a fury, and he rushecl upon Scott with his 
knife drawn. His companion followed his exam- 
ple. 

The idea of asking for assistance did not enter 
the mind of Colonel Scott; and had retreat been 
possible, he woulil have died before he would have 
moved one step. Fortune always favors the brave; 
and Scott saw within his grasp the swords of his 
cnplive companions. With a soldier's eye he se- 
lected the longest, which chanced to be a heavy 
dragoon sabre, which pnibalily had been worn by 
one of the volunteer officers. The hcuvy steel scab- 
bard ft II from it immediately, and with one step to 
the side, Scott | laced himself in such a position 
that he was enabled to keep the point at Jacob's 
breast, at the same time that he was in guard to- 
wards his companion; Jacobs' life was in the power 
of Scott, who seemed nothing loath to take it. At 
the same time it seemed not improbable that Scott 
would FC<.rcely be able to foil the other, in spite o*" 
his occupying a po.-ilion which rendered it impossi- 
ble fur them to attack him in the rear. At this mo- 
ment Captain Coffin, a nephew of the well-known 
Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin, and an aid of General 
SheaftV, entiled on a visit of courtesy to the pris- 
oners, and, amazed at what he saw, callled loudly 
for the guard. At the same moment he placed a 
pistol at Jacobs' head and seized Brant by the arm. 



The sentinels came in immediately on being called 
for. In the whole affair there had been no n'oisc; 
and they dragged off the two Indians, who most 
cordially cursed all while men and all the laws of 
war. 

AFFAIR OF THE IRISH PRISONERS. 

The prisoners taken at dueenslown were sent 
to Quebec, thence in a cartel to Boston, where 
soon after Scott was exchanged. When the 
prisoners were about to sail from Quebec, Scott, 
being in the cabin of the transport, heard a 
noise upon deck and hastened up. There he 
found a party of British officers in the act of 
mustering the prisoners, and separating from the 
rest such as by their confession or Iheir brogue 
were judged to be Irishmen, whom they intended 
to send home to be tried and executed for high 
treason. Twenty-three had then been set apart 
when Scott reached the deck, and there were at 
least forty more of the same birth in the detach- 
ment. Many of these inen were adopted citizens, 
and had left their families in the land of their adop- 
tion. The humane Scott ascertained the object of 
the British officers ; he commanded his men to 
answer no more questions, that they might not be 
betrayed by thtir accent. Tliey obeyed. Not 
aftither man was separated from his companions. 
In the midst of the British officers, and in defiance 
of their fierce remonstrances, Scoit pledged the 
protection of tlic United Slates to his gallant sol- 
diers, and promised Ihatsummary retaliation should 
follow the execution of any one of the party. 

The Irishmen were put in irons on board the 
frigate, and sent to England. When Scott landed 
in Boston, he proceeded to Washington, and was 
duly exchanged. He immediately related to the 
President the scene which had occurred at Quebec, 
and made a full report of the whole transaction, in 
writing, to the Secretary of War. This was done 
on the 13th January, 1813. 

As this letter is an important and authentic por- 
tion of the history of the discussion which subse- 
quently ensued, in regard to the rights of namraliz- 
ed citizens under llie code of International law, we 
insirt it in this place. 

Limienant Colonel Scolt to the Secretary of War. 

Sir: I think it my duty to lay before the De 
partmenl that, on the arrival at Quebec of the Ame- 
rican prisoners of war surrendered alQueenstown, 
they were mustered and examined by British offi- 
cers appointed to that duty, and every native-born 
of the United Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ire- 
land sequestered, and sent on board a ship of war 
ihen in the harbor. The vessel in a few days 
thereafter sailed for England, wiih these persons 
on board. Between fit"ieen and twenty* persons 
were thus taken from us, natives of Ireland, several 
of whom were known by their platoon officers to 
be naturalized citizens of the United States, and 



•There were, in fact, twenty-three, as staled in 
e text. Their names aregiven on the 632il page, 
il. 3, of AmeriCMU State Pajiers. They were as 
llnw.s.viz: Henry Kelley, Henry Blaney. GeorL'e 
'Common, John Dnlion, Michael Condin, John 
lark, Peter Burr, Andrew Doyle, John Me- 
owan, James G.ll, John Fulsum, Patrick Mc- 
■:.harty, Matthew Moonev, Putriek Kariis, lohn 
izi;eraid, John Wiley, John Donelley, John 
irrey, Nathan Shaley, Edward VI 'Gariigan, John 
innue, John Williams, George Johnson. 



others to have been long residents within the same. 
One in particular, whose name has esca])ed me, 
besides having complied with all the conditions of 
our naturalization laws, was represented by his 
officers to have left a wife and five children, all of 
them born within the State of New York. 

I distinctly understood, as well from the officers 
who came on board the prison-ship for the above 
purposes, as from others with whom I remonstrat- 
ed on this subject, that it was the determination of 
the British Government, as expressed through Sir 
George Provost, to punish every man whom it 
might subject to its power, found in arms against 
the British King contrary to his native allegiance. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient 
servant, 

W. SCOTT, 
Lieut. Col. U. S. 'id artillery. 

At the instance of Scott, this report was sent to 
both Houses of Congress, and by him pressed on 
the attention of many members in each House. The 
result was the early pas.sage of the " Act vesting 
the President of the United States with the power 
of retaliation ," ordered to a third reading February 
27;h, and passed March 3d, 1813. 

Two months after this, (May 27th, 1813,) in the 
battle and capture of Fort George, Scott made a 
great number of prisoners. True to his pledge 
given at Quebec, he, as adjutant general, (chief of 
the staff,) immediately selected twenty-three of the 
number to be confined in the interior of the United 
States, there to abide the fate of the twenty-three 
imprisoned and sent to England by the British 
officers. In making the selection, he was careful 
not to include a single Irishman, in order that Irish- 
men might not bo sacrificed for Irishmen. This 
step led, on both sides, to the confinement as host- 
ages of many other men and officers, all' of whom 
were, of course, dependent for their lives on the 
fate 6f the original twenty-three. 

In July, 1815, when peace had been some months 
concluded, and Scott (then a major-general) was 
passing along on the East River side of the city of 
New York, he was attracted by loud cheers and 
bustle on one of the piers. He approached iha 
scene, and great was his delight to find that it was 
the cheers of his old Irish friends, in whose behalf 
he had interfered at Quebec, and who had that 
moment landed in triumph, after a confinement of 
more than two years in Ejiglish prisons! He was 
quickly recognised by them, hailed as their de- 
liverer, and nearly crushed by their warm-hearlcd 
embraces! Twenty-one were present, two having 
died natural deaths. 

Scott had not then recovered from the wounds he 
had received in ihe bloody b.ilile of the Niagarni 
and was about to einbark on a voyage to Europe. 
Yet, in conformity with the promises of friendship 
he had made these men, he found time to write to 
the departments at Washington, and solicit for 
them their patents for land bounties, and their long 
arrearages of pay. He was succes.^ful, and they 
were at length restored both to their adopted coun- 
try and their promised rewards. Several of these 
brave sons of Ireland are yet alive, and can testify 
to the truth of this narrative They, in common 
with hundreds of their countrymen taken prisoners 
in the same war, fighting the battles of liberty, 
have good reason to believe that they owe their 



THE SIGNAL. 



19 



1 the solicitauons,spii 



liberties, if not tlieirln-es 
and zeal, of Winfieia Scott!' 
SCOTT REJOINS THE ARMY AT NIAGARA. 
Colonel Scott having been exchanged in Jann- 
nry, 1813, after a short visit to Washington, for 
the objccis which we have already mentioned, he 
joined the army at Fort Niagara. Here on the 
20th of May, he led the advanced guard in the mem- 
orable atiack on Fort George, the key of the penin- 
sula lying between Lakes Erie and Ontario, which 
General Dearborn had determined to carry. Cap- 
tain Perry superintended the debarkation of the 
troops, which was covered by the little fleet of 
Commodore Chauncet. Colonel Scott effected 
his landing on the British shore at 9 o'clock in the 
morning in good order. The enemy was fifteen 
hundred strong, and posted on a bank above, that 
was from seven to twelve feet in height. Scott 
formed his line on th^^beach preparatory to scaling 
the height. In his first attempt to ascend the se- 
vere fire of the enemy repulsed our troops. Scott 
himself was forced backward on to the beach. Dear- 
born, who was in the Commodore's vessel anx- 
iously watching the movements of the troops, see- 
ing with his glass his fiivorite leader fall, burst 
into tears, exclaiming, "he is lost! he is killed !" 
But Scott recovered himself, and rallying his 
men, again eagerly pushed forward, sword in 
hand, upon the enemy. A furious fight ensued, 
but at the end of twenty minutes the foe gave 
ground, and fled in dismay before the resistless 
valor of our young leader. He pursued the flying 
columns as far as the village, where he was joined 
by Miller's regiment. In the midst of his pursuit, 
he assaulted the fort, forced the gates, and was 
himself the first to enter. Pressing impetueusly 
forward at the head of his triumphant followers, 
with his own hand he seized and tore down the 
British flag that was waving above its walls. The 
garrison, seeing that resistance was vain, beat a re- 
treat, but not till they had fired their magazines. 
One of them exploded, scattering its fragments in 
every direction. A piece of burning timber struck 
Scott and threw him upon the ground much hi 
The matches were snatched away from the two 
maining magazines, and the capture was compli 
The British were now in full retreat. Scott immc' 
diately remounted and made hot pursuit of the ene- 
my at the head of his detachment. The pursuit 
was continued for five miles, and the action would 
have ended in the capture of the entire British foi 
but for the peremptory orders of the commanding 
general to Scoit to return, just as he had got the 
enemy in his power. In this brilliant exploit the 
American loss was IT killed and 45 wounded; that 
. of the British was 90 killed, IGO wounded, and 100 
prisoners. 

ANECDOTE OF SCOTT AND COL. SHEAFFE. 

Among the prisoners taken in the atiack on Fort 
George, was an oflicer, who, when Scott was a 
prisoner in the hand.s of the British, had remarked, 
in refeftnce to Col. Scon's admiision tijat he had 
only scon the Niagara Falls from the American 
side; ' Oh, colonel, before you can see it from the 
other side, you must win a battle." 

Scott turned sharply to him and said, '"If you 
sought to insult me, sir, courtesy dictated that you 

•Mansfield's Life of Scott. 



lid first have returned me my sword." Gen. 
Sheaffe immediately rebuked the Englishman, and 
the matter dropped. Among the first prisoners 
taken at Fort George was this colonel, also badly 
wounded. Scott, being unable to get his own 
horse from the boats, borrowed ihatof his prisoner, 
and gave orders that the officer should be treated 
with all respect. Th^ horse was returned to him, 
and he was carefully treated and permitted to return 
to England on parole, at a time when there were 
no exchanges effected. When he pi rted with 
Scott the English officer said : "I owe you an 
a|iology, sir; you can now view the Falls wherever 
you piea.se." 



PROGRESS OF THE WAR. 
In 18)3, after many disasters to the Aniericar 
arms. Colonel ScuTT was promoted to the com 
raand of the second artillery, which, consi.'sting of 
twenty companies, was, in fact, a brigade. Scott 
had previously held, for a short time, the Adjutant 
Generalship. A rapid succession of brilliant ex- 
ploits followed. Leaving Fort George in charge 
of a small force, Scott advanced to take part in the 
expedition of General Wilkinson into Canada. 
Detached from Wilkinson's command, he was 
everywhere successful, whilst the latter failed in 
the principal object of his expedition. Scott 
offered to march into Montreal with a regiment of 
dragoons and a flying battery, but was prevented 
by the disagreements among the Generals. Th 
effect of Wilkinson's campaign was greatly t 
depress the pride and humiliate the spirit of the 
people. Scott set himself to work, with the aid of 
Governor Tompkins, of New York, to revive the 
discipline and spirit of the army. He established 
camps and normal schools, and when the campaign 
of 1814 opened, he astoni.?hed General Brown, the 
Commander-in-chief, by exhibiting his raw levies 
drilled into experienced soldiers. 

CAPTURE OF FORT ERIE. 
The first operation of the campaign was the 
capture of Fort Erie. Early in the morning of the 
3d July, Scott's brigade, with the artillery corps 
of Major Hindman, crossed the river and landed 
below the fort, while Ripley's brigade crossed 
over and landed above. Scott led the van. The 
fort surrendered, and 170 men were taken prison- 
ers. 

BATTLE OF CHIPPEWA. 
On the morning of the 4ih July, Scott's brigade 
marched towards Chippewa. For sixteen miles he 
had a running fight with the Marquis of Twecdale, 
who commanded the British lOOlh regiment, till at 
dusk the latter was driven across Chippewa river, 
and joined the main body of the British army 
under General Riall. The Marquis has since said, 
that he could not account for the ardor of the 
pursuit until he recollected the fact that it was thi 
American great anniversary.* 

At night Scott took up his quarters at Street': 
creek, about two miles from the enemy's encamp 
ment. Between the two armies lay the long level 
plain of Chippewa, the battle-field of the succeeding 
day.- Face to face the two armies encamped foi 
the night. The morning of the 5lh broke cleai 
and glorious. The sun mounted high in the heav- 
ens, pouring his fierce beams upon the plain below 

'Mansfield. 



On one side of it ran the river, and on the other 
stood a dense forest. The force of the Americans 
under Scott was 1,900 strong. The enemy, com" 
manded by General Riall, numbered 2,100 men. 
Of Riall's force, at least 1,600 were the veteran 
troops of the Peninsula war, the flower of the 
British army. The remaining 500 were dragoons 
and well trained militia. Scott's men had never 
seen service. 

The day was pa.sscd in skirmishes. About 4 
o'clock a firing was heard towards the bridge of 
Chippewa, which announced the approach of the 
British army. At this time, Scott was moving 
his brigade towards the plain for the purpose of 
drill. Near the bridge over Street's creek he met 
General Brown, who said : " The enemy is ad- 
vancing, you will have a fight." This was his only 
order for the day. In his official report Brown 
says : " The General did not expect to be gratified 
so soon with a field engagement. He advanced in 
a most prompt and oflicer-like style, and in a few 
minutes was in close action upon the plain with a 
superior force.'' 

As the two armies approached to close quarters, 
Scott called aloud to McNeil's battalion " the en- 
emy say we are good at long shot, but cannot stand 
the cold iron ! I call upon the eleventh in.stantly 
to give the lie to that slander! Charge!" They 
did charge. Before General Brown could come up 
with the rear division of the American army, Scott 
had already won the day and was in hot pursuit of 
the flying enemy. The British hod been beaten 
with their own boasted weapon — the bayonet. 
Scott, with 1900 Americans, had met and routed, 
on the open plain, 2,100 of the best troops of Eng- 
land, including the Royal Scots, the 100th, and the 
aueen's Own. 

In his official report of this inemorahle battle, 
General Brown did not hesitate to award the credit 
of the achievement to Scott. " Brigadier General 
Scott," he says, "is entitled to the highest praise 
our country can bestow, to him, more than any 
other man, I am indebted for the victory of the 5th 
of July. His brigade covered itself wiih glory," 
BATTLE OF NIAGARA. 
The second day after the victory of the 5lh, the 
American troops forced their way over Chippewa 
river, and on the 25th was fought the battle of Ni- 
agara. In the afternoon of that day, Scott's com- 
mand, consisting of foursmall battalions, had been 
put in motion to threaten the forts at the mouth of 
the river. While on a rapid march to this point, 
Scott came unexpectedly upon a larger force than 
he had encountered at Chippewa, drawn up in order 
of battle at Lundy's Lane. The American force 
numbered about 1,300 men, the British upwards of 
3,000. 

ScoTT immediately commenced the attack, about 
forty minutes before sunset. By 9 o'clock the right 
wing of the British army had been beaten back, 
and the left turned and cut off. The centre alone" 
stood firm. At this moment General Brown ar- 
rived on the ground with reinforcements. The 
enemy's artillery occupied a hill which commanded 
the whole position. It was supported by a line of 
infantry. " Sir," said General Brown to the brave 
Miller, "can you take that battery? " "I will 
try," was the modest response that has since be- 
come 60 famous. Scott, in the darkness, acted as 
1 a guide to Miller till he had the right direction, 



20 



THE SIGNAL 



and then i etunied lo cover his movement by renew- 
ing the nttack in front. Miller advanced gallantly 
to liis object, and carried the height and the cannon. 
The enemy made several aesaults to dislodge our 



raops, 



but without success; and the contest left 



ilic Americans in possession of the field with i 



youth. Thus he thought Scott was too young 
when it was proposed to make him lieutenant colo- 
nel; too young when he was again advanced to the 
post of adjutant general; too young when he was 
made colonel of a double regiment; and, finally, too 
young when iie was promoted to the place of bri- 



Dpll, 



Throughout the fight Scott had been j gadier general. But at the last, when, after his rc- 



t:xpo.>jed lo all its perils, and displayed the most 
inipetuons courage. Two horses were killed under 
hini. In the midst of the action he was severely 
wounded, and ju.st at its close he was disabled by 
receiving a musket ball through the left shoulder, 
and was borne from the field. Tlie loss was severe 
iM) both side.s in this desperate battle; that of the 
Americans in killed and wounded 743: that of the 



SCOTT S SUFFERINGS AND HI.S TRIUMPHS. 
Scott's wounds proved dangerous, and the 
musket ball in -his shoulder even now frequently 
causes him uneasinefs.- IJis recovery was I'or a 
monih very doubtful. He lay in great agony at 
ButTalo, whence he was borne on a litter to Wil- 
Imrasville, and afterwards to Geneva, on his way 
lo Philadelphia, in pursuit of t'urther surgical aid. 
He wa.s every where along his route greeted as the 
hero of the war, and received with signal marks of 
popular admiration. On one occasion, when pale 
and meagre, his left shoulder swollen and band- 
aged, his arm iir a sling, he was taken to a church 
10 witness the commencement ceremonies o! Prince- 
ion college. 

The valedictory adilress was delivered on this 
occasion by a gentleman of liigh talent, and its 
subject was, " the public duties of a good citizen 
in peace and war." At the end of this address, Ihe 
speaker, catching enthusiasm from the moment and 
occasion, turned to the wounded soldier and made 
him the personification of his ideal. The audience 
was enchanted, and the soldier and the scholar 
l-oth shared in the applause evoked. 

He received here tlie diploma of Master of Arts. 
At Philadelphia, Governor Snyder and the citi- 
zens welcomed him with military and civic parades 
After a short stay at Ihaleity, he recovered suffi. 
ciently to be able to proceed to Baltimore, whither 
he went at the request of the Government, and ll 
particular solicitation.'? of the members of Congressi 
from Maryland and Pennsylvania, to direct mea- 
sures for the defence of that city and Philadelphia 
Finishing this duty, he at length proceeded to 
Washington, where he arrived in October, and was 
invested with the command of that military district, 
and charged with the responsible duty of planning 
the next year's campaign. Happily a treaty of 
peace was concluded at Ghent on the 24th of De- 
cember following, and ratified by our Government 
on the 15ih of February, 1315. After this event, 
there being no further need for Scott's services in 
the field, President Madison oftered him, at the 
yearly age of 23, the post of Secretary of War. 
This he declined, flc had been previously raised 
major general by brevet, as a te.<jti- 



to thi: 



ik of 1 



monial of his great ser 



brilliant i 



hiary 



cent extraordinary services, and brilliant successes, 
11 Cabinet ft make hint a major 
general, Mr. Madison promply remarked, "Put 
lim down a major general — I have done with ob- 
jections to his youth." 

MISSION TO EUROPE. 

Having assisted in reducing the army from the 
war to the peace establishment, being yet feeble 
from his wounds, he went to Europe under orders 
from the Government, both for the restoration of 
his health, and for professional improvement. He 
was also confidentially entrusted with diplomatic 
functions, the object of which was to ascertain the 
views of certain Courts in regard to the indepen- 
dence of South America, and the supposed designs 
of Great Britain upon the island of Cuba. His in- 
structions in these regards were executed so entire- 
ly to the satisfaction of tlie Government, that Pre- 
sident M.vDisoN addressed to him, through the 
State Department, a very particular letter of thanks. 
That these highly important and confidential nego- 
tiations would have been entrusted to General 
Scott, unless the President had been convinced 
of his skill, tact, and diplomatic ability, no one 
who considers the characteristic prudence and 
dom of Mr. Madison will for a moment believ 

On his return from Europe he was placed in c 
mand of the eastern division of the army, with 
Ntw York for his head quarters. In 1817 he mar 
rieJ his present accomplished wife, the daughter o 
Colonel John Mayo, of Henrico county, Virginia 

THANKS OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK, .^ND 
VIRGINIA. 

In November, 1814, Congress had passed a vote 
of thanks for the services of this illustrious com- 
mander, and voted him a gold medal, to be struck 
with suitable emblems and devices. The States of 
New York and Virginia likewise bestowed a simi- 
lar high compliment, by voles of thanks, and by 
making him valuable gifis. Each of these States 
presented him with a sword of the richest work- 
manship. Governor Tompkins, of New York, 
made a public presentation of Ihe sword given by 
New York, and, in his address on the occasion, ob- 
served, that it was presented to him by the Stale in 
token of its admiration of "a niihtary career replete 
with splendid evenls." 

The medal ordered by Congress was not present- 
ed till the close of Mr. Monroe's administration, 
when the following proceedings took place: 
Executive Mansion, February 26, 1825; in the 

jnesence of the Cabinet, and of many other di.s- 

linguiahed persons. 

PRESIDENT Monroe's address. 

" General Scott : Your conduct in the late wai 
merited and obtained, in a high degree, the appro- 



merit. In the battle of Chip 
are entitled to the highest praif 
bestow; and that we are ini 
than to any other person, for 



.ur country can 
i 10 you, more 
victory obtained 



ANECDOTE OF MR. MADISON. 

President Madison, though early persuaded 

Scott's great qualilie.s, hesitated at every step of 

pur hero'e prmnolMnr on ihe ground of his extreme 



■y. In the bat- 
Upper Canada, 



of Congress and youi 
ties of Chippewa and Niaga 
in the campaign of 1814, your daring enterpri 
and gallantry in action were eminently conspicuous 
" In rendering justice lo you, I recur with pleas- 
ure lo ihe report made oflho.se actions by Ihe mili- 
tary coinmaiulcr, ihe nio.st competent judge of yoiii 



"In the battle of Niagara you commenced the 
action, and your gallantry in several severe en- 
counters, until disabled by severe wounds, wa> 
equally distinguished. As a testimonial of the high 
sense entertained by Congress of your merit in 
those actions, I have the plea.sure to present you 
this medal." 

MAJOR GENERAL SCOTX's REPLY. 
•' With a deep sense of the additional obligation 
now contracted, I accept, at the hands of the ven- 
erable chief magistrate of Ihe Union, this classic 
token of the highest reward that a freeman can re- 
ceive THE RECORDED APPROBATION OF HIS CODN- 

TRY. 

" If, in the resolve of Congress, or in your ad- 
dress, sir, my individual services have been over- 
estimated, not so the achievements of that gallaiil 
body of officers and men, whom in battle it was my 
good fortune to command, and of whom I am, on 
this interesting occasion, the honored represenia- 

" Very many of those generous spirits breathed 
their last on the fields which their valor assisted lo 
win ; and of the number that happily survive, there 
is not one, I dare affirm, who will not be ready, in 
peace as in war, to devote himself to the libertii-» 
and the glory of the country. 

■' And you, sir, whom I have the honor officially 
to address for the last time ; you who bled in the 
first, and powerfully contributed to the second War 
of Independence; you who have toiled fifty years 
to rear and to establish the liberties of this great re- 
public — permit an humble actor in a much shorter 
period of its history, to mingle his prayers with 
those of millions, for the happy but distant termina- 
tion of a life, of which, as yet, others have enjoyed 
the distinguished benefits, whilst the cares have 
been all your own." 

SCOTT AND GENERAL JACKSON. 
In 1819 Scott was involved in a personal contro- 
versy with General Jackson, in which the latter 
suggested the necessity of a resort to the duello. 
Scott, in a handsome letter, replied that neither 
stood in need of such a test of their courage. 
The misunderstanding," says the authorof a bio- 
graphical sketch in the New Orleans (Democratic) 
Delia, " was finally settled in a satisfactory manner, 
and the two distinguished soldiers ever afterward.-* 
maintained relations of a friendly and courteous 
characler." General Scott was at West Point when 
the news reached there of General Jackson's deaili. 
He was president of the board of examiners which 
was in session at the time. He immediately ro.se 
and adrressed the board of visiters, the academic 
staff", and the cadets, as follows : 

GENERAL SCOTt's ADDRESS. 
" Ex-President Jackson did at Ihe Hermitage on 
the 8th inst. The information is not official, but 
sufficiently authentic to prompt the step I am about 
to take. An event of much moment to the nation 
has occurred. A great man has fallen. General 
Jackson is dead — a great general and great patriot— 
who had filled the highest political stations in the 
gift of his countrymen. He is dead. This is not 
the place, nor am I the individual, to pronounce a 
fit eulogy on the illustrious deceased. National 
honors will doubllcss be prescribed by the Presi- 
dent of the United Stale.-; ; but, in the menu time, 
and in harmony wiili ihe feelings of all who hear 
me and particularly with those of the aulliorities 
of this institution, I deem it proper to suspend the 
examination of the cadets for the day, and lo wait 
Ihe orders of the Executive of the United States 
on the subject." 

HIS JIILITARY WORKS. 

In 1821, Scoll, by authority of the Governmsnl, 
produced lii.'< edition of the general regulations of 



TJIE SKJNA 



■ since heeii tlie 



;■;! licoK 



^hicli 



the 



llie. army, which lias ever 
of the counlry and the army. 

In 1826 hepubhshed "Scott's Tactics," 
has been admired in Europe, as well as in this 
country, for its completeness and admirable ar- 
rangement. 
In 1835, under a resolution of Congress, he pub- 
. lished a new edition, in three small volumes, of the 
Infantry Tactics, with all the improvements made 
thereon since the general peace of 1815. 
THE TEMPERANCE CAUSE. 
Scott was among the earliest pioneers 
caiK^e of temperance. As early as December, 1821 
Jie published i]i the National Gazette of Pliila 
ilelphia, edited by the distinguished Mr. Walsh, 
an article occupying some twelve columns of that 
journal, under the title of a "scheme for restricting 
the use of ardent spirits m the United States.', 
Thi.-! was some year."! antecedent to the organized 
eflbrts for accomplishing the object to which it is de- 
voted. Thispaper was commended byMr. WaLsh 
in the following terms : " We think tlje country 
lies under an obligation to the intelligent and pub- 
lic spirited author, for the attention he has bestowed 
on the .subject, and for the in.-itructive and impres- 
sive facts and opinions which he has brought to- 
gether and skilfully exhibited in furtherance of his 
great purpose." • 

THE BLACK HAWK WAR. 

In 1832 Scott was ordered to take command in 

I he Black Hawk war. He sailed from Buflain for 

Chicago with nearly one thousand troops, in four 

steamboats. 

On the Slhof .luly, while on the voyage, the 
cholera broke out among the troop.s 
violence. On the boat in which G 
sailed with two hundred and 

occurred in six days one hundred and thirty cases 
of cholera, and fifty-oiTe deaths. After General 
Scott had proceeded from Chicago to the Missis- 
sippi river, the pestilence again broke out among 
hi.s troops. During the prevalence of this terrible 
ni-ourge, his devoted 



ger that the strife would at once begin between the 
citizens of Charleston and the United Stales troops 
stationed there. The object of the President 
sending Scott to South Carolina at this time was 
prevent if possible, any direct act of collision, and 
at the same time enforce the laws of the Federal 
Government. 

As to the part which Scott bore in this pacili' 
cation, we shall merely cite the testimony of the 
Hon. B. Watkins Leigh, the commissioner fr 
Virginia, to bear certain legislative resolutions of 
that Slate to South Carolina, and to induce her to 
listen to nieasui-es of conciliation. 

" 1 was at Charleston," says IVft. Leigh, " when 
Scott arrived and assumed the command, which 
he did without any parade or fuss. No one who 
had an opportunity of observing on the spot the 
excitement that existed, can have an adequate con- 
ception of the delicacy of the trust. General Scott 
liad a large acquaintance wiih the people of Charles- 
ton; he was their friend; but his situation was such 
that many, the great majority of them, looked up- 
on him as a public enemy. What his orders were 
I cannot undertake to tell you, nor have I any 
means of knowing but from his conduct, which, 1 
take it for granted, conformed with them. He 
thought as I thought, that the first drop of blood 
shed in civil war, in civil war between the United 



h fear 
ral Sc 

y troops, ihere|;;;;;;,j 



States and one of the States, would prove an im- 
medicable wound, which would end in a change 
of our institutions. He was resolved, if it was 
possible, to prevent a resort to arms; and nothing 
could have been more judicious than his conduct. 
Far from being prone to take offence, he kept his 
I temper under the strictest guard, and was most 
careful to avoid giving occasion for offence; yet he 
held himself ready to act, if it should become ne- 
cessary, and he let ilmt be distinctly understood. 
He sought the society of the leading nnllifiers, and 
: was m their society as much as they would let him 
be. Ijut he took care never to say a word to them on 
j the subject of political differences; he treated them 
I as a friend. From the beginning to the end, his 
I conduct was as conciliatory as it was firm and sin- 
I cere, evincing that he knew his duty, and was re- 
perform it, and yet that his principal ob- 
sct and purpose was peace. He was perfectly 
uccessful, when the least imprudence might have 
esulted in a serious collision." 



FLORIDA AND CREEK 

1835 Indian hostilities had 



.ARS. 

been excited in 
ition to his suffering sol-| Florida by Osceola, one of the head chiefs of the 
of all who were pre- 1 Seminole.", and a warrior of consummate boldness 
.•^ciit. Ill ihe language of a letter written at the U"J skill. On the 20th of January, 1836, Scott was 
iinic by .111 officer of the army: "The General's <"'''^i'ed to Ihe command of the army of Florida, 
• ourse of cindiict on that occasion should establish , '"""^ '"^ arrived at Picolata and issued his genera, 
lor him a reputaiion not inferior to that which he '"''''^''s on the 22d of Ihe following month. Distur_ 
has earned on the battlefield; and should exliil)it! '^""ce.'? soon broke out among the Creek Indians in 
liiin nol only as a warrior but as a man — not only 
nsthe hero of bailies, but as the hero of humanity." 
Ill this expedition Scott negotiated treaties wiih 
ilie Sacs, and Foxes, and the Winnebagoes, com- 



lier inhabitants of the United States to an extent 
that threatened to involve us in hostilities with 
Great Britain. On thisfroniier thecitizensenrolled 
themselves as Canadian "patriots," and organized 
Ml connexion with the refugees and rebels. The 
dent had issued, without effect, a proclamation 



.ymp.ilhi 



posed the difficulties on thatfrontier, and discharged 
all the duties of his mission in a manner that extort- 
ed from General Cass, then Secretary of War, the 
following tribute: 

"Allow me to congratulate you, sir, u|ioii this 
■' rtunaic consummation of your arduous duties 
I express my entire approbation of the whole 
; of your proceedings, during a series of diffi- 
! requiring higher moral courage than the op- 
ctive campaign, under ordinary cir- 



nnd I 



1 prosecuting the Creek war, and the failure of tli 
Florida campaign. 

General Scott proceeded immediately to Washing- 
ton, and demanded a court of inquiry- The court 
sat at Frederick, in iVbirylTiid. I( wa.-; uomposed 
of Major General Mac..n,;i. ,:jk| Br^-.i.btr Generals 
.Atkinson and Brady. .So.itt defuidnl liim,=!clf in a 
speech of masterly ability. The couil unanimously 
approved his course. They pronounced the plan of 
the Seminole campaign well "devised, and prosecut- 
ed with energy, steadiness, and ability." In regard 
to the Creek war they said, "the plan of Ihe cam- 
paign, as adopted by Major General Scott, was well 
calculated to lead to successful results; and it was 
r,;„„,i„ r, I . <■ , n, , X, ! prosecuted by him, as far as practicable, with zeal 

Directly alter his return from the Black Hawk Lid ability, untd he was recalled from the com- 
war. Gen. Scott was sent by President Jack.son on mand." 

ft confidential mi.ssion of great responsibility. South! SCOTT ON THE FRONTIER. 

Carolina nulhficnimn then threatened to embroil i i, ,■ ,„„ ,o.,-. .■ , i 

, . . . >....uiu., Ill iiie year 183i an insurrection broke out in 

the nation in civil war. There was imminent dan- 1 Canada, which excited the sympathies of the fron- 



of neutrality. At length a band of 
under the command of a Mr. V. 
possession of Navy island, a ,^ :. I::;iish 

line. They employed the .• ,,,- ,,m a 

ferry-boat between that poiiita: :- I'r .^,,1 inunt 
on the American shore, just uppDsUc. The first 
night she commenced her trips a British force 
crossed over in the night to Schlosscr, cut loose the 
boat, set her on fire, and sent her over the falls. 
This outrage was committed on the 29lh of Decem- 
ber. On the 4th of .lanuary following. General 
Scott was despatched from Washington to the fron- 
tier. He found the people all along the line in a 
slate of high exasperation, from Michigan to Ver- 
mont. It was due to the unwearied efforts of Scott, 
to the grateful recollection of his services along ibe 
sam2 frontier in the war of 1812; his powers of 
persuasion; his manly remonstrance; his eloquent 
exhortations; his determined bearing, that the spirit 
of insurrection was quelled, and our citizens re- 
turned 10 their ftimilies and homes. Too great 
praise cannot be awarded to General Scott for the 
patriotism, the prudence, and the ability which he 
displayed on this occasion. 

REMOVAL OF THE CHEROKEES. 

During the same year General Scott was ordered 
upon the delicate and difficult duty of removing the 
Cherokee nation beyond the Mississippi. This 
ace amounted to 15,000 souls, and they had rcfu.i- 
d to move. General Scott accomplished this mis- 
lion with complete success, conquering obstacles 
hat seemed insurmountable. It was the energy 
ind the humanity which he exhibited on this occa- 
lion that called forth from the lamented Channing 
the following beaulifid and well deserved tribute: 

s distinguished man belongs ihe rare 
honor of uniting w-ith military energy and daring 
pint of a philanthropist. His exploits in the 
field, which placed him in the first rank of our .sol- 
liers, have been obscured by the purer and more 
lasting glory of a pacificator, and of a friend of 
kind. In the whole history of the intercouriie 
of civilized with barbarous or half-civilized com- 
:s, we doubt whether a brighter page can bo 
found than that which records his agency in Ihe re- 
moval of the Cherokees. As far as the wrongs 
done to this race can be atoned for, General Scott 
has made the expiation. 

•'In his recent mission to the distuibed bordeia 

our country, he has succeeded, not so much by 

policy as by the nobleness and generosity of his 

, by moral influences, by the earntst con- 

^ith which he has enforced on all with 

whom he has had to do, the obligations of patriol- 

, justice, humanity, and religion. It would not 

easy to find among us a man who has won a 

er fame; and lam happy to ofler this tribute, 

I iiecause I would do something, no matter how lii- 

. I lie, to hasten the time, when the spirit of Christian 

Georgia and Alabama, and in May General Scott humanity shall be accounted an essential attributt,- 

left St. .\ugU3ti.ne for Georgia. Differences howev- and the brightest ornament of a public man." 

er had occurred between him -and General Jesup, ' 

« Inch terminated in the recall of General Scott, "in i NORTHEASTERN BOUNDARY DIFFICULT! f;s. 
Older that an inquiry" might be had into the delay'' From tli( 



riy performance of 



THE NULLIFICATION E.XCITEM E.NT. 



Scott returned to the Northern frontii 

passed along the Canadian border-line, tlirougl 

most its whole extent. Serious ditficuliieK had t 



duly 



betv 



thei 



Brunswick, growing out of oui iv: ' ! 't L,, v 
question. Gen. Scottarrivcdat Al. :ilMf 

Maine, on the 6th March, J,v:t;i. . n, ,,:,,,„,.■ 
was at that time in session, ami In; ivai>ici,d\cd by 
its members, and the citizens gencially, with every 
mark of respect and admiration. The Governor of 
New Brunswick, Sir John Harvey, ivas an old 
acquaintance of Scott, having fought against him in 
the war of 1812. In that war, on a rcconnoilring 
expedition, Scott had contrived to cut ofl'hi.s oppo- 
nent from all hope of escape. In an instant an 
American ritle was levelled at him; Scott struck up 
ihc weapon wiih his sword, crying out "hold, he 
is our prisoner." But Harvey putting spurs to 
his horse, by an intrepid leap, escaped under a 
shower of balls, to reappear in the following cam- 
paign a formidable opponent of his magnanimous 



12 



THE SIGNAL 



li Sir John a sen 
)W opened liy Ge 



ho fields of Chippewa and Lundy's 

i-official correspondence 
eral Scoll, which led to 
I fortunate results. The troops already in 
the field were withdrawn on both Sides, and an un- 
derslandjng established which paved the way for 
the treaty afterwards negotiated by Mr. WtEsTKR 
With Loid AsHEURTON, which settled the question 
forevei-. Scott was every where again hailed as 



SCOTT COMMANDER IN CHIEF. 
On the death of Major General Macomb, in 1841, 
General Scott was raised to the commund ot the 
entire army. This put an end to the long snd un- 
pleasant controvei-Dy between him end General 
Gaines about those rights of seniority, the details 
of which would fill a volume. 

WAR WITH MEXICO. 

No event called General Scott again into activity 

until, in 1846, he was put into the command of the 

Army of Invasion, and proceeded to the conquest 

of Mexico. 

SIEGE OF VERA CRUZ. 
It was on the 9th of March, 1847, that, with an 
army of 12,000 men, he effected the memorable 
landing at Vei-a Cruz without the loss of a single 
man. In three days ihe army and fleet had taken 
their positions. On the night of the 18th of March 
the trenches were opened, and the army gradually 
closed around the city. On the 2ad, Gen. Scott, 
having now completed his preparations for his at- 
taclt, and having offered a free conduct out of the 
city to all non-combatants, sent his summons to the 
Governor of Vera Cruz to surrender. The Governor 
refused, and the batteries opened their destructive 
fire upon the devoted city ; while the ships com- 
Taenced iheir fearful broadsides upon the castle. 
On the S9ih, the official despatch of General Sc'ott 
announced that the flag of the United States floated 
over the walls of Vera Cruz and the castle of San 
Juan d'Ulloa. During the fifteen days which the 
siege had continued, our army had thrown 3,0U0 
ten-inch shells, 200 howitzer shells, 1,0U0 Paixhan 
shot, and 2,500 round shot, weighing in the aggre- 
gate about half a million of pounds. 

It IS narrated of General Scott during this siege 
that, on one occasion, when he was walkin.o- alons- 
the trenches, the soldiers would frequ 



nd look 



rn:tde i 



tly rise up 
parapet. The General cried, 
! don't expose yourselves " 
General," said one, " you are exposed 
■■■■d Scott, "generals now-a-days can 1 
" y body ; but jiien cannot be had.'' 



down 



• of! 



MARCH TO MEXICO. 
The surrender of jAL.\pi and Perote followed, 
and PoKBLA was evacuated. On the arrival ot the 
advance corps of the army at this place. General 
Scott was overtaken by Mr, N. P. Trist, who had 
aiTived Irom Washington with power to negotiate 
with the Mexicans for peace The mission was 
unsuccessful, and General Scott, whose operations 
had been meanwhile suspended, determined to 
bieak up his camp at Puebia, and advance upon 
the city of Mexico, distant about ninety miles. 
His little army hud been reinforced, and numbered 
at the time of commenning his march 10,700 
men. This maiwellous enterprise was afterwards 
described with great felicity bv General Cass, in a 
speech delivered in the Senate of the United States, 
a body which we hope this distinguished statesman 
may long continue to adorn. " The movement of 
our army from Puebia," says General Cass, "wat 
one of the most romantic and remarkable events 
which has ever occurred in the military annals of 
our country. Our troops, voluntarily cut off" from all 
communication with iheir own country, advanced 
with stout hearts, but feeble numbers, into the 
midst of a hostile people. The eyes of twenty mil- 
lions of our countrymen were fi.xed upon this de- 
ed band. They were lost to us for fifty days. 

•'•■■• hid them from our view at length 
• glorious flag waving 
the valley of the city 



But the cloud i 
broke, and disclosed t 
in the breezes that drifted 
of Mexico." 



CITV OF MEXICO. 
On the 18lh of August, the head quarters of 
ScOTT were at San Augustine, in the valley of 
Mexico. He iiad turned Lake Chaico, and the 
Mexican defences on the National road. Two 
lines of delences, manned by 
equipped army under SANTa Ann/ 
practicable road to the city of Mex, 
San Antonio, and Churubusco : 
be taken, before the army 



CERRO GORDO. 

ScoTT now prepared to advance on the ritv of 
Mexico with an army of onlv 8,000 men His 
first achievement on the road Was the storming the 
heights of Cerro Gordo, where Santa Anna just 
returned from the field of Buena Vista, had posted 
himself with 15,000 troops. ^ 

On the nth of April, Scott issued his celebrated 
order, dated Plan del Rio, and detailing .he move- 
ments and results of the following day. Cerro 
Gordo was stormed ; Scott shared with the hum- 
West soldier m the dangers of that memorable day. 
Me met Colonel Harney on the height just after 
his brave and brilliant assault, and told hitn that he 
wanted words adequately to express his admiration 
of his gallant achievement. He rode by, as Can- 
tain P.YTKN expressed it, "under a canopy of 
cannon balls." Every where during the day his 
calm and cliivalrou.s bearing warmed the courage 
and aroused the enthusiasm of his troops. Three 
thousand prisoners, forty-three pieces of bronze 
a rtillery manu.'actu red at Seville, five thousand 

'i^vf " ""P^"^':?. ff" baggage, on some occasion, 
m ISU, a splendid coat of a British staff-officer 
w.ns seen in the hands of an American. On in- 
quiry. It was learned that it had been taken from a 
pnrtmant.au marked "Lieut. Col. Harvey" to- 
gether with the miniature of a beautiful yount-'ladv 
the bride of that gallant officer, left ,n Ensland! 
Scott purchased both, and sent them to him, to 
whom the likeness, at that distance, wa., invalua- 
ble. — Mansfield. 



and well 
covered every 
o. Contreras, 
icrvened, a 
Id storm Cf 
pultepec, or capture the capital. They were take,,, 
after bloody battles. On the 20th of August, Scott 
was at Churubusco. On the 21st he was met on 
his way to Coyohacan with propositions for ai 
mistice. True to the spirit of humanity which has 
been so marked a trait in his character, General 
Scott acceded to the armistice, with the vie\ 
expressed in his report of the 28ih August ; 
"Alter so many victories, we might, with h 
little additional loss, have occupied the capital the 
same evening. But Mr. Trist, commissioner &c 
as well as myself, had been admonished by the 
best mends of peace—intelligent neutrals and some 
American residents— against prtcipitation ; lest, 
by wantonly driving away the Government and 
others, dislionored, we might scatter the elements 
of peace, excil* a spirit of national desperation, and 
thus indefinitely postpone the hope of accommoda- 
tion. Deeply impressed with this danger, and re- 
membering our mission— to conquer a peace— the 
army very cheerfully sacrificed to patriotism, to the 
great wish and want of our country, the eclat that 
would have followed an entrance, sword in hand 
into a great capital. Willing to leave something 
to this Republic— of no immediate value to us— on 
which to rest her pride, and to recover temper, 1 
halted our victorious corps at the gates of the city, 
(at least for a time,) and have them now cantoned 
in the neighboring villages, where they are well 
sheltered and supplied with all necessaries." 

Disappointed in this humane effort, General 
Scott terminated the armistice on the 7lh of Sep- 
tember at noon, by a previous announcement to 
IS effect to Santa Anna. 

The head quarters of Scott were then at Taca- 
yuba, two and a half miles from the city of Mexico, 
and about 1,2U(I yards from the hid of Chapultepec. 
This hill commanded the city. On its summit was 
I strong and immense fortress. At its foot was 
he King's Mill, (Molino del Rey,) and the Casa 
de Mota, both fortified stone buildings of great 
g'h. They were both carried by our troops 
under the command of General Worth, after the 
ost sanguinary conflict of the war. Our loss was 
787 men. That of the iMexicans was equally great. 
Ihe fortress on the summit of Chapultepec was 



now the only reniaininij defence of the c>ni:al. 
After it had been baltcird for a duy with hewy 
ordnance, it was stormed by our soldiers with re- 

SCOTT ENTERS THE CITF. 

The shouts that rent the aircarried consternation 

to the enemy, and announced the impending fall of 

the city below. General Scott had arrived on the 

tie just as it had been carried, and ■ 

the position of things, determined 

'• ce by two routes into the city. 



»fter a glaii 



The columns of auitman and Worth were ordered 
to move forward in separate detachments. Worth's 
division became engaged in a street fight in the sub- 
urbs, but forced its way and look up its quarters 
close upon the city, duitman advanced still further 
on another road, and afier some hard fighting, en- 
camped within the gates. On the whole of this" 
eventful and glorious day Scott liad displayed 
wonderful activity, and had been at all points 
where he could best give directions, animate the 
troops, or share in the conflicts of his brave com- 
rades. In every place he exhibited the coolest 
self-command, united with the greatest vigilance 
and ardor. And now, as heretofore, in all the 
movements by which Mexico had at length fallen 
into his griisp, he manifested a prudential care, a 
sagacious .foresight, an unconquerable heroism, as 
well as the highest military genius. 

During the night, Santa A°nna, finding all further 
resistance vain, withdrew the remnant of his army 
from the city, and on the morning of the 14ih our 
troops entered the Grand Plaza. The American 
flag was hoisted from the top of the National 
Palace, and at the same moinent, General Scott, at 
the head of his staff, rode thrcnigh the column to 
the Plaza. The enemy were still firing from the 
housetops, and as the General passed the voltigeurs, 
who were yelling and cheering, he waved his cap, 
while the tears rnn down his cheeks, and exclaimed, 
"Jtfi/ heart is with you." 

The heartfelt welcome, writes an eye witness, 
that came from our little band, was such as Mon- 
ima's halls had never heard, and must have 
deeply affected the General. Well they might, for 
of the ten thousand gallant spirits that welcomed 
him at Puebia, scarcely seven thousand were left. 
The bloody fields of Contreras, Churubusco, San 
Antonio, El Molino del Rey, Chapultepec, and the 
Garita had laid low three thousand of our gallant 
army, and filled with grief and sorrow the hearts 
of all the rest." 

For five months Scott discharged the duties of 
a military governor of Mexico. During this pe- 
riod the rights and feelings of a conquered people 
were strictly respected. In the heart of an ene- 
my's population of eight millions, and in a city of 
200,000. inhabitants, by his prudence, moderation, 
humanity, courage, energy, and consummate wis- 
.iom, he wielded afi'airs with the skill and facility 
of a magistrate elected to such a command by a 
friendly constituency. 

On the 2d of February, 1848, a treaty of peace 
was signed at Guadaloupe Hidalgo. A few days 
afterwards. General Scott was superceded in his 
command by Major General Botler. "My poor 
services with this aallant army," wrote the General 
in February, 1848, "are at length requited as I 
have long been led to expect they would be !" 

THE PRESIDENCY. 
Veteran, yes, gallant and wise, your services 
have been thus ungratefully requited by your 
Government, but an appeal has been taken to 
American People, and their award will be a 
just and generous recognition of your conspicuous 
immanding merits! A convention of your 
ymen, confiding in the resistless fone of 
popular gratitude, have presented your name for 
highest office in the world. In that position, 
may again illustrate your history by the ex- 
lion of the qualities for which Madison con- 
fided in you, and winch you made so signally 
manifest on theCanaiii ,11 !i,,i)i,.i ,i Charleston — 
e Creeks— II , : ; m the north- 



thei 



hesc qualities which l,;nr v. ,i): 
ind respect of the people, as h 
(•alor and world-renowned militi 
have excited their wonder and adi 



I vou the love 
your matchless 
•y prowess you 



TriE SIGNAL. 



23 



FromllieMw York Journal of Commerce. 

HON. WILLIAM A. GRAHAM. 

The honnrahle William A. G.nlnm, ilir pvr ^ 
Whig nominee for Vice Presul.m ■ I 

Slales, is a nativeo*Lincolnt..n, m ! , 

is descended from a highly respeci^ 



rysK 



16^4 . 



VI r Gr 


ham 


did 


noi 


■CKigr 


.lid, bu 


I wa 


.«ni 


.hp.l 


wild 


h he s. 


rved 


IVilS 


com 


leted 


uhou 


ihes 


nine 


Hi;e. 




recall 


m 


id 


lu' (1 


Irn 


l.bva 


Ereal 


ni.li 






when 
nariceii 


first 


',''',' 




1 II 


iliecu. 








'"■'" 



he graduaie.l wiih disiinction at the university ol 
his native Siale, located at Chapel Hill, in Orange 
county. The late James K. Folk was educated nt 
the same insiituiion Mr. Graham compleied his 
collegiate term when scarcely more than in hi.>= 
eighteenth summer, and at that early period gave 
decided presages of a brilliant future. 

He very soon embarked in political life, but 
turned his ailention chiefly to the study of the law. 
In both pursuils lie was successful, winnins his 
way to public consideration, not by any covert or 
skilful arts of management or inirigue, but by dil- 
igence, faithfulness, close a pplication to business, 
an honest ambition, and ir'eproachable steadiness 
of character. He has never sought preferment, 
but has uniformly shown himself endowed with 
those qualities and capabilities which are almost 
always sure to acquire it. On several occasions 
he represented one nr another county in the legis- 
lature of Norlh Carolina, and was elected to the 
speakership. Suhsequenlly he filled the office of 
Governor of the Slate, with credit to himself and 
satisfaction to his consutuenis. Upon the comple- 
tion of this duly, he was appointed to a vacancy 
in the Senate of the United States. At present he 
fills wiih ability the post of Secretary of the Navy. 
Gen. Taylor tendered him the unsolicited offer of 
ministerial rerreeentative of ihe Court of Madrid, 
which he prudmtly declined. He is not easily 
seduced by the illusions of titled honors, and no 
one discerns more readily the distinction between 
phantoms and realities. He follows no dazzling 
lights. In independent, if not uffluent, circumstan- 
ces, he persuaded himself Ihat the interests of a 
rising family did not require that they should be 
brotight in contact with the seductive allurements 
and expensive formalities of a foreign court. He 
was apprehensive of the malign tendencies of such 
strange associations, and his conclusions were 
sound and rational. Such esoteric influences, in- 
deed, have often proved detrimental to other than 
youthful minds, by exciting in them a prejudicial 
taste of foreign customs and pleasures, and im|iair- 
ing thereby the Roman vigor and Spartan simplicity 
of republican life. Such were the apprehensions 
entertained by Mr. Graham, and he was unwilling, 
from motives of personal aggrandizement, to haz- 
ard the interesis of tho.se who were committed to 
his charge. Consideraiions like these are not often 
respected by men whose ambition haj^nc.e felt tlie 
stimulus ot public promotion. ^w 

In person Mr, Graham is tall and slender, hav- 
ing a dignified presence, an intellectual countenance, 
aquiline features, a bright, penelmting hazel eye, 
and manners prepossessing andaraceful, but slighily 
reserved. He is distinguished for uprightness o' 
character, solidity of judgment, and cool sagacity 
is eminently conservative in his views and princi 
pies ; and enjoys in a striking degree that sincerity 
of purpose, freedom from ostentation, hearty pa 
Irioiism, and uimfTected sobriety, which usually 
characterize the public men of the Old North Ste 
His past career rkarly prognosticates his fut 
celebrity and success, and afTords ample assurance 
that the highest trusts may be confided to him with 
safely and propriety. 

It is somewhit remaikable that Mr. Graham 
claims for his North Carolina home the quiet and 
secluded little town of Hillsborough, and that in 
another town of the identical name'in New Hamp- 
shire, the Democratic Presidential nominee is saiil 



and brawling demagogues, tu m ; - , usiom 

of meritorious ni.-n, in the di.Mr, I. Ill i ■.. .-..nils 

:,,iu r.v .1.1. I.I I. Hire. But if party lOiivi ■ . I... 

. 1. ' . . ... 1 ..iich me>n of palrioii- ni r ' - . 
.^ ii \ ■ ..irnily preferred, they \^ ' i .■ -i '\ 

last adherents and supporters of the federal 
compact. 
-The hero of a hundred battles, who is now whel- 
Ing his aspirations for the »i!,iiiimeiit of ihe I're.s- 

dential prize, could not be ;i.^ ■'''' \. i h .i i^ore 

vorthy, discre«'t,and acce|i';ii • Mv 

iraham. Strategy may, jn!. i liully 

employed in a political, as m i m mi.ii\ . iiii|,,iigii; 

on this occasion it will hardly lie called into 

isition. The unbin.ssed instincts of the people 

will guide them in the choice of their rulers, into 

hose custody are to be placed, not only the mighty 

teresis of American liberty and progress, but. 

illaterally, the universal alliance of freedom and 

of equal rights throughout the world. 

In a nation hke this, its permanent progressive 
ilfare and prosperity must depend, to a consider- 
able extent, upon a wise and consi.'-tent course of 
egislation. And, in the event of a Whig triumph, 
f any "hasty plates of soup" shall he served up at 
he White House, Mr. Graham will be sure to let 
his allowance cool before he dip3«into it. He 
lishes nothing hasty,' hot, or strong. 

ACTON. 



That stick of candy, — Ex-Governor Steele, of 
New Hampshire, seems to have retired to ])rivatc 
life immediately after delivering his high-wrought 
eulogium upon Frank Pierce on account of his hav- 
ing once given a boy a whole cent to buy a stick of 
candy, "although the_boy was an utter stranger 
at the time." Since the'date of this speech, the ex- 
Governor l^g||not been heard of, and it is supposed 
he has be" privately advised not to take the 
sfUmp. The candy story, however, travels far and 
wide — with no appearance of melting under the 
summer sol.-^tice. At a Whig raiificaiion meeting 
in Newark, N. J.,' a day or two since, the Hon. 
Benjamin Gardner, of Alabama, in the course of 
his speech, gave quite a ludicrous account of the 
candy adventure, with histrionic imitations, which 
produced convulsions of laughter, " Why," said 
he, "almost any one else would have given. the 
boy five cents — but Pierce gave him only one. 
Any body else would have given him a fip, so that 
he might have bought candy enough to treat the 
other boys, no as to heap coals of fire on their 
heads, as they were too stingy to give him any, 
but Pierce only gave him a cent to buy enough to 

immortalized himsell', certainly, if not the subject 
of his eulogy. — LewelL [Mass ) Jownul. 



Fiom the Acmi Orlims I 
THE SCOTT RAN' 



During ihe proceedings of the evening, the fnl 



OLD "LUNDY'S LANE.' 
AIR — " Carry mr. back," etc. 
Fling outl Fling out! 
. song and slinii 



Ou 


b.iii 


ers from 


he watt 1 


The Old t 






OfiVI 


GXICO 






R. 


eivps 


his count 


■y-scall' 


A ih. 
In mn 


ny r 


1 times. 




H.n 




mry grnced his brow 


Shall 


we (> 


11 back. 




In th 


<nfa 


ck, 




An 


1 lea 


e his coIo 


■s now ' 


Chorus- 


-At 


em again. 





Georgia's shore. 



hav 



been born. 1 1 



ither 



much less accidental, but more worthy of notice, 
in the character and fortunes of these two di^tin- 
guished individuals. Enteriaining opposite political 
creeds, and gratifird with the high politiral position 
they had achieved — boili of ihem occupying seats 
in the United States Senate whilst still compara- 
tively in their youthful prime — they were nlil(e 
willing to lay aside the coveted robi s of office, anil 
to wulidraw, each of them, to a small and obscui* 
country town, quietly to pursue the avocations, 
and to practise the substantial virtues and duties of 



White 



If Gen. Scott is elected to the Presidency, the 
humblest citizen will be protected as surely, in all 
that is his own, as him of higher pretensions. No 
one will dispute this who has at all studied the 
character of the man. "On you see that small 
cabin yonder?" S'ld an impassioned orator the 
other day, addressing a crowd around him on the 
bluft— "Oo you see that small cabin yonder.' 
Twenty years ago that was Gen Scott's head- 
quarters. We intend to put him in tht 
House at Washington— but when there, 
never forget or contemn the log cabin." 
swering "huzza!" went up from the crowd most 
heartily. Tliey believed it, for they were nevei 
disappointed in Gen. Scott.— Gaienii {IlL) Adverti 



The New York Journal of commerce, with Dem- 
ocratic affinities, acknowledges the abilities and 
patriotism of Gen. Scutt, and his soundness upor 
the Compromise questions, and will, in the com- 
10 part against him. 



From Maine tc 
Our battle cry 
I.s, "do or die— 

For Union, evermore 1' 

The Locos grin. 
And think they'll win. 

By shouting ^'feathers andfu: 
" Sott;)"— they say — 
Can't gain the day. 

In a Presidential muss! 
But Lundy's Lane, 
'Tis very plain, 

Can well afford to smile. 
When such email game 
Attack his fame. 

Why don't they size his pile,' 
Chorus— A.t 'em again, etc. 

Chapdltkpec, 
Without a speck, 

Flings up against the skies : 
The fl.ig we raise. 
With SOI 

" Unlo 
The Sou 
A ste.ulv b,iiul. 

With North, and East, and We 
Now Locos, pmy 
Do fii-eaway. 

We're charging, all abreast! 
Chorus — At 'em again, etc. 



rsofprake, 
and Co'npromi: 



Good,— The Wisconsin published a few days 
since a s-ng, called a "Hurrah for Pierce and 
King"-toiheairof "L.feon the Ocean Wave," 

The Chicago Journal thereupon remarks; 

We think It would be more appropr ate with an 
air from the northwest, entitled " Death on the In 
land sea." 



•The Boston Transcript 
the fiist Slump speech 
t young genil'-man of 



It, taki 



illustrating a ^pee 
gives a humorous accoi 
in fa^or of Gen. Scott 

Sommerville, who chose lor his rostrum ine steps 
of a church. After a brilliant review of the lile 
and services of the hero of Lundy's Lane, " ihts 
expected overwhelmingly brilliant peroration was 
accidently cut short by the accidental stepping over 
the edge of his "platform," by the eloquent 
voun-' orator, who rolled heavily down ihe steps 
and embankment, but on being picked up by two 
lads' who had alone been his auditors, he declared 
he had only been showing hoio Gen. Pierce fellfrom 
his horse.'''' 



24 



THE vSlGNAL. 



THE SIGNAL. 



CITY OP WASHINGTON, JULY 10, J852. 
WHIG NOMINATIONS. 

FOR PRESIDENT, 

VV[NFIELD SCOT'i\ 

Of New Jersey. 
FOR VICE PRESIDENT, 

WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, 

Of Norlh Carolina. 



LIFE AND SERVICES OF SCOTT, 
lu the foregoing pages we have placed 
a sketch of the civil and military services 
of General Scott, compiled from various 
sources, which we take pleasure in acknow- 
ledging. We have been indebted to a fair 
.ind candid article in the New Orleans Del- 
ia, which, notwithstanding its Dempcratic 
tendencies, renders ample justice to the 
Whig candidate. We have borrowed 
paragraph or two from the Picayune, and 
from a communication from a Southern 
Whig in the Baltimore Patriot, and from 
the pictorial life recently issued. But we 
have to admit our obligations mainly to 
the very excellent and ample Life of Scotl 
by Edward D. Mansfield, esq., of Cin- 
cinnati, by which we have verified the 
several statements of the text, and which 
we take great pleasure in commending to 
the attention of all of our readers who 
seek to refresh their recollection of the 
great deeds of which it treats. 

We have passed somewhat rapidly over 
the battles of Mexico, because it is our 
intention to republish in our columns from 
time to time the despatches of General 
Scott, descriptive of those great achieve- 
ments. Our Democratic friends are dis- 
posed lo criticise Scott'.s letters pretty 
severely ; we wish to learn what they 
will have to say about his Despatches and 
(rpneral Orders. 



the Presidential election, except possibly 
in the case of Tennessee and Geo^ia. 
The withdrawal of Mr. Gentry and Mr. 
Williams from the support of General 
Scott we sincerely regret. They arc 
Whigs, and have always been true to 
tlieir party. They were unfortunately too 
far committed in opposition to General 
Scott before his nomination to come 
gracefully into his active support. 

Mr. Faulkner, of Virginia, has always 
been a very doubtful Whig, and his se- 
cession will probably cost the party one 
vote in a State that never gave a Whig 
majority. 

Mr. Brooke, of Mississippi, was former- 
ly a Whig. He was placed in nomination 
for the United States Senate in the legis- 
lature of Mississippi by Mr. McAfee, an 
Union Democrat, who stated that Mr. 
Brooke hjd pledged himself to support 
the nominees of the Baltimore Conven- 
tion, provided they were sound on the 
Compromise question ! We think under 
these circumstances it was hardly neces- 
sary for him to wait till the Whig nomi- 
nation was made to repudiate it, when he 
was already bound by his pledge to sup- 
port the Democratic ticket. We do not 
think that Mr. Brooke's vote will render 
Mississippi any more certain against the 
Whig candidates than she woiffl be with- ! pi 
out it. 

Mr. White and Mr. Abercromuie, of 
Alabama, were elected to Congress as 
Union men, and declined to appear as 
delegates at the Whig Convention. Not 
belonging to the Whig organization thl^y Xe7iLM'^' 
are at liberty to vote for whom they please, i *.""_^."'5'' '?"''''i 
and as Mr. Pierce, claims to be a good 
Union man, and the Vice President is a 
citizen of Alabama, they take it for grant- 
ed that the safest place for them in Ala- 
bama will be in the Democratic ranks. 

Alabama will go, as she always has 
gone, for the Democratic ticket. They 
could not have carried Alabama for Gen- 
eral Scott or any other Whig if they had 
come out in his favor. 

It is several years since Messrs. Toombs ' ^^^^^'^hei^ily"" 



couise in favor of the Democratic, can- 
didate. These gentlemen are as local, 
sectional, and fanatical in their southern 
views as Giddings or Horace Mann in 
an opposite direction, and nothing can be 
more laughable than their pretensions to 
"nationality." They understand by "na- 
tionality" any thing that will answer best 
for the especial meridian of Georgia. 

We consider the criticism of General 
Scott's letter by the seceders as trifling 
in the extreme. That letter we published 
in our first number, and in our judgment 
it was a document that ought to be entire- 
ly satisfactory to every Whig. Enclosed 
in it was the official copy of the Whig 
platfjprm, which with the authentication of 
the signatures of the President and Sec- 
retaries of the Convention we annex. 

THE OFFICIAL PLATFORM OF THE WHIG 
NATIONAL CONVENTION. 
The VVhJors of the United States, in convention 
aascmbled, firmly adhering to the great eoiiaerva- 
tive republican principles by which Ihey arc con- 
trolled and groverncd, and now, as ever, relying- 
upon the intelligence of the American people, with 
an abidinff confidence in their capacity for eelf 
government and their continued devotion to the 
ConBtiluiion and the Union, do proclaim the fol- 
lowing as the political sentiments and determina- 
tions, for the establishment and maintenance of 



ational orga 



parly 



I'HK SECEDERS AND GENERAL SCOTT. 
We publish in another column the card 
nf three members of the Union party from 
Georgia, one from Mississippi, two from 
.-Klabama, one from Virginia, and two and Stephens have acted with the Whig '^f ^'' 



which thei 
effected. 

1. The Government of the United States is of a 
limited character, and it is confined to the exercise 
of powers expressly granted by the Constitution, 
and such as may bo necessary and proper for car- 
rying the granted powers into full execution, and 
that all powers not thus granted or necessarily im- 

e^pressiy reserved to the Slates respect- 
ively and to the people. 

2. The State governments should be held secure 
in their reserved rights, and the General Govern- 
ment sustained in its constitutional powers, and 
the Union should be revered and watched over as 
"the palladium of our liberties." 

3. That while struggling freedom, every\vh;^rc, 
enlists the warmest sympathy uf the Whig party, 

till adhere to the doctrines of Ihc Faihor ol his 
nnounced in his Farewell Address, 
■selves free from all entangling alH- 
tries, and of never quitting 
to stand upon foreign ground. That our 
as a Kepublic is not to propagate our opin- 
ions, or impose on other countries our lurm of go 
vernment, by artifice or force, but lo teach by ex- 
ample, and show by our success, moderation, and 
jutice, the blessings of self-government, and the 
advantages of free institutions. 

4. That where the people make and control the 
Government, they should obey its Constitution, 
laws, and treaties, as they would retain their self- 
respect, and the respect which they claim, and will 
enforce from foreign powers. 

5. Government should be conducted upon prin- 
ciples of the strictest economy, and revenue suffi 
cient for the expenses thereof, in time of peace, 
ought to be mainly derived fruin a duly on imports, 
and not from direct taxes; and in ievyins- such 

sound policy i 



Whigs fom Tennessee, wlir> have 
clared the intention of withholding their 
support from the nominee of the Vv^hig 
National Convention for the Presidency of 
the United States. 

V/e cannot perceive that this movement 
i.- likely to exercise any great influence on 



and to all fn 

le- party, and they have now been completely "■ ''"''" t-'onsiiint; 



bagged by Howell C9BB. Georgia has al- li' 
ways been an eccentric State, though with ' .'',! 
thousands of sound reliable Whigs in the 
ranks, among whom Messrs. Toombs and 
Stephens may lose their influence by this 
demonstration ai{"''isl the Whig, and of 



J. Tnc Feder: 
jsncriiy, peac 



Hi orniii.jiig the Statc.=; such iin- 
, in every instance, national and 
laracter. 

and State Governments are parts 
ike nerets'iry for the conlrnon 
and security, and ought to be 



THE SIGNAL 



25 



regarded alike with a cordial, habitual, and im- 
movable attacbment. Respect for the authority of 
each, and arquiiscciice in the constitutional mea- 
6ures of each, are dutica required by the plainest 
1, of State, and individual 



S. Thi-, series of acts of the Slat Congrress, com- 
monly known as the Compromise or Adjustment, 
(the act for the recovery of fugitives from labor 
included,) arc received and acquiesced in by the 
Wlnga ol the United States as a final settlement, 
in principle and substance, of the subjects to which 
they relate, and so far as these acts are concerned, 
we will maintain them, and insist on their strict 
enforcement, until lime and experience shall de- 
mpnstrate the necessity of further legislation to 
g-uard against the evasion of the laws on the one 
hand, and the abuse of their powers on the other, 
not impairing their present efficiency to carry out 
the rrquireraenla of the Constitution, and we de 
precate all further agitation of the questions thus 
settled, as dangerous to our peace, and will dis- 
countenance all efforts to contmuc or renew such 
agitation, whenever, wherever, or however made; 
and we will maintain this settlement as essential 
to the naiionaljty of the Whig party and the in- 
tegrity of the Union. 



y'ice Presidents — Nathan D. Appleton, of Maine; 
George W. Nesmith, of New Hampshire; Carlos 
Uoolidge, of Vermont; Seth Sprague, of Massarhu • 
eetts; R W. B. Cranston, of Rhode Island; Samuel 
R. Hubbard, of Connecticut; Edward P. Cowlcs, of 
New York; James Stewart, of New Jersey; John 
Strohm, of Pennsylvania; Caleb S. Layton of Del- 
aware; Francis P. Phelps, of Maryland; Wm. L. 
Goggin. of Virginia; A. H. Sheppard, of North Car- 
olina; Wm. Whaley, of South Carolina; Sealon 
Grantland, of Georgia; Thomas J. Frow, of Alaba- 
ma; Joseph B. Cobb, of IVIississippi; J. C. Van 
Winkle, of Louisiana; Samuel F. Vinton, of Ohio; 
Johns. Williams, of Kentucky; Wm. H^ Snced, of 
Tennessee; Milton Stapp, of Indiana; Benjamin S. 
Edward, ol Illinois; Hon. J. G. Miller, of Missouri; 
Wm. H. Gaines, of Arkansas; Jones M. Edwards, 
of Michigan; General Joseph M. Hernandez, of 
Flori.la; J. U.N. Murray, of Texas; N. McKinney, 
of Iowa; J. E. Arnold, of Wisconsin; and R. W. 
Heath, of California. 

R. A. Upton, of Louisiana, 
Secretary of Whig National Convention. 

James W. Bryan, of North Caroiina; S. M. Bal 
lard, of Iowa; W. F. Stewart, of California; S.Col 
lax, of Indiana; John C. Kunkle, of Pennsylvania; 
Wm. C. Worthington, of Virginia; N. S. Perkins, 
of Connecticut; G. W. Meeker, of Illinois; William 
Thompson, of Michigan; G. W. Dunlap, of Ken- 
lucky; J. Murrcll, of Vermont, Assistant Secrcta- 



These are the resolulions which General 
Scott enclosed in his reply to General 
Chapman, and made a part of it. We 
submit that no ingenuity could devise a 
more full, ample, and satisfactory mode 
of committing a candidate to a platform 
than this very mode adopted by General 

StOTT. 

But he goe.s farther than merely to ac- 
cept the platform — much farther. In ad- 
dition to this .special acceptance, in no 
spirit of ostentation, but with the conscious 
rectitude of a man whose honor has never 
been impeached, he presents his whole 
public life as a TLEDGE and GUARyVN- 
TEE of his^" STRICT ADHERENCE 

TO THE PRINCIPLES OF THE WhIG PARTY 
AS EXPRESSED IN THE RESOLUTIONS OF 

THE Convention." 

Hg offers the same pledge and guaran- 
tee that he will " discountena.nce all 

POLITICAL AGITATION INJURIOUS TO THE 



INTERESTS OF SOCIETY AND DANGEROUS 

TO THE Union." 

He gives us, in short, his word that he 
will STRICTLY ADHERE to the princi- 
ples and doctrines of the platform, and 
appeals to " more than forty years of pub- 
lic service " as the only pledge and guar- 
antee in his power that his word will 

BE KEPT. 

What more can we ask > What more 
can any man give ? 

Tho.«e who are looking for an excuse to 
shift their positions with the view of bet- 
tering them ; those who have never ac- 
knowledged party allegiance, but cling 
loosely to such connexions as they deem 
most likely to benefit them for the time, 
and disavow them with weathercock fa- 
cility ; those who play capriciously with 
politics, and derive importance from the 
claim to hold a fancied balance of power, 
which is most generally nothing but the 
power of doing mischief, and preventing 
all beneficial co-operation ; all these clas- 
ses of men may seek, and to their own 
satisfaction find, in the letter of General 
Scott an apology for renouncing the 
Whig nominee and abandoning the Whig 
cau^. But we contend that for all true 
Whigs ; for all who hold to those party 
associations through which alone men can 
give practical effect to their opinions and 
principles by measures which they deem 
beneficial to the country ; for all who are 
willing to confide in the truth and honor 
of an old Whig soldier, the letter of Gen- 
eral Scott, in its fair interpretation, ought 
to be entirely satisfactory. 



nFEOrt before the American people the declarations 
of principles avowed by them when, on former oc- 
casions, in general convention, they have presented 
their candidates for the popular eulfragos . 

•'!. That the Federal Government is one of lim- 
ited powers, derived solely from the Constiiulion, 
and the grants of power therein ought to lie strictly 
construed by all the departments and agents ol 
the Government; and that it is inexpedient and 
dangerous to exercise doubtful constitutional 
powers. 

That the Constitution does not confer upon 
..na.-.,! r::.,...,.- . .j^^ power to < 



the Gc 

and 



THE DEiMOCRATlC RESOLUTIONS. 

In pursuance of our plan of furnishing 
our readers with all the documentary mat- 
ter relating to the Campaign, we now re- 
print from their official proceedings the 
resolutions adopted by the recent Demo- 
cratic Convention at Baltimore : 

I. "Resolred, That the American Democracy 
place their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, 
and the discriminating justice of the American 
people. 

II. "Resolved, That we regard this as a distinc- 
tive feature of our political creed, which we are 
proud to maintain before the world as the great 
moral element in a form of government springing 
from and upheld by the popular will; and we con- 
trast it with the creed and practice of federalism, 
under whatever name or form, which seeks to 
palsy the will of the constituent, arnl which con- 
ceives no iinpostiire loo monstrous lor the public 
credulity. 

III. "Kc!iolved,tliirefore, That, entertaining these 
jViews, the Democratic party of this Union, through 
"heir delegates asferiiblcd in a general convention, 

coming together in a spirit of concord, of devotion 
to the docirincs and faith of a free representative 
Government, and appealing to their fellow-citizens 
for the rectiludc of their intention;', renew and re- 



ry on a general system ol internal im- 

"3. That the Constitution does not confer au- 
thority upon the Federal Government, directly or 
indirectly, to assume the debts of the several 
States, contracted for local and internal improve- 
ments or other State purposes; nor would such as- 
sumption be just or expedient. 

"4. That justice and sound policy forbid the 
Federal Government to foster one branch of indus- 
try to the detriment of any other, or to cherish the 
interests of one portion to the injury of anether 
portion of our common country; that every citizen, 
and every section of the country, has a right to de- 
mand and insist upon an equality of rights and 
privilege.^, and to complete and ample protection of 
persona and property from domestic violence or 
foreign aggression. 

"5. That it is the duty of every branch of the 
Government to enforce and practise the most rigid 
economy in conducting our public affairs, and that 
no more revenue ought to be raised than is rcquir- 
ed to defray the necessary expenseaof the Govern- 
ment, and for the gradual but certam extinction 
of the public debt. 

" 6. That Congress has no power to charter a 
National Bank; that we believe such an institution 
one of deadly hostility to the best intereata of the 
country, dangerous to our republican institutions 
and the liberties of the people, and calculated to 
place the business of the country within the con- 
trol of a concentrated money power, and above the 
laws and the will of the people; and that the ro- 
sulls of Democralic legislation, in Ihia and all 
other financial measurea upon which issues have 
been made between the two political parties of the 
country, have demonstrated, to candid and prac- 
licnl men of all parties, their aoundnesa, aafety, 
and utility in all business pursuits. 

"7. That the separation of the moneys of the 
government from banking inatitutiona is mdiapen- 
sable for the safely of the funds of the governmeni 
and the righta of the people. 

"S. That the liberal principles embodied by Jef- 
ferson in the Declaration of Independence, and 
sanctioned in the Constitution, which makes ours 
the land of liberty and the asylum of the oppressed 
of every nation, have ever been cardinal principles 
in the Democratic laith; and every attempt to 
abridge the privilege of becoming citizens and the 
owners of soil among us ought to be resisted with 
the same spirit which swept the alien and sedition 
laws from our statute books. 

"9. That Congress has no power under the Con- 
stitution to interfere with or control the domestic 
institutions of the several States, and that such 
States are the sole and proper judges of every thing 
appertaining to their own afiairs, not prohibited 
by the Constitution; that all efforts of the Aboli- 
tionists or others made to induce Congress to in- 
terfere with queetions of slavery, or to take incipi- 
ent sieps in relation thereto, are calcula'ted to lead 
to the most alarming and dangerous consequences; 
and that all such efforts have an inevitable ten- 
dency to diminish the happiness of the people and 
endanger the stability and permanency of the 
Union, and ought not to be countenanced by any 
friend of our political institutions. 

iV. "Resolved, That the foregoing proposition co- 
vers and was intended to embrace the whole subject 
ol slavery agitation in Congress; and therefore the 
Democratic party of the Union, standing on this 
national platform, will abide by and adhere to a 
faithful execution of the acts known as the Com- 
promise measures settled by the last Congress, 
'the act for reclaiming fugitives from service or 
labur' included; which act, being designed to 
carry out an express provision of the Constitution, 
cannot with fidelity thereto be repealed or so 
changed as to destroy or impair its efficiency. 

V. "Resolved, Thatthe Democratic parly will re- 
sist all attempts at renewing, in Congress or out of it, 
the agitation of the slavery question, under what- 
ever shape or color the attempt may be made. 

VI. "Resolved, That the proceeds of the public 
lands ought to be sacredly applied to the national ob- 
jects apecified in the Conatitulion; and that we arc 
opposed to any law for the distribution of such pro- 



26 



THE SIGNAL 



inexpedient in 



crods nmonET ihe Statps, 
p,.li.yanH rept.^nant to Ih ouns.uui,..r 
VII 'Hesolved. That we are <leri ledly 
to taking from the Pre^irleiit (he quali 
power, liy which he is enabled, under reetrirtions 
and reeponeihilities amply eufBcient to puard the 
public inlercet. to suspend the passage of a bill 
whose merits cannot secure the approval of two 
thirds of the S.naie and Houise of KcpreeentativeB 
until the judgment of Ihe people can be obtained 
therfon, and which has saved the American peo 
pie fr.im the corrupt and tyrannical domination of 
the Bank of the United Stales, and from a cor- 

VIII. -RisnlMd. That the D.mocrnnc parly will 
f:iithlully abide by and uphold the principles laid 
down in the Kentucky and Virgfinia resolution", of 
179S, and in the report of Mr. ftladifon to Ihe Vir- 
ginia If g-islature in 1799; that it adopts those prin- 
ciples 36 consiituting one of the main foundations 
of its political creed, and is resolved to carry them 
out in iheir obvious meaning and import. 

)X. '•Resolved. Thai the war with Mexico, upon 
all the principles of patriotism and the laws of na- 
tions, was a just and necessary war on our part, in 
which every Aineriran citizen should have shown 
himself on the side of his country, and neither 
morally nor physically, by word or deed, have 

X. "Resolved, That we rejoice at tile restoration 
of friend iy relations with our sisicr republic of Mex- 
ico, and earnestly desire for her all the blessings 
and prosperity which we enjoy under republican 
instituiions; and we congratulate the American 
peo[ 1-^ upon the results of that war, which have so 
inanilcstly justified the policy and conduct of the 
Democratic party, and insured to the United Slates 
'indemnity for the past, and security for the fu- 

XI. ••Resolved, That, in view of the condition of 
popular institutions in the Old World, a high and 
sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsi- 
bility, upon the Democratic party of this country, 
as the party of Ihe people, to uphold and maintain 
the rights of every State, and thereby the Union 
of the sitates, and to sustain and advance among 
us constitutional liberty by continuing to resist all 
monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit 
of the lew at the expense of the many, and by a 
vigilant and constant adjierence to those principles 
and compromises of the Constitution which "are 
broad enough and strong enough to embrace and 
uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, and 
(he Union as it shall be, in the full expansion of the 
energies and capacity of this great and progressive 

Of these resolutions we have only to 
say at present, that they were not delibe- 
rately put to the Convention and regularly 
voted upon, as were those of the Whig 
Convention, but they were kept back un- 
til the nomination was made by the South- 
ern Rights men and Freesoilers — the one 
content because Mr. Fierce had written 
no letter to Mr. R. G. Scott, and the 
other because he was the candidate of 
their own selection. The scene of "noise 
and confusion," and the circumstances 
which attended the introduction of the re- 
solutions, are thus detailed in the New 
York Evening Post, a Democratic jour- 
nal, that has always occupied a leading 
position in the ranks of the party. The 
Post, speaking of the Compromise resolu- 
tions in* the platform, says : 



THE CONVENTION. The restiliiti"ns were not adopted 
by Close to'io nominaltd the candidate. They were 
not put till a large number oi the members had 
withdrawn; they were not debated, nor consider 
ed, not even heard; a considerable number of those 
present voted against Ihem, and those who said 
aye, did not know to what they were givinc their 
applause. The pretence of passing resolulions, of 



adopting a pliiiform of political b li'f, under 



The Post of the following day reaffirms 
its statement with additional developments 
in the following emphatic language : 

" \Vith regard to the resof 
been adopted by the Convcn 



! quarters ' the Platform,' ' 
re-assert, in stronger terms, what we said yt 
terday. Further inquiries into the circmnslanc 
aalisly us that, ihat in ssiying (hal tliry didnol i 
press Vie sense of Ihe Conveniiun, we ujkd t 



PHa 



Conv 



TiFY. 'I hey were not adopted by 
Time fourths of the membirs-more than thrcc- 
lourii.s. It 13 Eaid by some— had left the room; not 
more than a dozen of Ihe rest knew u-hnt inas doing., 
Mr. Davis, the President of the Conveniioii, had 
been obliged, by exliau.-tion, to leave the chair 
Mr Irving was in his place, and was exerting 
himself vainly to establish something like order. 
(Jl5»The main business of the Convention had been 
completed; members and bystanders were talking 
it over with each olhcr, and everything was al- 
terrded to but what was going on beside the 
Chair. In 'he midst of this bustle and confu 

noise, of Ihe hasty entranccsand hasty departures, 
something was read which nobody heard, and con 
cerning which very few were aware that it was 
reading. Mr. Irving put the question on all the 
resolutions in a lump. The ayes, in that fagment 
of a conveniiun, just in the bustle of breaking up, 
were more numerous than the noes, and he declar 
ed the resolutions adopted. From oncof the mem 
bers then in convention, who was decidedly opposed 
to a part of the resolulions, and would have voted 
against them if he h.id been given an opportunity. 



, that 






tions put to vote, and was not aware of this pre 
lence that they had been adopted till he heard uj 
it afterwards .^ A Platform made in tliit manner 
does not even deserve the name of a farce, which wt 
yestetday gaveit. A FARCE is played befohe a^ 



We shall have occasion to speak to some 
points of this platform somewhat at length, 
at a future day. Meanwhile we will con- 
tent ourselves with copying the following 
running commentary from the Washington 
Republic : 

I. Ttiisis the old stereotyped platitude, the 
best comment on which is that when the 
Whigs elected General Harrison to the Pre 
sidency, and General Taylor afterwards, our 
Democratic friends insisted that they had 
neither intelligence nor discrimination. They 
will say the same when we elect General 
Scott. 

II. The words of this resolution contrast 
strongly with the conduct uf the Democratic 
Conveiilion. If the "will of" constituents" was 
ever "palsied" by any set of men, it was pal 
sied hy delegates who were sent to Baltimore 
to nominate Cass, Buchanan, or Dqugl^s, 
and who wound up their proceedings by the 
nomination of a man whom their cunstituenis 
had never suggested for any such place. When 
did a Whig convention ever "palsy the will" 
of its "constituents" after this fashion 1 

III. One would imagine, from this high- 
sounding preamble, that, in the nine consecu- 
tive, subordinate propositions, there must be 
something that involves the "rectitude" of 
the propounders, some novelty in politics. Bui 
ihey are all as stale as "remainder biscuits." 

1. No doubt of it; but the Democracy in- 
sisted that General Jackson possessed inherent 
E.\eciitive power, derived from the nature of 
the Chief Executive office and ils necessary 
functions, and independent of the Conslilulinn. 

2. What this means we can best understand 



and appreciate by reference to ihe debaieai Ihe 
close of ihe last session of Conjrress, when" 
Hkkrv Clay was rallying the friends of ihe 
Harbor and River bill to its rescue, and when 
General Cass and IVIr. Douglas displayed 
their "artful dodges," and Mr. Soule and Mr. 
Bradbury read and talked it to death. There 
was never a parly in this country to deny that 
ibis power existed in the constitution till the 
Polk party came up. Mr. Polk vetoed bills 
lireci.sely of the same character as those which 
had been approved by Mr. Van Buren and 
General Jackson over and over again And 
Mr. Pierce will act up to ihe doctrines of Mr. 
Polk — for it is well known that he voted 
«oYi{/is< two river and harbor bills in ihe House 
of Representatives, which passed both branches 
of Congress and were signed without hesitation 
by President Jackson. 

3. We never knew of any one in favor of 
assuming State debts. 

4. Nobody can object to what is on the face of 
this proposition. 

5. This is the very resolution, we suppose, 
on which tlieDEMocR.\TS nominated Mr. Polk, 
and ran up the expenses forlhwilh to sixty 
MILLIONS a year. The present Whig Admin- 
istration has been one of constant reform and 
retrenchment; as Mr. Gwik and Mr. Hunter 
found to their cost when Mr. Pearce, of Ma- 
ryland, tore to shreds their charges of extrava- 
ganceagainstihe War Department, and showed 
that Mr. Conrad had curtailed the peace ex- 
penses of his Democratic predecessor many 
hundred thousands of dollars. 

6. The last National Bank was chartered hy 
this very Democraiic party. \Ve rejoice that 
ihey have come to their senses. With the 
Whigs an United States Bank has long been 
an "obsolete idea." 

7. This was proved by the explosion of Mr. 
Van Burf.n's pet banks. 

8. If the Democracy will only stick to the 
Declaration of Independence, and the Consii- 
tution, we shall be content. General Scott 
was a Virginia republican, and received his 
first public trust from the hands of Mr. Jef- 
ferson. 

9. This is sound doctrine — sensible doc- 
trine — that we never knew any one seriously 
to dispute. 

IV. Good Whig principles. Mr. Fillmore 
took this ground in his first annual message. 
The Congressional Deifioeratic Caucus repu- 
diated it. The Whig Caucus adopted it. Mr. 
Fillmore reaffirmed it in his second message. 
The Democratic Convention was thus forced 
into its adoption — in spite of the groans of the 
Southern State Rights men and the Democratic 
Freesoilers. 

V. Good. We hope that Governor Cleve- 
L.\ND, Mr. Sumner, Mr. P. King, Mr. Floyd, 
Mr. MoLONv, Mr. Campbf.ll, the Van Bu- 
RENS, H. B. Stanton, Dix, and other Buffalo 
men, will adhere to it in good faith. 

VI- In carrying out this principle we see the 
Democracy voting against the bill of Mr. Ben- 
nett for giving the old States a poriion of the 
public lands. The Whig doctrine is that these 
lands belong to all the Slates, and in some 
shape or other ought to be fairly distributed. 

VII. We are decidedly opposed to the fre- 
quent use of the veto, because it tends to throw 
political power into the hands^f^ minority — a 
most illogical conclusion for a true republican. 
The veto ought to be employed not as an ordi- 
nary power, hul, as General .Scott expresses 
it, "most cautiously" and under ihe "siriclest 
restraints and neci s^llles." 

VIII. This resolulioii was the "considera- 
tion" lor which the Southern Rights men bar- 
gained off their contemplated opposition to the 



THE SIGNAL 



27 



CotDpromise in the convention. Mr. Soule de- 
vised a mode ofreconcllinir mailers, by uflse ting 
an endorsement (if the Compromise by an endorse 
mentdfthe Kentnckyand Virginiaresolutions ol 
'98-99. whieh the Southern rights men appeal 
to as authority tor the Disunion heresies ol 
Nullification and Secession. Thus was 
this resolution, which does nut appear in the 
platform of 1848, incorporated in the plaiform of 
1852. T/iccc/breitvvasihat the Southern Rights 
men, havngprocure4lhe endorsementofSECES- 
sioN AND Nullification (as they olai^m) l)y ihe 
endorsement of the resolutions of '9S-'99, and 
having alsosecured a Presidential candidate "ol 
their own creation and choice," acquie.sced in 
the ratification of the Compromise. That the 
State Riglfls men went into the convention 
with the detcrmiiialioii " to prevent the 
ratification of the platform," we learn from 
the positive averment of Mr. Fisher, ed- 
itor of the Southern Press, in his jour- 
nal of the 3d instant. That Mr. Pierce 
was the "creation and choice" of the 
Southern Rights men we know not only from 
the auspices under, which he was openly 
bronght forward, and the enthusiastic eulogies 
ofM'r. Orr, of South Carolina, but from the 
positive statement which we quote of Mr 
John Forsyth, of Georgia, editor of the 
Georgia Times, and one of the most able and 
ardent advocates of the extreme remedies sup 
posed to reside in the resolutions of '98-'99 
Mr. Forsyth says in a letter to the editor of 
the Smithern Press under date of the 2d 
instant: 



•d<s 



■the 



ULE and those tcho 
'e,' much less to 'ru 

:UCC'S€ of Hie PlEF 



act with him do 
n ' They farneslly 
3E ticket— f.B 1 



* Vuy ask is n voice in the 'paper lltat is to be mncte the 
'orgat'i and they ask this, if for vo other reason 
' test the sincerity of Vtat truce and treaty wtiich was 
' made at Baltimore, and is now so ruthlessly assailed 
< by Gen. Cass in a caucus nf friends. 

"As for us — and 1 s .eak for SotUliern Itiglils De 
' mocats—we shall not be easily driven from the sup 
'port of the ticltet OF OUK CREATION AND 
'CHOICE." 

IX. If the war with IMe.xico was just and 
necessary, then the cuuniry owes the more to 
the great soldier who brought it to so honor- 
able a conclusion — and who, in the conduct of 
it, won for himself the title of the greatest 
captain of his age. The Soiitheru Press, (for 
Uierly,) the organ of the State Rights wing of 
the Democracy, joins issue with the Democratic 
Convention on this subject, in the following 
terms: 



"But we cannot delay our protest against the 
■ (itBrmationcf thejusticeanci polic.yoflh<' Mexir-an 

* warbytheDemoi-t;.tic[Con"eniion.] IVt no7,eur- 

* red fully with Mr. Calhoun in all his opposiiitin to 

* that evil undertaking, and its consequences are be- 
' fore the country, worse even than he foretold." 

X. If you rejoice in our peace with Mexico, 
then you may well join in rendering honor to 
him who conquered that peace. 

XI. It there lurks in this resolution the 
germ of Mr. Douglas's notion of taking pos 
session of all the contiguous islands on both 
sides of the continent to the mid-channel 
of the two oceans, and of making the Gulf 
of Mexico and the Carribbnan seas closed 
waters to the rest ol the world, then we 
should object to it on that account. As it 
is, the idea of claiming that the followers of 
Mr. Van Buren at the North, and the Se- 
cessionists of the South, mixed up with a 
sprinkling of conservative Democrats, is the 
party that is alone capable of maintaining 
the union of Ihe States, is simply an at)- 
surdity. 



WHAT FREES0ILER3 AND ABOLITION- 
ISTS SAY AND DO. 
The avowed intention of a section of 
the Freesoil faction to nominate a distinct 
ticket does not prevent the Freesoil Press 
from manifesting its proclivities in relation 
to the two platforms now extant. 

The J\ratio7ial Era, the central organ, 
regards both as committing their adher- 
ents to the support of the Compromise 
measures. In coming to this conclusion 
the Era was guided by a comparison of 
the official copy of the Democratic plat 
form with the reporters' iinperfect copy 
of the Whig resolutions. The declaration 
of the finality of the Fugitive Slave law, 
which the Era commented upon as not 
present in either of the resolutions, wil 
be found strikingly set forth in the officia 
copy of the Whig platform, as it appear: 
in another page of the Signal. 

The Boston Commomvealtk assails with 
excessive rancour the action of the Wh 
Convention in support of the Compromis 
It declares that the eighth resolution "en- 
'dorses without reservation, and pledges 
'the whole Whig party to uphold forever 
'the Fugitive Slave law." It says, further, 
that "the South dictated the platform," 
and that the Whig party now stands com- 
mitted "to put down all agitation of the 
slavery question." Therefore, this mouth- 
piece of the New England Freesoilers 
calls upon its party to do every practicable 
thing to defeat the Whig nominations. 

Garrison's abolitionist paper, the Bos- 
ton Liberator, in an editorial on the nom- 
ination of General Scott, avers that the 
platform on which he stands "is as deep 
'ly stained with blood as that erected by 
'the Democratic party; " and in oth' 
portions of last Saturday's Liberator, the 
Whig party is classed amongst accursed 
things for having raised a bulwark against 
slavery agitation. 

Another commentary on the absurdity 
of the misstatements of the Democrats, in 
reference to the nomination of Genera! 
Scott, is afforded by the Freesoil press of 
Ohio, which has enlisted in a body 
the standard of Pierce and King. The 
Pittsburg Po«/, a staunch Democratic print 
declares that "th^hole Freesoil press of 
'Ohio," with but a single exception 
now supporting the nominee of the Dem- 
ocratic National Convention." And th 
one exception, we must add, is fighting as 
bitterly as the rest against the chosen 
leader of the Whigs. 



THE PARTIES AND THE PUBLIC 
LANDS. 
The division in the House of Repre- 
lentatives on the final passage of Mr. 
Bennett's bill, affords to the country the 
means of estimating the relative value of 
the policy supported by the two parties in 
relation to the public lands. The bill is a 
limited imitation of the plan long ago pro- 
pounded by Mr. Clay, and is one which 
must commend itself strongly to the sup- 
port of all who believe that the course of 
Congress in legislating upon the public 
domain now necessitates the adoption of 
some scheme that shall deal justice to all 
sections of the Union. Mr. Bennett's 
measure gives land to each of the States 
and Territories in the proportion exhibited 
in the following table ; the eleven States 
first named receiving their respective 
quantities to aid in the construction of 
railways, and the others for school or gen- 
eral purposes: 







Acres. 














Michifran 

Wisconsin 




. 2.500,000 
. 2,500,000 
. 2 500 000 














Arkansas 




. 3,0n0 000 






. 3,000 000 








Iiidiana 










.. 2,30-2.195 


jr. ." 




. I 350 01)0 






9011 OilO * 






900 1 lOO 








Rhode l5lan' 




, 600 000 
. . 3U0 000 


r;'^""^'";"' 




. 6, JO" 000 




















North Carolina 




. 1,650.000 
.. 1,350,000 




















SS----------:: 




. . 1.800,000 
. 1,950,000 


Territory of Minnesota 




. . 1. ".0.000 




150 000 


New IVIexi 




.. 150,000 


District of Columbia... 
Total... 

The votes of the 
against the bill, thus 

Missouri . ... 


160000 

61.351,375 

States stood for and 

For. Against. 
2 1 














Michiean 




1 


Wisconsin 


J 


2 




3 




Mi sissiooi 
















1 


r 1 f ia 
ualitornia 










7 


Inoiana 


] 


7 




g 


10 


j: ." 


... 5 


1 


i^T "u i'-' 


) 










Massachusetts 


6 


1 



28 



THE SIGNAL. 



Rhode Island. 

New York 

New Jersey... 
Pennsylvani-i. 

Delaware 

Norlh Carolini 
South Carolina 

Maryland.!!! 

Kentucky!!!! 
Tennessee 



For the Bill. Ago 

Whiga 66 Whigs 

Democrats 28 Democrats. 

Freesoilere 2 Freeeoil 



Analyzing the votes according to the 
party designations given to the members 
in Greeley's Almanac, the result appears 
as follows: 

The Democratic Evening Post arrives 
at a slightly different result, as appears 
Irom the subjoined record of the division, 
taken from that journal; 



; AFFIRMATIVE ' 



Clias. Allen, Mass. 
John Allison, Pa. 
W. Appleton, Mass. 
N. Barrere, Ohio. 
Hiram Bell, do. 
Hy. Bennett, N. Y. 
O. Bowne, do. 
ses, do. 



Geo 

Jas. Brooks, do. 
ij. H. Brown, do. 
L. Burrows, do. 
E. C. Cabell, Fla. 
.T. P. Caldwell, N. C. 
L. D. Campbell, Ohio. 
J. R. Chandler, Pa. 
C. Chapman, Conn. 
T. L. Clingman, N. C. 
J. S. Cottman, Md. 
A. Dockery, N. C. 
J. H. Duncan, Mass. 

A. Kvans, Md. 
P. Kwing, Ky. 
O. Fowler, Mass. 
H. M. Fuller, Pa. 
R. Goodenow, Me. 

B. E. Grey, Ky. 
A. Harper, Ohio. 
J. H. H. Hawes, N. Y 
S. G. Haven, do. 
J. Horseford, do. 
J. W. Howe, Pa. 
T. M. Howe, do. 
\V. F. Hunter, Ohio. 

Deynocrals 



IVkigs. 

G. G. Kins, R. I. 
J H. Kuhn.'s, Pa. 

A. J. Landry, La. 
H. Mann, Mass. 

F. S. Martin, N. Y. 
J. Meacham, Vt. 
H. D. Moore, Pa. 
J. Moore, La. 
J. T. Morehea-I, N. C. 
E. Newton, Ohio. 

D. Outlaw, N.C. 
S. W. Parker, Ind. 

G. Porter, Mo. 
W. A. Sackeit, N. Y. 
A.M.Schermerhorn.N.Y. 
J. L.Schoolcraft, N.Y. 
M. Schoonmnkcr, do. 
Z. Scudder, Mass. 

E. Stanly, N. C. 

B. Stanton, Ohio. 

A. H.Stevens, Ga. 
J. L. Taylor, Ohio. 

B. Thompson, Mass. 
R. Toombs, G.t. 
H. A. Walbridge,N. Y. 
T. Y. Walsh, Md. 
L Washburn, Jr., Me. 
A. G. Watkin.s, Tenn. 
John Welch, Ohio. 
John Wells, N. Y. 
A. White, Ky. 

C. Wdliams, Tenn. 



W. S. Ashe, N. C. 
Wm. Aiken, S. C. 
W. Allen, do. 
John Appleton, Me 
T. H. Averett. Va. 
D. J. Bailey, Ga. 
W. H. Bissell, III. 
T. S. Bocock, Va. 
J. Bragg, Ala. 



J. Hillycr, Ga. 

A. E. Holladay, Va. 

G. S. Housion, Ala. 

V. E. Howard, Texas 

W. Ives, N. Y. 

J. W. Jackson, Ga. 

A. Johnson, Tenn. 

J. Johnson, Ohio. 

R. W.Johnson, Ark. 



J. C. Breckenbridge, Ky. G. W. Jones, Tenn. 



A. G. Brown, Mi: 
A. Burt, S. C. 
G. W. Busby, Ohio. 
J? Cable, do. 

T. Campbell, III. 

D. K. Carter, Ohio. 
J. S. Caskie, Va. 

E. W. Chastain, Ga. 
W.M.Churchwell,Tenn 
W. R. W. Cobb, Ala. 
W. F. Colcock,S. C. 
J. R. J. Daniel, N. C. 
J.G. Davi^, Ind. 
J. L. Dawson, Pa. 

D. T. Disney, Ohio. 
C. L. Dunham, Ind. 
C. Durkee, Wis. 
W. C. Eastman, Wis. 
A. P. Edgerton, Ohio. 
H. A. Edmundson, Va. 

0. R. Ficklin, III. 
G. N. Fitch, Ind. 
T. B. Florence, Pa. 
J.G. Floyd, N. Y. 
\V. A. Gorman, Ind. 

F. W. Green, Ohio 
W. T. Hamilton, Md. 

1. G. Harris, Tenn. 
S. W. Harris, Ala. 

E. B. Hart, N. Y. 
T. A. Hendricks, la. 
H. Hibbard, N. H. 



J. G. Jones, Pa. 
Preston King, N. Y. 
John Letcher, Va. 
Jas. Lockhart, Ind. 
J. C. Mason, Ky. 
J. X. McLanahan, Pa. 

F. McMullen, Va. 
J. McNair, Pa. 

.J. Mcaueen, S. C. 
J. S. Millson, Va. 
R. S. Maloney, 111. 
C. Murphy, Ga. 

B. D. Nabors, Miss. 
E. B. Olds, Ohio. 
J.L. Orr,S.C. 
J. S. Phelps, Mo. 
P. Powell, Va. 
W. A. «ichardson. III. 
J. Robbins, jr.. Pa, 
J. L. Robinson, Ind. 
Thos. Ross, Pa. 
J. H. Savage, Tenn. 
R.Scurry, Texas. 
W. R. Smith, Ala. 

C. E. Stuart, Mich 

C. Sweetser, Ohio. 

G. W. Thompson, Va. 
N. S. Townsend, Ohio. 

D. Wallace, S.C. 
J. A. Wilcox, Miss. 
J. A; Woodward, S. C. 



It is plain that the old States can look 



render national assistance to undertakings 
that are national in their character. While, 
therefore, they give to the East its due, 
they give a fair proportion to the West for 
the purpose of enabling it to construct those 
lines of travel which will secure to it the 
benefits of cheap and constant intercourse 
with the eastern marl^ts. The Whig 
policy upon this question is just, liberal, 
and eminently national. 



For tlie Signal. 
GENERAL SCOTT'S WAR HORSES. 

In the admirable speech delivered by the Hon. 
Wm. Cullum, of Tennessee, at the Whig ratification 
meeting at Washington, after referring to General 
Pierce's charger, having no peculiar liking to that 
stock of horses which are given to fainting, the 
speaker added; "That horse that fainted under 
General Pierce was not of the old stock that Gen- 
eral Scott rode upon many a battle-field ; for I never 
heard that the glorious war charger of the hero of 
Lundy 's Lane fainted anywhere. I find it recorded 
that one of his gloriou.s war-charger.s in a certain 
battle was cut down by a cannon ball beneath his 
glorious rider. But, instead of General Scott i"aint- 
ing, what was the effect.' Why, sir, lie laid lii.s 
powerful grasp upon the arm of a British officer, 
pulled him from his horse, took him prisoner, vault- 
ed into his vacated saddle, and pursued the flying 
enemy ! There is a General for you !" 

Mr. C, or one of the orators on the occasion, 
(but I do not see a report of this part of the speech,) 

. ,u iir 1 r •.,•.., .. I speaking of General Scott's war horse in Mexico, 

to the Whigs alone for a lust distribution , ., j,. , ,, • , , 

■" ' described him to be a noble animal, that never stum- 

of the public lands. The Democrats favor jyed, fell, or fainted-"of the Pacific breed"-a 
the continuance of immense grants to new I breed of horses highly valued in Tennessee. 
States to secure, if possible, the western [Whether a pun was intended lean not say, but I 
vote; but their grants are governed by no|''^'''=^''= "°'; but, as an observer of the times, I may 
,£,.., , , .,, be permitted to remark, that I should think all 

defined principle, and are made or with- L, , „ , , .. , 

General Scott's war horses of late years were ol 
held as party purposes may seem to re- }..j|,g p.^jj;, breed." With such a horse did he not 
quire. To the older eastern States no j restore peace on our northern frontier; did he not 
grants are made, although many of them I prevent an outbreak on our eastern border; did he 
formerly ceded immense territories to the|"°"l"<=" ""= '"''bulent spirit of the Indians; and, 
tT ■ {■ ■. , f, 1 , lastly, without aid or instructions from our martial 

Union lor its common benefit, and al- L, ■' ,.^ ^ , c. 

Government, did not General Scott make peace in 
though, moreover, they have been called] Mexico .= Surely General Scott's war horses were 
upon to bear a large proportion of the cost | "of the Pacific breed." They never faltered in the 
of acquiring the lands now being given to ! performance of duty. 



L. Bocock, N. Y. 
J. M. Beale, Va. 
L. L. Clark, Iowa. 
C. F. Cleveland, Ct. 

C. B. Curtis, Pa. 
M. M. Dimmick, Pa. 
J. D. Doty, Wis. 

A. Gilmore,Pa. 

T. Y. How, jr., N.Y. 

Jas. Johnson, Ga. 

D. T. Jones, N. Y. 
W. H. Kurtz, Pa. • 
J. A. Morrison, do. 
W. Murray, N. Y. 

A. Parker, Pa. 



A. G. Perm, La. 
J. Perkins, N. H. 
Isaac Reed, .Me. 
R. Robie, N. Y. 
J. Russell, do. 
D.L.Seymour, N. Y. 
0. S. Seymour, Conn. 
E.K. Smart, Me. 
W. W. Snow, N. Y. 
F. P. Stanton, Ky. 
R. H. Stanton, do. 

A. P. Steven, N.Y. 
N. D. Strattoti, N. Y. 

B. H.Thurston, R. I. 
A. W. Venable, N. C. 



S. Brenton, Ind. 
C. J. Faulkner, Va 



NEGATIVE VOTF,. 
miigS. 

A. White, Al, 
R. Yates, III. 



party favorites. The Whigs desire to ar- 
I rest the prevailing practice, and to sub- 
i stitute one that shall operate equitably to- 
wards both East and West. They acknow- 
ledge the just claims of Massachusetts, 
New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Geor- 
gia, and other Atlantic States, and vote in 
favor of granting land to them in quanti- 
ties that will enable them to prosecute 
works of public improvement without ad- 
ding to local taxation. At the same time, 
the Whigs are solicitous to give to the 
West the full benefit of that distinctive 
principle of their party which imposes upon 
the General Government an obligation to 



AN OBSERVER. 



A CARD. 

From the Intelligencer of Monday. 

Wa-shingtox, July's, 1S52. 

To prevent all mistake and misapprehension, 
we, the undersigned, members of Congress, adopt 
this method of making a joint alalement to our 
constituents, respectively, and to all who may take 
an interest in the subject, that we cannot and will 
not support General Scott for the Presidency, a.s 
he now stands before the American people, for the 
following amongst other reasons: 

He obstinately refused, up to the time of his nom- 
ination, to give any public opinion in favor of that 
series of measures of the last Congress known as 
the Compromise; thi permanent maintenance of 
which with us is a question of paramount import- 
ance. Nor has be since his nomination made any 
declaration of his approval of those measures as a 
final adjustment, of the issues in controversy. 



THE SIGNAL. 



29 



convention that 
xplicit upon tbJB 



from 
ppro- 
aly to 



It is true the resolutiona of the 
nominated him are as clear and < 
rjuestion as need be; but Gen. Sco'.t, in his I 
acceptance, which contains all that we hav 
him on that matter, does not give them the 
val of hia judgment. This he seems studio 
have avoided. He accepts the nomination " with 
the resolutions annexed" That i?, he takes the 
nomination cum oneie, as an individual taltta an 
estate, with whatever incumbrances it may be loaded 
with. And the only pledge and guaranty he offers 
lor his "adherence to the principles of the resolu- 
tions" are "the known incidents of a long public 
hfe," &c. 

Amongst these "k7wwn incidents^* of his life 
there is nol one, so far as we are aware of, in favor 
of the principlca of the Compromise. In one at 
least of his public letters he has cxpresaed senli- 
nienls inimical to the institutiona of fifteen Statca 
of the Union. Since the passage of the Compro- 
mise he has suffered hia name to be held up before 
the people of several of the States as a candidate 
lor the Presidency by the open and avowed ene- 
mies of tho5e measures. And in the convention 
that conferred this nomination upon him he per- 
mitted himself to be used by the Preeioilers in that 
body to defeat Mr. Fillmore and Mr. Webster, be- 
cause of their advocacy of these measures and their 
lirm adherence to the policy that sustained them. 

To join such men, and aid them in completing 
their triumph over, and sacrifice of, the true and 
tried friends of the Constitution, and the faithful 
diacharge of all its obligations, is what we can 
never do. The dictates of duty and patriotism 
sternly forbid it. 

We consider General Scott as the favorite can- 
didate of the Preesod wing of the Whig party. 
That his policy, if he should be elected, would be 
warped and shaped to conform to their views 
to elevate them to power in the administration of 
the Government, can but be considered as a legiti- 
mate and probable result. And, believing aa we 
do, that the views of that faction of mischievous 
men arc dangerous not only to the just and con- 
stitutional rights of tlie Southern States, (which 
we represent in part,) but to the peace and quiet 
of the whole country, and to the permanent ui 
ol the Slates, we regard it as the highest duty of 
the well wishers of the country cvoryv;here, what- 
ever else they may do, to at least withhold from 
Aim their support. This we intend lo do. 

ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS, of Ga. 
CHARLES JAS. FAULKNER, of Va. 
W. BROOKE, of Miss. 
ALEX. WHITE, of Ala. 
.lAMES ABERCROMBIE, of Ala. 
R. TOOMBS, of Ga. 
JAMES JOHNSON, of Ga. 
For reasons (o some extent indicated in speeches 
and addresses heretofore made by the undersigned, 
they deem it to be their duty to withhold their sup- 
port from General Scott as a candidate for the 
Presidency. If it should seem to be necessary, we 
will hereafter, in some form, exhibit more fully to 
our constituents the facts and reasons which have 
brought us to this determination. 

M. P. GENTRY, Tenn. 
C. H. WILLIAMS, Tenn. 



GENERAL PIERCE AT CONTRERAS. badly. As I had cleared the chasm, and shot 
A writer in the Boston Times, (Demo- ^'''^'«'' • immediately reined in and dismounted, 



cratic,) wlio was with General Pierce at 



and with great difficulty extricated General Pierce, 
. ,, - . leaving the horse floundering about. I assisted the 

the time his horse fell at Comreras, gives g,„,,,,,_ ,„|,p„n„g i,;^ ^^j.^ my left arm and 
an account of the scene, which seems to leading my horse with my right, frequently re- 
be very well charged with bomb shells questing him to allow me to let my horae go, for 
and cannon balls. This writer furnishes ''« "'''<''' ^^«^'y '''""^ ^''°''"'- ^I'ell would fly past, 
. „ i- ii , u 1 1 r . ''"' I received a shake of the head in the ncKaiive 

information that has not before to our . .i r- i l ,-.,.. 

. from the General, who, speakmg for the first time, 

knowledge appeared in print. \\ e were ^^jd ._ .. ^o, we will want one horse between us." 
not before aware that General Pierce had ' i am not going to talk of warm climates, but 
faintedany where else than at Churubusco. isimply state it was hot work while crossing that 
But from his friend, who writes inthefie'^^- Once a shell fell within eight or ten feet of 
Times, it appears that he fainted frequent- ""' ^""^ "'^ """^"^ ^^'"S '""S it wormed or screwed 
_ „, .. , ., r ,, "self into the wet and clayey ground, and then 

ly at Contreras. The particularity of the ^,,^^,i„g ^^^^ „^^,,,y ^ ,,^,^ ^^^ ^^ ^^_.^,^ ^^^_. ^^_ 

writer's description induces us to give our xhe General at this calmly remarked, " That was 
readers all of it that relates to the disaster |a lucky miss," and manifested not the slightest 
which makes such a figure just now in|=o"cern at Ihe danger with whicli we were sur- 

Democratic heroics. To the account of ] ''"""'''=''• 

,, ., . ,, -p. Having gained the opposite side, I laid General 

the writer in the limes we annex anac-. . ,^= , , , '/ , , ' "'" "^ociui 
, ^ _, I. r^ Pierce down, sheltered by a ledge remarkable for 

count of the battle of Contreras fron Gene- 1^,,, j^^^^^^, ^,„,„,„„uio„ ^ fi,rnished-the round 
ral Pierce's own pen, forming a part of a j shot striking would send fifty fragments in all di- 
letter addres.sed to the editor of the Boston Erections; wliilst the ball itself would rebound, mak- 
PQgf ■ ing a circle of half a mile, and falling short of the 

, J r 1. r>- 1 u ■ 1 . r ,|troopswho had not yet taken part in the engage- 

An order for " Pierce s brigade to pass forward i ' . , . , . 

. .-, , m ■ „ ,• „ J Itnent. Upon opening his c othmg I found the 

to the support of General Twiggs," was followed 1 , "; ,,,,., ,". 

, 1.1 .1 ic u 1 o I AT General's breast badly bruised and his ankle frac- 

by an order to leave the 15th, under Col. Morgan, ' ' 

behind as a reserve, and with the 9ih, (or New Eng- 
land,) under Col. Ransom, (who afterwards fell at 
Chepultepec,,) and three or four hundred of the 



tured. He fainted several times, and having a pre- 
paration in the pocket of my saddle, I poured some 
over his face, and bathed his breast. I then left 
jhim to seek a doctor, and found that the principal 



" Observer," the Washington corres- 
pondent of the Philadelphia Ledger, refer- 
ling to the speech of Mr. Toombs, in 
the House of Representatives on the ,3d 
instant, says : 

•'Some of tlie Whigs, after he had 



ve Mr. Toombs elected to til 
United'States Senate, in ihe place of Sen; 



ipart of the brigade had avoided this field and kept 
After a while I met Dr. Ritchie, of Vir- 
,10, soldierlike, had gone into the fight. 
jOther doctors I could name, doctor-like, preferred 
' " stopping at n respectful distance — " upon a hill re- 
tired to view the scene." 



12th, under Col. Bonham, wc got to Pedrigal, Or 
broken ground, as directed. This ground was 
foriiierly a volcano, and so was almost every sur- 1 
rounding hill, but this pedrigal was the site of a i 
crater, and the present surface spoke of nature's 
convulsions, now about to witness convulsions 
another nature. 

The field of Contreras has the e-xtremc of the ' General Pierce was all anxiety lo be wilh hia 
Mexican heights-their lines of defence extending | command, ami the doctor told him lie must rema^ 
to San Antoine, where General Worth had been en- i^'"'- "^ '«= '^''' "<" ''""^^ "'« «^'«"l '^'' '"" '"J^'-V ■ 
gaged since the evening ofthe 18th, with very little i'^^^"'««' "'"' ^is command was in good hands, 
advantage. It was well chosen-very little raised i (Col. Ransom's,) and he could be of no immediate 
above the broken surface, and completely com- j'^'^"^''' '" '^'** ''"=^''^- 
manding it. Over this broken surface, without | As the General recovered strength 
road, or path, or track, had this brigade 



scramblii 



; upon 



hands and feet s 



helher my horse was sale, and receiving an affirm- 
mes and at i^"^'^ ^"^wer, said, "Then I will try him." I said, 
no time able to keep any proper formation.' In the ;" I <■<=«!■ Y"" ^iH not be able to keep the saddle;" to 
middle of this rocky ground was a corn patch, or ; which he replied, " If I am not, then you must Vu 
field, which the Mexicans had already cut down '«« "«" •'"' Then with authority that put fur- 
for the purpose of more effectually shooting down 'her remonstrance out of the question, he demand- 
our troops, as they took most particular care to «<1 'o be assisted, and he mounted the rocks again, 
have their cannon already accurately elevated. As Having got to McGruder's battery, lie took 
we drew close to this field, partially sheltered by a ;the horse of Lieut. Johnson, who had but Just been 
ledge of rocks. General Franklin Pierce made a wounded, (he died that evening,) while I was or- 
short address to his favorite 9lh, showing the ne-|dered to the rear to get ammunition for the how- 
cessity of quickly getting across and closing with itzer battery, commanded by Lieutenant Callender, 
the "yellow rascals," that we might teach them who, I think, owes his life to General Pierce, 
how to fight fair- 1 can pledge myself to the clos- 1 found General P's injured horse and conveyed 
ing sentence of that memorable address. It was: — him to the rear, and although I had him in the city 
" EememJer, the glonj of^'tK England depends njion of Mexico, he never did any good. He was lura- 
, uoit this day /" ed loose in the wagon yard, in the rear of the quar- 

rica, sollo voce, 'good-by Toombs,' taking leave of ,, . , ■ > , , , ■ i , ., i ,. , ^ , • <• . i, r r. r> . „ 

im on his entering the Democratic ranks. This | ««vmg finished thus, he plunged both rowels ters of the fi.h infantry, near La Cosma Gate," 
pisode showed that Governor Howell Cobb knew \ into his honse'e sides, and Jumping from rock to where he dieil from thecfreclsoftheinjuriesreceived 
was about, when he used every exertion j ^0^)^^ |,g ^.^s about to reach llie corn field, when on the I9th. He had broken the stifle joint, and torn 
his horse slipped his near hind leg in a chasm and his foot nearly otT. When I returned wilh hi.'s 
fell, and falling upon Ihe General, crushing him black horse, presented to General Pierce by the 



30 



THE S IGNAL 



ladies of Concord, it was evening, and tlie firing 
C'.\'ising, General P. had dismounled, and was suf- 
fering much. He lay thai night upon the field, on 
an old wagon cover ; and as the first shot brought 
all hands to their feel upon the memorable morning 
of the 20th— the morning that stamped General 
Persifcr Smith as a laclician, and Shields as noble 
as brave, General Pierce was again in the saddle, 
and his brigade entered the field of Contreras, now 
being won by the gallantry of those who worked 
themselves to the rear of that position, in anight 
of darkness, danger, and anxiety. 

A YORK DRAGOON. 

The letter of General Pierce, to which 
we allude above, bears the date Mexoque, 
Mexico, August 27, 1847, and was pub- 
lished soon after in the Poit. It was ad- 
dressed to a relative. We quote .all of it 
that relates to the battles of Contreras 
and Churubusco. It will be seen that he 
makes no allusion to his having fainted at 
Contreras, and we incline to think that 
the correspondent of the Times has rather 
overdone that part of the affair. We 
think that the two accounts taken together 
furnish all that is material in regard to the 
services rendered by General Pierce in 
the two battles to which they relate ; 

" The official reports of the great battle of .Mexi- 
co will probably reach you as soon as this letter, 
and I shall, therefore, not attempt to give you 
minute details. It was fierce and bloody beyond 
any thing that has occurred in this war. The bat- 
lie differed in many respects from that at Buena 
Vista. There General Taylor received the enemy 
m a strong position selected by himself. Our force 
on the aOth consisted of less than 9000 men ; the 
Mexican force, within supporting distance and en- 
*ged, undoubtedly exceeded 30,000. We attack- 
ed him in posuion, upon ground of his own selec- 
tion, admirably fortified. You will distinguish, so 
far as numbers are concerned, between the battle of 
the morning and that of the afternoon— although 
spoken of in official reports as one engagement, 
under the designation of 'the battle of iVIexico.' 

" One of the regiments of my brigade (the 13th) 
lost, in killed and wounded, one-third of its entire 
force. In killed and wounded we number not less 
than one 1,000 ; and among them, I lament to say, 
an unusual proportion of officers. My horse at 
t'ull speed,on the evening of the 19ih, when leading 
my brigade through a perfect shower of round shot 
and shells, fell under mo upon a ledge of rocks, by 
which I sustained a severe injury by the shock and 
bruises ; but especially by a severe sprain in my left 
knee which came under him. During the afternoon 
of the 19lh, we had gained no advantages over the 
enemy, who remained firmly entrenched with 
7,000 men opposed to about 4,000 on our side, 
without the pn.<;sil)ility of bringing our artillery to 
bear. You will readily conceive that our situation 
was not the most agreeable. The morning of the 
20ih was, however, as brilliant as the night of the 
19ih was dark and gloomy. Soon after day light 
the enemy's works were carried with the bayonet ; 
and of their 7,000 men, regular troops, under the 



command of General Valencia, probably 4,000 can- 
not be found tn-dny. • « • • We continued 
our pursuit until one o'clock, when our front came 
up with the enemy's strong works at Churubusco 
and San Antonio, where the great conflict in the 
iifiernoon commenced. At San Angel, disposil 
having been made to attack in reverse the encr 
works on the San Augustine road. General Scolt 
ordered me to march my brigade, in concert with 
that of the intrepid General Shields, across the open 
country between Santa Catarina and the above 
named road, in order to cut off the enemy's retreat. 
We gained the position sought, and although the 
enemy's line wasjierfectly formed, and extended so 
far as the eye could reach in either direction, they 
were attacked vigorously and successfully. Ar- 
riving at a dilch, which it was impossible for my 
horse to leap, I dismounted, and hurried forward, 
without thinking of my injury, at the head of my 
brigade, for 200 or 300 yards, when turning sud- 
denly upon my knee, the cartilage of which had been 
seriously injured, 1 fainted and fell upon the bank 
in the direct range, and within perfect reach of the 
enepiy's fire. That I escaped seems to me now 
piovidential." 

From the Rcjmblic. 
THE LETTERS. 

It has been objected to General Scott, 
and is still objected to him, that he declined 
to write any letter in regard to the Compro 
mise prior to the nomination ; claiming that 
his sentiments were perfectly well known, 
that he expressed them openly on all occasions, 
and that he would not repeal them iti writing 
until he received the nomination of the Con- 
vention. 

And where is Mr. Pierce's letter to Mr. 
Scott, of Richmond? Did he too refuse to an- 
swer when specifically interrogated, or is his 
reply withheld? This silence of Mr. Pierce 
is nut accidental. The New York Post an- 
nounced as one of the reasons for its ready ac- 
quiescence in the nomination that Mr. Piekce 

HAP WRITTEN NO SUCH LETTER. WaS It to 

please the Freesoilers that the letter is 
suppressed, or, what is quite as likely, 
IS it to gratify Mr. Soui.E, Mr. John 
Forsyth, Mr. Orr, and the Fire eaters and 
Secessionists "whose CREATION and CHOiCk.," 
on Mr. Forsyth's showing, Mr. Pierce is 
claimed to be? If Mr. Pierce declined to 

rite the letter in question, he stands in the 
same position in this regard as General ScoTt. 
[f he wrote it, and has since found it prudent or 
necessary to supress it, he stands in a much 
worse position. As far as any topic of com- 
plaint or suspicion arises from the omission of 
General Scott to write before the Convention 
It is equally involved in the refusal of Mr. 
Pierce to reply to Mr. Scott, or in the sup 
pre.ssion of his actual answer. 

As to the letters in reply to ihe communica- 
tion of their respective nominations, the letter 
of General Scott does not abound so much in 
nice phrases and preltinesses as that of Mr. 
Pierce, but in a plain, blunt way it says not 
only all that could could be demanded, but all 
that could be expressed. Thai our readers 
may have the opportunity of a present compari 
son, we annex the letter of Mr. Pierce with 
that ot Mr. King: 



Concord, (N. H.) June 17, 1852. 

Gentueme."!: I li.ive Ihe honor to acltnowlerig-e 

y.Hir persunal kindness in presemiiig to me this 

day your leitcr ufBrially inforiniug- me of my 

nomination, by Ihe Democratic National Convcn- 



adidale for the Presidency of the Uni- 



all tlie wariiilli of pergonal i ■ ive 

submilled my name to the. -nld 

they have cost a vole for mi', i, lu cs 

other than those which occur M 

I shall always cherieh with prirle anil n-i ititude 
the recollection of the fact that the voice which 
first pronounced for me— and pronounced alone— 
came from the mother of Slates; a pride and grati 
lude rising: far above any consequences that can 
belide me personally. 

lVI=iy I not regard it as a fact pointing to (he 
overthrow of sectional jealousies, and lonking- to 
Ihe perennial life and vigo- of a Union cemented 
by the blnod of those who have passed to their re- 
warii; a Union wonderful in its formaiion, bound- 
less in its hopes, amazing in its destiny! 

1 accept the nomination, relying upon an abid- 
ing devotion to the inlereels, the honor, and the 
glory of our whole country; but beyond and above 
all, upon a Power superior to all human might— a 
Power which, from the first gun of the revolotion, 
in every crisis through wh'ch we have passed, in 
every hour of our acknowledged peril, when the 
dark clouds have shut down ground us, has inter- 
posed, as if to baffle human wisdom, outmarch hu- 
man forecast, and bring out of darkness the rain- 
bow of promise. 

Weak myself, faith and hope repose there in se- 
curity. 1 accept the nomination upon the platform 
adopted by the convention, not because this is ex- 
pected of mc as a candidate, but because the prin- 
ciples it embraces command the approbation of my 
judgment; and with them I believe I can safely 
say there has been no word nor act of my life in 

nflict. 

I have only to tender my grateful acknowledg- 

enls to you, gentlemen, to the convention of 
which you were members, and to the people of our 
inon country. 

m, with the highest respect, your most obedi- 
servant, FRANK. PIERCE. 

To Hon. J. S. Babbouk, J. Thompson, Alpheus 

Felch, Pierre Soule. 

Senate Chamber, June 22,*'1852. 
Gentlemen: I have the honor to acknowledge 
the receipt of your letter, notifying me that 1 have 
heen noiuinaled by the Democratic Convention as 
Vice President of the United Slates. 

This distinguished manifestation of the respect 
and confidence of my Demorraiic brethren com- 
ds my most grateful acknowledgments, and I 
cheerfully accept the nomination with which I 
have been honored. 

Throughout a long public life lam notconscious 
at I have ever sw. rvrri frnm those principles 
Irrh [ia\r!v-rn rhf-i-'v-H ni;ii n^'aincd by the 
II, ■: r ,! ■ 1 : ,,,,i ': '.' I, It- 1 ', 'Mualion ! may 

r ., , ,1, ,,,■■ , ,- . ,•- I assured ihat 

-:',|| ,,:.,,,, ,;, :^,-Mlous!y,per- 

i.nlry aitil the pcrnininnr.y ol our tree institu- 
ins can be promoted and preserved only by ad- 
inisicring the Government in strict accordance 

The platform, as l,"i '.'nly ihr- cnnvenfion, 
rels with my corli it I, J Iih !i is national 

in all its parts; and '■ ,, ,, ,.: , i mily tostand 
upon it, but on all o, , ,,,,,- , , ,' ;t 

been pleased, gentlemen, in i : ' < ■ [.vpnb- 

il regard which I am pi i , i in- 

dually entcriainrd form- .n. ..:■-.,.. lly 

rale thein. The only merit I can lay claim 
an honest discha gc of the duties of the vari- 
positions wiih which I have been honored. 
This I claim— nothing more. 

ilh the highest respect and esteem, I am, gen- 
en, your fellow-citizen, 

WILU.i^M R. KING. 
To Messrs. J. S. Babboub. J. Thompson, Alpheus 
Felch, and P. S.jule 



MIn 



ippl. 



The Jackson Flag if the Union, the Vicks- 
burg IFhig, the Naichfz Cviiiicr. llie Bian- 
don iie/)«WJca)l, and a niiin i i .i.il-ir |., ir- 
is which lately siippoiuil i,, ! , ;, n i-arly 

d Graham at the head ui tiieir euuonal 
cokiraiis. 



THE SIGNAL. 



31 



From Ihe Frankfort ( Ky ) Commomoenllk. 
GENERAL PIERCE— THE CATHOLIC EX- 
CLUSION, &c. 

We find publish, d in ihe Louisville Times of 
the I8ih insiant, wiih a greai deal of panicle, the 
speech whi h Gen Pierce is said 10 have delivered 
upon the subject of a Catholic test, and a Property 
quilificHtion for office, in the recent convemion to 
revise ihe constitution of New Hampshire. 

The present constitution of New Hampshire is 
said to contain a religions test, which excludes all 
Catholics from office. It a'so requires that the 
Governor shall possess an estate of five hundred 
pounds; a Counsellor, five hundred pounds; a 
Senator, two hundred pounds ; and a meiSber of 
the H 'Use of Representatives, one hundred pounds. 

Now ihat a people who boast so much of their 
attachment lo Democracy, and to whom we are so 
often referred as affording an instance of an unde- 
viating adherence to the Democratic party, should 
retain in their constitution such principles as l^ese, 
presents certainly a strange anomaly. Yet, strange 
as it may seem, these principles are not only re- 
tained, but have very recently been re-affirmed by 
the Democracy of that State. 

In proof of which we refer lo our number of the 
J8ih instant, in which we published a statement of 
the vote recently taken in that State, upon the pro- 
position to abolish the Religious test and Property 
qualification, by which it will be seen that fifteen 
Democratic towns cast only 360 votes in favor of 
the proposition to abolish ihe test, and 3,186 voles 
against it; while firiee.i Whis; towns cast 2,512 
voles for the proposition and but 574 votes against 
it. Concord, ilie town in which General Pierce re- 
sid/s. gave 122 votes in favor of the proposition 
and 51)9 against it. 

Fully aware, as it would seem, of the necessity 
of separating General Pierce from his Demo.cratic 
brethren of New Hampshire in the matter of "Ci 
tholic exclusion" and " PrO[ierty qualification" tor 
office, we were told that the General had made a 
famous speech in the convention of New Hamp- 
shiie, which, alihou.;h insii/ficient to convince his 
neighbors of Concord of the gross injustice of the? e 
ami-American and ami Republican restrictions, yet 
fully naiiifested his own position on these qoes- 
tions, and gave cnnvincina; evidences of his know- 
ledge of the«orrect principles of free government, 
anil of his ability us a staiesman. 

This great speech is now before us, for an early 
copy of which we are indebted Vo the enurprise 
and industry of the Louisville Times. In introduc- 
ing this speech to the public, Ihe Times particiUnr- 
ly exhorts its Catholic readers " lo read ihese noble 
sentiments of General Pierce embodied in iliul 
speech, and his unmeasured denunciation of the dis- 
graceful disability against the Catholics in the old 
(and he mis;ht h ive said the present) conslitulion 
of New Hampshire, and ihen a.sk themselves if the 
man who thus boldly and eloquently stood up for 
their lUhis should be made the victim of their just 
hatreil of the odious provision he was so manfully 
laboring to remove." 

With this high sounding flourish of trumpets 
slill echoing in our ears, we sal down to read these 
" noble sentiments," ihis '-unmeasured denunciation" 
of Catholic disability, and found it as follows : 

"M r. PiKKCE, of Concord, said that he couhi con- 
cur heartily in all that the Keiitleman from Ports 
mouth had ulteied, excepl his last remark. It was 
quite obvious thai, so far from having laxed the pa- 
tience of the committee, his speeches upon both 
the great subjects embraced m the resolutions un- 
der consideration had been lisiened to with unqua- 
lified gratification. Not because he threw the 
■weight of his high character and the pnWer of iiis 
arguments into the scale on the si.le of right in a 
cause where ihire was hesitancy — where the judg- 
ment of members w.s not definitely formed — where 
there was a shade of doubt as to the result, but he- 
cause it was desirable that ihe grounds on which 
we proceed in matters of such jJiave import should 
be slated, as ihey h.id been wiiii singular force of 
reasoning and beauiy of illusiralioii. It was also 
a service well rendered, ni.t less in vindication of 
the past than of the present. The moiivps of the 
fathers of the present consliiulion and of the people 
in 1792, had been placed in their true light. So 
much was due lo them. It was also due to this 
on and to the people whom they represent, 



and due to ihe reputation of the Slate abroad, thai 
it will be well understood that both of the provi 
sions — the Religious test and ihe Properly qiialifi 
cation— had been a dead letter, as long as the chair- 
man (Mr- Sawyer) had participated to any extern 
m ihe councils of the Stale. They had been prac- 
tically inoperative from Mr. P's e.irliest recollec- 
tion. The chairman would remember that many 
years ago, at a time of high party excitement, it 
was suggested that a member of the House of Re- 
presentatives occupied his seat without the requi 
site Properly qualifications. But two objictions 
occurred at once to any action upon the subject — 
the first was, that investigation and action, instead 
of rejecting one member, might probably vacate 
twen.y seats; the second was, that no member 
could probably be found to move in a matter so 
utterly repugnant to'public sentiment. 

" The Rthgioustest m the constitution had un- 
deniably been a stigma upon the Stale, at home and 
abroad. It had been repe.itediy named to him, and 
once at least in a foreign laud, as unworthy of the 
intelligent anil liberal spirit of our countrymen. 
Aiihough he had at times felt keenly Ihe reproach, 
he had unilormly referred, as he hatf no doubi 
other gentlemen haff none, lo other parts of the 
consiiiuuon iilusiratiug the true and free spirit ol 
our fathers, and to these as, at least for many years, 
a blank. The great question of religious toleration 
was practically settled, and settled in a manne 
never to be reversed uhile we retain our presen 
form of government, more than iliiriy years ago 
The provisions now claiming the aiiemioii of thi 
committee could hardly be said lo involve an opei 
question. They had been the subject of discussioi 
111 every lyceuin, every academy, every debating 
club, every town; and there was, perhaps, n.j 
ject upon which public opinion and puljlic. feeling 
was so uniform and decisive. The substance — 
if substance they ever hud — having long since 
passed away, he rejoiced that the proper occasion 
had at length arrived to dispense with the form." 

This is the whole of it. 

We began — we read on, and on — anticipating at 
every comma, the sudden outburst of some "7io6(e 
sentiment " or the crushing weight of some "un- 
measured denunciation;" but, alas! how little did the 
result answer to our high expectations. The •'noble 
senlimenl" the •'immeasuiet/ denunciation" came not 
Yet, thought we, it must be here somewhere, and 
we read it again carefully; and not until we had 
read the whole production carefully a second 
time were we fully satisfied that the "noble senti- 
ments," the "tmrneiKtireii i/eTiiijicialion " so elo- 
quently attributed by the Tunes to the speech, had 
no existence save in the over-excited iniagiiialion 
of the editor himself. 

It may truly be said of this speecli, what has 
been often said of other productions, that the body 
of the work by no means anawer.s to the high 
promise of the preface and introiluciion. In fact, 
we would recommend, for the reputation of Gen. 
Pierce, that the introduction of ihe Times be 
slightly amended in its formal parts only, so as to 
begin wiih "Mr. President," and close with the 
usual peroration, and in this shape that it be fur- 
nished to the numerous biographers of the General 
as the veritable speech delivered by him in the 
New Hampshire convention. 

But in all candor we ask, if this speech ia the 
best evidence that can be furnished of General 
Pierce's appreciation of the right of conscience, 
or of his ability as a slaiesuiani^ He had before 
him a theme which mighl have inspired the dullest 
intellect. He had to d^'iscu.-.s that great principle of 
the Ireedom of conscience in matters of religion 
which has. agitated the world for centuries— the 
great principle of free government, th.it no man 
should be excluded from office or public trust for 
the manner in which he shall worship his Creator. 
He had open befoie him ihe history of the struggles 
by which at last the friends of the rights of con- 
science carried Catholic emancipation through a 
Brilish Parliament. The history of the gradual but 
steady prniiress of ihe principle of religious freedom 
from the days af the Reforinefl of Germany, the 
Huguenots of h'raiicc, tlu; Covenaniers of Scotland, 

down in 11 II instance of ihe Calholics 

of En^lm:.; , e h.m He could have 

proudly i . I i i i , i jlmd Democratic brethren 

of New II Mii| liii' t" [III lundamenlal principle of 
a free goveininciii, as iiirurnorated into the Consli- 



tulion of the United States, which declares "that 
no religious test shall ever be required as a qualifi- 
caiion to any office or public trust under the United 
States." 

But how far short of the inherent importance 
and dignity of the subject is this speech of Gen. 
Pierce's.' 

Upon the subject of a properly qualification for 
office, could any man opposed lo it possibly have 
said less than Gen. Pierce is leporied lo have said? 

In fact, although it may bo inferred from his 
speech that he was in favor of n'l ii- ' ; ; . ,1,, ^„.q. 

perty qualification, yet it ca !■. '■ i, ■ \,|J 

while he i/6es nol/(ii( lo .^/mi/, /,. , , . ;■,„„, 

icho, in 1792, introduced Hit C.:ih. ,, ,v, „ , ; ,.,,„■,/» 
gua/i/icalion, the chief reason he a.,.,.-ii.., i,,,- „eiri^ 
willing now to abolish them is the fact, "iliat iliey 
had been practically inoperative from his (Mr. 
Pierce's) earliest recollection." Are we 10 infe;- 
that he would have opposed the repeal of the res- 
triction if it had only been operative.' 

We are compelled 10 believe either that the ed- 
itors of the Times never themselves read the speech 
they publish as Gen. Pierce's, or if they did 
read it, that tl.ey hoped their readers, particularly 
their Catholic readers, would not, but would, take 
for granted that it contained all that they attributed 

In this we think the Times will find itself mis- 
taken. Catholics, as well as others, will be apt to 
examine for themselves the grounds upon which 
their support is so confidently challenged. 

But there is a greater difficulty in this matter 
than Gen. Pierce's lukewarm opposition to this 
abominable lesiriciion; the very low ground on 
which he places that opposition, or the" contempt- 
ible milk-and-water logic wiih which he discusses 
so momentous a question. In the first place, our 
Catholic fellow-ciuzens have a right to ask how it 
happens that Gen. Pierce's own town and county, 
which is very strongly Democratic, gave such ari 
overwhelming vote against the abolishing of that 
bigoted test.' How came it that Gen. Pierce's 
party friends, every where in that State, went the 
same way, five to one? Had Gen. Pierce no in- 
fluence, or did ho not try to exert it on the right 
side? In the second place, they will ask what 
right have the New Hampshire Democracy, who 
have disgraced themselves and outraged the rights 
of conscience by re-affirming that odious restric- 
tion, what right have they to have their own par- 
ticular rcprescniation in the Presidential office' 
What claim have they to the large share of the 
offices which they would be sure 10 receive with 
one of their own set at the head of the Government? 

In contrast with this speech of Gen. Pierce, 
which we publish, we present to-day an extract 
from an address of Mr. WEB.iiTER, delivered in 
New York, December 23, 185U, mainly for the 
purpose of showing that, while Gen Pierce seems 
utterly i.icapable of comprehendinj the great prin- 
ciple involved in this subject, the mind of Mr. 
Webster not only grasps the principle, but so 
elucidates and illustrales it, as to make the ground- 
work upon which the principle of religious freedom 
is based plain to the most common understanding ; 

" It is true, I think, in the general advancement 
of human intelligence, lhat we find what the Pil- 
grims do not seem lo have found, that a greater 
toleration of religious opinion, a more friendly 
feeling towards all who profess reverence for God, 
and obedience to his commands, is not inconsistent 
with the great and fundamental principles of re- 
ligion ; I might rather say, it is itself one of those 
fundamental principles. So we see in our day, I 
think, without any departure from the essential 
principles of our fathers, a more enlarged and com- 
prehensive christian philanthropy. It seems to be 
the American destiny, the mission which God has 
entrusted to us here on this shore of the Atlantic, 
the great conception and the great duty to which 
we aie born, to show that all sects, and all denom- 
inations, professing reverence for the authority of 
the Author of our beinK, and belief in His revela- 
tions, may be .safely tolerated, without prejudice 
either to our religion or our liberties." [Cheers] 

" We are Prniestanis, generally speaking ; but 
you all know that there presides at the head of the 
Supreme Judicature of the United States a Roman 
Catholic, and no man, I suppose, through the whole 
United States, imagines that the judicature of the 



32 



THE SIGNAL 



rouiitry is less safe, that the administration of pub- 
lic justice is less respectable or less secure, because 
the Chief Justice of the United Slates has been, 
and is, an ardent adherent of that religion. And 
so it is in every department of society amongst us. 
In both Houses of Congress, in all public offices, 
and all public affairs, we proceed on the idea that 
u man's religious belief is a matter above human 
law; that it is a question to be settled between him 
and his Maker, because he is responsible to none 
hut his Maker for adopting or rejecting revealed 
truth. And here is the great distrnction which is 
sometimes overlooked, and which 1 am afraid is 
now too often overlooked, in this land, the glorious 
inheritance of the son^of the Pilgrimiscc Men, for 
llieir religious sentiments are accountable to God, 
and to God only. Religion is both a communica- 
tion and a tie between man and his Maker; and to 
his own master every man standeth or falleth." 

F)-mn the Boston Daily Aduerliaer, June 30. 
\Vltig Ratilicatiou Meeting in Boston. 

Faneuil Hall was filled at an early hour last 
evening, in answer tu the call fur a meeting of 
those desirous to support the Presidential no- 
minations of the Whin; Convention at Balti- 
more. Hon. Robert C. VVinthrop presided, 
assisted by a number of vice presidents and 
secretaries. Mr. Wintlirop opened the pro- 
ceedings by an able and appropriate address, 
and then the following resolutions were offered 
by Mr. C. T. Russell : 

"Resolved, That the Whigs of Boston and of the 
county ot Sufrulk,in Faneuil Hall assembled, avow 
and declare their adherence to, and their inten- 
tion, in common with their brethren throughout 
the Union, to maintain those great principles 
which have been affirmed and promulgated by the 
recent Whig' iSational Convention at Baltimore; 
and, ijs the only means of eo doing, they equally 
avow and declare their intention to abide by and 
sustairi all the doings of that convention, as the pro- 
perly-constituted organ of the whole Whig party of the 
United Stales. 

"Ktso/tied, That we reaffirm, aseinbracinga prin- 
ciple fundamental to party existence, a resolution 
adopted by the Whigs of Boston, in Faneuil Hall 
assembled, in 1848, and declare that by Hhc 
appoiniment of delegates to represent the Com- 
monwealih at large, and delegates to represent the 
respective districts of the State in the Whig Na- 
tional Convention, recently assembled, all of which 
delegates were present and acting in that conven- 
tion, the Whigs of Massachuselts bound them- 
selves, solemnly and in good faith, to abide by 
and support the decision of Ihat convention; and 
it is the purpose ol the Whigs here assembled to 
keep that plighlid failli inviolate, and to go with 
their ivhotf heart and strength into the support of 
the candidates nominated by ftiat convention.' 

•'Resolved, That the Whigs of Boston have al- 
ready shown, by their longand earnest attachment 
atid unwavering devotion to Daniel Webster, that 
in him they recognise one to whose transcendent 
public life the highest honors of his country would 
have been but a lilting and deserved consumma- 
tion, however little such honors would have added 
to the enduring fame of the greatest of living 
statesmen. 

"Resolved, That wc express our profound grali 
lude to and respect for ftlillard Fillmore, lor the 
ahilily, wisdom and success with which he has 
discharged the duties of the Chief iMagistracy of 
the Union, and that we believe the common senti- 
ment of bis country will enrol his name high on 
the list of her patriot Presidents. 

"Resolvfd, That in General Winfield Scott, 
the generous and successful competitor before the 
convention of the eminent men we have named, 
we recognise one whose great worth, unsullied in- 
tegrity, enlarged patriotism, and irrepcoachaljle 
private iile, illustrated and ennobled by more than 
lorty years of public service, entitle him to our 
confidence and support; one not more distiu 
guished in the earlier than later fields of his coun- 
try's glory; one who, in the language of Massa- 
ohusells' pre-eminent elatCBinoQ, 'has prrfornied 
the most brilliant campaign on recent military re- 
cord—a man who has warred against the enemy, 
warred against tne climate, warred against a 
thousand unpropitious circumstances, and has 
carried the Hag of his country lo the capital of the 
enemy, honorably, proudly, humanely, to his own 
permanent honor, and the great military credit of 
his country;' and yet one who, in language 
«<jually true, of the revered and peace-loving- 



Channing, *ha 



placed him in the first rank of soldiers, have been 
obscured by the purer and more lasting glory of a 
pacificator and a friend of mankind;' and finally, 
one who wc believe the language of the American 
people will say, deserves and shall receive, as his 
country's defender, her highest honors. 

"Resolved, That in William A. Graham, our 
candidate for the office of Vice President, wc re- 
cognise one familiar to the Whigs of the country, 
by long and distinguished public services in va- 
rious positions, and eminent for the ability with 
which he has filled them all, and that the Whigs 
of Massachusetts, with special pleasure, give their 
support to this true-hearted eon of a State with 
which they have stood shoulder to shoulder in 
many a glorious campaign. 

"Resolved, That we hereby* cordially ratifu and 
adopt the nominations and proceedings of the Balti- 
more Whig Convention, and pledge our united and 
earnest support to Gen. Winfield Scott, of Ntw 
Jersey, and Wm. A. Graham, of North Carolina; 
atid that we wilt leave no effort untried to elect them 
to the high offices for which they have been nomi- 
nated, and vhich we believe they are destined to fill 
ROBER'H»C. WINTHROP, 
President. 

The following resolution was afterwards 
added: 

"Resolved. That the Whigs of Boston, in com- 
mon with their fellow-citizens throughout the 
country, are deeply affected with the sad tidings 
received within a few hours from Washington. 
The name of Henry Clay is in itself a eulogy. An- 
other bright sun has set forever, leaving in the 
hearts of his countrymen a remembrance that can 
never fade. Devoting himself, from his early years, 
to his country— endowed with commanding gc 
nius, eloquence of the highest order, an undaunted 
spirit, a power of influencing his associates rarely 
equalled and never surpassed — the intrepid leader, 
the sterling patriot, the faithful friend— he served 
his country trom youth to manhood, and from man- 
hood to age— at the forum, in the Senate, in the 
cabinet, at home and abroad— with the utmost abil 
ity in every station but the highest, and wanted 
not the voice of Massachusetts lor that. Office be 
stowed on him might have raised his e-.ountry 
higher in the judgment of the world, but would 
have added nothing to his pure fame. The sorrows 
of United America follow him to his honored 
grave." 

Dr. Lutlier V. Bell advocated the passage of 
the lesolulions, and spoke in favor of the nom 
inees of the convention, and was well received, 
although occasionally interrupted by untimely 
cheers for Daniel Webster. The meeting from 
first to last was evidently jealously attached to 
its "first choice," while no party present 
seemed desirous of interrupting the "ratifica 
tion" which was the purpose ot the gathering. 

After Dr. Bell's speech, Mr. Winthrop read 
a letter from Mr. Choate, excusing himself for 
his absence on account of his engagements in 
court, stating that although the nominees of 
the convention were not his first choice, they 
would receive his support. 

Mr. Netherland, of Tennessee, one of the 
delegates at the Baltimore Convention, follow- 
ed, and made the speech of the evening. At 
the convention he had been a Fillmore man; 
and he gave such tribute to Mr. Webster, as a 
statesman and a.patriot, as was most satisfacto- 
ry and gratifying to the friends of him who 
should have been the New England candidate. 
Turning from this eulogium, he urged the ac- 
ceptance of the nominations as the only course 
for the Whig party, and with anecdotes and 
illustrations— notwithstanding an outbreak of 
opposition, now and then — he 
"Stroked the raven down of darkness till it smiled." 

Mr. Bransford, of Kentnicky, followed, and 
made an eloquerft and appropriate address. The 
chairman then announced that the usual hour 
for adjournment had arrived, at the same time 
mentioning the names of a number of gentle- 
men who would have addressed the meeting If 
time liad permitted. 



The resolutions, including that with regard 
to Mr. Clay, were then unanimou.sly adopted, 
and I he meeting adjourned. 



FOR THE SIGNAL. 

Hail to the Chief, who in triumph advances. 
Honored and blest be Columbia's son, 
Long as his foes shall regret his advances, 
May his country remember the deeds he has done. 
Heaven lend its biightest smile, earth grant us 

peace the while, 
With laurels we crown him the Chief of our choice, 
Proudly Columbia then shall hail him the Chief of 
! men, 

And the East and the West in our leader rejoice. 

His is no stripling fame won in an hour, 

The flash of the meteor quickly to die. 

When freedom has swept the last tyrant from 

power, 
Wjjen the thrones ofaJl despots in ashes shall lie. 
Fixed in the hearts of men his fame shall beam 

forth again 
Bright as a robe without blemish or blot, 
Briton and Mexican quake when they hear again 
The name of our Chieftain, the veteran S;olt. 

' Deeply his deeds have affected our nation, 
Proudly we point to his victories won, 

, In war's darkest hour he wrought our salvation, 

: And scattered the clouds from America's sun ; 

, Ciueenstown and Chippewa, Fort George and 

i Niagara, 

Shall boast of his prowess 'til memory falls ; 
Freemen can ne'er foiget the hero who boldly .set 

j America's flag on proud Mexico's walls. 

Then come to his standard all friends of our nation. 
Proclaim him the Chief of Columbia's sons, 

{Though "Spoilsmen" declare him "un6tfor (lie 

] station," 

i We'll give him the Chair of the Great Washington. 

■ Let then the "Spoilsmen" know, from Maine to 

New Mexico, 
His valor and daring naa not been forgot. 
Loud then from hill and vale, send forth on evory 

gale. 
The name of our Chieftain, the immortal Scott. 

I 0W5 ZACK. 

I McConnelsville, 0., June 28, 1852. 



General Scott. — The Ypsilanti Sentinel relates 
the following anecdote of the gallant old .soldier, 
which was recently communicated to the editor of 
that paper by a soldier who served in the Florida 
war — 

The troops had made a weary march through 
the day, and selected a place for their bivouac dur- 
ing the night. A party was detailed to clear the 
ground and erect a temporary shelter for the Com- 
mander-in-chief, who had not yet reached the fort. 
Shortly after the work had commenced, he arrived, 
and riding up to the working party, inquired what 
they were doing. He was informed by the leader, 
and immediately replied : 

"Well, cease work, and return to your company. 
I can participate in the privations of my men. I 
will not have a weary soldier perform a moment's 
unnecessary labor for my convenience." 

"1 am a Democrat," said our informant, "but I 
want to vote for Gen. Scott for President." 

On the damp sod of the everglade, under the 
open sky, the gallant old chief slept with his faith- 
ful soldiers, and their warm hearted gratitude is 
the rich reward of his kind consideration. 



'■Genebal Pierce! Geneeal Pierce ! VVho is 
Hk.'" asked a Whig on Saturday, when he heard 
of the Democratic nomination for President. 
"Why," answered a Democratic leader, standing 
near, "he is one of the ablest men in the Union, a 
member of the Senate, i read an excellent speech 
of his, the other day, in the National Intelligencer , 
on Mr. Clarke's non-intervention resolution. Ho 
is sound, (00, on the Compromise " 

Ha! ha! ha! Our knowing Democrat was 
speaking of the Whig Senator from Maryland. 
There are a go d many Democrats hereabouts 




E SIGNAL. 



PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, BY G. S. GIDEON. 



No. 3.] 



WASHINGTON: JULY 17, 1852. 



[Vol. I. 



THE SIGNAL: 

•'S DE'/i/^- campaign papery publi^ketl at the 
ciStj of WashingtOH, 

The undersigned is now publishing, at 
the cit}' of Washington, a Whig Campaign 
Paper under the above title, devoted to the 
support of WINFIELD SCOTT, for Pre- 
sident, and WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, for 
Vice President. 

The Signal will be emphatically a Na- 
.tional Press, designed for circulation ia 
every section of the country. The object 
of the paper will be to harmonize the ac- 
tion, and promote the efficient organization 
of the Whig Party, as well as to dilTuse its 
principles and arouse its spirit and enthu- 
siasm. 

It will also furnish a convenient com- 
pendium of all the facts and documents 
bearing upon the case made by the respec- 
tive parties and candidates, and preserve 
in a form for future reference a complete 
history of the canvass. A full index will 
be given in the last number, wliich will 
add materially to the permanent interest 
and value of the work. 

The great popularity and succe%which 
attended the Battery, published by the 
undersigned during the last Presidential 
canvass, induces him to retain the same 
form and size in the Signal. 

The publication will be continued each 
week until the election, the results of which 
will be given in full in the last number. 

TERMS. 

The Signal will be published weekly, 
until after the Presidential election in 
November, at the following rates, viz: 

Single subscription $0 50 

Five copies ------- 2 00 

(Being at the rate of 40 cts. for each subscriber.) 

Fourteen copies 5 00 

(Being at the rale of 36 cts. for each subscriber.) 

Thirty copies - 10 00 

( Being at the rate of SGj cts. for each subscriber.) 

Fifty copies - - 15 00 

(Being at the rate of 30 cts. for each subscriber.) 

2<^»No paper will be sent unless the 
order is accompanied by the money. 

Jill leiters must be post-paid, and ad- 
dressed to 

GEO. S. GIDEON, 

Washington, D. C. 



33" We send this luimber to many of our Whig 
friends throughout the Country, whose kind ser- 
vices in aiding our circulation wo respectfully so- 
licit. Altentiou ie called to the term.s. 



THE SIGNAL. 

nESPAXt'HE.'? OS? 

WINFIELD SCOTT, 

DESCRIPTIVE OF THE 

CAPTURE OF VERA CRUZ. 



No. 13. 

He.\D-QCABTERS of THE ABMY, 

Camp Washbi'ton, before Van Cruz, 
March 12, 1847. 

Sir: The colors of the United States were trium- 
phantly planted ashore, in full view of this city and 
its castle, and lindir the distant fire of both, in the 
afternoon of the 9th instant. Brevet Grig. Genera! 
Worth's brigade of regulars led the descent, quick- 
ly followed by the division of United States volun- 
teers under M.rjor General Patterson and Biigadier 
General Tv.'igg's reserve brigade' of regulars. The 
three lines successively landed in sixty-seven surf 
boats, each boat conducted by a navnl officer, and 
rowed by sailors from Commodore Conner'."! stuia<l- 
ron, whose lighter vessels flanked the boats, so a.-? 
to be ready to protect the 0|-)eration !jy their cross 
fire. The 'whole army reached the shore in fine 
style, and without direct oppo.-iition, (on the beach,) 
accident, or loss, driving the enemy from the ground 
to be occupied. 

The line of investment, according to Gcncr-al Or- 
ders No. 47, was partially taken up the same night, 
but has only been completed to-day, owing to the 
most extraordinary difficulties: 1. The environs of 
the city, outside of the fire of its guns and those of 
the castle, are broken into innumerable hills of 
loose sand, from tweniy to two hundred and fifty 
feet in height, with almost impassable forests of 
chapparel betwesn. And 2. Of all our means of 
land transportation, wagons, carts, pack-saddles, 
horses, and mules, expected to join us from Tarn- 
pico and the Brazos weeks ago, but fifteen carts and 
about one hundred draught horses have yet arrived. 
Three hundred pack-mules are greatly needed to 
relieve the troops in taking subsistence alone, along 
the line of investment of more than five miles, as at 
present our only depot is south of the city. On the 
cefisation of the present racing norther, which al- 
most stifles the troops with sand, sweeping away 
hills and creating new, I hope to establish aseconil 
depot north of the city, which will partially relieve 
the left wing of the army. 

In extending the line of investment around the 
city, the troops, for three days, have performed the 
heaviest labors, in getting over the hills and cutting 
through the intervening forests; all under the dis- 
tant fire of the city and castle, and in the nudst of 
many sharp skirmishes with the enemy, fnthese 
operations we have lost, in killed and wounded, 
several valuable officers and men. Among the killed 
I have to report Brevet Captain Alburtis, of the U. 
S. 2d infantry, much distinguished in the Florida 
war as a most excellent officer. He fell on the lUh 
instant; and Lieut. Col. Dickinson, of the South 
Carolina regiment, was badly wounded in a skir- 
mish the day before. Two privates have been 
killed in Ihece operations, and four or five wound- 
ed; as yet I have not been able to obtain their names. 

As soon as the subsistence of the troops can be 
assured, and their positions are well established, I 



shall, by an organized movement, cause each bri- 
gade of regulars and volunteers to send detach- 
! ments, with supports, to clear its front, including 
Uub-bourgs of the enemy's parlies, -so as to oblige 
! them to confine themselves within the wall» of the 
I city. 

I have heretofore reported that but two-sevenths 
of the siege train and ammunition had reached mc; 
the remainder is yet unheard of We shall com- 
mence landing the heavy metal as soon as the storm 
subsides, and hope that the five-sevenths may be up 
in time. 

The city being invested, would, no doubt, early 
surrender, but for the fear that if occupied by us it 
would immediately be fired upaR by tiie ca.stle. I 
am not altogether without hope of finding the means 
of coming to some compromise v/ith the city upon 
this subject. 

So far, the principal skirmishing has fallen to the 
lot of Brigadier Generals Pillow's and Q.uitman'« 
brigades. Both old and new volunteer regiments 
have conducted themselves admirably; indeed, the 
whole army is full of zeal and confidence, and can- 
not fail to acquire distinction In the impending ope- 
To Commodore Conner, the ofiiccrs and sailors 
of his squadron, the army is indebted for j;reat and 
jnceasiiis assistance, promptly and cheerfully ren- 
dered. Their co-operation is the constant theme 
of our gratitude and admiration. A handsome de- 
tachment of marines, under Captain Kdson of th-.it 
corps, landed with the first line, and is doing duty 
with the i-rmy. 

Mirch 13. 
The enemy, at intervals, continues the fire of 
he.ivy ordnance from the city and castle upon our 
line of investment, both by day and night, but with 
little or no eflect. 

The norther has ceased, which has renewed our 
communication with the store-ships at anchor under 
Sacrificios. We ."hall immediately commence laud- 
ing the few pieces of heavy ordnance, with ord- 
nance stores at hand, and hope soon to have the 
necessary draught mules to take them to their po- 
sitions. Any further delay in the arrival of these 
means of transportation will be severely felt in our 

I have the honor to remain, sir, &!• , &c , 

WliNTFlELD SCOTT. 
Hon. W. L. Marct, 

Secretary of War. 

No. 14. 

Head-quarters of the army. 

Camp Washiiigton, before Vera Cruz, 

March 14, 1S47. 

Sir: I had scarcely despatched my report of the 
12th instai.t, with the postcript of yesterday, to go 
to New Orleans, by the revenue cutter Ewin<:, be- 
fore the norther, which had intermitted some hours, 
began to blov/ again with increased violence. We 
are, of course, cut off again from all communica- 
li||[i with Commodore Conner's squadron, and our 
fleet of vessels anchored under the island of .Sacrifi- 
cios. Supposing the Ewing to be detained by the 
storm, I add some particulars, in the hope of get- 
ting on board this report, to go with the one just 
mentioned. 

The enemy continues the fire of his heavy guns 
upon our line of investment, but only from lime to 
time, and without efl^cl, so far as has yet been re- 
ported. At this moment our attacking parties, by 
brigades, as ordered yesterday, (see general' or- 
ders, No. 53,) are engaged in driving in the ene- 
my 's posts and skirmishers, so as to clear the space 



34 



THE SIGNAL. 



It) eimlils our reron- 
siiilarvenin rgi-mind. 
ompletetl before to- 
'. tn.iy not Iiiarn th* 



iriin 



lich muy gl' 



rcqii 



Nil wu^ons and teams, of Ilie many huticlred 
vliicli o»sl" to be up, are known to be at hand; bu 
[ is confidcnily hofied that the present norther wil 
irinif us a-i many as our ■ 



indedii 



I coulil not postpone the descent, successiuiiy 
mnde on the 9lh instant, for the half of the surf 
boats. Brigadier General Shields' brigade, (old vol- 
unieers from Tampico,) or the wagons and teams, 
■.vhicli were llien behind. That General landed with 
the army, having a small part of one «f his old ref,'i- 
raents, (three companies of the 3d Illinois foot,) and 
the New Yorl; re«iraenl of nr:w volunteers. 

The regular cavalry and the Tennessee volunteer 
cavalry arc yet bejiind; the former hourly expected 
from Ihc Bibzos, ^:ih1 ilie lalior from Tampico. I 

am much rr!! -'• ■: ,■! , i^u,,. ,:,. ^, ;■ ..lir ;;;,, : v in 

d.stamier-. ■- ■, ^v li,- .-n.-iors. , .,;.,n 

ufihearmv ', , . : .r<' ~ . ,:■:. !,-.■..,, -r.:M,imj; 
my own, slnj.;. ^1 -' C, !;,>■■- ■ . ;■!- r.'.-..^ •.:, 1, i.:l. 

1 .tent in iliis mitriiuK', I'V >i tl:!S: of trace, my :in- 
swcrs iicrewiih, to ihc consuls of Spain and Fiance, 
residing v/iihin Vera Cruz, accompanied with 
primed safe^'uards *)r both, as well as for the con- 
suls of Great Britain and Prussia, although 1 had 
not heanl from either of the last Iwo. I do not 
know whether there be any other consul in tiiat 
city. 

if any Ihing else of interest should occur, before 
nendinK olf ilie despatcli. I will add a poslcript. 

Witii high respect, 1 have the honor to remain 
your most obedient servant, 

VVLVFIELD .SCOTT. 

Hon. \Vh. L Mai-.cv, 

Secritanj of IVnr. 



HEAreC.lRTKRS OF THF. U. S. ARMT, 

Cnmp Jfashingtnn , before f'era Cnit, 

Mareh 13, 1847. 

The undersigned, iWaj^r General Scnti, genera'- 
in-chief of the armies ot the United States, has had 
the honor to receive the note, dated the lOtli insJ . 
of SeCor D. Afclass G. de Eecalanle, consu; oi 
Sniiin, residing in the city of Vera Crii?,, ask' 
tliat ths said army, in ii's operations^ against in 
«iiii.l ciiv, n-ay respect the persons of Spanish miL- 
jccts and their property within the same. 

The undersigned has great pleasure in rcnognis- 
irg the inlirail-e relations of amity which ha[ipily 
subsist between his Government and that of .Si.ain, 
and the consequent obligations imposed on the pub- 
lic f;jrces of the former in their operation.-i against 
the said citv, to respec!, as far as may be practica- 
ble, Spanish subjects and their property within the 
same; but he begs to say to the consul of Spain, 
that in carrying the city, whether by bombardment 
and cannonade, or assault, or all — and particular in 
the Q'glit time — ii will be exceedingly didicult for 
the forces of the United Slates to perceive the con- 
sular flags or to discriminate between the persons 
and properly of friends and the persons and proper- 
ly of the enemy. 

The undersigned can therefore only promise to 
do all thut circumstances may possibly permit to 
cause such discrimination to be observed; and in 
the mean time, to show his anxiety to carry out 
i\\:i\ frii-nilly purpose, he sends to her Spanish ma- 
Vera Cruz, a printed 



ie:;ly, the Uaeen of Sp.iin, the assurance of the high iihe open beach of the sea. Commodore Conner » 
respect and consideration of the undersigned. " [squadron is indefatigable in assisting us. 

WINFIICLD SCOTT. ' The garrison of Vera Cruz, independent of that 

To the f'oNSDL OF SpAix, of the easile, is ascertained to be about 5,U0U men. 

Jit Vera Cruz, Sehor D. Jljelms dt Escalanle. j 1 have had no report of a later date than the 31st 

NoTE.-A similar letter was addressed to Mons. '""""""'-y' '""^ C^«P.''-"" ^imond, assiKtant com- 

A. Gloux, French consul, with a request that be ["""^^'T. «>"i. ."^t "» '""«■« ^rd of infor.na. on 

would del ver to the Prussian consul the safeguard l^'""" ^"V "Vl "'r .''• ' ", '" "i ! 

— 'have joined mee;i!- v : .■ i :li'- Ciazo-^. 

"Who.soever belonging to the armies of the Uni- ! I have the ii ■ ^ li m ;i .i ic., 

ted States, employed in foreign parts, shall force vVlMUliLD SCOTT, 

a -safeguard shall'suffer death." (;')5iii article of lion. Wh. L. iVLvncT, 
War.) Semlary of War. 

SAFEGUARD. ' — 



Head-quarters of the armt of the U. S. 
Vergara, before Vm, Cruz, March 15, 1847. 
iGiiKERAi, Orders, ( 
No. 54. i 

[ The General-in-chief of the army has received 
• authentic information of a great and glorious vicio- 



Bxi authnrily of iMajor General Scott, gencral-in- 

cliief of the armies of the United States, the persons, 

the family, and the property of the French consul, 

residing in Vera Cruz, his house and its contents, 

are placed under the safeguard of the army of the 

United Slates. To offer any violence oi«injury to 

them is expressly forbidden; on the contrary, it is , . , , , , 

ordcnd that safety and protection be given lo him ' 'Y oblamed by the arms of our country undc 

and them in case'of need. i successful Major Crencral Taylor at Buena Visia, 

Done at the head-quarters of the arMy of thc:i>f«r fealtillo, on the 22d and 23d uhimo. The 

United Slates, ihis ISiIi day of March, 1847. igeneral results were four thousand of ihe enemy 

WINFIELD SCOTT. < '<i'l<:d and wounded, against our loss of seven hun- 
dred gallant men. General Santa Anna, on sus- 
taining that overwhelming defratj is known to have 
retreated upon San Louis de Potosi, and probably 
will not slop short of the capital. 



By command of .Mnj. G 



.). Uen. 
H. L.S 



.r.ji. 



NO. 



Head-cidarters of the armi, 
Camp V/ashington,btfore Vera Cmz^Mirckn, 1847. 
Sir: My last report. No. 14, was dated the 14th 
instant. 1 know not whether the revenue cutter, 
the Ewing, remains at anchor undtx Sacrificios or 
not. The norther, which intermitted a few hours j 
on the ]3lh instant, recommenced the same day,) 
and has prevented all communication with the fleet, , 
in sight, up to this moment. We hope that among ' 



Tlie General in-chief imparts this glorious nev 
to the army that all with him may participate : 
the joy that is nov/ spreading itself throughout \\ 
breadth of our couiiiry. 

Bv command of IVJ.ijnr General Scott. 

H. L. SCOTT, .It. A. A. O. 

No ofiicial report is yet received. 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 
.V«rc/ii7. 



NO. IG. 
Head-qcarters of the armt, 
Itave seen from the shore j Camp Ifoskwgton, before. Vera Cruz, March 18, ' 
1 part of tlie 2d dragoons,] Sir: I*vrote you yesterday morning; but 



ifSty's consul residing 

tafrguard under his (Major General Scott's) sign General Taylor's last great victory followed 

ftini'iual, 10 protect, as far as practicable, the house fromnhis side. 

of the Spanish consul and Spanish subjects, ftd 1 have sent a copy of thai order to Commodoi 

property wiihin the same — to be shown, if the city ! Conner, who is anchored by the side of four neu 

should bo carried, to all officers and soldiers of the } iral ships of war, with a request thai he would fir 

United Slates forces who may approach the house | a national salute in honor of the victory 



the new arrivals wc shall find some vessels 

wagons, mules, and pack-saddles, so much needed, j 

and lAso an addition to the ordnance and ordn 

stores before up. 

that a transport 

from the Brazos, was stranded on ari island, or i revenue cutter Ewing sailed from Sacrificios a few 

reef, below Sacrificios, three days ago, and that minutes too early tor ihe letter — Ihe storm had just 

vessels ironi Commodore Conner's squadron were ^ ||,en abri#d a little. I now write late at night, and 

ill hand Inking off men and horses. 1 cannot wait i we have but little hope of n smooth sea to-morrow. 

r II r !.■ f upon that subject, lest the Ewing 1 stated in that letier that ships with addiiioiial 
■iihoutthis letter, for the storm has [ordnance and ordnance stores were supposed to bs 

-' in the offing. It was soon ascertained that the sup- 

ll.u c !t-iys batteries at the city and castle con- j position was erroneous; and on unloading the two 
tinue by day and night their irregular and ineffcct- isi,ipg with those snpplies, which had joined ma 
ivc fire upon our line of invcetment and reconnoi- i nearly a month ago at Lobos, we found tiiai instead 
tring parties within. Some skirmishing, wiihin [of two-sei'tnf/w, as heretofore reported, they con- 
the same limits, and also in the rear of our line,! mined but two-/en(/is of the mortars, guns, &,c., I 
whicii Ihe enemy's iviiic/ieros (irregular troops) seek i h;,d originally required, and which are now needed, 
to disturb, occurs nightly, without resulis — save i This very small siege train may possibly suffice to 
that the enemy is always easily repulsed by^our reduce Vera Cruz, but it is wholly inadequate to 
detachments, whether of regulars or volunteers. any attempt upon the neighboring castle. Remem- 

We may now hope for a smooth sea for some bering that it was stipulated and agreed, before I 
days, to enable us to land our heavy ordnance. I left. Washington, in November, that the entire i-'^- 
Baiteries against the city pud castle will tiien be iqnisilion upon Ihe ordnance department should be 
immediately established, and the city reduced at; up with me at the Brazos by themidilleof January, 
once, so as to give, outside, and easier and nearer [ my disappoinlmenl and chagrin in.iy be ima>;med. 
approach to the castle; but the engineers, (Colonel ! Vlarch is more than half out, and the return of the 
Totten and his ussislanls, who are exceedingly ac- ' black vomit in ihis region cannoi be far distant, 
live and daring in their rcconnoissniicc,) doubt as: Oor fc". ■■I'l!' ■•■-' ^'i-l hi'svy guns, however, not- 
yet whether the walls of the city will be of much ; withstanO: : -i^aVe, at Icnglh, ashore; 

benefit in the battering and shelling the castle. jsome di;i..:i ■■ ' :iirived,and ihe troops 

I enclose a copy of a general order, (No. 54,) [are now lo.; -i i,ri- uiu) in forming trenches, 
which I issued the day before yesterday, while ai ■ In thiny-s:\ h.ji.i.^ lujix baiicries will be ready, 
the hamlet Vergara, on the beach north of the [rtnd the city sununonod, before opening a fire upon 
city — the^eft ofourline — where the news of Major ; it. The troops, though at work near the walls, 



(within 900 yards,) have not yet been discovered, 
I for the enemy has not fired a gun since dusk. 

The ship that was stranded on a reef near Ainion 
' Lizardo, (some 14 miles south.) a few days ago, 
J was Ihe transport, the Yazoo, with Colonel Hnrney 
liind one troop (l^aptain KerV'^ nfth'- o.i ^b-T^nons, 



.he cnn.snl; it being welt understood that the said ] the news may, through the neutrals, reach the city from the Drazos, on boar.l. ' ' ";"' ! men 

fe:;u'ird is solely inlended to protect Spanish land castle. " jwere all saved, but less ;: ^rses. 

ibiTcts and their ru'operiy. 1 Great activity is about to be renewed in l>ringing i Lieutenant Colonel Duncan .■ i; 'i ■'■■■■■• i > ifnn tho 

ashore, from the fleet, necessaries of every kind; [same place, has als.. arrivsd, out wnii liie loss, 
but wc have no port and no pcssibihiy of erecting [ from the same bid wratlitr, of many horses. The 
a wharf that would last a day, of any kind. Every! remainder of the 2J ilragoonsand Lieutenant Kear- 
thing of course must be landed in surf-boals, and ny's troops of the Isi, though equally long at sea, 
from an average distance of more than a mile, on are not known lo have arrived. They were all ije- 



The undeisigned, who has not had the honor to 
hear directly from ihe British consul, begs that a 
tike safeguard, herew.th for him, may be delivered 
by the Spanish consul. 

Xho undeisigned offcre to the Bonsgl of her ma- 



THE SIGNAL. 



35 



lained many weeks wailing for transports; and itie 
Tennessee cnvalry, at Tampico, nre yet behind 
from the Enme cause. Part of the 3d IHinuis vul- 
unceers, and of the 4(h also, ata here in line. Tlie 
remainder of each regiment is Siipposed to be near 
at hand. 

I write at thia hour to he re.idy, at sunrise, for a 
discharg;ed transport that is to sail for New Oilean.<! 
at that time, if the weather sliould permit. If, in 
the mean time, anything of interest should occur at 
the trenches, I will endeavor to add a postcript. 
1 have the honor to remain, sir, &c., 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Hon. \V. L. Marct, 

Secietary of War. 



advantage iu circul.-iling supplies from 
either flank to the centre — besides rendering the 
army, by compactness, four times stronger against 
attacks from without or within 

Lest my reports, numbeted respectively 13, 14, 
15 and 16, should have miscarried, in whole or in 
part, [ send duplicates of them herewith. 

Should anything material occur before our com- 
munication with the squadron ami fleet be restored, 
1 will add a postscript. 

1 have tlie honor to remain, sir, witli the liighest 
respect, your most obedient servant, 

WINFIELD SCGTT. 

Hon. W. L. M.\Rcv, 

Sca-thmj of War. 



NO. 17. 

Mkad-quarters of the armt. 

Camp WaMnglon, before Vera Cruz, March 21, '47. 

Sir: My de.>!patch, No. 16, was put on board a 
discharged transport bound to New Orleans, the 
day before yesterday. 

Nothing material has occurred in our operations 
since. Our trenches, with platform.s, for all the 
heavy metal up, are advancing towards completion, 
notwithstanding a brisk cannonade upon them from 
heavy guns of the city, and the yet more annoying 
drift sand, put in raotion.by an almost uninterrupted 
series of northers. The one now blowing com- 
menced early last night. By to-morrov/ forenoon, 
we shall, however, be ready to summon the city, 
and, if the reply be not favorable, to return its long 
measured fire from 10-inch mortars and six 8-inch 
cohorns without cessation until the city be silenced. 
A battery of four 23 guns will be ready to join in 
fire the follnwingday,and I have made arrangements 
with the United Slates squadron to land six or eight 
of its heavy guns, with acom|ietent number of ofli- 
ccrs and sailors for another battery that may be 
ready by the 24th instant, should the city hold out 
as long. 

The squadron will also be ready to unite the 
fire of all its smaller vessels in the attack upon the 
city. 

In an interval of good weather yesterday, Com- 
modore Conner and Perry made me a short visit. 
The latter expected to relieve the former in the 
command of the blockading squadron to-day. 
Though entertaining a very high respect for Com- 
modore Perry, the whole army with me will regret 
the absence of Commodore Conner. It is under- 
stood that he will sail to-day or to-morrow in the 
steamship of war the Princeton, and I am writing 
ihi.<! report to go with him. 

Commodore Perry, though supposed to hav 
passed through Washington in the first week of 
this month, brought me no despatches, and not 
len a copy of any recent act of Congress on any 



; pas 



subjects, though it is known that several I 

sed since the beginning of the las 

last ofiicial despatch frsni Washington bears date 

in January, and my latest communication from the 

War Department is dated the 4th of that month. 

Forty of the 10-inch mortars and the greater 
part of the heavy guns needed for a successful attack 
on the castle of San Juan d'Ulloa are vet unheard 
of. 
Several recent skirmishes have occurred in the rear 
of the line of investment, with the loss of a few men 
On both sides. Only one man is reported to have 
been wounded at the trenches. 

A part of the Tennessee cavalry has arrived, 
leaving their horse?, with a few men per company 
at Tampico to follow. The 2d dragoons have 
been landed, but without ciTective horses for more 
than a company — many having been lost at sea, 
and another large portion rendered unfit for im- 
mediate service. Lieutenant Kearney's troops of 
1st dragoons is still behind. I have already a great 
need for cavalrMj^r distant reconnoitrings, and for 
opening a marlBPTor fresh provisions, draught an- 
imals, dec, &c. 

I concur with the engineers that the best positions 
for shelling and battering the castle are outside of 
Vera Cruz. Nevertheless, the possession of the 
city would enable us to take those positions (should 
the necessary mortars and guns ever arrive) with- 
out the molestation of a flunk fire, and at the same 
time to reduce the line of investment, now about 
8ix miles, to less than three. This would be an 



No. 18. 

HEAD-«nARTERS OF THE ARMY, 

Camp Wash'mzipn, before Vera Cruz, 
^ March 23, 1847. 

Sib: Yesterday, seven of our ten 10-inch mor- 
tars, being in battery, and the labors tor planting 
the remainder of our heavy metal being in pro- 
gress, 1 addressed, at two o'clock, p. in., a sum 
mons to the Governor of Vera Cruz, and within 
the two hours limited by the bearer of the flag re- 
ceived the Governor's answer. Copies of the tv;o 
papers, marked respectively A and B,are heiowiih 
enclosed. 

It will be perceived that the Governor, who, it 
turns out, is the commander of both places, chose, 
against the plain terms of the summons, to suppose 
me to have demanded the surrender of the castle 
and of the city — when, in fact, from the non-arrivnl 
of our heavy metal — principally mortars — I was in 
no condition to threaten the former. 

On the return of the flag, with that reply, I at 
once ordered the seven mortars, in battery, to open 
upon the city. In a .short time, the smaller vessels 
of Commodore Perry's squadron — two steamers 
and five schooners — according to previous arrange- 
ment with him, approached the city v/ithin about 
a mile and an eighth, whence, being partially cov- 
ered from the castle, an essential condition to their 
s.nfeiy.they also opened a brisk fire upon the city. 
This has been continued, uninterruptedly, by the 
mortars, and, only with a few intermission."!, by 
the ve.s.-iels, up to nine o'clock this morning, when 
the Commodore, very properly, called them off from 
a position too daringly assumed. 

Our three remaining mortars are now (12 o'clock, 
m.) in battery, and the whole len in activity. To- 
morrow, early, if the city should continue obsti- 
nate, batterie.i Nos. 4 and 5 will be ready to add 
their fire ; No. 4, consisting of four 24-pounders 
and two 8-inch I'aixhan guns, and No. u (naval 
battery) of three 32-pounders and three 8-inch 
Paixlians— the guns, officers, and sailors landed 
from the squadron — our friend.s of the navy being 
unremitting in their zealous co-operation in every 
mode and form. 

So far, we know that our fire upon the city has 
been highly effective, particularly from the batteries 
of 10-inch mortars, planted at about 800 yards 
I'rom the city ; including the preparation and de- 
fence of the batteries, from the beginning — now 
many days— and notwithstanding the heavy fire of 
the enemy, from city and castle, we have only had 
four or five men wounded, and one oHicer and one 
man killed, in or near the trenches. That officer 
was Captain Ju/i?i R. Vinton, of the United Stales 
3d artillery, one of the most talented, accomplish- 
ed, and effective members of the army, and who 
was highly distinguished in the brilliant operations 
at Monterey. Me fell, last evening, in the trench- 
es, where he was on duty as field and commanding 
officer, universally regretted. I have just attended 
his honored remains to a soldier's grave, in full 
view of the enemy and within reach of his guns. 

Thirteen of the long-needed mortars — leaving 
twenty-seven, besides heavy guns, behind — have 
arrived, and two of them landed. A heavy norther 
len set in (at meridian) that stopped that opera- 
on, and also the landing nf shells. Hence, the 
le ofour martar batteries has been slackened since 
,vo o'clock to-day, and cannot be reinvigorated 
until we shall again have a smooth sea. In the 
lean time I shall leave this report open for jour- 
alizing events that may occur up to the departure 
of the steam ship of war, the Princeton, with Com- 
modore Conner, who, I learn, expects to leave the 



anchoriige off Sacrificios, for Iho United States, the 
a.'):h inet. 

March 24 —The storm having subsided in the 
night, we commenced this forenoon, as soon as the 
sea became a little smooth, to land shot, shells, and 

The naval battery. No. 5, was opened witligieat 
activity under Captain Aulick, the second in rank 
ol the squadron, at about 10 a. m. His fire was 
continued to 2 o'clock, p. m., a little before he was 
relieved by Cajitain Mayo, who landed with afresh 
supply of ammunition, Capl.iin Aulick having ex- 
hausted the supply he had brought with him. He 
lost four sailors, killed, and had one officer, Lieut. 
Baldwin, slightly hurt. 

The mortar batteries, Nos. 1, 2, and 3, have fired 
but languidly during the day for the want of shells, 
v.'hich are now going out from the bench. 

The two reports of Colonel Bankhead, chief of 
artillery, both of this date, copies of which I en- 
close, give the incidents of those three batteries. 

Battery No. 4, which will mount four 24-pound- 
ers, and two 8-inch Paixhan guns, has been much 
delayed in the hands of the indefatigable engineers 
by the norther, that filled up the work with sand 
nearly as fast as it could be opened by the half- 
bliniied laborers. It will, however, doubtless be 
in full activity early to-morrow morning. 

.Warc/i 23. — The Princeton being about to start 
for Philadelphia, I have but a. moment to continue 
this report. 

All the batteries, Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4,_and 5, are in ' 
awful activity this morning. The effect' is, no 
doubt, very great, and 1 think the city cannot hold 
out beyond to-day. To-morrow morning many of 
the nev/ mortars will be in a position to add their 
fire, when, or after the delay of some twelve hours, 
if no proposition to surrender should be received, I 
shall organize parlies for c.irrying the ciiy by as- 
s:iii'.t. So far the defence has been spirited anil ob- 

1 enclose a copy of a memorial received last night, 
signed by the consuls of Gieai Britain, France, 
Spain, and Prussia, within Vera Cruz, asking me 
to grant a truce, to enable the neutral.s, tn-'iiher 
wiih Mexican women and children, to vviiRdrnw 
frimi the scene of liavoc about them. 1 shall reply, 
the moment that an opportunity may be taken, to 
say — 1. That a truce can only be granted on the 
application of Governor Morales with a view to a 
Kuriender; 2. That in sending safeguards to the 
different consuls, beginning as far back as the 13th 
instant, I distinctly admonished them, particuLiriv 
the French and Spanish consuls, and, of course, 
through the two, the other consuls, of the dangers' 
that have followed ; 3. That although, at that d'ate, 
1 had already refused to allow any person whaLso- 
evcr to pass the line of investment either way, yet 
the blockade had been left open to the consuls nnd 
other neutrals to pass out to their respective shins 
of war up to the 22d instant ; and, 4th. 1 shall en- 
close to the memorialists a copy of my sumnion.i 
to theGovernor, \f> show that I had fully considi-red 
the impending hardships and dis1re.s3e.5i of the place, 
including those of women and children, before one 
gun had been fired in that direciion. The inter- 
course between the neutral ships of war and the 
city was stopped at the last mentioned date by 
Commodore Perry, with my concurrence, which I 
placed on the ground that that intercourse could 
not fail to give 10 the enemy moral aid and comfort. 

It will be seen from the memorial that our batte- 
ries have already had a terrible effect on the city, 
(also known through other .sources,) and hence the 
inference that a surrender must soon be proposed. 

In haste, I have the honor to remain, sir, with 
liigh respect, your most obedient Servant, 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Hon. Wm. M. Marct, 

Seci-etanj of War. 



HiiAD-ftUARTERS OF THE ARMY OF THE U. S. OF A., 

Camp Washington, before Veia Cruz, 

March 22, 1847. 
The undersigned. Major General Scott, general- 
in-chief of the armies of' the United Slates of Ame- 
rica, in addition to the close blockade of the coast 
and port of Vera Cruz, previously established by 
the squadron under Commodore Conner, of the 
navy of the said Slates, having now fully Invested 



M 



THE SIGNAL 



the said i 



y with un overwhelming army, so us !o 
render il impossible Uiat its i{arrison should receive 
from without succor or reinforcement of any Uind, 
and hovingcaiised tobeesiaulished batteries, compe- 
tent to the speedy reduction of the said city, he, 
the iindi i-si^ncd, deems il due to tha couitisies of 
wiir, in UUi- cases, as well as to the rights of liu- 
ninniiy, to Ruminon hi.? excellency, the Governor 
and conmiander-in-chief of the city of Vera Cruz, 
to suricnilor the same to the arms of the Uniteti 
Siaic!; of Airierica present before the place. 

The nnder.$igned, anxious to spare the beautiful 
city of Vera Cruz from the imminent hazard of dc- 
moiitiiin, its gallant defetulers from a useless ellu- 
Bion of blood, and its peaceful inhabitants — women 
and children inclusive — from the inevitable horrors 
of a trinmphantassault, addresses this sumtnons to 
the intelligence, the gailanlry, and patriotism, no 
less than to the humanity of iiis es.elletirv theGov- 
ernor and cominander in-cliif I' ^ ! '\ ,, i i ,, , 

The undeisigncd is not ;,, u i . : mied 
whether both the city of Vir.. ' ,i : ,«i|e 

of .San Juan d'Ulloa be under ih. -.liM., ;i ; f his 
excellency, or whether each place has its own in- 
dependent commander; but the undersigned, moved 
by tlie considerations adverted to above, iTjay be 
willing to stipulate that, tf the city should, by ca- 
pitul.iiions, be garrisoned by a part of his troops, j 
no missile shall he fired from within the city, or 
froin its bastions or walls upon the castle, unless 
the^castle should previously fire upon the city. 

Tiie H.idersigncd lias the honor to tender to his 
d:.<:[ini,'iiislied opponent, his excellency theGovcrnor 
and commander-in-chief of Vera Cruz, the assur- 
tince of the high respect and consideration of the 
undersigned. 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 



B.— [Translation.] 

The undersigned, commanding general of the free 

Rnd eovereiin Stale of Vera Cruz, has informed 

liiii'iir ..r th . ,ii,'.,.|i(.-- ,,r the uote which Major 
ill ' ■ ■' , - ■ - 1,:^ f of the forces of the 



U. St.ites steamer Mississippi, 

Off Sacrificios island, March 22, 1 « ) 7 . 

Sir; Theciiyand castleof Vera Cruz being now 

closely besieged and blockaded by the military and 

naval forces of th« United Slate.', it hag become ne 

cessary to prevent all communication from outside 

of u flag of truce. 

incd to inform you th t 

; vessels and boats undci 

part of the American coasi 



ing before, had 
L?ndeio Comn 
I n coir IT d r 
paitofll.- 



; those appointed by Gen. 
ri y sent ashore his second 



included i 



ei\Je 



Ian 



myspeci- 

nmander, 

did 1 I er courtesy, to desire 

I itCijia 1 ^1 Le duly introduced and 

Unwed lu futi j te m the discussions and acts 

1 tl e con ini'ssio lis who hed been reciprocally 

ciediled Hence the pierable to his signature. 

nited States forces, must, foi Tl c o iginnl American commissioners were Bre- 

IvetBii^adiei General Worth, Brigadier General 

I have the honor to be, youi p,i| „ md Colot el lotlcn Pour more able or 

J dinojs oftceic co ild not have been desired. 

I hue time to add but little more. The remain- 
no; details ol the s,iege, the able co-operation of the 
Un d States squadion, "successively under the 
u mnnnd of Commodores Conner and Perry; the 
admiiable conduct of the whole army, regulars and 
volunteers, I should be happy to dwell upon as 
they deserve, but the steamer Princeton, with Com- 
modore Conner on board, is under way, and I 
have commenced organizing an advance into the 
interior. This may be delayed a few days, waiting 
the arrival of .idditional mcans^of transportation. 
In the mean' time, a joint operation, by land and 
water, will be made upon Ah'arado. No lateral 
expedition, however, shall interfere with the grand 
movement towards the capital. 

In consideration of the great services of Colonel 

To"r-ri in the siege that has just terminated most 

' I'uliy, and^the importance of his presence at 

, iiiiiL'ion, as the head of the engineer bureau, I 

. 1 iMi.-.i ihis despatch to his personal care, and beg 

iM t uend him to the very favorable considera- 

of the Department. 



yonrr. . ■, 

encon,| .i. .■ • d I'y ijn' I' 
the present, cea.ie. 

With great respect, 
most obedient servant, 

M. C. PERRY, 
Commanding Home squadn7i. 
Cominander H. S. Matson, 

H. B. M. sloop Daring. 
Capt. Manuel de la Puentk, 

ComV //. c. M. na^forces, Gulf of Mexico. 
Captain G. Dubut, ^^ 

Coiii'^ French naval forces, Gulf of .Mexico. 



Correspondence between Major General Scott and the 
foreign consuls at Vera Cruz, and their letters to the 
late Governor of Vera Cruz, and the consequent letter 
to Major General Scott. 

[Translation.] 
The undersigned, consul.'! of different foreign 

powers near the republi< ■ :' ?,!, :.: ., , , - ' ' v ..p 

feeling of humanity ex-; 

frightful results of the I, > : ,, 

Vera Cruz during yestruM-, ,.;ri in,- i!,.; ;, '.ir 

have the honor of addre.'^sinL;, colleriiveiy, Geneial 
n-ehief of the army of the U 



I ha 



the 



He 



IKl, I 






.States of the north, to pray him to suspend his hos 

tilities, and to grant a reasonable truce, sulKcient toj^P^°'' 5" 

enable their respective comp.atriots to Icavi 

place with their women and children, as well a 

Mexican women and children. 

■cquest of the undersigned appears to them, i — 

' '' ng ideas of civiliza-j HEAD-QHARTEits of the armv of the U, 

1 opinion of iheprin 
eral Scott not to bi 



ith high re- 



lor to remain, 5 
)ur most obedient servan 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 
W. L. Marct, 
Secretary of IVnr. 



too, conformable to the e: 
tion, and they have too high 
ciples and sentiments of G 



Camp IVashington, before Vera Cruz, Marches, 1847. 



amed Ibrtress, as well as this place, depend 

on his authority; and it being his principal duty, in 

order to prove worthy of the confidence placed in 

him by the government of the nation, to defend | 

both points at all cost, to effect which he counts , 

upon the necessary elements, and will make il good j 

10 the last; therefore his excellency can commence ' 

his operations of war in the manner which he may '' 

consider most advantageous. ' I 

The undersigned has the honor to return to the ' 

general-in-chief of the forces of the United Stales 

the demonstrations of esteem he may be pleased to I 

honor him with. I 

God «iid liberty ! Vera Cruz, March 22, 1847. 

JUAN. MORALES. 

Ta Major General Scott, 

Gmeral-in-chief of the forces of the United 
States, situated in sight ofthii place. 



der of this place and ^^" of confidence in the success of th 
r, has to say, that tl '"' - 



request. 



Theunde 



ned. Major General Scott, &c., iSrc., 
They pray him to have tlie goodness to send 'back i '""^ . 'I»= '""lor to receive (late last night) the me- 
his answer to the ;)or/eme)i/aire, who is the bearer | "'O'"'"'^ signed by the consuls of Great Britain, 
of this, and to accept the assurances of their re- 1 Pi"a"*=e, Spain, and Prussia, in the city of Vera 



Secretary of W 



Cruz, requesting that the undersigned would grant 
a truce sufficient to enable the consuls and the sub- 
jects of those powers, together willi Mexican wo- 
men and children, to leave that city, now under a 
close siege and blokcade. 

The undersigned deeply regrets the lateness of 
this application, for up to the 23d instant the com- 
munication between the neutrals in Vera Cruz ani 
the neutral ships-of-war lying off Sacrificios, was 
left open mainly to allow those neutrals an oppor- 
I tunity to escape from the horrors of the impending 
translation of the original paper for the siege, of which the undersigned gave to the consuls 



spcciful considi 

Vera Cruz, 24t/» Jl/arc/t, 1847. 
T. GIFFORD, 

Consul de sa Majeste Brilnnwue. 
A. GLOUX, 
U consul de sa Majeste le Roi des I'rnncr.is. 
FELIPE G. DE ESCALANTE, 

El consul de Esaaiia. 
HENRI D'OLERIE, 

Cvnsitl de S. M. le Roi de Prusse. 



E. P. SCAMMON, ./). .1. n. C. 



I(ead-«da 



very aamonition in his power. 

In respect to a truce, it must, on reflection, be 
vident to the consuls that the undersigned cannot 
e, except on the application of the Governor 
mander-in-chitf of Vera Cruz, accompanied 
by a distinct proposition of surrender. In the 



grant c 



distinct proposil 



Heau-qijarters of the ar\ 
Camp Washington, before Vera 
March 
1 have this moment received your i 
dale, inquiring whether, in my opinion, it may not 
bo a necessary measure of expediency to stop for 
the present the intercourse heretofore allowed be- 
tween the neutral •ves.sels i>f war off this coast and 
the city and castle of Vera Cruz. 

X promptly answer in the affirmative, considering 
that both places are now blockaded by our squad- 
ron under your command, and the city not only in- 
vested by the army, but actually under the fire of 
our land batteries. 

The intercourse — the subject of yo 
not, it seems to me, however neutral i 
character on the part of the foreign 
present, fail to give the places in question, uni 
our fire, much moral aid and com-fbi'l. 
With high respect, &c., &c., 

WINFIELD SCOTT 
Com. M. C. Perry, U. S. Jf., 

Commnndins: Horne si/uadron, !fe- 



'0 on with increased i 



IS47. 

1 of thii 



note— can- 
l.'^ intended 
ips of war 



OF THE ABMV, 

Vera Ciuz, March, 23, 1847 

Sir: The flag of the United States of America! mean time the siege 
floats triumphantly over the walls of this city and and vigor, 
the castle of San Juan d'Ulloa. I That the unavoidable distresses of the women 

Our troops have garrisoned both since 10 o'clock, land children, in the besieged place, had deeply en- 
It is now noon.. Brigadier General Worth is in i gaged the sympathies of the undersigned before one 
command of the two places. shot or shell had been fired by him in that direc- 

Articles of capiltilation were signed and ex- tion, he begs to refer to the accompanying copy of 
changed at a late hour night before last. I enclose' his summons, addressed the 22d instant lo his ex- 
a copy of the document. ! cellency the Governor and commander-in chief of 

I have heretofore reported the principal incidents! Vera Cruz. His excellency chose to consider the 
of the siege up to the 25th instant. Nothing of castle of San Juan d'Ulloa, as well as Vera Cruz, 
striking interest occurred till early in the morning to be included in that summons, and expressed his 
of the next day, when I received overtures from) confidence in his ability to make a successful de- 
General Landero, on whom General Morales had I fence of both. 

devolved the principal command. A terrible storm! The undersigned has the honor^Btender to the 
of wind and sund made it difficult to communirale' consuls of Great Britain, Fiance, .Spain, and Pros- 
with the city, and impossible to refer to Commo-[sia, the assurance of his high respect and consider- 
dore Perry. 1 was obliged to entertain the propo- ation. 
sition alone, or to continue the fiie upon a place! 
that had ."(hown a disposition to surrender, for thej t„ 



loss of a day, or perhaps several, could not be per- 
mitted The accompanying papers will show the I 
proceedings and results. ' : 

Yesterday, after the norther had abated, and the! 
commisaioncrs, appointed by me early in the morn- 



WINFIELD SCOT' 
D, Gloux, Escalakte, 
s, &c., &c., &c. Vera C 



the hon 
3 expo.'^ii 



ion which has Hub 



THE SIGNAL 



made to^me by llie Sehores consuls of England, 1. The whole gan-ison or garrisons to be 
I' ranee, Spam, nnd Prussia, in which thev solicit | rendered to the arms of the Uniteil Stales ns nr 
that hostilities may be suspentied while the inno- ers of war. 

cent families m this place, who ore suffering the 2. The garrisons to be |icrinitted to ninrcl 
be enabled to leave the city, which with the honors of war, and to ground nrn 



Gi 

day r 



the heroic city of Vera Cruz, this 2Glh 
ch, ie47. 
JOSE FRANCISCO LANDERO. 



upon 



ellency 



ravages of 

solicitude rlainn my support; and, considering it 
in accordance with the rights of afflicted humanltj, 
1 have not hesitated to invite your excellency to 
enter into an honorable accommodation with the 
garrison; in wliich case you will please name three 
commissioners, who may meet at some 
diate point to treat with those of this pi 
the terms of the accommodation. 

With this motive, I renew to your e: 
my attentive consideration. 

God guard your excellency, &c. On O' 
the »ickness of the commanding general. 

JOSE JUAN DE LANDERO. 

Major General Scott. I 

Copy for the Hon. Secretary of War. 

E. P. SCA.MiVION, J]. A. U. C. 

[Translation.] 
The undersigned, consuls of several foreign pow- 
ers near the Mexican Government, have the honor 
to address to the commanding general of the State 
of Vera Cruz, a copy of the answer which they 
have received from General Scott, commander-in- 
chief of the army of the United Slates of the north, 
to the request they have made for a truce, which 
permits their respective countrymen, as well as the 
iMexican women and children, to go out of the place 
of Vera Cruz. More and more afflicted by the dis- 
asters which this place has siillered during the three 
days that it has been bombarded, and desiring fully 
to perfcffm the duties of humanity v/hich the mis- 
sions that they have received from their govern- 
ments and their own personal feelings impos', they 
beseech the Commanding General Morales to pre- 
sent to the General Scott a demand so reasonable 
as theirs. 

They have the honor to renew to the Command- 
ing General Mojales the assurances of their respect- 
ful con.sideration. ; 

T. GIFFORD, 

Comul de stt Mitjeste Biituanique. 

A. GLOUX, 

Lt consul de rrancuiie. 

FELIPE G. DE ESCALANTE, 
El consul de Esnana. 

FIENRI D'OLlERf, 

Lctonsxd de S. M. de Rio dc Prusse. 



such force as may be appointed by the undersigned, 
and at a point to be agreed upon by the commis- 
sioners. 

3. '1 he surrendered places to be immediately 
garrisoned by American troops. 

4. Mexican officers to preserve their side arms 
and private effects, including horses and horse fur- 
niture, and to be allowed, (regular and irregular 

officers,) at the end of days, to retire tolheir 

respective homes on the usual parole, with the ex- 

of J ception of such officers as the two parties may deem composed, the allowance of field p 
ry to accompany the rank and file to the 'inglo its force, baggage, and niuni 



Six i,ny,,<Kinom /rom the M.xicat 




Msioner) In 


the G(nn;,!-in-chi 


r 




1st. TheK:.ni.-n„ „.il ,.>.„,:.„ 




..■■■•• 1 


a time to b.- ,ij, .1 ,,, 












regular day ni,,. i, ,, ,; r-l,: 







United States. 

5. The rank and file of reguli 
or companies, to remain n.<; prisoners of war, sub- 
ject to be sent to the United Slates, (with such 
Mexican officers as may be needed with the men.) 
and to be clothed and subsisted by the.U. Stales. 



ad. The aforesaid garrison shall march out with 

the honors of war, colors displayed, drums beat- 

- belonging to the corps of which it \» 

i)rre.<ipond- 



■ 3d. The M 
the bastion of Santiago'until the reiirin 
garison sl-.all be out of sight of the cii 
hauling it down, it shall be saluted with I 
guns fired from the same basiion, until ' 
forces of the United States shall no 



splayul on 
g Mexican 



cost of the belligerent, that mny be placc. 
agreed upon by a definilivc-iredty of peace. i 4th. The inhabitants of Vera Cruz shall conlin- 

6. The rank and file of the irregular portion of "e in the free possession of their moveable and iin- 

ilic prisoners to be di tained days, and sub- ! movable property, in the enjoyment of which they 

sisted (if II.' • ly', r.i il„: time by the U. States, 'shall never be disturbed, as well as in the eserciso 
when thu ■ •" I iiid to rel'ire to their res- 1 of" 'heir religious faith. 

pccli^'e I'" ■ ' - giving the usual parole I 5ih. The national guards of Vera Cruz, if (Iter 

thai the ssni k , i :.: sliall not serve again un- ' ("mJ it convenient to retire peacenhly to thiir homes, 
til duly px.-hangcil. : not lo be molested on account of their conduct in 

7. All the mate-del of war, and all p.ublic proper- j bearing arms in defence of the plare. 

ty of every description fuund in the ciiy and its de- ! C^''- The undersigned desire to Uimw, in case the 
pendencies, lo belong lo the United States; but the j SefioV General Scott should have lo coiiiuiue ho«- 
yed in ifi'i'ifisi^iiaccouniofnotadmittingthesepnipos 



armamipt of the same, not injured 
thej further prosecution of llie actual war, 
considered as liable to be re-stored lo Mex 
definitive treaty of peiic<^. 

8. If theMexir.,,' . ,,:, : i ,,,,:■, , ,,,.., 
the want of power o , i , - ,, 

render of the casilc .' - , :,, ■ ■ ., ; 

h-an roinmi.'^Bioiii ; -; ■■ :': ■: -■• il,. ;, :■.•,■ i 



ay be 
by a 



if he 



I per 



>go out of the piac 
lildren belonging 



ho»- 



Tran«lati( 



for the Hon. Secretary of War, 
E. P. SCAMMON, A. J}. O. 



e Mexican families. 
PEDRO M. HERRERA, 

, I , , ■ - ,, -;„ .sur-! JOSK GUTIERREZ DE VILLANEUVA. 
- V. — -, ', \,iier-! MANUEL R0BLE3. 
" ■ ' ■■■ ■ ■ "' '' =■ ■ '■ ' ' ■' 1> iorj Translated from the : 
:i;it any iip.rssai y delay to that orablc Secretary of W;.. . 
vcr be not asked for, or be not, | 

lined, the American commis- 1 ~~ 

liatingly, consent to refer the ' '^'^*^' 'i'-*"'''^'" '"■" '"k ar.my ot the 
indcrsigned for further instruc-j Unitkd St.\tes of AMEnic.4, 

«e n'''h;ng?,- Camp IffeAington, before Vera Cmz,J[Iarch2T, 1S47. 

WIN FIELD SCOTT. 1 The undersigned. Major General Scott, general- 
Mi-chicf of the armic.i of the United States of A mcri- 
ca, has received the report of llio cummiEsioncrs 
appointed by him yesleidav, to meet the commia- 
.'loners appninicd hy his rxccllcDcy, Gcntrai J.sin- 
dero, the comin:iniin.n-.'!i;r:-nf Vera Cruz and th- 



t, of Course, given to the I 



A true copy from the original paper. 

E. P. SCAMMON, .<}..?. O. 



ilStlfi t 



Credentials of Commiisioncrs r.n the jiHrt of Ike United 
Stales. 
Ill consideration of the proposition the under- 
signed has received from Meijor General Landero, 
the actunl cunimander of the city of Vera Cruz and 
lis dependencies, that three commissioners hs ap- 
pointed on the part of each belligerent to treat of 
the surrender of the said city, v,-ith its dependen- 
cies, to the besieging army before the fiame, (he 



Gen.-nii /,,, 



of the .•; 

appoint( 

Worth : 

chiefofc^;..,,,,...,,,,;:,,; , ,„.,.,, ..v,.i\„„ .^.id^tai 

commi.ssioners on the pait ol' t'lic uiiiicr.siiiofcd, 

meet an equul number of commissioners who tn 

be duly appointed OHtlie pan of the .Seilor Gene 

Landero, to ireal, of tlie surrende 

Vera Cruz and its dependencies to the arms of ih, 

said States. 

Done ot camp Washington, the head-quartens of 
the army of the United States of America, this 
ily-sixlh d ly of March, in the yeae of our Lord 



lero's letter 

Jlexican commissioner 

In virtue of your excellency's liav 

the proposition of accommodation v/iiir 

to yuu in my de.spatcii of to-day, and i 

.ply! have ju.ilrcccived,lbii 

you ihat I have named, on 



'°'!^}?J'". "^'/'»«n'«<"'i 0/ informally"'! 



with 



a, has 
W.J. 



ily of 



S<.ri'ir.i Colonel. 
Pedro Miguel i 
gineers, 1). M; 
trusted til ' . ,i 
commod,:!. 
copy oft;.' 



D. Jc 



ig accepted commif 
1 1 [iroposed out repi 
accordance dersigm 
e the honor j spcciiic 
ly pari, t' 



those 
limply 



N, icrsigned received, 

i.iiicrs, the putjerl of 

.a lu iIkui by the Mexicnn 

iiig of six ariicli-a. With- 



Gutierrez Vdlaneuva, O. 
;ind the Lieut. Col. of En- } 
l.li.', to whom I have en. 
it\. . r to celebrate said ac- ! 
'I'.iior to enclose you a j 



ling tor I 



Is wholly inadn 
■es in (juc-^tion i 



• men the 



in the 



184 7. 



WINFIELD SCOTT. 



Hkao-qu.mitkus ok Tin 
Camp Washinglon, before F, 
Ma, 
Outlines of instructions to ilie c ,.i 
pointed on the part of tlie 1 
missioned by the undeui 
persons as may be duly ,:' 
the city of Vera Cruz nui! 
subject of the surrender of l.'ie vj.i.i-- 



IRMlf, 
» C)«2, 

.2(1, 1847.' 



tDupl,c„u 
The undersigned, comman 
Cruz, in attention to tiic prop* 
the Scnor .Major Genorai Sent 
of the forces of the United Sia 
that have been accepted by 
been nle.ised to name, end ' 



lations beiwren both belliaorents, Se- 
fi-.ia Colonels D. Jose Gutierrez de ViUancuva, D. 
Pedro MiL'uel Henera, and the Lieut. Col. of En- 
gineers, D. Manuel Robles, all of this garrison, with 
ample powers to ari-.ingo with the commissioners 
i:.;ir.cd on tlic j'art of Sefior General Scott, the term.i 



United Slates of A me 
duly exchanticd. 

Aur. 2. The garri.«ons m.-.y be allowed .11 the 
hoiiois of war usually granted to gall..nt troops; 
'' " every sort, save the 



;urrende 



:if the officers. 



tar 



fjy the commis- 



armies, Ihis moy be arranged 
Ifi of the galliini defenders ol • 



.d may 



s;iicd I 



iiorablc 

upoiR.S. 



lark I 



Art. 0. Not admissib 

Taking the foregoing 

tions oflhe undcisignni 

ed to the Mexicnn comir 



ihrtborablecapii 



emarks and the instruc. 
lo his commissionors— ■ 
ihstantially conimtfr at- 
■ssioncrs— ;is the ba3i.^ of 
i!i« undersigned;, to sj ars 



33 



T HE Si G N A L 



ihe further effusion ot" blood, is willing to refer back 
the whole subject In tlie same coramissioners of the 
two |ianies — provided, that the said commission- 
ers meet again to-dtiy at 10 o'clock a. m., at the 
Mime ploce as yesterday, and proceed without dc- 
iay to a definite conclusion of the whole subject 

The undersigned will wait the answer of his ex- 
cellency, General Landero, up to 9 o'clocl; tliis 
day; and, in the mean lime, renews the assurances 
of his high respect and consideration. 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 

Copy of the original paper for the honorable 
Secrclarv of War. 

E. P. SCAMiMON, W. .0. D. C. 

[Translation.] 
Offick of the co.mmand:ng geni^kal 

IN Vera Cr.iz. 
"Most excellent sir: As long as the Sefior Gen- 
eral Don Juan Morales lemained at the head of 
these troops. Ulna was subordinate to him; but 
this Seiior General liaving separated himself, he 
delegated to me the command of this place, only 
reserving to himself. Ulna independent, in which 
,';srri3on I hare no military jurisdittion; therefore, 
v;s long as the articles which compose the capitii-' 
lation arc not known to me, I cannot address that 
SeiTor Governor in order that he may say whether ' 
he accepts them or not. 

This much I have to say to your excellency in 
answer to the verbal mess.ige brought to me by 
the adjutant who accompanies the Senors cominis- 
.■siorier'a, in order that.this tjifficulty should place no i 
obstacle to our arrangements; and (again protest j 
to you the leatimonies of mv consideration. 

God and liberty I Vera Cruz, March 97, 1847. ' 

JOSE JUAN LANDERO. 
To the Senor General 

Of Ike forces of the U. S. before this place. 

Articles of ''cnpitiilation of the city of Vera Cru: and 
Ike castle of San Jmm (V Vlloa. 

PuENTE DE HORNOS, 

Without the walls of Vera Cruz, Saturday, 

March -21, 1^47. 
Terms of capitulation agreed upon by the commis- 
sioners, viz : . 
Geiieials Vf. J. Worth and G. J. Pillow, and 
Colonel J. G. Totten, chief engineer, on the part of 
Major General Scott, general-iii-chief of the armies 
of the United States; and Colonel Jose Gutierrez 
de Villaneuva, and the Lieut. Col. of Engineers, 
Manuel Robles, and Cuionel Pedro de Herrcra, 
commissioncra apr.olnip.l liy General of Brigade, 
Don JosOJu. n [,'-.;,. vr.n.manding in chief Vera 
Cruz, the .:,, . ,ii d'Ulloa, and their de- 
pendcnciLs, : ; ,; - . ; r to the arms. of the U. 
States ofth- -.iid-i ii.., ailIi their armaments, mu- '. 

1. The whole garrison or garrisons to be sunen- 
dereJ to the arms of the United States as prisoners 
of war, the 2Dih inst., at 10 o'clock, a. m.; the gar- 
risons to be permitted to nioich out with all the 
honors of war, and to lay down their arms to such j 
officers as may be appointed by the gcneral-iii-chief 
of the United States armies, and at a point to be 
agreed upon by the commissioners. 

2. Mexican officers shall preserve their arms and 
private effects, including horses and hirse furniture, 
and to be allowed, regular and irregular officers, as 
also the rank and file, five days to retire to their 
respective Iiomes, on ])arole, as hereinafter pre- 
scribed. 

3. Coincident wiih ill.' MurenHfr, as stipulated 
in article 1, the Mr.-ii n ,: , •. ,.i :':.■ various forts 
and stations shall I >. i l.y their own 

batteries: and imiiiLii i I'.irts Santiago 

and Conception, una i:. j l... l., u. .'...ji Juan d'UllMii. 
nc'-upird by the forces of the United Slates. 

4. Tiu: rank and file of the regular portion ui < .< 
piisoiiMs to be dispn.sed of after surrender ami i ,. 
rol,-, aslhtir ..pnf i il-ii.-fhi. f nmy .Ipsiro, n...l i ,- 

The^otiiccr , V' ' '.. ' i':'" ,',! -, , , V 
offoiTr.t;,M.,, 1... . u ,.,,.,,: , I: : ' ;.., ..,:;,- L 
and iilf. a.^ v.-.l ..^ u,i.ias.ivi:.., ;,1.„1, ... '. ^.no ,i„.,i,. 
until duly exchanged. ^ " 

5. All ihe materiel of war, and all pttblicfiBperty 
of every description found in tho city, the castle of; 



San Juan d'Ulloa, and their dependencies, to be- 
long to the Uniteil States; but the armament of the 
same (not injured or destroyed in the ftirthcr pro- 
secution of the actual war) may be considered as 
liable to be restored lo Me5£ico by a dcSnite trea- 
ty of peace. 

6. The sick and wounded Mexicans to be al- 
lowed tn remain in the city, with such inedical offi- 
cers and attendants, and officers of the army, as 
may be necessary to their care and treatment. 

7. Absolute protection is solemnly guarantied to 
persons in the city, and property, and it is cleaily 
understood that no private building or property is 
to be taken or used by the forces of the U. States 
witliotil jirev! >uoar^angement with the owners, and 
fir n lair equivalent. 

8. Absolute freedom of religious worship and ce- 
remonies is s.olcmnly guarantied. 

(Signed in duplicate.) 

W. J. WORTH, Brigndier General. 
GID. J. PILLOW, Brigadier General. 
,IOS. G TOTTEN. Col. and Chief Eng'r. 
JOSE GUTIERREZ DE VILLANEUVA. 
PEDRO MANUEL HERRERA. 
MANUEL ROBLES. 
Captain Aulick, appointed a commissioner by 
Commodore Perry on behalf of the navy, (the gen- 
cral-in-chief not being able, in consequence of the 
roughness of the sea, to communicate with the n,i- 
vy-until after commissions had been exchanged,! 
and being present by General Scott's invitation, atnl 
concurring in the result, and approving thereof, 
hereto affixes his name and signature. 

J. H. AULICK, Capt. ^ S. JV; 
Head-quarters of the army of the United Status of 
America, camp Washington, before Vera Cruz, 
March 27, 1847. 
Approved and accepted: 

WINHELD SCOTT, 
M. C. PERRY, 
Cotnmanrff r-in-c/iiff V. S. J^" forces, 

Gulf of Mexico. 
Veua Cruz, JU«rzo 27, 1847. 
Approbad y acceptado: 

JOSE JUAN DE LANDERO. 
A true copy of the original articles of capitulation. 
E. P. SCAMMON, 
lU Lieut. Top. £«g's, aci'g" aid-dc'Catnp. 

No. 20.— [Exlraet.] 
ETead-quakters or the armt. 

Vera Cuts, .J/iri/ 5, 184V. 

"Sir: My hasty report of the 29th ultiino made 
you acquainted with the capture of this city and the 
castle of San Juan d'Ulloa. 

"1 bfg to offer a copy of general orders No. 80, 
herewith, as niy detailed report on the same sub- 
ject. In the enumeration of the active and efficient, 
I might have given the names of ninny juiiiur field 
officers of artillery who assisted i:j ; i, i v i ^ ■ i ,- 
sides field officers of infantry, b:.i. . ■ ' :- 

untrcrs, who commanded the w i: i n, 

and the guard.'; of, the trenches. I , \' -, ' ; , iirily 
those omissions, and others, at a lunne time, if 1 
should find leisure. Both officers and men acquired 
much distinction on those arduous and exposed 



The Ger 
hasihf hi-" 
lianto; . 
part 01 r 

— i-eg.i'..- 



s the army he 
, upon thiabril- 
icnders on the 
toall the corps 

'. ' rnipd the 



:ih the highest 



"I have the honor to re 
respect, your obedient servant, 

"WINFIELD SCOTT. 
"Hon. W. L. Marcy, 

"Secretary of Wiir." 

HEAD-dUAllTEns OF TilK AR.UV, 

rrra Cruz, March 30, 1847. 
General Orders, ) 
No 80. I 

The capture of this well fortified cjty, the empo- 

liii'-.i r.f Mpvi.-tii mnimerce, with the castle of San 

'■! ' (IT •',,■■ ■ H lily's principal fortress, with 

,., I! . I .!< many stand of arms, 400 

■ . i ;' large quantity of ordnance 

, , , ,; li iM (he .-inry of the American 

: ; I . . I liis war. and cannot 

:- ■■ ' .. I" Jia early peace, .S" 

'll,t„u u.iji&r..iiit .Tcii.cv, :;!i Ills have^establishod 
a new base, an.! ojieiied a sliorler and a better line 
of operations upon the ctKiiiy's capital and centre 
of rcsource.9. 



line of itiveslnieiit, and | .. • - ' - - ■!- to its 
happy conclusion. The i. i me the 

heaviest labors in cainii m. i i:, wuhout 

failure or murnnir, amidst si.Lu »iulMl..^ o. distress- 
ing frequency and violence, skirmishes by day and 
night, and under the incessant fife of the enemy's 
heavy batteries of ihc city and castle. The steadi- 
ness anil v]:ri i ^n'lu ■•; f;f officers and men, under the 
circuni.= '.' - i -a 'ly of all praise. 
I The G. .. I. : I ' : ' -iiicerely regrets that he 

■cannott'U' u if liuiidreds, or rather thnu- 

• sands, to \^.\<~'u |i.iii;,ul:ir thanks are due on the 
', occasion. He can only enumerate Ihe few who are 
■ isolated by rank or position as well as by noble 
i services. Of thi.s cla.-is he is happy to name Brevet 
iBrig'r General Worih (now Brevet Major Gene- 
ral) and Biijadicr General Twiggs, commanding 
the regular brigades, Maj. General Patterson fsec- 
! ond in command) and his three Brigadier Generals, 
I Pillow, duitman, and Shields, of the volunteer di- 
I vision; Colonel Harney, commander of the regular 
cavalry; Colonel Toilen, chief of eiigineers; Col. 
Cankhcnil, chief of artillery and commander of the 
',.::.:;-, ,'.'. assisted in succession by other field 
. :; , ' ry; Captain Hugcr, acting chief of 

' ' , I: 'i .it Ihe batteries, and assisted ably 

:,, ii 1 ;\ 1 liiiiii by Captains Cross and Irwin, 
iimii of me quartermaster's department; Lieut, Col. 
j Hitchcock, acting inspector general; M^rTurn- 
i Inill, acting chief of topographical engineers; Major 
I McRee, acting chief of the quarlerniasier's depart- 
ment; Captain Grayson, acting ehief of the com- 
'missariat; Surgeon Ge:ieral Lawson; and the per- 
I sonal staff of the General-in^chief, Lieuis. H. L. 
I Scott, Wiiliama, Scammon, ai.d Lay, with the oc- 
casional aid of Captains Lee and Johnson, of ihe 
engineers and topographical engineers, and Captain 
Munroe, acting inspector general. 

To the commissioners — Brevet Major General 
Worth, Brigadier General Pillow, and Col. Totten, 
ir.cludiiig Captain Aulick of the novy— who so ably 
I negotiated and arranged the terms of capitulation 
with the enemy's commissioners, great credit is 
I also severally due in that distinct capacity. 
' Thanks higher than those of the Gencral-in-chicf 
have also been earned by the er>tire Home squad- 
ron, under the successive orders of Commodores 
Conner and Perry, for prompt, cheerful, and able 
.afsistance from the arrival of the army off this 
coast Besides landing troopsand supplies, and the 
strict blockade of this port, the smaller vessels, de- 
tached by Commodore Perry, under the immetliiite 
command of Captain Tainall, joined for a time in 
the attack upon the city, at the imminent risk of 
being sunk by the fire of the castle; and tl e land 
battery No. 5, (called the naval,) which followed 
Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, (served by the army,) at the 
end of two days was exclusively, after being pre- 
pared by the engineers and troops of the army, 
armed, manned, and commanded out of the squad- 
ron. This battery, in the successive tours of the 
gallant Captains Aulick and LVlayo, proved itself 
highly effective. 

By coinmand of Major General Scott. 

H. L. SCOTT, A. Jl. Jl. G. 



"I'lss AM, i-'riTtiniM."— Thus epithet is used in 
(Jfrisioii : Whence came 

it? Itf , line a mailer of 

grave i: , i' ihlical philolo- 

"ists. It .., , 1 1 MHKible, however, 

tl.an they have siijipotcd, Tl,c Covington (ICy.) 
Journal says: 

"The epithet, 'Fuss and Feathers,' was first ap- 
plied to Scott at Lundy's Lane by the British. 
The tall hero went into ihe fight with a very large ■ 
plume, and was so active and earnest in hurrying 
on and (iicourn^inif his men — fiisi at one point, 

' iliPii ."It Hiiiiilii r — tliat liiQ enemy thought he was a 

!; ', ,1-1 lall form, large plume, 

.a conspicuous mark for 

:, He had two horses 

i.i,:.il i: _ _. .. ;;i, ^lllt in the side, aftcrwarda 

I in the shoulJtr, and finally bad his feathers shot 
ofl'. After that the British aiiled him 'Fuss and 

I Feathers.' " 



THE SIGNAL 



39 



From MavsfiildS Life <f Scolt. I 

Seueral S«oH'» Civil Admlu!5tr.it!o!s lu I 

Jlexieo. ; 

The following order was issued by General 
$coTT immediately afler the capture ol Mcx 
ioo, and is the hi^rhest eviiience nf liis ligcil as 
well as adoiinistraiive abililies. Without tliis 
order discipline could not have been maiolaiiicd 
ill ihe army, the inhabitants of Mexico could 
not have been conciliated, and consequently the 
campaign would have failed, for the sole object 
of the campaign was t;i make peace. Geneial 
Scott was bred a lawyer, and the reader will j 
see that this order is drawn up with an accu- ; 
rate knowledge of the prinniples bearing upon 
the ca'-e, and the best means of administering ' 
justice, where the civil law cannot be appealed 
to. It is one of Ihe best legal documents ever . 
issued by any functionary of the E.^iecutive Go- ; 
verninent: 

ni!ADU0.\KTEB3 OF THE ARJIY, 

N.1T10SAL Palace or Mexico, Sept. 17, 1^11. 
Genebii, Ordeub, No -2^-.— The General in- ; 
Chiff republishes, wiiii lioportant artdicinos, his. 
General Ord.-ra, No. 2i). of February 19. 1S47. (de- | 
clarino- Martial Law.) Io jrovern all who niny be I 
concerned: ■ 

1. It 13 Still to be apprehended that many ^ravo ; 
offences, not provided for in the act of Corffresa 1 
•■establishing rules and artii-lea for the prove rn - j 
nient of the armies of the United States," ap [ 
proved April 10, ISt^S, may be again commiiicd : 
by or i;p..u individuals of those armies in Mexicj ; 
pending the exieiug' war between the tvo rcpub- ] 
lies. Allusion is here made to i.fTence.^ ;iny one of 
which, if coniinitted within the United States or , 
their organized territories, would of course be trie<l ; 
and severely punished by the ordinary or civil | 
courts of the land. | 

2, Assassination, murder, poisotn'ngf, rape, or i 
the attempt to commit either ; malicious stabbine" i 
or maiming; malicious assiuU and battery; rob- j 
bery; theft; the wanton dcsccraiion of churches, 
cemeteries, or other religious edifices and fixtures; 1 
the interruption of religious reremoniee, and the | 
destruction, except by order of a superior offircr, | 
of public or private property, are fuch offences. 

3 The good of the service, the lionor of the Uni- I 
ted States, nnd the interests of humanity, inipo- i 
riously demand thatcvery crime enumerated above ' 
should be severely punished. | 

4. But the written coile, as above, commonly I 
called the Rules and ^rlicks rf IVar, docs not pro- 
vide for the puni.^hmen! of a-ii/ o>i« of those crimes, 
even when committed by in'liiiriuals of the army I 
upon the persons or properly of other irdividu.its ! 
ol the same, exoent in the very restricted case in 
Ihe 9th of those articles; nor for like outrages, I 
committed by Ihc same class of individusls, upon 1 
the persons or propertyof a hostile country, except j 
very partially in the 8I3I, 52 1, and 55ih articles;: 
and the same code i.i ahaolutely silent as to all in- I 
juries which may bs inflicted upon individuals of) 
the army, or their property, against the laws of; 
war, by individuala of a hostile country. ' 

6. It is evident that the 99lh article, indepemleiit 
of any restriction in- the S7th, is wholly nugatory ! 
in re:u )iino-n„v one oftho^^e hish crimes. j 

6. r^.r :l 11/ :'■: i,;, therefore, enumerated in 
thes..:.- I 1 r i - jlsjve, which may be com I 

plem. !;i . .' ; - ;r,iely needed. j 

7. That unwrit^iii c-i:de is mariral law, as an ad- j 
dition to the virtllen military code, prescribed by j 
Consross in the Kules and Articles of War, and ' 
which unwritten code, all armies, in hostile coun- j 
tries, are forced to adopt— not only ior their own j 
safety, but for the piolcction of the onotTendiug 
inhsbitants and their pr.iperty about the theatres j 
of military operations, .against injuries on the part ; 
of the army, contrary to Ihe laws of war. : 

8. From the same supreme necessity, martial ; 
law is hereby declared as a supplemental code in ! 
and about all cities, towns, camps, posts, hospi ' 
la s, and other places which may be orcupied by , 
any part of the forces of the Uidted States in ftiex 
ico, and in and about all columns, escorts, con- 
voys, guards, and detuchmcnts of the said for.es, 
while cogaced in prosecuting the existing war in ! 
and against the said republic and while reiiiaining j 
within the same. 1 

9. AccordingTV, every crime enumerated in I 
paragraph No. 2. aboi'e. whether cominitted~l, ! 
Ijy any iohabi;ant of Mexiio, scjourner or travel 
ler therein, upon the person or property of any 
iiiriividuai ol the Uuitetl SlBtcs forces, retainer ori 



fd!o« 



oft 



e same; 2, by iny indiv: 
siii forcea, retainer or lollower of the same, upon 
the person or property of any inhabit.itit of Mex- 
ico, 8oj..urner or traveller theriin; or, 3, by any 
indivi'ju il of the siid forces, retainer or follower 
of the same, upon the person or properly of any 
other individual of the said force?, re'ainer or f.il 
lowerof the s:imc, shall be duly Jried and pun- 
ished under the said supplemental rode. 

10 For this purpose it is ordered, th it all offend- 
ers, in the m.'itieriy aliiresaid, shall be proinFtly 
seized, confined, and reportetl for trial, bciorc 
Aidiiary Cummissions, to be duly appointed as fol- 
lows : 

II. livery military commission, under this order, 
will be appointed, governed.and limile.l.n; nearly 
as practicable, as prescribed by the firiih. i.i;!h.67ih 
and 97ihofibe said Rulcsand Articles.! 1 ■■•• 1 

the pioreedings of such rommissicn-: • 
rccordei!, iu writing, revicweilj rcTir": - , 
ed or approved, and the leniences ex- .. 
as near as may be, as in the cases ol the f r.^ctcii'.s;. 
and sentences of courts martial; Provided, That no 
military commission shall try any case clearly 
cogniz.ible by any court martial: Ami providnt, 
also. That no sentence of a military coitimissiou 
shi.ll be put in execution against any individual 
beluugini'' to this army, which may not be, accord 
ing to the nature and degree of the offence, as 
eiiablished by evidence, ' tn conformity* with 

the Slates of the United States of America. 

12 The snle. waste, or los3 of ammunition, horses. 
arms, cloihing. or tccoutrtments. by s.,M:l,.^. 
i^ punishable under the 37ih and ;i>n, ..i!. \ ■ : 
War. Any Mexican, or resident .1 i: .!. :i 
Mexico, who shall purchase of .i:.y •.u. 1 
.-oldier eithtr horse, i quipment?, m m^ :iii:tic:j'. 
lion, accoutrements, or clothing, shall oc ii jc.i on.i 
El vcrely punished, by a inilitasy Cc-mmission, as 
above. 

13 The Admii.i.Mir.iion of justice, loth iu civil 
and criminal matters, through the ordinary courts 
of tbo country, sh.ill nowh.re, and in no degree, 
be inlerrupied by any officer or soldier oilhe 



fact 



epi- 



i-hich 



officer, acldier, ligent, servant, or follower of the 
.■American army may be a party; and 2, iu pulU- 
ical cascs-lhai ia. piosccu'i ii.s against other indi 
vjduals on the allegations that they havo given 
friendly inlormalion, aid, or assistance to Ihe 
American forces. 

14. For the ease and safely of both parties, in ail 
cities and towns occupied by the American army, 
a Mexican police shall Lc established and duly 
harmonized with the military police ol the said 
forces. 

15. This splendid capital— its churches and reli- 
gious worship, ita convents and monasteries, its 
rohabitama and properly— are, moreover, placed 
under the special saleguurd of the laiih and honor 
of the American army. 

1(> In cousideratiun of the foiegoiiig protection, 
a ctntribution of SloO.liOO is imposed on this lapi- 
tal,to be paid in fur weekly instalments of thirty 
eeveu IhoUiind five hundred doll.irs ($-37,500) 
each, beginning on Monday next, the -iOih instant, 
and tcrminaliug on Ilonday, the 11th of October 

17. The Ayuo'.amienl.), or corporate aulla.niy of 
the city. j= - . I . -.ly .;..:!•.:. i ■■ ■.: 1 ;l .i.hec!:oii 

IS. l3l <..:.■ .<: ■" ... ii..i..-i . I . !'■■ , i: ■t to 



, pio- 



wouiuie-j and sa;!i ill hospual.-uiueiy thousand j 
dollars (JJ9y,O0O) to the purchase of blankets and ' 
shoes for gratuitous distribution among the rank ; 
and tile ol the army — and lorty thousand dollars 
(glll.OOi)) reserv.d for other ntcis:ary military 



war of DjIU. VVc do not recollect 1 
case, if any »uch oicurrcd, and do not regard thfiu 
OS worthy of notice for the purpose of vindicatins 
Oeii. Scott from the charge of cinearlici! Nor do 

ns -.he i;.;;!>da"tion of Gen. ijcoH'i di fence; lor those 
who now conu'el.-ju him for this imputed refusal, 
would have been cqufilly H^-er,>e upon his acceot- 
3nce. .Material lor partisan slander is all that ihiu 
seek. But while disdaining to discuss the question 
whether duelling be right or wrong generally, we 
will offer a few words upon duelling in c*peciat 
connexion with Ocn. Scott, and upo^rihe proof of 
coicardice which is iurnished by thi.'i imputed refu ; 
sal. Gen. Scott entered the eriny from eh.iiccaufl 
fiughthia way in numerous blo.aly bittbe to the 
■■ouinrii.!3ion and command of a Krigadier General, 
1,..! In fore the v/arof 1812 waj enii-.ti. And rot 
: ..a.-r Wilkinson, and Hull, and Hampton, and 

I. r.iorn. and other "ol-t fogies" whicl; ihe Revo- 
i.iM.m had left, had heencleared oiriromlheRriny, 

uid theii places in commnud supplied by Browne, 
.-icon, Gaine." Hipley, and oiher sprigs of "Young 
America," cid said ar„,y begin t-o meet with any 
succtts. .\nd alter it dit! butrin, il went forth 
liue him who sat on the white horse with a 
bow in his hand, "conquering and to con- 
quer." And Colone-I Scolt and General Scoti, 
" the Hero of Lundy's Lane," and of many 
other lanea wheir Briiish bullets and bayonct>i 
were no joke, had a very ccUfiderahle share in 
ihe very hard Hghting that achieved al ibis •\x.iv 
quering " We wonder if anybody in the army la 
these days eve." dreamed of cowardice in Captain 
>ci.it.ur Colonel Scolt, or General Scott.' Guess 

: :. Kven the "original ScotI mcil" of ihe presml 

v.- who have stuck io him most conetJnily and 
: . I. hilly from the bcgluning of his c.iresr— no. 

iiia.-e enthusiastic in praise of hij gallaniy ihaii 
were all men of whatever parly, in those fighting 
days. The "Federalists," who opijoscd Ihe war, 
were 0011111111103 m praising Ihcchivalroua gailan. 
try of this t'len ■ u - . : ":;.l uid seneial; while 
the "Republ' ■.' ■ -. : ,,nd suctaiiied said 
war, regai.lr 1 u , ■ ii.'ceatcr. Genira! 
Scotl a '00 AM r ■ ' 1:. --.;.: 11 wouUl no( have. 
been quite iai.- ii, l-ci, i j.o, ISU, and I315, when 
something harder Ihan words was a very fr.queus 
penally for slano'ering .\i!ierir.;n officers, milllary 
or »i.val. And i/ General Scolt were a cov.-ard in 
the war of ^12, he must have outgrown the in- 
firmity aftcrwarde, for he certainly did pot run 
away in Florida, and gave himself numerous op- 
porlu'iiiies for smelling powder in Mexico. And 
General Scott did r.oi dare to "louk. Genera! .1 uik- 
.00 in Ihe eye!" lie looked the bilterie.iot Vera 
Cruz, and Conlreras. and Churubosco. an.l Oei ro 
Gcrdo, and .Mdinu del Key, and. su-.dry other 
places, not only in the eye, but iu the mouth; and 
as "fuss and feathers" make him a ccnspicooUs 
mai k, he inuat have looked lit e-jiiie liik. .\ cij«- 
ard! Pshaw! The paor things -.vho make U:U 
charge aiihis time oi day are'mcrcly talking ol 
Ihoiuselves 

A g.iod 'story ia told, in history, of iMar hHi 
Turii.ne. In 1674 he marched into iii..t pan of 
Wesi.rii Germany then called the faUlin'i'e: the 



was fxa>pcratcd inlo u;-miiTig a challenge to ' 
rennc. The French l'^ niral replied that he nc 
(oughl at .ho head oi kss than !<.v. nty ilnvi^ 



I. This order wii be rrad at the head of every 
pany of the United Slates lorces serving in 
iiai, and Icnslated ieto Spanisli lor Ihe iofur- 
ion of Mexicans 



» The Uniled States, as 'uch. have no ccinman 
law, and hence Ihe aimy could not ta!;,- along w.lh 
it abroad a comnion law as it took the Constitution, 
the itoles and .\rticles of War, Stc. 



rrom the PUiUdelpUia 


f.<r/g.r. 




Fialho-." 


General Sco'.t nnci Gesici 


r.l J.icUs 


vii. 




Oiicofthe pariisan ne>vsp ,,. : 
instuicis I. Inch, during a i' 

caui'i'iioiaiin- ihe q.n.lid.m : , 
Geri.'gnott-iB aifPica.ii; "b ciu.e 
letigo froin Gen Jackson s^iit 


e nbi/-d 
t liiue gu 


iujf lUe 


Oi'iitrai i3i;o. 



40 



T H 1 ; SIGNAL 



THE HGNAL, 

CITY OF WASHINGTON, JULY 17, 165-3. 
WHIG NOMINATIONS. 

FOR PRESIDENT, 

WINFIELD SCOTT, 

Of New Jersey. 
FOR VICE PRESIDENT, 

WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, 

Of North Carolina. 



GENERAL SCOTT'S DESPATCHES, j 
As our Democralic brethren are criticis- j 
ing General Scott's style with great se- j 
verity, and seem disposed to make an is- 
sue on the relative merits of General I 
ScoTr and General Pierce as writers, we 
propose to re-publish, from time to time, 
some of the most important of General I 
Scott's despatches from Mexico. Wei 
shall also re-print the despatches of Gen- 1 
cral Pierce, as we find room for them, ! 
that our readers may have the means of j 
making a comparison between the twol^'^'''' publish 
candidates in this regard. Without de- 



Imr. pierce and harbor and river 
improvements. 

We are glad that the friends of Gen. 
Pierce have come to his rescue in the 
matter of river and harbor improvements. 
•Mr. Stuart, of Michigan, (Democrat,) 
' made a speech in the House of Represent- 
jativcs on the 14th instant, which was very 
I able, and entirely satisfactory to one point, 
to wit, that General Pierce never, under 
any circumstances, voted for any billcon- 
; templating Western improvements while 
i he was a member of Congress. 
i Mr. Stuart denied, in effect, that Gen. 
I Pierce was opposed to Harbor and River 
I improvements, and said, that if such a be- 
lief got abroad, it would ruin him in the 
j Northwestern States. We think so too — 
I and the impression will not only go ahead, 
but the fact will be proved by the most 
conclusive testimony. 

In our next number we shall give a full 

review of the whole course of Gen. Pierce 

in regard to Harbor and River bills. We 

full synopsis of all such 

bills which General Pierce voted against, 



tractLng from the merits of Gen. Pierce h^'i^h extracts from the journals of Con- 
as a writer, we apprehend that when these S^ess and from the Congressional Globe, 

documents are studied, taking in view the j g'^'^^g '^''^ ^""^ ^^^^- ^^^ ^^'='^' ^'^^" ^^°^' 
achievements described, and the manner ^^'l^*^" "'°^« ^'"^^y '''"^ ^^''^ ^PP'^"^^'^ ^^ 
in which they are narrated, the people 
will incline to the opinion that Gen. Scott 
is entitled to the palm of composition. 

We publish in our number of this week 
the military, despatches of General Scott i 
describing the siege and capture of Vera ^^^q NOMINATED GEN. PIERCE 
Cruz. We also publish the order issued ^Ve publish, in another part of thi 
by General Scott immediately after the ^^,^^y's impression, two letters fron-. Mr. 
capture of Mexico, providing a code for | j^jj_,^. Fosstth, of Georgia,' a leader in 
tha administration of the conquered coun- 1, i,g,.,^,jl,g of n^g secessionists and fire 
try. It is frequently said by his enemies 



General Jackso.v and Mr. Van Buren. 
The public will then be able to judge how 
far Mr. Stijart is sustained in his asser- 
tion, that General Pierce is not opposed 
to Harbor and River improvements. 



that General Scott is a mere military 
man, and that he has never had any experi- 
ence or exhibited any capacity for civil 
^administration. We shall take an early 
^occasion to review this subject at length. 
Meanwhile we submit to our readers in the 
preceding page a document which is well 
said to give the highest evidence of legal 
as well as administrative abilities. 



of the Pierce ticket, as they should, tor 
they are the authors or it. 
"As for us — and I speak for Southern 
Rights Democrats — we shall not be easily 
' driven from the svpport of the ticket of 
' our CREATION and choice. Nothing can 
drive us off short of the discovery thcii 
the imane policy of Gen.. Cass is to b'e 
triumphant in its councils, and that 
Franklin Pierce is that sort of a 'Union 
man,' that bases the hopes of the perpe- 
tuity of the Union upon the ruins of the 
rights, independence, and sovereignty of 
the States." 

In his second, which was written to ex- 
plain the first, Mr. Forsyth merely re- 
iterates the averment in his first letter. 

"I presume it will not be denied," says 
Mr. Forsyth, "as a historical fact, that 
' after the friends of the prominent can- 
' didates had found it was not possible to 
' nominate either of these distinguished 
' gentlemen, the Virginia delegation led 
' off in the nomination of General Pierce, 
' which resulted so happily in the restora- 
' tion of harmony and unanimity in the 
' Convention. / was therefore justified, 
' by the strict facts of the case, when I Je- 
' dared that the 7iominee of the convention 
' was the 'creation and choice^ of the South- 
' ern Democrats." 

Such is the entertainment to which the 
Union men of the South are invited — the 
support of a ticket the "creation and 
CHOICE of Mr. Soule, Mr. Forsyth, and 
those who act with them I 



ks of the secessionists 
caters. They will be read with no little 
inteiest, as illustrative of the existing har- 
monies in the Democratic party, and as 
throwing light on the circumstances of 
General Pierce's nomination. 

Our readers will learn from Mr. For- 
syth that the Democratic ticket is the 
"creation and choice" of the sec_es;-io:; 
wing of the Democracy. We are incline l. 
to think this statement is literally correct. 
This fact explains the enthusiasm of Mr. 
Okr, of South Carolina, in behalf of Gen. 
Pierce, and the seeming coolness of the 



GENERAL PIERCE ON THE 
SLAVE L.'-W. 


FUGITIVE 


O.-.r tVieiidsiii the Suulh 


^rn 


St 


itps at? called 


npun to rcp-jiii-t • (;-... r 
jfround that hp ii. 
rwehisnoinin:);;- 
C..«pr;.:,;.e:. . 






r.TT. nn ih,e 
■ ' :: ' U-Vbe- 

.V .,„nUie 

■■ ■ -, lit the 

:iTd, 


with 111. : 
aii:Jhinj.ir.:;e V. . 
involved in t!,i^ 






:i lions 

UHlh 
lirll Is 

ill he 

'■ ?P- 
: that 



Scott. 

tleman 

But 

Fu^iii- 



We understand that General Scott has 
declined the invitation to be present at the 
great Whig meeting to be held at the Ni- 
agara Falls, commemorative of the battle | conservative branch of the Democracy. 
of Lundy's Lane, on the 25th instant, and, j In his first letter Mr. Forsyth says : 
indeed, that he does not expect to attend' "Mr. Soule, and those who act with 
any public meeting durincj the P-f-iden- 1 ' him, do not wish to 'rule,' much less to , 
tial canvass. [' fruin.' They earne.stlyde.sire the success [wliiuh G* 



itains araorvg his 



THE SIGNAL 



41 



own people on this interesting subject. We 
apprehend that they are not ealeulaled to sus- 
tain the high culogiums which are passed upon 
General Pierce at the Souih, fur giving the 
Fugitive Slave law the '"approval of his judg- 
ment." 

We hardly think that our southern friends 
will find any thinj in General Pierce's local 
opinions on the subject of slavery, to justify 
the contrast which they draw between him 
and the Whig candidate. General Scott is a 
southern man, a native of Virginia; his early 
associations were among slaves and slavehold- 
ers; his early opinions were formed in the midst 
of kindred and friends who were born under 
the influences of southern institutions. He 
feels on the subject, necessarily, as a southern 
man. General Pierce, on the contrary, was 
born in the extreme North, in a State where 
widespread antipathies exist toward slavery, 
and removed from all those eircumslances and 
influences which mitigate those antipathies. 
It is absurd, therefore, to preieiid that General 
Scott is all wrong on the matter of slavery, 
and that General Pierce is all right; and that 
the Souih must take the latter because the 
Fugitive Slave law has the "approval of his 
judgment" — whereas General Scott has mere- 
ly acceplcd the Whig resolutions, and appeal- 
ed to forty years of public service as the pledge 
and guarantee for his "strict adherence" to 
them. 

But we will not detain our readers longer 
from a perusal of the sentimenis which General 
Pierce is in the habit of e.xpressing among his 
friends and neighbors in New Hampshire on 
this subject. W^e have two reports of what he 
said on the 2d of January last at a meeting of 
his Democratic fri^ids in the town of Nev, 
Uoston, New Hampshire. The first report wt 
copy from the Indcpeiuhiit Democrat, a journa 
published in Concord, New Hampshire, the 
residence of General Pierce. lis coriectness 
has never been questioned. The second report 
is in a letter from one of his audience, writtet 
the day after the speec'i was made, and pub 
lished in the Manchester (.N. H.) Demncral of 
the 8ih of .January, a nojiy of which is befori 
us. It will be seen that the two reports sub 
stantially correspuno'. 

We desire the immediate attention of on 
contemporaries of the Unioa to this matter. As 
they are advocating General Pierce's election 
by representing hmi as thoroughly sound on 
the Compron\ise question — the Fugitive Slave 
law included, as a matter not only of judgment, 
but of feeling — we should like to hear them 
discourse on the le.xts that tiiey will find in the 
e.xtracts which follow : 

From the Indcpeiulevt Jicwocrgit pitblisUid al Vo7i- 
cord, A^ w Hampshire. 
At the meeting appointed at New Boston Centre 
on Friday afurnouu of January 2d, by General 
Franklin Pierce, to additss the ciiizms of- lliai 
town in regard lo thn difficullies b-iiwucn himseLf 
and a portion of tlieDemociata of that section, be 
cccupitd the hour of liie in defending his miiilaiy 
^character. He exptsintd the r.ircumstauce of his 
fainting; and declared tliat, "wilh (he ese.tpiiou of 
a single occasion, he had led hia ccmnjano in the 
ijiazc of every batt;c." 

After this he commccced f peakiiicr upon the Fu 
mlive r,!:ar. I,.,.-, li, a.id ill.i!. it dlllerrd in noim- 
uo:ta I , ■ i. 7; (be law of 1793. Acler 

-gy,„,, ■ :i sr.id.that a.? theitiviia 

li.in i wouid like to make an in- 

QUI- • •■ tl)< f. -ituiea of tlio Fiif;!. 



The above is the substance of General Pierce's 
remarks upon the Fugitive Slave law. The quo- 
tatinii marks include the very languag-e used by 
the General, as taken down at the time it was ut- 
tered. 

From the Manchester (N. H ) Vemoual of Juntturi/ 

8, 1852 

GESH. PIERCE IN NEW BOSTON 

New Boston, January 3, 1352 
Mr. Editor : Some weeks ago General Pierce 
cct word to certain of the friends of Mr. Atwuod 
n New Boston that he was about to addrcsa the 
people of this town, in order that he mightset Iiim- 
;lf right in the case of Letiiia Blaisdell. Tirs, 
jwever, was considered to be a mere pretext, 
hile the real object of his iiji==iun wuuld 1 e to 
procure the passage otaomr 1 fr'!!^:: t ,.. M.-oine 

y getu] " ■ •■ • ■ " 



Goodale 








,,,-,,,„, 


inainuations upon 


his poi 










lion, he "liad led 


us com 


mai'.l 








ry battle!" 


This i 


itnrn 






-• .iv 


what was needed. 


Vo offic 


.1 a. , 


riMl 




'' I'i .■! 


rendered of these 


deeds u 


brav 


cry. \: 


,. „|j 


■ hi rci 


lain in ignorance 


of them 


,:f U 




Pie 


ce hat^ 


not imparled the 


needed 


11 lorn 


at ion 


There cer 


ninly are two facts 


mtheG 




's history 


■.at ha 


e not often occur- 


red to 


he (Treat cnpiai 


03, of 


cilhcr ancient or 


modern 


times 














"He 


m^l 


t and /ill 






But 


live. 


to Idl. 





his i 



lb all 



jalvoice^f New Boston. 

leeting, handbills were i 

ortbern part of the county- 
east to Hlllshoro' on the ' 
Gen. Franklin Pierce wool 
New Boston on Friday, tl 
It was manifestly the intention to have enough I 
"outsiders" present to aid our citizens in making- 
the discovery, which snacquaintanccof twenty-five 
years had lailed to do, that John Atwood was a 
very base, intriguing, and dishonest man! | 

Before noon on yesterday the deputy shcrilTs and 
party fuglcra in general began to arrive in town, 
and the bar-room of the tavern was thronged v/ith 
those who were cvidcaiiy preparing themselv.-s for 
a demonstration. Little attention, however, v. 
p%id to the meeting by the friends of Mr. Al\v 
and but comparatively few of them were pn ■; i.i 
Of the whole number assembled in the mtit)i:_- 
house, less llian one third were citizens of New 
Boston. In fact, iriany of ourpeoplesay, Ural more 
than Ihree-.fouiths of those present were from other 

The meeting was called 'o order by Caplriiii P, 
Fletcher, who, on taking the chair, said II. 5 
Gtn. Pierce was unwell, air. B F Ayer v, 
occupy a portion of the time, and inlroduct-l 1..;.. 
to the audience. Mr. Ayer spoke fur threc-quar- 
of an hour, lie had evidently prepared him-i ,) i 
the occasion, ard considered the part he wh.s .. ' 
ing as a very important one As his arguuj. ..; 
and to a considerahle extent his language, arc 1. 
be lound in the Patriot and other Hunker papers ol 
the past year, it is needless to repeat them. In 
Slate matters he was very anxious to have it un- 
dcrilood that the Hunker party were not responsi- 
ble for the corporation acts of the last Legislature, 
and tbcindividual liability law; but for some cause 
be forgot to mention that the party had a majority 
111 the Legislatorcond he gave the liability law an 
aiiiiquity far bi (ore its actoal oii^ni m '.^I'i. 

General Pierce commeni-< - .'k ... :.r, l.y. wi 
phmentinghia "young Ir:. 1 
that there was no other ;!■ . . 1 , i 

been induced to niakea po!!'.'< ,1.; I . i ij: : ■ 
sent time. He went through toe an rcutyped ui 
iroduc.tory of all biS speeches in tl;;a ngioii, allud I 
ing in very feeling tones lo ihc important fact that 
he was b.jrn in HillsLoro' county— 5|ioke of tc- ' 
ing among the friends of his father— said that D. | 
Bcnnttt, of this I iwn, built the firit stack of chim- 
nies in his father's house that was e. er buill in the ' 
town of HiUsboro'— called by name tevcral in- 
dividuals present as bis especial actjuaiutances — 
and inquired if there was any rcvoluiionary soldier 
present. 

Someone in the audience announced that Mr. 
Abner Hogg, a revuiutionaty soidier, (and in 18<5 
and '46 a member of the L'-gislature from New 
Boston,) wasct-U living, but nol present; and.a sec 
ond voice announced tliat be v/aj a thoroo^jh -At- 
wood m.ui. 

Gen. P.- "And none the worse for that." 

Foice.— "So I think." 

The GfnernI then proceeded to speak of bis fa- 
ther and mother as riding luirseback over rough 
ruarls, and of iha great iinprov. mcrita thtit h-dve 
i.. . .; ::,..;. -..::. in aiew years. IJe rtftrnd to iht. 
' ■ <• ,'> coun'tnj. imd i'i a piout Iruin of 



■ • ■ ., ' l',.(.,,„ci \stitulion ia some rispich—amoKil b'otitpun lUcchar- 

,,,' \acter of the nation. Btttit can't he lulped." He re- 

- Iht. I fi^rrcd to the gri;at peril in which the Union had 

■; ''',,' ","; 1 been placed. S..iiie. ai.d among them Rhetl ot 

fro-,VLilc\Vfir'ld'on he l^""'" Carolu ... : - ..■ ' -'■:.: disunion 

addns, the citizens of j 
2d day of January. 



find John 



the t 

at Mcr 



I, iic .- . .;, ..'r ,.( .ii.slress wheaheheard 
uii.pr.Miis.: im-atiiica had failed. He 
erlilh, and loltl the people he wanted to 
nion was to be dissolve ! — and dissolve 
f the Compromise measures did not 

cr;.l then introduced Mr. Webster to the 
f his audience. He had been charged 
.'or Mr Webster. The fact was he had 
n .-,.poicd lo th = t man, and his father at 
i .. I; . . . 1 l;i= iifficeof sheriff hy 



I v.-Ul lull -A-h.-it I did say," said G'.ne- 

iaid to Mr. Webster, -we never have 

re, aod we never may again. We 

!l.e. Ciiiipioinisc question, and let us 

..; K.- He declared that there bal 

: , .- about this matter; but omil- 

Doston Post, or its corre- 

. ...1- ;.i,-sentat the dinner, was re- 

it. He declared that Mr. Webster 

y w-tre sincere in their efT-^rts lu s^^ve 

iVIr. Ciay was dying, ami il he had 

ere in every act of his life as in Ihc part 

.-It in the Comproinisie mcaaures, he 

-c from the. great Jodge what we all so 

— the approval, "Well done, good and 



would rccei 
much desir 
fiiihful scr' 

Afler a f.-.w. inore exclamations in regard lo 
siving the UiiiSn.and announcing the fici that in 
the late war "iny own command an-l the Pal- 
metto rcginic.-it sto^.d together on the tijld of bat- 
tle," the General again took up the Coiiiiiromide 
T.K r? -r =, ?-jying that the Nonb got Ihe kernel and 
• ■■'!;■ shell. He repeated what Mr 



ibepr 



; Fugii 



.vliioh so much 
,,:....:, ilijherd from the law of I7U3, under 
which wR hail lived nearly sixty years." 

Here Mr. F.jS3 sdd, that without interrupting 
the speaker, l.s wished to make an inquiry: "If in 
no p:i. ;i -in -1 .' fT ;- lit, why was it necessary to 



about the law of 1793, 



U R, 



the liigh 
ons." Ih 
Rlr. 



sposii-onlii 
Fo^s.fonn 



id "1/1(1 



! go into a disquisition upon 
madi, "Do you regard tlis 



Gcii Ptercf.—"li'tU. if I must answer. No. I do 
not. I hast b. en. ask-d if I Wed this Fugitive Stave 
law. I answered, »<o, I have (i most revolting feit- 
ing at the giving vp of a slave; the FvgU.ve Slave 
liiio is otrptistd. to h't.nttnity. [Here som'- one tn- 
quired. *Js it nrit rpposed to rti;ht?'] Vcs, it is 
iinnosetl tn mitrr! rix''i Hoi ."ir fithi-rs iriarie the 



rly a clergy 



liothi 



C. : . ;,\\cd: .!■ If I must ' man vf i.'m !u'.L-n, could but < 

ain- ■ not. I liave bienly "fanatitui" to satisfy the mostaltraaboilionisl 

as!.,ii t'-iw. I anstBired\ Gen. P. now proceeded to speak upon another . 

,10,;., ' . r.fO((ii!g /te/iiig nt 1 topic wiiich he IS very apt li) dv.-cll upon on ali ! nl. , . 

f/ie gju.ii!,' .iji iv' .'.■■•• . 'I'- '""' is o/poscd lo hu- | occasions, not even exccptii.g hii; i-florts at the i c ro==, lu • 1', i.ni. :. .n.. 
mani'y." ' bar— liz., his own valor in the iMcxican .war. Islaves; twenty v.-i.uul 

Here Mr Foss icquireil, "If it was not opposed ! Most- of I hose who had returned from that war slave.!. Thr ,i (iv..- huiid 
lo right as well as humanity.'" - General Pierce j had fared better than ho had. There h*d been 1 by an equal nunibci; 
replied: "Yes, it is opposed to moroi right." | many fooliih lies in regard to his. bravery, and 1 would pass an army < 



nn of thfi 


l.sregaid- 




1... 1, ..,-.,., rfugi-.ivr. 


cet ihcm to defend the 


d would eoii.c. to te met 


nd belorc three monliis 


600,000 would be 10 the 



4-2 



THE SIGNAL 



firW; an.i the S.iulh would be 23 likely to pinni 
ihcir banner at Pt'iiadelpbia, oe the North theirs at 
Charleston. 

At lenplh the (ieneral commenced upon his rela | 
tioi!9 to Mr. ."itwooil. He stated that he had had ' 
little to do with politics, and hia friends b.-id ulten ' 
blamed him at Conrord bccp.u-r he ton'r .0 ljtt!r 
interest in them He oiiiiti. , , ! .. \ , ,, 

that he wrote to the Rev. D 1 i.. :, , ,, , , 

/iiica/ matters li.3t winter- I', . 

of appearing before the Icgi.-l^iir. I i .i;..i ,. , ., 
the agent of the Concord and <.lher railroid r.-rrM 
rations, and even went before the House sO. the last j 
eessiun in behalf of the Northern Railroad Com- ! 
pan?— and that he is receiving lare-e fees from cor- 1 
porationa on account of the poHtical'lnfluencc which 
he has as leader of the Central Rrgency. He said 
that it was slrunff friendship for Mr. Alwood which 
drew him into the affair of last winter. He had ' 
beenactiveiii getting Mr. Atwood appointed Si.i'.- 
Treasurer, (!) signed his bonds and procured . n, 
crs to do the same. He wif.t at some length in. 
explanation of his relations to Mr. Atwocd.in ".|. 
eprc ' ■ 



. Foraj-tJi. 

isoTON, July a, ISo-J 



Edilvm Uvuthern Fi 
A correspondent 



Philadelphia Letli' 






Pieioe and Kinp. 


H t 1 


G^ 


leral C-ins cpeaks 


he sentiments of 1 






;h« Aihcis Ban- 


ner, the org-an .1 






., V.Ms the Ian- 


^■.mge ofautl-M 






■ If, then itisun 


diemocteryl.. 






.,c ratio party is 








— and renewed 



r.|!y Unown to be one Krunris j brolht 

! ', , ^ :i letter, under date of 23J ult., party 

' 'lutice from me. I copv from answt 

, ■ ■ ,1,!? splenetic extract:- j does t 

.' '.;t.:j has not yet been dcQnitely 

■. ' uuimittec has been appoint- 

, : , S'liaiorial caucus, but aa yet 

, , !i to come 10 any definite con 

:; l!i , ,1 .^icc that the present printer 

otleitcd his ci iitract; that he has executed tl.( 

lerpartof his work in an execrable manner, 

but they cannot agree on the manner of eleri- 

puhli> printer. 



friends of iierce and Ki 
ever prisoned in the ch-.^ 
supposed the Baltimore 



but 



mar 



Uko 



about 



iny ; 



harmless >,:■ ( v 

and Mr. A . 

■•Whsr, v, , , 

beiCig eiii?.- i 1 m | 1, ,■. and 

B3ys w/tal/u knows tu lie J idae." He ail ; 'I 

A twood's unsrratetul course, and dni., 
took very little interest in the malt.i ,, : 
wood being- sent fjr t) come toConcni. !.:.!;.;. 
when consulted, merely a<!viscd Perkins Gilr to 
S>i after him. He said that he wrote a pa-t and 
Mr. Atwood a part of the second letter— that he 
advised Mr. Atwood to write just what his judg- 
ment and conscience approved of, !.i I'l- i:.~ 
queoccs be what they mifrht. (K: 
talking aboat conscifnre! ) He th''.) , > 

violent denunciati- n of the editor mi ,1 -i,,!,- 
Chester Dtmocral, Mr. Atwood, and lii» .,,.i,,.ii, hio 
in general, which, from his rxcile«l slate cf mind, 
was entitled to about as much consideration ae the 
frantic declarations of one in a passion; and final 
iy closed with a puthet'c appeal to our people to 
sustain the glorious Union 

This meeting, though great efTorls had keen 
made, and a large number of persons collected 
from other towns, utterly failed to acroniplish the 
object aimed at by Ihe leader of the Co . •;! I!' - 
gency. Only three or four attempts \v, ,1! 
get up an applause for the. speaker, .-u. - I. 
tempt failed of reaching any Ihinti i;: . .,,( 1 , 
a,,,,, I, i,.r 'I;,- nfod be added that t!i..,,, ,u,.k.i 
11. iM . V, . ,. r. .i • iiiffly by person^-frora Manches- 



t,n I'fess lias. He woi 

to sustain a treasonable 
ahington is, Jor the southern se- 

.■ < check on General Pierce. 
.•J- to obey the behests of half 
.1.-, and to renew the disgrac'- 

, ...jiitution and the Union (rom u b;iliii"oi - .■ . ir,,i , , ., 
;■, ja.lt merged. ; next aoio 00. ol the ii 

y';c>», il- lelt to Itself, will soon ..iipcj-sedtdi- Hu prt^c 
th-asall papers will which are 1 ,f ^e is not aiming at i 
to particular prejudices and pas- ' encounter a iiiighcy ri» 
"i,-y die Hiler ihry have glutted i ,l,„„,i,i,!rv. for lh,:s;,k, 



fearleisly ai 










M-ui'lty 

'/' have 
<t have 


--;, .^'" ■■ 




,.-., 






. in.eline 


History is 




ive 


on 


tilia aubicci; 


and in its 


liaht I bpjr 


to ask 


of 


the 


friends of P 


erce and 


kmg wha. . 


.cm;.- 


ft! 


1 < 


=<! oL-an by this violent 


philippu ,.- 


■, 1 . - i . , ; 






M, i;:2hls D, 


nocracyi- 










,! :, i.iiedefi 




urai— >lr> i 








.:' .1 l:ands 


sped the 


abaft th,.; • 










i.^l fate, 


and, at 1' 








:, ■ ■ 1 -•-> , 1 1 


" Oemo- 


craticp-i 










lo^.ullr; 


but how 1..: 


-.1,1,- 








,.o-ditbe 



3 Sou 



raiffn G 



son that 1 am amazed a 
wh'j has himself but rec 
and ought to have a ca 
".\nother plan is to i 
eit ScccBsionist ol lo' 
editor on the Wasliin 
indeed, be an invaluaM 



.1 .d lor this lea- ,,,ord ha I 
lias proposition, s-nt. i 
irncd ta the fold, i^fiich, it 
ivoid suspicion, of {Ji,,,, 



■ party I 



ad ere f re; 



iha 



the 



.e,.-il, . ii , hard for this, and went through 

hii u'oal rouiine of nnking grimaces, pointing 
with his finger, shaking his fisia, addressing flat- 
tering compliments to individuals present, together 
with occasional spells of de.-ply pious fecliii-, and. 
Btrong regard for r^lir in: "n I ':;-^ ir,;::-,;, .1 were 
prompt to reepoiifl, V,;- 'i, ; , 'i-nce 



irk he 

ent froi 



thai 



:l,b.)thl 



the !lunk- 
t an ctTort 

iiuld be i:n i- i,.i,.ii: I , ;ii an exprisiion froiri 
is meeting to the pcoiilo oi the Stale. There is 
1 doubt that resolutions were prepared and put 
the hands oi some one of the leading Hunkers 
this town, to be presented to the meeting if the 

;rstanda the tact and policy of the i,- ■ • n. 



passed Congress, 1 lie»e aoiececieiii= uo uoi 1 

ify Mr. Forsyth for the editorship of Ihe Union, j and 

aiid if the Democratic party in Congress were to j (he cry o! ■ 

aid such an arrangement, it would render itself ful, the irio 

guilty of an umidfigatcd piece of folly. who have 

"The f/n<o«, if it shall have ihe slightest inilu just." ;, i 
ence, can only be edited by a national man. The Oemui i,,i 
hostility to Major Dorielsoii arose from the fact that po,-es to 1 . 
he w^a Hue Union man; and that which is now muiiioo ., 
maiinTbto 1 in regard to Gen Armstrong proceeds jcant 01 :!. 
from the same source. U was hoped that the plat- I und a.,!- 
fiirin and the niimmaiions would heal all differ ; treme ci ,-, 
enctd, but it seeina the SouUi isdctermincd to have | ber and lli< 
every thing its own \v;iy - to rule or ruin, Qu:m 1 by the saii 
voluiU pcrdere DiicovJ'ttndwtt." iGcii. Cass' 

Mr, Grund is the genen>.lly aeciediied mouth- charital ' ' 
piece of General Cass. Whether this be the case 
or not, if ho has correctly reported General C.iss's 
course in the Senatorial caucu.? to which he rclors, 
I have a right to assume that the writer does not 



,','.', (it proscriftit/n, 
. :.,.-,' of th: dtfial 
., .,c. :- ,.■,,;'- 3 the Democratic 
Iparty of t.v .L-o-o'.. .i,..: .•, 1.,,. loll my Demo- 
jciatic friciids, when it becomes a cr me against 
Democracy to be a State Rights men— when every 
Democrat who stands upon the Jelfersonian plat- 
I form of Statu iiidependenceand sovereignty, i:i to be 
i hunted down and lied down under the mad-dog 
cry of "Disonionidt." "Secessionist." and d.-iven 
from the party— th;U south of the Potomac, the de- 
mocratic party will d-.viiclle ;i.;o a cor. ,i.„r..,n.„ard. 
I The Democratic pa: ,,- ,t:l ' ■' •:■ ■ r.,'/(«s — 
it was opposed to 'li "•'=" 



ugh 



by 



that it wa 






should go forth from this meeting ajr.ii . , • ,-, 1 
and unmistakable tones in favor of hiuiieil and h 
parly, and in opposition to Mr. Atwood; and ye 
in view of all inese fads, hie friends dared 11. 
hazard an expression o! opinion, Uai the ciiizci 
of New Uoston should (as they 



>spe 



x Oeaiocratic 
i of trdSiscon- 
limoue choice 



have in 
voting. 



crB'Mie.xclj 



The whole gist 1 
Notwithstanding 
US to the cooira 



Vv'lii|jf Ratification Meeting.^ have lately hceii 
held ill New Orleans, Natpiie'z, Metiiiiliis, 
Raluigli, Warrenton, JVBwbern, Eiienton, and 
oth(;r cities end towns in the, South, all at- 
lentleti with much enthusiasm, some account of 
which we shall shortly inaite room for. 



1 seats m the ci i:\ 
■ appointed Ucm, 

jlrue^'oVfaUc? ' ' 
Democracy 1 p: 
I honest agreeiue, 

up Ui . - 
j party, however diife 



iclcgai; 
Icjlof 



IfJ: 



party, however differing on former questions, in a j Washington Vnim with a view 
hearty support Ol the truly republican ticket^bf Uectioaal tone, Mr. boule sod 



Til 



SIGN A 



wilh him do not wish to " rule" niucn less to 
" ruin." Tluy enrnrslly desire the Buccesii of 
the Pierci' ticket, se they should, for they arc the 
xsntho>-5 i>f it; nnd all they ask ia a voioe in the 
paper that i» to he made the orgar; Orel they ask 
this, if for no. other reason, to ttst the sincerity of 
that truce aiid treaty « hich was made at Haiti 
more, and is now so riiihlefsly assailed by General 
Cass in a cau-us of fricmie. This reasonable de 
tnand thpy will have, or have an or^an of their 
o*n. The rharjrc against Mr. Soi.il« and hie 
Mends ifi only true agraitist those who counte- 
nance ths course of Ge:ncral Ciies. It is they 'iho 
are playiii'r the (fame of "rule or ruin." It re- 
maiiis to he seen whether tlje Deuiocritic party 
will aeain submit to have the party torn by these 
difentuiiibed disssnsiGns, for the purpose of grati- 
fying the vengeance of certain disappointed gen 

As" for us— and I speak for Southern Rights De- 
mocrats— we SHAt-L NOT BE EASILY DRIVEN FEOM 
THESDPPOBT OF THE TICKET Or. OUR CREATION * ND 

CHOICE. Nothing ran drive U8 oflT short of ihe 
discovery that the insane policy of General Caas is 
lo be triumphant in its councils, and that Frank 
lin Pierce is that sort of a "Union man" that bases 
the hopfs of the perpetuity of the Union upon thi: 
1 uins of the rights, independence, and sovereignty 
of the States. We happen to know thai General 
Pierce tii.ei not belong to this cl.^s3 <'i i '■'■ • ■ 

my miiid that, had he been a South' rn n; 
v.'ould not; by the eelf same act, have de, . : 
causeof his country and the principles lit i 

moeratic Ssatc Rights creed. iVo; the H '■ ■ 

parly musi go on to conquer, malgre the ;;;i ■< ' i 
llie "0111 Fog-.as.'' wlu> h:ive been ,r 



there is no difTerencc between true I)cinocrats, 
whether they dwell in the granite hills ot New 
Hampshire or under the fervid son of the South. 
To all surh General Pierce is acceptable, and all 
such will unite in an honest nnd patriotic eifort to 
keep the sfmy, navy, the treasury, and the moral 
and political power of the Government of this great 
country out of the hands of an administration the 
"creulion and cAoicc" of Wm. H. Seward For 
myself, come what may, nothing, if my life is 
spared, will withhold my vote and aid to elect the 
Democratic ticket, ex.cept the discovery that Gen. 
Pierce is not the sound Democrat and true patriot 
I now sincerely believe him to bo. 

The Republic need not lay the ilaltering unction 
to its soul, that because I repel the assaults of hire- 
ling scribblers upon my friends and myself, the 
.Seward ticket for the Presidency will derive the 
least benefit from it. Democrats may oi.agree 
among them.*elvcs on various points, but we are all 
of one mind on one point; and that is, that the 
Seward and gcott ticket must be beaten. Patriot- 
ism and the pub!ie s;ifety demand it. 

John Forsyth. 



I Lets 



• from Hou. Geo. C. Wusliiiigtoii 

Fiom the Nalioiuit Iidelligencir. 



»1 .Scott lu 

ollowitig CO 



\V.> liiKl lh« lollowitigcoiimuiiuoiition in the 
Savannah licj'nUkun ul' the lUth instant, thp. 
editor of which journal, however, it is but just 
to say, does not cojicur in the observations of 
the writer.' Tl'e wimmunicaliiin oannut be 
without ('fleet in thfi conventions shortly to be 
held in the Stair- of Georgia : 

ISlfsBHS. KoiTOKs: Will you pennii me to notice 
very brieliy the piece in your paper of Thursday 
morning headed •• .Important Card from JMessrs. 
Toomb?, Stephens, antf ollicrs.'" Th;a card pro- 
fesses to give the reasons why the Buhscribers "can- 
not and will not support General Hcottfor the Pre- 
sidency." 

i. "Gen. Scott up to the tiincof hisnoinmation 
refused to give any puTjlic opinion in laV.T of the 
Compromise." In other words, he refused to "trite 
any letter, tboirgh urged to do so. This, 1 pre- 
sume, is the refusal to give any public opinion re- 
ferred tci. Now, although General Scott may have 
erred in this matter, yet it is really no ol.jection to 
hioi, unless he refused for the purpose of coficfaiiMg 
his position on this subject. That it was not his ob- 
ject to cot.ceal any thing, appears from the fact 
ihat he haj given the reason that governcif bis con- 
duct . Tiirtt reason, whatever else we may tbink o? 
it..- -1 rri'-onthat must command the respect of ail 
rged upon this subject, l.e 



he' 



rite I 



■do£ 



[ikc seeki7ig Ike nomination.' 
ecr for the candidacy. This 
of the mailer; and even upoi 
le erred, it is a view that cioc 
■al Scott. On the cont 



y.it 







Ame,ica." .\ . : : .. 


■ , . ., ,-. t ..uvention has pr 


palhies draw; . . - 








Irccdom, and ol .1 Umun (oo.iided on th-j c•..I^;t..o• 


Thtsc noiiunatiiins n.ciivad my cordial as 


tional princiolcs ot justice and equality. iVo other 




Union can last; and the politician bears a false 


I have been on termsoi friendly intercou 


naino who calls himself a "Union man" on any 


(.Jen ral -c. t lor Iw-i r.ty years, nnd esteem 


other principles. lie is a Federalist in riisguiic. 
JOHN FOR-SVTn. 







specche 
bis moi 
wilh 1 



bitter oppo 



mise. The whole testiin- 
ciscly the other way. II 
subject, though not put i 
that he "uas an ardent s 
Compromise measures, 
::rst presented to Congi 



am yet to learn that 
1 i.r can ch.-.rge him 
endly to the Compro 

■n declaration on this 
! shi-.pc of a letter, -is, 
liter and friend of the 
1 the ilay tiiey were 
by He 



From the IVashington Union of July U 
The Nomination of General Pierce. - 
publish with pleasure the i.. 



letter, in reply 
he Uepulihc, from Mr Fortyth. of the Coium 
i{Ga.) Trme» Our ueighl ors of the KejniU- 



a riled 



vill do 



expressions of Mr. K , , 

tijc matter right in their coliiiiins by copying IV'ir. 

Forsyth's ielier: 

To Vie Editor of the Union: 

Yuur vivacious neighbor of the Kipublic has dis 
covered a veritaMe mare's nest iu a paragraph 
i(^r.i my pen, which was, and was mtended to be, 
no more tiian a strong expression of the entire eat- 
islacticn of the Soothe rn Dcmecracy with the nom 
ination of General Pierce. I presume it wi;l not 
be denie'd as ;i historical fact, that after the friends 
of the promiio-.i! rn- 'i.o.i- r- h id i -nod it v-:o= not 



[ he was opposed to touching Ihim in. 

, uliace, or form." This surely is not 

on of a man who wished lo conceal h 

the sul ject of the Compromise. 

. "Nor has he, since his nomination, 

lara;i-,:i> of his 07>/!roca; of those 

a adjustment ot the issues in cuntr 

■card admits that the re=olution3 of 

I'.eral Scott, in his letter of acccplam 

1,°." In mvo°wniudgm»nt, he could n 



any n 
the dc 






gentlemen, i 














nominal 
















happily 


n i: 






;. ii III 






.11 




h" 






.-3. the. 




, JOS 




by ih:' R 


net 


acts ol 




when I 


dec 


ared 


that 






ul the < 


unvcuti 


■n was 


the 


'crcaliot 


and choi 




.f IheS 


lUIhern 


Democrats. 


But 




a; a loss 


\:R 




ly wbal 


rul.iB 


log 




phi 


lulogy U 


■mhlic c 




in thei 




,.-c •* 


'.r"^ 



GliOItGK t 
County, iMo 



and being fully 
rime ihe noir.i- 



W.-iSHlNGTON. 
, July 13, lSo-2. 



1 laboring ai, ihat llu neminalion vj.is V.ei-efo 
isulisfactory to any other section of the ri 

p.iriy Virginia br..u-h! Gen. Pierce foi 
id (he dcicgaies from every oilier Slate ii, 
fcly embraced him as the man lor tie i i 
is was theprelodetuasceneolenthusiii^iii 



A Recent Case iji Point, 

In reference to the loss ot" ihe steamer Cas- 
pian, wh ch has just been announced in the 
newspapers, the Clevelaml Herald iaa!;e,-> ihf 
fullowing pertinent and imi^i;.: .liioi m ..-n: 

••HARBOa AND KlVKR I i : ' 

dagueireoljpe, a ' < i ' " 



strongn- expression of approval than ho has done. 
By appcniiing the resolutions to hii letter, he 
muk. J ti.em .1 pit.-l if his Mler. In doing this be 
A^ipi^ till ver-, i vnguage ol the resolutiors as his 
ow,i ('. - : ■ 1- ; ■ itiving expression to his senti- 
i,j, ,, ii a forced conairuction — it is the 

„,(,,. ;, one. General Scott annexes 

(lie 1. . i,,i .. 1 1 Ills letter, and then proceeds: 
"Tlic p liiiu ul itiinciples and measures laid down 
in tinse lesoluiions are so broad, that but liitle is 
left for me to udd." What else he says then is in 
addition to what he has already said in t!ie resolu- 
tions, lie does not say I approve the resoluti ns; 
but he dors more— he adopis the terms and lan- 
guage of the resolutions as his own language ,'br 
the expression of his sentiments. Having said all 
itii.t ii .- 1! i in ih". rcsiiluiioii.--., he proceeds to say 
., .-.(.ii. i ii.j card admits that the 
, ., .. 71^ t' clear and ed'p:icit — 



lashed 






, Soott, thi 



ly the private enterprise 
's of hundreds of passen 
'craft, be voiced by the 



er Caspian— 
,ick of harbor 
he West, say 
iect of appro- 



DeinoGiat from the Federal Whi^j. In this respect 1 



itself for hi 


n o> do 


sorely it i 
y the ide-i 


princi- 


history of 
)f' t!ie Com 


pal he 
jromise 



THE SIGNAL. 



whilst that measure was pending before Congress? 
If he did not, ihcn has General Scott and some of 
his frli-ndi stated that which is wilfully untrue. It 
it not true tijat, nftcr the passage of the Compro- 
mise, Oen^ral Scott attended a meeting of its 
friends at Castle Garden? Did he not make a 
speech on that occasion? And is not this an inci- 
<lent in his life in favor of the principles of the Cum- 
promise? 

But as I understand General Scott's letter, this 
was not his allusion. He gives in his adherence to 
the principles of the Whig party as txpresscd in the 
resolutions of the convention, and for his sincerity, 
he appeals to the known incidents of his lou? life. 
Now, is there an incident in that long life going to 
show (that General Scott is capable of professiii; 
that which he does not mean? Whom has he ever 
deceived? When did he ever avou) principles in 
which he did not believe? When did he <.vi:r make 
a promise which he did not mean strictly to lullil? 

4. "Since the passage of the Compromise, he 
has eufTered his name to be held up before tne peo- 
ple of several of the States, as a candidate for the 
Presidency, by the open and avowed enemies of 
those measures." Genera! Srott has been the fa- 
vorite candidate ot not a few in the Whig ia.ny for 
manyycars. Hehas been voted for again and again; 
but he has always acted upon the principle, that 
whilst he would not seek, neither wouid he decline 
the olfice. This is the first time that i have ever 
seen the idea advanced Ibnt a man is bound to de- 
cline if certain persona favor his election. Up- 
on this prinripic, a Whig runr.in.T for any oliico 



sixty-six wh J voted against the platform were .-^ 1 
anti Compromise men. But this,! am pereuad. J : 
not true; some of them voted against tfie platlon:, 
because they were opposed to the adoption ot any 
platform, and not because they were opposed to 
the platform. It is a mistake to suppose that (h.^ 
sixty-six were all anti-Compromise men. Rut 
.suppose they were, stiil the vtajorily of those v%ho 
supported General Sco!t in the convention were 
Compromise men. • How then does it appear that 
he perniittrd^the Freesoilers, anymore than he per- 
mitted -.he C •mf.ri.iiiisc i!)in, tu use him to delVat 
Mr. P"ilhiu>[. . ■. I .i-. V, l,j;e.? What right has 
General^'. '^ ',. ' '.laii, You must not an<l 

shall not •■' .1 ii curtain men will 

'vote for hiir, :i f- ^louu bound todeclint? 
Suppose Gtru-'i.* ::l ,!■- la 1 out been before die con- 
vention, and those fcixly-six voles had been caster 
Mr. l^Uliuore, would that be an objection to ". 
Filliiun? I prcaume not. If not an objection to 
Mr. Fillmort, why to Ger.eral Scott? 

5. "We consider General Scott as the favorite 
candidate of the Freesoil wingof the Whij parly." 
Would it not be about as reasonable to consider 



To the ^V'Uig* of Georgia. 

From the Allanla (Gio.) llepuUican. , 

Brothbrs: The time has noiu como when it be- 
hooves the WhigsofGeorgia— every man ofthrm — 
to be at their posts. Under the lamented Harrison, 
you rescued your country, for a time, fiom corrup 
tion and peculation. Then you were betrayed and 
abandoned. In 1844, under the immortal Clay — 
the father of jour party, whose name is synony- 
mous with all that is noble and gallant and gener- 
ous in human nature— you marched to battle with 
an eye single to your country's glory; but the re- 1 
suit is recorded in the dissensions and distractions 
and commotions which htive wrung the heart of the 
patriot— section arrayed againi ' ' 

against brolher. la 1-ilS, ' 

high.-I _!;: : ., •;:- fiol 

brcaiii ■ I M: ; "itionous atmosphere of par- 

tisiin ; . ' i :.:..'■ -H to your country, you made 
atriMii, :::li Ii.,;. !■ r that country's happiness 

pletc your triumph. One successful effort'more se- 
cures a Whigadministration, which willenable our 
Union to bear up under years of Loeofoco misrule 
and corruption. Shall we not make that eUort ? 
We call upon all true Whig.', upon all admirers of 
patriotic virtue, to unite wiih uain the present cam- 
paign. The contest will affect the country, lor the 
liett'cr or worse, for many jcars to come Defeated, 
and we again give the reins to the wildest Democ- 
racy — to a repetition of the '*Polk drama,'' which, 
I in its results, shook the nation to its foundations, 
and perhaps to a career which will end in the ruin 
of the Republic, it is .t .•.,nt,<.' ot nniional weal 
I against national ruin, li i . i ■ Ac v/i/i and his 
1 followers struck hands J. i ,. ,•. .'cy to ob- 
|iiterale the lessons of ti!. ":■ , i ■' Cuntry," 

.Mill ;., !i. i.iis? Let us tlirn bury pust dissen- 

::i rcnces; let us forget fersoual prefer- 

1 :i.i> to the teachings of Henry Clay— 

uiui <t ^l.iiuer, and wdioee spirit still hover ■ .v;r 
I U3 and a.rouiid us— let us march in solid i :. 
I with "stout hearts and strong arms," to I ii' i i 

r country in this her hour of peril and ■ 
d, under the bui.mr of the heru ol Cliippi •, .i .n.l 



ury ■ 



use. In- 



To the American people let us appeal to vindi- 
cate us from the/oiil and irtfumous slander, r/pvated 
Ijy the Democrijljc Conveniion, of iifoscn to our 
country. Aye, let ws rescue from reproach and 



Wilis 



I'b-oile 



andi 



Den 



ciatic principles; but the j;Tc.it 'ooc.y oi Freesoilers, 
I ap;>rthcnd, Wil be apt to suppurt irmir otu.i iMel 
No Democrat will or ought to refuse to suppoiTlhc 
Democratic ticket because some Frieei>i:ers vote 
fiirit. No Whig ought— I wish I could say no 
Whig Vv-ill— refuse to support the Wh g ticket 
because Eome Freesoilers vote for it. 'I'he idea 
thit GenerafScott will shape hio administration 
to suit the views of Frecsoiler.'=, i"! a mere opin- 
ion of the gentlerv.en dzning thi.3 c;.rd. They 
are, I think, but a email portion of the Southern 
Whig Keprescntativcsin Congress. Arelhe rcstol 
a dilf;ifi,topininr.? Ifthov ar", I wouid rufr^est 



issuing edicts from the cilyo! W.-..=tdn.T_tcn, Demu- j 
cratidc the Whig party ol G'*oig;a We are glad | 
to follow their lead so |..!,gDs they lei.l h. tli- su;.- 
port of Whig principles, but nu ljn!|f.;. lU:p.\. 
their authority — at least the nu'.ltoiily i;t 
Toimbs — is no longer Whig unihuniii F^oi-i ;. 
account of his late epeech, Itliink we may tii!.. , 
for granted that he has given in [ji- a-aierence to :! , 
Democratic party. Will the Whigs of Gro.-gii 
sh:ipe their course to suit EUggi.s'.ii.n;; from su; li a 
ijuarcer? Mr. Toombs, I take it, is no looser enli- 
t ed to obtru'lc bis advirc upon the Whi^' putty. 
It he has advice to give, let hiin give it lo his own 
party. W. B. F. I 



Ob 


onuy the fair fame c 


f a Hardin, 


a Webster, and 


a Ciay, who puurtd ou 


t their blood 


upon the lielda 


of 


Mexico ! 








n order, therefore 


that there 


r.ay be a tho- 


ro 


jgh reunion of the 


brotherhood 


and a ncrfct 




UcrslandinET. we m 


stWspectfullv and earncst- 


ly 


invite the VVhigs of 


the Stale to 


elect delegates 


in 


their respective cou 


ities to a St 


itc Convention, 


to 


be held in the city o 


i1/uco» on 


IVeilnesdtt'j, tin 


fi'j, 


/ij<«ii(/i day of jlvgv 


St next, for 


the purpose of 


■•a 


ifying the nominati 


ins ot tlic 


Whig National 


Co 


nventton to nomin 




ii.-.l ticket, and 


to 


organiie the party 1 


.r ti.e CnUiyi 


i_u. 




Wiiigs of Georgia ! 


ivcrv t:-.ic;.. 




ty 


incn been accustom 


d tochLf;rr 






itfsi. Let us remei 


Iter the a- 




ol 


4t), the Hesby Clay of '-S-t, ■. . 




an 


d resolve to consecrate to a tt. 


1 i!iore gr;;lelul 


'" 


mory the struggle of 'o2 I Let 
. =...,:,u,M „r.i.v,.«H «r„A,„,i. .,., 


us rear on high 

r,itT ."<...< ti/i.," 



Tlie First Grand Rally at Viclisbnrg. 

The ratification meeting of Whigs « hirh a?se 
i.^^ippi, 
been f 
that city. Thomas A. Mabbhai. 
ckoaen President ; and the meeting was further 
organized by appointing fourteen vice presidents 
and three secretaries. 

The Vicksburg Whig says : 

"The notice given was not sutlicient for the 
time of meeting to be generally know-n through 
out the county, but notwithstanding we were 
pleased to pec a representation from various quar 
ters, and all joined in manifesting the highest 
satisfaction with the result of the convention and 
the candidates presented." 

Mr. Marshall ittated the objects of the meetin? 
in a brief address, showing the causes whic 
should move the entire Whig vote in favor 'o 
Scott and Graham. 

After the conclusion of Mr. Marshall's short b-jt 
eloquent address, Hon. William A. Lake was 
called to the stand, who introduced the following 
resolution; 

'•Resolved, That thi^ mreting do ratify and con- 
firm the nomination of General Winficld Scott as 
the Whig candidate for President, snd William 
A. Graham, of North C.irolina, as the Whig can- 
didate for Vice President, and do jdedge to them 
a cordial and hearty support." 

The Whig further remarks that the speech ol 
Mr. Lake in 'support of his resolution was able, 
comprehensive, and courteous: 

"He alluded in the most eu, -i,.ncd 

tnanncr to the gloom wlii^lj i mtry 

at tlie period when admiie -' ^ ■ Ived 

upon Mr. Fillmore— to hifl pe- 

riod of exciicment — to bis ■ . . Ii(» 

to the Soulii in time of y, ■ j-ral 

course of his admiuistrati.., i his 



Fillmore liad sanctioned. Of Wr 
spoke in terms of just and glowing < 
viewed his public career and lii.: ;,u.i 
that the office of Presidoni 
link his nai.ne and fame w; 
vices, the character, the h: i 
thecb.im>of Gen. WiMi 



appears upon tne stand." 

W. C. Smedes, esq., and Mr J. S. Byrne, also 
addressed the meeting, at a late hour of the night, 
in glowing and eloquent tertris. During the ad- 



ndard of "&'co«, Grabc 
and bear it alolt in triumph ! Then "Awake ! 
.•Vrise! Shake off the dew-drops that glitter on your 
g-arments, and inarch forth lo battle and to victory ! ' ' 
. Abda .lohnson, Cassville; Jason Uurr, cf GriiSn; 
R P,. Mills, of Marietta; i!os:-e;i Reneau, Wm. 11. 
v.<:'=,■•^.i• R. H-.nleiter,.I. T. Donne, O. V7. Cox, 
I • , , -, .J. R. IJort,M. It. M. Clarke, H. 

. ,.>^Wm. U. Ch,.pman.R. A. Wiiliam- 
., r. 1 . ,..;,, by, A. P. Prince, J. Norcross, E 
■..V :e,:i,i...l.'ih;j3 N. Cox, J. F. Alexander, T. 



S- J Sb! 



W. H. 



A. C. Pullii 



rge of 



Cook, Oglethorpe. 



THE S I G N A 1^ 



in attendance upon the meeting' goea far to | 
tnat heai (a unbiaoeed of poliiical rancor, or 
in malignity, ore always ready to iionor the 
t hero who has grown gray in the eervice of 
untry." 



Geiiei-al Soott nnd the Natnralized Clilxsus. 

Many artifices are resorted to with a vihw ot'^ 
making it appear that General Scott is iniini- . 
cal to our t'ureign-born citizens. For the pur- j 
pose of sliowinw how groundless is any accusa- 
tion or opinion of that kind, we ask attention to 
the period when General Scott returned to i 
this country, after his brilliant services in j 
JVIexico. On his arrival at the city of New 
York, he was greeted by the acclamations of 
many thousands in the Kmpire City, and was j 
officially addressed in terms of warm compli- 
ment and welcome by Morris Franklin, esq., | 
the President of the Board of Aldermen, to 
whom the Genera! made the following reply: | 

Mr. PnF.3iDKNT, Gentlemen of thb Commos : 
CouhXiL OF New Yobk, anu FfiLLOW-CiTizENa I 
ge."JSrally: Designing- to spend quietly a few i 
days in tliia neighborhood, I have, on your kind 
demand, come forth from retirement, to sur- 1 
render myself a prisoner into the hand3 of my | 
friends. The grand city of New York, already 
the emporium of our hemisphere, and destined to 
become the emporium of both, having determin- 
ed, through he- authorities, to do honor to a pub- 
lie servant of our country — true to her own great- 
ness, witliout measuring his little merit, performs 
that generous ofiioeiu a manner worthy of herself 
and of the Uniied States. • 

If I had looked to considerations merely p.-r.=on- 
al, I should have declined the high distinction ten- 
dered me; but I knew 1 was to be received by you 
as the representative of that victorious army it was 
BO lately my good fortune to commaad— an army 
that has carried the glory of American arms to a 
height that has won universal admiration, and the 
gratitude of all hearts at home. 

A very large portion of llie rank and file n! that 
arniy, regulars and volunteers, went lorlh from 
the city of New York, to conquer or to die. It was 
my happy lot to witness their invincible valor and 
prowess. All dangers, difficulties, and bardchips, 
were met and conquered. 

• You have been pleased, sir, to allude to our 
adopted citizens. I can say that the Irish, the Ger- 
mans, the Swiss, the French, the Briions, and 
other adopted citizens, fought in the same ranks, 
under the same colors, side by side with native- | 
born Americans — exhibiting like courage and etii- 
cicncy, and uniting at every victory in the same 
entbusiislic shouts in honor ol our Hag and country. 
From Vera Cruz to thr. capital of Mexico, i;i-. 
was one generous rivalry in heroic dariii;: i 
brilliant achievement. Let thuse who v.ii:.. 
that career of valor and patriotism say, ii il- . 
can, what race, according to nUMibers, conti iuvjic*.! 
most lo the general success and glory of the cam- 
paign. On the many hard-fioght batiie lields there 
was no room for invidious distinction — all proved 
themselves the faithiul sons of our beloved country; 
and no spectator could fail to dismiss any lingering 
prejudice he might have entertained as 10 the com- 
parative merits of Americans by birth and Amcri 
cans by adoption. As the honored representative 
of all, I return among you, to bear testimony in 
favor of my fellow-soldiers in the field— the army 
of IMexico; and I congratulate you and them that 
the common object ot their efforts, and of your 
hopes, the restoration of peace, is in all probability 

Shortly afl?r, when the General was in this 
city, the following correspondence took place, 
which shows very conclu.sively what are his 
opinions on this subject : 

Washington, May S, 1848. ' 

My Deak Gen'ebal: Your distinguishtd s!-rvi- 
ces in two wars, and your no less distinguished 
services during the long intervening period of pros- 
perous peace, have deservedly won for y u the 
love and admiration of your countrymen. A large 
portion of yi'Ur fellow-c-.fizens, who yioM to none 
m their admiraiion of your bravery and humanity 
in war, as well as of your patriotism and prudence 
In peace, have becnjilld that you favor the priiu i 
pies of ihe so-cnlledWtative" party. From an ex- 
tensive correspondence and acquaintance with cit- 
izens of this class, I learn Ihat many feel gri. ved 
that such principles should be attributed to you. 

Did they know you, as I do, they would see that 
great injustice is done you. I know your kind and 



liberal views toward . the naturalized citizens. 
^remcnibor the grateful emotions of my .hear! 
when 1 first read the account of your rescuing from 
Kruish pow. raiiJ British prisons twenty two of my 
.;ovn I ' i'l .liv '( prisonersof war while fighting 
u^ ■- ..r. llsg. You, sir, was the first 

(.• ,' i lolain the perfect equality of 

:>,j.., .. , ,i. , ;- ,. 1 itizeuj. In your recent cam- 
paign lo jk.M^i. i hope you have found additional 
motives lor recognising that equality, and that all 
the adopted ciiizens vied with each other in brav- 
ing danger wherever you commanded. 

Not for myself, therefore, but for the satisfaction 
of others, do I respectfully ask you lo say whether, 
after witnessing such fidelity to the flag of their 
adopted country by soldiers of foreign birth, you 
are for adding new restrictions to the present sys- 
tem of naturalization; or whether you are in favor 
of having the privileges now enjoyed under the 
Constitution and laws ot the country, fairly ex- 
pounded and faiih/ully executed, secured to such 
persons of foreign birth as may wish to become 
ciiizens of the United States.' 

I have the honor to be, sincerely, yours, 

VV. E. ROBINSON. 

Major General VVinfield Scott. 

REPLY. 
W 

De.'(r Sia: In reply 
8th instant, I take pleasure in saving that, grateful 
for the too partial estimate you place on iny public 
services, you dome no more than justice in assum- 
ing that 1 eatertain "kind and liberal views to- 
wards our naturalized citizens." V't'-t';- ii 
would be impossible for me to recomiiv i ' 
port any mtaeure intended to exclu-l i: . . . . ... 

ajust and full participation in all ci'.ii ■ i ; 

cal ritihls now secured to them by oui nj.Jii n 

laws and institutions. 

It is true that, in a sea.-'on of unusual excitement 
some years ago, when both parties complained of 
fraudulent practices in the naturalization of for- 
eigners, and when there seemed to be danger that 
native and adopted citizens would be permanently 
arrayed against each other in hostile factions, I 
was inclined to concur in the opinion, then avowed 
by many leading statesmen, that some modifiea 
tion of the naturalization laws might be necessary 
in order to prevent abases, allay strile, and restoic 
harmony Detween the different classes of our peo 
pie. Hot later experience and reflection have en 
lirely removed this impression, and dissipated my 



:uE 



WHIG CANDIDATE FOR THE 
VICE-PRESIDENCY. 

The following, which we take from the Philadel- 
phia North American, was written by a genlleman 
now in the House of Representative!, who was 
Mr. Graham's classmate in college, and formerly 
served with him m the State Lcgislulure. It may 
be relied upon its perfectly nulhenlic, and both in 
style and sentiment is a worthy tribute to one of the 
worthiest Whigs in the Union.— JV. Y. Courier. 

The Secretary of the Navy and the nnmiiiee of 
the Whig party for the Vice Presidency, is u native 
of Lincoln county in North Carolina, and was born 
in the year 1804. Hia father, the late General 
Joseph Urnham, was born in the county of Chester, 
in the State of Pennsylvania, in the year n.5U, of 
parents who had emigrated from the North of ire- 
land, though of Scottisli origin ; thence, by the re- 
moval of a widowed mother, lie was transferred in 
early childhood to the vicinity of Cliarlotte, in the 
county of Mecklenburg, North Carolina. Here 
he grow to man's estate, and received such educa- 
tion as the country could then afford, atan academy 
in Charlotte, called (lueen's College. He was there 
the associate of Jackson, Adair, and many others, 
who subsequently became distinguished in the his- 
tory of the country. 

When a youth about fifteen years of age, he 
was present at the famous '-Declaralion of Indepen- 
dence," on the 20th of May, 1775, by the people 
of Mecklenburg; and late in life furnished his tes- 
i!i, ill, ly in relation to that eveist, when its authen- 
i iiy was called in question; and this certificate 
V. ii| he found appended to the published accounts 
remarkable occurrence, so honorable to the 



"^n 



W. 



honsions. 



. campaign in Mexico, i 



. ■.■:■ " ,'..... -J. ism, 

-;:;;. i ■■■•as hsppy to call 

.la I shall always be to 
■. it home. 
■n grsat esteem, vnura, 

WINFIELO SCO'lT. 



K.-RoniNSON, Esq 



From the Memphis {'Venn.) Eagle. 
Gcitt-val Pierce and "WestcvM Interests. 

We bespeak the attention of both Whigs and 
Democrat.-! loan article in to-day's paper, taken 
from the Washington Jiiptibiic, showing General 
Pierce's opinions and position on the subject of the 



ch objr 



improvement! 
that Gene-al f 
muted to an ui 
propriations fo 

on the subject, we do not < 
integrity of these convict 
found an insuperable obje 
President by those who bi 
and the duty of the Uover 
to the improvement of th( 
highways of our domestic 
impeacu Gei 



hly and 



■ icully ( 



hin 
Southv 



elf again: 



iinent to extend its aid 
36 **inland seas" — these 
uestic commerce. Wc do not 
lerce's motives in thus setting 
interests of the West and the 
bmit to Whigs and Democrats 
e West and Southwest, whether the 
h General Fierce is conscientiously 



poliei 

wedded is such an one as b 

just rights aiid Ih -ir importai 



I Under the Uile of The Signal there is issued from 
the otEce of t'.e Republic, m this i iiy, a weekly 
Whig campaign paper, which ought to have a 
wide circulaiion. It is publislied m quarto form, 

I and is furnished to subscribers for filly cents for the 

I campaign.— iVadonai JnMli^encer. 



patriotism and valor of the people of that county. 
With two elder brothers, he entered the revolution- 
ary army at an early age, and served several cam- 
paigns in the Carolinas and Georgia, in which he 
rose to the rank of a major of cavalry. In a sharp 
action on the occasion, of the entrance of the Uri 
ti»h army under Lord Cornwallis into Charlotte, 
in September, 1780, Major Graham, commanding 
a corps of ca^'«lry under Col. Davis was cut down, 
wounded, and left for dead, a short distance from 
that village. Recovering from his wounds, he par- 
licipated actively in the campaign of 1781, and con- 
tinued in the service until the end of the war. 

After Its close he filled many important public 
trusts, and was for many years a member of the 
State legislature, and of both of the conventions 
which deliberated in the adoption of the Federal 
Constitution by North Carolina. In the war of 
18iy, holding the appointment of brigadier gen- 
eral of railiua, he volunteered hia services, and 
commanded a brigade called out from North and 
.South Carolina against the Creek Indiana, and 
joined the army ot General Jackson, soon after the 
battle of I ne Horse Shoe, in time to roceive the 
subniissi ,n of Ihat powerful tribe. He dieJ, in 
18;i6,ii: ilie f.dvaiicfd age of seventy-seven years, 
! beloved, honorctl, and respected by the people of 
I the good old Whig State of North (Jarolina. 

William Alexander Graham, his young«st son, 
was educated in his native state. After the usual 
course of preparalory instructions, he entered the 
University of North Carolina, anil was graduated 
with the highest distinctien in a class of unusual 
merit. His professional studies in preparation for 
the bar were pursued in the office of the Hon 
Thunin.s Ri.illn, the present Chief Justice of the 
'-■■^i'n iir ■:'.>:ii : .r il,,., 11.', .-iiid one of the ablest 

.. ■. .t ''':,,■ • ^, . :i;ienced the practice 
"' ' !'■■•■' ■ ■ '■ . !" ' ■ ' il, and fixing his res- 

iM-'iir-' ..t IJ 1 ..,'; ,., .1 Ii. II, ( iMpne couoty, soon at- 
tained the hii;lie;ii disliiiciioii in his profession, and 
w<is eminently successful as an advocate. Mr. 
Graham always had a right appreciation of the 
character of his profession and its noble aims. 
Pure m heart himself, benevolent in disposition, 
and generous in all hia impulses, he early became 
the friend of the poor and unfortunate. 

The oppressor and wrong doer found no advocate 
in him ; but he was always ready to give his aid lo 
the v/idow and orphan, without fee or reward, and 
his happiest elforts in his profession was made in 
their cause. In him are happily blended the graces 
of the Christian gentleman and the virtues of the 
pure and upright man. All who know him love 
him for these quahties of the heart which eminent- 
ly distinguish him, and which obviously manifest 
themselves, even upon « slight acquaintanu?. Aq- 



46 



THE SIGNAL 



cnstomed from earliest recollection to look upon 
the wounds of his father's face received in Iho bat- 
tles of independence, and lo listen nt t)ie fireside 
to the legends of the Revolution, he had more than 
ordinary incentives to take fjart in public alfairs. 
He was elected a member of the lower branch of 
the legislature of the Slate of North Carolina in 
1833, and was continued, by successive elections, 
down to 1840. 

At the session of 1838 he was chosen the Speak- 
er of the lower House, the duties of which office he 
discliarged with great ability and impartiality; in 
which station he remained until 1840, when he was 
promoted to the Senate of the United States. Dur- 
ing the seven years he was a member of the legis- 
lature of Nortli Carolina he acted a conspicuous 
part. The consideration of questions of currency 
and finance, arising out ot the expiration of .the 
charters of the first banks of the Stale ; the adop- 
tion of a system of internal improvements adequate 
to its wants and exigencies; the calling of a conven- 
tion to revise the Const^itution, with a view, princi- 
pally, to equalize representation; a revision of the 
whole body of the local statute laws; the establish- 
ment of a system of common schools, wiili many 
other subjects of great importance, came under the 
consideration of the general assembly of the State 
during this period. 

On all these subjects he was regarded by ail par- 
tics as one of the ablest and most influential mem- 
bers, and rendered essential service, as is now be- 
i^ig both seen and fell, in the improvements of the 
Slate, and the adoption of the policy which he en- 
forced and advocated with so much ability and en- 
larged patriotism. A decided Whig in political 
opinion, he deprecated tlie too fieqiieiU introduc- 
tion of Federal poluir- ]!• I I.: li .:i i.iture, to the 
neglect of its appropn J : i: "ihcsession 

of 18.34, when resi.lii'i . i ;. .!,iccd to in- 
struct IMr. Mangum lo vn;,; i ,i , ■ ,i:i,i-iiig the jour- 
nal of the Senate, IWr. Graham gic-uliMtisTinguished 
himself by a speech in opposition to thcin, winch 
was much admired atid commended for ihc eminent 
ability and soundness of its views, and the great 
constitutional learning which it evincfd. 

Taking hi.sseatin the Senate of tlie United States 
in December, 1840, the youngest mcm'.ier of that 
body, in which were Clay, VVebtncr, Calhoun, 
Wright, and others, iMr. Graham deferred to the 
superior age of hi.s associates, and participated but 
little in its general discussions. We find, however, 
in the reports of that day, a speech by liim on the 
financial policy of the adminislration'of Mr. Van 
Cnren, and another in favor of a bi;l directing the 
several States to be divided into disiricis for the 
eleciion of members of the House ol Representa- 
tives— both of which are higlilycredU-ible and able 
exiiibilioiis of ParhanienUry redsoning, unci replete 
with sound con.servative Whig sentimen'. Having 
' experience as a presiding officer, In filled the 



months thereafter, offered by President Taylor ili ■ 
mission to Spain, which, foi* reasons of n domcsi; 
and personal nature, he promptly declined. After 
the death of General Taylor he was appointed by 
President Fillmore, who was a member of the 
Hou.'e of Representatives during Mr. Graham's 
service in the Senate, the head of the Navy Deuart- 
menl; a station which he has occupied for two years 
with great usefulness and eminent ability and ad- 
vantage to the country, and much honor and credit 
to himself 

At the laleNntional Whig Convention, which as- 
sembled at Baltimore on the 16th inst., Mr. Graham 
was nominated, with almost unexampled unan- 
imity, the candidate of that great party for the Vice 
■ y of the United States. A purer man, an 
jsman, a more honest and devoted patriot, 
have been selected to fill the second great 
uch the people of 
be, the more they 
Mtli him. At the 



Presid 

abler 

could 

office of ou 

ihe United States will find 

inquire 

South, 

ofstren 



finanoeeot ihi- lu.,: ', 








cie which he coo]' 








ourGoverninenI 1 








Ascirly-lfl D.'T.;:,,:. 






1 M . Ill a 


table ol dislaiu.s -.( 








ico—thebesi rontr.^;., 


r. iich Ihem- 


-lliejr 


tr»..le and 




' ll.an-.l, if 


lie C 




to be periimncntly a 


uiexed, uf 


ren 1" 


inir such 
s. There 


commerce valuable to 


the Unitet 


Slat, 


13 certainly here mjn 








the practical statetmuK 








On tfcc 25th of December, Gene 




tl c^-tai]^ 


'"''"'■"'"""■•" 'iispl. 


1.3 f^r the 







gill to his party. 



ry where through- 



people • 



loved, 

and ei; 

hisi 



iig and 



, wnere virtue, imegrity, lion- 
. I'ld devoted patriotism are 
I'd, will he be honored, be- 
>;, his pure .ind spotless life, 
li'l ability, are made familiar 
liscerniag countrymen. j 



Chan 



1 the 1 



:of;' 



ard, the president, (then in his last illne.": 
a considerable part of the se.ssion of l' 
great acceptability lo that body. 

Occupying the laborious post of Clininv 
Committee on Claims in the 27lh Congres 
ticipaled but little in t)ie general debate; 
had the entire confidence and respect of t 
in the bu.siness committed to his charge; 
ernor Wright, of N. York, and Judge Woodbury, 
of New Hampshire, who servfd under him on thai 



South- 
I,) during 
■41, with 

an of the 
I, he 
; but he 
le Senate 
,nd Gov- 



From the Hartford (Omn.) Couranl. 
General goott in Bleslco. 

We have been called upon to mention any event 
the life of Wi.nfield Soott which would indi- 
te the posjessiou of talents for the civil govern- 
snt ol the United States. We cheerfully and 
confidently respond to this call, and, from among- 
(he numerous exainples of this fitness, we select 
tlie civil adminntralim of General HcoU in Mexico. 
We pas3 over the great battles which were 
gained, extending f>oiTi Vera Cruz to *he capital, 
and wc find him at the h.>ad of a coiiquerin°-ariny 
in the city of Mexico The enemy, ingfigaTed by 
the most intense hatred, were around him. He 
was far r-m-.v. H f, r.j-, supplies or reinforcemenls. I 
"3 V.-; ■ ; . . , ■ .1 victorious army, ready at 



I enues of the Federal Government ■.vhircver in 
Jid be found, more particularly the ordii.-ary i 
"' '' " metals. In the aar 

jbject of the entire a 
the country with statesrnanliite view 
1 that it is his duty only to eff-r ru 
-- ■--- local knowledge would furni 



precK 
despatch he treats of th 
nexationof the c 
but remarks I 
suggestions as hii 
him. 

In the general orders alluded to in fhn above de- 
spatch ol December 25, we find th^t I'lc internal 
taxes or dues referred to are direct lases; cbuies on 
the production of gold and silver; meltin"- .ind as- 
saying due.-i; the tobacco rent; ibe rent ol^stamped 
paper; the rent on the manufacture of playing 
cards; and the rent of poet offices. These revenues 
He then prohibits lotteries, and es- 
gulations and rules lor levying 



of 



comui' . 
affairp. ;,. i; 
for the cxhit 
Ills, fur a tr 



VVek 
what com 
pletely called oii(. 
dence, Iirmne.> 
magnanimity, 
nibitedall these . 

The conquerui ^i 
lembcr 14, 1847. 

ace— an hoi 
his Country. To 

ay, ^1. i:..! i... ,■■ ,..: 



these dilfi. 
■i:: = tration of the Mexican 
.',n-.ior. Herr,i,ow,i3 a field 
of ciml as well as military i.a\- 
h as great as tiiat of the field, 
ituation where ail ihcele.ments of 
1. real ?reat man rru'.J tc so coin- 



and 



the Senate, t.. i 
attest their r i i 
ity. The IXii; 



ity of memb 
na in 1842, 
Graham was 



iust ume III many years, Mr. 
;-eIected, and retired from ihe 
.Senate of the U. States on the 4th of March, 1843. 
Resuming the practice of the law with his usual 
energy and eminent success, he had but renewed 
his relations with his old friends and clients, when, 
to redeem the State from Democratic rule and as- 
cendency, and to aid in securing her vote for Mr. 
Clay, he was prevailed upon to accept the nomina- 
tion for the office of Governor of the State. In 1844 
he was elected the Chief Magistrate of North Caro- 
lina by a very large majority of the votes of the 
peopip, and was re-elected to the same oflice in 
1846, from which he retired on the Ut of January, 
1849, being no longer constitutionally eligible. 
Jleturning again to his profession, he was, in a few 



apply I 



spcral: , .; •, r, . , . K > ,. 

OuU,. i: , . • . , .' : , 

fining- r, ,:,..... , ,...-.; i... ..,.„ 
wore t^i l.u puiiitb-u — ilrus puMis lung- 
code of laws wlikii weiB equally m 
conquerors and ihe defeated. In this code, the ad 
ministration uf justice, both in civil and criminal 
matters, was left to the courts of the country, and 
A-as not (o be interrupted by any ofCrer or soldier 
ot the American /orec, except in cerlain cases of 
importan.e to our own citizens. liotli Ihc rule and 
ihe exf-eption fhow the judgment of the General. 
Wherever a military police was kept op in any 
city, a Mexican police was likewise to be establish- 
ed to act in harmony. The capital— the churchoe- 
the religious worship— the prosperity and the peace 
jf its inhabitants «ere all placed under the special 
safeguard of the honor and faith ol the American 
army. As a compensation for this proteciion, a 
contribution of .$150,0110 was crdercd to be levied 
on the capital, to be collected by the Mexican's 
ihemselvcs, which contribution was lo be employed" 
in the purchase of extra comforts for the wounded 
and sick, and for the purchase of blankets and 
ihoes for the rank and file of the army. We need 
no better proof of ihe civil virtues ot our hero than 
the above general order. Its moderaiion, forbear- 
ance, and magnanimity are apparent on every 
line. His attention to the preaervationof order and 
law manifests a character beyond that of the mere 
miliiary commander, riia thoughtfulnees of the 
coniforis of his own soldiers will be remembered by 
them with gratitude. 
As soon ..6 his troops were settled in their quar- 
rs, and the internal police regulations 61 iMexico 



dem; 
tablishes por 

import and export duties, makin' si 
in favor of the United States as wer 
The arrangements for the levying of tl 
the ditoriminalions to be made— the iri 

lecting the Mexican revenues— all indu„,. „ 

of sound financial capacity and of the o-rasp of the 
statesman. 

On this same subject we might allude to the skill 
manifested in laying (he assessiiiente on the dif 
ferent cities of the Republic for the maintenance of 
the American troops. Much judgment w.as needed 
here to equahze these usscesments; to invent the 
best means of their collection, so as not lo exasper- 
ate the conquered people or to rouse them into re- 
bellion. The whole of this subject in all its details 
shows the great and comprehensive mind of the 
commander in chief. 

Such is one of the prnols that .i., ■ e ■ iv. n ,n fa 
vor of thestatesmanhMii , i ■. , . ,, -jha 

difficulties of sueli , ,i > :,\y 

appreciated at the p, . . , ,,j 

iinarmyto oonir>!, ; ^f 



civil affairs, ih.t, wlKn he left the couniry, they 
offered him ihe Presidency of the republic with a 
salary of a million and a quarter of dollars, /s 
there no proof of ihe slatrsmanship of Scott ? 

In contrast to this exalted picture, we have the 
fact that Franklin Pieice has been a piariisin-' at- 
torney for twenty years; that he h.n been in b^th 
Houses of Congrefs; that he voted ag-ainsi Internal 
Iinpruvements ; that he made a speech a-'ainst 
fTranting a pittance to the widow of Harrisan; and 
that he made anoiher against the removal of his 
own party from the emoluments of office ! 

Candid reader ! Look at these two pictures, and 
decide for y ourself where the statesm anship lies. 

Illinois can be Cirbikd fok Scott. — We feel 
sure of it. It will not be done by tioasting and 
loud talking, but by close and hard work. There 
is no other way. We need not knik in other Slates 
to fight the battle f)r us. The M. x^ .u, v. ,r,h.,wfd 
that Illinois troops could do their f!i,rr ,,t (hat 
c themselves. They now hav.- ,, ehance to 
gain a peaceable viclnry. I^ every Whig feel 
that he has Aimsel/ something TO do; let him work 
from this day to ihe close of theelection, promptly, 
patiently, unremittingly, and all will achievcsuch 
a victory as will make their hearts glad. 

[Galena Advertiser. 



THE SIGNAL. 



47 



Mr. p. «ro«'» Votes on Public Ijupi-ovements.i sooth, his "rigid riglitcousness" taught him 
Tho campaign orators of the Deraucratic [I'lat grants to savo life or to facilitate trade 
party are in an embarrassing predicament. Mr.; were political sins, fraught with peril to tho 
piiiucE's volfis on appropriations for river, orlhodoxy of his party. iVIr. Pieuce did not 
harbor, and other public improvements, meet condescend to jfivo even these poor reasons for 
them al every step, and call for judgment with liis policy. Ho never deigned to propound his 
a force .ind constancy that admit neither of! views, and to justify them on any ground of 
evasion nor denial. The record is everywhere, I equity or expediency. All he did was to take 
inviting evaminalion, and challenging the pre- ieare that no opportunity passed neglected 
tensions urged in Mr. Pierce's behalf. Kdi I which enabled him to wage war on all im- 
torG discreetly evade the whole subject. It is Iprovernents, coasting or internal. The De- 
tabooed from their columns as too priclily to be j mucrscy of Georgia may therefore call upon 
handled with safety, and with the vain hope Judge Johnson for an amended version of his 
that the growing e.xcitement of the canvass will apology. His present one is bold, and withal 
throw u'p chances for concentrating attention ingenious; but unfortunately it Ib not exactly 
upon less troublesome considerations. But the 1 true. 

public speaker has another course to pursue, j "^ ] 

He cannot pass over the subject in silence, forit i Letter of a True iviiig. 

looms up everywhere in its full proportions; be.j About the time of the meeting of the Whig 
must not slur It over with stale jokes, for the National Conveniiou in 1848, (says the ..Vir- 
people feel that it concerns their interests i (ionn! /'lieiiig-eiictr,) the Hon. Truman .Smith 
deeply; he dare not deny that the charges as | wrote to Gen. Scott slating that either Henry 
they stand have truth in them, for the official Clay, Mr. Webster, Jndge McLean, Gen. 
chronicle of Congress is open to the country, Taylor, ov Gen. Scott would probably he iiomi- 
and has already been closely scanned. In nated for the Presidency; and inquiring, among 
these circumstances another plan must be re- other things, whether, in case Gen. Taylor 
sorted to, and that is to represent Mr. Pierce should be nominated, he (Gen. Scott) would 
as having pursued a discriminating career in jSupporl him. Here is the reply: 
reference to improvements — giving his support j • Waehingtos, June 3, 1S4S. 

to national expenditures, when they were pro- [ Deak Sir.: 1 h.i3ten to ack 
posed, and resistiiior only those that were local !"f 7"'- 

" ■ ■ ■ II 



Fr: 



(veil. Soott null Aaopted Citizens. 

Th« fffort to array Gonural Scott aiyainst adopt- 
ed oitiz:iici is rrctiviiif: a prompt rebuke. 

]!c!ow will be found a letter from Cnpt. Robert 
Hu^unio, of this c:iiy, ntie of Genernl Scott's vete- 
rans u[ 18li, in reaartl to hU treatment of adopted 
citizono. w hen his aid was of some service. 

Wo might add, in this connexion, that Capt. H. 
has always been ii Democrat, but has now enlisted 
for another campaign under the heuo of Queens- 
town: 

JSditors Chicago Journal. 

Gektlemen: In your paper of yesterday I no- 
tice a statcmiiit concerning- General— then Lieu, 
tcnani Colonel— Scott's conduct toward Ibe pris -u- 
ers of foreign birth captured by the British al the 
battle of Queenetown in 1813, and his heroic con- 
duct on the occasion. 

ng been lo'sc'f in Mic frontier war under 

' ' *' '".I : I ."T^onally acquaint- 

■ n^rit.andcanlully 



I Srott 



Wl! 



■ p'ayi; 



ught to 



1 hasten to acknowledge the bont>r 
of this date. 1 admit and feel all 

..."their-cliaracler" "We have an" instance of il^):'''""-'' "^ '"« P"''''<^ "^'^'^ >■"" ^'^"^ '^''^ '■<='''^''>^ 

this in a speech of Judge H. V. Johnson 



Until ' 



the Macon (Ga.) ratification meeting, where — 'my name v 
referring to Mr. Pikrce — he is reported to havejWhii? JS'm . 
^aiJ. ° jPhiladelpbK. 

^^"^- ,. . ■ • , u r thePresiden 

Kesjapding- it as onconstitutiona!, he never fa Whether I 



ot 



: party foi 



nd harbr 



shal 



1 appropriations lor roads. 
WhiUl be sanctioned judiriLsus expcnditurts for 
such works as were of a nntiymal charafter, he al- 
ways voted against tlioae that were .local or sec 
tiuiial. The uniformity of his course on qmations 
of this ei>rt (and indeed upon all others) sIjowb ; 
that he was governed by fixed and well defined 
principles of constitutional interpretation. lean 

■ " ■ ■ jffice as spe- I ^„j 

13 a member ' - 
of the House of ll.-pr, ,»-:,taiivea. a bill was iulro 

iinuation of the- r : ■) On the fina 

vote bis name elan : - . j n; the noys. 



rotes or not in that cnlight. 

b'jiJy for the high distinction in question,! 

, as a Whig, feel myself under every obliga- 
nn that C!>n bind a citizen to his country, and 
ive to t.ho nominee— whether be be one or the 
her of the four distinguished names with which 
ine is astociated by you— all the moral influence 
id support it may be in my power righlf. lly to 
irrl; and 1 ought not to doubt that all Wbiga 
ill bo equally patriotic and earnest in the sarne 



bemadc, GeiKi. i :,. .. ■, 
-ofchcfswiih oiy bri.:hcr 

i guuin. Ilo^rin.cr the noise on deck. General Scott ■ 
j rushed up, .-itui, learning the cause, forbade, in the 
; most peremptory manner, another man frotn say- 
j ing a wont, lest their accent should betray the 
place of their birth, and assured those selected that 
if the British government dared to execute a man 
of thi-in, their death should be avenged. 

When Scott arrived nt Quebec, he was offered 
I his paiole, but refused unless it v;as given trf his 
officers also. It was refused, and he was confined 
with them in the prison-ship. He was likewise 
I invited to dine with the commander of the citadel, 
I and accepted only on the above condition. 

The prisoners retained as hostages for those sent 
to England of f.-.reign birth to be shot for treason, 
I were taken at Fort George, where I was under 
, GeneraiSC'itt's command, and was an eye-witness 
to bis lieroiern, and the kind attention to his sol- 



lESTIMOSV CF AN (J 

cr Dcinoriatic pap 
w Yoi It livening I'l 
:al.oflhoelrr>i.jM r 



lS3fi, whil 



Reeij 

jyou h( 



the personal friendship with w-hich 
i remain, my dear i^ir, faithfully 
WINFIELD SCUTT. 



Judco n A. Upton, of Louisiana, who was n 

the'ljto\'eVlSla^es,^,eg.^vca.tou!ar\"o^e;gainst'ai''<'l«■^^''= ">. ">« Baltimore Convention and one .,f 

bill for nreciselv (he Pame nurnoe- " , its secretaries, passed here last Tucsoav evening 

Ur -1 . V I I I ■ ■ I ''■» O'"- ^If'-'"? ^'"^'■- The boat was detained 

We will not charge Judg(!_ Johnson with [(jcre several hours loading tobacco, and the Jud?e, 

misrepresenting this feature of Mr. PiEP.t i-.'s at tlie miinat oi a number of Whiss, conscnted'to 

history, hut certainly ho has niisundors! : ii- ' i :,- i..- p.-ople at night in the court house. 

Mr. Pierce never recognised the dism - ;; ^- ' '■■"" '""" '^",* "" hour's notice a very 
..''.... ' .e.-iii aasembUid. and the Juilge'e speech 



1 of hi. 



was but 
i assembled, e 
itoa rtame the fire 
id been kindled in 



imputed to hiin. He voted uniformly a...; . , , . , ,,,. 

appropriations for carrying on public w v. ika. ,„,urs Mi;;re had been kindled in our ratification 
Ni-itiier in Ihe House of Representatives nor meeting. He gave a most eloquent and grophic 
in the Spua'e did he ever vote for an improve- !'^«^';''.'PV'f" "f','"' action of the convention, and the 
ment bill of any sort. He did all he could io\'^;::::'^:iJ^tol^^::t-^^^'^^'^^^^^>^ 
defeat every grant for the improvement of bar- j,)f the CDOvcniion We have rarely ever witnessed 
bors in the northern lakes — he resisted every ;such enthusiasm ns prevailed during his speech, 
appropriation for improving the navigation of^'vhich was truly a powerfolonr;aaidif hecontinues 
the Ohio, Mississippi, and Missouri rivers- |'" ''"f lonh such voUi.s j,f fire a, he goes South, 
, . ' ^ ..rr ' r.i ri theglorious vv higs ol old LouHiiHia witl cfttcn the 

he voted to arrest tho construction of the Cum- flaofe, and bum still stronger than ever in their 
berland road, and to withhold auxiliary grants 'devotion to Winfield Scott and the Union 
from other roads of high importance to large ! • [Owtnsbcro' (Ky.) Gaxdte. 

sections of the country — and he even went so tar | • 

as to vote against the regular appropriations fori Messes. Gentry and Williams.— There is a 
Ihecon.'itrnclion and maintenance of light-houses I S-^oeral regret expressed among all the Whig 
,, 4.1 .: . ivT .u t; .u LI . presses we have seen, (the Tiinei: excepted,) and 

upon the Atlantic coast. North, feouth, Kast, M ^„„ ^1, ,,,„ ^-higs we meet with, at the opposi- 
and West, all had in him a dogged, unreasoning! tion of these two Whigs to the nomination ol Gen- 
adversary. His narrow faith would have sac Icral S(-olt, and all exp.cas the hope that it may be 
rificed the commerce of the Union. He uould | withdravcn The Pruvidcncc JuurnoZ says it would 
have had our coasts strewn with wrecks, or de -||J",'l°e^'icmi'lK^l 

serted by the mariner in whose breast any carp:,",'.fi 4ish^ol the partv. Neither of ili 
for pi^rsonal safety remained. He would have uvcr to Pierce ;.nd King, and both of them can 
subjected our Western farmers to a perpetual never be any thing else than true-hearted Whiga. 
blockade, lest by opening avenues to trade a ^'''f trust they will y" come into the support ol 
. ■ , , .■ , r f - J 1. ij -. not only the platfirm, but tUe noinmationB. The 

cherished article of his creed should receive ^'^ f^i^.^^f^aed men of the partya.e gen.rally every 
death blow. He would have had our lake nav- \ where willing to take one with the other, 
igation more perilous limn it is, because, for ; [ifew York Rtpreu. 



try. Urliire be was thirty yc 
earned imperislmble honors c 
frontier. Throuj-h ihe ineridi 
steadily addin;^ tn tb.-i.- nn;,.hf..-, and within the 
[last decade h..;: .-,,j-Ar ,1 ,: r,-,i:;i ., . ;i!,ic, wiiha 
I series of then. - -. ■ ■ ordcd in 

history. Aclo. :<i m -. -..i; the re- 

Isultof accideot, ::i-c in. i.-.l ,.' ,->:„;.-, on pla-o 
j minds; neither are tlicy rt-jrardcd c.e such by the 
American people. There is r,o true American who 
is not proud of thrni; no one who would not, if ne- 
cessary, become the personal champion of their 
autiior'a greatnfss, wherever and whenever such 
championship should be needed." 

This is just and true. Some of the Democratic 
editors wiuld do well to read it and ponder upon it. 
Why should they assail with vile and scurrilous 
abuse the man who has done more than any other 
living man (or the promotion of our country's 
glory, merely because a portion of our country, 
men have sem fit lo nominate him for the first 
office of the Republic he has so devotedly and so 
successfully served.— f,ot(tsijii/c Journal, 



bors taKo 
the Like, 
a; this po 
since, wil 
to whom 



ABD OF Him! — Our Canadian neigh- 
interest in politics on this side, of 
aptaiuof a Canadian vessel trading 
juired of a gentleman a few days 
im he was doing s-ime business, as 
I for Prtai. 



nated Pierce, The next question was— f FAo it Ac? 
The gentleman gave him as good an account of 
Young "Circumstances" as circumstances would 
permit. Well, said our Canadian neighborjpVho 
have the other party nominated.' General Win- 
field Scott was the reply. "Oh!" said he, ''IVehaWi 
/iwrd 0/ him.— Omego Daily JVmej. 



48 



THE SIGNAL. 



A Delusive IIofo. 

From the Alba.nv (N. Y.) Rfgisler. 

Tho Winliiug-I -n •'" ■ ■ -■ ' 'her kiii(ire( 

prints, declare lir ' r.'.enil to vol 

lor Pierce and K i- :. Scott am 

Grahairi. If the 1 ..Iculale thei 

auccess upon any ; ii. thcv ar^ 



pari 



.the 



of ' 



great capl 

man, pure and unsuli:ea lu all h!3 ii!iaii(ji!3 ut life, j 
and thecandidateoi our opponents — without ^uing- 1 
into any such inquiry, disregarding it, where is | 
the Whig, we ask, who can adopt' the platform | 
Bubmitted by the Democratic party, in preference 
to that of hia own? On the one side, we find the 
advocates of free trade and the competition of the 
pauper labor of Europe broug-lvt t" bear against 
the liibor of Anicricm citizens; wc find a etcrn op- 
position l.j I;..' 1.. .;.!.>■. .., :.'. i'l • . h:u : ..rr and 

rivers, aivj •■ ■. . ! i ..■ . : . • - Wesi'. 

we Bud an i . , . . • i ,. , . ; ,.rr, a 

wildan.l rc. . . . ;.i I i i ■.-!..- ^,ri': -: Such 
is the Dtiiio. r^iic pi.^ilor mj. i.,e WiMj^ ,,iaiiurm 
advocates a fatrict iiiuit to llieextrcisouf the powers 
cxpreeely granted by the Constitution; leaving to 
the several States all powers not pfranted to the 
General Government. It adheres to the doctrine 
of Washington against "entangling alliances" 
with foreign countries, and against intervention. 
It inculcates a love for the Constitution and the 
lav.r.. Jl a<!vociUes, es far as is consistent with an 
ci i:- ;:;; : ! '. '.•i^lration of the Government, en- 

l.L^. ■ : imports fi'r revi-iiiio, itiJtead o( 

ii.ii> . I.::.,-. 1,. iL ujiinlains the doctrine that the 
C'ui,^i..u..„.ii ,;:ilcia on Congress the power to open 
andiepair harbors, and improve and remove ob- 
structions from rivers, upon national grounds. 
And it inculcatts a mutual attachment among the 
several Stales. These points show the difference 
between the Dtmocratic platform and the"Whig. 
It is a diflercnce of privcipteit, marked as the nonn- 
tiay sun fiom the dark and deep gloom of mid- 
night. Upon the fight of principU-s every Whig 
will do his duty, and cast his vote for Winpielo 
SooTT, William A. Gkaham, and (he nationality 
and true glory of bis party and his coontry. 

The Tnie Wiiig ppiitt. i 

From the Albany (iV. V.) Keguttr. ! 

.■\ true Whi^- alv.ays s.v;.lli,u s iir.Jodiceo and' 



t.''::' ■^'v ' .■:''•, ^ 


., ..,.„. a steady 
1 : beai-tycon- 




; r own part, 
:. ,.;d,atid, we 


II, . .■ ., ; >.,;,...■; • .' ■ 




iNir. 1 liliiioic. i'.: ■ ■ ^ . ■ ■ 


, -dt greatly 


dis,-.pno;ntcd us.ai -.1 i ; i i 


1 ill- ['resident's 


true and ardent f. 1,1.!- 1, 


1 ilie Fillmore 


men or which of tR.- I .. i. . 


-hive bolted 


the nomination, 01- .1 1 :i -,i i, 


;: i.stsnt, bon- 


est, and hearty sujiport.' W. 


t our c-.u be named 




nark, ii.it only with 




;akable cheerfulness 


and hi-h r. ctitudc of purpo 


e. Thiy recognised 




inn;,,-'r„g Whig- 


„ 1-. ; - - ii -;, ■■ 




..,,'• ■ ''.'■■" 


I^:iple3 0f the 


c..!i\ ■.:..:, .- . . 


,, .. . .J they in- 


• I iii'.y - 1 '■ .■', j , - ■■.■! pi 


;'- ■r.,r.iAm\ disap- 


pou.tinenta bey.md a r.Burr, 


■ti,.ndu,ingthepre- 


sent canvass. 





Goikg it Blisd.— Jones's Vince£.r.c3 i'enfiiicihas 
the foUowina-. It is rather rich: 

"General John A. Pierce, of New Hampshire, is 
the unanimous nominee of the convention. A bet- 
ter nomination it is not possible to have made." 

This shows the ineial of some of (he Locofoco 
leaders. When the telegraph announceel that 
Pierce, of New Knmpsbire', was the nominee, the 
&n(incZ ought to have known enough ol him not 
to have put him down "John A.;" and when Jont-a 
complimented said "John A," as no such man 
exists, it shows how much reganl h^: h.3s for his 
word. We do not think maoy other editors will 
bet 

I sTTc k to bis Jokn A., and lei 
his own way towards the vvhite House, without 
any aid from tho Vincennes Senlinel. 

ferre Hauie {Ind ) Exfress. 



RATIFICATION SONG. 



Hark! it thunders from the mountains, 
And pours down through all their fount 
Yea! it reaches the tall Ibuntains 
Of for oft' Mexico. 

CHORUS. 

We're a hand of solilicra, 
We're a hand of soldiers, 
We're a band of soldiers, 

And our leader's name is Scott. 
With his banner streaming, 
And our weapons gleaming, 
And fresh glory beaming, 

We arc fighting as he Ibiiglu. 



He is mighty in the battle, 
And, 'mid war's iron rattle. 
Drives the foe like frightened cattle, 
Before his conquering march. 

CHORUS. 

With his band of soldiers, 

With his band of soldiers. 

With his band of soldiers. 

He has won his mighty fame. 

Hurra! huira!! hurra!!! 

Hurra! hurra!! hurra!!! 
Then, 'mid banners streaming, 
And old weapons gleaming, 
We see glory beaming 
Round our Hero's honored name. 

III. 

With the gallant Graham near him, 
Tlie Locos all will fear him, 
And the nation soon will hear him 
Shout aloud our victory. 

CHORUS. 

V>^nri his brave Whig soldiers, 
With his brave Whig soldiers, 
With his brave Whig soldiers, 

Naught can stay his proud career. 
Then, with his banner streaming. 
And our bucklers proudly gleaming, 
We hail the bright day beaming, 

■yVith a heartfelt shout and clieer. 

IV. 

Lo ! the hosts e'en now are rallying, 
From every hill-top sallying ; 
They no longer can be tiallying, 

With a foemaii such as Fierce. 



For these brave Whig soldiers. 
For these brave Whig soldiers, 
For these brave Whig soldiers 

Will sweep him from the field. 

Then three cheers for Scott and Graham, 

For the Locos must obey them, 

And true Whig hearts will never fail them, 

While our conqueror's in the field. 

And with his brave Vv/liiij soldiers. 
And v.'i'!, 'v i-.iv:. ■.■;!.,• ,■ ,!,l;cr^^, 
And V. . ■ V: ^ ■ ' M-rs, 

Naught.;.:; 

H:;;.-.>' 1;;.....' i - "■ 

Hurra! liuria!' hurra!!! 
Like our good old sires befoi-e us, 
We will shout aloud the chorus, 
Till the heaven's o'er us 

Shall rebound the loud hurra. 



They'll point the 
As far beyond al 
And each to each 



Tl 



The Slen of Cherubji 

BY C. F. HOFFMAN. 



will name with tears 
;i quenched at nisrht, 

;;r'!crWlNFlKL0 fought, 

deeds he wrought. 



Fromofftlat I a y bro v 
A shr d but 1 tl e scatte ed I air 

Wl h a es r hly now 
And 1 t er ty t nn s de hearll 
W 11 pau ea 1 the ti ern irirtl 
And hll n" I b e he hao pas e i 
Tl ey 11 i k t t r bu-co s la t 

TleyUpa t t it 

The de ds 
And or th s all 

W II IP 1 I 
W I o fou I t i s V 



They 11 legends! II u h ots tl en 
Far, far beyond all modern men. 
And still in sonar will grow more bright 
The deeds of Cirerubusco fight. 

THE BALLAD OF THE "STICK OF 
CANDY." 

"He beheld three boys eating candy — lie beheld 
another boy sitting alone — not eating but crying, 
because he had no money to buy candy. With 
that noble generosity which has ever distinguished 
Pierce, he put his liand, in his pocket, drew forth a 
cent, bought a stick of candy, and give it to tha 
boy."— [Got;. SUde. 

It was a poor unhappy boy, 

All sad he wept alone, 
His liead was resting on his han.l, 

He sat upon a stone. 

Not (\tr removed, three other boys 

With sweetest mouths and smiles, 
Were sucking each a stick a piece 

Of candy all the while. 
It was a stranger-man who passed: 

He saw the mourning lad. 
And kindly turning to him said, 

"What makes you feel so bad.=" 
"I'm poor, indee.l, I'm very poor. 

No candy cau I buy. 
My comrades taste the pleasant suecis, • 

While I sit here and cry'^ 
'Twas then a noble inpul.se seized 

Upon that striiiijer-man. 
And thus he spake, "cheer up my lad, 

I'll help you if I can." 

Then quickly down his pocket's depths 

His generous hand he thrust, 
And forth he drew a shining cent 

From out a pile of dust. 
Then to a candy shop he sped 

With grave and reverend iiasle, 
For he, like every prudent man. 

Nor peace nor time could waste. 
The deed was done, tlie candy bought, 

The money down was paid, 
The boy's bright eye and watery mouth. 

Were eloquence unsaid. 

Cut eagerly he grasped the stick 

And placed it in his lips. 
Not half so sweet the flower from wlii.li 

The bee the nectar sips. 

Ah, noble act! ah, noble man! 

How bles.sed 'twas to give: 
This story like the widow's mile. 

To thy renown shall live. 

More glorious than conquests great. 

In camp and forum won: 
Far louder this shall speak il.v praise 

Than all else thou hast done. 
Now learn a lesson from this tale, 

Who gives a boy a cent 
To buy a stick of candy with, 

Shall be a President. 



THE SIGNAL 



PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, BY G. S. GIDEON. 

No. 4.] 



WASHINGTON: JULY M. 1852. 



[Vol. 1. 



THE SIGNAL: 

.t 1%'ltig caiupaign paper, pubiiilied al the 
riti/ of i^'iishington. 

The undersigned is now publishing, at 
the city of Washington, a Whig Campaign 
Paper under the above title, devoted to the 
support of WINFIELD SCOTT, for Pre- 
sident, and WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, for 
Vice President. 

The Signal will be emphatically a Na- 
tional Press, designed for circulation in 
every section of the country. The object 
of the paper will be to harmonize the ac- 
tion, and promote the efficient organization 
of the Whig Party, as well as to diffuse its 
principles and arouse its spirit and enthu- 
siasm. 

It will also furnish a convenient com- 
pendium of all the facts and documents 
bearing upon the case made by the respec- 
tive parties and candidates, and preserve 
in a form for future reference a complete 
history of the canvass. A full index will 
be given in the last number, which will 
add materially to the permanent interest 
and value of the work. 

The great popularity and success which 
attended the Battery, published by the 
undersigned during the last Presidential 
canvass, induces him to retain the same 
form and size in the Signal. 

The publication will be continued each 
week until the election, the results of which 
will be given in full in the last number. 

TERMS. 

The Signal will be published weekly, 

until after the Presidential election in 

November, at the following rates, viz: 

Single subscription $0 50 

Five copies 2 00 

(Being at tlie rate of 40 cts. for each subscriber.) 

Fourteen copies 5 00 

(Being at the rale of 36 cts. for each subscriber.) 

Thirty copies 10 00 

(Being at the rate of 33^ cts. for each subscriber.) 

Fifty copies 15 00 

( Being at the rate of 30 cts. for each subscriber.) 

0#"No paper will be sent unless the 
order is accompanied by the money. 

Ml letters must be post-paid, and ad- 
dressed to 

GEO. S. GIDEON, 

Washington, D. C. 

|r3^Wesend this number to many of our Whig 
friends Ihrougho^ the Country, whose liind ser- 
vices in aiding our circulation we respectfully so- 
licit. Attention is called to the terms. 



THE SIGNAL. 



]>li:.SPAT€IIES OF 

WINFIELD SCOTT 



BATTLE OF CERRO fiORDO. 



Head-qcarters of the army, 
Plan del liio, 50 milisfrom Vera Cruz, jjpril 19, '47. 

Sir: The pl,.m of attack, sketched in general or- 
ders. No. Ill, lierewith, was finely execulcd by 
this gallant army before two o'clock, p. m., yester- 
day. We are quite embarrassed with the results 
of victory— prisoners of war, heavy ordnance, field 
batteries, small arms, and accouirements. About 
3,000 men laid down tlieir arms, with the usual 
proportion of field and company officers, besides 
five generals, several of them of great distinction. 
Pinson, Jarrero, La Vega, Noriega, and Obando. 
A sixth general, Vasqucz, was kdled in defending 
the battery (lower) in the rear of the whole Mexi- 
can (irmy, the cnpture of which gave u.s those glo- 
rious rcsulis. 

Our loss, (hough comparatively small i: ;i i - , 
has been serious. Brigadier Gencr.ii ■ 
commander of activity, zeal, and tiili ni i - 
if not dead, mortally wounded. He is , .;!: i;.' 
miles from me at ihe moment. The fii.-ld of opera- 
tions covered many miles, broken by mountains- 
and deep chasms, and I have not a report as yet 
from any division or brigade. Twijj's division, 
followed by Shiclds's (no\v<'i H : !!, -I. i is) bri- 
gade, are now at or near Xa! > '.^'i i 'Ts di- 
vision is in route thither; all ; . ; i, L;..od 
results, as I learn, that part I I ; ,. M : i ,i:i ainiy, 
perhaps six or seven thousand men, who fled be- 
fore our right had carried the tower, and gained the 
Xalapa road. Pillow's brigade alone is near me at 
this depot of wounded, sick, and prisoners, and 1 
have time only to give from him the names of 1st 
Lieutenant F. B. Nelson and ad C. G. Gdl, both 
of the 2d Tennessee foot, (tjaskell's regiment,) 
among the killed; and in the biieade, 106 of ail 
ranks killed or wouiai il. \ ,. ir latter, the gal- 
lant Brigadier Ucnri,; ,,, ismartwound 
in the arm, but nut ui ■: I I Major R. Far- 

queson, ad Tennessi •. (_' ija 11 I''. Murray, 2d 

Lieutenant G. T. Sutherland, 1st Lieutenant W. 
P. Hale, (adjutant,) all of the same regiment, se- 
verely, and 1st Lieutenant W. Yearwood mortally 
wounded. And I know, from personal observa- 
tion on the ground, that 1st Lieutenant Ewell, of 
the rifles, if not now dead, was mortally wounded 
in entering, sword in hand, the entrenchments 
around the captured tower. Second Lieutenant 
Derby, topographical engineers, I also saw, at the 
same place, severely wounded, and Captain Patten, 
2d United Stales infantry, lost his right hand. Ma- 
jor Sumner, 2d United Slates dragoons, was slightly 
wounded the day before, and Captain Johnston, to- 
pographical engineers, (now lieutenant colonel of in- 
fantry,) was very severely wounded, some days ear- 
lier, while reconnoitring. 1 must not omit to add 
that Captain Mason and 2d Lieutenant Davis, both 
of the rifles, were among the very severely wound- 
ed in storming the same tower. I estimate our to- 
tal loss in killed and wounded may be about 250, 
and that of the enemy 350. In the pursuit towards 



Xalapa, (25 miles hence,) 1 learn we have added 
much to the enemy's loss in prisoners, killed, and 
wounded. In fact, I suppose his retreating army 
to be nearly disorganized; and hence my liaste to 
follow, in an hour or two, to profit by events. 

In this hurried and imperfect report I must not omit 
to say that Brigadier General Twir^L-, in pn :i: ' :lie 
mountain range beyond CerroGopli ; ., a : . lii 
the tower, detached from his divia . i 
ed the day before, a strong ton- ;,, . i i. iliat 
height, which commanded the Xalapa luad at the 
foO't, and could not fail, if carried, to cut oil' the 
whole or any part of the enemy's forces from a 
retreat in any direction. A portion of the Isl artil- 
lery, iipdrr th" nf"ff n distinguished Brevet Colonel 
Chill- , ■! .1 ■ • : ■! V, under Captain Alexander, 
ihe 7i!, I ■:,- , , ! i-Licuienant Colonel Plymp- 
ton,ai I ;' ,- r . ;;:-lMr Major Lnrin?, al! under 



decisive. The brigade ascended the long and dirti- 
cult slope of Cerro Gordo, without shelter, and un- 
der the tremendous fire of artillery and musketry, 
with the uU-nost steadiness, reached the breast- 
works, drove the enemy from them, planleil the 
colors of the 1st artillery, 3d and 7th infantry, the 
enemy's flag still flying, and, after some minuics of 
^\t!tyn (ii-in.i;, (ini--hpd the conquest vvilh the bayonet. 

I' I a M i I ,,i: .Mia^iluty to say that the hii.'he.st 

:i aLy,Childs,Plympton,Lo,-iMg, 

\ i! ..'.'■■■ . .1 aui ofllcers and men, for this 

ji.Jiaiii .-jLiucL, uiilependent of the great results 

which soon followed. 

Worth's division of regulars coming up at ilus 
time, he detached Brevet Lieutenant Colonel P. F. 
Smith, with his light battalion, to support ihe ««- 
saull, but not in time. The General, reaching the 
lower a few minutes before me, and observing; a 
white flag displayed from the nearest portion of the 
enemy towards the batteries below, sent out Colo- 
nels Harney and Childs to hold a parley. The sur- 
render followed in an hour or two. 

Major General Patterson left a sick bed (o share 
in the dangers and fatigues of the day; and after the 
surrender went forward to command the advancid 
forces towards Xalapa. 

Brigadier General Pillow and his brigade twice 
assaulted with great daring the enemy's line of bat- 
teries on our left; and, though without success, they 
contributed much to distract and dismay their im- 
mediate opponents. 

President Santa Anna, with Generals Canalizo 
and Almonte, and some six or eight thousand nun, 
escaped towards Xalapa just before Cerro Goi-<lo 
was carried, and before T'wiggs's division reachcii 
the National road above. 

I have determined to parole the prisoners, oflicers 
and men, as 1 have not the means of feeding them 
here beyond to-day, and cannot afiord to detach a 
heavy body of horse and foot, with wagons, to ac- 
company them to Vera Cruz. Our baggage train, 
though increasing, is not yet half large enough to 
give an assured progress to this army. Besides, 
a greater number of prisoners would probably es- 
cape from the escort in the long and deep sandy 
road without subsistence, ten to one, than we shall 
find again out of the same body of men in the ranks 
opposed to us. Not one of the Vera Cruz prison- 
ers is believed to have been in the lines of Ceiro 
Gordo. Some six of the officers, highest in rank, 
refuse to give their paroles, except to go to Vera 
Cruz, and thence, perhaps, to the United States. 

The small arms and their accoutrements, being 



5'J 



T 11 E S I G I\ A f. 



of n> val'je i" ■ ur army hire nr n! home, 1 have r r- 
d< red ihcoi in b« deeiroyed; fiT we h.ive nm ihe 
meat.! i.f tMi «pTii"2 iherfi. I am bIso soniewhni 

fii,lvirra.«-d with the pif>-e« of Brullory, all 

brnnz', whirh we have capiurf d. Ii would lake a 
br Ka<l<: nod halfihe mulen of ihis army to irons- 
i.iiri ihfm fifiy milea. A fie.d baiicry I ►hull tnkf 
for KBivico with the army; but iho hmvy mi l^l 
mu»l ^x collecieJ and left here f<-r the present 
We have our own siege train and the proper car- 
Being muo.h ocrupied with the prisoners and all 
the dciiiila uf a forward movement, bc.'idfi? hioking 
lo ibe nupplien which arc lo follow from Vera Cruz, 
I have lime to adJ no more — intending to be nl Xa- 
lapa early lo-morrow. We shall not probab'y 
again meet with »eriou3 opposition this aide of Pe- 

roie certainly nni, unlevs delayed by the want of 

ihe meain of transportation. 

1 have ihehunirio remain, sir, with high respect, 
TOUT mod olxdieiil .servant , 
' WINFIELD SCOTT. 

P. 8—1 invin allention to the accompanying 
leili-r of Preaideiil Siintu Anna, taken in hia car- 
no;;e yeaienl.iy; also to his procliimatinn. Issued 
on h-arnii ilini we '•nd captured Vera Cruz, &c., 
ill which he ti'iyti: **lf the enemy advance one step 
nioie ihe naiional independence will be buried in 
ill* abvas of the uosi." We have taken ih it step. 
W. S. 

I make a second poiicripl, to .■•ay there iti some 
ho|.f, I am huppy to learn, ilial Gei.criil ShiolJa 
mxy survive hiH wounds. 

0,ia of the principal motives for paroling Ihe 
prinouem of war is to diminis-h the reajaiance of 
other tarrisoiis in our march. 

^ w. a 



Hfie 



morning, by ihe l>a|Kage trains of the several corpus 

For ihi'a purpose, the feebler ofScers nnd men o 

each corps will be left to iuaril iis cnn.pnnd i (Ticis, , iVIexu« 

and to load'iip the latter in the wncoiisof the corps. : >oi ti.e A 

A conmi'ider of the prefcni encumpmsnt will bc/VeraCnu 



« not resily to defend her— 10 ihnse who traito . 
ly piir.iued their private turmoils to trample 
n the nation.Hl ban 



thnfiitenf ihe 
i.willd.cideheri 
ce — follow me,ai: 



rniy i 



Hon. W. L. Mnarr, 

Str.retary of Wat. 



nEAD-IJtJARTERS or THE .\BMT, 

- Plan del Bio, Jlfril 17, 1847. 
Gesep.at. Osders, ) 
No. HI. \ 

The enemy's whole line of cntrenehment and bat- 
teries will lit; attacked in front, and iit thn sAiiie 
liois lurned, ear-y irt the Jay to-morrow — probably 
Lcf.M-e lU. .■clock, a. m. 

The second (Twiggs's) division of regakfs m 
•Ire idy advanced within easy turning distance to- 
wards the enemy's left. That division has instruc- 
tions to move forviartl before (Isylishi to-nlnrrow, 
Bud lake up position across the National road in the 
enemy's rear, so as to cut offa retreat towards Ja- 
laps. It may be reinforced to-day, if unexpectedly 
aiiacked in lor.'C, by regimr.ats, one or two, taken 
from ShieMs'a brigade of voluniccia. If not, the 
two voluniier regiments will march for that pui- 
piiKS at daylight to-morrow morning, under Briga- 
dier Central Shields, who will report to Urigadier 
Ucneral Twiggs on getting up with liim, or lo the 
Gcneral-in-chicf, if he be in advance. 

The remaining regiment of that volunteer bri- 
fade will receive instiuciione in the course of this 
day. 

The 6r8t division of regulars, (Worth's,) will 
follow the movement against the eiiemy'a left at 
sunrise t.i-morrow morning. 

As alrejidy arranged. Brigadier General Pillow's 
briiade will march at 6 o'clock to-morrow morning 
aloiiii the route he has carefully reconnoitred, and 
■iHiiil ready, as soon as he hears the report of arms 
on our light, or sooner, if circumstances should 
favor him, to pierce the enemy's line of batteries at 
■iich point— the nearer to the river the better — as he 
may. s- led. Once in the rear of that lino, he will 
■urn 10 the right or left, or both, and attaek the 
baiieriei in reverie, or, if abandoned, he will pur- 
(ur ihi: enemy with vi.or until further onlers. 

Wall's field battery and the cavalry will be held 
In reserve on the national road, n little ont of view . 
an<t range of the enemy's batteries. They will' 
lake up that poxiiion ol nins o'clock in the morning. 

The enemy's batteries being carried or aban- 
iimi, all our divjainni and corps will pursue wiili 
rijnr. 

This pursuit may be continued many miles, un- 
til stopped by darkness or forii6e»i positions, to 
wur<JB Jalapa. Consequently, the body of the 
»fijiy will not relurn to thie •neampment, but b» 



des isnated in the course of this day 

As soon as it shall be known tin 
works have been carried, or that the gei eral pur- 
suit has been commenced, one wagon fur eaih 
regiment and battery, and one for the ca%ali y, will 
follow the movsment, lo receive, under ihe direction 
of medical officers, the wounded and disabled, who 
will be brought back to this place for treatment in 
general hospital. 

The surgeon general will organize this important 
service, ard designate that hospital as well as the 
medical officers lo be left at it. 

Every man who marches out to attack or pursue 
the enemy will take the usuni allowance of ammu- 
iiiiinn, and subsisieiioe for at least iwo days. 

By command of Major General Scoit. 

H. L. SCOrT,^. ^. .1. 0. 



Jlnlonio Lnprz de Santa Jlana, President att interim 
t,J the Mexican republic, to his compad io(3. 
Mexicans: Vera Cruz is already in the power 
of the enemy. It has tucconibed — not under the 
influence of American valor, nor c^iii ii even be said 
that It has fallen under the impulses of their good 
fortune. To our shame bo it sai'l, we ourselves 
have produced ihis deplorable misfortune by our 



-ininabte dii 



you 



from the Government ; 



the sia n of her dishonor. 

ANIOMO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. 

/lexico, March 31, 1847. 



NO. 4. 

HEiU-QCARTEnS OF THE ARMV, 

Jalapa, Jpril 23, 1847. 

Sir : In forwarding the reports of commanders 
which detail the operations if their ftver.il corps 
against the Mexican line.-s at Cerro Gordo, 1 shall 
present, in continuation of my former repo.l, but 
;in outline of the nlTair, and while adopiinsf hearlily 
I heir commendations of the ardor and efficiency of 
j ndividuala, I shall mention by name only those 
who figure promiiien' I y, or, from position, could not 
lie i icluded in ihosi siib-ieporis. 
I The field sketch lieiewiih indicates the positions 
j of the twoarn ies. The (itrraca/ien^t, or low level, 
lerininatcs at Plan del Rio, the sue ol the American 
canrp, from which the road ascends immediately in 
.1 long circuit among lofily hills, whose comminil- 
ins points had all been fortified and garrisoned 
oy the enemy. His right, entrenched, rested on a 
precipice overhanging an impaisable ravine that 
forms the bed of the stream *, and his ciUrench- 
inents extended cnniiiiuously to the road, on which 
was placed a formidable battery. On the oilier 
side, the lofty and difficult height of Cerro Gordo 
commanded the approaches in all directions. The 
main body of the Mexican army was encamped on 
evel ground, with a bailery of five pieces, half a 
mile in rearofthal height towards Jalapa. 

Kesolving, if po.isible, to turn the enemy's left, 
and aliRck in rear, while menacing or engaging htn 
front, I caused daily reconnoissanccs to be pushed 
wiih ihe view of finding a route for a force to de- 
bouch on the.lalapa road nnd cut off retreat. 

The leconnoisaance begun by Lieutenant Beau- 
regard, was continued by Captain Lee, engi ;eer«, 
and a road made along difficult slopes and over 
chasms — out of the enemy's view, though reached 
by his fire when discovered — until, arriving at the 
.Mexican lines, further reconnoissance became im- 
possible without an action. The desired point of 
debouchure, the Jalapa road, was not therefore 
reached, though believed to be within easy distance; 
and to gain that point, it now became necessary to 
carry the height of Cerro Gordo. The dispositions 
111 my plan of batt e — general orders No. Ill, 
heretofore enclosed — were ae.cording'y made. 

Twigg's division, reinforced by Shield's brigido 
of volunteers, was thrown into position on the 17ih, 
and was, of necessity, drawn into action in taking 
up the ground for its bivouack and Ihe opposing 
height for our heavy battery. It will be seen that 
nmiiy of our officers and men wore killed or wound- 
ed in this sharp combat, handsomely onmmenced 
by a company of the 7th infantry under Brevet 
Pirst Lieutenant Gardner, who is highly praised by 
all his commanders for signal services. Colonel 
Harney coming up with the rifle regiment and Islnr- 



you are the arbiters of the f te of our country. It 
our country is to be defemlcd, it will lie you who 
will slop the triumphant march of the enemy who 
occupies Vera Cruz. If the enemy advance one 
step more, the national independence will be buried 
in the abyss of ihe past. 

I am resolved logooul and encounter ihe enemy. 
What is life worih, ennobled by the national grati- 
tude, if the counlry suffers under a censure, the 
Slain of which will rebound upon the forehead ol 
evcrv Mexican.' 

My duly is to sacrifice myself, and I well know 
how to fulfil It! Perhaps the American hosts may 
proudly tread the imperial capital of Azieca. I 
v^ill never witne.ss such an opprobiium, for lam 
decided first to die fighiing! 

The momentous crisis has atlengih arrived lo 
the Mexican Republic. It is as glorious lo die 
fighiing as it is infamous to decl.ire one's self con- 
quered without a siruggle, and by an enemy who.-e 
rapacity is as far removed from valor as from gen- 
erosity. 

Mexicans! you have a religion — protect it ! You 
have honor — then free yourselves fr. in infamy ! You 
love your wives, your children — then liberate them 
fiom American brutality ! But it must be actioii — 
not vain entreaty nor barren desires — with which 
the enemy must be ojiposcd. The national cause 
is infinitely just, although God appears to have 
abandoned us; but His ire will be appeased when 
we present, as an expiation of our errors, the sen- 
timents of true patriotism and of a sincere union. 
I'hus the Almighly will bless our efforts, and we 
will be invincible! for ag.iinst the decision of eight 

millions of Mexicans, of what avail are the efforts lillery (also parts of his brigade) brushed away 
of eight or ten millions of Americans, when op- thecnemy and occupied the height; on which, ' 
posed by the fill of Divine justice. night, was placed a bauery of one 24-pounder and 

Perhaps 1 speak to you for the last time! 1 pray two 24-poiind howitzers, under the superintendence 
you listen to mc! Do not vacillaie between death of Capiain Lee, engineers, and Lit 
and slavery; and if the enemy conquer you, at ordnance. These guns opened next mornin?, and 
least they will respect the heroism ol your icsisi- were served with effect by Capiain Slepto 
ance. It is now time that the common defence Lieutenant Brown, 'M artillery. Lieutenant Hag- 
should alone occupy your thoughts! The hour ol ner, (ordnance,) and Lieutenant Seymour, Istartil- 
sacrifice has sounded its approacU I Awaken! A ery. 

tomb opeiiB it.«elf at your feet I Conquer a laurel The same night, with extreme toil and difficulty, 
to repose on it. under the superintendence of Lieu 

The nation has not yet lost its vitality ! I n wear engineers, and Lie tenant Laidley, ordnance, an 
to you 1 will answer for the triumph of Mexico, it eight-inch howitzer was put in position across iha 
unanimous and sincere efforts on your part seiond river and opposite lo the enemy's right batteiy. 
my desires. Happy will havs been — a thousand detachment of four companies under Major B'lrn- 
times happy — the unfortunate event at Vera Cruz, liam. New York voliinieeis, performed ihisoiediia- 
if the destruction of that city may have served to ble service, which enabled Lieutenant Ripley, 2d 
infuse inlo the Mexican breast the dignity and ihe artillery, in charge of the piece, to open u iimely 
generous ardor of a true patriotism! Thus will : fire in that quarter. 

lliB country have been indubitably saved; but If! Early on the 18th the cftumns moved to the 
the country succomb, she will bequeath her op- 1 general attack, and our success was speedy and de" 
probriutn and her c?nauro lo those egotists whoicisive. Pillow's brigade assaulting the right of the 



THE SIGNAL 



51 



entrenchments, although compel'eJ to reiiio, liuil 
the effect heretofore stated. Twiirg's division 
storming the strong nnd vital point of "Cerro Gordo, 
pierced The centre, gained command of all the en- 
trenchments, nnd cut them off from support. A: 
our infHntry (Colonel Riley's brigade) pushed on 
against the main body of tiie enemy, the guns ot 
Iheir own furt were rapidly turned to play on tUui 
force, (under the immediate command of Geneml 
Santa Anna,) who fled in confusioi;. Shield's bri- 
gade, bravely assaulting the left, carried the rcai 
battery (five guns) on the Jalapa ri«id,and aided 
materially in completing the rout of the enemy. 

The part taken by the remainder of our forces, 
held in reserve to support and pursue, has already 



bee 



;iced. 



The moment the fate of llie day was decided, the 
cavalry, and Taylor's, and Wall's field batteries 
were pushed on towards Jalapa in advance of tht 
pursuing columns of infantry — Twigg'a division, 
and brigade of Shields, (now under Colonel Ba- 
ker)— and iMajor General Patterson was sent to 
take command of them. In the hot pursuit many 
Mexica s were captured or slain before our men 
nnd horses were exhausted by the heat and distance. 

The rout proves to have been complete — the re- 
treating army, except a small body of cavalry, be- 
ing dispersed and utterly disorganized. Tlie im- 
mediate consequences have been our possession of 
this important city, the abandonment of the works 
and artillery at- La Hoya, the next formidable pas.'- 
between Vera Cruz and the capital, and the prompi 
occupation by Worth's division of the fortress of 
Perote, (second only to San Juan d'Ulloa,) with 
its extensive armament of sixty-six guns and mor- 
tars, and its large supplies of materiel . To Gener- 
al Worth's report, annexed, I refer for details. 

I have heretofore endeavored to do justice to the 
skill and courage with which the attack on tht 
height of Cerro Gordo was directed and executed, 
naming the regiments most distinguished, and their 
commanders, under the lead of Colonel Harney. 
Lieutenant G. W. Smith led the engineer company 
as part of the storming force, and is noticed with 
distinction. 

The reports of this assault make favorable men- 
ti.-in of many in which 1 can well concur, having 
witnessed the daring adv.-ince and pf.rfect.<!teadines^ 
of the whole. Besides those already named. Lieu- 
tenant Brooks, 3d infantry, Lieutenant Macdonald, 
2d dragoons. Lieutenant Vandorn, 7th infantry — 
all acting staff officers — Captain Magruder, 1st ar- 
tillery, and Lieutenant Gardner, 7th infantry, seem 
to have won especial praise. 

Colonel Riley's brigade and Talcott's rocket and 
howitzer battery, were engaged on and about the 
heights, and bore an active part. 

The brigade so gallantly led by General Shields, 
and, after his fall, by Colonel Baker, deserves high 
commendation for its fine behavior and success 
Colonels Foreman and Burnett, and Major Harris, 
commanded the regiments; Lieutenant Hammond, 
3d artillery, and Lieutenant Davis, Illinois volun- 
teers, constituted the brigade staff. These opera- 
tions, hid from my view by intervening hills, were 
not fully known when my first report was hastily 

Brigadier General Twiggs, who was in the im- 
mediate command of all the advanced forces, has 
earned high credit by his judgment, spirit, and 
energy. 

The conduct of Colonels Campbell, Haskell, and 
Wynkoop, commanding the regiments of Pillow's 
brigjde, is reported in terms of strong approbation 
by JMajor General Patterson. I recommend for a 
commission, (iuartermaster Sergeant Henry, of the 
7lh infantry, (already known to the army for in- 
trepidity on former occasions,) who hauled down 
the national standard of the Mexican fort. 

In expressing my indebtedness for able assistance 
to Lieutenant Colonel Hitchcock, acting in.'spector 
general, to Majors Smith and Turnbull, the respec- 
tive chiefs of engineers and topographical en- 
gineers — to their assistants, Lieutenanis Mason, 
Beauregard,- Stevens, ;Tower, Q. W. Smith, Mc- 
Clellan, engineers, and Lieutenants Derby and 
Hardcasile, topographical engineers — to Captain 
Allen, chief quartermaster, and Lieutenant Blair, 
chief commissary — and to Lieutenants Hagncrand 
Laidley, ordnance — all actively employed — I am 
impelled to make special mention of the services of 
Ceptain R. E. Lee, engineers, Thts officer, greatly 



[We must apologize to Ihc author antj 
publisheis of Mansfield's Life of Sco't 
for making so largo a draft on that valuabU 
work in our present number. But the in- 
terest which is exciteii by the approach- 
ing annivcrfary of the batlle of Lundfs 
Lane, makes it n(?cessary for us to present 
the best account we can find of that event, 
and we have therefore availed ourselves 
of Mr. Mansfiklb's animated descrip- 
tion.] 

From Mansfield's Life of Scolt. 

BAl'TLE OF LUNDY'S 1>ANI^. 

July 27, 1814.— .Jniericaii Jlrmy crosst) llu Clt'ij)- 

pewa. — Demonstration tmoards Burlinglon lUii^Uti. 

Buttle of JViuffnra.— ScoH ieoiinJed and disublid. 

The army of the north had scarcely rested from 

its labors at Chippewa, when it was called lo the 

still more sanguinary field of Niagara. The second 

day after the battle of the 5th, the American troops 

farced their way over Chippewa river. In this, 

Scott's brigade led, and the enemy retreated before 



distinguished at the siege of Vera Cruz, was again 
ndefatigable, during theeo operations, in recon- 
loissances ."(e daring as laborious, and of the utmnsi 
value. Nor was he less conspicuous in plantin- 
Uaiteries, and in conducting c.ilumns to their stii- 
'ions under tlic hc-.-ivy fire of the enemy. 

My personal staff, Lieutenants Scott, Williams, 
ind Lay, and Mrtjor Van Burcn, who volunteered 
er the occasion, gave nie zealous and efficient lus- 
■iistance. 

Our whole force present, in action and in ro.-<ervc, 
was 8,500 ; the enemy is estimated at 12,0U0, or 
more. About 3,000 prisoners, 4 or 5,000 stands ol 
irms, and 43 pieces of artillery, were taken. By 
(he accompanying return, I regret to find our loss 
nore severe than at first supposed, amounting in 
the two days to 33 officers and 398 men— in all 431, 
of whom 63 weiekllleil. The enemy's loss is com- 
puted to be from 1,000 to 1,200. 

I am happy in communicating strong hopes f(n 
ihe recovery of the gallant Gentral Shields, who is 
-10 much improved as to have been brought to thit 
place. 

Appended to this report are the following papers 

A. General return by name of killed and 
wounded. 

B. Copiesof report of Lieutenant Colonel Hitch- 
cock, acting inspector general, (of prisoners taken) 
and accompanying papers. 

C. Report of Brigadier General Twiggs, ami 
^nb-reports. 

D. Report of Major General Patterson, and re- 
ports of brig:>de commanders. ' | 

E. Copy of report of Brigadier General Worth, 
announcing the occupation by his division of ihi I 
castle and town of Perote, with an inventory nt """' 

ordnance there found. After the campaign of 1813, Fort Mess.i^nuga 

I have the honor to remain, sir, with high respect, ] was erected near the mouth of Niairara rivr r and 
your most obedient servant, I,,, ,,, .„ 

idded to the defences of Fort George. These forts 
General Riall, the British. commander, reinforced, 
and then retired to Burlington Heights, near the 
head of Lske Ontario. It was the object of Gen- 
eral Brown to capture these defences before com- 
mencing any ulterior operations. To accoinpiish 
ihis, he sent to Sackett's Harbor for heavy can- 
ffice to subscribe for the'VVeekly Mirror. In the I'lon. v'hich were to have been transported by 
course of conversation he stated that he was a "re- ihe American vessels. At this time, however, Com- 

lurned volunteer from the Mexican war," and, in-; j . /-i, i - i i .i , , 

stead of loafing about New Yotk and beeging alms 1'"°''°^'= Chauncey lay sicK, and the enemy had a 
..f the corporation of the city and the legislaiure ol ; iiio'"<=n'-'>i'y superiority on the lake. The inien- 
he State, he had been off to Wisconsin, bought a jtions of the commander, therefore, in regard to 
ofZ'e ZT,i ' H l^trX ^;:, t^g^r m~ ! "- '^^'^ «' "- -°-> "f "- Niagara, were disap- 
and manly determination to fight his own way|po'"'«d. 

through the world, interested us at once, and on \ General Brown determined then to attack Bur- 
bidding him good-byd, as he left the office, we re-j,; heights; but. to induce the enemy to dc- 
marked, "we shall next hear Irom you as a mem- , / - 
ber of the legislature." scend, and at the same time draw a small supply of 
This morning we had a visit from Ihe young inan, provisions from Schlosser, he masked his Inlcn- 
whose first words were: ' 'Your prediction has bee., ,;„„ ^ feigning a retreat up the Niagara, recros.- 
fulfilled. I have been a member of the legislature , , „, . ° , ' , " 
a clerk of the house." "How are your poll- ed the Chippawa, and encamped, 
"we asked. His reply was, '■lam a Demo- Had this movetvitnt failed to 
, but, out of gratitude for one who saved my Lish troops from the Heights, 
life, (shall vote for Scott." . ' . , ,, .' , „^ , 
"How is thai?'' "®^ ^ ^^ " ^^ ^ 5' °' '''^''' ""'' -°" '''* ^"''^ '" 
"Why, sir, when I was lying on the stone Hour 'send Scott forward by the road from Giucenslown, 
the hospital at Jalapa, parched with fever and land force Riall to action, no matter how strongly 
covered with sores, with no one to look after me, | he might be posted. Events determined otherwise, 
Gen. Scott came in and went around amongoll the land what was meant to be a day of rest was con- 
sick and wounded. He came to ine and asked i!" verted into the most active and bloody day of the 
I was wounded. I told him I was not, but I was|campaign. 

very sick, and could not live many days. "Don'il In the afternoon of the 25th, amidst general 
talk so," said the General. He then asked mo if I relaxation. General Brown received a note "from a 
■was well tended- I told him I had no attention at all 'colonel of militia, who.ie regiment occupie<l iwo or 
He then stooped down, lifted up my feeble arm, i three posts on the American side of the Niagara, 
ftit of my pulse, examined my fev. r sores, and -stating in the most prcci.--c terms ihat ihe enemy 
sett for the surgeon and u.<ked him why 1 was thus | had thrown a thousand men acro!5s from Q.ieens- 
neglected. The surgeon sent for his a.ssistant, who, town to Lewiston, nine miles below the Chippewa, 
in turn, sent for the steward of the hospital. The | fir some object not exactly understood. Brown 
General chnrged them to take good care of me, jconjeciured that ihcre was an intention to capture 
and, on leaving, told me, if they did not lo repori jour magaziaes at Schlosser, and to intercept sup- 
at once to him. So you see, sir, he s.ived my life I plies coming down from Buffalo. In nrdt-r lo re- 
by his kindness, as he did hundreds of others, and Icall him from this object, Brown immediaiely 
I should be a scoundrel not to vote for him. They determined lo threaten tlic t'orts at the mouth of the 
say he is proud. So he is on horseback— on the Niagara. In less than twenty minuies Scott's 
baUle-field he is Major General Scott; but off. he is 1 command was put in motion for that purjiose. His 
a kind-hearted, huiiiane man." ; force consisted .of four .smill battalions, under 

This is a true story, and a story to lell- | Colonel Brady, and Majors Jesap, Leavenworth, 



WINFIELD SCOTT. 
Hon. Wm. L iMarct, 

Secretary of H'cir. 

The PRotjD Genekal.— The New York Mirn 
tells the following story: 
Some four years ago a young man called at oi 



hdraw the Bri- 
ms intended to 



52 

and M'Neil; Captain Towson's arlilleiy and Cap- 
tain Harris's detatchment of regular and volunteer 
cavnliy , in all amounting to thirteen hundred men. 
There was not time to call in the guards which 
belonged to those corps. 

Abnut two miles from the camp, and just above 
the r.vll.= Srott discovered a few British officers, 
mounted' who, as it turned out, were in advance to 
reconnoitre, and soon learned that the enemy was 
m some little force below, and only inlerccpted 
from ihe view by a narrow wood. 

In this situation, Scott for a moment reflected 
on what course should be pursued. He was 
structed to march rapidly on the forts, under p. 
tive infornmtion (sriven as we have narrated ^•j 
General Browe,) that Riall had, three hours belore, 
thrown half his force across the Niagara, lietlect- 
ing that the wKole had been beaten on the 5tli inst. 
he lost no time in reconnoitring, but dashed for- 
ward to disperse what he thought was the remnant 
of the British army opposed to him. 

Afier dispatchinj; Assistant Adjutant-General 



THE SIGNAL 



bow of promise furnished the inspirati 
with the colors of beauty. 
The line which now opened its fire i 



ipon 



.Tones I 



iin with the information that 
in from, he proceeded to pass the 
woodTiust beiow Forsythe'.s house. There he was 
greatly a=:toni3hed to find, directly in front, drawn 
uoin order of battle, on Lundy's Lane, a larger 
force even than that he had encountered at Chippe- 
wa twenty days before. The position he was m 
was extremely critical. To stand fast was out ot 
the question, being already under a heavy fire o 
tne enemy's artillery and musketry, lo retreat 
was equally hazardous; for there is always, in 
suchaca^e, the probability of confusion, and,i" 



danger of creating a panic i 



the re- 
serve, llien snpposeu lo be'comTng-'up, and which 
had not been in the previous battle, 

Scott saw that no measure but one of boldness 
would su.cecd. He therefore determined to 
tain the battle against superior numbers and 
tion till Ihe reserve came up, thus giving G 
Riall the, ulf-a that the whole American army was 
at hand. This would prevent him from profiting 
bv his numerical siren"lh to altack our flanks and 
rear. ' Ho u„.M .l,ns"|nse .|,e ini 



natter of 



the enemy 



of hope post, and had the satisfactio 
last effort repulsed." 
-Scott, The crisis of this engagement was the moment 
when the enemy'.'! battery, which, from its poEititin, 
commanded the field of action, was stormed by 
Miller's regiment. The diagram exhibits the jiu- 
sition of the troops at that moment. This charge 
was onq of the finest achievements of the Americati 
army. General Brown said to the gallant Miller— 
"Sir, can you take that battery.'" " 1 will try.' 
was the reply of the bluff soldier— a phrase now 
become familiar to all American lips. Scott, who 
was perfectly acquainted with the ground, conduct- 
ed Miller, in the- darkness of the night, some dis- 
tance, till he had the right direction. He then re- 
lumed to renew the attack in front, in order to favor 
the movement of Miller. 

The enemy's battery being taken, and the iidge 
previously occupied by the eneniy being gained, 
the American army changed position. It was now 
drawn up r.earfy at right angles to the lane, with 
its back to the river. Scott was on the right, Rip- 
tt-e centre, and Porter, with the militia, on the 
n this new position the American line generally 
acted on the defensive. The British desired to re- 
over the ground they had lost, and made several 
assaults; these were as often repulsed, but the ene- 
my would againbuy and return to the charge. 

It was in one of these contests General I^'"'"^" 
had last seen Seott. About that lime the latter had 
twice formed small portions of his brigade into 
column, advanced, charged the British line, also 
advancing, pierced it, and compelled it to fall back. 
In such a battle, with such impetuous courage, 
Scott was necessarily exposed to all the dangers of 
the field. Two horses were killed under him. In 
the midst of the action he was wounded in the side. 

. ._^ _ , , At eleven o'clock in the night he was disabled, by 

of Drummond's reinforcements a wound from a musket ball through the left shoul 



kept on 



line 1 



!.,,rk to Gene- 
V, rll as Major 
.-,. The first 

ent thrown over 

form the Gene- 

sh 

hasten 



In the mean wliil - ■ 

ral Brown, Lieutennni i 

Jniies, to report the i "i 

w.as to report that the :<.ii ■ ' 

manoeuvring to protect thcdctacl 

tie JNiagara; the second was to 

ral, that so far from being diminished, the Br 

ermy was actually reinforced, and Ihns 

up the reserve. 

On the British side the facts were the.s« 
ni.-'ht before, the night of the 21th, Lieutcn 
General Sir Gordon Drummond had ai rived 
the British fleet, at the mouth of the Niagara, \ 
a large reinforcement from Kingston and Pres( 
This was wholly unknown to Gcneial Cro 
Drummond had, in advance, sent instruciion 
Riall to meet him on the 25ih on the Niagara, 
cordingly, Riall had marched dow 



■ed that Scott was to take on thi 
'iCtii." He had come to Queenstown without put 
til g a man across the Niag:ira. He had conlinuei 
his'route, as the advance of Drummond's army 
towards the falls. On the way he had already bee 
joined by two of the battalions whir.h had just 
come up in the fleet. The others arrived success- 
ively, at intervals of half an hour or an hour, after 
the action had commenced. 

The battle began about forty minutes before sun- 
KCt, and, like its predecessor at Chippewa, was the 
closing drama of a long and warm summer's day. 
Like that, too, it signalized among the affairs of 
men a spot which in the world of nuture had been 
rendered illustrious by one of the great and glori- 
ous works of God. When the battle was about 



the distance of one hundred and fifty paces, was 
already eighteen hundred strong. U was well post- 
ed in Lundy's Lane, a ridge nearly at right angles 
with the Niagara river, a little below the cataract. 
Its left was on the road parallel to the river, with a 
space covered with brushwood, of some two hun- 
dred yards, between. Scott, observing this inter- 
val, soon ordered Major Jesup, sustained by Col- 
onel Brady, to take advantage of it, and, concealed 
by the bushes and twilight, to turn the enemy's 
left. The other battalions had been before promptly 
deployed into line, and the action joined by it 
(Brady on the right) and Towson's artillery. Ihe 
small detachments of cavalry on both sides were 
held in reserve. The enemy, finding_ aftei 
time that he outflanked us on the left, threw for- 
ward a battalion to take us in flank and rear. Scott, 
although with inferior numbers, caused this move- 
ment to be promptly met and repelled by Major 
M'Neil's battalion, but with great loss on both 
sides. At the same moment the action in front 
was desperately contested by Brady, now in line, 
and by Leavenworth and Towson. Major Jesup had 
succeeded in his movement. He had taken Major 
General Riall, and several pther officers, prisoners, 
and tBSn gallantly charged back, (cutting off a por- 
tion of the enemy's left wing,) reappearing, and 
resuming his position in line. 

The battle had commenced before sunset, llie 
twilight had gone, and the action was continued 
into the night. It was nine o'clock. The enemy's 
right had been beaten back from its flank assau 
with great loss- His left was turned and cut of 
His centre alone remained firm; it was posted on 
rido-e, and supported by nine pieces of artillery 
Another battalion of Drummond's reinforcem 
had already arrived, and a fourih was only a few 
miles behind. Such was the state of the field when 
Major General Brown arrived, a litllein advance ol 
our reserve. He insisted on having all the particu- 
lars, reported to him previously by the detached 
stafl" officers mentioned, explained and confirmed to 
him by the lips of Scott. At this point General 
Brown in his official report takes up the narrative, 
from his own personal observation. We select a 
few extracts in continuance of the history. 

After speaking of Scott's brigade, and its position 
in the first part' of the battle, he says: "Appre- 
hending that these corps were much exhausted, and 
knowing that they had suflTered severely, I deter- 
mined to interpose a new line with the advancing 
tioops, and thus disengage General Scott, and ho d 
his brigade in reserve. Orders were accordingly 
"iven to General Ripley. The enemy's artilUry at 
This moment occupied a hill, which gave him great 
In the advantages, arid was the key to the whole position. 
It was supported by a line of infantry. To secure 
the victory it was neces.^ary to carry the artillery 
and seize the height. This duty was assigned to 
Colonel Miller. 

"He (Colonel Miller) advanced steadily and gal- 
lantly to his object, and carried the height and the 
cannon. General Ripley broughtup theS.Sd, which 
had faltered, to his support, and the en^my disap- 
peared from before them. * 
rallying his forces, and, as is 



leyi 



Th: 



to begin, just as ll 
fromlhe west, the 
tiiuially goes up 



iir his red beams 



upon the spray, which co 
incense, from the dee 

^,., _ ^ in. The bright light was d 

videii into Its primal hues, and a rainbow rosefrom 
the waters eiicirclii)" the head of the advancing 
column, in a more°su|.erstitious age such a sign 
would have been regarded, like the Roman augu- 
ries, as a precursor of victory. Even now tbia 



Hying his forces, and, as is believed, having re 
ceived reinforcements, now attempted to drive u; 
from our position and regain his artillery. On 
line was unshaken and the enemy repulsed. '1 wo 
other attempts, having the same object, had the 
same issue. General Scott was again engaged in 
repelling the former of these; and the last I .saw of 
him on the field of battle, he was near the head of 
his column, and giving to its march a direction that 
would have placed him on the enemy's right. 
St ♦ * » • » » "Having been for some time 
wounded, and being a good deal exhausted by loss 
of blood, it became my wish to devolve the com- 
mand on General Scott, and retire from the field, 
but on inquiry, I had the misfortune to learn that 
he was disabled by wounds;* 1 therefore kept my 

•This was a mistake. Scott had been b.idly 
wounded an hour before, but not yet disalded. 
Having lost a second horse, he was now on foot, 
.-nd was finally laid prostrate by a ball ihrough the 
left shoulder joint, just at the close of the battle. 
Brown was taken from the field a few minutea ear- 



His aid. Lieutenant Worth, and his brigade 
major. Smith, were also both severely wounded. 

The contest closed by the possession of the field 
of battle by the Americans, and the capture of the 
enemy's cannon. 

The world has seen mightier armies moved over 
more memorable fields, and followed by louder 
notes of the far-resounding trumpet of fame ; but a 
bloodier scene for those engaged, a severer trial of 
courage and of discipline, or one whose action was 
closely associated with the sublime and beau- 
tiful in nature, the world has not seen. The armies 
were drawn out near the shores of that rapid river 
whose current mingles lake with lak:. Hard by 
was that cataract whose world of waters pishes 
over the precipice, and, rushing, roars into the gulf 
below! The ceaseless spray rises up like incense 
to the Eternal Father! The beams of sun, and 
moon, and stars, fall ceaselessly on that spray, and 
are sent back in many-colored hues to the source 
of li°-ht! So was it when, wheeling into the field 
of battle, the slant beams of the setting sun, return- 
in" from the spray, encircled the advancing column 
with rainbow colors! The sun went down, to 
many an eye, no more to rise on earth! 

With the darkness came the greater rage of bat- 
tle—charge aner charge was made. For a time the 
faint beams of the moon struggled with the smoke, 
ard gave a little light to the combatants, but it was 
but little. The moon itself became obscured, and 
light, save the rapid flashes of musket and can- 
non, pierced the lie.avy clouds. 

The fight raged in the darkness of the night. 
From the height on the ridge the battery of the i 
enemy still poured its deadly fire. ^ j 

It was then that the gallant Miller said, "i will 
try " It was then that Scott piloted his column 
through darkness to Lundy's Lane. It was then 
that brave regiment charged to the cannon's mouth. 
The battery was taken.. The victory rests with 
the American army. 

It was midnight. The battle is ended. The 
army, faint and weary, drags itself from the bloody 
plain. The well sink to their couch to dream of 
homes far away! The wounded groan in then- 
painful hospitals. The dead rest till the last irum- 
pet shall summon them to the last array ! The war- 
rior, with his garments rolled in blood, has left the 
scene of struggles, pains, and death! Some kind 
friend may have sought him, whether alive or 
dead; but the war drum had ceased to beat; the ar- 
tillery ceased to roll ; and now the solemn, sonorous 



tiil: signal 



53 



fall of Niagara is to the dead their requiem, and to 
the living their song of glory ! 

The battle of Niagara has been, hy mistake o: 
accident, commonly called in the United States thi 
battle nf Bridgewater. In the official report of th( 
British General it was called the battle of Lundy': 
Lane. It has been usage, however, to call a battle 
or other important event, from the most remarka 
ble object near the scene of action. Fought, as thi: 
battle was, near that mighty cataract which makes 
one of the wonders of nature on either side of the 
Atlantic; fought, too, with a courage and a con- 
stancy worthy of such an association, why should 
'it not be riamed from those loud sounding v/aters' 
Let it then be called The Battle of Niagara. 
Let the memory of the dead, and the fame of the 
living, roll on with those waters to the dtstanj 
future ! 

brand Scott Rally, 

Commtnnoration of the BattU of Niagara , at iVi- 
agara Falls, Tutsday and IVedtiesday, Julu 27i/i 
and 2S(A. 



The people of the northcrr 
Slates having- manifested a e 
eire to celebrate the annive 
Lundy's Lane, a preliininar' 
from the countica of the Sta 



frontier of the United 
rong and general de 
rsary of the battle of 
' meeting of delegates 
te of New York, ad 



joining the frontier, was held at Niagara Falls, on 
the 8ih day of July, and committees appointed to 
make the necessary arrangements. The battle of 
Niagara was the most thorough test wbii li has ever 
been presented of the ability of American soldiers, 
as well as of the volunteer militia, 
lar army, (o combat honorably and successfully 
the best disciplined and most efficient ve 
the bravest European race. 

To the citizen soldiery of tlie Union the 
sary is that of their proudest recollections. Tf.cy 
will be represented by various independent roui- 
panieaofNew York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michi 
i:an, and other States. A cordial welcome is here- 
by tendered to volunteer corps from every section 
of our country who may attend the celtbralion. 
The survivors of the conHicts at Port Erie, Chip- 
pe,wa, Lundy's L:inc, and the various battleson the 
Niafjara line will reorganize the remains of the 
«halter<d an«i thinned b.ittahons in honor of their 
frallant commander and their departed comrades. 
We hope to meet those who, at a later day, illus- 
trated their valor and patriotisin, by service under 
llie same great leader in the march and the battles 
between Vera Cruz ami Ih.- my ot M"xico. 

Civic and pohu. ,.1 -i i: Hj-houtthe 

nation arcinviu-i .,, and it 

is hoped that t\' I V ■.■-A. Ar- 

rangcments will iir ii, , ;. :, i :■■ 1,1. i commit- 
tees with thcscverui riiliiiiici iiiio si. ainouat cuiTi- 
paiiiea lor the transportation of those who may 
unite in the commemoration at reduced rates <f 
fare. The committees will do all in their power 
to secure accommodation for individuals; they 
sity, from 



will, however, bo under t 

great concourse anticipated, of recom"mcndinj» 
each district organization to make provisiun in 
tents and camp equipage for its shelter and ra. 
tions. Well shaded ami watered camping ground 
will be provided by the committee of arrange- 
ments. 

Distinguished speakers from all sections of our 
land will t^e inviied, whose names will be an- 



Elections —The Presidential election takes 
place on* the 2d of November next; previous to 
which elcrJ,ions for members of Congress will take 
place in ilie following States; 



Alabama 


. -Aug. 2 


Mil 


no 


Indiana 


...Aug. 2 


(; 






...Aug. 2 








...Auii. 2 


i 






..Aug 2 






Missouri 


...Aug. 2 




li. CaiLii 


North Carolin 


a..Au|.5 


Oh 


u 


Tennessee 


...Aug. 6 


Pe. 


nsylvani 
[New Yo 




...Sept. 7 





Scott Enthusiasm.— Persons were here from a 
distance of fifty miles on last Monday, and they 
spoke of the demonstrations of enthusiasm which 
they have seen, and think that it will be a hard 
matter to find enough of the feaihcred tribe left for 
seed after the Scott boys are through with their 
"hasty soup."— Conii«-«ri;.'e (/a.) Timfs, July 9. 



From Ike RepnWc of July 21'. 
The Pierce F.vplosluii. 

We republish this morning from the Union 
of the 2Uih instant an article, with cprtain let 
ters and extracts from newspapprs nnncy, ,!. in 
relation to the reports of an allri;,..! ,: . : . : 
General Pierce, made at New I! , 1 . 

2(1 of January last, taken fruin the .M, ■ : 1 
Democrat ami the Concord I)niin,i,ii, W,. 
desire to place the whole Kiaii.r l;urlv uul inlly 
before the public, that they in ly l.irin ilirn own 
conclusiiiiis on all the evident.<_ aiUlui:i;il 011 both 
sides. 

The Union charges the llepuhlic with being 
engaged in a conspiracy against General 
Pierce, and resorts to harsh terms and expres- 
sions, which prove nothing except the exceed- 
ing alarm of that journal at the expusiliun of 
General Pierce's home opinions in regard to 
slavery. "Infainous conspiracy" is easily said. 
What are the facts? 

We received from a correspondent at the 
North two extracts from the Concord Demo 
ci-at, and llie Manchester Democrat, purport- 
ing to give an account of the speech lo which 
we have above referred. The papers which 
we quolid were printed months before General 
Pierce received the nomination of the Balti 
more Convention, and at a time when it was 
nut imagined that the opinions of tliat gentle- 
man would possess any interest beyond his im- 
mediate neighborliood. We were assured by 
our correspondent that there was no doubt of 
their accuracy; that they had never been contra 
dieted or questioned, though they appeared im- 
mediately after the delivery of the speech, and 
one of them in a well-known newspaper, pub 
lished in the town of General Pierce's rcsi 
dence. All this furnished strong, and to our 
mind satisfactory, yrrtHmyacte evidence of their 
accuracy. We relied on the authority of itoo 
contemporaneous reports, given to the public 
through two different channels, one under the 
very eye of General Pierce, at a time of high 
political excitement, and neither of them pub- 
licly contradicted either by General Pierc 
himself, by any one with his authority, or by 
any one present at the meeting at which the 
speech was delivered. Of these facts we were 
assured. Nothing has yet appeared to sh' 
that there was any contemporaneous public 
denial of the correctness of these reports, or 
«rti/ denial of them, until they were rcjniblished 
long subsequently to the nomination of General 
Pierce by the Baltimore Convention. 

Under these circumstances we were juslified 
ill believing Ihem to be true, though they came 
from a wing of the Democracy to which (ien- 
eral Pierce was opposed, but which was 
largely represented among the friends of his 
nominatiiin — by the Van Purens, P. Kikg, 
Fi.oYU, Rantoul, Moi.opfY, H. B. Stanton, 
Dix, Ca.mi'bell of Illinois, the New York 
Post, the Albany .itlas, and the thousands of 
Democrats who united with Giddings and 
Chase in the support of JVIartik Van Uuren, 
n 1848, as the Presidential nominee of the 
Buffalo Convention. 

So much I'orthe "infamous conspiracy" with 
which we are charged ii making this republi- 
cation. 

As to the "sudden change" of our Presiden- 
tial candidate, it is proper perhaps liiat we 
should say a few words. Whatever may have 
been our personal preferences wilh regard to 
llie Whiu candidate, we said months .ago that 
our condidate was sure to be the nominee of 
the convention, because the nominee of the 
convention would be our candidate. We have 
never written a paragraph which in any wise 
reflected upon any one of the distinguished 
men whose names were presented in connex- 



ih the Presidency on the Whig side, or 
ould prevent us from honorably giving 
le of them our cordial and earnest 6up- 
1 the nominee of the Whig party. Wo 
n a position therefure to accept any can- 
'•^ic of the convention, "with the resolotioiis 
!,,.\ed"-— and we were most happy that a can- 
. l:iii' was presented whose lung life of illustri- 
ous civil and military services jiisity challenges 
not only the gralitiide of his countrymen but 
the admiration of the w'orld. Go where he 
may— to regions however remote — no Ameri- 
can can travel where the- fams of Wi.vfiei.ii 
Scott has not penetrated, orwhore he wimhl fail 
to be proud that such a man had bi^en elevatecJ 
by the suffrages of a free people to lIlc hi"-he«t 
office in their gift. 

We will now con.sider very brnlly the evi- 
dence which has been paraded with such a 
flourish of irnmpels by the Union, touching 
the specific ailcgationa of the Manchesler and 
Concord Democrats. 

First comes the card of one of the Senators 
and two of the Representatives from New 
Hampshire. They were not present at iha 
New Biislon-meeting, and theretore can stale 
nothing of their personal knowledge with re- 
gard to the speech. Their card is of no inter- 
est, except as it vouches for the respectability 
of Mr. Aver and Mr. Gampbki.i,, and denies 
the authority of the two Democrats as "the 
organs of the Abolition faction in New Hamp- 
shire." 

Then follows the letter of Mr. Aver, of 
Manchester, one of the speakers at the New 
Boston meeting. It stales generally that the 
account in question is so false and calniiinioiis 
that there could be nothing more .so. This is 
pretty vague and loose testimony. But Mr. 
Aver goes into specifications. Here his testi- 
mony is good as far as it goes. He says it is 
holly untrue that Mr. Pierce pronounced 
le Fugitive Slave law "contrary to moral 
right." This is the only specific denial of 
uy particular portion of the reports. 
Mr. Aver remembers to have seen the re- 
ports cited by the llcpuhlic at the lime of llieir 
appearance, and they made such an impression 
on hiin thai he conversed with several persons, 
who agreed in pronouncing them "almost en- 
tire fabricalions." Here we have the admis- 
sion of the fact, that has been denied in some 
quarters, that the reports as published in the 
Repnblic did appear in the papers from which 
we quoted them at the time allegi-d. This is 
important. Nor is it less important that though 
General Pierce's friends saw these reports, 
they did not think it prudent or exjiedienllto 
malse any piihlic denial of their ccrreclncni at 
the lime. Notwithstanding the great nolitica) 
excitement that prevailed, and the great im- 
portanee of correcting these alleged pcrvcn-ions 
and fabrications at the time and on the spot, 
several of General Pierce's friends were 
aware of the publications in question, conversed 
alwut xWxu, and II Ihem slide! 

The extracts which Mr. Aver gives from tliu 
Independent Democrat, and the Manchester 
Democrat, of recent dmes-, sliow tli:ii the perfect 
■• ::'■ v-h'-!; !'- I'- ■■ !■- '■■■•.sled in . 

-,New 



Hai.; 




litiun 


journ;'!' • : 




iiiinue 


to stand oiii .■iL'ainst !l 


■ i)'-'.r 


:.■.'■■ iiomma- 


lion, in spite of the 


sadden 


con version of 


Henry B. Stanton an 


.MiBTl. 


V...V BviXF-S. 


As l„ Mr. ('v-n.^K 




■r. it is very 


gener:!' 




iii.t slate ihai 


the V, 




leeling. The 


honov;;;. r . : .' 




niativfs from 


NewHa.i,;;-,:::,r.,au;.r 


r: p;f 


awkward gap 


which this makes in his 


estimon\ 


, have patclieJ 


it by stating that Mr. Campbell was present; 



54 



THE SIGNAL. 



bui we think that Mr. Campbell does nut 
slate his moans of infurmation with suflicieiil 
diiiinetneso and precision it) render hi* losti- 
nioiiy in its present shape of tnuoh intprtsl. 
We should like to see llio (lortion of the letter 
whiili is <;iven in asterisks. Mr. Cahpbell 
himself beeiiisto be aware of the insufficiency 
and inciinclusiveiiess of liia testimony, and 
therefore promises that his correspondent shall 
hear from them again, and that "speedily." 

The publii-ation of the L'liioit proves dis- 
tinctly that the Manchester and Concord Ddti- 
ocrals belong to the Hale wing of the De- 
mocracy in New Hampslitre, and entertain the 
same sentiments in regard to slavery which 
are opt-nlv proteased by the long list of Inde 
pendent IJemocrals who bolted with Stanton js, 
and the Van Bcrkns in 1846, and havo sincB f 
found thoir way back into the true Demo- 
cratic fold hand inhand with Mr. Soi;le, 
Mr. KoRSVTH, aiid the Secessionists, under the 
banner of a Southern Rights nomination and 
the rcsiiliiiions of 179S. The Manchester and 
C.mc-rd Democrats hold fast to their faith, 
whatever it may be; the Vak Bure.ns and 
Ih.ise who act with them have abandoned it. 
•That is the only difference between them. 

The whole publication of the Union is un- 
satisfactory and inconclusive. Mr. Pierce's 
'•.reneral character" on the Compromise ques- ; Campbel 



But Ihat is not the point we now make Wc charge 
(liiit it U a moEt rccklras and wicked assaoU upon 
itho rights of tbo people, tliey have on this great 



•• 3 Resohid. That atlompls at unaulhonzfd in- 
tcrfprciicc. unfriendly at acks, and angry extcro.t 

agitaiionB.hy exciting the pr.jodicesol the slave , „. u,,,- „ ,i,= ,ruili 

hSluinff coinmuniliea. while li.ey may endanger j sectional issue a right to '<,""^^ ''',^^';" '' ,„ .- 
ihe jal^iy of the Union, tend rather to fasten than ' party or any party organ * iich aitempts to d9 
1 jr.i.^h,.r„(a.,f ilipenclnved ' ceivc thfm OD th s poiot, makes itself amenable to 

■^'"r'fooW rt n'a Tr'ritory which shall;. heir jo.t indignation. Much more then.. do.. 
h.reaf.He added to or acquired by .tie United , the pariy P'«-« ''-„t^>" <'|f' P''fr;'^:^^^^ 

„. Jvor of Ihe iranwt promio. lers have been turnislied to us for publication by 

-5. Rcmlvfd, That our Senalors in Congress be : Sen; 
ioMructed, and our Repreaeniatives requested, by | Pea. 
all ixpedicnt and conttilulional means and inea- ; 



Mc 



Hibbard 



principles herein ab.ive set 

!h." 

In view of the sentiments in these resolu- 
tions with regard to the moral, social, and po- 
litical evils of slavery, M)tom"?/io!i.si(/ expressed 



Norris and Hon. 
of New Hampshire: 

v.'ASHiNGTON, July 19,1852. 
To Ihe Edilor of the Union : 

DsAalSia: Here'^'iih we transmit a teller from 
B. F Ayer, esq , of Mancheetcr, New Hampshire, 
and an extract of one from J. M Campbell, esq , 
of the same place, in reUstion to aspeer.h made by 
General Pierce at Now B iston, New Hampshire, 
in December last ; pif tended reporis of which, co- 
pied from twoaholiiion prinis in New Hampshire, 
ppeared in the Republic, and been repu 



; both pn 



endorsemen 

Ayer was one of the 

nw, and, as we arc advised. 



the Democrats of the New "Hampsliire Le- 
gislature, we confess that we are not a little 

surprised at the "scathing indignation" wiih ^ ;,; ,.,h„r tvhi.rn3np,» 

whfch the lf,ao« assails 'lis because we lad j -J^' din ',ther_W^^^^^ ^^^^ 

copied a couple of articles setting forth thai I „, ,1,^ ^^.eti,,^ in ,jues(ion. They are gcnilemen 
General Pierce enlertain:>d similar opinions. I of intelligence and of the highest respectability 
In the list of the yeas on the adoption of these i whose siaiemenu r qu 
resolutions, we find the i.ames of Aveii and j'^;;^tl;^7^/;,« ,_k;,'»^^"^^^^ 

Were these giiiillemen ("^ •^■^''er i ,j^„^ notes of General Pierce's remarks at the 
tiu'iis needed no propping. Bui the t/«io», |, if ihem) the correspondenls-of the New Hamp- 1 You are at liberty to make such use ol these let- 
which is fitrhiing the present battle exclusively shire delegation? We only ask for information, ters as you think pr.>pcr. It will bo seen that they 

on southern and sect'ional ground, forgetting j "^ l^f G^eneKeV^e^srn'kf r/numberoS " 

that there is a North, denies the soundness oil Protn the Union. !,|.,j. certificaies, from the most reliable persons 

General Scott, a Virginian, on the question of [xiie WhJguud Abolition Conspiracy against ' present on tl'at occasion, as we are infonntd, can 
slavery, and on this issue alone, as it seems to ] General IPicrce Fnlly Exposed. at.ci will be fornished, if necessary 

us, presses General Pierce upim the country. . To the end that the /?eo«6iic may see the discred i i'hcpapci 
The t/'iion alleges that General PiEltcE ri-pre- ■ liable prctlicament in which it has pf 

seats, and embodies in his person the sentiment ;''« Pl^y- ^JJTl'^L'!^ri!^ci^l\a.\^\Mo«TZ7n7\B\^nii tol.,,^ ' ...wcdly and bitterly 

of the slave institutions. We admit that if he ; ^/^y '^^f^^'.^^'i';^ agaif.s. S'ral pleTe^ wecall | posed to tu ; . . ,. uA orj;an:zation of the De- 
loses this jirMiiVe he loses every thing. Ilisjus attention" to the. following corr.spondence. | mocraU^c p^^iny^p. o^l^^ 

ii^de ! before aid since his nomination at *a!tiniorfe. 
.„ authority of most respecTableTflenTho oer- I Their character is such as to ren.ler any coniradic- 
lly Aneto ol the matter, -rested" il 
know if the Republic will 



d itsclfand 

ding forth with lis endorsement 

nders of the two principal abolition j' 

of New Hampshire against General Pie-ce, 

its attention" to the following corr.spoi 

ded that he is no general. It is conceded j Three days ago the Reptiblic, satisfied with its wit | 

Ihai his Congressional career is dislinguished j "C'S^'^s, and in defiance of ''■-■ --"- 

only by its negative merits; and if he ' ' ' 

stripped of tho only strong recommendation j 



that IS claimed for him by the Union, il is ob- longei 
vious thai his case is a very hopeless one. | .Meantime 



lion of ibei 

lalKir wlierever their r 
Very respectfully, y 



founded etateii 



1 necessary 



i ask the 



ind : 



Hence the nervousand phrenzied irritation which o^'h*' ""q** , , '' 
his friends display when it is alleged that he ' gO^IJ'^^g^^'^^'^' 
lias made a very unnecessary and very offensive i manifestly iii'i 
cxprcsshin of his personal views in regard to in mind thai 
the institution of slavery. i 

That such personal opinions are not consid ' „„,|^,„ ,„,ou w.-l ... = ^u^.^^^., ...^ ...>„ 

ered inconsistent with fidelity to the Ct)mpri>- , whig a'rg'ans"irut'lc'r'iy wiUiout'lus'tTficittioa'arui 
raise in the State of New Hampshire, and that i excuse. 

Ihey are to some extent entertained by the De- j Unless, in changing its candidate so suddenly ' 
roocracy of that State, we infer Irom the follow- 1"!"' taking _up_ Gen. ral Scott, the Repx.bl->c ha 



r ob< dient servants, 
M. NORlllS. 
HARRY HIBBARD. 
C. H. PEASLEE. 

chesteh, July 15, 1S5-2. 
noticed In a late number 

iiiiunicaf.ons, taken from 

;, published here, and the 
-lilished at Concord, pur- 
, a speech made by (ieti^ 

' „iN.>w Boston. Nothing 



no re<>.dutiuns which (wo leam from the New ii*!,*! joui 



igcd all i 



i must rejoice to kno 



vi.ji jw«i,,«, .4.«=. ..j«.v.. .., .V....--' of the bro^d 
Hampshire Patriot, published at Concord) Uional ground which, from the tirst. General Pii 
were adopted by the Legislature of that Slate has maintained on tho sectional issues and on 
on the -a^d June, 1847, "every nutn elected as I Compromise in all its parts, 
a ;jemoc™< voting in favor of tlum, and nearly j J:^l:;SlZ day'lo /iTp-isU 
a/n/ic 7" C(ici-H/w«3/;me»(4iioJiHs-flsrnj/ls/«/(em." I and exploded calumny on this point agaii 
The italics are the Patriot^: j Democratic candidate, which was incredible 
..,,,.,„ , ,, ... self, which was at oiico and authoritatively 
HtMolcetl by ihe Senale and House of Represer ' ■ 



lit there given of Gc 
I present i ' ' 



ifrom this city, 
driit and subst 
first popu 



md rcme. 



3f his 6;, 



,y the 
as tho 



ing . 



; puign, and was niio at me norae ui joo 
:ulaling, endors- j then the abolition candidate for governe 
g in, a detected Pierce's speech was mainly devoted to a 
lint against the I tioa of the course pursued by hiinse 
incredible in it- ! Democratic parly the year belorc, in 



he lr;8t political cam 
nd was hi Id at the home of John Alwood, 
candidate for gov 

_ iself and 

Democratic parly the year belorc, 

Atwood's nomination lor governor in co.ise- 

iid which I quenceof his opposition to the Compromise mea- 

■ ■■ Bures la the course of his fpe.ch General Pierce 

alluded to the Fugitive Slave law, and made a 

lending them- ; strong argument in support of it. it is wholly on 

, ,._ .„ Binicu to cheat the people | tru'c that he pronounced it contrary to "moral 

measures that iroiy tend towards j „^^^ ^,[ ,|,^jr true judgment and suffrage on the mo- ' i ight;" but, on the contrary, in reply to a question 

mentoua sectional question, by sending forth docu- 1 proposed by an abolitionist present, he said the 

nicnts to bott) eeciiousof the country designed to i present law was the same, in principle and sub- 

Icoufuso and mislead the public, judgment as to | stance, as that which had received the approval of 

I General Pierce's position on that qoestion. Un- j Washington, and many others of the wisest and 

to iay any thing for their own candidate on purest among the founders of the Republic. He 

point— unable to deny that he refused to com I thought that these men wel-e to be consi.ercd as 

himself to the maintenance of tbu Compro- | moral, as coasoientioos, and as patriotic as those 



"1 . lUeolcea by the &™a(e and House of Repreten- \ ^^^^^a, which in lact contradicted its. If, and which 
<a',e.iin General Omrl conventd. That wc regard j „„3 s,,„nped and branded with infamy by the 
the m.tiloiioii of Slavery u, a mor<d. soe,al, and ,,,urcc from which it came! Nor is this all. The 
polU.cat euU, and |ui such wc deeply reeret tls exist \ whig managers in Ih ' 

.n«, nud are willing to concur in all reasonable j 3^,^.^| ,o the same cow 



and ( 

its removal; but wo are unalterably opposed I 
niuvcmcnis having lor their object or probable cl 
fei t the diesolutiuu of our National Union, or th 
violation of our National Constiiution— aConetim 
tionand Union which must be preserved, and whic 
can t'e preserved only by a strict ndhcrcnce to the ! 
•olemn compromiiicB which lie at its foundation. j 

•■2. Retoloed, That tho policy to be pursued in \ mi3c,"in"oVd"r that by standing unpledged'^ he I of the'present day, who were, for political efTect, 
rrferenco to slavery as now existing, ia left by Ihe j might be nominated by the anti slavery agitators 1 constantly storming about slavery, without being 
Cun^litolion with the States within which it exists, I of the Whig party— the Soulhern Whig journals, able to suggest any practicable plan fur its aboli: 
and that it is only as citizens of ouch Statea that 1 -a-c observe, are cordially joining in this abolition- tion. 

Individuals or b^ciiee of men can efficiently or le- ! isl plot to defame Gener.il Pierce by falsely rcprc- 1 The speech was throughout a thoroughly nationul 
giticr.nlely control Ihat policy, apd that it is no i seating him to have used language satisfactory to I speech, and produced a po~erful cfT^^ct. No lull 
part of the duty of our Slate government to le- I the abolitioi.ijts. report of it was published, though a brief abstract. 

ililatc upon the subject of slavery within such | That this is thcvilest and falsest lorm of ji£)at>»aJ of it appeared shortly after in the. l/»i«n De)noc(a| 
HtetM. I attack upon General Pieroo will not be questiomxi. ! of thia city. 



T II R SIGNAL 



lir) 



I recnember «eeiner the reports copied by the Re- 
jtit'ilio when ihey t^ret appeare<1. and convetiinar 
III rcjijard to iheiji with atveral peraore who hoard 
G' neral Pierce's epeoch. All agreed in prononnc- 
irtg them a groaa perversion and almost entire 
Jabriration from beginning to end. Both rfpurtD 
tvidemly wriiten t^y the same individual, 






l.tS fo, 



tli.-ir 



ity. 



B th of ibe papera Iroin which these c< 
CHiiona oretakiii are aa you wrll know 
abolition journals, and have been unap 



joun 

their hnaiiliiy to Gcnpral 
(he prominent mcuibrrsi 
iiiheSute OneofthcDi 
li'ionists some years since 
H. 



e. and. indeed, all 

Democratic parly 

Btdried by the abo 

1 the org-iyi of John P. 



ot abolitioniam which the Republir, or any of ila 
abolition allies, can maiiudiuture or brinjr agninjtt 
him. 

ery ri-spuctfolly, yowr cbedlont »ci 



Hoc. II. lilBE 



DliAIi Sll 



.MAHCHKeTI 



.•le copied fro 
, purp.rt ns 



AYEK. 



ily 15, 13-3. 



esociiitea, and the other was repu- 
diated t>y the Democratic party and turned over to 
the aholitionisia, on account uf its opposition to 
the Cjinpromisc. When it is known how hitler 
and iiow Inquent have been the attacks mude by 
these two Journals upon General Pierce, on account 
o! his open national course on the slavery question, 
every one will bm, it seems to me, how little 
confidence cen be placed iu any such reports as 
the Republic has seen fit to extract Irom their co 
luinns. It is well known to you that on account 
ot his course upon this queeiion he has for a long- 
time been a constant inaik (or the' 
ami abuse. I semi you a few extracts to show the 
spirit they have boch manifepled towards htn. The 
hrai IS Iroiii the Indiptudcnt Democrat of February 
20, 1851 : 

••Ii isotivious to every lnielli<?eni Ulan th^t (or 
one off. nee— opposition to slavery and the Fu»itiv.- 
hiave act— the decree of outlawry against Mr. 
Aiwood haegone forth. For t'lis tie has b . n de. 
noun«'cd, hata-'sed, and brought to the hlocir. For 
no hing- else lias FranKlin PLrce pursued him with 
thecru'-l hearlle,?sness of a famished tiger and the 
cunning niilicc of a demon." 

The next extract is from the same paper, oi.lttne 
24, 1852: 

"General Pierce onthb Right of Petition.— 
The last Naliotiul Era coniHina a car fully-i oiluted 
history ol Gennral Pierce's Conffressional career, 
Bbowing that through the- whole nine y.ar. he 
Be.ved in the House and Senate, ih- right of peti. 
tion— a right oldtr tiinn Magna Cliarti — had bo 
bitterer or more unrelenting opponent than the 
present Hunk, r Demooraiio candidate for Presi 
dint of toe United Slates. Thisi^ noi news to m. 
It is not news to the people oX New Hampshire, in 
whoae memor es the history of their di gradation ai 
thehandsof such men as Athcrton, Pierce, and 
Kuike, is still Iresb. Th-y have not lorgotten thai 
those men earned for the Slate they niieiepresentrd 
the insulting an t treiaonable appellative of 'the 
South Carclina of the North,' than which II were 
difiB-uli to find a name more significant of dis- 
grace and shame. * * "^ * iu thii catalogue 
sianda Geo. ral Pierce. In all the nine years he 
epcni iu Congress, not a thought, word, or ait can 
be found which savors of the slightest regard lor 
civil, religious, or personal libuny. On all ques 
tiotis and all occasions his coorsi; was one of entire 
and unqualified sul «crvii ncy !•. the Sjuth and to 
Blavery. Such it has be< n siocf, nor, we suppose, 
do he or his friends wiah to rimy ihis On this 
ground mainly, of his dec tion to ihe greatest 
wrongthatcur-ea the earih, was ha fir*' brought 
forwaid by the Virginia oelegation, and afterwards 
endorsed by the whole Si uhirn D niocracy, a?a 
pr. per stand^ird-bearer oi (Air principles. On 
Ibis ground he and bis friends expect to see him 
el9ct>d, d elected he shall be, which is very doubt- 



lissuc of lalsehooda Iroin beiiiuung to ei.d; but as 
oihi rs, les.^, lamllior than yourself with New Hainp 
shire poliiici and politicians, cannot be presumed 
to have the eaiiio assurance, I tnclusc two or three 
copies of the laic emissions from tbeabolilion press 
here, lo show the estimation in which Geuiial 
Pierce is heid by that faction at homo. 

You will hear from us again, and speedily. In 
reieience to the N<w Boston meeting. » * » 
Very truly, your 



propli 



Sti.le9, that it could not have liien Kiiranred wlih 
any expectation of lis lie, nj siibmilli d lo by any 
State where regard tu the Inlcierii of »livi ry was 
not paramount to ev.ry other ronaldi ration.' " 

The Intlrpinilrnt D-morrat of J:inu»ry » l'*82. Ih* 
tamtfrimi vii ch tlit R'jnUilic quotti, •^i'l>^' u« l>-l 
lowit of the Dcinocriitic purl}— lh>' Uuukora, aa it 
la plea»(xl to siylelti ineiiibir«: 

••As we Kaid luft week, we dtein it of lll'ln crn- 
s^qtnnce who Ihey nominile 'Prlnrliili*, not 
in.n,' arc to be the issora In the n'xl i l.rii.o.. The 
pie are, nil k and dictiualcd with th>- Honker 
nrt Hunker policy in New H«ini«hi'r. 
They arc bo' lid to nbukc and r.lormloih. Uo 
the etanduro-bearer 1 f ihat jariy who It iiuT, i« 
will not make the differ, ncc of a hondnd vote«. 
Neman in their ranks can coine within miny 
ihousand-i of .m election. No nrnn's pir-oio' pop- 
ularity or unpopularity can even sensibly nfl.vi ihn 
result lyili-tvtr tl-pitunit //.« jiat'ilh prinrifil-l nf 
A"eio Hampuhirt Hunkerimn viUi mitt irillt ulUr rr- 
pmliulion at <Vi« Aoin/n of Iht hontlt and liUrlyLv- 
ittg dtnizena of our muuntain hvmt:s.'* 

The sninf n«m(/er of the paper containn the follow, 
ing on the -'tlave power and Ko«ulb:" 
r •. .^^ ,h„ .= „..„ ,f "■''"« Slave Powbr vs. Ki>«oth.— The advent 
fui.y, he character of f,g.j, ,, ^.^^^j^ scarcely creaied ino-o 
itwoabolituinj urnaisitiNewHampshirewhich °_,„^,^,„^ji^,„^„, ,,^ ^^„„„, ^ho .signed in 
ve eiand.red Gen, fierce, *« a"'U ■'■> the loL .^.^^ j, jj^^^, ,, „^^ ,^|, t, .^e eiaveholderP, In 
.iingepecimens ol the abuse and viiuperaiion , p^^^.^^^ ,,„^ gy,_ ^^ ,[,^ p„^„j„j, ^f the great lluo- 
th widen IheT columns are -hlled: gariiin aposila of liberty to tbi^ couLtry l.iko 

From the Indipendini Vt-moarat, Apt il 15, 1852. those f uuouj -lesions' of Jewish hisiory. the si iv« 

■ tselfr.bukcd by ihe very presence of 
:ti n thit he is 



Hon. M. Noaais. 



J. M. CAMPBELL. 



That our reade 






miiay i 



-By an . 






light in making 



bonorabl 



rt it to day; agai 

mo.tifying po:,it!ou i 

nthiiig to do work *ni. 

ould be found tod. 

ipsbin-. The Seiiatoi 



op our pRper laot 
liuruil Eta. Ii> whii 

calling attention t 

■ ' ■ dly croui 

v. Iiulder 

places the St. le of New H 

Iiulll South Ciiolina anil vnginia aiii:ouoi;t-o u 
year or two iiu. e ibat ih ir op, option lo the (rec 
exercise of ibe right of piti ion was forever at an 
rod. I7ieuhavek.ptiii.ir word. It has been re- 
served lo New H .mpsbire to renew, through one 
ot her d. spicable doughfaces, an oatrajje on a 
right as old as Iree government itsell, and held sc 
sacred that very few of the mos! arbitrary despot; 
ofihe world havee\er dared aitempttosuppress it 

"What man, what Democrat, what Christiar 
doi 9 not blush for his State -aye. for his race- 
that SUCH a crouch ng slave-spaniel as Moses T^'or- 
ris belongs eiihi r lo the one or iheorther.'" 

•<Mr GiDDiKOs's Speech, part u! which we pub 
lish his week, will te fund a plain, bold, out 

spcdking d.B ussion of the slav.-ry question - 

luy of the " " 



1 help 1 



fu! 



The Manchester Democrat of Jone 17, 1852 
n article entitled "Toe Uuni^er Democracy 6 
iiiir Candidates," says : 

"The convention i 
libited the same det< 



„. ,..„ „ ._.., the cause, and ti.e author. A 

raud inoie single heariid champion . f free 
iciples than Joshua R. Giddiiigs lives not. A 
iiier, kindlier heart, whose every pulsation is 
bhorVencc ol orpfcssion and wrong, never beat 



Ihe God of the 
pressed give'hiiii strength equal to his nay, a 
Constituency worthy of such a represent.-""- 

The Indefiend'nt Deinociat, of 
(the neit paper but'lwo issued 
which the Reiiublic quotes,) iti 
on the slavery question, aays: 

••Itvvillbe remembered that ;hc wliule of the 
first .^ight iiK.iiihs of the, session of Cong: 
iiieucingDtcemlier. 1849. weredtvolea ■" 



y before its tune. Not l..r 
any word Kossuth hai spoken; O'ltLirany thin,,' h» 
has wiiiten; but o dely l..r hi» p.isilion as iho cham- 
pion of down cruehed huirnniiy. 'lo-'S Aincicin 
oppression dread and hate hiin. He hssf-il.d »rd 
refused to bow before Go.l Cotton and Go.i .Vlulo. \-, 
anri both 1 Bve s'worn his defeat, and rewdveil it.it 
he ah ill go back t.i Hungiry, if at all, with cmp y 
bands and a broken heart. 

"For a faint picture of Ihe elavch.ilding feeling 
at Washingion, we refer our readers t.. the pr.)^ 
reedingsinCoiigresa, wh.re no limit is found of 
the disgraced and disgrac ful slave f.iilioii, to ro- 
s'si a simple rcfo uiioii of welcome t) the foremmt 
patriot ol all this world. It wouM seem aa though 
[he demon of madness had taken f.i.l poHs.sni.in > f 
the slave repr.seniativefl, wiih the (. II purpose of 
pushing them on M premature dcsiruciion. 

"We are n it sorry for ihe demonatration, s-nce, 
aooner or lat. r, it was inevitable. The int' r. sa of 
slavery everywhere are the same. Slavery iia- If is 
everywhere the a.me. The aympaihi.« of the op. 
pressor are everywhere one. The woman ahio- 
pera of Ameiica cannot but eyinpalh z« with the 
Haynaua and Gorgeysof Hungary. Thay cannot 
hu. fear the Kossuibs of al! luid» Tl. it '.he slave 
holders in Congress, tberelore, should feel aa thi'y 
do tiuas lo be" ex;;ecled. For thus early sbowing 
their ha'da we thank them. The exhibition now 
making by ihciii will open eyes thateiiu would not 
uary -23, 1852, 1 have open, d lor years. 

ir the one Irom i "Let the slave power do tta worst. Let It it-lka 

diiorinl article! iia poiB.jn fangs into the heart ol H'jngarj's ^lori. 

oos leader. Ln it disgust the wo. Id with its dls- 

l.-.""iEinffl"anali.Jsm. Let it rant and rag-. But 

I thcf.: thin!?». let it know that G'jd and rnao- 

"o'rki itind will bring it inloj.olgment" 



idissolu 



the Un 



'panic 



on ibc 



Jbjeci \ 



expiration off 

,...,^ ,=, Webster waa brotisht out to make; 

his celebrated 7th of-Maroh epeech, in which he 
sacrificed all the vjords and sentiments of tiia life i 
to save the Union, whicii, he said, could be saved 
by noUiing else. From this spe 



OUS dOJgbIa 


ceol the moat dtvo 


Bhle 




and an 


a<K 


ocate 


i::h 


-nsioiis 
u.bana 


1 until. 


iind 


Tl 
ng bi. 






r.irud 


y unsucces 


lh.i 


*By in 


a body 


for 


Franl 


Han 


psliire. 


wliom 


bey 


wi 11 k 


lyk 


yallof 


ootl.ern 







us Ihe So. 
ilul eff,,rt3 



dated 
irVcr of northern treachery which resulted 
ngdowii the Wilmot proviEo; in making 
-ground for slaves of the whole North; in 
i.^ihe great rights of AoJiiOisco'J)"-' mid '""' 
"o all cases involving p< clonal liberty; and 
nui guaraniee thai slacery shall not '•^ "■'■ 
u Coiigi 



Another Set-uiT. 

Mr.FoHsVTH'siieclaration ihat Mr-PiERCe's 
nojTiinaii.m was the worii ol" the FirB eaiers 
is not entirely saiisfacUiry lo ail the !ea(l«rs ot 
Ihat section of the DBiiiocracy. Ths Athens 
(Ga.) Banner, one of ilieir raoullipieces, ihiis 
8uni!uarily liisposesof the whole oonoern— plat- 
form aiKJ all : 

i'WmT A Faroe!— The Ftdtrul Vnlan and 



, f »<Aer 1 



from * 



ibe very tniddl 
of "New I when « very 'engine of terror 
rofound-l upou ifae people and Lsgislai 
no word! t.j induce iheiii l'> relieve th( 



numerous ballo.ii 
lation of the SoutI 

otedanduo . 

tr iiur,>,..<i .Augusta VonslilulionaUtt cuine lo our 

i tabic fliui.ting their ftre-eating elt.ctoio.1 

oanlc,' audi Pierce and King, and ol coure* lor the 

s t.rougbt to bear j upon which their oandmates have bc.n i 

. could be better trn.ted by the slav.bolding in-l ever, was it necessary to repeal tba resolunon of, this .sut j.. 
rest than a majority of the candioates lor whom|ls49. This 

^^'^ ™'"'-" ,1 ! '''*T ' tliru^ri^'of" 184rr:re"r;^"trdeno'u.Vc^ ' the natural" gu.rd 

The above extracts accurately r< fleet the aentl- ,^ V ? f v,^^;,' , »i,d other Southern States ' Union Cemoe/fl/i-, who liav 

eu.B entertained by the AbolUion^ta or Free^oil- ">« ^rlf^'^f^i^' .f'^^l^..^ lav^' afa d."na„d Bo 'ex- i teeth o. the oppos.t 
State towards General Pierce, and !"'"\ !"^"..,9*=* j^,"*^ ir.sollitis to tba people »f ibo !rc9 '. up ai 



I behail 



, ^ . his entire devotion to the 

CompromiBe, but who, in the absence of any 



nl»b a complete refutittisn i 



hw.s ill 'heve.:rmiddleo. tms-pun.., .mo|-_.;^.^"^^;ijr^^^ t.ve bc.n placed by 

uie i-utional Conv.ntion. That oiaiform is ad- 
bereiice to the Conipromi=e 
Ihe slavery question. Whs 
it, if I bear eurh elect' 

they are actually demoraliied 
ho Uinker -leaders, with FnA.K, would 1^. lUer^ly^^^^^^^^^ 

i:ithed.nanlofV?:^,?.?^:;therHou..rn^^^^^ 

|«adiu(r»iJvo«ftt'-«- 

tbeabsurilgtmrgealtra.irdjiiary: ' '"■ "..■.-■■"..".".«•.• .— • - 



56 



THE SIGNAL 



THE SIGNAL 



CITY OF WASHINGTON, JULY 24, 1852. 
WHIG NOMINATIONS. 

FOR PRESIDENT, 

WINFIELD SCOTT, 

Of New Jersey. 
FOR VICE PRESIDENT, 

WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, 

Of Norlh Carolina. 



MR. PIERCE'S VOTES IN THE 

HOUSE ON HARBOR AND RIVER 

IMPROVEMENTS. 

On one question, and on one only, is Mr. 
Pierce's position beyond dispute. His 
opinions and conduct on many questions, 
and on several occasions, are, and will 
probably remain, open to widely different 
interpretations. Whether we look at his 
proceedings in New Hampshire from the 
commencement of his political appren- 
ticeship, to the delivery of his famous an- 
ti-fugitive slave law declaration in Janua- 
ry last — at his military experiences and 
exploits in Mexico— or at the causes and 
appliances to which he is indebted for his 
nomination to the Presidency, we must 
coirfess that there is ample scope for varied 
representation. On all these points he | 
may remain a perfect Janus, with one j 
face for the Freesoilers, and one for the I 
Secessionists — one smiling complacently ' 
on Filibustiers, and one nodding approval 
of the cautious tactics of old Fogyism. 
And so far, and for these reasons, he may i 
he as available as he was supposed to be | 
by those who nominated him. j 

But there is one record that admits of 
no misconstruction, and to it we appeal i 
for the means of ascertaining how Mr. 
Pierce stood when he had the opportuni- 
ty of placing himself right before the | 
country. There can be no mistake about 
his Congressional career. The law and t 
the testimony exist, and both speak trum- 
pet-tongued in reference to his preten- } 
sions. Both show that his only claim to i 
legislative distinction rests upon his unde-l 
viating, unreasoning opposition to harbor j 
and river improvements, to the construe- i 
tion of light-houses, and to the opening of I 
great public roads. He never failed, 
while in Congress, to vote against every 
appropriation for these purposes. Less 
violent partisan.? believed it to be a duty 
to concur with the Whigs in promoting 



foreign commerce, by rendering mpre se- 
cure the navigation of cur extended Atlan- 
tic coast, and in developing our domestic 
resources by lake and river improvements; 
but Mr. Pierce permitted no demand 
iiowever urgent, to lead him from the path 
marked out by his version of party tenets 
He was in this regard more Democratic 
than Andrew Jackson, the then Presi- 
dent, who gave his official sanction to the 
very measures which called forth Mr. 
Pierce's opposition. 

We will begin with the bill introduced 
in the session of 1836, making appropria- 
tions for the improvement of harbors. On 
the 2Sth of June, in-that year, Mr. Pierce 
voted in the House of Representatives 
against the measure, which one week af- 
terwards received the approval of General 
Jackson. Little & Brown's edition of the 
Public Statutes, (vol. 5, pages 128 to 13],) 
enables us to compile the following state- 
ment of grants provided by this act — 
against Mr. Pierce's will: 



niaUe Breakwater in Porlland 

harbor $10,000 

" Survey near Owl's-head 

harbor 400 

Survey at Cobscook bay . . 300 

N.Hampihire . .Deepening- Piscatoqua river 6,000 
Massacliustils.. .Improveoient of Bass river 

harbor 10,000 



Kemoving wreck at New 

Bedford 10,000 

Breakwater at Sandy bay. 10,000 
Improvement at Duxbury. 5,000 
" Improvement in Boston 

liarbor 15.000 

fi/iorfc/s/ffurf.... Break waier at Church's 

Covehnrbor 10,000 

ComicchciU Improve mcnt of Say brook 

harbor 20,000 

" Improvement of Weetport 



Impr 
I.npn 



cnt of Fairwc 



" Soutliport 
1 at Cedar 



»^"int 1,000 

Dcepemngr Bridgeport 

channel 10,000 

Deepening channel ofttor- 

wich harbor 10,000 

.Breakwater at Burlington 10,000 
Deepeningehunnelin Lake 

Chimplain 15,000 

. Impr. .vinij Portland harbor 10,000 
iig- Salmon river 



rbor 



>,000 



Improving Oak Orchard 

creek harbor 5,000 

ImprovingBlack river har- 
bor 5,000 

Breakwater at Platlsburg. 10,000 

Improving Cattaraugus 

creek harbor 15,000 

" Improving Whitehall har- 
bor ^^^ s,000 

Ice-breaker, Sl-rin Island 19,500 

New Jersey ImprovingNew Brunswick 

harbor 7,000 

• -'ng Little Egg har- 



bor 



Survey of Crow Shoal 1,000 

Pemuylvania .Repairs at Chester harbor. 3,000 
" Improvement of Delaware 

river 15,000 

Delaware Improvementof Wilming- 
ton harbor 15,000 

Maryland Deepening Baltimore har- 

, bor 20,000 

" ' Survey of Chesapeake bay 40O 



Virgil 



..Survey of James river 500 

Channelsof Dismal Swamp 

Canal 15,000 

North Caro.'ina. Shoal in Pamlico river 5,000 

Shoal in New river 5,000 

Beauforl harbor 5,000 

South Carolina. .Survey of Georgetown 

harbor 1,000 

Georgia Improving Brunswick har- 
bor 10,000 

0/i!0 Improving Vermilion river 10,000 

Indiana IMichigan City harbor 20,000 

I^ouisiana Deepening Mississippi 

mouth 75,000 

Missouri Pier near St. Louie 15,000 

Arkansas 'Survey of rivers 1,1100 

Florida Bulk Head Shoal ; 10,000 

Michignn St Joseph river pier 20,000 

IViscomin Survey ol Milwaukie river. 400 

On the same day, Mr. Pierce voted 
in a minority against the passage of an 
"additional Harbor bill," which also re- 
ceived the signature of Pretident Jackson 
on the 2d of the following month. Of the 
proceedings in the House in connexion 
with the bill, we have the subjoined re- 
cord in the Congressional Globe: 

A bill making atlditional appropriation for the 
Delaware breakwater, and for certain harbors, and 
removing obstructions in and at the mouths of 
certain rivers, and for oilier purposes, for the year 

The bill liad been reported to the House, 
from the Committee of the Whole, with sunfiry 
amendments ; the iletails of which were given at 
length when the bill was under consideration in 
committee. 

The first amendment of the committee w.as con- 
curred in without amendment. 

The second amendment of the Committee of the 
Whole was to strike out the clause " for continuing 
the improvement of the navigation of the Ohio 
and Mississippi rivers, from Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
.■ania, to New Orleans, Louisiana, and from the 
nouth of the Ohio to the mouth of the iVlissouri 
■iver, one hundred and ten thousand dollars ;" and 
nsert "for the improvement of the Ohio and Mis- 
iissippi, from Louisville to New Orleans, seventy 
housand dollars; for the improvement of the Mis- 
sissippi river, above the mouth of the Ohio and the 
Missouri river, to Independence, $50,000, in such 
manner, and for the removal of such obstructions, 
as the Secretary of War shall direct." 

Mr. Smith moved to strike out " j>50,U00, " and 
insert "§30,000;" lost. 

Mr. Hawes opposed the whole appropriation, 
on the ground that its effect would be to increase 
the number of officers of the Governrnent. 

CON said that he wished to say a very fe w 
words before the question was taken. Mr. B. said 
hat he had been honored with a seat in the House 
)f Representatives during a period of nine years, 
ind had" uniformly voted for appropriations of 
money for the "common defence and general wel- 
fare of the United States," whether the money 
to be expended on the Atlantic seaboard or in 
the South, and he would now vole against the mo- 
tion of the gentleman from Kentucky. Dm, said 
Mr. B., I will take this occasion to advise gentle- 
men, that unless a more liberal policy should here 
fterbe extended towards ihenewStatesof the West, 
e would, if his life should be spared him, return, at 
he commencement ofthe next session of Congress, 
repared to organize a western influence that would 
e felt against all appropriations of money cast of 
the mountains, until justice should be done to the 
pie of the new States in the West. Sir, said 
. B., I will not longer consent to have tlie peo- 
of the new States taxed, in the purchase of the 
public lands, for the benefit of other portions of 

Mr. B. said that pledges had been given him, for 
some two or three months past, that a direct vote 
should be had on the bill to reduce the price of the 
public lands before the adjournment of the present 
session of Congress. Yet this promise had not 
been fulfilled, nor was there any reasonable pros- 
pect that it would be. Mr. B. concluded by say- 
ing thftt he had become tired of living upon fromifes 



THE SIGNAL. 



:)7 

er, bclwccn Pittsburgh 

.ii.a Fniis •■iii.mo 

" improvemcntof Ohio and 
Mississippi rivers, from 
Louisville 10 N.Orleans CO.OOO 

" improvemenl of Missis- 
sippi river, above mouth 
ofOhio— Missouri river 40,0011 

" lemovnl of obstructions 
in Red river, Louisiana 
and Arkansas 40,.SI)0 

" improvemenl of Cumber- 
land river, Kcntucl<y 
and Tennessee 20,000 

inciii'-', I .M, r, .1.'- 

dii 4,0110 

" rcni(>\.il > , . ■ III 

Ksr.nn .:,, ..:.,, I !;. 5, .WO 

river, OIlic) 4,:)00 

dredging machine on Lake Eric 8,000 

boat to prevent obstructions in Red 
river, Louisiana and Arkansas, and 
for working and supporting the 

same .■!0,0()0 

compietini; channel between St. 

Mary's and St John's, Florida fifiW 

completing pier at La Plaisance, 

Michigan 32.-) 

erecting light-house at Buft'alo, N. 

York 4!M 

erecting bcacoii-light at Erie, Penn. C.) 
improvement of Ohio and Mississip- 
pi river.s, under act of 183i2 17,800 

expenses of surveys and e.\amina- 
tioi'is on public lands in the territories 
and in the Indian country 30,000 

We presume that none of tlie States 
concerned iti these appropriations will 
now admit that they were not needed to 
carry on works of vital interest to the 
respective localities. Yet none would 
have been granted if Mr. Pierce's vote 
could have determined the result. Con- 
gress — more liberal and just — sanction'e'd 
them, and the model Democratic Presi- 
dent ratified them. Andrew Jackson 
was upon this question lesS' pharisaical in 
his Democracy than Franklin Pierce. 

Coming to tite second session of the 
'24th Congress, we have Mr. Pierce'.? 
vote recorded against the passage of a bill 
covering appropiations for erecting light- 
houses and other similar works. The bill 
was carried b}' 108 yeas, to 60 nays; Mr. 
Pierce figuring in the minority. The 
published act. enables us to present a cat- 
alogue of the points at which the improve- 
ments were carried out, together with tlie 
sums voted to the several States : 

Maine.— '-' i\ ' ! i !, Mi. ont Desert island, Ram 
island, Siqi. I. , ^^ I Quaddy bay. Spoon 
islc.SadilM I ' .' V'!, Island point. Plea- 
sant river, i ' .Adams's and Buck's 
|r,l..,. = . H.il. . wn of Sullivnn, York 
„u' ih t . .: I I : . . Total, §61,600. 

.\ ■ M , , 'i .1 k ligbt-house,Suuk- 

, ., , i., 1 , i. ■ : . , -..•),90lJ. 

M.,-s.:rU'i ., !■ .. I, ..-ii liarbor, Ned's point, 
Nanset beach, harliori o! Lynn, .Salem, Beverley, 
Marblehead and Manchester, AMrid?e ledpe, &c.. 
Wing's Neck, Bay rock, &c. Total, .$39,800. 

Conneclirut..- Lynde point. Black Bay reef, &c. 
Total, .$12,200 

Rhode Island.— Papoose Squaw point. Block 
islanil. Field's point, &c. Total. Sll, 100. 

N'ew York. — Cumberland head. Split rock. Exe- 
cution rocks, Big Sandy creek, Stony point, Ged' 



alone, and called upon eentlemen from the Western 
Slates to prepare to go 'with him in future in oppos- 
ing appropriations for the seaboard until something 
should be done direct for t'-e ;.-.-.i.- of il,e West. 

iMr. Ret.wlds, of l:i: : ■ i ' -t he was 
sorry to detain the Hous' -i in. id of the 
session; but the subject \\.,- imi n^ i.> the peo- 
ple he represented in lUuit.i.^, v.hi.Ji ^,. hi.s excuse 
for addressings single word to the House. 

The gentleman from Kentucky said he was op- 
posed to the amendment, as it created inore officers 
to superintend the work on the western waters than 
were necessary. It is not possible for any one offi- 
cer, no matter how efficient and competent he may 
be, to superintend all the works of improvement 
that ought to be made on th.-i n.m, Mi«,.«ip,„, mid 
Mi.s.^ioun rivers. The ]{'■•<■ -■■"■ '-i'-'-^ 'I'" i ;'■-'-■ 
iiu-rs stretch over a v;v I '-' 'i i, 

It* tlie work is to be dmii i ii, 

It will require more ot^ct i.. :'...'.)i i .ju Ui ..i:i)' .1 liii 
with thai em.;iency that the Guvernincnt ought to 
observe in llic improvement of these rivers. 

The ■;enilemaii from K.'nruekv (Mr. Hawes) 



Page, Patterson, D. J. Pcarce, Phelps, Phillips, 
Potts, John Reynolds, Joseph Reynolds, Russell, 
Seymour. Shinn, Sickles, Slade, Smith, Spangler, 
Sprague, Storer, Sutherland, Taylor, Thomas, J. 
Thomson, Toueey, Turnll, Vanderpoel, Vinton, 
Wagener, Ward, Wardwell, Washington, E. 
Whittlesey, and T. T. Whittlesey— 12fi. 

Nays.— Mcssrj^. (.;. .'\lU,n, Heale. I'.eaumnnl, 
Bouldin, Boyd, P.ii. Ii n m, rumli, i:\ 1- Cal- 
houn, Campbell, I I I I :i, < I . M.Clai- 
borne, J. P. II 1 I ! 1 iilVee, 
Coles, Connor, 1 1. I ', i ii r, J. 

Garland,Graves,i. ; ll.wes, 

Hawkins, HayiK, ! i i , , i i . i imifer, 

C.Johnson, J,' \V I : , . I, I , I.ewi.s, 

Loynll, Lucas, Ly-iii, Mum.,, Mh ,y, 'l C,ii„as, 
McKay, McLene, Moiiigomery, I'arks, Pallon, 
F. Pierce, Pinekney, Rencher, Roane, Robertson, 
Ro.'er.s, Speight, Standefer, Taliaferro, Towns, 
Underwood, White, L. Williams, S. Williams, 

d Wise— 64. 

lered to be engrossed fur a 



and Ill 

Mr. U .,.iu, 
appropriated 



llL Ll 



!ig at all for these nnble and 
Lisefur rivers, it ought not to be less than that sum. 
It would be a ridiculous improvement that a less 
sum would effect on the Mississippi, between the 
mouth of the Ohio and the Falls of St. Anthony 
and the Missouri, as high up as Liberty. The sum 
is not too much. If any thing be given at all, let 
it be that sum, or more. 

Mr. Hawes then asked for the yeas and nays on 
concurring with the Committee of the Whole in 
this amendment, which were ordered, and were, 
yens 104, nays 81. 

So the amendment was concurred in. 
Mr. Wise then moved lo strike out the enacting 
clause of the l)ill. He v.-islied to test the sense of 
the House on 'he -uhjeri <>i internal improvements 
by the Genei:! ' . ■.• r i ■. nd repeated what he 
had said in 1 ■ . ■ Whole, that now the 

Deposit bill v.. I , ,1 - ,, ' nil under considera- 
lion was nothii.^ II. il t.i.,, n ramble for unequal 
shares of the public money before the day of dis- 
tribution came. 

Mr. W. asked for the yeas and nays on liis mo- 
tion, which were ordered, and were, yeas 32, nays 
]:«; so the motion was' di.sngreed to. 

iMr. Smith moved an additional item of §15,000 
for building a steamboat to aid in ihe removal of 
the Red river rafi, which was agreed to.^ 

Mr, Hawes renewed his motion to strike out the 
appropriation of J,200,000 for the improvement of 
the Hudson river, and spoke at some length in sup- 
port of his motion. 

Mr. SuTiiEP.L.iND then moved the previous qucs- 
lion, which was seconded— yeas 84, nays 48. 

Mr, IIakdin called for the yeas and nay.s on or- 
dering the main question to be piU, which were or- 
dered, and were, yeas 106, nays 78. 

So the House determined tliat the main question 
should be now put. 

Mr. Lewis then moved a call of the House. 
Lost. 

On the call of Mr. Patton, the yeas and nays 
were ordered on the main question, being on the 
engrossment of the bill, and the question being ta- 
ken, was decided in the affirmative, yeas 126, nays 
()4— as follows: 

Yeas— Messis. Adams, H, Allen, Anthony, 
Ash, Ashley, \)..l'-v. R,.r:-in, !; ^i-^tr". Bond, Boon, 
Rorden, Bo'', I . i' , ' ■:■: , W. B. Cal- 

houn, Camln,; ,. I . - v.Chapm, 

Childs, Cor.w I.I. : aan, Dar- 

lington, Dav, ,) I i I - . I'r-nb'.Hiay, 

Evans, Fairtii 'ii, 1'. •■, : i . ■ ■ ■ "iV '■ '''"1" 

ler.Galbraith, i: '. ni 1, .. .d :, ■ ■ . -v, 

J, Hall, Haini :, Ii I li, 'i,.i . : i( I , 1,1 ;i )1- 
derson, Heisicr, liu.ii Ii ' '.\' ' . I' v, 

Hunt, Huntington, I- : ■' ' i- 

son, J. Jackson, Jane; 1 I ' Im- 

son, B. Jones, Judsoii, i - I III, I i '.',:. d, 

Lane, Lansing, Lawien, . , L..> , U. Ue, J . U a, I'. 
Lea, Leonard, Lincoln, Love, A. Mann, J. Mann, 
W.Mason, M. Mason, S. Mason, May, McKennan, 
McKeon, McKim, Mercer, Miller, Milligan, 
Moore, Morgan, Morris, Muhlenberg, Owens, 



the bill 



iid not \ 



delay thi: 



Mr. Hawes ! 

bill, but he wanted a direct vote of the House upon 

le appropriation of j200,000 for the Hudson riv- 

-. He moved to recommit the bill to the Com- 

ittee of the Whole, with instructions to strike oul 
lat clause, and asked for the yeas and nays, which 
ere ordered. 

After some remarks from Mr. Boo.m the question 
as taken, and decided in the negative, yeas 60, 
ays 101. 

The bill thus against by M 

Pierce embraced provisions for important 
mprovetnents in various States, as will 
appear from the following table, which we 
again derive from the public statutes. It 
will be seen that in this instance Mr. 
Pierce opposed specifically the interests 
of Maine, Massachusetts, New York, 
Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Pennsylvania, 
Delaware, North Carolina, Kentucky, 
Tennessee, Louisiana, Arkansas, and 
Florida: 



For conti 


luing Delaware breakwater.. . 
' improvemcntof Chicago 


$100,000 






32,000 




' improvement of Big So- 




dus bay 


12,600 




' works at Provincetown 








4,400 




worksat Plymouth Beach 






500 


" works at harbor near Riv- 




er Rasin, Michigan... 


15,000 




removal of olistructions 






at Black river, Ohio... 


6,660 




improvement of Cleve- 








15,000 










a( 1,1,1 I 1 Uhlo... 


6,000 




Cuan,.,_;,.,.uC,.ek,0. 


1,275 




'• removal of obstructions 






at Conneaut creek, Ohio 


2,500 




" improvement of Presque 






Isle harbor. Peon 


15,000 




" improvement of Dunkirk 






harbor. New York.... 


11,000 




works at Genesee river. 






New York 


20,000 




" pier and mole at Oswego, 






New York 


20,000 



pur at iveiineuunK, rae. 

improvement of naviga- 
tion of Hudson river. 
New York 

improvement of New 
Castle harbor, Del 

removal of obstructions 
at Ocracoke inlet, N- C. 

improvement of Cape 
Fear river, N.C,,.,,. 



100,000 
25,000 



20,0 



53 



THE SIGNAL 



npy'e rhannel, &c., Romcr'a ehoa!, Esopug mead- 
ows, Tappan bay, Cedar islanfl. Sna harbor, Ron- 
dout cretk, Dur)klik harbor. Van Buren harbor, 
Middle p-round, Robbin*ircef,Saiiiion river harbor. 
Toial, !j3«-20». 

New Jeri^ey.—CohntmcY rrcck, Ejrff island, Ab- 
•ermnitii.t Toial, $15,001). 

jPfnii*yo'<7iia— Erie baibor. Total, §674. 

Vttawan; —Reetiy island, Bra ndywineshoal, Del- 
awar.- briakwater. Total, $27,010. 

^laryland —Sharp's island, Nanticoke and other 
rivers. Hooper's and Cajev'a straits, Tangrier and 
Poroiiii.ke sounds. Love point. Total, S'B.oOO 

Virginia— Hog ielund, York river. Old Point, 
Chesapeake, Day's point, &«., Potomac creek. 
Tol'il, #61 000. 

North Cnroiina.— Powell's point, Peaisland, Long 
Shi.al. Total, 325,0 '0. 

South Curodr.a.— St. Helena 3nd Port Koyal, 
Chnrleeton harbor. Tola!, 826,000. 

Giorgio.— Litlle Cumberland island, B 
harbor, Doboy and Sapael's bars, &r. Tola 
841.000. 

Aliibamu.—VlobWe harbor, Sand point Total, 
§■10,600. 

Oh 0.— Turtle island,. Sandusky harbor, Rlanhat- 
t;iu, Miami and Mauinee, Cunningham island. 
Total, 816,700. 

Indiana —City West harbor, Michigan city. To- 
tal, ®S 000. 

/.ouisiana.— Vermillion bay. Lake Pontchar- 
irain, &c.. Bayou St. John, Port Pontchartrain. 
Total, 879,500. 

il/is.'.t.«i;);)t.— Pearl river lighthouse. Total, 
Sa.ooo. 

Mirhi^an —Grand and Detroit river lighthouses. 
Wind Mill island, Saginaw river, Fox point, Kal- 
amazoo river. Total, $30,000. 

/■/orida.- ApalachicoU bay, St. Joseph's bay, 
St John's river, Key West, Amelia island, Mos 
quiio inlet. Sand Key, Cape Florida, Caryslbrt 
rerf. Total, $79,920. 

n'scoiisiii. —Milwaukie river, Manitowae river, 
Chipewagan, Green bay, Root river. Total, 
$■25,000. 

Under the operation of this measure, 
then, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, 
Alabama, Michigan, Florida, and Wiscon- 
sin — seven States that are at this moment 
claimed by the Pierce party as sure — re- 
ceived $273,520 for purposes essential to 
the prosecution of coast or lake navigation. 
We are not aware that any of- them re- 
fused to receive the money, although 
granted without Mr. Pierce's consent; all 
regarded it as a moiety of what was due 
from the country as a whole to particular 
portions of it; and some of them are now 
applicants to Congress for yet larger ap- 
propriations. With what propriety can 
they, or any of them, now support a Pre- 
sidential candidate who struggled inces- 
santly to put out "the eyes of commerce," 
and whose pledges would compel him to 
veto any bill of the kind, were it present- 
ed for his oflicial sanction .> 

In the same session, (1837,) Mr. Pierce 
voted against a bill "to provide for certain 
harbors, and for the removarof obstruc- 
tions in and at the mouths of certain riv- 
ers," which passed the House of Repre- 
sentatives with 107 yeas to 51 nays. Here 
are the amounts embraced in this bill: 

niinuU Chicago harbor 1^40.000 

Indiana IVlicHsan City harbor. . . . 30,000 

Mithi^an St. Jospph river pier 15.000 

River Raisin harbor .W.OOO 

X. Samptkim.. Cocheco river 6,000 



wirk ! Petmgylvania 



York Black river harbor 10.000 

Whitehall harbor 10,000 

Genesee river mouth 10,000 

Dunkirk harbor 15 fldO 

Porrland harbor 10,000 

" Cattarauguecrcek haibor. 10,000 

Salmon river harbir lii OtIO 

•' Platifburg breakwater. . . 10 000 

Oik Orchard creek 6 000 

BigSoduabay ]2,0ii0 

•• Oswcg-o harbor IS.OOn 

Hudson river 100 000 

ma Mobile harbor 60,000 

Black river 6,410 

" Huron river 2 665 

" Vermillion river 20 000 

Cleveland harbor 10 000 

Cunningham creek 6 000 

Ashtabula creek 8 0110 

Conneaut creek S.HOO 

Preaque Isle harbor 1 5 000 

Chester harbor 2,000 

North and South Hero 

Islands 6,0(10 



Bu.lingtonbreakw 

Maine Steele's lod(?e 

Stanford's ledgcbn 



■S66 



Masiachusetts. ..Sandy Bay breakwater.. . 20,000 

Hyannie harbor 5,000 

Connecticut River Thames 20 00(1 

I " Soulhport barber 1.000 

} " Weetport harbor 3,734 

tDelaware Wilmington harbor 8 000 

I •• Newcaeile harbor 10,000 

I " Delasi are breakwater 141.000 

Maryland Baliimore harbor 16,000 

North Carolina. . Ocracofce in let 1 2 500 

I " Cape Fear river 10,000 

" Beaufort h.arbor, New riv- 

; er, &c 20,000 

\ Florida Channel between St. Ma- 

! ry'aand St. John's S.OOC 

'New Jersey New Brunswick h.irbor.. . 6,903 

I The same bill provided other sums for 
jobjects which would seem to commend 
i themselves to the favor of every unpre- 
judiced mind. These objects included 
I undertaking."! u hich the country was bound 
to sanction on grounds of humanity, as 
well as others that were sustained by the 
most obvious considerations of policy. 
jThe annexed abstract justifies this remark: 

'Erection of a marine hospital at New Ur- 

I leans $70,000 

Purchase of sites for marine hospitals on 
I western waters 15.000 

Marine hospiial at Mobile 10,000 

I Cumberland river improvement, Kentucky 

and Tennessee oS.OOO 

I Red river improvement, Arkansas 65,000 

Ohio river improvement between the Falls 
1 .inu Pittsburgh 60,000 

Improvement of Ohio and Miatiesippi riv. 

I ers from Louisville to Ne^* Orleans 60,000 

• Mississippi river— continuing removal of 

I obstructions at mouth 210,000 

! Arkansas river improvement 25,000 

[ Improvement of Mississippi above mouth 

I of Ohio and of Missouri river 40,000 

I Erection of pier at St. Louis 50,000 

[Other improvements in Mississippi, Ohio, 

and Missouri rivers 23,000 

I Survey of rivers in Arkansas and Miusouri 1,000 

Survey from' the Chesapeake bay to 
■ Charleston, South Carolina 10,000 

Nearly the last memento that exists of 
jMr. Pierce's presence in the House of 
! Representatives is his vote to defeat these 
I appropriations. He labored against them 
j to the last. Whether the item related to 
jthe erection of a light-house or a break- 
1 water to lessen the perils of lake Erie or 
I Michigan — to the construction of a harbor 
[on the Atlantic coast — to the removal of 
I snags, and rocks, and bar* from the Ohio, 



Mississippi, or Missouri river,s — or to the 
establishment of marine hospitals in the 
South and West, Mr. Pierce always ap- 
peared in opposition. The zeal of his 
anti-improvement partisanship recognised 
no exceptions. Blot his voles on these 
questions from the record, and the name 
of Franklin Pierce will scarcely be 
known in Congressional history. It is not 
uncharitable to believe that, before the 
canvass now begun be ended, the orators 
and writers engaged in sustaining Mr. 
Pierce's nomination will arrive at the 
conclusion that they could have worked 
more effectually with a perfect blank as 
the record of his past, than with a record 
so blurred and blotted with proofs of his 
partisan hostility to every State in the 
Union. Adherence to the worn-out tenets 
of a party is as a feather in the balance in 
comparison with his resistance to practical 
improvements. We know that the super- 
stition of Democracy is not without power; 
but an unreasoning reverence for abstrac- 
tions is not likely to control the present 
campaign. And the practical is all against 
Mr. Pierce. 

We anticipate infinite amusement from 
the homely interrogatories to which Mr. 
Pierce's stump orators will be exposed 
throughout the campaign. They will ex- 
patiate on the purity of their candidate's 
Democracy — his rigid adherence to the 
"strict construction" — his antipathy to a 
National Bank; he will be represented as 
an incarnation of Democratic excellence, 
worthy in all respects of the sobriqnel con- 
ferred upon him by our contemporary of 
the Union. "Young Hickory," according 
to this showing, will be entitled to the 
support of the "unterrified" everywhere. 
Imagine an orator of this order in Ohio, 
Michigan, Illinois, Louisiana, or. in any 
part of the North, South, or West; picture, 
if you can, his graceful gesticulations, his 
flowing periods, his well chosen epithets, 
his endless tributes to Mr. Pierce's states- 
manship as shown in the halls of Congress; 
and then try to realize the chilling effect 
of some honest farmer's appeal to the law 
and to the record. The rhetoric of the 
orator will vanish bel'ore the plain truth- 
telling of the Congressional votes. Mr. 
Pierce's orthodoxy on some points will 
not save him from the condemnation that 
awaits his opposition to improvements 
deemed vital by the citizens of the States 
immediately concerned, Vi'hat jcgard 



THE SIGNAL 



59 



can the people of Obio cherish for a can- 
didate who made his Democracy a stalk- 
ing-hor.«e to block up the harbors and ob- 
struct the river on which their prosperity 
still largely depends? Are the people of 
Illinois likely to hold themselves commit- 
ted by the promise of Judge Douglas in 
behalf of the man who planted himself in 
an attitude of hostility to the commercial 
emporium of that State? Will Kentucky, 
Tennessee, A rkan 



field, to be applied to that purpose: ,^nd provided, 
That not more than twenty thousand dollars of the 
amount thus appro|niated for the continuation of 
the road in Indiana, shall be applied in the collec- 
tion of materials for the bridge over the Wabash.'' 

After a few words from Messrs. A. Mann, T 
Webster, and Boon — 

Mr. Vanderpoel moved the previous question 
but the House refused to second it — ayes 64, nott 



mont, Rond, Bouldin, Bunch, J. Calhoon, W. B. 
Calhoun, Campbell, Carter, G.Chambers, J. Cham- 
bers, Chapman, N. H. Claiborne, J. F. rl. Clai- 
borne, Coles, Connor, Crai?, Cushman, Deberry, 
Dromgoole, Dunlnp, Ercrclt, Fairfield, Forester, 
French, .1. Garland, Grantland, Graves, Grayson, 
Griffin, J. Hall, Hardin, Harlan, Hawcs, Hawkins, 
Hayncs, Hopkins, Huntsman, Wm. Jackson, Jar- 
vis. Jenifer, C. Johnson, J. W. Johnson, Lawler, 
Lewis, Loyall, I-y.^i, Al.ijMi M.ini,, Martin, Moses 
Mason, Ml r, ,.;,,, M K,,,\]..:..- ■,,, , . ^^ln■l^^, 
Owens, P.'ii, :, i' : :■ ' ■ '■• ' .1 A. 

Pearce, P. -t ■ i' . ' .','■' ■' ; '"■'■' 

Roane,Rolirn.. ■!■. 1, .-. , ■,, \ ii ■^•"i'i'!i I .-mi l.ls, 
Smith, Spnght, ,-^i.iii.kier, luliatrrid, lir.vii.s, Un- 
derwood, Wagener, While, Lewis Williams, tjiicr- 
rod Williams, and Wise— 82. 
I So the bill was p,i.ssed. 

This bill also received the .signature ol 

President Jackson. It provided for the 

A600,000 



appropriation of not les 



After some remarks by Mr T. Webster— I 
Mr. Hannegan moved an additional instruction 
to strike from the bill every thing in relatien to a 
bridge across the Wabasli river. 

Mr. Lane said it was not his object to detain the 
House by a speech, and m»re especially; not to 
Florida, or Missouri, 1 make a speech against the bill, or to si ' 
, . , , ,^ ,. , I lion, by which, if adopted, vpould of 

display any zeal m betialt ot one wnose i ^^j^ ;„ j^g ^^Cgg,. o,, , he contrary, to insure us pas- 
tille to legislative glorv consist.s mainly of i sage by asking tl^ previous q'-esiion ; which was 

= " - . . ' seconded by the House — ayes 7o, noes 46. 

the fact that he was constant in his antagon- Mr. IMcGartt called for the yeas and nays on 
. ... , 1 • u 5 orderini;: the main question; which were ordered, 

ism to their wants and wishes? and were-yeas 101, nays 74-as follows: for the continuation of the Cumberland 

Mr. Pierce will discover that his friends Yeas -Messrs. Ash, Ashley. Barton Beale,i ^^^j ._^^ ^ _,^j.^^^l ^.^,.,._ Qfthis sun., 
sadly overrated his availability when they | B-n.^,Boo.J,^B™^^^^^^^ ^^.^_.^ appropriated for expendi- 

recommended htm as a "^^eet of paper,'' tCorw,n,^Cr^a^ Cr^^^^^^^^^^ .^ ^^.^^ ^,.^^^,^ ,^^ expenditure in 

unmarked and unsullied. He will fand | p^^|i„ ^y,,,;^,,, ^ p,,,,,,^ Galbraith, James Gar-I j^^ji^^g^ ^^^ >% 150,000 for expenditure in 
that the remembrance of a politician's acts ! land, ^^^"^^^f^^^^^l^^^l minois. Mr.' Pierce's friends in those 
perishes not with his withdrawal from ^ Hubley, Huntingdon Ht,ntsman,lngersoll, Jarm,| ^^^^^^ ^,j,, ^^.^^^.g^,^ ,,^3^^ 
Washington; and that neither private ex-j J-P^Joh^"-.„^-hard M. J^''--.^^«-,J;^n-, ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^.^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^_^_ 

cellence nor public whitewashing -" j [--j^;';!,-^^^^^^^^^ They must feel 
avert the penalties which a people visit Logan, Lucas, Abijah Mann, Job Mann, William j yjjder special obligations to one who never 
nnnn those airaved ao-ainst them. Mr. Mason, Moses Mason, Sampson Mason. May, Mc- ,. „ j i • ji 
upon those airayea a„ain«i "'«'"• ^"'^- Comas! McICennan, McKeon, McKim, McLane, fought more valiantly or determinedly 
Pierce labored hard in Congress to "sow! Mdler, Morgan, Owens Page, Parks Patterson striving to place the great West 
the storm;" now that he is a candidate for ! ^1;:^^^)^^,^^^;;^^!^^^^] ;„ „Hct blockade by water and by land. 
Presidential honors, he must not repine if, ^^^^f-^^^^l^^'-^;^:!^^ S^; That the Cumberland road is now to a 
compelled to "reap the whirlwind. , Towns, Turner, Vmiderpoel, Washington, Elisha ] ^ g^jg^.j superseded by railroads and 
. Whittlesey, and Thomas T. Whittlesey— 101. ]& , . ■ ,i , , 

MR. PIERCE'S VOTES ON THE NAYs.--Mes8rs. John a Adams, Chilton Allan, ! other routes ot travel is a point that does 

CUMBERLAND ROAD. , "-- ^llen, B.ley.^Bcau.^^^^ „^j ^, ^11 ^ff^gt tl^g q„g,ti,„. When Mr. 

As a fittinn- sequel to the preceding re- j ■'<>"" Campbell, Carter, George Chambers, John! pjEucE voted against its continuation the 
view of Mi^ Pierce's course in the House {EteJ^HrFurisll"^^ wa« regarded as an undertaking of 

nf Renresentatives in reference to rivers i *^'^""'="' Griffin, Hannegan, Harlan, Harper,, ^^t'onal importance, and was so sustained 
ol l^epresenidtues, in leieiejice lu u\ei»Uj^^,j.gjj^^yl^li,5_j4(.ig,g,. Hoar, Hopkins, How-' ' 



that 
)ppon 

of a bill to "continue the Cumberland road I gomoi >■ 
in the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illi-j bens! ; 
nois." The Congressional Globe furnishes j fJ'^j''^^; 



the bill through its last stage on the 29th 
of June, 1S36: 



Hunt, William Ja-kson,Jsnes, Jeni- for year.s subsequently, to the manliest 



and harbors, we proceed to show tliat hejard.H. . . 

appeared in the same body as an opponent ij^'jf' ^*^''' ''^"'^"'^^' ^^' ' 

Ml, Patton, James A. Pearce, j passed. As a national work Mr. PiERCE 

kney. Potts, Rencher, Ro- , ., . , , j ,• 

,i.une H. Shepperd,Slade, opposed it, precisely as he opposed nation 

- ..lulefer, Storer, Taliai'erro, Lj „f ^uts f^,. the construction of harbors, 

I, Webster, Lewis Williams, ° . r u i. 

the following history of the progress of ! Shmod Williams, and Wise— 74. or for the improvement ot what were in 

So the House determined that ihc main question 1936 almost the sole highways of our in 
e now put. 
Mr. McCabtv called for the yeas and nays on 
(he passage of the bill; which were ordered, and 
■ere — yeas 105, nays 82 — as follows : 
Yeas.— Messrs. John Ql. Adams, Ash, Ashley, 
;arton, Bockee, Boon, Borden, _Briggs,_Brown 
Buchanan, Cambreleng, Ca 

Chapin, Clark, Curwm, Cramer, Darlington, Da- 
vis, Denny, Dickerson, Doubleday,Efrner, Fowler, 
Fry, W " " '■ ■- " -^-'^ ^:"- 



The House then proceeded to the consideration 
the "bill 10 conlinue the Cumberland road in the 
uies of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois;" the question 
ing on its passage — 

Mr. McCartt entered at some length into a re- 
ew of the provisions of the bill, and urged his 
ijeciions against it in its present shape. He then 
■ h the folli 



iioved to recommit 
" Strike out from thi 



.■ing instruc- 



McCa.iv, Mercer, M.lligan!"Mo'iu'Uavantage of the States through which it 



ternal commerce. 



first 



rom me provisional clause i 
ic end of the section ; and 
insert the foUowii 



iv. Fuller, Galbraith, Gillet. Granger, 
Grennell, Hamer, Hannegan, S. S. Harrison, A. G 
Harrison, Hazeltine, H.nderson, Heister, Hoar, 
1 the j Howell, Hubley, Hunt, Huntington, Ingersoll, 
itrike Janes, Richard M. Johnson, Henr^ Johnson, B 
n, and insert the following : Jones, Judson, Kennon, Kilsore, Kinnard, Lane, 
•' Section 2. ^iiid be it further enacted, That the I Lansing, Lawrence, Lay.G. Lee, T.Lee, Leonard, 
money hereby appropriated for the continuation ofl Lincoln, Logan, Love, Lucas, Job Man, William 
said road in Indiana and Ohio shall be applied to | Mason, Sampson Mason, May, McCarty, M. : •.!■ 
the sraduation and bridging; the same to be let j nan, McKiin, McLane, Miller. Milligan, -». 
out in contracts and sections, upon public notice, Muhlenberg, Page, Patterson, Dutce J. i 
to the lowest bidders, by such superintendent or! Phelps, rhillips. Potts, John Reynolds, ,' ■ ■ 
superintendents, engineer or engineers, as may ! Reynolds, Ripley, Schenck, Seymour, Shinn, 
have charge of said road, under tiie direction of the ! Sickles, Sloane, Spangler, Storer, Sutherland, Tay- 
S.'cretary of War; ProtiiJtd, The said .Secretary of lor, U homas, John Thomson, Toucey, Turner, 

War •■ ' "■' •.:,.-- • ■ ■ 

the continual 
cessary for the compl 



Tlie Kensoii Explained. 

The Richmond fVhig having published en- 
tirp the statement which appeared in the iie- 
Casey, Chanc^y, j^yj/jV of Tuesday in regard to Mr. Pierce's 
opinions, as reported in the two New Hamp- 
shire papers, observes : 

"We expressed the opinion eome lime ngo that 
the Frecsoilcrs, with Iheir chief, M.irtiu Van Bu 
ren, Ihoroughljr understood General Pierre. The 
revelations which w<- pnW<--li to .-f-v ilinm- n fl,j,,d 
of liffht upon the ,= '.1' ■ '^ ■ - ' • '■ i-tand 

why^Van Buren, >ii /- ■. '' i>=se. 

antVHallell, 



.d ihc 



thai he •LOAXHtD' U 
were all-sufficient i 
nd, being: nn 
y which I 



y direct so much of the appropriation for 1 Vanderpoel, Ward, Wardwell. Washington, Web- i the nr.yst'i 

nuation of the road in Ohio as may be ne- sier, E. Whittlesey, and T. T. Whiitiesey— 1U5. j -The Fi 

thereof east of Spring- 1 Nav«.— Meeira. C. Allan, Betde, Bean, Beau - --"■--■ 



, : i . T/ny knew 
r i:c enteitained 

, ,.i , '.' ., I .yiattcal fosat- 

nji.aii tii.,f,-..i bondage'— nnd 
Fo,ijitjve iSlave la-.v. The«e 
asons to command tbeir sup- 
known to the world, dispel 
iveloped Ihe euhject. 
1 supporting Pierce, support 



60 



THE SIGNAL 



andge Doitglaa on General Scott's Sxlgg^s- 
llou for tlie Bcuelit of Aliens wlio have 
served cho United Slates in time of ^Var. 

In his recent speech at Riclimoiid, Judge 
Doucj.is favored his hearers with an elaboraie 
criticism on so much of General Scott's letter 
of acceptance as embraces his promise to re- 
commend or approve of a "single alteration in 

■ our naturaliaation laws-, suggested hy my 

• [his] military experience, viz: giving to all 

■ foreigners the right of citizenship who shall 
" /iiilhfully serve, in time of war, one year on 
' board of our public ships, or in our land forces, 
' regular or volunteer, on their receiving an 
' honorable discharge from the service." On 
this clause of the General's letter the honor- 
able Judge makes the following comments: 

"But i( is a subject, of doubt whether Gcneri 

• Scolt proposes this '610516 alteration' as a subsl 

• tute for our cxisring naturalization law, or wh( 

' ther he proposes it as an additional law, so that 
" we shall have two distinct laws of naturalizal 

• I am compelled lo believe that he intends the 
' former proposition-for I need not tell this aud 
'encethat the Constitution of the United StaU 

' gives Congress the power to pass 'a uniform rul 

' If, therefore, General Scott means that we shall 

■ have two modes of naturalization— one being th. 
' existing form, and the other a year's service ii 

' the army— his proposition is unconstitutional and 
' impossible, and an absolute absurdity. Is it pos 
' sible that this candidate for t le Presidency neve 
' read the Constitution " 

And again: 

"Now, it this clause in the letter means Iha 
' General Scolt desires an addition to our natural 

• iration laws which would destroy their onifor 

• mity by giving unequal advantages, and offi-rinj 
' different modes of naturalization to different per 
' sons, he proposes an 'alteration' which is impos 
' sible under the Constitution." 

Now we are aware thai this opiii'on of tin 
honorable Judge is extrajudicial; and that h( 
might not consider himself bound by it in ; 
court of justice. But assuming this to be the 
honorable Judge's deliberate opinion, we think 
it only shows that he is not so good a lawyer, 
nor so well read in the Constitution, as General 
Scott. 

The clause of the Constitution touching the 
subject is in the following words : 

Congress " shall have power to establish an 
' viii/onnnik of natvi-alizatioii, and unil'urm 

• laws on the subjects of bankruptcies, through- 
' out the United States." 

The meaning of this is simply that the rules 
of naturalization, whatever ihey may be, shall 
be the same throughout the whole United 
Stales. It was deemed to be inconvenient 
that iNIaine should establish one rule of natu- 
ralization, and South Carolina another; because 
as the free inhabitants of each Stale were en- 
titled to all the immunities of citizens in all 
the olher States, the Stale of Maine, if the 
law was not uniform throughout all the States, 
might force on the State of South Carolina, as 
citizens, any foreigners that it might choose to 
viake citizens by its local lawn. 

Now the horkorable Judge leaves out the 
controlling words of the constitutional clause, 
"uniform throughout the United Stales," and 
argues that "offering different modes of nalu- 
ralization to different persons" is "impossible 
under the Constitution." 

If this is impossible under the Constitution, 
General Scott has certainly made an unwise 
suggestion; though it is not likely to damage 
any one, in view of this very "impossibility." 
But let us see how far the Judge is right. 

The very first Congress, March 26, 1790, 
passed an "act to establish s.n uniform rule of 



naturalization." (1 U. S. S., 103.) This act 
provided that any alien, being a free white 
person, should be admitted a citizen o-i two 
years' residence, on certain proceedings had, on 
satisfactory proof of good character, and on 
taking an oath to support the Constitution. 
This offered one mode of naturalization to one 
class of persons. To "different persons" it of- 
fered another mode of naturalization, to wit: 
the children of sucli persons so naturalized, un- 
der twenty-one years at ihe lime of the natu- 
ralization of their parents, were lo be considered 
as citizens of the United States, vyithotit any 
proceedings had, or wi'hout any proof of good 
character, or taking any oath to support the 
Constitution. Still a third mode was "offer- 
ed" by this same law, which provided that 
no person theretofore proscribed by any State 
should be "admitted a citizen as aforesaid," 
except "by an act of the Legislature of the 
State in which such person was proscribed." 
That is lo say, in the case of these particular 
persons, not only the two years' residence and 
other proceedings were necessary, but a special 
ac» of a State Legislature. 

Now we submit to the judicial consideration 
of Judge DouGL.\s — not Mr. Douglas, the 
stump orator — but lo the judge — ^whether or 
not "different modes" of naturalization are not 
here distinctly "offered" lo "different per- 
sons;" and if so, whether Congress has not 
actually done that which he pnniounces to be 
so clearly "impossible." 

On the 29th of January, 1795, the act above 
referred lo was repealed, and another act was 
passed " for carrying into complete effect the 
' power given by the Constitution to establish 
' an uniform rule of naturalization throughout 
' the United States." The first section of this 
act provided that any free white alien may be 
admitted a citizen who had declared an oath 
or affirmation before some one of the courts 
therein enumerated, at least three years before 
his admission, that it was his intention 
to become a citizen of the United States, 
and to renounce his allegiance to all for- 
eign powers. The same section provided that 
at the time of his application for admis- 
sion, he must swear, before one ol the 
courts named, that he has resided five years 
within the United States, and one year within 
the State or Territory where the court was 
held; that he will support the Constitution of 
the United States, and that he doth absolutely 
renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity 
to any foreign Prince, Potentate, State or Sov- 
ereignty. The same section provides that , the 
court must be satisfied thai such applicant has 
resided _/i«e years within the jurisdiction of the 
United Stales, and that during that time he 
has behaved as a man of good moral character 
and attached to the Coustitulioii. Any titled, 
erson was also obliged to renounce his title or 
order of nobility. 

Such was the mode offered lo one class of 
persons. Now let us look at the mode offered 
to different persons. The second section of the 
; act provided that any alien at the time of 
the passage of the law residing within the juris- 
diction of the United Stales, might be admit 
ted a citizen on declaring on oath in one of the 
Is enumerated that he had resided two 
years within the limits and under the jurisdic- 
tion of the United Slates, one of which had 
been spent within the State or Territory in 
hich such court was held; with similar oaths 
of fealty to Ihi; United States, and abjuration 

all foreign- allegiance, as provided in the 
fifth section. 

The third section of the same act provides 
for the naturalization of children, and then 
closes with the following proviso, which is en- 
tirely conclusive to the point that on the co/i- 1 



slitutional question General Scott is right and 
Judge Douglas is wrong: "Provided, also, 
' that no person heretofore proscribed by any 
' State, or who has been legally convicted of 
' having joined the army of Qreut Britain dur 
' ing Ihe late tear, shall be admitled a citizen 
' as aforesaid without the consent of the Le 
' gislature of the Stale in which such person 
' was proscribed." 

The next naturalization act was signed April 
14, 1802. The first section of this act corre- 
sponds substantially with the first section of 
the previous act, except that it waives the 
declaration of intention in the case of any alien 
who was residing within the limits of the 
United Stales at any time between the 29th 
of January, 1795, and the 18lh of June, 1798, 
and admits such alien wilhin two years after 
the passage of the act, "without a compliance 
with the first condition above specified." 

On the 26th March. 1804, an additional act 
was passed providing that any free white alien 
residing wilhin the United States at any time 
between the 18th June, 1708. and the 14th 
April, 1802, may be -ilnuih ,i ,. , ,m7,. :: ■■ ,,■,,'/,- 
'out a compliance uiii< " . , - ; 

f.ed in the first seen i i '■ > ; ' '. 

The act of May ',!, i::... i.i,.v..l.a il,at 
any free while alien who wasresiding vviihin the 
limits, &.C., of the United Slates, between April 
14, 1802, and June 18, 1812, and who has 
continued to reside wilhin the same, may be 
admitted without having made any previous 
declaration of his intention. 

Now, if our legislators have not been acting 
under a false view of the Conslilution for si.v- 
ty years and upwards, the proposed recommen- 
dation of Geneial Scott is clearly constitu- 
tional. It is, at all events, consistent with the 
clear legislative exposition of this clause of the 
Constitution. 

We have not discussed the policy of General 
Scott's suggestion. Our attention lias been 
confined exclusively to its fonsii7j(iion«/i'/j/, the 
objection raised by Judge Douglas. When it 
is assailed on other grounds, we may inquire 
into the propriety and wisdom of the proposed 
reward and inducements for meritorious ser- 
vices in <iHie of U'ar. Such rewards and in- 
ducements have been always held out by na 
lions, and our own country has deemed them 
wise in the case of her own citizens. V»''e see 
no good reason why they should not be held out 
to foreigners. The man who is willing to shed 
his blood for the United Stales gives a proof 
of his attachment to the country that might 
well enough supersede the necessity of a pro- 
tracted residence; but this point we do not 
undertake novs' to discuss. We have inten- 
tionally confined ourselves to the question of 
constitutionality alone. 

The honorable Senator from Illinois concedes 
by implication that General Scott is a better 
Soldier than Genera! Pierce. We are in- 
clined to think that Genera! Pierce would re- ' 
turn the compliment by conceding that. Gen- 
eral Scott is a better lawyer ihan Judge 
Douglas. 



General Pierce's Letter to R. G. .Seott. 

Where is this letter? Was it ever written; 
If written, was it ever sent? Has it miscarric<r; 
Pray, let us have the dead letter office searched. 
If written and received, why has iMr. Scott 
suppressed it? Why this concealment? Wlial 
was in that letter that will not bear the light? 

Is it kept back to please the Freesoilers? 

Is it kept back lo please Mr. Soule, Mr, 
FoKSVTH.and those who acted with them — of 
whom General Pierce is the "choice and 

nation?" 

There is a mystery about the withholding of 
this letter that calls for immediate solution. 



THE SIGNAL 



61 



Whig Frospects iu tlie Wcsl. 

If the feeling of the West be correctly repre- 
sented by the local press, we have reasons for 
believing that the following assertion of the 
Milwaukie (Wis.) Scnlind is neither exag- 
gerated nor exceptional ■ 

•* We know of scores, aye hundreds^ of good De- 
mocrata who will vote for Scott and Graham, not 
only bi caute they like the mm, bot for the ealce of 
llie principles Ihey represent. They know that in 
Bupporling- General Scott they Btrike a blow for 
encouragement to home industry, for protection to 
(he inleresta of the West, for river and harbor inn- 
provementa, and for the honor and welfare of the 
whole country." 

Democratic Support of General Scott — re- 
sultintT from a remembrance of his services and 
his personal superiority to Mr. Pierce— will 
not be unknown in the East; but in the West 
it may be relied upon to a large extent as a 
consequence of the greater adaptation of Whig 
principles and pulic-y to the circumstances and 
wants of ili:it |ioriionof the Union. Demo- 
cr.lUc 'l.iriniiis ciinnotby any process be made 
to mett Ihe exigencies of a region that requi 
in a peculiar degree the fostering aid of the 
General Governnnent. They are doctrines that 
may for a period deceive those who are content 
to be cheated with shadows and names; but the 
hundred different forms of trial to which they 
are subjected in a new country will inevitably 
bring about a proper estimate of their value. 
There is not a settler in Michigan, Indiana 
Illinois, Wisconsin, Missouri, luwa, or Miime 
sola, whose interests are not directly preju 
diced by Democratic policy. There is not : 
farmer or mechanic in the West whose condi- 
tion and prospects are not injuriously affected 
by the preponderance of Democratic principles, 
which, under the pretence of "leaving things 
alone," would close every avenue to commer- 
cial prosperity. 

The Whig principle of "Encouragement to 
Home Industry" appeals to the common sense 
and common interests of every western man. 
U is not to be overturned by the arts of the 
office-seeker, or the flimsy rhetoric of the dem- 
agogue. It is sustained by every week's quo- 
tations of prices forced below a living limit by 
a tariff that favors none but foreign capital and 
labor. It is brought to the farmer's remem- 
brace by each succeeding visit to store or mill, 
to "trade" for the su|)ply of family wants. Il 
is exemplified in unimproved mill-sites, and 
in the neglect of crops and products that wouk' 
open untold sources of wealth but for unre 
stricted competition with pauper labor. It is, 
above all, ilhislrated in rivers rendered unnavi- 
gable by rocks and sandbars, in harbors that 
are made worthless by the neglect of break 
waters and light-houses, in railroads planned 
for the development of distant resources and 
defeated by a Democratic Congress. 

Persevering and intelligent work will mali 
the whole West Whig. 



General Pie 






>u the Fuglti^ 

We published in our last some extracts 
from two New Hampshire papers, setting forth 
the views expressed by General Pierce at a 
certain meeting in New Boston, New Hamp- 
shire — the Manchester Democrat and the Con- 
Demncnil. We relied on the authority, 
notwithstanding it is purely Democratic. We 
presume that the two Demooals in question are 
now sustaining General Pierce for the Presi' 
dency with that •'perfect gush nf evtlijisiasm" 
which is said to have marked the Democratic 
proceedings at the Baltimore Convention. We 
presume that the Manchester I>cmoci-a« and the 
Concord Democrat aie now working in the same 
ranks with the Democratic Evening Post of 
New York and the Democratic villas of Albany. 
Our assumption rests on the repeated assevera- 
tions of the Ujiion that there is perfect harmony 
in the Democratic party in favor of Mr. Pierce. 
If this is the case, it does not intend to exclude 
the New Hampshire Democrats from the en- 
joyment of this unparalleled harmony and uni- 
versal " gush of enthusiasm." 

But the Union assails its Democratic friends 
of Concord and Manchester in language which 
we should never think of applying to our most 
bitter political opponents. The Union knows 
more about its own brethren than we can pre- 
tend to know. We have never mixed in such 
company. The Union denounces its brother 
Democrats as the editors of "shameless sheets;" 
as "Abolitionists of the vilest stamp;" as in the 
last degree "unworthy and vile;" as "the 
worst jackalls even of the party of jackalls;" 
tiawed knaves." It avers, on the au- 
thority of "the most respectable men in New 
Hampshire," that the "character for truth and 
veracity" of these twin Democrals cited by the 
Republic is "infamous." Il denounces its 
allies in the cause of Pierce as "dishonored 
and treasonable." 

We know nothing of all this. These men 
may be as bad as their ally of the Union de- 
scribes them to be, notwithstanding they claim 
to be Democrats, and are expected to go the 
whole figure for the Democratic ticket at the 
coming election. ^ 

,So much for the Concord Democrat and the 
Manchester Democrat. Now one word as to 
the statement of these journals. The Union 
says: 

'■ That it it falae— false in the general— false in 
' the detail— false in every a5pi>ct in which it can 
* be discussed — false from the beginning to the 
' ending— we have the authority of those who 
' know General Pierce personally for saying; who 
' knew of the speech here alluded to, and who de- 
■ clare that no such language as that attributed to 
' him ever fell from his lips at any time, on any 
' occaaiou, from his first entrance into public life 
' down to this hour." 



The Thdnder-clap 


-The 


revel 


ation of General 


Pierce'a "horn 


vitws" 


on the 


insli 


ution of slavery 


and the Fugiti 


ve Slave 


law h 


as Ih 


rown the Wash- 


iogton Union 


nto fits 


We 




r saw any thing 


ao frantic. In 




itabu 


ses ei 


erybody. Never 


waa there any 


thing SL 




oua £ 


3 the Whigacx- 


posing the pr 


ivwe ar 


d cor 


fider 


ial ODiniona ol 


General Pierce— opini 


na uttered 


ix montha ago, 


away down in 


New Hampah 


re, and only intendec 


for home cons 


amp.ion 


! Oh 


it wa 


a loo bad! And 



then the Union t 



De 



ot believe a word of it ! It is 
were made in two different 
iocratic papers long before General Pierce was 
bought of for the Preaidency. and the accounts 
gree exactly. But it exposes Democratic impos 



The 



1 Iherefii 
lithful 



it; 

this ton 



. to be credited ! 



not less 



erday than the Union by the start 1 
! All si^ns seem to portend the ' 



of the world! Certafn it is that Yanks 
are near their last gasp '.—Richmotid Wlii, 



Now this is pretty .strong language for one 
Democrat to apply to a statement of two other 
Democrats — and New Hampshire Democrats 
at that. In the teeth of this contradiction, we 
believe that these "outlawed knaves" — these 
"unworthy and vile" Democrats — have spoken 
the truth, and hard words will not disturb our 
belief in their averments. They may be as 
bad as their political brethren represent; but we 
believe them, because at the time in question 
they had no motive to misrepresent Mr. 
Pierce, as far as we can learn. At all events, 
they have no motive to misrepresent him now, 
when all the Democrats, including the Van 
Burens, DixES, Butlers, Flovds, Preston 
Kings, Molonvs, Campbells, Rantouls, 
and Atvvoods, have been received into full 
Democratic communion, and are claimed to be 
working together to elect Pierce with a per- 
fect "gush of enthusiasm." 



Now what will the New Hampshire Demo 
crats say I Will they confess themselves to 
be the lying knaves ihey are described by the 
Union? Did they in January last do Mr. 
Pierce the injustice which is attributed to 
them by the Union? Let them answer and 
settle the account with their friends of the 
Union. This is a family quarrel, and «an only 
be settled in the fainily. 

The Cantlor of tlie lluloii. 

The Union of the 14th inst. alleges that the 
"Freesoil Whigs of the House of Represent- 
atives are now flooding the Mrrlh willi the aholi 
' tion attack upon Pierce made vf by the aboli 
' tian organ here, the JS'alional Era, showing thai 
' his whole public life is in accordance with his 
' early and energetic support of the measures 
' of adjustment, and especially the Fugitive 
' Slave law." 

The italics arc the Union's. They are in- 
tended as a sort of typographical demonstration 
of the horror with which that candid and sin- 
cere journal, regards the circulation of a-certain 
article from the JVational Era. We do not 
know whether there is any truth in the state- 
ment that the Whigs are flanking off any 
such document. We know that such an arti- 
cle as is described appeared in the JYationat 
Era, because we happened to see it copied in 
the third number of the Campaign, a journal 
issued from the Union office, being the number 
of the 2()th of June; and also in the Union 
newspaper of about the same period. Thus the 
Union has given all the circulation in its power 
to this very article. Now if it were right in 
the (7nioH to circulate this paper, how can il 
be wrung in the Whigs? 

The Union republished the article to help 
Mr. Pierce, because it gave "date, and page, 
and names, to show that Pierce is with the 
South, body and soul." We use the Union's 
own language. 'Phis was a legitimate use of 
the article, if the Union believed in its allega- 
tions, and relied upon the dates, pages, and 
names cited. If noi, any use of the article by 
the Union was improper and dishonest. 

Has Ihe Union the exclusive privilege of 
using the articles of the Era to lay statements 
of fact before the country ? But the Union 
will say that its object was to benefit Mr. 
Pierce; that it desired to lay the article»be- 
fore the South ; whereas the Whigs, dishonest 
knaves as they are, are seeking to publish it at 
the North. Then the propriety of publishing 
the article depends on the direction to which it 
is mailed, does it? We apprehend that the mo- 
rality of this distinction is not entirely obvious. 
We do not know whether or not the Whigs 
are circulating the document in question. If 
they are, it does not lie in the mouth of the 
Union to upbraid them for it, unless the Union 
possesses some exclusive privilege in the mat- 
ter, of which we are not aware. 



In counting over the friends of Gen. Pierce, 
why does not the Union remember the Lond(Jii 
Times! Why does it not inform its readers 
that the Times hailed ihe nomination of 
Pierce with a perfect "gush of enthusiasm," 
on account of his well-known hostility to the 
protection of .American labor '? 

The Union expresses a very strong desire 
to have Mr. Webster run for the Presidency. 
Will the Union back this desire by supporting 
Mr. Webster? If it will, then we can be- 
lieve that its advice to Mr. Webster to run is 
given in good faith. 

The call for a mass convention of the Whigs at 
Columbus on the 22d July has been withdrawn, in 
consequence of the exaggerated reports of the pre- 
valence of cholera at that place. 



62 



THE SIGNAL. 



from the lirpublic. 
TUe Ueiuocratto Caudtdate Kiidorsed by 

tbc iSugll-lk Press as Descouded from 

Nubility Their Confidence in Kim— Their 

liaU'cd of WllUield scott. 
3b the Editor of Hit RipuUic: 

Sir: A friend in London haa -arnt mo a copy of 
the London Lfoder, dated 26lb June, and from an 
editorial article which it contains 1 make the fol- 
lowing- significam extracie: 

*'Frtitiktin Pierce is a lineal descendant ofo\irow\ 
faimlij of Percys; the Petcys of JVoithicinbnlatid, 
whose place in (Ac State is now occupied by the House 
of Umitltson. 

"From the incidenta and traits which we have 
no rapidly sketched, the character of the Demo- 
cratic canc|[|>iate can readily be collected. We 
should have been well pleased to see Judge Doug 
las chosen, altliough he is siiid to have a bias against 
our country; for lie is too hearty and intelligent a 
njan to tuUe any course detrimental to bis own. 
We are without information as to the wws of 
General Pierce on the suhjrct of en operation with 
Engiu'id; but we cai.not say Hi it we fiel any iip 
prelmsions on the point, and we shall await the final 
election not without share in Hie eonfidince vf many 
American friends that it will result well.^' 

Toihe casual observer these '•fir=t-rate notices" 
from the London Times, the monster organ of the 
English moneyed aristocracy, and the lees pretcnd- 
iD<i Liadir, may not appear of uiurh accouni; but 
when considered in connexion with the interfer- 
ence of Sir Henry Bulwer with the American Con- 
gress, and hie declaration that any increase in the 
protection afforded to American labor "would pro- 
duce a very disagreeable state of feeling in Eng- 
land," we can readily see why Mr. Pierce, being- 
a "descendant of their ov?n house of Percys," 
should be endorsed in the old country with suth a 
■•pcrlect gush of enthusiasm." What can be more 
significant than the declaration that they fearMr. 
Douglas is biased against English interests, but 
that they have "no apprehensions" as regards ftlr. 
Pierct? Who told the English aristocracy (hat 
Judge Douglas was intensely American in his 
feelings, and that Mr. Pierce would occasion 
them "no apprehensions" on that point? Did 
they learn it from his votes and speeches against 
the improvement of American rivers and harbors.' 
or did R.J. Walker, (Mr. Folk's Secretary of the 
Treasury,) who has beer many months in Eng- 
Is-nd, assure II. cm that Mr. Pierce would be care- 



dier executed, the blood of English prisoners should that Ihey stood pledged to abide by the resolution 
flow, AND HE wouLi) GIVE THEM NO QtjARTEu IN ol the Nashville Convention, wlj'ch recommended 
BATiLB. i I'le South to send no more delegates lo the National 

Is it strange that the Enalish aristocracy should | Convention lo nominate a President: 
like Franklin Pierce, "i. descendant of Ihoir own ; Washikoto.v, December 18. 

Percys," ari.l be anxious for hia election ? : j, jg ^„ ..^ror to suppose tlmt it is intended ly the 

U n singular that they should hate the i.efendex | Freesoile!-« to organize a parly on the old Aboliliun 
or THE Ikish, and the hero who has so olten van platform 

quiahed them on their own ground and with their \ t,,^ Freesoilers from Maine to Kentucky and 
own chosi^n weapons i> ^ . . . I Norih Carolina ai-a perfectly happy and content 

Thank God, WiNFiELD Scott 18 an American— |,o f^Uu^ ,[,« lead ol Thomas H. Benton, Ma, tin 
every inch of his scar-covered body, every throb yan Buren, Francis P. Blair, &c.,and as by them- 
and emotion of his heart and soul. His grand Uelves, even under such leaders, they are too weak 
father was killed in a battle against the Englub, I ,„ ^g-tct any thing, Ihey are perfectly willing to 
arid his father forced to flee Irom that kingdom : (-o^g ^^ck into the folds of the old Democratic 
with his lilc. „ .. . ' party, provided the latter, in return Jor such inag- 

The ancestors of Franklin Pierce were English . [lanimity, is willing to follow their lead. 

nobles, and they have "no apprehensions" that he ! -^^^ jj has been ascertained that William O. 

will not serve Iheir cause ! fhere is a choice be. i u„n^.r jg sufficient of a northern man to be put for- 

tween them. C. B. A. j ^^^d by Colonel Benton and hi8 friends; while the 

— ; extremists of IheSouih, of the school of Jefferson 

The article which follows we copy from the j Davis and others, declare themselves satisfied wiih 
Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle and Smtinel, of De- Butler being a slaveholder. If the Freesoilers and 
cember 2-1. 185!. It will be read with great pi'""'""'^'' can, in that way, sandwich the old 
,.',,,,.,. f ,. „^, • I liners, they will give to the Uovornment what di- 

interest just at this time, from the manner m i section they pleafe, both as regards internal and 
which the spirit of Its predictions has been re- ! external affairs. 

alized; not exactly in the person of General, What the Freesoilers now want, is loappropri- 
BuTLER, but in that of General Pierce. The ja'e <" 'hemselves the name of the "p.og^e^6ives," 
prophesy, that the "fra.ernal embrace" of '{-« i^^elr'/^r.^^^'mTntron'theL fifing;. Cfrtb'a 
Congressional caucus would be repeated in the l yj^w to second the Intetligincer, in iis daily cries of 
Democratic Convention, and that the Nashville languish about armed iniervention; but merely to 
Secessionists and the Buffalo Freesoilers would 'show what the real motives of some of thephilan- 
without reference to the ex- i ""opists are who are now for:emost in preaching 
, . „ J I popular dottrince, with a view of making thim- 

d influenced ij;.'^., „„„„,,, "y. 



come together, 

treine principles of each other, and 



alone by their love of spoils," has been fulfilled 
to the letter. Not only did they come together 
but it was in a "perfect gush of enthusiasm." 



1 selves popula 



The Germans ou the 'Whts; Nominations. 

The subjoined resulutionSj agreed to at a 
It was no heartless embrace, no matter of judg- 1 Whig meeting of German citizens in New 
ment merely— but their whole souls became li- ! York, merit aiT extended circulation. Consid- 
quid and were poured out like water. It must ' ered in connexion with expressions of opinion 
have been affecting to see Preston King and Mr. j by German citizens of Wisconsin on the eve of 
SoULE joining in this fraternal embrace, and ; the last election in that Slato, and with subse- 
Governor Brown from the inside of the con- iquent declarations in other parts of the Unioii, 
vention melting in a mutual gush of enlhusi- Uhpy indicate the progrtss of a change that is 
asm with Mr. Rantoul on the outside of the destined to tell severely on the fortunes of the 
window. But we will not detain our readers | Democracy. The magic of a name must be of 
from the article of the Chroniek and Sentinel: i brief duration in the presence of a policy which 



En; 






ThbNj 



and Ihat'ihe money of Englii 



urds and manu- 1 
iCnt over here to j 
elp the Democracy in fostering English interests 
by deprehsing American ones, and helping a parly 
irilo power which will "co-opebate" with Eng- 
land in a Kossuih war.' It looks very like it. The 
late emphatic endorsement of the Democratic par- 
ty by Kossuth, and his arrogant attempt at dra- 
gooning ihe German population into voiing as a 
body lor Pierce, taken in connexion with that 
part of the Democratic platform which endorsee 
intervention, may well shake ihe faith and invite 
the scrutiny of Americans. 

Will the South rush madly into Ibis scheme o! 
foreign war, when Ihe very men who are to be 
liberated avow in advance their determination to 
assist the slave population of this country in an 
armed and bloody insurreciion against their peace- 
ful and lawful maslers? Will the Irish population 
of this country— the brave conntryincn of fllont- 
goniery and Sullivan— countenance a party aodea 
titute of principle, and reckless of consequences, as 
to employ such means to obtain the paltry spoils 
of ofljct? In the name of Heaven, hive they not 
suffered wrong and oppression enough at the hands 
of Ihe Englieb nobility, the bnd ownersandabaen- 
Jees, the Percys, Smiihsona, Ruasella, and Palmer- 

fitOBE.' 

That the English press abuse General Scott is 
not in the least surprising. On Ihe 5th of J.ly, 
)S13, with only 1,900 raw Americans, and him- 
self liltle past boyhood, he met on an open plain 
at Chippewa 2,100 British regulars, most of whom 
stere the flower of the British army, and defeated 
and utlerly routed, and in part captured them at 
the point of the bayonet. This humbled their 
pride, and they have not forgotten it Alter rout, 
'ng Iht British army repeatedly on their own soil, 
he was finally taken prisoner by an immensely- 
superior lorcc, and conveyed lo Quebec on a trana 
port wilh hia men. While on their way, the Irish 
soldiers who had Ibught with him were singled out 
by the British olBcer, and were to be sent to Eng i 
land lo be hung. Scolt, though unarmed, imme- 1 
diately appeared on deck and slopped the pro-j 
ceedings, in spite of the British otticer and his 
threftU. He warned them that for every Irish sol- 1 



, everlastingly belli 



Democbacv. — As it may not be 

southern men lo watch the pro- 
gress of events connected with the efforts now mak- 
ing by the Freesoil Democrats of Ihe North and 
the Secesiion Democrats of the South, to unite and 
refornjjthe National Democratic party, we com- 
mend Tb their consideration the following exiract 
from the Washington corcspondence of the Balti- 
more Sun, a neutral paper, although the writer of 
the letter is a Democrat. 

To those familiar with the history of the sauth- 
ern wing ■ f tbia new coalition, their twistings and 
turnings for the last few years, it will excite no 
Burpriae to see them now following in the lead of, 
and playing second fiddle, to Thomas H. Benton 
and Francis P. Blair; the latter of whom acquired 
so much notoriety during the last Presidential 
canvass by his support of Mr. Van Buren, the 
FrecGoil candidate, for which he was denounced 
by them in no measured terms. Nor have they 
been less severe, since that period, on Mr. Benton, 
who they have assured the country was coalescing 
wilh the Freesoilers, and would willingly sacrifice 
the South to secure himself a place. 

These facts are matters of history, as well as the 
movements of thc-iouthern wing.lo send delegates 
to the National Convention. If, therefore, the 
correspondent of the Sun, who is an intelHgent, , . , . . 

bserving Democrat, does not err in his judgment ?-"]^r"tf"t„ 
' ' ■ - a nf 11,,^ +,.,r. t'CSOi workingiii 



'•Resolved, That we hail Ihe nomination of Wi.s 
FiELo Scott and William A. Gbaham, by the 
Baltimore Whig Convention, as a happy one; thai 
we give it our hearty approval, and will support 
it in the ensuing election. 

''Resolved, That we endorse the cardinal princi- 
ples of the Whig- party, and will do our best to 
sustain and realize them. 

"Resolved, That we, as American citizens of 
German birth, aim at realizing those elements of 
progress which are contained in the principles of 
the National Whig party. 

"Resolved, That we will use our efforts for spread- 
ing, wilh all possible means, at proper time and in 
proper places, the principles of Liberty and Inde- 
pendence upon which our Union is based, and for 
I which our heroic leader, M.ijor General Winfielu 
Scott, haa risked his lile in nomeroua battles. 

"Risolvid, That we will strive for the advance- 
ment of our home industry, not only by a wise pro- 
tective tariff, but also by Ihe protection of work- 
ingmen's associations by the Slate. 

"Resolved, That we recognise Ihe principles of 
advancing measures of internal improvements by 
the Federal Governmentas just and right, and that 
n ought to be [jaid to eocie- 
oftheprSsent purposes and intrigues of Ihe two I"""' «o' -'•;£'—"'■■ eucfi instances, 
wings, the alliance of these two extreme factions! "Resolved, That the public domain, at the pre- 
will be coosummated-fAi's /crmng a CBaiific., I ""i' s<--»'« of o""" P"bl'c treasury, ought not longer 
toithout reference to the extreme ■principles of each i to be used pa a revenue, but given up to actual sci- 
other, and influenced aloneby their love of spoils. So ""b under favorable lerrae. 

potent are ihey, that they bring together in fralcr- "Resolved, That we, as German speaking Ameri- 
nal embrace in the Congressional caucus, and will j cans, do in no wise intend to separate ourselves 
doubtless in the convention. Chase of Ohio, and | from our English speaking fellow citizens, or aim 
Daviaof Mississippi, Rantoul and Meade, Preston : at separate enda, but wish to be cordially united 
King and Brown, Hale and Soulfe, Cleveland and ! wilh them in good harmony for a common cause- 
Jackson , Seward and Mason, and a host of others | the prosperity of the people, the advancement of 
occupying equally extreme positions. And to j our country's well-being, and the principles of 
accomplish such a union, southern men are invoked Liberty and Independence upon v-bich thia Union 
to unite in sending delegates to the National De. is founded." 

mocralic Convention; and that, too, by men who, I 

but a few weeks since, were most vehement in I Life or Scott.— Messrs. Biirnes & Co. have 
their denunciations of all parties at the North, as i printed six thousa-.d ol Mansfield's Life of Scott 
unsound, and not to be trusted. Indeed, so averse j since ihe nomination. Thia is the only authentic 
were they to any political alliance with the North, I Life, and lain great demand. 



THE SIGNAL 



63 



S^emocraliu 'ic»iliuo>s>* for ^eott* 

We have heard a great deal about ihe dis- 
=aijsfac;i(in exprpssed by two or lliree Union 
%Vhi!; journals in Georgia in referenoe to ihn 
numi'iation of General Sooit; and ihe Union 
Bill! labors indffaiigably lo produce an impres- 
siiin ihat ibn whole Compnjiuise prees of that 
Slaie — ^Vhig and Democratic — is united in 
favor of Mr. Piekce. We have proved, on the 
Contrary, that reliable VV'hig papers have given 
in iheir hearly adhesion to Scott in Georgia 
as well as in every other Southern Stale; and 
wo n(iw append evidence that at least one 
Union Democrat is prepared lo follow their ex 
ample. We quote from the Macon (Ga.) Cit- 
izen, an able and influential Democratic au- 
thority : 

"First, then, on the acore of pergonal smnce to 
thfi <;ounlry, who takes Ihe palm? AiiBwer, Gen. 
WinfieldScoU, nem con. 

'•2'). On the ground of ability, honesty, and other 
qualificaiionf, to whi,m shall the rewii'd be ren- 
dire.? A^ain, we say, to Gen Scott. Gen. Pierce 
has never flown any extraordinary capacity (or 
civil or military government. 

••3<). On Ihe score of principle, to whom shall we 
give Ihe prelererct? We fancy Ihat this point ie a 
mat'er o1 taste or opinion. As a Democrat of the 
J.icksnn and J. ff rton erhool, our preference indi- 
vidually would he given (o Gen. Pierce, decided- 
ly, beraufe on all the past issues wliii h have divi- 
ded the people, our affinities and fetlinge have 
been with Ihe Democracy of the country. But the 
qorption arifea, are not all these old issues obsolete, 
drfuncl.or settled? If they are^ then we would 
give up our pn judicea in favor bt Gen. Pierce, so 
lar ne ihey are concerned. 

"4ih. As lo sounane«»on the great question in 
which Ibc !^o"lh ie deeply interesieo, whi< h of these 
cnndidatea is the most ncciptable lo Georgians? 
General Pi. rce ia a Khrthm man— Scott a South 
irner and slaveholder. General Pierce voted in 
Congresn lo receive aboliiion peiiiions. General 
Scott has no auch sin to answer for. General 
Pierce has accepted the Deinocratic nomination, 
and placed himself up.,n the pl-.ifrm which baa 
l.ecn put forth as the platform of the Demoorac-y. 
General Scott has accepted the nomination of the 
Whig Convention, and placed himself on its plal- 
fo-m. Both ptnttorma are good enoueh — one 
adopted by the Whies. as a conditi.in fricedmt to 
the nomination, and that adopted by Pierce and 
the Deniocrate, as a condiiionsu/ufqiiitit. wl en the 
c<"nvtuiion was in a disorgnnizeo and confuaed 
elate, and more than half ot the meinbera had lelt. 
On this head, therefore, we opine there is but little 
lo choose lit tween the nominationt; but the ten- 
dency of things is in favor of Scott. 

"5ih, and bslly. What has been the assoeia 
ti n of ilie5egenil?men? -A man ie known by the 
company he beepa ' -Birda of a feather fl..ck to 
geiher,' &c.^ General Scoci is said to be under the 
inffuerice ol Seward, Hale. Greeley and Company. 
Perhapa he ie— General Pierce, by p patilv of rea- 
."onine, may be said lo be under Ihe influence of 
Van Huren, Rantoul.Gi.ldinga.and Ihe New York 
(Freesoil) Post, who are loud in his praise. But, 
luriher, who support General Pierce, and oppose 
Gen.ral .-^cat, in the South? Why, all the Filli- 
busicre. Fire eaters, Secessionists, Nulliliers. Dis- 
u!iionista,u(fraLocnf .ros,&c. Every man of them, 
from Pedee to the Rio Grande. 

"What then should Union Democrats and 
Whigs, Killnaore men. Webster men, and Critten- 
den men, do in puih an emergency? Shall Ihev 
surrender to lh<ir enemies who have ejected theii) 
from the "Dnion Hotel," and now claim to be the 
proprietorsof the Concern, all splendid as it is, in 
us loitering and dilapidated condition? 

"Of all others, the Fillmore men of Georgia 
should stand by General Scolt. These Fillmore 
men would go to Ba'timore — they would partici- 
pate in the proceedings of the Whig Convention, 
and they are, iherefcre, politically, if not mora'ly, 
bound to abide Ihe aciiun of that T.ody. The con. 
dition priceilent, laid down and dtmanded l.y them, 
was con plied nith by the convention. The Com 
/).om«c platform was adopted, and it ia admitted 
onallhanda that it is as good if not abetter plat- 
form than that of the Democratic Convention. 
What excuse then have Fillmore Whigs fjr re- 
fusing to support Scott? None, we imagine, but 
si eer spile or envy, because Iheir favorite was not 
nominated. Why should they support Pierce in 
preference? We would not detract an iota from 
the liiuie or services of the latter. We would not 



Ibrow a single blot on the escutcheon of hia revc 
lulionary ancealry. Diatinguished ae Gen Pierre i 
innybeinibe annuls of hie country, when com-! 
pared with the lofty patriotism, brilliant sorvicea, ■ 
ind glorious lame ot hia competitor, he is a pigmy ! 
alongside of a giant! With th« lights then before I 
UP, and no thir.l candidate intervuning whom we 
may like better, we cannot hesitate to give our 
jopport to Gen. Scolt." 



From the Republic- 
Hr. Faulkner, 

In giving place to the following communica- 
tion, we take oec.tsion to say that we have 
modified some of its harshest expressions and i 
remarks — especially those of a personal hearing: 
To the Editar of the Kepublic. 

Sir : As Mr. Faulkner's name has gone 
forth to the country as a seceding Whig, because 
of the nomination of General Scott, allow me to 
aay Ihat that is not the true reason for bis course. 
Mr. Faulkner, when a candidate for Congress, 
was written to aeveral times by Whigs, who asked 
him the simple question, .\icyou a Whig? But 
he could not be induced to put pen to paper and say, 
I am. I myself asked him the question, Are you a 
Whig? His reply was, I am a Union man. True, 
he did say to some four or five Whigs, who would 
not support him wilhout, that if ihey would elect ' 
him they would hive a good Union Tariff Whig 
but no ."ooner was he elected than appeared in oni 
of tbe Locofoco papers of Ihe diairict a communi 
cDtiun announcing by authority that be would 
support theL.-Cofoco party. He is now a aupportei 
ot Pierce and King, and expscte lo make a speech 
soon in their Cefeuce at Marlinaburg; so bia friends 
announce. Hie diatrict gives seven hundred Loco 
foi o m.ijority, which i"B the true cause of his 
change. The appearance of his name to the lately- 
published card cuused mjch amuaement to tho=e 
who know him. 

As his name is not hnown beyond Ihe limits of 
his district, we will inform his southern aaaociates 
aa tosome of bis anicotdeuts. He delivered in one 
of his public speeches oi^e of Ibe most severe phil 
ippicsogatnsf slave jever uttered— aa violent as anj 
by Giddings. Hale himself never wenl further ir 
his oppoailion to slavery than thia faithful south 
crner, Charlee James Faulkner 

In 1832 he voted in the Legielalure for the 
emancipation of sl-3very in the Slate of Virginia ; 
and yei he. is too pood a southern man to vote for 
Virgiuia'a noblist aon, Wintield Scolt. He has 
nevtr since 1S32 had the confidence of Ihe slave 
lioldera of his diairict ; and as to bis Whiggery, 
Ihe Whigs of the disirict repudiate him as unfaith 
ful to his pledges and lo his party, and aa.an unsafe 
politician for the South. 

Never have the Whigs of Virginia been more 
united than now. it ia confidently believed ihat 
she will give her first Whig vote for her own no 
ble aon, who for forty years has been fighting Ihe 
battles of his country. Under our new constitu- 
tion, Virginia has admitted 33,on0 new voters, 
most of them from the mountainous West, where 
the drum and the fife can do wonders The ab- 
surd charge of abolition will not hurt Scott here. 
All know that the same false charges were made 
against Harrison in 1840, Ibe immortal Clay in 
IS'14. and Taylor m 1S48; and the same would 
be made against George Washington had he been 
lift 10 us, were ha now the candidate of the 
V\ hig parly. I envy not the heart of those who, 
tor the sakeof personal advancement, will consent 
to slander and abuee the noble old defender of his 
country— a hero who, whilst they were crouching 
in ftn: beneath thiir mothers' apron, was pour- 
ing- out his blood in defence of his beloved 
country. Surely no one can seriously accuse 
Winfield Scolt of being dangeroua to any section 
of our common country. 

A VlBS NIAN FBO-m'Wr. FaCLKNEr's DlSTHlCT 



Onk Disadvantage of Ges. Scott.— A Ten- 
nessee paper says: "Gen. Pierce has one advan 
tae-e over Gen. Scott. Gen. PiPow testifies ihal 
Geu. Pierce 'served under me' (Pillow) in .Mix- 
ico. Alas, poor Scott; he never had that honor." 



Iaine.- There has been a split in the Demo- 
icranba in the Penobscot distiict, and each 
'00 irt running its own candidate. One party 
put up Hastings Strickland, of Bangor, and the 
■r, laaiah Wateihouse The Whig candidate 
irael Waahburn, jr., one of the beat and most 
popular men in the State of Maine,— Boston Mia*. 



The Richmond Euqtiirer, which is as fran- 
tic as the Union in regard to the recent publi- 
cation of Mr. PiERCfc'g remarks at New BuS' 
ton, observed on Saturday: 

"What enhances the outrage in Ihe present at- 
tack upon General Pierce is the f.ict that it origi- 
iialca with the Waahington Ripublic. And what 
did Ihia same Republic, a few oaye since, eay cf 
Frank Pierce? Wc quote from it:' 

" "On the slavery qucaiion, Mr Pierce ia undoubt- 
edly eommilled to aoudiirn views; and in his aupport, 
Mr. Rantoul and his associate Freesoilera of Lynn 
and the neighborhood will have an ample opportu- 
nity of manifesting the exicnt to which they ar« 
willing (in Mr. Hanloul's language) to 'cat 
flouthcrn dirt.' ' 

"Again says the Republic: 

" 'A more thorouffh and comprehensive cave in 
than that of the Frecsoil leaders and of Young 
America, in regard to the nomination of Franklin 
Pierce and William R. King, we have never wit- 
nessed. ^ 

" 'The N. Y. Euening Post takes the matter as 
kindly as the Washington f/iiion. Mr. Pierce i*. 
as tuUy committed to t'he Compbomise measubes 

AS ANV OTHER .MAN IN THE COUNTRY, and E»PEtl- 

ALLV to the Fugitive Slave law, without reler- 
cnce to the reaolutiona of the convention, wbi.h 
the PtiSl Ireata aa a humbug and 'farce' He waa 
the principal speaker at Ihe great Union nieetiug 
held in New Hampahire in November, 1850. or 
thereabouts, to which Mr. Webster and the late 
Judge Woodbury addressed letters that have not 
been forgotten. Mr. Pierce spoke hia opinions 
pretty strongly, touching Abolilionista and Free- 
soilera, just at that lime." ' 

Without referring to our files to compare the 
above citations, we think it highly probable 
that the paragraphs are correctly quoted. We 
have certainly thought, and have no doubt said, 
that Mr. Pierce was committed to the Com- 
promise measures and the Fugitive Slave law, 
and that he was committed to southern views 
on the slavery question. So we say now. But 
we did not then know that Mr. Pjerce was 
coratnitted on both sides, though that fact would 
explain the "gush of enthusiasm" with which 
his nomination was hailed both by Secessionists 
and Freesuilers. 

If Mr. Pierce's character has not been con- 
sistent, it is no fault of ours. If Ihe Enquirer 
cannot reconcile his speech at New Bostoii 
wilh his previuni? committals to southern views 
and the Compromise measures, it cannot ex- 
pect assistance from us. A specific allegation 
is made with reference to what ftlr. PitRCE 
said at New Boston. Tlie New York Post 
(Democratic) is pleased with it, and calls on 
us for more of the same sort. The Richmond 
Enquirer (Democratic) says it is an outrage, 
and appeals to the Republic as a witness of 
high authority to \\\s frentrcd good character. 
Now our testimony to his general character 
is good as far as it goes, but it does not rebut 
the testimony o{ two witnesses lo a specific fact 
abniit which we kiunc itolhinp. If we had 
been at ^ew Boston, and denied that General 
Pierce said tliere what is alleged, ihat would 
have been something substantial for the En- 
quirer to go upon; but the Enquirer must ex- 
haust other sources of evidence before it can 
rely on the general character of ihe accused for 
his acquittal. 



The Difference.— The Democrats have great 
difficohy in proving that General Pierce distin- 
guished himself in Mexico. The fact seems to he 
very obscure, and involved in much doubt. The 
Whiga have no trouble of the kind. Gen. Scoti'a 
military tame ia no more in need ofproo/than Ihe 
existence of the Miasiasippi river; and no more to 
be missed or overlooked than Ihe Alpa by a travel, 
ler in Switzerland. General Pierce's glory, on the 
other hand, alrearfj/liea buried under Ihe common 
rubbish of the Mexican campaign, and hia friends 
have to root it out, like pige hunting for acorns. 
{Frankfort (Ky-) Commonwealtii, 



fU 



THE SIGNAL 



Religious Tests. 

The fact that the Democracy of New Hamp- 
shire maintain to this day a constitutional test, 
to the prejudice of the Catholics, is one of a 
thousand minor things that tend to determine 
the issue of the present canvass. To counter- 
act the impressicm likely to be produced on the 
adopted Catholic citizens of the West, the Chi- 
cago (111.) Democrat has set afloat the story 
that the position of Democratic New Hamp- 
shire is in this regard no worse than that of 
. Whig North Carolina. This is the shape in 
which the mare's-nest ot the Beiiwcrut' now 
"goes the round:" 

"The Whig candidate for Vice President Uvea 
in Norlh 'Carolina, which State had a constitution, 
and in that conaiitution it is providerl, 'that no 
person who shall .i.-ny tlje U.Ang of God, orlhe 
truth of the Pr« . ; , ,,r , , 1 ; :,, or ihe Divine au- 
thority of cither i:. 'i . N !'. aamcnt, orwho 
shall hold religi-i ;,:: ,t mi umpatible with 
the freedom and ,., .,, >i.iif, shall be capa- 
ble of holding an} u::„. I, o, ,,;.t,.i; ol trust or profit, 
in (he civil government within this State.' 

"Now, it has occurred to us to ask if IVIr. GuA- 
HAM made equally strong exerlions to have the 
foregoing test expunged from the constitution of 
North Carolina." 

The Chicago Journal nails the 
counter, and clinches it thus : 

"North Carolina originally hadsacb a clause i 
her constitulion, te((Ac tFldg party, ul which M 
Gbaham is a leader, being in power thtre, struck it 
out. 

"New Hampshire also had such a clause in h( 
constitution, and (Ac Locofoca parfj, of which M 
Pierce is a leader, being in power there, still r, 



Kjuiry tot 



For the Signal. 
CAMPAIGN SONG. 

BT D. BETHDNE DUFFIELD. 

Air — "La petite Tambour;'" or ".'} wet slieet i 

flowing sea." 
Our good flag, with its star? and stripes, 

And a hand that holds it fast; 
That waves it proudly to the breeze, 

The battle, and the blast — 
The battle and the blast, my boys, 

Down thro' two score of years, 
Our leader Scott has borne it high, 

And quench'd the nation's fears.' 

CHORDS. 

Oh! give me our flag, its stars and stritjes. 

And Scott to hold it fast, 
To wave it proudly in the breeze. 

The battle and the blast. 



as Scott, 
;cry; 
strong r 



nd, 



"SOUP." 
Their cannon out-roar'd Niagara : 

And, wreathed with her rising s-pray, 
Rose the war-smoke of Chippewa's battle. 

And floated in light away ; 
And the Cataract's rainbow shining 

Gleamed bright in the setting sun. 
When It was onr lot to stand for Scott, 

By the side of the heated gun. 

Good soldiers stood there in scarlet, 

Brave men fell in bulTand blue ; 
And thirty long years rolled over, 

But, when there waswoi-A to do, 
We bethought us of Chippewa's battle. 

And dueenstown and Lundy's Lane, 
And straightway they sought Old Hasly, 

To go to the wars again. 

His soldiers faced death in each battle, 

Though some were too sick to go. 
He was ill enough when he got home again, 

Hut never in Mexico ; 
For fighting was physic and food for him, 

Meat, drink, boarding, washing, and all, 
And he swallowed his soup right hastily 

While he listened the bugle call. 
He bore the brunt of the foes in front, 

More brave than the foes behind him, 
And the foes in front and the foes in rear 

Might ever know where to find him; 
The fight was tough, and the way was rough. 

And the smoke made his old eyes dim, 
But he rode with a light true bridle-hand'. 

And his horse never fell with him. 

His country's truest soldier, 

The old soldiers' firmest friend. 
He fought his way from the first set-out 

Clean through to the bitter end ; 
From the sea-beach lines at Vera Cruz 

To Mexico's towers and dome. 
And when the long campaign was ended 

They arrested and sent him home. 



Oh! foraleade 

We hear the 
His brave old heart, his strong right 

And his white plume waving high- 
And his white plume waving high, my boys 

Amid our banner's folds, 
As by the magic of his name 

The People's trust he holds. 



Oh! give ine our flag, &c. 

With Scott and Graham at the helm, 

All storms we may defy, 
We'll safely reach our port at last, 

Tho' the wild waves heave us high 

Tho' the wild waves heave us high, my boys 

The rocks are on our lee, 
And soon our gallant ship will ride 

Triumphant o'er the sea. 



Oh ! give nic our flag, &c. 

There's promise in yon mighty shout, 

Like tones from thunder-cloud. 
And hark ! the music, gallant Whigs, 

The People cry aloud — 
The People cry aloud, my boys, 

For Scott, the brave and free, 
And now they only wait the hour 

To hail his victory. 



Oh! 



; our fla 



^, Its stars and stripes. 

And Scott to hold it fast. 
Who always waves it high low'rds Heave 

The victor's flag at last. 
Detroit, July 12, 1852. 



Louisiana.— On Satu 
most distinguished citizf 
had just arrived here 
assured us that Louisian 
was Mr. Filln 



tizens of New Orlenr 

re dircrt from that cil 

liana, although he 

ill, beyond all question, givi 

Gen. Scott a larger majority in November than sh. 

bas ever yet given for any candidate for the Presi- 

(Jency. —Aouisui/le Journal. ■ 



3f the 






.S3 Come , 
made by the Fr 
o be addressed 
ng the week, ) 
;ral. He left this 
ngton. Old birdi 
vith chaff. 



ND Gone —Alter all the flourish 
e Press in regard to the meetinir 
by General Cass in this city dur- 
■ spiech is to be made by the Gen- 
city this morning for Wnsli- 
like him are not to be caught 
He has been sacrificed oy his party to 
make room for a candidate never before heard of, 
and he is not disposed to identify himself with the 
fortunes of so desperate a political adventurer 
So the Pierce mass meeting will have to be post- 
poned, or held without any countenance from 
General Cass. He positively refused to address 
the meeting. This is most significant. 

[Delr„U Tribune. 

A tremendous ash pole was to have been raised, 
but, unfortunately, as it was slowly being lifted to 
Its place, the supports gave way and it came to the 
ground with a crash. -Cin. Atlus. 

"Came to the ground with a crash." So will 
their tall chieftain in November next!-£'7i9i«V«r. 

Our tail chieftain never did come to the ground 
with a crash, though riddled by the bullets of the 
enemy, but your short chieftain did come to the 
ground with a crash several times in Mexico with- 
out even being touched by bullet, pike, sword, or 
any other dangerous iinplement. 

[ Louisville Journal. 



From the Detroit Advertiser. 
CAMPAIGN SONG. 

OLD CHIPPEWA. 

Am— "Rosi)i(/iei?oic." 
We are up! Don't you hear the Whig tlui 

We come with a hearty huzza ! 
What foe ever heard v/ithout terror 

The war-cry of Old Chippewa? 

Chorus — The war-cry, • 
From Queenstown, where nobly he battled, 

Niag'ra, where gory he lay. 
The people re-echo the thunder, 

And gather for Old Chippewa. 

From Mexico's snowy sierras. 

Her vales where they bask in the dav. 

Comes the voice of his valor and virtue'. 
The glory of Old Chippewa. 

North, South, East, and West, it aribes 

No faction that thunder can stay ; 
It hails, with the blessings of freemen, 

Their champion and choice — Chippewa. 
His breast has been plough'd by tho British, 

And forty campaigns make him gray ; 
But we'll wreath his high brow wifli the lauj 

And glory in Old Chippewa. 

When Mexico's millions were ofl'ered. 

From his country to win him a.5tray — 
" Though poor, I II love, live, and die by her 

So answered our Old Chippewa. 
The hero that can't lose a battle, 

Win-field wins the field in each fray ; 
We'll be, while Scott fights for our freedom, 

Hcott free, with our Old Chippewa. 
A Lundy's Lane/ttss with the British, 

A fiiss on Chepultepec's day ; 
Thus the feathers will fly from the Locos, 

When they come across Old Chippewa. 
'Tis strange, though in stratagem able, 

He can't make a feint in a fray ; 
A fall, save when riddled with bullets. 

Ne'er happens to Old Chippewa. 
With the high soul of honor to nerve him, 

And good soup his stomach to slay, 
Come Mexicans, British, or Locos, 

They're nothing to Old Chippewa"! 
The Locos selected a leader. 

But their managing masters .said nay ; 
So they straw-stufled the coat of a hero. 

And set it 'gainst Old Chippewa. 
Poor fellows ! they're tired of their fetters. 

And shrink from the trick with dii 
All true-hearted Democrats spurn i 
And rally round Old Chippewa. 

Home-toil, with the iron of England, 
Free-trade Pierce would pierce and w 

But Scott hkes the ore of the Keystone- 
He used it at Old Chippewa. 

No despot will dare to insult us, 

No traitor our Union betray. 
With him who has bled to defend us, 

Our President— Old Chippewa. 

The pure, and the wise, and the noble. 
His country's best guardian and stay ; 

In camp or in cabinet peerless ; 
Oh, who is like Old Chippewa.* 

Make way ! for a torrent is coming — 

The millions in battle array; 
Their glad shouts will soon cleave the welkii 

For Victory and Old Chippewa. 



ismay ; 



aid slay; 



Scott is a dead 



Likeother "d 
to Washington. - 



letter in this county. 

[Coshocton (Ohio) Democrat. 
Id letters," he will besentstraig 
Raleigh Register. 



Mr. Websteh's position (says the New York 
Exprrss) is defined in his speeches In Mr. Ev- 
erett's revised edition there are several declarations 
hke the following: (Vol. U. p. 126.) 

"I am a Whig. I have always been a Whig, 
snd I always will be one; and if there arc any who 
would turn me out of the pale of that communion, 
'lei them see who will get out first.' &c. "lam 
ready to submit to all decisions of IVhig conventions 
or subjects on which they are authorized to make deci- 
sions," 4-c. ^-c. 




E SIGNA 




PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, BY G. S. GIDEON. 



No. 5.] 



WASHINGTON: JULY 31, 1852. 



[Vol. 



THE SIGNAL: 



The undersigned i.s now publishing, at . 
the city of Washington^ a Whig Campaign ' 
Paper under the abov« title, devoted to thej 
support of WINFIELD SCOTT, for Pre-! 
sident, and WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, for! 
Vice Pre.«ident. j 

The Signal will be emphatically a Na-l 
tional Press, designed for circulation in j 
every section of the country. The object j 
of the paper will be to harmonize the ac-i 
tion, and promote the efficient organization ; 
of the Whig Party, as well as to diffuse its{ 
principles and arouse its spirit and enthu- 
siasm, j 

It will also furnish a convenient com- 
pendium of all the facts and documents 
bearing upon the case made by the respec- 
tive parties and candidates, and preserve 
in a form for future reference a complete 
history of the canvass. A full index will 
be given in the last number, which will 
add materially to the permanent interest 
and value of the work. 

The great popularity and success which 
attended the Battery, published by the 
undersigned during the last Presidential 
canvass, induces him to retain the same 
form and size in the Signal. 

The publication will be continued each 
week until the election, the results of wliich 
will be given in full in the last number. 

TERMS. 

The Signal will be published weekly, 
until after the Presidential election in 
November, at the following rates, viz: 

Single subscription $0 50 

Five copies ------- 2 00 

(Being at the rate of 40 eta. for each subscriber.) 

Fourteen copies 5 00 

(Being at the rate of 3S els. for each subscriber.) 

Thirty copies 10 00 

( Being at the rate of SSj cts. for each subscriber.) 

Fifty copies 15 00 

(Beingat therateof 30ct8. for each subscriber.) 

0(^"No paper will be sent unless the 
order is accompanied by the money. i 

All letters must be post-paid, and ad- j 

dressed to I 

GEO. S. GIDEON, 



TiFE SIGNAL 



nESPATCHES OF 

WINFIELD SCOTT. 

B.A.TTLES OF 
CONTRERAS AND CHURUBUSCO. 



RF.POBT OF MA.tOR GF.NERAL SCOTT. 



Aor.iis 



Jd^Wesend this nun- 
friends throughout the C 
vices in aiding our circu 
licit. Attention is called 



■r 10 many of our Whig 

[ion we respectfully so» 
the terms. 



No 1. 

FlEAD-IJtJARTERS OF TflE Al 

TIN, AciPULCO ROAD, V 

J^^ine miles from Mexico, .Oii». 19, 1847. ) 
Sir ; Leaving a competent garri-son in Puebla, 
this army ads meed upon the capital, as follows: 
Twiggs's divifiion, preceded by Harney's brigade 
of cavalry, the Tth; duilman's division of volun- 
teers, wiih a small deiachment of United Stales 
marines, the 8th; Worth's division, the 9th, and 
Pillow's division, the lOih; all in this month. On 
the.8th, I overtook, and then contniucd with, the 
leading division. The corps were at no time be- 
yond five hours, or supporting distance, apart; and 
on descending into tiie basin of the capital (15 
iniles from Puebia,) they became more closely ap- 
proximated about the head of lake Chaico, with 
lake Tescuco a little in front and to the right. On 
the 12ib and 13ih we pu^Jied reconnaissances upon 
thePciion,an isolated mound (eight miles from 
Mexico,) ofgreat height, strongly fortified to the 
top, (three tiers of works,) and flooded around the 
base by the season of rains and sluices from the 
lakes. This mound, close to the national road, 
commands the principal approach to the city from 
the east. No doubt it might have been carried, but 
at a great and disprcjponion.ite loss, and I was anx- 
ious 10 spare the lives of this gallant army for a 
general battle, which 1 knew we had to win before 
capturing the city, or obtaining the great object ol 
the campaign — a just and honorable peace. 

Another rfCon»otssoncc was direcied the (13th) 
upon Mexicalcingo, to the left of the Peiion, a vil- 
lage at a fortified bridge across the outlet or canal, 
leading from lake Jochimilco to the capiial — five 
miles from the latter. It might have been easy, 
(masking the Pefion,) to force the passage; but, on 
the oiher side of the bridge, we should have found 
ourselves four miles from this road, on a narrow 
causeway, flanked to the right and left by water, or 
boggy gi'ounds. These difficulties, closely viewed, 
threw me back upon the project long enterlaineil, 
of turning the strong eastern defences of ihe city, 



the foot of the hills and 
as to reach this point, and hence to manteuvre, on 
hard ground, though much broken, to the south 
and southwest of the capital, which has been more 
or les.'i under our view since the 10th instant. 

Accordingly, by a sudden inversion — Worth's 
division, with Harney's cavalry brigade, leading — 
we marched on the 15th instani, Pillow's and Q,uit. 
man's divisions followed closely, and then Twiggs's 
division, which was left till the next day at Ayot- 
la. 111 order to threaten the Peuon and Mexicalcin- 
go, and to deceive the enemy as long as practi- 
cable. 

Twiggj, on the 16ih, marching from Ayotla 



towards Chaico, (six miles,) met a corps of more 
than double his nuntbers — cavalry and infantry — 
under General Valencia. Twigirs halted, deplnyed 
into line, and by a few rounds from Cai'iain Tiiy- 
lor's field battery, dispersed the enemy, killing or 
wounding many men and horses. No oihcr ino- 
le.siation iias been experienced except n frwraiidmn 
shots from guerrilleros on the heighls; and the 
march of twenty-seven miles over a route dfemed 
impracticable by the enemy, is now accomplished 
by all the corps — thanks to their indomitable zeal 
and physical prowess. 

Arriving here the 18th, Worth's division and 
Harney's cavalry were pushed forward a league to 
reconnoitre and to carry, or to mask ijan Anionio, 
on the direct road lo the capital. This village was 
found strongly defended by field works, he.ivy 
guns, and a numerous garrison. It could only be 
turned by infantry to the left, over a field of vol- 
canic rocks and lava; for, to our right, the gr ninJ 
was too boggy. It was soon ascertained by the 
daring engineers, Captain Mason and Lifutcnann 
Stevens and Tower, that the point could only be 
approached by the front over a narrow causeway, 
flanked with wet ditches of great depth. Worth 
was ordered not to attack, but to threaten and to 
mask the place. 

j The first shot fired from San Antonio, (the 18th,) 
! killed Captain S. Thornton, 2d drngoojw, a gallant 
I ofiicer, who was covering the operations with his 
j company. 

I The same day n rfconnoissimcc was commenced 
to the left of San Augustin, first over diflicult 
mounds, and further on over the same fi' Id of vol- 
canic rocks and lava which extends to the moun- 
tains some five miles from Snn Anionio towards 
Magdalena. This recoimoissanre was continued to- 
day by Captain Lee, assisted by Lieutenants Beau- 
regard «nd Tower, all of the engineers; who were 
joined in the afternoon hy .Major Smith of thesama 
corps. Other divisions coming up. Pillow's was 
advanced to make a practicable road for heavy ar- 
lillery, and Twiggs's thrown farther in front to 
cover that operation; for, by the partial rfctmiioti- 
sance of yesterday, Captain Lee discovered a large 
corps of observation in that direction, with a de- 
tachment of which his supports of cavalry and foot 
under Captain Kearney and Lieutenant Colonel 
Graham, respectively, had a successful skirmish. 

By three o'clock, this afternoon, the advanced 
divisions came to a point where the nev/ road could 
only be continued under the direct fire of 22 pieces 
of the enemy's artillery, (most of them of large 



alibre,) placed in a ! 



; entrenched i 



ip to op- 



pose our operations, and surrounded by every ad- 
vantage of ground, besides immense bodies ol cav- 
alry and infantry, hourly reinforced from the city, 
over an excellent road beyond the volcauic field, 
and consequently entirely beyond the reach of our 
cavalry and artillery. 

Arriving on the ground an hour later, I found 
that Pillow's and Twiegs's division had advanced 
to dislodge the enemy, picking their way (all offi- 
cers on foot) along his front, and exiendint: them- 
selves towards the road from the city ond the ene- 
my's left. Captain Magruder's field battery of 12 
and 6-pounder8, and Lieutenant Caliender's battery 
of mountain howitzers and rockets, had aliso with 
great difficulty been advanced within range of the 
entrenched camp. These batteries most callnntly 
served, suffisred much in thecourse of the afternoon 
from the enemy's superior metal. 

The battle, though mostly stationary, continued 
to rage with great violence until nightfall. Brevet 
Brigadier General P. F. Smith's and Brevet Colo, 
nel Riley's brigades, (Twiggs's division,) support- 



60 



THE SIGNAL 



rJ bv Eri'mdiLT Generals Pierce and Cadsvalo , - , , 

cu uy or- ^.^ — ..j:.,;.;«.i.)w,erc-morKihiiii] series ot unsurpassed aclii 



ilh 



The luornin? of llie 2Ulh opened 
^.r'. {.r .^.Its ( Pil ow's division.) werc-more ihsn I series of unsurpassed achii-venients, 
?h«e ho!?s under a heuvy fire ofirlillory and mu6-lhe capital, and to wluch I shall give the genera 

kttry along the almost impassable - ■"<•,„.„ „..,,„_R, 

left of the entrenched 



,^ ,„ „„ „ of jVexico. 

. BesidesI In the nisht of the 19th. Brigadier Generals 

f~if :uo 'red\y^rudso?^J 1 ;^a Im^^^ and undeV Colonel Morgan detached from I r.gad.cr 
^verin"^ n view Consequently no decided in.- General Pierce, found themselves „. and ahoui the 
n^" m CO Id be made by day4l'' °" "'« ene- important position, the village, hamlet or hacient^a, 
"" " Sost tm'rtabT poLon'. b'eeause. ind.pcn-| called, indifferently, Contreras Ansada San Ge- 
I . .rir.o. our infantry, I ronnno — half a mile nearer to ihe city th.uuhe ene- 



dent of the difficulty of the 



, our infantry, 



y's entrenched camp, on the 3ame'ro;id, towards 
the factory of Magdulena. 

That camp had iieen, unexpectedly, our formi- 
dable point of attack the afternoon before, and we 
had now to take it, without thp aid of cavalry or 
artillery, or to throw back our advanced corps upon 
the road from San Augustin to the city, and thence 
force a passage through San Antonio. 

Accordingly, to meet contingencies, Major Gen- 
eral Worth was ordered to leave, early in tlie morn- 
ing of the 20th, one of his brigades to mask S.in 
Antonio, and to march with the other six miles, 
t>to San Augustin, upon Conlreras. A like desti- 
nation was' given to Major General auitman and 
his remaining brigade in San Augustin — replacing, 
for the moment, the garrison of that important de- 
pot with Harney's brigade of cavalry, as horse 
could not pass over the intervening rocks, i&c, to 
reach the field of battle, 

A diversion for an earlier hour (daylight) had 
-been arranged the night before, according to the 
suggestion of Brigadier General Smith, received 
through the engineer. Captain Lee, wlio conveyed 
my orders to our troops remaining on the ground 
opposite to the enemy's centre — the point for 
the diversion or a real attack, as circumstances 
might allow. 

Guided by Captain Lee, it proved the latter, 
under the command of Colonel Ransom of the 9th 
having with him that regiment and some companies 
of three ollins— the 3d, 12th, and rifles. 

Slu' Id: , ii.i ,..'11 officer at the hamlet, having 

am. - , ..run- Smith had arranged with 

0.' .' ' , , i::'i y the plan of attack for the 

ni(jiii;r _. I.' ':,■ r.,'; waived interference; but re- 
served to himself the double task of holding the 
hamlet with his two regiments (South Carolina 
and New York volunteers) against ten times his 



1 charge, against a 



valry and 



unaKompamcd by (iivalry and artillery could not 

adiance in column wiihout being mowed down l-;' 

the "rape and canister of the batteries, nor advance 

in line without being ridden over by the enemy's 

numerous cavalry. All our corps, however, in- 

rlodin» Ma^ruder's and Cullender's last batteries, 

not onTy maintained the exposed positions early 

eained, but all attempted charges upon them, 

respectively-particularly oil Riley, twice closely 

engaged with cavalry in grcaUy superiornumbers— 

were'repulsed and punished. 

From an eminence, soon after arriving near the 

scene, 1 observed the church and hamlet ofContre- 

„,.,, (or Ansalda,) on the road eading up Iron, the 

capital, through the entrenched camp, to Ma^dale- 

nn- aiid seeing at the same time the stream ol rein- 

forecments advanting by tliat road from the city, 

ordered (through Major General Pillow,) Colone 

Mor-an, with his regiment, the 15th, till then held 

in reserve by Pillow, to move forward, and to oc- 

rupy Contrcraa, (or Ansalda;— being persuaded, 

if occupied, it would arrest the enemy's reinlorce- 

nienis and ultimately dcciile the battle. 

Riley was already on the enemy s left, in ad- 
vance of the hamlet. A few minutes later, briga- 
dier General Shields, with his volunteer briga.lc, 

I New York and South Carolina regiments— UuU- 

rann-3 division,) coming up under my orders from 

.San Au'ustin, I directed Shields to follow and to 

sustain Morgan. These corps, over the extreme 

difficulties of ground-partially covered with a low. 

forest— before described, reached Conlreras, and 

found Codwalader's brigade in position, observing 

the formidable movement from the capital, and 

much needing the timifly rcinforremcnl. 

It was already dark, and the cold rain had begun 

to fall iH torrents upon our unshcllered troop.?; for 

the hamlet, though a stiong defensive position, can 

hold only the wounded men, and, unfortunately, 

ihe new regiments have little or nothing to eat in 

their haversacks. Wet, hungry, and witliout the 

possibility of sleep, all our gallant corps, I learn, 

are full of confidence, and only wait f.ir the 1, 

hour of darkness to gain the posiii.ms whence 

•term and carry the enemy's works. I'^"'' 

Of the seven officers despatched, sinceaboulsun-!5i., 

down from my position, opposite to the enemy's] »nl.i,,i ..wj 

centre aiid on this side of the field of rocks undj whole lorce bui 

lava-to communicate instructions to the hamlet- in the general ,, , , 

not one has succeeded in eettiiig through those dit- skill, and gallantry always challenge the highest 

ficultiea increased by darkliess. They have all re- admiration. , , , ,• , „ , , 

umed. But the gallant and mdelatigablc Captain The raarch was rendered tedious by the dark- 

' - ' ness, rain, and mud; but about sunrise, Riley, 

conducted by Lieutenant Tower, engineer, had 
reached an elevation behind the enemy, whence he 
precipitated his columns, stormed the entrench- 
ments, planted his several colors upon them, and 
carried the work — all in seventeen minutes. 

Conducted by Lieutenant Beauregard, engineer, 
and Lieutenant Brooks of Twigg's stutt' — both of 
whom, like Lieutenant Tower, had, in the night 
twice reconnoitred the ground, Cadwalader brought 
up to the general assault two of his regiment 
voltigeurs and the 11th, and at the appointed 
Colonel Ransom, with his temporary brigade, coiv 



numbers on the 
slopes to his left, a 
should be carried, 
flying enemy. 



of the city, including the 
id in case the camp in his rear 
to face about and cut off the 



; .omnwrnled by Smilh, the senioi 
illack, and whose arrangements. 



Lee, of the engineers, who has been constantly 
with the operating forces, is just in from Shields, 
Smith, Cndwalader, &.e., to report as above, and to 
ask that a powerful diversion be made against the 
renire of the entrenched camp towards morning. 

Brigadier General Twiggs, cut off as above from 
the part of his division beyond the impracticable 
ground, and Captain Lee, arc gone, under my or- 
d.;i>-, to collect the forces remniiiiiig on this side, 
v/iih which to make that diversion about 5 o'clock 
in the morning. 

And here I will end this report, commenced at 
its date, aud in another continue the iiarralive of 
the great events which then impended. 
1 have the honor to be, sir, with high 
respect, your most obediem servant, 

WINFiELD SCOTT, 
Hon. Wm. L. Makct, 

Stcrelary of If'm: 



No. 32. 
Hkad-huahteus of tke armv, 
Tacvbayn, o( Hit gatu nf Mexico, .Oxig. 28, 1B47. 
Sir: .My report. No. Slicommenced in Ihe night 
of the IDiii inst., closed the operations of the army 
with that day. 



ducted by Capta 



Lee, 



engineer. 



nly made 



the movement to divert and 

but after crossing the deep ravine in 

vanced, and poured into the works r 

fugitives many volleys from his dest 

ketry. 

Ill the mean time Smith's (IV. :i ,! i:,,,;. , n. ,i - 
temporary command of Mnj": i ■! , : , 
Ihe movements of Riley ami ' i ., 

ered, opposite to, and outside ■■', 'lie v,,ii!. ;i . .^^ 
line of Mexican cavalry, drawn upas a su|j|Hiri. 
Dimick, having at the head of the brigade the 
company of sappers and miners, under Lieulenanl 
Smith, engineer, who had conducted the mu-rh, 
was ordered by Brigadier General Smith to form 



line faced to the enemy, and 
nk, routed the cavalry. 
Shields, too, by the wise dispnsitioi 
de and gallant activity, contributed 
general results. He held masses of 
infantry, supported by artillery, in check belov/ 
him, and captured hundreds, with one General 
(.Mendoza) of those who fled from above. ^ 

I doubt whether a more brilliant and decisive j 
victory— taking into view ground, artificial defences, 1 
batteries, and the extreme disparity of numbers — | 
without cavalry or artillery on our aide— is to be 
found on record. Including all our corps direcied 
against the entrenched camp, with Shield's brigade 
at the hamlet, we positively did not number over 
4,.')C0 rank and file; and we knew by sight, and 
since more certainly, by many captured documents 
and letters, that the enemy had actually engaged on 
the spot 7,0U0 men, with at least 12,0U0 more hov- 
ering^ within sight and striking di.'tance- both on 
the 19th and 20th. All, not killed or captured, 
now fled with precipitation. 

Thus was the great victory of Coiifreras achieved; 
one road to the capital opened; 700 of the enemy 
killed; 813 prisoners, including, among 88 oflicers, 
4 generals; besides many colors and standards; 22 
pieces of brass ordnance, half of large calibre; thou- 
sands of small arms and accoutrements; an im- 
mense quantity of shot, shells, powder, and cart- 
ridges ; 700 pack mules, many horses, &c., &c.— all 
in our hands. 

It is highly gratifying to find that, by skilful ar- 
rangement and rapidity of execution, our loss, in 
killed and wounded, did not exceed, on the spot, 
60— among the former the brave Captain Charles 
Hanson, of the 4th infantry — not more distin- 
guished for gallantry than for modesty, morals, 
and piety. Lieutenant J. P. Johnstone, 1st artil- 
lery, serving with Magruder's battery, a young 
oflicer of the highest promise, was killed the 
evenii.g before. 

One of the most pleasing incidents of the victory 
is the recapture, in the works, by Captain Drum, 
4th artillery, under Major Gardner, of the two 
brass six-pounders, taken from anoUier company 
of the same regiment, though wiihout the loss of 
honor, at the glorious battle of Dueiia Vista — 
about which guns the whole regiment had mourned 
tor so many long months! Coming up a little 
later I had the happiness to join in the protracted 
cheers of the gallant 4th on the joyous event; and 
indeed, the whole army sympathizes in its just 
pride and exultation. 

The battle being won before the advancing bri- 
gades of Worth's and CLuitman's divisions were in 
sight, both were ordered back to their late posi- 
tions. Worth, to attack San Antonio in front, 
with his whole force, as soon as approached in the 
rear by Pillow's and Twiggs's divisions, moving 
from Contreras, through San Angel and Coyoacan. 
By carryini; San Antonio, we knew that we should 
open another, a shorter, and better road to the 
capital, for our sitge and other trains. 

Accordingly, the two advanced divisions and 
Shields's brigade marched from Contreras, under 
the immediate orders of Major General Pillow, 
who was now joined by the gallant Brigadier Gen- 
eral Pierce of his division, personally thrown out 
of activity, late the evening before, by a severe 
hurt received from the fall of his horse. 

After giving necessiary orders on the fieW, in the 
midst of prisoners and trophies, and sending in- 
structions to Harney's brigade of cavalry, left at San 
Augustin, to join me, 1 personally followed Pillow's 
command. 

Arriving at Coyoacan, two miles by a cross road, 
from the rear of San Antonio, I first detached 
Captain Lee, engineer, with Captain Kearney's 
troop, 1st dragoons, supported by iho rifle regi- 
ment under Major Lonuj, : • i ,',1:: une that 
strong point; and next il 1 ■ ; 1 General 

Pillow, with one of hi;; 
to iiKike i!ie allack upon 



on the opposite s 
time, by aiiothe 

w' Smith'.-i'ifii 



I, Major 

the left, 
orted by 
sappers 



s) and Captain TaylJr'.s field battery, 



THE SIGNAL, 



67 



were oi-dcred to follow and lo aUack the convent. 
Major Smith, senior engineer, wss despatched to 
concert with Twie^s the mode and means of at- 
tack, and Tivigsjs'a other brigade (Riley's) I soon 
ordered up to pnpport him. 

Next (but all in ten minutes) I sent Pierce (just 
able to keep the saddle) with his brigade (Pillow's 
^ivision) conducted by Captain Lee", engineer, by 
a third road, a little farther to our left, to attack 
the enemy's right and rear, in order to favor the 
moveinent upon the convent, and cut off the retreat 
towards the capital. And, finally. Shields, senior 
brigadier to Pierce, with the New York and South 
Carolina volunteers, (duitnian's division,) was 
ordered to follow Pierce closely, and to take the 
command of our left wing. All these movements 
were made with the utmost alacrity by our gallant 
troops and commanders. 

Finding myself at Coyoacan, from which so 
many roads conveniently branched, without escort 
or reserve, I had to advance, for safety, close upon 
Twiggs's rear. The battle now raged from the 
right to the left of our whole line. 

Learning, on the return of Captain Lee, that 
Shields, in the rearof Churubusco, was hard press- 
ed, and in danger of being outflanked, if not over- 
whelmed, by greatly superior numbers, I imme- 
diately sent, under Major Sumner, 2d dragoons, 
the rifles, (Twiggs's reserve,) and Captain Sibley's 
troop, 2d dragoons, then at hand, to support our 
left, guided by the same engineer. 

Aboutan hour earlier, Worth had, by skilful and 
daring movements upon the front and right, turned 
and forced San Antonio — its garrison, "no doubt, 
much shaken by our decisive victory at Contreras. 

His second brigade (Colonel Clarke's) conducted 
by Captain Mason, engineer, assisted by Lieuten- 
ant Hardcastle, topographical engineer, turned the 
right, and by a wide sweep came out upon the 
high road lo the capital. At this point the heavy 
garrison (3,000 men) in retreat was, by Clarke, 
cut in (he centre ; one portion, the rear, driven 
upon Dolores, off to the right; and the other upon 
Churubusco, in tli- i!;:--' Ii-f M' r.-r n- ,;■,,. 
The first brig.ulc, ■ ' ■ ' ' ' i , ■. 

ion, consisting ■ : J 1 . i m ,. , >: 

Gall, the 3d"aiiil.. ,, !,..,■ ; 1 i,_r.:un i\. .,.',., 

Belton, and the -llh i.uanUy, tniiiMUJided by Mn- 
jor F. Lee, with Lieutenant Colonel Duncan's 
field battery (temporarily) followed in pursuit 
through the town, taking one general prisoner, the 
abandoned guns, (five pieces,) much ammunilion, 
and other public property. 

The forcing of San Antonio was the second bril- 
liant event of the day. 

Worth's division being soon reunited in hot 
pursuit, he was joined by Major General Pillow, 
who, marching frorri Coyoacan and discovering 
that San Antonio had been carried, immediately 
turned to the left according lo my instructions, 
and, though much impeded by ditches and swamps, 
hastened to the attack of Churubusco. 

The hamlet or scattered houses bearing this 
name presented, besides the fortified convent, a 
strong field-work {tele de ponl) with regular bas- 
tions and curtains, at the head of a bridge over 
which the road passes from San Antonio to the 
capital. 

The whole remaining forces of Mexico— some 
27,000 men — cavalry, artillery, and infantry, col- 
lected from every quarter — were now in, on the 
flanks, or within supporiing distance of those 
works, and seemed resolved to make a last and 
desperate stand ; for if beaten here, the feebler de- 
fences at the gales of the city — four miles off — 



partii 



,de- 



could not, as was well known to both 
lay the victors an hour. The capital of 
cient empire, now of a great republic, or an early 
peace, the assailants were resolved to win. Not 
an American — and we were less ihan a third of the 
enemy's numbers — had a doubt as lo the result. 
The fortified church or convent, hotly pressed 
by Twiggs, had already held out about an hour, 
when Worth and Pillow— the latter having with 
him Cadwalader's brigade — began to mameuvrc 
closely upon the tele de pont, with the convent at 
half-gunshot to their left. Garland's brigade, 
(Worlh's division,) to which had been added ihe 
light battalion under Lieutenant Colonel Smith, 
continued to advance in I'roiit and under ihe fire of 
a long line of infantry, off on the left of the bridge ; 
and Clarke, of the same division, directed his bri- 



gade along the road or close by its side. Two 
of Pillow's and Cadwalader's regimenls, the 11th 
and 14th, supported and participated in this di'r. -i 

reserve. Mo,st of liiesecorp;- m , ' 

brigade — advaneini^; perfieiuli' i , . , , i . 
suffer much by ihe" fire of ihe l, : ,'■ /i- ,,,', m'..\ ;,i. \ 
would have suffered greatly more by dank nil icii.s 
from the convent, but for the pressure of Twiggs 
on the other side of that work. 

This well combined and daring movement at 
length reached the principal point of attack, and the 
formidable Ir'-le de ponl wo-s at once assaulted and 
carried by the bayonet. Its deep wet ditch *as 
fir.-d gallantly crossed by the 8th anc! 5lh infantry, 
commanded, respectively, by Major Waite and 
Lieutenant Colonel Scott — followed closely by the 
6th infantry (same brigade) which had been so 
much exposed on the road — the Illh regiment, un- 
der Lieutenant Colonel Graham, and the 14th, com- 
manded by Colonel Trousdale, bo^th of Cad walder's 
brigade, Pillow's division. About the same time, 
the enemy in front of Garland, afler a hot conflict 
of an hour and a half, gave way in a retreat to- 
wards the capital. 

The immediate results of this third signal tri- 
umph of the day were, three field-pirces, one hun- 
dred and ninety-two prisoners, much ammunition, 
and two colors taken at the tele de ponl. 

Lieutenant.!. F. Irons, 1st artillery, aid-de-camp 
to Brigadier General Cadwalader, a young officer 
of great merit and conspicuous in battle on" several 
previous occasions, r-ceived, in front of the work, 
a mortal wound. (Since dead.) 

As the concurrent attack upron the convent favor- 
ed, physically and morally, the assault upon the 
tete rfepo7i(, so, reciprocally, no doubt, the fall of 
the latter contributed to the capture of the former. 
The two works were only some four hundred and 
fifty yards apart; and as soon as we were in pos- 
sesion of the ^e/e ^ieponf, a captured four-pounder 
was turned and fired — first by Captain Larkin 
Smith, and next by Lieutenant Snelling, bntii of 
■'■" "•'':■ '.,'■' .:i', --N', ■' liii'.es upon the conve!,', 
:. , :'. i.Hulenant Colonel I ! . 

' V,',,,,:, , .ision) gallanlly briHi ■: 
('.'.'MM ii; ■ iji.s t ' n r, :ii a short range, (Voin fi'- 
.San Anlonin road, upon ihe principal face of t lie 
work, and on the tower of the church, which in 
the obstinate contest, kad been often refilled with 
some of the best sharp-shoolers of the enemy. 

Finally, twenly minutes after the lete de pent 
had been carried by Worth and Pillow, and at the 
end of a desperate conflict of two hours and a half, 
the church or convent — the citadel of the strong 
line of defence along the rivulet of Churubusco— 
yielded to Twiggs's division, and threw out on all 
sides, signals of surrender. The white flags, how- 
ever, were not exhibited until .the moment when 
the 3d infinlry, under Captain Alexander, had 
cleared the way by fire and bayonet, and had en- 
tered the work. Captain J. M. Smith and Lieu- 
tenant O. L. Shepherd, both of that regiment, with 
their companies, had the glory of lead inj the as- 
sault. The former received the surrender, and 
Captain Alexander instantly hung out from the bal- 
cony the colors of the gallant 3d. Major Dimick, 
wiih a part of the 1st artillery, serving as infantry, 
entered nearly abreast with the leading troops. 

Captain Taylor's field battery, attached to 
Twiggs's division, opened its effective fire at an 
early moment upon Ihe outworks of the convent 
and the tower of its church. Exposed to the 
severest fire of the enemy, the captain, his officers, 
and men, won universal admiration; but at length 
much disabled, in men and horses, the battery was, 
by superior orders, withdrawn from the action, 
thirty minutes before the surrender of ihe convent. 

Those corps, cxoeptiii^ Taylor's battery, belung- 

ed to the br:-'^'l<. mj" ll,-, _-,.!, i l.i.-ni i! .'-iilli:. wir.i 

closely dir 

habitual ... ■ . .. • , ■ 
ade— the :J 1 . :■'.; ,,;'n,-.e, ,,:. ;. , : ■, ,,; ,,,, I. 
M ,-. ' ' I • ■ iiantCulonei Plvniptoii, respe.- 
I! engaged the right of the work 
., : At the moment the rifles, be- 
ll/ ; :,, were detached in support of 
I'l i! .Shields's on our extreme left; 
:i:, ! ! . : I y, acting as infantry, under 
Ai.. '. ■: .'nging to Riley's brigade, had 
been ill ,; r ! ; , , .;e of the camp, trophies, &c., at 
Contreras. Twiggs's division, at Cluirubusco, had 



thus been deprived of the services of two of its 
most gallant and effective regimente. 
The iinie.ediiiie n iilta of (his victory were, the 

' : " • ' '■ '' I'M-piccea, some ammunition, 
■ iil.s, and 1,261 prisoners, iii- 

' 'I'' ' \ ''..innn and M. J. Burke, and 

Lieutenant S. llotlman, all of the 1st artillery, and 
Captain J. W. Anderson and Lieutenant Thomas 
Easley, both of the 2d infantry— five officers of 
great merit— fell gallantly before this work. 

The oapture of the enemy's citadel was the 
fourth great achievement of our arms in the same 
day. 

It has been stated that, some two hours and a 
half before, Pierce's followed closely by the volun- 
teer brigade — both under the command of Briga- 
dier General Shields — had been detached to our 
left to turn the enemy's works; — to prevent the es- 
cape of the garrisons and to oppo.se the extension 
of the enemy's numerous corps, from the rear upon 
and around our left. 

Considering the inferior numbers of the two 
brigades, the objects of the movement were difficult 
to accomplish. Hence the reinforcement (the rifles, 
&c.,) sent forward a little later. 

In a winding march of a mile around lo the right, 
this temporary division fieni-l ii- > I^'n, I'l'eJgeof an 
open wet meadow, nep.r ih- , . I : . ■- i i Antonio 
to the capital, and in thf ; i i^.OOOof 

the enemy's infantry, a In;, ,i ..i > ;,::rubusco, 

on that road. Establishing the right at a strong 
building. Shields extended his lelt, parallel to the 
road, to outflank the enemy towards the capital. 
But the enemy extending his right, supported by 
3,000 cavalry, more rapidly, (being favored by bet- 
ter ground,) in the same direction. Shields concen- 
trated the division about a hamlet, and determined 
to attack in froiiL The battle was long, hot and 
vaiied: lin ii!-i:ii / ly, success crowned the zeal 
andgi" .< : i imops, a,bly directed by their 
distill. I iniler; Brigadier General 

Shi. 1 ' ; ..'h, and 15th regiments, under 

<'■■•'■■-■ «un Wood, and Colonel Mor- 

.1 ' '. i'lc.rce's brigade, (Pillow's di- 

' . A- "t'ork and South Carolina 

i'>":iiH . i •, II I nil 1 I Lionels Burnett and Butler, re- 
spectively, 01 ciiueiils's own bri.gade, ((iuitman'a 
division,) together with the mountain howilzei- 
battery, now under Lieutenant Reno, of the ord- 
nance corps, all shared in the glory of this action — 
ovlt fifth victory in the same day. 

Brigadier General Pierce, from the hurt of the 
evening before, under pain and exhaustion, fainted 
in the action. Several other changes in command 
occurred on this field. Thus, Colonel Morgan be- 
ing severely wounded, the command of the ISth in- 
fantry devolved on Lieutenant Colonel Howard; 
Colonel Burnett receiving a like wound, the com- 
mand of the New York volunteers fell to Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Baxter; and, on ihe fall of the lament- 
ed Colonel P. M. Butler, earlier badly wounded, 
but continuing to lead nobly in the hottest part of 
the battle, the command of the South Carolina vol- 
unteers devolved — first, on Lieut. Col. Dickinson, 
who being severely wounded, (as before in the 
siege of Vera Cruz,) the regiment ultimately fell 
under the orders of Major Gladden. 

Lieuts. David Adams and W. R. Vvilliims, of 
the same corps; Capt. Augustus Quarlesand Lieut. 
J. B. Goodman, of the 15th, and Lieut. E. Chand- 
ler, New York volunteers, all gallant ofliccrs, nobly 
fell in the same action. 

Shields took 380 prisoners, including ofHcerg; 
and it cannot be doubted that the rage of the con- 
flict between him and the enemy, just in the rear of 
the tele de pont and the convent, had some influence 
on the surrender of those formidable defences. 

As soon as the tele de pont was carried, the great- 
II part of Worth's and Pillow's foi-oes passed that 
I i-e in rapid pursuit of the fiying enemy. These 
inguished generals c'jniing up with 'Brisadier 
i; neral Shields, now also victorious, the"three 
continued to press upon the fugitives to within a 
mile and a half of the capital, 'Here Colonel Har- 
ney, with a sm<ill part of his brigade of cavalry, 
rapidly passed to the front, and charged the enemy 
up to the nearest gale. 

The cavalry charge was headed by Captain 
Kearney, of the 1st dragoons, having in squadron 
with hi.-i own troop that of Captain MeReynolds, 
of the 3d, making the usual escort to general head's 



^,..r„r.-. bui.beinsearlyin ih, day "U«-heJ for 
ffriierrtUfivi.e, wRSiiowundBr Colonel Harney » 
orJ.r4. The gallonl captain, not hsnring iho recaU 
U,.i h.d b«.n .o«n.le.l. .l.«hed up to th. ban An- 
„„„..K.i...abmnKin hii way all who re.-ii ed. 
Oiih- ,tT«n offl.xr:- of the .qaiidron, Kearney lo»l 
h Varm McR.>-..oM- and L.eul. Lorimer Graham 
Her" (.mh aev.rely wounded. and Lieui. R S- Ew 
ell who Biifcepdcd lo the command of the escoii, 
l„.d two horsca killed under him. Major 1-. U. 
Mil'K. of the 15th iiifiintry, a volunteer in this 
ehnrs'e.wus killed at the gate. i v,.„. 

So irn..i..aied ihe aerieii of events which I have 
lui feebly orrscnied. Mv thanks were freely 
roure.1 out on the different fields to iheabiliiieaand 
,ri»nrcoracner..lsand oiher officers, 10 the ga - 
f . 'ry and prowe.-. of all, .he rank and file included 
But „ reward n.fin.fily hither, the applause of a 
pr..ieuil c.un.ry -.nd government, will, I cannot 
d.ul.i, be nccordfd in due time to 80 much merit oi 
ev.rv >...rr d.sninved by this glorious army, which 
bus now o.crcoine nil difficulties— disiance, climate, 
sr.nind, f.'it fiiailooB, numbers. 

h has in a single dny, m many ballle.i, as often 
rt.fcoed 3-2,001) men, made about 3,0U0 prisoners, 
i, rlud.n" ei-ht aentralB, (two of them ex-presi- 
t'c'.N ) a"».l iUS other olficersj killed or woundei^ 
4UOo'olnll ninks, besides entire corps dispersed 
nnd .li sulved;' captured 37 pieces ol ordnance, 
more . hnn 1 reblin- our siege train and field batteries, 
wnh « lars* number of small arms, n full supply ol 
ainmunitwn of every kind, (fee, &c. 

Theje great results have overwhelmed the 
enemy 



THE SIGNAL 

foreeoinir operations, to which I must refer, 

my hearty concurrence in the just appl^iuso he 

^owed on corps and individuals by their resp.ct.v, 

cmnmander.. 1 have been able, this report be."; 

necesMrily a summary, to brins out, comparatue 

ly, but lull* of individual merit 

iii'ihe way of ihe narrative 

I have, in express terms, giver 

and applause to the commanders 

independent brigades, but left <l"='r f»'"« "P°' 

hisher -rounds, the simple record of their gieat 

deeds and the brilliant results. 

fo the staff, both general and personal, altaciie I 
1 u..j.^,.,.;i.r. T was nrain under high 



ly.n; dire.Miy 
Thus 1 doubt whethei 
my arprobation 
of divisions and 



- loss omounis to 1,053-fciH d, 139, including 
lircrs; tooundetl, 8'ifi, with 60 officers. 1 

.er of the dead and dis^bkd were of 

lorth. Those under treatment, thank: 

rally do 



Lieut. Col 
J. L. 
for fe- 



IC officers; 
prea'er niir 
the h'ghfst 
to .iiir very able medical officers, 

"'!'lecr'>t h^in- lieen obliged, on the 20th, to | y^ 
le ve M"i. Gen. auMman, an able commandi-r, i 
*ith H part of his .*«U4on, the fine -id Penn.ylvn. 
nil. volu„l..-raai,-#«Te.erHn .lelachmeniot United \ 
Siatco marinis, «• .^ important de,.oi, ban Aii- 
: that I had placed our sick and 



obligations for services in 
the bureaux. I add their , ,, . 

Hitchcock, actin? inspector general; Major 
Smith, Captain R. E. Lee, (as di.stmguished 
licitouB execuiion as for science and daring.) <-ap- 
tain Mason, Lieutenant Stevens, Beauregard, and 
Tower, all of the engineers; Major Turnbull, Cap- 
tain McClelland, nnd Lieut. Hardcatlle, tnpo 
graphical engineers; Captain Huger and L.euten- 
int Hasner, of the ordnance; Captains Irwm and 
Wayne" of ihe quartermaster's departineni; Cap- 
lain Grayson, ofihe commissariat; Surgeon Gene- 
ral Lawson, in his particular department; Captaiy 
H. L. Scott, acting assistant adjutant general; 
Lieut. Williams, aid-de-camp, and Lieut. L:iy. 
military secretary. Lieut. Schuyler Hamilton, 
another aid-de-camp, had a week before been 
thrown out of activity by a severe wound receiveu 
in asuccessf.il charge of cavalry °S«i"«' ^^ '"y; 
and four times his numbers; but on the 20ih 1 h.id 
the valuable services, as volunteer aids, of MaJnr^ 
Kirby and Van Burcn, of the pay dipartment, al- 
ways eager for aciiviiy and distmctmn, aiid of a 
thiiil, the gallant Major J. P. Gaines, of the Ken- 
tucky valunieers. . , , • , 
■ I have the honor lo be, sir, with high respect 



W8=. discovered hovering about the Mohnos del Rey, 
with.r.amile and a third of this village, where I , 
,m quartered with the general staff and Worth'. 

"irmight have been suppnssd that an attack upon 
lis was intended ; but knowing the great vaue to 
he enemy of ihose mills, {Molinos del Rey,) con- 
mining a cannon foundry, with a large deposite^f 
powuer in t'osn Maia near them ; and having heiiW, 
wo days before, that many church bells had been 
^cnt out to be cast into guns, ihe enemy s move- 
ment was easily understo..d,and I resolved at on^e 
to drive him early the next morning, to seize the 
powder.and to destroy the foundry. 

Another motive for this decision— leaving the 

-eneral plan of attack upon the city for full recon- 

noisssnces— was, ihat we knew our recent captures 

had left the enemy not a fourth of the guns neces- 

10 arm, all at the same time, the strong w.orks 



W. L. Marct, 

Siattiiry of IPur. 






1 1 was thi 



w^iiniled, the siege. 



iippiy. 



nd bBg:£age 



If these had been lost Ihe army would have been 
driven nlmost to despair; and considering the ene- 
my's very great excess of numbers, and the many 
ap|iroachc» lo the depot, it might well have be- 
c..in<- emphatically (Ae post o/koKor. 

After so many victories we might, with but liltle 
oddiiioiml lo«, have occupied the capital ihe same 
CTcning. But .Mr. Trisl, CMmmi^■sloner, Ac, as 
well B«~mvaeif, had been admonished by the Ijesl 
finnda of pence, intelligent neutrals nnd some 
Amtricin r.^»idcnts, against precipitation; lest, by 
waiiton'y driving away the government and others, 
dnhnnorcd, we might scatter the elemuntsof pe.ice, 
f xri e a spiiit of national despcMlion, and thus in- 
defiiiii. ly poiipnne Ihe hope of accommodation. 
Deeply impre.sad wiih this danger, and remember- 
inronr mission, lo conquer a peace, the army very 
thetrlully »acri6c»d lo patriotism, to the gredt wish 
and want of our country, the letai that would have 
f.illoweil an entrance, sword in hand, into a great 
capiul. Willing lo leave something lo this repiib- 
lio, of on immedl:i!e value to us, on which to rest 
her pride, and 10 recover temper, I halted our vi* 
tnrious corps nt ihe galea of the city, (ut least fur 
time.) and have them now cantoned in the' neigh- 
boring vdlng'S. where they are well sheltered and 
■upplied with all necessaries. 

On the morning of Ihe 2l8t, being about lo lake 
up biiiiering or bsbsuI ing positions, to authorize 
njj 10 Kummon the city lo surrender, or to sign an 
armis:ice with a pled:;e to enter at once into nego- 
liniions for peace, a mission came out to propose 
s iriicB. Rejcciing its terms 1 dcspairheri my con- 
templated noic to '('resident Santa Anna, omitting 
Ihe summons. The 22<1 comniissinner!> were ap 
poiiued by ilie cinimiindeis of ihe twj armies, 
the armi«tice was signed on lh<. 93,1. and rmifica- 
tinns exchanged the 24lh. 

Al' matters in dispute between the two govern- 
tnants have been thus happily lumed over to their 
ilrnipolenliaries, who have now had sevsral confer- 
eii.ui , and wiih, I think, some hope of pigning a 
trtsiy Dl peace. 

Ti'eiB will bt irammitted to the AdJuantOene. 
jtt'lJtpitH from divisions, Mgai^sa, #t<^, «« ih« 



BATTLE OF 

MOLINO DEL REY. 

REPORT OF MAJOR GENERAL SCOTT. 

N0T33. 
Head-qoarteks or the armt, 
Tacubaya, near Mexico, Sept. 11, 1847. 
Sir: I have heretofore reported that 1 had, A 
gust 24, concluded an armisiice with Pieside 
Santa Anna, which was promptly followed by 
meetings between Mr. Trist and .Mexican commis- 
8inners''8ppninlpd to treat of pe.ice. 
Neg< " 



one were actively continued with, as 
nderatood, some prospect of a successful re- 
result up to Ihe 2d instant, when our commissioner 
handed m his u/limo(um, (on boundaries,) and the 
ncotiatora adjourned to meet again on the 6ih. 

Some infractions of the truce, in respect to onr 
supplies from the city, were earlier commuted, fnl- 
lowed by apologies on the pan of ths enemy 
These vexations I was willing to put down to the 
imbecility of ihe government, and waived pointed 
demands'of reparation while nny hope remained of 
)t saiisfuctory lermination of the war. But on the 
5th, and more fully on the Gth, 1 learned that as 
as the ultimatum had been considered in a 
council of ministers and others. President 
Santa Anna, on the 4ih or 5ih, without giving me 

slightest notice, actively recommenced alrenglh- 

ening the military defences of the cily, in gross 
violation of the 3d article of the armistice. 

On that information, which has since received the 
fullest verification, 1 addressed to him my note 
the 6!h. His rvply, dnio.d the same day, received 
the next morning, was absolutely nnd iiotoriou.^ly 
false, both in reciiminaiion and e.xpinnaiion. 1 en- 
close copies of both papers, and have had no sub- 
sequent correspondence with the enemy. 

Being delayed bv the terms of the armistice 
more than two weeks, we had now, late on the 7th, 
to begin to reconnoitre the different approaches to 
the city, within our reach, before I could lay down 
any definitive plan of attack. 
Ths ssnns sfiernoon a loirg? body of th* enemy 



each of the eight city gites; and we could no 

cut the communication between the b'undry an i 

the capital without first taking the formidable casile 

the heights of Chepuliepec, which overlooked 

boih and stood between. 

For this difficult operation we were not entirely 
ready, and moreover we might altogether neglect 
iheciisllc, if, as we then hoped, our leconnoissances 
should prove that ih^ distant southern approaches 
10 the ciiy were more eligible than this southwest- 
ern approach. 

Hence the decision promptly taken, Ihe executior^ 
of which was assigned 10 Brevet -Miijor Genera! 
Worth, whose division was reinforcel wiih Cad- 
walader'sbrigadeof Pillow's division, ihree squad- 
rons of dragoons under Major Sumner, and some 
heavy guns of the siege train under Capt. Huger, 
of llie ordnance, and Captain Drum, of the 4th 
-o-tillery; iwo officers of the highest merit. 

For the deci.-five and brilliant results, I beg to 
refer to the report of the immediate commander, 
Vlajor General Worth, in whose commendaiions 
-if the gallant offi.era and men— dead and living— I 
heartily concur; having witnessed, but wilh little 
interference, their noble devotion to fame and to 
country. 

The enemy having several times reinforced his 
line, and ihe action soon becoming much more 
general than I had expected, I called up, from the 
lislance of tjiree miles, first, MajorGeneral Pillow, 
with his remaining brigade, (Pierce's,) and next, 
Riley's brigade of Twigg's division— leaving his 
other brigade ^Smith's) in observation at San An- 
gel. Those corps approached wiih ze.nl and rapid- 
iiy; but the battle was won just as Brig,idier Gen- 
eral Pierce reached the ground, and had interposed 
his corps between Garland's brigade (Worth's di- 
vision) and the iclreating enemy. 

The accompanying report mentions, wilh j'lst 
commendntion, two of my volunteer aids — ^.Vlajor 
Kirby, paymaster, and Major Gaines, of the Ken- 
ky volunteers. 1 also had the valuiihle services, 
the same field, of several other ofiicer3 of my 
staff, general and personal : Lieutenant Colonel 
Hitchcock, acting inspector general ; Cajiuun R E. 
Lee, engineer; Captain Irwin, chief quartermas- 
ler; Captain Gravsnn, chief commissary ; Captain 
H. L. Scott, acting assistant ndjnlant geneidl j 
LieutenfliU Williams, aid-Je-camp; and Lieutenant 
Lay, miliiarv secretary. 

1 have the honor to be, sir, with high respect, 
your I 



The He 


n. Wm. L. Marct, 




Secretary of War. 




[Enclosed in the above.] 




Head-qoartkr. or the army. 




Tacuhoya, .iu^uM 24, 1847. 


Genkral 


Orders, } 


No. 262. 1) 


The fo 


owing militsrv convention is published 


for ih" i 


fonnalion and slrict government of the 


Americai 


army, it-s retainers and followers. Anv 


infrnctinn 


o!' one or more of the articles of the said 


coiiventio 


n eli'Ul be followed by rigorous punish- 



The undftrKigncd appointed respectively, the 
three first bv jM.'J.t General Winfield S.-,oti, com- 
mander-in-chief of 111.- .irmies of the United State*, 
and the two last by his excellency D. Antonio Lo> 
pf« de Santa Anns, Presided of ih* Mexinsn M. 



THE SIGNAL. 



C9 



public nnd coinmandfir-in-chief of its armies, niel' 
with full powers, which were duly Tcrified, in the! 
vill.iee of Tocubaya, on th« 32d day of Auijmt 
3t!47, to •nifr into an armisiice, for the purpots of 
givinffthe Mexican goTcrnment an opportunity of 
receiving propositions for pesre from the comiiiii 
Finner appointed l>y the Preiidoiit of the United 
Slates, and now with the Americr.n armv, when the 
following articles were agreed npun :• 

Art. 1. Hostilities sh»ll inst.intlv find ahsolutcly 
cense between the armies of the tJnited States of 
America and the United Mexican States, within 
thnty leagues of the capital of the latter States, to 
allnw time to the commissioner appointed by the 
United States, and the commissioners to be ap- 
pnintfd by the Mexican Republic, to negotiate. 

2. This armisiice shall continue as lonj ,ss the 
commiseioners of the two Governments may be cn- 
gaeed in negotiations, or until the coinmander of 
either of the said armies shall give formal notice to 
the other of the cessation of the armistice, and for 
foriy-eight hours after such notice. 

3. In the meantime, neither army shall, within 
thirty leagues of the city of Mexico, commence 
any new fortifiouion, or military work of (jfience 
or defence, or do anythin:; to enluree or sirengihen 
any exi^ting work or fortification of that character 
wiihin the said limiis. 

.4. Neither army shall be reinforced wiihin Ihc 
enme. Any reinforcements in troops or muiiitious 
of war, other than subsistence now approachiiu' 
either army, shall be stopped at the distance of a' 
lea«t twenty-eight leagues from the city of Mexico 

5. Neither army, nor any detachment from it 
almll advance beyond the line it at present occupies 

6. Neither army, nor any det.iohment or indivi- 
dual of either, shall pass the neutral limits tstab- 
lished by the last article, except under Hans of huce 
bearing the oirrc spondence between the two arinies 
or on the business authoriz' d by the next ariicle 
and individuals of either army who may chance I' 
eiragele wiihin the neutral limits shall, by the op- 
posiie party, be kindly warned off, or sent back 
their own army under flags of truce. 

7. The American army shall not, by violence, 
obslrnct the passage from the open country into the 
city of Mexico, of the ordinary supplies of food ne^ 
cpssary to the consumption of its inhabitants, or th< 
Mexican army within the city ; nor shall the Mex 
ican auihoritirs, civil or mihiarv, do any act to oh. 
struct the passage of supplies from the city or the 
countrv needed by the American army. 

8. All Arnericiin prisoners of war remainin"- in 



16. This convention shall liav« no force or cffeci 
unless approved by their excellcnci«B, (he com- 
mandei-i, r««|.tclively, of the two «rmias. within 
twenty-four limirg, reckoning from C vi'clock, a. m. 
of th« ->3d d«y of August, 1S47. 
J. A. QUlTMAiV. 

MnjoT General V. 6. Jt. 
PERSIFOR F. S.VIITH, 

Bifvtl Bii^ndicr Gen. V. 3. sH. 
(•'HANKLIN PlIiRCK, 

Brigmlier Gniiral U. S. .1. 
IGNACIO DE MOllA Y VILLAMIL. 
BENITO aUlJANO. 



HEAD-WAr.TF.RS, Army U. S. A.. 

Tucuhmja, .Ougust 23, 1847. 

Considered, approved, and ratified, with the ex- 

[ire.-is undeiBianding that the word "supplits," as 

used the second time, and without qualification, in 

the seventh article of this military convention, 

(American copy,) sh.-^lJ be taken t. mean— as iii 

both the British and American armies— «rms, am- 

lion, clothing, equipments, sulmisience, (for 

) forage, money and in general all the wants of 

my. 'I'hat word miiplies in the Mex can copy 

roiieously translnied "viveres" instead of re- 

s. wiNFiELD scorr, 

Cenernl-m-chi'f, U. S. J,my. 



your cxc4i:i 
r.f .Mc 



To I 



the hands of the Mexican army, and not heretofore 
exchanged, shall immediately, or as soon as prac- 
ticable, be restored lo the American army against a 
Ike ni'mber (having regard to rank) of IVlexican 
prisoners captured by the American army. 

9. * * * * [Omitted.] (.See Mexiciin rati- 
fication.) 

10. The better to enable the belligerent armies to 
execute these nnicles, and to favor the great object 
of peace, it is further agreed between the parties, 
thatany courier with despatches that either army 
shall desire to send along the line from the city of 
Mexico, or its vicinity, to and from Vera Cruz, 
shall receive a safe conduct from the commander of 
the opposing army. 

11. The administraiinn of justice between Mex- 
icans, according to ihe general and Slate constitu- 
tions and laws, bytheloc.il aulhoriiies of the towns 
and places occupied by the American fl-irces, shall 
not be obstructed in any manner. 

12. Persona and pn-perty shall be respected iiij. , . 

Ihe towrs anil places occupied by the American • 's'^^'o" 

forces. No person shall be molested in the exei ' ' 



Rntitic 
csplicacic 

poral de esle armisiic 
y veinle ocho leguas al 



Paliiio NicioNiL DE Mexico, 

.Jugust 24 de 1847 
>, supriniic'idose el ariiculo y° y f 
del 4°. en el ecntido de que la paz'te 

i-e observara en la capital 
dedor; convenido en 



cisc of his profession; nor shall the service.5 of any j'^""''"^'^'' '^'^ ^^'"^ armisiics at 
one be required without his consent. In all cases 1 ''"*'■ ''^'" '^°"''- 
where services arc voluntarily rendered, a just price ^ .'."^^'^ ""^ '""'™ '" '"=' >""' 
shall be paid, and trade remain unmolested. obedient servant, 

13. Those wounded prisoners who may desire! 
10 remove to some more convenient place for thel — 

purpose of being cured of their wounds, shall be^ iTranslatioi 

Rllowed to do so without molestation, they still re- 



violui«d ariichn stxrn, twelve, 
armimice which I concludtd vtiil 
-on Ihe 24ih of Inst nionih. 

Th» ciTil nnd mdiiary authoriir 
hate not obsiruclad the pnii>iii;u of iirnvininna for 
the American army ; nnd if nt liim n llitir liniiii- 
mission has bran rctnnlrd, it Iihh barn own.* (o 
ihe imprudence <rf tlio Anicri.-j.n ncrciiF, uh> 
without liiivingK previous undcr,i..ndmB w.ili ihj 
proper nulhoritin, gave occHsi..n for piipiilor niii- 
breaks, W.'iich it has cost ihe .\1i xiiun t.'"i'riiUMP,t 
much trouble to repress. Lust iiiithi, nnd tlm m.hl 
before, the escortu lor the pruviximi ir.on uirc 
ready to 8lnri,Hnd were only 'Ictaimd bccnuae Mr. 
Hargous, the ngeni, desired it. The orduiM Eiven 
to suspend ihe inlercourto between iho two iirimea 
were addressed to private indiviilunls, tuid not m 
ihc agents of the army of the United S inc«. nnd 
wereiniendcd purposely lo cx[r?.liiic ihcirannmn- 
sion of provisions lo ihe arrny by cvunninr ihu 
inieicourso to that object exclus vely. ^Ii) rrtarn 
lor this conduct, your excellency has prcveni.r' iho 
owners or mnnagrra of thcgniiii niirs in ihe viriil- 
iiy ol the ciiy from furniahini; any llmir to iho 
city, which ia a inie breach of the good faith your 
excellency had pledged lo me. 

It is false that any new work or roilificniinn ha* 
been undertaken, because one ni iwo icjiairB hnvo 
only served to place them in ilie saiiie cundjiion 
ihey were in on the d.y ihe armistice wa- oi,l. rcj 
into; .tccidetii, or the cunveiucii. t of ijie m<imen>, 
having caused the destruction of the then exi-imj' 
work.-). I had very early nonce of the e-tabiiniH- 
men of the baticiy behind the mud v/ni| of the 
house called GarayV, in the town occupied by 
you, nnd did not remonstrate, because ihe f«-acc of 
iwo great republics couid not be made i.i depeii.! 
upon ihings grave in themselves, but of liit'e vuhio 
compared to tlie result in which • II the frieoilii of 
humanity .ind of tnc prospariiy of the American 
continent lake so greiil an interest. 

It is not without great grief, and even ipdlann- 
tion, that I have received comniunicuiioosfroni the 
cities and vil ages occupied by the army of your 
excellency, in relation to the vudiition of ihe tem- 
ples consecrated lo ihe worship of God, lo (he 
filunder of the sacred vases, and to the profaiiarinn 
of the images venerated by the Mexi&in pe.q.h. 
Profoundy have I been afflicted by the compiaiuW 
of fathers and husbands, of the vndeiice olTcred to 
iheir daughters and wives; and these Raino ciiica 
and villages have been sacked, not only in vioia- 
of ihe armistice, but of ihcsucred principlrn 
proclaimed and respecled liy civiliZ'-d niii<nis. { 
have observed silence to (he present moment, in 
■dcr not to obstruct the progress of neg .liniiona 
hich held out ihe hope of terrninaliog >i scaoda- 
us war, and one which your cxoelleiicy has cliur- 
:lerizeU so justly as unnatural. 
But 1 shall desist offering apohgieii, becau.'C £ 
cannot be blind to ihe truth, that the Hue ciuise nf the 
threats of renewing hosiiiities, coniamed in 'ha 
note of your excellency, is, that I have not been 
Willing to si ;n a treaty which would lessen consid- 
erably not only the territ 'ry of the r<>publ,c. but 
ihat dignity and integriiy wliicli all nulious d. fend 
to the iastexiremity. .\nd if these con.-^ideraiions 
have not the s;ime weight in tiic himd i.f your ei- 
celiency, the re---pi>nsibi;iiy bef-ne li.e world, who 
can easily dis-nguish oii svijo.^e aide is tnoderatton 
and juaik-e, will fail upon you. 

1 ilatter myself ih it your c.xceiieucy will be con- 
vinced, on cdnl reflection, of the weight of tny 
reasons. But if, by misfortune, you slinuld seek 
only a preterit to deprive the first city of the Ameri- 
can continent of an opportunity lo free the urwrm- 
, It.tion of the horrors of war, ihere will be 
I left me no other means of saving them bui to repel 
most j force by force, with tiie decision and energy which 
I my high obligations impose upon me 
WINFIELD .SCOTT. . ; 1 have ihe honor to Ue, your excellency's very 
_ I obedient servant, 

ANTON 10 LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. 



la palabra suitpiies se traduzca 

ella se compreiida lo que pueda hnber meneiter 

ejercito, escepto ormas y muoiciones. 

ANTONIO LOPLZ UE SANTA ANNA 

Head-<ii3.\rters of tiie An.MY 

OF TUB U. S. OF America, 

Tacubuija, ^lugust 2-1, 1817. 
I accept and ratify the foregoing qualifications 
added by the President General of the Mexican 
Republic. WliNFIELL) SCOTT. 

By command of Major General Scott. 
H. L. SJOIT, 

.1. .//. «i. General. 



UEAU-UtJAKTEnS OF THE A RMV 

OF TUK U. S. OF AMfcRICA, 

Tacubaija, September ti, 1817. 
Excellency the 
!;sident and General-in-chief of the 

Mexican Republic. 
The 7ih article, as also tlie t2ih, that stip- 
hal trade shall remain nnmotested — of the 
armiBiice, or military convention, which 1 had the 
honor to r.itify and to exchange with your excel- 
lency ihe 24th ultimo— have been repeatedly vio- 
lated, beginning soon after dale, on the part of Mes- 
iiil I now liave good reason to believe Ihat, 
within tlie last foi-ty-eigiit hours, if not earlier, the 
third article of ihat convention has been eiiually 
violated by ihe dame party. 

Those direct breaches of faith give to this army 
Ihe most perfect right to resume liostiliiies against 
Mexico without any notice whatever; but lo allow 
time for possible explanation, apology, and repara- 
tion, 1 now (jivc formal notice that, unless full sat- 
hose allegations should be received by 
me before 12 o'clock meridian, to-morrow, 1 shall 



m end from and 

Kxcellenc 



14. Those Mexican medical oSIcers who 



may 



Ihe privilege I 



by each pariy- 
appoint a third. 



irhoi 



HtAD-UfAHTEKS, ArUY OF 

Mexican Republic, 

Mexico, Sijitimber G, 1847. 

To his excellency General tVinjield Scott, comri>ander- 

in-chief of the army of the United Stales. 

Sir: Dy ihe note of your excellency, under this 

case of riisagieefiient shall i date, 1 learn with surprise that you consider that | 

I the civil and rniiiuiry authorities of Mexico have ■ 



wish to attend the wounded shall ha 
of doing so if their services be required. 

15. For the more perfect execution of this agree- 
ment iwo commissioners shall be appointed— one 



ihc 



rigijtui — .Mexico, Scpicni'wr 
JO.SE I). UO.MERO. 



REPORT OF GENERAL WORTH. 

HEAD-QCAIirF.BS, l!=T DIVISION, 

Ti'cubaui, Sepltmber H), IS 17. 
Sir: Under the inconvenient ^rcuinslanccs iuci. 



THE SIGNAL 



dent to rrccnt batile, and derangement from loss of 
commandcn — staff, commiisioned, and non-com- 
missioned — and amid tlie active scenes resulting 
therefrom, I proceed to make a report, in obedience 
to the orders of the eencr«!-iii-chief, of the battle 
of El Moliiiodel Rey.'fought and won on the eighth 
of SciHembcr, 18-17,' by the first division, reinforced 
M follows: 

Isi. Tliree rquadrons of dragoons, and one com- 
pany of mounted riflemen — 270 men, under Major 
Sumner, 24 dragoons. 

2d. Three pieces of field nrlillcrj', under Captain 
Drum. 

3d. Two battering guns, (twenty-four pounders,) 
under Copi.nin Huger. 

4ih. Cudwaladcr's hridage, 784 strong, consisting 
of the voltigcur rcgimf^nt, the 11th and 14lh regi- 
ments of inlnntry. 

Having, in the course of the 7th, accompanied 
the gcneral-iii-chicf on a reconnoissancc of the formi- 
dttlie di>positions of the enemy near and around 
the caft'e of Chepultepec, they were found to ex- 
hibit an extended line of cavalry and infantry^ sus- 
toined by a field battery of four gun.<i — occupying 
directly, or sustaining, a system of defences collat- 
eral to the castle and summit. 1 his examination 
gave fair observation of the configuration of the 
grounds, and the extent of the enemy's force; but, 
as appeai-cd in the sequel, .in inndequate idea of the 
nature of his defences — they being skilfully mask- 
ed. 

The gcncral-in-chief ordered that my division, 
reinforced as before mentioned, should attack and 
carry those lines and defences, capture the enemy's 
artillery, destroy the machinery and mateiial sup- 
posed to be in the foundry, (El Molino del Key,) 
but limiting the operations to that extent. After 
which my command was to be immediately with- 
drawn to its position in the village of Tacubaya. 

A clt,6e and daring reconnoissancc, by Captain. 
Moson, of the engineers, made on the morning of 
the 7ih, represented the enemy's lines collateral to 
Chepulteiicc to be as follows : His left rested 
upon and occupied n group of strong stone build- 
ingii, culled El Molino del Rey, adjoining the 
grove at the foot of the hill of Chepullepec, and 
directly under the guns of the castle which crowns 
its Fummit 1 he right of hisline rested upon another 
sione building, called Casa Mata, situated at the 
foot of the ridge that slopes gradually from the 
heights above the village of Tacubaya to the plain 
below. Midway between these buildings was the 
enemy's field batterjr, and his infantry forces were 
disposed on either side to sflpporl it. This recon- 
noissance was verified by Captain Mason and Col- 
onel Duncan, on the afternoon of the s ime day. 
Thcresiult indicated that the centre was the weak 
point of the enemy's position ; and that his flanks 
were the strong points, his left flank being the 
stronger. 

As the enemy's system of defence was connected 
with the hill aid castle of Chepullepec, and as my 
operations were limited to a specific object, it be- 
came necessary to isolate the work to be accom- 
pllnhccl from the castle of Chepullepec and its im- 
n.ediaic dcf. nces. To effect this object, the follow- 
ing diHpo.sitions were ordered : Colonel Garland's 
brigade to take possession on the right, slreno'then- 
ed by two pieces of Captain Drum's battery, to 
look to El Molino del Rey as well as any support 
of this position from Chepultepec; and also wiihin 
sustaining distance of the assaulting party and the 
battering guns, which, under Captain Huger, were 
placed on the ridge, five or six hundred yards' from 
El Molino del Rey, to batter and loosen this posi- 
tion from Chepultepec. An assaulting party of 
five hundred picked men and officers, under com- 
mand of lircvct Miijor George Wright, 8th infan- 
try, was also posted on the ridge to the left of the 
battering guns, to force the enemy's centre The 
2J (Cli.rk'.'<) brigade, the command of which de- 
volved on Colonel Mcintosh, (Colonel Clark being 
sick.) wuh Duncan's battery, was to take post stiN 
further up the ridgc, oppssitc the enemy's right, to 
look to our left flank to ftiatam the assaulting col- 
umn if necessary, or to discomfit the enemy, (the 
ground beingTiivorable,) as circumstances mi'ht re- 
quire. Caclwalader'a brigade was held in reserve, 
in Bp.sition on the ridge, between the b.uiering guns 
and .Mcintosh's brigade, and in easy support of 
cither. The cavalry, under Major Sumrer, to en 
velope our extreme left, and he governed by eir 



cumstances — to repel or attack, as the commander's 
judgment might suggest. The troops to be put in 
position under cover of the ni^ht, and the work to 
begin as soon as the heavy metal could be proper- 
ly "directed. Colonel Duncan was charged with llie 
general disposition of the artillery. Accordingly, 
at 3 o'clock in the morning of the 8lh,. the several 
columns were put in motion on as many different 
routes; and when the gray of the morning enabled 
them to be seen, they were as accurately in position 
as if posted in midday for review. The early dawn 
was the moment appointed for the attack; which 
was announced to our troops by the opening of 
Huger'a guns on El Molino del Key, upon which 
they continued to play actively until this point of 
the enemy's line became sensilily shaken, when the 
assaulting party, commanded by Wright, and guid- 
ed by that accomplished officer, Captain Mason of 
the engineers, assisted by Lieutenant Foster, dashed 
gallantly forward to the assault. Unshaken by 
the galling of the musketry and canister that was 
showered upon ihem, on they rushed, driving in- 
fantry and artillery men at the point of the bayonet. 
The enemy's field battery was taken, and his own 
guns were trailed upon his retreating masses ; be- 
fore, however, they could be discharged, perceiv- 
ing that he had been dispossessed of his strong po- 
sition by comparatively a handful of men, he made 
a desperate effort to regain it. Accordingly his re- 
tiring forces rallied and formed for this object. 
Aided by the infantry which covered the house 
tops, (within reach of which the battery had been 
moved during the nighi,) the enemy's whole line 
opened upon the assaulting party a terrific fire of 
inu.'ketry, which strupk down eleven- oul of the 
fourleen officers that composed the command, and 
non-commissioned officers and men in proportion ; 
including, among.^t the officers, Brevet Major 
Wright, the commander, Capt. iVlason and Lieut. 
Foster, engineers, all severely wounded. This se- 
vere shock staggered, for a moment, that gallant 
l)and. The light battalion, held to cover Captain 
Huger's batiery, under Captain E. Kirby Smith, 
(Lieutenant Colonel Smith being sick.) and the 
right wingof Cadwalader's brigade, were promptly 
ordered forward to support, which order was exe- 
cuted in the most gallant style; the enemy was 
again routed, and this point of his line carried, and 
fully possessed by our troops. In the mean time 
Garland's (1st) brigade, ably sustained by Captain 
Drum's artillery, assaulted lheeneniy'sleft,and after 
an obstinate and very severe contest drove him from, 
his appsirently impregnable position, immediately 
under ihe guns of the castle of Chepultepec. Drum's 
section, and the battering guns under Capt. Huger, 
advanced to the enemy's position, and the captured 
gun.^ of the enemy were now opened 6n his retreat- 
ing forces, on which (hey continued to fire until 
beyond their reach. While this work was in pro- 
gress of accomplitshmcnt by our centre aim right, 
our troops on the left were not idle. Duncan's bat- 
tery opened on the light of the enemy's line, up to 
thi."! time engaged; and the 2d brigade, under Col. 
Mcintosh, was now ordered to assault the extreme 
rij;ht of the enemy's line. The direction of this 
brigade soon caused it to mask Diuican's battery— 
the fire of which, for the moment, was discontin- 
ued, and the brigade moved steadily on to the as- 
sault of Casa Mata, which, instead of an ordinary 
field intrenchment, as was supposed, proved lo be 
a strong stone citadel, surrounded v,'ith bastioned 
entrenchments and impassable ditches — an old 
Spanish work, recently repaired and enlarged. 
When within easy musket range, the enemy opened 
a most deadly fire upon our advancing troops, 
which was kepi up, without intermission, until our 
gallant men reached the very slope of the parapet 
of the work that surrounded the citadel, liy this 
time a large proportion of the command was either 
killed or wounded, amongst whom were the three 
senior officers present — Brevet Colonel Mcintosh, 
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Scott, of the 5th infan- 
try, and Major Wailc, of the 8th infantry ; the sec- 
ond killed, and the first and last desperately wound- 
ed. Still the fire from the citadel was unabated. 
In this crisis of the attack the command was, mo- 
mentarily, thrown into disorder, and fell back on 
the left of Duncan's ballery, where they rallied. 
As ihe 2d brigacie moved to the ass.iult, a very 
large cavalry and infantry force was discovered ap- 
proaching rapidly upon our left flank, to reinforce 
the enerav'p right,. As soon aa Duncan'.-J battery 



was masked, as before mentioned, supported by 
Andrews' volligeurs, of Cadw^dader's brigade, it 
moved promptly to the extreme left of our line, to 
check the threatened assault on this point. The 
enemy's cavalry came rapidly wiihin canister 
range, when the whole batiery opened a most 
effective fire, which soon broke the squadrons, and 
drove them back in disorder. During this fire up- 
on the enemy's (Svalry Major .Sumner's command 
moved to the front, and chanjeil direction in admi- 
rable order, under a most appiilling lire from the 
Casa Mata. This movement einililed Ins cniTimand 
to cross the ravine immediately cm the left of Dun- 
can's battery, where it remaiiifil, J.iinic noble ser- 
vice, until the close of theaciimi. At i he very mo- 
mtnt the cavalry were driven beyond reach, our 
own troops diew back from before the Casa Mata, 
and enabled the guns of Duncan's battery 



open upon this position; which. 



after a short and 



well-directed fire,the enemy abandoned. The guns 
of the battery were now turned upon his retreating 
columns, and continued to play upon them until 
beyond reach. 

He was now driven from every point in the field, 
and his strong lines, which had certainly been de- 
fended well, were in our possession. In fulfilmeiit 
of the instructions of the general-in-chief the Casa 
Mata was blown up, and such of the captured am- 
munition as was useless to us, as well as the can- 
non moulds found in El Molino del Rey, were de- 
stroyed ; after which my command, under the rei- 
terated orders of the general-in-chief, returned to 
quarters at Tacubaya, with three of the enemy's 
four guns, (the fourth having been spiked was ren- 
dered unserviceable ,) as also a large quantity of 
small arms, with gun and musket ammunition, and 
exceeding eight hundred prisoners, including fifty- 
two commissioned ofltcers. 

By the concurrent testimony of a prisoner, the 
enemy's force exceeded fourteen thousand men, 
commanded by General Santa Anna in person. 
His total loss, killed, (including the 2d and 3d in 
command. Generals Valdarezand Leon,) wounded, 
and prisoners, amounts to three thousand, exclu- 
sive of some two thousand who deserted after the 
rout. 

My command, reinforced as before stated, only 
■reached three thousand one. hundred men of oil 
arms. The contest continued two hours, and its 
severity is painfully attested by our heavy 'loss of 
officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates, 
including in the first two classes some of the bright- 
est ornaments of the service. 

It will be seen that subordinate commanders 
speak in the warmest terms of the conduct of their 
officers and men; to which 1 beg leave to add my 
cordial testimony. There can be no higher exhi- 
bition of courage, constancy, and devotion to duty 
and to country. 

These operations, occurring under the observa- 
tion of the general-in-chief, give assurance that 
justice willbe done to the noble officers and soldiers 
whose valor achieved this glorious, but dear-bought 
victory. Commending the gallant dead, the wound- 
ed, and the few unscathed, to the respectful mem- 
ory of their countrymen, uiitl the rewards due to 
valor and conduct, I present the names of ihoSB 
espeoiiilly noticed by subordinate commanders, 
uniting in all they have said, and exicnding the 
same testimony to those not named. 

Cavalry. — The conduct of Captain Hardee, and 
Lieutenant and Adjutant Oakes, is noticed with 
high and deserved commendation. 

Light battery. — Lieutenants Hunt, Hays, and 
Clarke. 

Drum's artillery. — Lieuls. Benjamin and Porter, 
4th artillery. 

Ordnance. — Lieuts. Hagner and Stone. 

Light baltalion. — Captain Reeve, 8th infantry : 
Lieuie. Peck, 2d artillery, and Dent, 5th infantry. 

2d artillery Lieutenant and Adjutant Ander- 
son, and Lieutenant Sedgwick. 

3d artillery. — Captain R. Anderson, and Lieuls. 
Lendrum, Andrews, and Shields. 

4ih infantry. — Brevet Major Buchannn ; Lieut, 
and Adjutant Prince; Lieuts. Gore, Smith, Judah, 
Lincoln, McConnell, and Jones. 

5th infantry. — Captains Ruggles and McPhail ; 
Lieut, and Adjutant Lugenbeel; Lieuts. Rossell, 
J. P. Smith, C. S. Hamilton, and Fowler. 

(ith infantry. — Captain Hoffman; Lieutenants E; 



THE SIGNAL. 



Johnson, Armistend, Wetmore, Bucltner, and Ad- 
jutant Ernst. 

8th infantry.— Brevet Major Wright; Captains 
Scriven, L. Smith, and Gaes ; and Lieuts. Seiden, 
Merchant, Morris, Pickett, and particularly Adju- 
tant Longatreet. 

Assaulting column. — Brevet Major Wright, 8th 
infantry, commanding, wounded ; Capt. J. L. Ma- 
son, engineers, wounded; Captain M. E. Merrill, 
5th inf\\ntry, killed; Captain A. Cadv, Ctli infantry, 
wounded; Captain W. H. T. Walker, 5th infantry, 
wounded ; Captain J. V. Bomford, 8ih infantry ; ]xt 
Lieut. M. L. Shackleford, 2d artillery, wounded;! 
1st Lieut. C. B Daniels, 9d artillery, wounded ; 1st 
Lieut. G. O. Haller, 4th infantry ; Isi Lieut. J. D. 
Clarke, 8th infantry, wounded; 9l1 Lieut. J. F. 
Farry, 3d artillery, killed; 2d Lieut. J. G. S. Snel- 
ling, 8th infantry, wounded ; 9d Lieut. M. Malo- 
ney, 4lh infantry; 2d Lieut. Joiin G. Foster, en- 
gineers, wounded. 

It becomes my grateful duty to notice the respec- 
tive commanders, each of whom was distinguished 
for conduct and gallantry. 

Major Sumner, 2d dragoons, managed his com-* 
mand with skill and courage; was always in the 
right place, at the right time, menacing or repelling 
superior forces of his own arm. I cannot give, nor 
does that officer need, higher praise. 

Lieut. Col. Moore, Sd'dra^oons, coming on the 
field during the action, while giving a fine example 
in his own person, delicately forebore to exercise 
his right to command. 

Licutenar t Colonel Duncan having been charged 
with the general disposition of the artillery, exe- 
cuted that service with his usual talent, and then 
commanded and directed the fire of his own balle^-y 
with habitual effect and results. His report em- 
bodies those of Huger and Drum. 

Captain Huger, chief of ordnance, placed hisbpt- 
teries and directed their fires with the highest skill, 
effect, and gallantry. 

Captain Drum's conduct was in all respects ad- 
mirable. (See his report, Lieut. Colonel Duncan's, 
and that of his brigade commander, Garland.) 

The ctief of the first brigade (Garland) conduct- 
ed his command to the assault with a courage and 
ability worthy of his own distinguished reputation. 
He speaks m terms of high commendation of the 
brigade staff— Brevet Captain Nichols, A. A. A. G., 
and Lieut. Thorn, A. D. C— both of whom were 
conspicuous ; the latter capturing a regimental 
standard. 

Brevet Colonel Mcintosh led the 2d brigade to 
the assault with the most daring courage', and fell 
under two severe wounds. He bestows deserved 
praise on the brigade staff^Lieut. and A. A. A. G. 
Kirkham, vfhosp. conduct was conspicuous to the 
whole command, and Lieutenant Burwell, who fell 
heading the assault. 

Captain McKenzie commanded the 2d artillery ; 
Captain Burke the 3d, (superseded in the course of 
the action by Lieut. Col. Belton;) Major Lee the 
4th infantry; Captain Chapman the 5th, after the 
"fall of Lieut. Col. Scott; Major Bonneville the 6th 
infantry; Major Waite the 8th, (succeeded, after 
being wounded, by Brevet Major Montgomery.) 
McKenzie, Burke, Waite, and Monlgomery, were 
eminently distinguished. 

I desire to bring to the notice of the general-in- 
chief the gallantry and good conduct of Brigadier 
General Cadwalader and his command, by which 
the most timely and essential service was rendered 
m supporling the attack, and following up the suc- 
cess. Such movements as he was directed to make, 
were executed with zeal and promptness. General 
Cadwalader particularly notices Colonel Andrews, 
Lieut. Col. Graham, killed, Lieut. Col. J. E.John- 
son, Majors Caldwell and Talcott, Captains C. J. 
Biddle, Irwin, and Guthrie, Lieut. R. H. Johnson, 
Assistant Surgeon S. D. Scott, and especially Cap- 
tain G. Deas, assistant adjutant general. 

My acknowledgments are due, and respectfully 
tendered, to Major Kirby, pay department, and 
Major Gaines, of the head-quaiter staff, v.ho came 
to me frequently during the conflict with communi- 
cations from the general irj-chief; and, at critical 
moments, my own staff being detached, did me the 
favor, under very hot fire, to give me their aid. 1 
bfg to tender to these gentlemen my thanks, par- 
""'i' -rly Major Kirby, a soldier of thirty-five years 



colonel 5ili lu 
on whom ( i- 
Captain I',, 
since deail.l 
vet Captain 1 
Burbank, (uii 
infantry; Lie 



ant dead, among wlinm the service 
;h soiil.d Scnii, brevet liouiennnl 
'■■• I . un Merrill, 5th infantry, 
ruling parly devolved; 
' ' , UH., tally wounded and 
1' ' '■ !"L' light battalion; Bre- 
r(!n, .'111 artillery '; First Lieutenant 
ally wounded and since dead,) 8th 
snanls Strong and Burwell, 5ih in- 
laniry ; and Lieutenant Farry, 3d artillery. All 
«(■''•'-'. - i It iinn fell as, when it pleased God, j 
il" > > • ' ' .. ishod to fall, fighting bravely at ' 
'1" ' ■. ' : I ii^>i>ns — leaving a bright example 

'"■' ' ' "potlesa names to the cherished I 

- I /.aicful duty to present to the! 

■i' ' , , I :iiMse ever faithful and accom- 

l'!i"ii''i 111' : ; 'liii-ers, Satterlce, Wright, Simp- 
son, De Lf.;n, Simons, Deyerle, and Roberts; the 
last mentioned, when the men of his regiment were 
almost deprived of commanding otficers, assumed 



From the LoutMi'ttU Journal. 



Conutfrfctt Kntliii 

Th« Oemnrrnl«, It ii niilurni ci 
will, nj a (Jencrnl rule, •upp.jri 
ticket, l>ut when Ihcy inti i. I 
lilce fnttm$i'itm fiir ihti* ' 



(he 



nthu! 



lot 



lit Pi^n 



vho protends to fee 
he n.imc uf Gene 
vUU fraud. 

Let ua h>'d: fi»r n moincnt at Iht 
nan. Gennr.il Piercn w«« onco i 
mill hif) nnminaliun liy the Dcin 



the duties of his 
j)erately, probably 
I have to ackn 
gentlemen of the s 
with accuiJt.imcd i 

badly wcm:'; ' I 
lery, divisi 

close of IL' ." 'h :: 

jutant general; C 



fallf 



and was dcs- 

iiums to the 
I their duties 
very. Cap- 
niieers, were 
■ ng, 2d artil- 
ishfd at the 
,,...sis:.uit ad- 

, I .|K:nt 



Semmes, (navy,) and Licuii i ' \.: 'He- 

camp; and Lieutenant Hanli i.al 

engineei-s. And I desire to !■ \,i i i.lar 

obligations to Major Borhs'.l, i Nm- 

teers, lately a prisoner of v.,i, ' . i. :> ,,ll, 
esq., ot Louisiana; Captain \'. , I ..i 1 1 u- 

gous, army agent, who came ii; n : !.- :, i, \ .kmi- 
teered then- acceptable services, anil conducted 
themselves, in the transmission of orders, with 
i;onspicuous gallantry. 

Accompanying is a tabular slalement of casual- 
ties, with lists, by name, of rank and file killed, 
viz : nine officers killed, and forty-nine wounded ; 
seven hundred and twenty-nine rank and file killed 
and wounded. 

Reference is respectfully made to the annexed 
topographical sketch, executed by Lieut. Hard- 
castle, as illustrative of the tactical part of this re- 
port. 



honor 



be, 



ry respectfully, your 

W. J. WORTH, 

cvet Major Getieral Commandhtg. 



To Captain Scott, 
.1. .fl. MjvM 



Genernl, heiul-quciHei 



Ge.n-ek,\l Scott's Humanity.- The following 
anecdote i3 related by the New Yutk Timfs: 

VVfjen General Scot was preparing" to tike pas 
sage homeward from Vera Cruz, in order to show 
their high apprcciaiiou of his labors, the persons in 
authority there, as well as the rest of the popula- 
tion, urged him to lake tnc largest anil best ship in 
the harbir, fi,r the passage of himself and staff. He 
positively relosec 



ill not take one of those ves 
uraiJcs, who have shared ' 
e battle, will be here, and 
-els at ieJL.i one or two r 
I heir homes must brave 
iv be comfortably aex:om 



couunoda 






ireps 



I.I b'y the 
licred the 



rbor, named 



mysell and stal 
e lack in comfort 
we will have in I 
welfare of our comrades." 

There wa.s a Email brig i 
Petersburg, Captain Wilson, master, of one hun- 
dred and sixty Uns. He sa!l.-<i in li.-r. But she 
contained the seeds of yellow I'.vcr. la three days 
the pestilence broke out, and Soott was seized with 
the oisease, which threateneet his existence for a 
lime. Tile examples of hie gem 



but 






close this report ^ 



are rather 
■an to give 
1 Scott and Graham a rousing majority in 
houtn passing Iri-lgreat hisW. — Ctimie.sville (fail) Tiiiuf. 



"Hasty."— The Whigs in lb 
hasty, anei from all appearance. 



Com 



;iot one U,- 



five I hot 



history The lew who had ever known ul lii> l.r . 
ing in Congress had forp-ntti.ii it utieily. iti> ilnl 
nothing in that hudy to make hiieipell rcin'-iiil'.'rc.t 
ivrn lor .1 day. Alter hie recent noniiiiBii. n, ili> 
fact that he was once in Con«7;'rtt)i bifj^.in (i> If i ir- 
colateil anion? our citizens, and It wu« m wn ii. all 
of Ihcni, Wings and Deiiiocrots. A ffenllenmn nl 
(liJtinguisheil lalont.^, who wan in C)hffr.-*j viih 
him, says that he cannot rrmcinbL-r niiy iliin^- 
about hini— ihal he cannot even recall him lu 
mind. 

Well, some lime afier iho krcoklnir out of the 
war, General Pierce jolnciMiencrBl S ..if-n.iuy 
in .Mcxiio. He was an uneliatinruithi'd in the 
(iild as he hael been in Uougrcse. TIr; nnn«inci.i. 
tion after the Baltimore noininalionit llnl hr hail 
iviexiean war wa« jum lu iniii:h ncw» 






ilhe 



of hii 



been in Congris.-<. In Ihe whole dn 

tory of the nur there is no report 

ports may be found fioin Gcncrali 

Shields, l-illow. Wool, L.n.;, Twi; 

Smith, Quitman, Harney 

nearly u score of coLuncls ana rnsjura, nut r 

from General Pierre. In none of tlie Deiiioc 

papera published during- the war was there 

mention whatever of General Pierce as one i 

heroes. Th'jse papers ignorcei hi 



iinif 



Uiry biK 

111). Itc 

Ichcrals Scoll, Worth 
le, Twiggs, Pttliereuii 
and oiherfl, and (rmt 
nd rnsjura, hut 



olhc 



lied l.y Ihe 



bravery to ejistinciion, they often mentioned 
the other generals, but nut once die! ihey wrilc I'lc 
name of Pierce. And now, when they tind il ne- 
cessary to hunt up and tell what their nominee did 
in Mexico, the sum total ol all Ihe show they arj 
able to make in his behalf is, that he lumbted from 
his horse just as he was gelling into one fight, thai 
he fainted and fell in the opening of a second, tliat 
he got sick and had to go to bed on tlie eve of ri 
third, and that he came pretty near gelling inter 
the fourth, missing it only by about an hour. II 
these were not a!i of his achievements during th.? 
war, lei his organs give us the rest. 

Nolxiily thought of this Gcu. Pierce, the .'orgut 
ten member if Congress ond the firgo'ten war 
rior, unul the B.iltimejp- Convention raiscrt him uji 
for lolks to gaze at. Nobo.iy even in that con 
vcntion thought of his nomination until it was 
found impossible lo nominateany man o) ihe. least 
prominence. On the last day of- the c nveniion 
there was a very general •iisiiusition among llie 
members to break up and go home wiihoui any 
nomination at all, leaving me Dcmccrala through- 
out ilie Union to vote lerr whomscevrr ihevple.i.^.i;. 
■f he only choice was between taking this coursi- 
and nominating some specimen of cbscurity. In 
su. h :i slate of rcclmg, Ifce name of I'ierce was 
brouelit Ibrward; and ihcconveniion, «.-cing ih^i 
the only, alternative was to break up without do- 






he noininnta 
taikab.i.l 



nown than any other ofTl. 
war. anei wtmm Ihc pen;:. 
: possible candidate f 'r the 



1 Iraud, a cheat, and i 



The Lettck.— A very a»iili.^ c.l uiafiguc limle 

discussed, whcihcr in the hit r ' ' ■ 

Scott received, or should Jiuve <■■ i 

eral Pierce, any thing wa» -> i' 

the Fugiiive Slave lav. We i. 

question can be srtih-d wirhnul lii 

the letter; we therefore join ih- !r.r..i-.i . i.. j 

Lettes! Lettish' ),KTti.s I— /.'ii/i/ii<nn/ »7i/{r 



THE SIGNAL. 



THE ^SIGNAL. 

CITY OP WASHINGTON, JULY 31, 18J3. 
WHIG NOMINATIONS 



FOR PRESIDENT, 

VV INFIELD SCOTT. 

Of New Jersey. 
ron VICE PRESIDENT, 

WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, 

Of North Carolina. 



was the candidate of the Aboli 



I undeniably that the surprise in the ranks of Mr. Atwooj) 

ihe Southern Democracy has alarmed Gene- tionisls in New Hampshire for the office of 
I ralPiKRCE'3 friends. Like Ma rt.-n Van Be- i Governor. General Pierce thought a man 
lKr.s. he is recommended as a Northern man : was "none the worse " for being a thorough 
i with Southern principles. He is claimed by'ATwtwD man. He recognised the "higher 
I Secessionists to have been nominated by them. ;law" when he was trying to conciliate Aboli- 
iThe Democratic ticket is claimed a^one of tionists! 

I their "creation and choice." I Here is another extract from the Manchester 

' General Pierce's home-made speeches are 1 DcmocraJ .■ 

'relied upon to procure for him the support After a few uioie Kxclamaiions in regard to aav- 
!of Democratic Frresoilers. The V.kn Bu-i"? the Union, and announcing the fact that in 
; „ ,■■,-, /-> tbe late war "my own command and the Palmetto 

iHENS, Pkeston Kings, Rantouls, Gleve- _.^^._^^^^ ^^^^^ f^^_^,j,^^ „„ ^,,^ fi,,^ ^f t,,„ie," 
j lands, and Halletts, are all wishing to abol ,ije General again took up the Compromise mea- 

ish slavery wherever it exists in God's heri- surea, eaying that the North pot the kernel and 
, „ .- ■ J r D the South the shell. He repeated what Mr. Ayer 

tage.and all are earnest '"ends of Pierce. |^h^^^'--;^-;';y^^^. ..^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

I Let us first see what the Democratic papers [3j^.„(,(,ut „hich so much noise ie made, was in 
I referred to said of Pierce in January last : ,,0 particular diffcrei 
I'hich we bad lived : 
Here Mr. Fogg- .=a 
fcle i "^' ""' '""""^ appointed at New Boston Centre 1 the epeaker. he 



GENERAL PIERCE AND HIS FREE 
SOIL ALLIES. 
Washington city, 

. July llth, 1S5-2, 
Our attention was called to an arti... . _^ ^^.^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^ ^^ j^^^^^y 

in Ihe Republic of this date, relating to j tVanklin Piene, to address (he 

" Franklin Pierce 



From the Indpmdeni Dtmocral, published at Concord, 
New JJampthire. 

New Boston Centre 



it from Ihe law of 1783, under 

icarly sixty years." 

id that, without interrupting 

lishrd to make an inquiry: "If 

by General in no pifrlicular different, why was it necessary to 

_ ^ ^ , _ _ _ zens of thai I pass the present law .'" 

anrl hk Vrppsnil -illips " ' 'o*" '» regard to Ihe difficulties between himself General Pierce replied that the old kw could not 
anuuibrieeauu dlIle^. ; ,„j ^ p^^,;,,^ „f i,,„ Pj„,o„„,b cf that section, he be executed because its execution depended on 
In order to enable us to answer numer- occupied the hour of hia in defending- his military ' the Stale courts. He also said something which 
0U3 inquiries from our constituents and 1 character. He explained .he circumstances of his waa not fully understood about the law of 1793, as 

^ u r 1 I, [fainting, and declared that, "with the exception of I based partly on the common law. 

Others, as to the truth Ol the charges , ^ ^j^^j^ occasion, he had led his command in ihe 1 He was then asked: "Was either the law of '93, 
against General Pierce, we have taken i blaze of every battle." lor the present law, founded in any degree upon 

,° . . . ,, 1 „u After this he commenced speaking upon the Fu- jibe common law?" 

the pains to examine the several numbew !^.,.^^ g,^^^ 1^^ Hesaid tlmtit d fferedin noim-; General Pierc..-"lcan't go into a disquisition 
of the N. H. Patriot, quoted from in the I portant particular from the law of 1793 A clergy- i upon the common law." 

following article, relating to the course of j ■"^" ^'^'^ ""^^ P™'"' ™f,'"*' ^' '»■"> '"^*'^'.'"" I ^ ^''"^ '""ifZ T "r" "if '^ 7" ^°" '■^S"^' '''1 

o ' " [had hern given, he would like to make an inquiry: ; features of the Fugitive Slave law as consistent 

Geneial Pierce, Messrs. Norris, Hibbard, , ..do you regard the featurfs of the Fugitive Slave i with common law. >" 
and Peaslee, Members of Congress from 



New Hampshire, at home. We have 
found the extracts correct on careful ex- 
amination. 

We have also examined the laws and 
resolutions of the State of New Hamp- 
.ihire, and find them correct as quoted. 
WM. CULLOM, 
Of- Tainessce. 
EDWARD STANLY, 
• Of J\rort/i Carolina. 

We annex the article from the Republic 
referred to in the foregoing certificate. 



law as consistent with common law?" i GiruralPierce.—"fVM,{flmustamioer,No I 

General Pierce immrdiaiely replied: "If I muatlilo not. I answer, no; 1 have a nwst revolting feet- 
amtcer the question, I aoy no, I do not. J Itavebeen'livgat the giving up of a ilavc; the Fugitive Slate 
askid if I liked this Fugitive S:ave law. I answered' law is opfiosed to humanity. [Here some one tn- 
\no, J loathed it. I hove a most revoltin^feeling at quired, 'Is it not opposed to WgA/.''] Yes, it it op- 
I the giving up of a slave; the law is opposed to hu- \ iiosed to moral right. Bot our falhers made the 
imanity,*^ ! compact, and we must fulfil it I say nothing ol 

Here Mr. Fogg inquired; '■Jf it was not opposed j ihe humanity ofit, nothing o! the right of it." 
to right as well as humanity.'" General Pierce re- ; j^j_ Pierce was willing to approve the 
I niietl: "Yes, it ia opposed to 7nora/ right." . , l xt .1 1 j 

; The above is the substance of General pie-ce's i '^"'"P''""'®® '"^"^"'^^ °®'=*"^^ *"^ ^'^'' " " 
j re marks upon the Fugitive Slave law. The quota- 'got the "kernel and the South the shell?" He 
I lion marks include the very lantuage used by the • ij^d '-revolting feelings at the giving uji of a 
I General, as taken down at the time it was uttered. 1 ,, ^ , ^l ^ l l *u 

^, . , , Ulave." Can we wonder that he has the cur- 

The next piece uf evidence which it is ne- ,. , ... 1- u d 

. ,. . ,,.,.. , dial support of Martin Van Buren, Ran- 

Icessary in this connexion to republish is irom the, ' --, j t. 

,. u . /».' II \ 7. , ri 01 TouL, Hai.lett, Clevela.nd, and Pr 

j Manchester (N. H.) i/eiiiocrai of January b. It 1 

j is in iho form of a letter, dated Now Buslon, .Ian 

uary 3, 1852. General Pierce made a speech, | Of ^'>»'^' ^''^ Publication of these facts, with 
From the Rejpuhti,. \ ^„j i„,j„i^^d j,- „,^,^ „.,, ^^y .evolutionary sul- i "'«'' «»»='"'^^' '•■^idences, greatly disturbed the 

In our issue of the 13th instant we copied ^^^ p,g,,„, -j-he letter from the Manchester | Secessionists who had nominated Pierce, and 

wo articles from Ihe Independent Democrat, *" " "^' 

"sZVoI/in7h7 audience 'aLiounc"ed"yaVMr \ '" >'"« f"™ °' ^""'^er. How was this donel 
Albert Hogg, a revolutionary soldier, (and in 1815] By a publication in a late number of the Union, 
and '46 a member of the Legislature from New! ^jg. ^^^ names of Mr. NoRRis, Harry Hib- 
Boston,) was still living, but not present: and a ! ■ /-. n n m 



King? 



of Concord, New Hampshire, and the Man- 
chester (N. 11.) Dem<icrat, in relation lu Gen- 
eral Pierce's views on the question of slavery. 
These articles were published in Democratic 
newspapers before General Pierce was thought 
of as a candidate for the Presidency. They 
were not written with any design of Injuring 
him. They were not contradicted by him at 
the liine, though one of them was published in 
his own town. They were not contradicted by 
any friend of hii, or by any •ditor friendly to 
him. 

Certain gentlemen in Congress from New 
Hampshire have attempted to deny the truth 
■>f ihese publications, Their denial shows 



V, Mr. NoRRis 



second voice announced that he wast ^„ 

Atwood man. ' is a Senator from New Hampshire, and Messr 

General Pierce.— "Aad none the worse for that." 1 Hibbard and Peaslee are members (if the 



Voice. 



. I think. 



The General then proceeded loepeekcf hisfat; 



House of Representatives. These gentlemen 



mother as riding horseback over rough roads, [ did ""t ''ear General PlERCE'sspeech; they con- 
and of the great improvements that have been i tent themselves with saying that the New 
m de within a few years. He referred to the Con.- j Hampshire papers that publish the speech are 
«/i(H(ion of the country, and in a pious train of] ,, ,. . . ,, , ,. , ., ■ 

thought rscognis.d the higher law, and " that power ; -'Abolition prints." In reality, however, this 
above ail con^litiilions." Hit pottion here was 10 [m^hea the testimony stronger, for surely 
untqnivocal.lhatlheR.o.Mr.Fog^.forr^crlyacler•.^^ "Abolition print" would not, to injure 
Pierce, publish that he denounced the Fu- 



0/ this town, could Imt 
'fanatical" to .nli^fy the 



!gitive law, and said he " loathed'' 



It, 



THE SIGNAL 



73 



what the members of Con- | the Wilmot proviso were adopted? 



This was calculated to benefit him among 
the Abolition Democrat* In New Hampshire. 
Then these three volunteer defenders of 
General Pierce give alio two letters— one 
from a Mr. B. F. AvER.dated Manchester, July 
15, 1852, and the other from Mr. J. M. Camp- 
bell, also dated Manchester, July 15, 1852. 
The subslanc 
gress, with Mr. Aver and Mr. Campbell, 
state is, A&l the report of General Pibuce's 
speech in the Democrat and Independent De- 
mocrat is untrue, and that these papers are 
"Abolition journals." 

Now let us try General Pierce's friends by 
the same rule that they would apply to others. 
In 1848 it was expedient, for such politicians 
as Messrs. Pierce, Norris, Hibbard, and 
Peaslee, to secure Abolition votes in New 
Hampshire. From a file of the New Hamp- 
shire Patriot — not called an "Abolition jour- 
nal" by these gentlemen— it appears that in 



other opposing all "unaulliorized interference," Among the nays are C. F. Cleveland, J. 11. 
as endangering the Union, &c. Now, if aboli- Giddinge, Charles H. Peaslee of New 
lion journals are not worthy of belief, uhat shall .Hampshire, J. M. Root, and David VVilmot. 
be said of xMeesrs. Norris and Hibbard, mem- • In justicB to Mr. Pieroe we quote a pas- 
bers of Congress, who supported the above re- age from one of his Congressional speeches 
solutions at a time when some of the Southirn 'upon this question as it is reported in the Ap- 
Slates threatened to secede from the Union if jpendix to the ConffTCuional Globe, 25th Cong., 



2d Sess., 



page rA: 

: 910 hesitation 



tayin^ 



that I coniitler 



In the New Hampshire Pd^rio*, the organ "' . . 

-„ Vi rr J D„ 'slavery a social and political eml, and md"^ f^"<""'y 

of Pierce, Norr.s, Hibbard, and Peaslee- |^.^,^ ^,^^^ .^ ^^^ J ^^^,^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^ „j. ,^, 

the organ of the Wilmot Proviso Democratic ,.arth; but it is pcrfoctly immaterial how it may 
friends of ihe South— the names of those be regarded cither by you or myself; it is not for 
T-v . i_ . 1 r .u „ .„,„i.,,;„„„ U8 lo sit in judgment, and determine whether the 

Democrats who voted for these resolutions, ' •*.?,, .-cr . o. . . .u r- 

nghls secured to the different States by the Coneti- 
are published. The New Hampshire i'rt- ,„,;„„ arc blessings or otherwise: it is sufficient for 
iriot says, " every man elected as a Demo- the argument that they are rights which Ihe in- 
crat voted in favor of them;" and among 'habitants do not choose to relinquish." 

It will bo seen that, like others ot his party 



the names of those who thus voted are Aver 
and Campbell. 



Will the Wilmot Proviso fr'"" New Hanipshire, Mr. P.i 



-E has 



g^j itiANTOUL said of Hallett, •' two systems." 

,,^g^i_ ,In New Hampshire he is "loathing" slavery ; 

iin Washington city his views are more modo- 



'rale. 
We 



to the home action of Mr. 



Democrats, Messrs. Norris, Hibeari 
Peaslee — the men who advocate all 
tutional means which may tend towards 
847 the Legislature of New Hampshire [removal of slavery — inform us if these are the 

lassed a series of resolutions on the subject of i same Mr. Aver and Campbell who deny the i ,■ ■ . f • j j • ii .- 

Pi^^^^jgiPiERCE's political friends, and especially ot 
; those who have voluntarily assumed the re- 
I "Letuse-xamine the course pursued by the iSP«"sibility of sponsors of Mr. Pierce's po- 
defenders of General Pierce in the House of l"i"^=il '"^i^''- ^e think it can be made evident 
„ . ■ -. • .u I 1 1 that the gentlemen who have gallantly rushed 

Representatives, as it appears in the Journals ''"'^ f' a j 

of that body. We begin with the 1st Session 
31st Congress, page 21(.t: 

December 31, 1849.— Mr. Roor ofl>;red ilit - ,. 
\na,ipg resolution: charges of the " intamous" Abolition and De- 



slavery. These were presented to the Senate | correctness of the report of Gei 
of the United States, and included the fol j speech? 

Let us e.icamine the course pursued liy 

SENATE-3Uth Congress, 1st Session. AlisosUa- ' " ' ' '^ 

ueous. No. 17. 
Resolutions of the Legislature of New tlampslure in 

relation to Slavcrj/. 

December 20, 1847. Ordered to lie on the table, 

and be printed. 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



to Mr. Pierce's rescue themselves stand in 
argent need of defence — that some of tho most 
! valiant railers in his behalf, as against the 



of slavery 
as su< 
■illingto 



rf House of Representa- \ "Resolved, That the Committee on 
tened. That we regard j be instructed to report to the House, w 
al, and I delay as practicable. 



•^slmocratic prints, may be supposed to be most at 

home in Freesoil company — and t'lat the whole 
:able, a bill or bills providinsra ^ ,,/-,. c. / 

political evil; and, as such, we deeply regret its , territorial government or governments for all that i Demucralic party of the Granite Stafe are very 



I that may tend tO' 






territory ceded to the United States by t unfit subjects for southern embraces. 

the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo lying j The Democratic Slate Convention was held 



hly opposed Lagtv^.ard of the Sierra Nevada mountains. 



jat Concord on the 11th of Ji: 



, 1846. 



Gene- 



ble and conatitutioial i 
wards its removal; but 

to all movements having for their avowed object, ! prohibiting slavery therein 
or probable effect, the dissolution of our National | Mr. ALE.'CASDEn H. Stephens moved thattheUal Pierce was one of the committee on reso- 
Union, or the violation of our N.ilional Constitu- | resolution be laid upon the table. ilutions, and that body reported the following, 

tlon-a Constitution u,d Union which must be pre \ pecided in the negative-yeas 83, nays 101. '^^„^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^.,,i^l, „,„g unanimously adopt- 

Among the nays are C. F. Cleveland, J. jgj^ J,gj ^ speech in their favor by General 
R. Giddings, Harry H 



sirved, and which ca» be preserved only by a sir: 
adherence to the aoleilin compromises which lie 
its foundation. 



Resolvfd, That in all territory which shall here- 
afler be added to or acqjired by the United States, 
where slavery does not exist at the time of such 
addition or acquiremen , neither slavery nor in- 
voluntary servitude, Exce->t for the punishment of 
criine, whereof the party iss been duly convicted, 
ou^ht ever to exist, but tie same should ever re- 
main free; and we are oppised to the extension of 
slavery over any such ttrritry ; and that we also 
approve the vute of our Seniors and Representa- 
tives in Congress in favor of lie Wilmot proviso. 

Resolved, That our Senates in Congress be in- 
structed , and our Representatves requested, by all 
expedient and constitutional nrjans and measures, 
to sustain the principles herein\bove set forth. 
MOSES NOiRIS, Jr., 
Speaker of the House rf Representatives. 
HARRY HIBURD, 

Priiiden qf tlie Senate. 
Approved June 30, 1847. 

JARED W. WILLlAiIS, Governor. 
A true copy. Attest: 

THOMAS P. IREA'^WELL, 

Scret.ry </ Stale. 
There were two other lesjhitons, already 
twice published in the Republc — oie asserting 
that the slave States alone hac poner to legis- 
late upon slavery within such Stales, and the 



F. Cleveland, J.I gj ^Cg, 
NewHa[Hp-!p,'j,pcE: 



shire, Preston King,, Charles H. Peaslee i " Resolved 
of New Hampshire, J. M. Root, and David ! opinions of ( 
VVilmot. istatesmenof 

. I the present 
Ou February 4, 1850, (page 4o2,) Mr-j^eplore its 
Root modified his resolution, by. striking out moral 
"Siei^a Nevada mountains," and inserting the | 



oat we reatlirra I 
Democratic party < 



and 



Democratic 
North, entertained from 1776 to 
nt day, in relation to slavery: that %ve 
its exiateuce, and regard it as a great 
id social evil; but, with this conviction, 
do not deem ourselves more wise than Wasb- 
„ .- ,- ;i„u, Franklin, and their assooiales, and that pa- 

Word "California;" whereupon Mr. V enable ii^i„,j^„, _„„„,„„„ ,,,,„^3,y,and religious principle, 
moved that the resolution be laid on the table. I alike bind us to a sacred observance of the ccim- 
Amongthe nays are C. F. Cleveland, J. R. P^'^'' "'^^e by those wise men." 
Giddings, Harry Hibbard, Chas. H. Peas-J The Democratic State Convention, held Oc- 
LEE J. M Root ;tober, 15, 184G, realRrmed the same resolu- 

Febbuarv 4, 1850, (page 454.)— Mr. Gipl.inos j '■'°"^-'' 

offered the following resolutions: I ,f Atthe Democrat.cSta.e Convention, Oct. 15th, 

•^Resolved, That we hold these truths to be self- ; jg^g jj^^ hibbard was one of the Committee 
evident thatal men are^ created equa that they R,,„,utions. At thi.. Convention, Messrs. 

r.^:M:n"igbf trm-: ^r\?^e::^i:'l^^\C. H Pea.Ieea„d B. F. Hallett, of Bo.ton, made 
ernments are constituted for Ihe purpose of m.iin {speeches. . , „ ■ ^ 

taiiiing these rights I The vote in Congreiss ot the Representatives of 

•'Resoleed, That in constituting governments in { New Hampshire, in f\ivor of the Wilmot proviso, 
itory of the United SlatPS, it. is the doty | approved ) 



of CongreRi 



rcso- 



eecure all 
plexion, in 
rights afjresaid." 

Mr. Haralson-, of Georgia, moved that the said i Representatives in Congress in favor of jVIr. Wd- 
resolutions be laid upon the table— yeag !03, | mot's amendment to prohibit slaves in afty territory 
nays 90. " | that may be acquired in Mexico." 



ooplc the 


reof, of 


At the Convention of Oct. I5th, 1846 


this r 


njoyment 


of Ihe 


lution was adopted: 








" Resolved, That we approve ot the 


vote of 



74 



THE SIGNAL. 



In 1847 the Legislature of New Hampshire, 
in both branches of which (he Democrats had 
a decided majority, passed the resolutions 
which were published in the Republic on the 
23d instant, declaring, among other things, 
that— 
" We regard the institut 



of slavery as a mo- 
ral, social, and political evil, and ng such wc 
deeply re=:ret its existence, and are willing to con- 
cur m all reasocsble and constitutional measures 
that may teiid towards its removal." 

A Democratic Stat' 
at Concord October S 



Convention was held 
3, 18-47, of which Hon. 
Moses Norris, jr., (now a Senator) was Pre 
sident, and General C. H. Peaslee (now a 
Kepresentative in Congress) was one of the 
Committee on Resolutions. The committee 
reported the following, which was unanimously 
adopted : 

"We declare it our solemn conviction, as the 
Democratic party have heretofore done, that nei- 
ther slavery nor involuntary servitude should here- 
after exist in any territory which may be acquired 
or annexed to the United Slates, and that we ap 
prove the votes of our delegation in Congress in 
favor of the Wilmot proviso." 

At the second session of the New Hampshire 
Legislature in 1848— being still strongly Demo- 
cratic in both branches — sundry resolutions were 
passed on the subject of slavery. One series, 
declaring the importance of preserving the ter- 
ritories free from slavery, was passed and ap- 
proved December 29, 1848. On the next day, 
December 30th, on motion of J. L. Hadi.ey, 
since Democratic Secretary of State, a resolu- 
tion passed both branches, and was approved, 
declaring that— 

"We cordially approve of the vote of our Kepre- 
sentntives in Congress, at the present session there- 
of, upon the subject of the slave trade in the Di.-trirt 
of Colombia, and request their concurrence in all 
socii just and constitutional legislation as may be 
necessary to prevent all traffic in slaves therein." 
Five days afterwards, namely, on January 
4,1849, a further declaration on the subject 
of slavery, contained in a new series of reso- 
lutions, was drawn up and introduced, (see 
New Hampshire Patriot, January 11, 1849,) 
by the Hon. Harry Hibeard, then President 
of the New Hampshire Senate, now a Repre- 
sentative in Congress. The adoption of the 
resolutions was moved by Mr. Hibbard, then 
a candidate for Congress, who left the chair for 
that purpose ; they were voted fur by all the 
Democratic Senators, and were adopted. They 
wore in the following language : 

••Resolved by the Senate and House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court convened. That we are 
in favor of the passage of a law by Congress for- 
ever prohibiting slavery in New Mexico and Cal- 



urge the passage of 
Mexico and Californ 
always heretofore d 
given in favor of sue 
ciple of the same. 



1 tbeii 



h a law in relation to Ncv.' | supported all sections 
andweapprove,a3 we have j they hnve not only lamenfe 
•• of all their votes already ; great ,ocial evil, but regarded 
law, or m favor of the prin j danger to the peace and welfa, 
Re.iolved, That in our o-. 



"Rfjofufd, That the Secretary of State be directed 
to forward a copy of the foregoing resolutions ti 
each of our Senators and Representatives In Con 

gress." 

O 




a, and in all othe 
r hereafter to be a 
a v/hich slavery do 
cquisition. 



red by ihe United State 
ot exist at the lime of sue 



••Resolved, That events have recently (ffieurred 
and are now transpiring, at the seat of the General 
Government and elsewhere, which accm to make 
necessary a renewed expression of our views upon 
the subject. 

••Resolved, That our Senators in^Congress be in- 
ilrucled, and our Representatives be requested, to 



the 28th of December, 184&, a De- 
mocratic Convention for the nomination of a 
member of Congress for the second Congres- 
sional district was held at Meredith Bridge, at 
which General Charles H. Peaslee was put 
in nomination. That convention adopted the 
following resolution unanimously: 

Resolved, That they ((he Democracy of this 
district) will never approve nor cease to oppose, 
by all proper and constitutional means, the exten- 
sion of slavery to free Territories; that Califor- 
nia and New Mexico being now legally free from 
slavery, it is Ihe duty of our Government to allow, 
or cause it to continue so, as long and so far as it 
has any control over the matter, and our Repre- 
sentative in Congress is hereby requested to use 
his influence and exertions for the attainment of 
that object." 

The Legislature of 1849 was also decidedly 
Democratic in both branches. A select com- 
mittee was appointed in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, to whom were referred the report 
and resolutions of the Legislature of Virgi 
and also certain resolutions of the Legislature 
of Missouri on the subject of fugitive slaves; 
together with a new law on that subject then 
pending before Congress. The committee 
made a report and recommended resolutions, 
both of which were adopted by the Legislature, 
approved by the Governor, and copies of the 
same sent to every State in the Union. The 
report is too long for insertion here; but, among 
other things, it contains the following in refer- 
ence to the representations in the report from 
Virginia on the subject of fugitive slaves: 

"That these pictures are drawn with more feel- 
ing than fidelity, and are the result of adislemjicred 
fancy rather than an impartial observation of facts, 
nowiedgn of the orderly and law-observin/ 
character of non-slaveholdipg communities com' 
1 us to believe." 

In regard to the new Fugitive Slave law, 
mentioned in the report from Virginia, the com 
mittee say: "The new legal remedy asked for 
' by the report under consideration is, indeed, 
' remarkable." The committee then go on to 
state the specific demands in this "new leoal 
remedy," and sum them up by saying that 
they 

"Are clai-ms so extraordinary— so insulting to 
the free States— ihai they cannot have been ad- 
vanced with any expectation of their meeting with 
the sanction of any Slate where a regard to the in 
terests of slavery has not become paramount to 
every proper appreciation of Stale rights, and of 
tho rights end security of fretmen." 

The committee conclude the report by re- 
commending a series of resolutions, from which 

we select two : ,, ,„, _ . , ... 

" The Compr<fn\Bq bill, 

■• Resolved, That opposed to every lorm of op- was far better; fieseiamc measures, as they stood 

pression, the people of New Hampshire have ever in that bill, weB le:/objcctionable than they now 

wed with deep rejret the existence of slavery are, inasmuch as /large extent of territory i^ 

this iMUon; Ihat while they have steadfastly | given to Texa/ to Aeconie slave territory, which 



the constitutionul power to abolish the slave trade 
and slavery in the District of Columbia, and that 
our Senators in Congress he instructed, and our 
RepresenlEtivei be requested, to lake all'constitu. 
tlonal measures to accomplish these objects." 

The report and resolutions were adopted and 
approved by the Governor July 7, 1849. 

We are not aware that the Democracy made 
any declaration in the Legislature of 18.50 on 
the subject of slavery, but in an authoritative 
record of their State Convention, held on the 
24th of October, 1850, at which, the editor of 
the New Hampshire Patriot says, "the ut- 
most harmony and enthusiasm prevailed," we 
find the following as a part of one of the reso- 
lutions adopted: 

••Resolved, That Ihe holding of human beings in 
a slate of bondage is a curse to any country; that 
weare opposed to shivery, black or white, inrall its 
forms, and under whatever circumstance's." 

Leaving the more authentic source of New 
Hampshire Democratic profession at home, in 
the resolutions adopted by their Legislatures, 
with the approval of their Governors, and of 
their Stale Conventions, let us turn for a mo- 
ment to the sentiments promulgated by the 
New Hampshire Patriot, the general organ of 
the New Hampshire Democracy, and the par- 
ticular organ of General Pierce. 

The Patriot of the 16th of May, 1850, con- 
tains an editorial, making grievous complaints 
against the Independent Democrat, which the 
editor of the Patriot set.? forth as follows, 
showing his views in regard to the Compro 
mise measures: 

"The last number of the Indejeudent democrat 
was unusually prolific in deiibereleaud malignnnl 
falsehoods. They are loo numerous to mention and 
too palpable and barefaced to need refutation. 
For instance, it says that 'Ihe Tatiiol is at last out 
II blast for Foote's Cora; romise,' and that Ihe 
Patriot of May 2d contained fonr articles 'in avov/. 
ed advocacy of forming terr/torial governments 
without (he Wilmotproviso.' Every reader of the 
Patriot will set these two asstflions down as totally 
false in every particular. Iittettd rf having favored 
the Compromise plan which itjtames, we havepublished 
more against it than ttmt pc^er has; and iudtead of 
that number of Ihe Patiot containing lour ar 
tides in avowed advocac/ of territorial govern- 
ments without Ihe provis), it did notconlainone.'' 
In a leader in the same name number of 
the Patriot, the editor says that he does "not 
approve of tliis mannff of settling the matter;" 
that the people of lie State " desire to have 
slavery e-\oIuded frt^ii the Territories by posi- 
tive enactment;" ai6 tliat they go for this and 
so does their meijil^/rs of Congress. 

The Patriot of'August 22, 1850, after the 
series of measure' ngw known as "the Com- 
promise" had paired Ihe Senate, but before th<- 
House had actei/on /hem, used this language: 



THE SIGNAL 



75 



New Mexico to remain 



the Compromise gave 
free territory." 

In reference to the slave trade in the Distnt-t 
of Columbia, the editor, in the same number, 
says: 

'•That it is admitted on all hands to be a dis- 
grace to the nation, ns it is most offensive and dis- 
gusting- to every northern man." 

In the Patriot of May 23, 1850, an article 
is qnoted from the Haverhill Republican, the 
Democratic orwan in the fourth Congressional 
district of New Hampshire, defending Mr. 
HiBBARD against a suspicion that he would 
"cave in" on the Wilmot proviso. The writer 
of the article, after expressing unshaken confi 
deuce in Mr. H., s.iys 

" .Mr. Ilibbard, unless he wishes to misieprcsen 
his district, will carry out his own views and thoa^ 
of his constituents, by giving the IVilmoi proviso i 
hearlif support, whenever he has it in bis power." 
The euitor of llie Patriot, in his comment 
upon the anicle, says : 

" We hav( no doubt that itspeaka the sentiment 
of the great mass of the people of this State, and 
points out correctly the course which our Democratic 
members will tike." 

Having thus brought together a multitude of 
evidences calailated lo throw light on a sub- 
ject which the Democratic organs are laboring 
to falsify, vpe tre content for the present lo 
leave the reader tn decide whether it is prepos- 
terous, inapossiblp,or even unlikely that Gen- 
eral Pierce, in hisaltempl iu January last to 
retain his influence vith the Atwood wing of 
liis party, should hav? made remarks quite 
anli-slavery in iheirtenor ns those which are 
attributed to him in ijr. Goodale'^ and Mr. 
Fogg's papers. It was^jiot for the interest of 
Mr. GooDALE and Mr. F^gg, in the condition 
of their controversy at tiit time, to represent 
General Pierce as being ai^ more anti slavery 
than he really was; and we"\.ave not a particle 
of doubt that they endeavoretUo represent him 
fairly. He is known alwa^i to have acted 
heartily with his party in NCw Hampshire, 
and we have proved incontestablythat through 
out the prolonged agitation of lari years they 
have uniformly been found on th\side of the 
Freesoilers, and against the Soutl\ General 
Pierce did but echo the sentimetis of his 
party in his own State when he lauiUied 
hitter denunciations against slavery \)d the 
Fnailive Slave law. 



pose of reporting the .speakers, and that the report 
of the speech of General Pierce, wherein he de- 
clares that lie "loathed the fugitive slave law,&c.," 
was furnished by me to the editor of the Manches- 
ter Democrat— that the same was written out by 
me on the evening after the meeting, from notes 
taken on the spot; and that the facts therein slated 
as published in .oaiil Manchester Dcmocrnl, and 
also in the Independent Democrat, are true. I dis- 
tinctly recollect that General Pierce said, among 
other things, that he had a "most revolting feeling 
at the giving up of a slave," that he "loathed the 
fugitive slave law," and that the same " was op- 
posed to humanity and moral right." 

A. T. FOSS. 



Since, the foregoing was la type,\jie 
following affidavit has been received y 
the Editor of the Republic. Other test\ 
mony will be forthcoming. Mr. Foss\ 
we understand, is a preacher of the 
tist persuasion, of excellent character and 
unimpeachable veracity. 

I, Andrew T. Foss, of ManchcRttr, in the coun 
ty of Hillsborough, and State of New Hampshire 
depose and say, that on the 2d day of .January 
1852, 1 attended a political meeting at New Bos 
ton, in said county, which was addressed by Gen- 
eral Franklin Pierce; that 1 went there for tli 



State of New Hampshire, 

Mmimack, ss. Jubj 23, 1852. pla 

Personally appeared, AndrewT. Foss,aiid mad 
solemn oath that the above affidavit by him sub- 
scribed is true, before me, 

.JACOB S. HARVEY, .7. P. 

MR. GRAHAM'S RESIGNATION. 

The following is the letter of the Hon. 
William A. Graham, tendering the re 
signation of his office as Secretary of the 
Navy, to which is subjoined the Pkesi- 
dent's reply. The country will ratify 
the encomiums which are bestovi'ed by 
the Executive on this iaithful and efficient 
public servant at his retirement ; 

Navt Department, June 28, 1852. 
Sir : Having accepted the candidacy for the S' 
cond office in the gift of the American people, 
deem it proper to relieve your Administration from 
any possible criticism or embarrassment, on my 
account, in the approaching canvass, by retiring 
froin my place at the head of the Navy Depart- 
ment. I therefore beg that you will approve ray 
resignation, which is hereby tendered. 

Be assured, Mr. President, that I take leave of 
you and my colleagues at the Council Board, with 
horn I have labored in harmony for the past two 
years, with sensations of deep regret; that I shall 
sh the liveliest interest for the fame and suc- 
cess of your Administration during the residoe of 
your term; and that 1 shall ever bear my testimony 
to the disinterested devotion, patriotism, and abili- 
ty with which you have given your faculties to the 
consolidation of the Union, and the interest, honor, 
and renown of the whole country. 

With considerations of the sincerest respect and 
esteem, I am, very iVuthfully, your obedient ser- 

WILL. A. GRAHAM. 
To Millard Fillmore, 

President of ihe United Stales. 



that your official conduct has, at all times, met my 
entire approval. 

I appreciate, most fully, the high sense of delica- 
cy and propriety on your part which induces you lo 
separate from the Administration at this time, lest 
it might be embarrassed by your connexion with it 
in the coming contest. I cannot regret the cause 
which compels you lo thi.-i act, however I may re- 
gret the act itself. It would have been gratifying 
me if the constitutional advisers with whom I 
commenced my Administration, and who have act- 
ed 30 cordially together, could have remained a 
unit in person and sentiment until its close. But 
fate and the sovereign people have ordered other- 
wise. 1 yield to the necessity of the case, and 
shall, but not without great reluctance, comply 
with your request by accepting your resignation 
as soon as 1 can find a successor to supply your 



Hopii 



that the country may appreeialo yoi 
as I have done, and reward you accori 

remain, your sincere friend, 

MILLARD FILLMORE. 
W. A. Graham, 
Secretary of the Navy. 



HERE IS A SHORT ACT WHICH MAY BE 
WORTHY OF THE NOTICE OF THE 
SOUTH. 
"An act .authorizing Edmund Brooke to remove 
to the District of Columbia two slaves, owned 
by him prior lo hi ; removal from Virginia: 
";';-■ ,,■ ,i<j:U>'. 0, . 1: ■ Edmund Brooke, of 
Gcm; ■■ , . ' I. r Columbia, be au- 

ih.i:. ..,|., , ,i, ! rcliy granted him, to 

brill- i : I 1 i'l- Si ' ..: \ I' ^iMin into the said Dis- 
trict of Columbia two riryio slaves, namely, John 
and Alfred, the property of the said Brooke, and 
10 have and to exercise the same i-ights of property 
and of ownership over the said slaves as if they 
had been brought by the said Brooke into the said 
District at the time of his removal to the said Dis- 
trict of Columbia, any law, custom, or usrjge to 
the contrary notwithstanding. This act shall be 
in force from its p.-issage." Approved June .30, 
1834. (Vide Littleit Brown's private acts, p. 600.) 
This bill came up in the House of Represci.ta- 
tives June 12ili, 1834, when Mr. Wardwcll moved 
to lay it on the table, winch tailed, yeas C9, nays 
95, Franklin Pierce re/iiii; in Hit uffinimtive, an^l 
thereupon the bill pa.^-.-cJ, y ar; II 
Franklin Pierce vulivg in Ihc nqj, 
H. Jour., 1st sess., 23d Cong., p. 74^ 



nay.s 



47, 



(Vide 



^L^.^■SlON, 
June 30, 1852. 
til unfeigned re. 
, tendering youi 
gnation as Secretary of the Navy. Our official 
urse has been so intimate and so e 
that it seems like parting with 
n family to lose you from the Council Board, 



E.XECUTI 

Washington cv 
\ Sir: I received last evening, 
\et, your letter of the 28th 



quit 



evcrv member of 
Cabineyiii share with me in this feeling. 

I oweVu many thanks for the able, faithful, and 
partial\anner in which you have administered 
your Depi\n,ent; and I take this occasion U 



iple 



lidable rival, he (Fillmore) has 
iijiiit niililary filiie whicUplncet 
, //■'. . . ' t rinoimied hirots of the 

icbhor, when you say 

'■,, ' inj^ the most renowned 

.And n.iw.liaving given to ibe 

ot unsurpassed {renf.raUbip, lie 

is countrymen that he un.ier- 

, too, by undertaking- the ad- 



ntends to sliow 
lands civil alTaii 
ninist ration of th 
rnment for them after the 4th of March next. 
\_HoHy Springs (Miss.) Gazette 



Sixth District of North C'ABOLiNA.— n c are 
plfased to announce that M. W. Ransom, eeq , has 
been chosen as the Whig candidate for ilccior in 
this district. He is a gentleman of high ssanding 
and ciiaracter, poseeesed of fine talents Rod skill as 
a debater, and we are certain he will reflect high 
honor upon the district and the Stat.i. The pro- 
cecdino-s of the convention may be found in an- 



oth olu 
W al 
th 1 I 
hole* ma 



: tl e cou 



of 
It o 
oua ga 



THAT LETTER 

The trulh is out at last. General Pierce 
did not answer Mr. R. G. Scott's letter 
reference to the Fugitive Slave law; and 
therefore exempted from the pjedo-a lo vetn 
any bill repealing or weakening the law, v.hich 
was exacted from General Cass and all oth«r 
candidates. 

There has been an unlimited amount of 
<iuibbltng; on the part of the Richmond junto 
connexion with this affdi ' ' • 

unwittingly, our 



wittingly or 
nemporaryofthe Union has 



oeen a participator in the whole of it. First 
we had a burst of grandiloquence on the sao-a- 
city that prompted Mr. Scott's interroo-atories. 
and the patriotism of those who answered them- 
then we were assured that the same interroTa- 
tones were sent to General Pierce, who hap, 
pened to be from home when they arrived: then 
it was explained that General Piekce had posi 
lively written or would positively write in reply 
and that the country should see it without de 
lay; then we were told that the replyjA'as 
snugly stowed away in Mr. Scott's pocket 
but ihat its publication was no longer necessary 
and then we were reminded that the holders ol 
the reply were the best judges of the course to 
be pursued in regard to it, and were not to be 
dragooned by Whig inquisitiveness into any 
diflerent pljin. But Whig inquisitiveness could 
not be so staved off. It returned lo the subjecl 
from day to day, and has finally succeeded in 
penetrating the rhinoceros hide of the" Demo 
eralic conscience-keepers, and in extorting the 
confession that General Pierce never answered 
Mr. Scott, and that Mr. Scott is therefore 
unable to produce General Pierce's letter. 

Mr. Scott writes to the Richmond Enquirer 
to say Ihat the party are satisfied with Gene 
ral Pierce's letter lo Colonel Lally, of Bal 
timore— read by Mr. Ritchie at the Washing 
ton Ratification Meeting— and need nothing 
else. That letter, however, does not touch 
the question whether, if elected, Mr. Pierce 
vvould interpose the veto in support of the 
Fugilive law, and consequently falls far short 
of the point which tke letter would have 
compelled him to touch. The Enquirer as- 
sured us at the outset that no man not so 
pledged could receive the support of the De- 
mocracy; and the Union cried Amen. 
■ We now desire to know, firstly, how the 
Enquirer and the Union propose to get over 
Ihat very awkward committal; secondly, how 
they design to explain their repeate'd pre- 
varication in relation to it; and thirdly, how 
the Compromise Democracy will he able to 
lelish the now admitted fact that the organs 
have been playing bo peep for six weeks pasi 
upon this very question, and ihat Genera! 



apiece of tho universal 
, ,. , 'eaieu in the English me- 

jtropohs, and their 2eal for Piehce arises from 



xl}^!:Jlt ''''"'',1' "^'^"« "'^- """""^"'h '^''I'i- ' London Leader sprina 

defea. 1? P *' P"*"^'* '" secure, hi* terventionislg now 

Ueteal Mr. Pierce is open to no such objeo- tn 

utmo.M'^ J"'^ '"Y" ''"''"^ themselves to th« a conviclion that hU election would th, 
utmost to depress American induslry, and to the 'controlling power of the 'vmerican &,ve 

wild goose scheme may have a chance which 
cannot bo had while the government of the 
liepublio is in the hands of tho Whigs. lu 
this instance, again, our citizens wilf know- 
how to appreciate the Pierce pufis. 

Democratic I'ulfy iu the Soutb. 

Southern Democracy is not perfeclly satis- 
fied with Mr. Forsvth's assertion in regard t» 
the paternity of ihe Baltimore nominaii°n. fis 



Pierce is, in fact, the British candidate for 
the Presidency. He is infinitely more so than 
Gen. Cass, Mr. Buchanan, or Judge Doug- 
las could have been; and hence the favor and 
consideration that are being showered upon 
him by the British journals. 

The cordial approval bestowed upon Mr. 
I lERCE by the London Timcji— perhaps the 
most thoroughly anti-American paper in ex- 
istence—was shown in these columns a fort- 
night ago. The last steamer brings further 
comments of the Times, written on receipt of 
intelligence of the Whig nomination, and 
proving as clearly as words can prove ihat Mr. 
Pierce, and not General Scott, is ihe man in 
whose success Britain must feel the deepest 
concern The following, from the Times of 
the 6th instant, admits of but one interpreta- 
tion: "^ 

"So far as th« general iotereelBof .he Union and 
>U re, ations wilh our; Ives are concerned, Gin. Pierce 
has our bist wishes fur his success. 

The primary quesiion for the United Stales in 
election is itie natinnal sanction and inviolable 
esUibUslmunl of tite principles of frie trade For 
though 1,0 ceuutry IS more iiitirested in the adcp' 
tiou and extension of those principles than the 
American Union, the h^ht has hilheriobeencarried 
onagrainst Ihe avowed opinions of the Exocsjiive 



Mr 



messages and I\!r. 
protec- 

• p.nhy'. 



Corwiii'a reports have co 
tiunist ooctriues worthy to r^uk -A-ith Lord G 
political economy, and Mr. G. F. Vool-.^' 
tics; and the country has only eecaii.. , il~-,, ,7 
lion of more restrictive dutu-s by lU - , " . ' 
present American Governmenthaf .1. . , , 
a majority on these questions in th. m '- . ■ p 
presentalivoe. The triumph of ihecord.Jaieol sV,^ 
Democratic party, brought forward by the men of 
the South, will secure, probably forever, the ascen- 
dency of liberal commercial principles; and if 
Lord Derby should next year be disposed lo takj 
Ihe AmerK-an tariff for his model, v/e have little 
doubt that it will serve to remove the last illusions 
o( the protective system from his mind. In this 
pect, and on this point, we lake General Pierce 
be a fair representative of the opinions of Mr. 
h, a valuable practical ally to 



ranlc and file are not disposed to join M-. Soule 
in singing the praises of one who has securrd 
the hearty advocacy of the Van Burens, who 
numbers Rantoul in his list of friends, and 
who is profiting by the services of Axwooo, 
the Gubernatorial candidate of the New Hamp- 
shire Freesuilers. This is apparent from ihe 
statement of the Columbus (Gs.) Enquirer, 
hich thus shows the working jf the S«ce»^ 
onist leaven in that region: 
•■It »eems that in this i^ood old ftate a portion ol 
the Disunioniat.'? are not exucily satisfied with th» 
feast to which the Baltimore c.oks have in>itd 
them. A public meeiing- in Ihecouniy of Pulk in 
the very heart and strongholdof old Deo:.,.,ra'c -/ 
has openly nomiualed ColoiielJifft-reon Davi': of 
Mississippi, as a canoidate lor the Prtfidenrv.ond 
the Hon. T. L. Clinsman, .f Nonh Carolina as 
his associate o. the ticket. : fi.it nieclmffalso no. 
minated Dr. Thomas Hamlton, one ol the jn..=t 
popular members of the pnfty, as a candidate f.^r 
eleclor for Ihe fifth Cong-essioiial riislrict. Thus 
Ihe spark, that the 'coheres' so indminoiisly .nt 
.t.avored to smother, is oe^innin^ to show iiseif, 
ind we predict that Ion; before the election it will 
hit will make the friends „f 



' Uamoshire htrsc-ridcr . 



ipen their eyes." 



Tile ProsiBcl In Wisconsin. 

The statement rt' leading Freesoil papers in 
Wiscon-in that th?y and their readers will sup- 
port PiEKCE asthe most effectual meUi.ni of 
warring upon He Fugitive Slave law, is inei- 
denlallyconfirMed by the following item, which 
we find in ihrpoliiical intelligence of the New 
York EBtnhtc Post : 



negotiating with all the other candidates. 



BRITISH SYMPATHY WITH PIERCE. 

The pending Presidential contest excites 
more than ordinary interest on the other side 
of the Atlantic, not because our transatlantic 
contemporaries pay particular allenlion to the 
affairs of the United States, or manifest even a 
decent acquaintance with them, but becausej 
the triumph of Whig or Democratic policy will I 

largely aiid directly affect the cmmerce and ^-Vmerican temper if their effect be'not evIciT 
don.estic industry of Britain. No attempt is| the opposite of that designed. We do not fc- 
made to conceal the motive of iliis interest, orj lieve that our people will clothe with pu-er 

candidate who comes specially endfSed 



Calhoun, and, 

the comnitrcial policy of this country^' 

The sentiment is echoed by the Manchester " ^"'""y '"""ch, a leading citizen ...f Kenosl u 

PiERCK is not' sfior ,11 ;„ ; " -f""a] Exumiuer, ihe oTgun u{ ihe. leading spirits of , """"'?■ '""'"'^ '" ^ '^''''*'^"''''= <^°""n'"^e that the 

brthrnM.o which u^'L'^^^^^^ '''='""''' Anti-Corn-Law LeagV whid "°"'"'='""' °^ ^'""'' '"" '''"- '^ ""animously 

by the pledge w hich u as deemed indispensable says: " ' I responder to in that county, which went for Van 

! "The election ol General Pierce will at anv ... ' ^'"'"' '" '*^^' ■,"' """ ' '^^ '""" ^°''y "^ "■« 
prove th.t the Democratic majority, wha,evc^ °*'" ''''"^^^''''™'''' ''"'' "°'"'"''''°''-' ^ 

may be their other differences, are unanimous in I O" ^^''^^so'l Democratic paper there is in 
thur testimony on behalf of a hberal commercial ! Wisonsin— the Kenosha 'i'cfc.'-n(u/»— which 
polK-y.andany Government Ac may form will he i r-lins to H.r r -.nJ -, „:„ .<'^ ", .. 

one on which this country may rely /'m- ./;>l,„;l *tl i-^ % = ^^ l"IS Information 

co-op.ralion in reducing-" whSreve^r pracVicahie h* pulUlcal prospect m that quarter, 

existing impediments to international inte/j '"■«■« ""'licet right, ihe vote for Cass in this 
"""'f- j.ty was a trifle over a hundred. Of this Dumber, 

1 liese explicit avowals will not be without '™'' ""'"'''i''^ ^ere natur.-ilizsd citizen^ ond now 
,.co ,„ ,i„„ country, but we misapprehend thr ""= ="« infoi-mcd, on reliable authority, that this 
whole phalanx, almost to , 



to disguise the grounds on which British s' 
pathy is so strongly expressed in behalf of Mr 
Pierce. It is seen that the eleclion involves 
amongst other things, the question of encour- 
agement to iVmerican or British labor; and, in- 
asmuch as General Scott represents the prin- 



by British journalists as most favorab- 
British interests. We want an America -Pfe 
siilent to protect American interests—"' one 
who is known beforehand as the fr'"d and 
ally of foreign capitalists and manufai" 



ciple of protection to American skill, enter- The prais^es bestowed on Mr. Pie'i^^S by the 



"Ifthe state of afld 
respond wilh their condition here, the position of 
the two great parties in •ASioill be just about revers.d 
at this election.** 

The naturalized citizens everywhere ars 
turning from the devices of a sham Democracy 
and Will cast a large vote fir Scott as ihe 
representative of principles most favorable u. 
their interests. 



THE SIGNAL 



77 



SPEECH OF THE HON. JOHN C. 
SPENCER. 

On taking the chair of the Whig Ratifieaiion 
Mining at Albany, N. y.,on the 16ih instant, 
the Hon. JuKN C. Spencer made the fuUuw 
iiig powerful and eluquent speech on the civil 
quahficauuiis of Gen. Scott and his eminent 
tiiness and ability to discharge the duties per- 
taining to the office of Presidant of the United 
Slates. 

Mr. Spencer said: 

;iti- 



your <avor, fellow 
111 many thanks for the 
ave coiif'-rred 

! from the 



Such 



3 I have bet-ii for stveral yeare from the ^^„ officer 
esof pohlical strife, I should not hav> uleody v'-ars, 
, ihia ineeiin?, hid not a sense of duty | General S' oi 



I do 



I occupy the post 
zrns, has assigned 
dislinguished honor you 

Retired 
active scenes 
appeal 

to the distinguished man whose 
Pnsidei.c? you have met lo ratily, constrained me 
to accept the opportunely, thus presented, ol doins 
jusiice lo his chHrartT in a particular that has not 

or his onsurpasaed military exploits I have no 
thins; Ij say. The world is full ot his renown; his 
only competitur in ihat tield.tbe Duke of VV'elliBg 
lun, has tut anticipated Ihc judguieni of hisiory. 
falue to theroun- 
m, and I wish to 
another subject 
miliary men are 
nplojments, and 
■ institutions in elevating 
: Ife has heen 
...ployed in gfving- command, eulorcing- disci 
p me, and nniolaining obedieoce. Although it 
foiaht be an ntoppel, as it is termed, to these who 
make this ol.jetiion.io remind thoni of their sup- 
poit ot General .\n>irew .lackson— the success wuh 
whu h, as ihey irmniain, he administered theGov- 
meni for eight yevre, and 
Ute candidate, (leueral 
Bent candidaie, tVneral Pierce, both of whom 
Were distincvly priecnted as having g-reat null 
tviry reputation — ye\ as closing the mouth of ai 
adversary is not nccoisarily conclusive to others o 
lo ourselves, I prtposi to exannne this point mor 
at large. , . ., , 

The fitness of a militiry man for civil employ 
mcnts depends upon wo circumstances 



The ( 
land his 



nderraie i 

>thtr6 will iptafc of the 

J snare of your time to 

meet the olj.ction ihat i 

niicd \or the hifihest civ" - 

t there iadanger 

he. Chief Magistracy f 






1 remind thi i 



n thought, but of a fact of the greatest 
the, CBlimatiou of his civil character: 
iLDiEa who has ever made the law of tho 
uprein". rule of action, and who, while 
ways lulfilled its utmost requirements, 
hos never, in a single instance, transcended its 
limits." 

Fellowcillzena, can loftier praise he bestowed 
on a military chielt^in, who, with hosts at his 
command ready to obey his slightest order, never, 
no never, transcended the limits of the law > Of 
whom else can this be said with truth .' Ctn the 
military habits of such a man alarm y.iu with ap- 
prehensions that he will forget that which he al. 
ways reverenced.-* 
it»ry life in this country, which has been blessed But I may not dwell on this. In the midst of 
ith peace for at least sixty five of the nearly sev- these extraordinary labors, he was summoned 
nty years (hat have passed since oui independ- again by Mr. Van Buren to the Cheiiokee coun- 
hieved, is not like that of the Euio- try U> effect the removal of that unfortunate peo- 
who has spent his life in long and ole across the Mississippi. This, probably, was 
or secloded in garrisons and forts, tho severest trial of his hie. But he was bound to 
probably more than any other of obey the order of his Government, and he doubt- 
our great generals, has, from the nature of his em- [less felt that he could do it. in mercy. A great and 
ploy inent, maintained for the greater part 
life, an extended and various intercourse w 
f.-lIow citizens in every part ol our Republic; anc 
trades, buainessi and professions 



the s'ufSsrings of hie fellow-men, and a readiness i we a 
and ability to relieve them, equalled only by the j weig 
affection ol a brother. 

No, fellow-citizens, the hardships and habits of 
military life, instead ol indurating his heart, have 
but touched him wiih a feeling ol the infirmities 
ot our race, and have taught him the great duty 
man in imitating the exaii'pleollr" ' •- "■ 
a man will bring into the administration ot tho 
Government neither reserve, pride, arrogance, or 
stubbornness. 

The second circumstance which determines the 
qualifications of a military man for civil einplo/- 
inent, is whether he has already acquired the learii- 
ing, experience, anr 



with men of al 
he has been in 
ness and republica 
with men is the re 
ance with their ha 
him of his unifor 
pinge, and a slranger 



iplii 



the I 



his 1 



p;oy.nenti 



first, 
od and Icclings ; 
.ry habits have 
pered by, social 
id various ioter- 
id by public em- 
, learning, and 
have obliterated 
features of the 



mingled with, ^d U 

duiies, by exteidcd 

.th his fellow-citiz^s, 

liring Ibe tJci 

all the stern and repugni,: 
soldier. 

As lo the first, is there a man^ho his ever seen 
Genei-al Scott who has not rfi.kcd the legible 
handwriting of a beneficent Ci^tor in his i.oble 
person and countenance, boamn.gjj-nh philanthro- 
py and inOivKlual kindness!' WhCever heaidfrom 
Lim a rude remark ol personal off>\ce, or even in 
bis anger, an epithet uobecuming\ gentleman? 
His way and maiiue » are so gnule Via kind as to 
be almost leuiinine; and 1 have heai( (ureigners 

"^n'rof blood and i arnage, sbtiuld bi^g simple, 
BBnaturaUnndasaff.-ctiunateasachilo Blueher 
and tiaynau would probably disown hitTyg a sol 
dier of their mould. A 

And \vho dots not know how this genlhVssand 
.vmpathv with his race have been cxtnbiU con- 
stantly, daily, h'.urly by General Scolt ^^ ;„ 
the held, in the camp, on the o.arch, or tu,ar- 
racks.' The sick, ibe uio.ibled, the wountieCj,,, 
dying, amongthe i" ;' ',-■!-■= r-n-rf.nr-.-^- . ,. 
ever the peculiar ■; , ' ■' ' 

There is not a han.i . ■' ' 

living witnesses oi ... r,;., i : ,,... .„ ,, 
neises who have rc^-L;vi'-i ■»:•-■'';"'''',"" '"'I 
of their dead falherf. and h.-ntheis. '»!■ "'i i"- I 
alluding to a pereonal mstsnce^, wheri Y'',',"^ 
brother in 18U, who had been shot in the ba'tle 
'Magara, an<l who w.is dying 



munion. I'he frank- 
ly of his intercourse 
s extended acquainl- 
i, views, and feelings. Strip 
and all other military trap- 
ould scarcely suspect him 
soldier. "He is not a citizen of the world, 
but he is emphulically a citizen of the whole Kc- 
pubiic. He has resided in every quarter of it, has 
cultivated the intercourse of families and of do- 
mestic life; so that wherever he has lived, he is 08 
much, or more, loved as a neighbor than admired 
as a soldier. 

No military man in this country has heen called 
so often to the discharge of civil duties of the 
greatest difficulty and delicacy, and of the utmost 
importance, and indeed few civilians have encoun- 
tered BO many perplexing and sometimes repug- 
nant occasions of public service. 

Justice to him, and duty to a reflecting commu 
nity anxious to cast their votes worthily, demands 
a brief synopsis of some of these services. 

Ill the year 1815, after the termination of a war 
hich placed him at the very pinnacle of glory, 
J went to Europe and was employed there by 
President Madison to ascertain the views of Great 
Britain respecting the Island of Cuba, in relation 
lo which there were some suspicious indications, 
and also to fathom the designs of the European 
courts respecting the revolutions in South Ame- 
rica—a subject ol great interest to our Government 
and our citizens, who were apprehensive of the 
establishment of monarchies in our neighhoihood. 
The ability with which he performed these delicate 
duties was attested by a particular letter of thanks 
written to him by the then Secretary of State, Mr. 
Monroe, by the special directions of Pr -= ' — ' 
Madison. In 1832 he was coni 



and 



by General Jackson to repair to South Car, 
which openly threatened lorrible resistanci 
nullificaiii n of the laws, and there maintain the 
ulhority of the Government, and secure order 
nrt neace. and the protection of the public forts 



is j semi-savage people were removed from the 
h bis I of their fathers and the hearthstones of their 
homes w ithout one drop of blood being shed. The 
irable self command, prudence, forbearance, 
and tact of General Scott, achieved that which the 
bayonet would have failed to accomplish without 
the destruction of one- half the Cherokee race. 

In the next year, we find him again under the 
order of Mr. Van Buren, on the northeastern 
frontier, pacifying the disturbances respecting 
the boundary, and arresting the hostilities, for 
which adverse troops were actually encamped, 
burning with mutual hatred and revenge Again, 
by the diplomatic talents of this general, was the 
country saved from war. 

The last opportunity for the exhibition of his 
qualities as a statesman, was presented after his » 
conquest ol Mexico. In the midst of a hostile pop- 
ulation and the most frightful disorders, he organ- 
ized a civil administration that gave peace and 
protection to the inhabitants and restored order 
and responsibility. He devised and established a 
system of finance, through military contributions 
and expenditures, which saved millions to tho 
country. The last act ol this description was his 
plan — so characteristic of his great soul — of a mili- 
tary Asylum lor the disabled and worn-out soldiers 
ftionoed by the proceeds of their own conquests, 
which he insisted belonged to them. 

And now, fellow-citizens, you have before you 
some of the evidences of General Scott's capacity 
for civil governnienl. There are others, which 
from their nature cannot be public. As com- 
manding the army, or divisions of it, and much 
at the seat of Government, hewasnecessarily often 
consulted by the Presidents and their Cabinets. 
They thus became thoroughly acquainted with his 
energy, his sagacity, and his prudence. Madison, 
Monroe, Jackson, Van Buren, and Polk, have 
given testimony which may not bo questioned 
without impeaching them, ot their estimation of 
■fidl-'iTtiany eiTip"lJyed ! hia qualities, by the employmenls which I have 



and peace, and the protection 
and properly. Many of us remember the ». -....- 
iog indications of that period. We were on the 
verae of a civil war. The great presence of mind, 
coolness, forbearance and tact of General Scott 
averted ihe dire calamity. Among an infuriated 
people he mingled, and by acts of kindness and 
words of peace and patriotism, he accomplished 
what the sword could not. 

In 1838 our own frontier was in arms against a 
neiehboring province, and there existed aphrenzy 
toa? threatened to bring on a war with England. 
r. ij.ral Scott was despatched by President Van 
;: I, n to the theatre of disorder, not so much to 
. II It by force, for he had no army with him; 
'.I I to subdue it by his wisdom, his eloquence, and 
I, .. fSrmnPBa. These evenU are so recent, that it 



The success which ha 
civil labors, affords stil 
great ability. Afier tbii 



crraaion still mure trying, swells my heart with 
emotions that would break it, if they could not find 
utterance, when speaking of the constitutij^n ol 
that man's nature. Who has not heard ot hi> nn- 
jostifiible expofureol his own life amongthe troops 
when ihB chohra swept them off thereby hundreds 
in Ihe Black H.wk war? Ask those who served 
nnder biro in the pestilential chmate of Mexico, 
wbetbsr he ha* a, he»rt open at raeltinjr chanty tq 



ily ne 



cnsburg. 



ecolle 



ejsary to recall you 

rsal applause bestowed, without distinctior 

ty, upon the successful pacificator. Day anc 

he traversed lb rough the most intense cold 

ipathy and the j ift |-,y^,y regiona of the North, from Detroit tt 

that, and on onolher] O^nsburc. and harangued tha misguided pei 



they abandoned their project 
es he visited our own city, and at a sup- 
n him by members of the Legislature and 
,inost distinguished citizens, the following 
toast wy^jyj,, n,i;j rapturously drank. As he was 
nottbeiTj.an^itlnte (or any office, it may he sup- 
posed thiijje truth was spoken and acknowledged 
by the mtvjf all parties thsre assembled, and 1 
beg leave t^uote it, not pnly aa evidenee of what 



ivariably attended all his 
tronger testimony to bis 
it looks like hoUling up 
farthing candle to illuminate a subject all glori- 
ous with light, to add any individual evidence. 
But trivial as is the authority, it may be satisfao- 
tory to some who know me to hear the results of 
my own personal observations during a period of 
great official intimacy. I am ashamed to put my 
endorsement on General Scott's paper, but I cer- 
tainly will not dishonor it. A more scrupulously 
honest, honorable, and just man, never came in 
contact with me. The instances and proofs were 
constant, of daily and hourly occurrence- Per- 
sonal enemies he had, although few; yet never in 
his administration of the affairs of the army could 
the slightest indication of the influence ot enmity 
or of favoritism be discovered in his official con- 
duct. To the contrary, instances have lallen un- 
der my own observation where prelerence waa 
of the 1 given loan officer known to be inimical over one 
equally known as his most devoted friend. 

iMatters of the gravest importance, necessarily, 
became often the subjects ol consideration and dis- 
cussion. On eucn occasions I have been struck by 
the ournpreheneiveneBB and justness of his views; 
with what fidelity he planted himself as it were on 
an eminence and calmly surveyed the whole hori- 
zon before him, discerning the least indication of 
a cloud, and watching the counter-currents and 
eatimatiug their direction and force with a sagaci- 
ty which could be acquired only by a long expe- 
rience in public affairs and a knowledge of our 
own aa well as Eurooean oolltios, derived from 
profound study 



Dui 



18 



THE SIGNAL. 



, fcilou 



ake it 



, !3 my 
lur what iti3 worin. i rejoice in tne opportunity 
ot offering: it, as the diecbarge of a duty. It is u\ 
least disi.itcreatcd. My political life is ended. I 
niillierwiah or expect cv;r to hold any office to 
wliich any pecuniary rompengalion is attached. 

Still, my friends, however qualified, patriotic, 
and deserving our candidates may be — whatever 
the debt of gratitude we owe them — it is impossi- 
ble for national parties to be organized and main- 
tained merely for the support of individuals They 
must be based on principles common (o all who 
belong to Ihe parly, and must have in view the 
good of the whole country. Otherwise, they bo- 
cume lactions of the most dangerous character. 
Aware of this truth, the two great political parlies 
ol Ibi^ country have recently, by their respective 
riinvcntions, promulgated the sentiments of each. 
On two points of great interest they have directly 
taken issue. 

One of them is thus prcsenleil by the Democratic 
Convention: 

••Resolved, That the Constitution does not confer 
upon the General Governmeiit the power to com- 
mence and carry on a general system of internal 
improvements.*' 

Mark the vagueness if not the duplicity of this 
rcfoli.tijn. The convention did not dare, in the 
fi' Ml] 1 : ; , y of the Govcriiinent under aH ad 
1 I llcrson'e, Madisun^s, and Jack- 

<l! others — to deny the power of 
t. V. i;,,.; L,i to carry on some internal im. 
p/u' L....-i;i; , And it did not dare to provoke the 
wrath ot tli:- people at a sweeping declaration 
against all eucb works. A middle course was 
adopted, denying the authority ol the General Go- 
vernment to carry on a gencmi s^8i(7)i of internal 
improvements, as il the Constitution permitted 
Boine, as might be dictated by caprice or favorit- 
ism, but prohibited the regulation and exercise of 
this important power by general principles of equal 
and common benefit to the whole country. 

Every other fcubject of legislation is, or is sup- 
posed to be, governed by a general system; the 
imposition ol duties, appropriations for public ser- 
vices, the establishment of post offices and post 
roads, coasting licenses, intercourse with foreign 
nations and with Indian tribes, pensions: these 
and every other instance of legislation by^ur own, 
or any other government ~ 

general system — goverrie 
Is it not a subversion of all theory of ^i 
to maintain thatinternal impruveincniaonly are to 
be made without reference to a general system? 

The declaration of the Whig Convention on this 
subject is as lollows: 

, b. "TheConstitution vests in Congress the power 
to open and repair harbors, aiTd remove obstruc- 
tions from navigable rivers; and it isexpcdient that 
Congress shall exercise that power whenever such 
improvements are necessary for the common defence, 
or for the protection and facilihj of commerce with 
foreign nations or among the States; euch improve- 
ments being, in every instance, national and gen 
eral in their character." 

Daily wiiuessee of the obstructions of our noble 
river, which impede the commeicc of some dozen 
States, how can any man among us sanction the 
evasive, Jesuitical declaration ot the one conven- 
tion, or lail heartily to applaud the open, manly,, 
explicit, and conetilutional argument of the other.' 

As if, however, to give distinctness and mean 
ing to their resolution, the Democratic Convention 
have nominated for the Presidency a gentleman 
who, during his service in Coiigiess, was distin- 
guished more for his inveterate hostility to all ap- 
propriations for the improvement of harbors and 
rivers, than for any other politual act. Even the 
limited appropriations which tie majority of Dem 
ocratic Congresses voted, and v.hirh Gen. Jackson 
sanctioned, were opposed h- C ji Pi r- Is il 
notamazing, that a candu! - v ih ,.,,,, g.nii- 
uients, who would be bouini . r\ i i .ms of 

duty to veto every bill ol i . .i . , ij.iuld 

be presented for the sufTrast- M ili lu. n .'. Iju, so 
recently 
represei 



pnnclpli-s 



the exe 



On the subject of the protection of our own in- 
dustry againat the power of foreign capital, the 
two conventions are also at i.ssue. The Democratic 
resolution assumes what all fact and all his- 
tory disprove, that such protection fosters one 
branch of industry at the expense of another, and 
cherishes the interests of one portion of the coun- 
try to the injury of another. It is notorious that in 
our widespread country, with climates varying 
so as to be adapted to all the varieties of human 
production, the interchange of these products is 
calculated to promote the interest of all. And it is 
equally known that no country can flourish with 
out a variety of industrial pursuits; that agricul- 
ture is connected with, and dependent on, manu- 
factures, and commerce upon both. But this is 
not the occasion to discuss these matters. Suffice 
it to say that the Whig resolution presents the 
American doctrine, while the other is an humble 
imitation of the English modern theory. 

Such arc some of the issues which you are called 
on to decide, for they Sre decided by the election 
of your officers nf government. 

The Whig platform presents you the whole 
ground on which we claim to be the party of na- 
tional freedom, of progress, of security, and of 
prosperity. Whatever of iniiividual preferences 
or wishes we have heretofore indulged, the lime 
for their further indulgence has passed. It is to 
the glory of our country and the honor of our 
party that there were so miny distinguished citi- 
zens among whom a choice might be worthily 
made; and we may honestly exult that the ecIcc- 
tion of a standard-bearer by our delegates was the 
result of free and independent judgment, and not 
of a slern necessity to avoid dissension and open 
rupture. 

We have now no alternatives but to abandon in 
gloriously the exercise ol the birthrights of freemen , 
or to vote for a sound friend and supporter of the Con- 
stitution, whoso whole life lias been devoted to his 
count rya.-^T ■.vh.Mc. railirrt^-n p toMiiy p-irlicular eec- 

tio:i." - ■' '-■ ■ ' -I .!; r-M. .(.! riiirelyaccord 

Willi i; , ' - ■ .Mils parly, 

ror I I . :.i .: 1 I , i; . . ': ly i cgard lor 

asinyl. , 1... 1, I .'I i:. \\ 'r^ : .riy , iiti be found 
to cast his vole l.n- a cindidale who personifies the 
very antipodes of every thing Whig. 

From the Frankfort i^Ku) Commonwealth. 
WhigRalilicaUou in Frankfort, Kentucky. 

At a very large meeting of the Whigs of Frank- 
fort and Franklin county, convened at the court- 
house, in Frankfort, on the evening of Ihe 6th 
July, lSo2, being the anniversary of the battle of 
Chippewa, for the purpose of ratifying the nomina- 
tions of General WiNFiELD Scott and William A. 
Gbaham, aslhe Whig candidates for the Presi- 
dency and Vice Presidency of the United Stales: 

On motion of J C. Herndon, esq., the Hon 
Charles S. Moeehead was called to thechair,and 
L. HoBD appointed secretary. 

The objeclof the meeting having been briefly ex 
plained by the chairman, Orlando Brown, esq, one 
of the delegates from Kentucky to the Whig Na- 
tional Convention at Baltimore, in obedience to the 
general desire of the meeting, took the stand, and 
gave an interesting account of the proceedings of 
Ihc convention, which resulted in the nomination 
of General Winfield Scolt, (vs the Whig candidate 
for the Presidency. 

Miijor William K. Wall, of Harrison county, 
casually (ireecnt, and being called upon, in a few 
remarks assured the meeting that the nominations 
of Scolt and Graham were, so far as he knew, 
ly acceptable to the Whigs of ilai 



the patriot soldier v 
voted to the service 
has flowed freely 
honor of that count 
liant achievements. 



the Conslitu 



hose entire, life has been do- 
of his country — whose blood 
in defending the rights and 
■y— who, in a series of bril- 
unsurpassed in the annals 
of warfare, commencing at Queenslown and 
closing at Ihe city of Mexico, gloriously upheld 
the American flag and shed imperishable renown 
upon the American name. We recognise in him 
the able and discreet negotiator, who, whenever 
opportunity offered, has shown iiiioselfas compe- 
tent to preserve peace as to defend his country in 
war; and we regard him as eminently qualified, as 
belonging enpecially to no section of the Union, 
but capable of appreciating the wants, and anxious 
to promote the prosperity of our whole country— 
steadfastly guarding the constitutional rights of 
every portion of it. Who, believing that he would 
••neither countenance nor tolerate auy sediti'in, dis- 
order, faction, or resistance to the law or the Union, 
on any pretext, in any part of the land," we recom- 
mend him to the support ot the people, and hereby 
pledge our utmost exertions to secure his triumph- 
ant election. 

3. That the nomination of William A. Graham 
for Vice. President meets also our unqualified and 
emphatic approval. A distinguished son of the 
South, a faithlul patriot and Whig, 
eloquent champion of the Unio 
tion, we pledge to him a hearty ana jnueo sup- 

4, That the Administration of Piesident Fill- 
more is justly entitled to the approbation and ap- 
plause of his country. His firmne.is, dignity, and 
justice in his foreign policy has elevated American 

to the Constitution, his pure and [alriotic admin- 
istration at home, has disarmed bciion of its vio- 
lence, and secured the permancice and prosperity 
of the Union. 

C. S. MOREIEAD, Chairman. 
L. HoHD, Secretary. 



We publish above the offioal proceedings of the 
Whig ratification mectingat the court house, on 
the evening of the 5th iist. The meeting was 
large, the court-room beiig entirely filled. The 
resolutions, adopted as th«y were with entire unan- 
imity, by so large a mening of the Whigs ol this 
county and city, spak tor themselves, and 
will sufficiently indic-te to our Whig brethren 
throughout the State tie spirit in which the nom- 
inations of Scott and »rahara arc received by the 
Whigs of Franklin. 

We cannot hope, lowevcr, to be able to portray 
to others the zeal, he determination, and the en- 
thusiasm so freeh elicited by the powerful and 
eloduent address r Mr. Morehead, or the intense 
interest excited a the audieuceby the truly gra- 
phic descripiio' ot the proceedings of the recent 
Baltimore Contention by Col. Brown. 

We have oil" heard in limes past, and always 
with pleasure 'he voice of our fellow -townsman 
Mr. Morchca . when rallying the Whigs of our 
county for t« contest; but we are sure we have 
never heardhim on any occasion with more plea- 
sure than n Monday evening last. His address 
on that ocasion was one of his ha] 
and was uceived with great i 



appiest efforts 
by the au 



gon 



as a duty imperative 
quired by that instrument.' 'Ihe citizens whose 
annual losses by the want ol harbois arc counted 
by millions, and the families who have been be- 
reaved of fathers and brothers by the same cause, 
together with the multitude of ir^.l.-r-, mer. hHut-.. 

forwarders, and producers. ^' In ii-i ..],-.) i 

pered and Embarrassed by il" n i i i . ,; 

cast their votes at Ihe ensuiii;; . . . i , . i. u iiu i . ., r- 
en^e to the certainty that Ih-i exi-,iirig evil., of | 
which they complain will be continued by Gen- 
fTRl Pierce, | 



county. 

After which, the chairman, upon the call of ii 
meeting, delivered an address in support of t'^ 
nominations of Scott and G.aham. 

At the conclusion of theaddre^s of the chairrf". 
Thomas D. Tilford. esq., offered the followin,'-es- 
olutions, which being read were unaniir'^^'y 
adopted: 

Resolved, I. That in the declaration of pr"ples 
and policy recenlly made by the Whig ational 
Convention, we recognise the time-hono ^ prin- 
ciples and policy ol the Whigs of Ji'taciy— 
,>,i,„-.;,|...- :,,.,i p,.|i,^v will, I. Lave been-'"^ «»'«:- 

'. ' '- < ■ ■ :'f -'^.li. I --■-.? of ou-""""'? as 

I'. ■ ■ i : ; , I , , , ii.nen *"" 'hat in 

.,: I ben '••«'? recog- 

1.:- w , ,, |,: .- , 1,1 1, - ,,1 ,hofP"".Clplf9. ■ 

•1. That w.j coi,lially approve tt- rumination of 
General Winticld Scott as the Wt' candidate for 
President of the United States; r"ffn'8ingin him 



many of our Whig friends may have 

= r ,. eeting on Monday evening with some 

feelin of disappointment as to the result of the 
deli I- rations ot the convention at Baltimore, yet 
we 'ink we cannot be mistaken in the opinion 
tha none of them, no not one, but felt within him- 
se before he left the meeting the old Whig spirit 
oce more aroused, animating him again to battle 
jd to victory. 

The same results will follow elsewhere in Ken- 
itucky, whenever and wherever the issues present- 
ed by the platform of principles of Ihe two parties 
are discussed before the people. And when the 
claims of the tu-o candidates for the highest office 
in their gift shall have been deliberately consid- 
ered by the American people, can it be a matter of 
doubt as to the decision they shall render in No- 
vember next.' 

General Scott, Ihe candidate of the Whigs, has 
been in the continued servi, ,i h: ,,,i .i,vlrom 
his youth to his present uM . : ,' ., [y his 

brilliant achievements in 111 i. , • ,iu,' to 

the military deeds of our ,,, , ,i . i I live 

through future ages. The I, > ilunt 

deeds of our people, fn)in i , J n, the 

close of the recent Mexican \. . , , , ly of 

peace of Guadalupe Hidalgo ; 

We will not undertake tu I,, i. ',.:,, -a ,,f 

the candidate of our opponents. Geiur:,! Picrcr, m 
either the civil or military departments of ihc Gov- 
ernment. We cheerfully leave that task to them. 



THE SIGNAL 



From the Nashville Banner, July 17. 
WUig Ratification at Dover, Tciiile! 

Al a meeting ot the Whiga of Sicwart c 



ippoi 



I of this district. 
GENTRY, Cliairmaii. 

Caldwell, Secretary. 



1 Whereas, T. A. R. Nelson, who 
g^_ ; an elector for the Slate at large by the State (Jon- 
' ' veiition having declined the station; -ind v/hereas, 
-■"'y' I the Central Gommiltee at Nashville, which is vested 
held in the town of Dover, on Monday, the I2th of with the power to fill the vacancy, request the 
July, 1S52, organized by placing Col. J. F. Ges- suggestions of the various counties aa to a suitable 
.avin the Chair, a.d appointing «■ C.lowell perso^njor^th^e^a^p^ 

secretary, the following resolutions were read, Bub- l, Caruthers, of Lebanon, be appointed to fill the 
mitted, and unanjfnously adopted, viz: vacancy, or the Hon. Milton Brown or John Neth- 

Jlesolved, That the series of resolutions adopted erland , r u- 

by the National Whig Convention which recently iJcsoiutd, That the proceedings ot Ih" ""—"•"- 
assembled at Baltimore, embracing, as that series tion be published in the papei 
does, the great cardinal principles of the Whig . ^ ^^ 

party of the Unitcd^tates, meets with our hearty 

and entire approbation; and that we will, to the I 

utmost of our ability, aid and assist in their propa- ! The United Democracy. 

gation and success, believing them to be such prin- We would call the attention of the Union 

r.iples asare °f «^.^»'y '» P™'?Jf = 'hf/^^^'"'"""^^ to what its triend and associate, 

and advance the interest of the whole country, i , _r r . „ • o * ,c M„,„ v„,l- 

especially the emphatic and unresistable endorse- the Democratic Evening I'ost ot iNew York, 

ment of the Compromise measures of the 31st Con- says of the paragraphs we published a day 

gress, by means of which endorsement an end has uj (wo since from two New Hampshire 

been put, so far as the Whig party both North and ri„,i,„.,.„(,. 

South is concerned, to the agitation of the slavery -""="" '-'""'• 

question, which has so imminently threatened the 

exisience of the Union 

Resolved, That General Wikfield Scott, the 
mighty warrior and the distinguished civilian, and 
William A. Gbaham, the ex-Secretary of the 
.Navy, both of whom have rendered distinguished 
services to their country, especially the former, 
and who have been nominated by said convention, 
having accepted the nomination and placed them- 
selves on said national platform in a manner which 
admits of no doubt of their cheerful and united 
support of the entire series of measures therein 



i.., 



"The Washington Republic thinks to create an 
unfavorable impression against General Pierce, in 
the Southern States, by publishing the following 
extract from a New Hampshire paper— the Inde- 
pendent Democrat. If be has uttered any auch lan- 
guage as is here ascribed to him, we have only to 
remark that it does him great honor. K furthe 
testimony of the same kind, in regard to the opin- 
ions of General Pierce, is in posaes.sion of the 
Washington Republic, we invjle that journal to 
produce it without delay." 

We are glad that the Post is pleased with 
Genera' " 



Prom the Louisville Journal. 
A Weak, Vain Man."— These are the terms 
which the more malignant and unscrupulous of 
the Democratic presses apply to General Scott. 
There is not a man living to whom the word 
"weak" would be less applicable. He has been in 
a greater number of important, critical and des- 
perate situations than any other man of the age, 
and in not one of those situations has he ever ex- 
hibited any thing like weakness or indecision. 
On the contrary, the most romarkablo prompti- 
tude, decision, and energy h:ive been his charac- 
teristics in every crisis, and they have been among 
the great secrets of his extraordinary and uniform 



the last war wit 
those of any othc 
irnpared with whn 



Great Brit 

officer, thn 
he himsell 



I the sentiments ( 



Pierce. We have 



entatives of the Whig party 
of the Union, are entitled to, and shall have, our 
cordial and enthusiastic support for the respective 

offices for which they are the nominees, and that , , , . , • ■ .• u .i i k„„ 

under their banner we feel no fear of the result, ! done him, we hope, no injustice by the publica- 
but confidently expect a glorious and overwhelm- tion ; and we promise the Post to give Us can- 
ing victory at the ballot-box in November, despite Ljidate the benefit of all such testimony in his 
of the sla.^ders heaped upon General Scott by the l^,^^^^^ ^^ j^jg friends will send us. 
"XX!rTlff.tZ':dT.\L'o"lTirPresident! We presume that the sentiments which 
of ii„> I :.i'.<i ? i, ,n.),i n.. .'i-h ! •-. intircad- 1 plcase the Post so much are equally acceptable 
mu;! 1 ■ • I' >ernment ! i,j Mr. SoULE, Mr, FoRSYTH, and those who 



ith them ; and who claim that 
1 PiERCii IS "their creation and choice. 



(jreneral 



wcllarcoiiOe uhulc penplu ui ili^a Confederacy, 

deserves our gratitude and esteem for the masterly 

manner in which he has guided the ship of State 

through the perils of the great commotion through 

which we have passed; and that wc regard the 

,)^U of his admmislration as the full guarantee ol ' ^ur banner, with the names of Scott and G 

itie promises of the Whigs of 1848, and an irre- j ^^jj inscribed thereon as candidales f >r the P 

Iragable demonstration of the falsity of the charge jjcncy and Vice Presidency of the United State 

of abolitionism so pertinaciously and extensively i ]„ (joing so, it is useless to say that '~'-- 



The following article irom the Eufaula (Ala.) 
Shield is in the right spirit: 
Ooa Flag.— We unfurl to the breeze this 



and thoroughly appreciated not only his une- 
qualled military skill and judgment but his va.st 
general information and his thorough statesman- 
ship, tendered to. him, soon after the treaty of 
peace, a place in his Cabinet — that of Secrctnry of 
War. General Scott.we presume, was tne youngest 
wan to whom a Cabinet appointment was ever tm- 
dered in this country, being less Hum thtrly years of 
age. Mr. Madison was one of the purest ol Presi- 
dents and an excellent judge of men, and his 
proffer of the Secretaryship of War to young Scott, 
to the omission of General Brown, General Ma- 
comb, General Jackson, General Gaines, and 
others, who were many years his seniors in age 
in service, was an honor more to be prized 
that of winning a great battle. General 
Scott declined the proffered Secretaryship from 
considerations of deference to his superiors; and 
surely here was no manifestation of the vanity 
with which he is charged. 

The offer of a place in Mr. Madison's Cabinet to 
Gen. Scott when he was only twenty-odd years of 
age is matter of history. And now let the Demo- 
crats, who profess such unbounded admiration and 
reverence for Blr. Madison, claiming him as one 
ot the apostles of their political creed, assert, if 
they will, that he pressed a Cabinet appointment 
opon "a weak, vain man." Gen Scott, during 
the nearly forty years that have elapsed since that 
time, has improved and strengthend his mind by 
observation, experience, study, and reflection, and 
he bas rendered numberless illustrious services to 
his country, in comparison with which all his pre 
vious services, brilliant as the nation deemed them 
ot the time, were but trifling; and will the people 
of the United States now submit to see and hear 
him branded as "a weak, vain man," by a set of 
desperate politicians, without efToctually vindicat- 
in.g him before the world? 



against him by our Democratic opponei 
and with pride and exultation wepoint the Ameri- 
can people to his ad minisi ration as the brightest 
and most illustrious since the days of Washington, 

[Adopted sanding.] 

Resolved, That the wail of the nation at tbi 
annunciation of the death of Henry Clay strikes t 
sympathetic chord in our hearts which vibrates tc 
each note of sorrow in responsive unison as tht 
dirgoof the great statesman, the unrivalled orator 
the skilful debater, and the nation's hope and sa 
viour in times th.it stretched to their tension the i 
ligaments that hind this Union— whose career, | 
onparollelcd in history, shines out upon the annals 
of the past a belt of light vivifyinsr and illuminat- 
ing by its brilliant rays the remotest regions of our 
continent, shooting f.ir out into the darkness and 
-^Inoro '>t d >itoii,= ni iitid iiiunarchy wherever found, 
u„.:i..: ,: ,.'- : l,,vin^- troth as their 

(,;i,i ,-, and happiness and 

pr,.,, , ; I ,■ I- knew no North, no 

SiH;t'i., ji-J, .;. IK '.V' . -ijihing buthiswhole 
coontry, so bis name btlooES to no age or nation, 

"One of the few, the immortal np.nies 
That were not born to die " 
i;, .,,'i //, 1 h.ii KuBscU Houston, esq., the selected 
(aiiii : on the Whig ticket for this 

i: :, , -t, having declined the post 

tni . r :< t; Mlure being no constituted au- 

thority lo iiii liiu v.»ca..cy.this convention suggests 
the nitetiiig i.f another convention of the counties 
of Ibis district at Clarksvillc, on Monday, the 2d 
day of August, to elect some other standard-bearer 
for this co,itest, and urires th- oilu r cjooii.i to do 
likewise, and the foliiiv. ;;• [- nii nr •. ■ , i^i 



ind Wai. C. Jones. 



Scott was not our preference tor that disting 
and honorable position. Every one who 
our sentiments is aware that we have from the first 
advocated strenuously the claims of our worthy 
and piitriotic Chief Magistrate, Millard Fillmore 
The convention which has just closed its labors 
in its wisdom'and discretion, has deemed it impoli- 
tic to nominate him, and we have determined to 
abide in good faith the nomination of General 
Scott. We will support him— 

1st. Because we believe him to be more of astates- 
man than General Pierce; equally sound on ques- 
tions of vital interest to the South, with more ex- 
perience and capacity for the station. 

2d. Because he has planted himse'f upon a plat- 
form manufactured by the hands of southern 
men— a platform guaranteeing every thing claim- 
ed by the South— and a platform of such sound 
timbers, and conslructcd in such an elegant style 
of workinanehip, as to be ample and capacious 
enough for the North, South, East, and West, as 
common brotherhood. 

3d. We will support .him because he is a 
man of unquestionable ability, unblemished 
character, unflinching patriotism, of high and 
noble impulses— and a man who, when convincid 
that he is right, goes ahead. 

Lastly. We will support him because we are 
convinced that the reorganization of old parties at 
the South is inevitable. He is a Whig, has always 
been onf. and ux!'(<.l3 always to b.'; one; therelore 
we w, uM ; ; 'M :■.■ • wilh our friends than tri- 

'lli ■ ' ■ iiasons why we will sup- 

poll K .11 -I, lii iu, and patriot- fully confi- 

' :, ;: WlHira will unite as they should 

nce ol'such a man and such princi- 

, .. most brilliant victories will be ours 

;;,.: 1 lecordedin the history of our coun- 

i.v. UttoiKct the language of him who said, 
'['■UnUed we siand— Divided we /all." 



A Democrat's Desckiption of Gen. Scott's 
Pecoliarities —We learn from the New Orleans 
Bulletin that at a recent mass meeting of the Dem- 
ocrats at Baton Rouge, La , among orhcr speeches 
against General Scott, a Democratic orator com- 
nced a criticism upon General Scott, and final- 
ly descended to an examination of his habits, bear- 
■ g and tastes. He represented the heroicold Gen- 
eral as a man ofgreat vanity, who was remarkably 
proud o( his personal appearance, and who was 
never satisfied, either on parade ground or on the 
battle-field, unless the golden epauletteJ glittered 
on his shoulders, and a towering plume waved 
from his cbapeau. "But I must say, lellowciti- 
zens, (said the speaker, evidently ashamed of him- 
self,) Ihatthose epaulettes and that plume were always 
found glittering and waving where the battle raged 
fiercest . whire the bullets rained thickest, and where 
the carnage was deadliest, directing the American 
arms on to glorious victory I" The loudest ap- 
plause of the day followed the utterance of thtse 
truthful words. 

Have the American people (the Bul/cdn inquires) 
any belter use for epaulettes and plumes.' The gal- 
lant colonel who slated the foregoing has seen 
service, and is capable of judging. Will he be in- 
genuous enough to say the same thing wherever 
he speaks during the canvass .' 



Whig Nominations 
California, assembled 
ceeded in making nominal 
judges of the sopreme cou 
George B. Tingley, of San 



The Whig Conventii 



3 for Congressnifii, 
clsrk, and electors. 
!|ara county, and P. 
rds, of Sacramento, were nominated for 
Congress; J. M. Huntington, of Tuolumne, and 
Staunton Ruckncr, of Nevada, for justices of the 
supreme court; David H. Haskell, Jphn C. Fall, T. 
D. Johns, and J, A. Hale lor Presidential electors. 
Mr. William D. Hawks was nominated for clerlj 
of the supreme court. 



80 



THE SIGNAL 



From the .Vaoark Jldvnlisfr. 

ODE, 

TO MAJOR GENERAL WINFIELD SCOTT, 

I. 

Hero of many battle-fields, 

New wreathed with laurels from afar, 
Whose arm the sword and olive wields 
As champion both of peace and war: 
Thou art a haughty nation's pride — 

To thee lier truest hearts belong. 

And o'er the slaves that do thee wrong — 

Who have thy noble soul decried, 

Jn honor's strength thou lowerest strong. 

IK 

When freedom's eagle from her crag 

Was siartled by the din of arms, 
And to Britannia's lion flag 

The war-whoop joined us wild alarms; 
Though then no veteran in wars, 

'1 hy stalely form arose lilie Mars ! 
And at the valor of thy brow 

Cowered the wily Indians bow ; 
While Britain in the might of mind, 

More than her monarch's glory saw, 
When waved our banner to the wind 
Above the plains of Cuippkwa ! 
III. 
Thy name is graven on the rocks 

'I'luit brave i\iugara's thunder shocks ; 
Thy louder fame is evermore 

Associate of the torrent's roar 

Grand and resistless as the flood 

By which thy gallant arniv stood, 
When thro' the terrors of llie night 
The guiding star 
Tlmt led the war 
Was their true chieftain's might ! 
IV. 
But tho' Achilles on the field, 

In council thou our Nestok art, 
And for thy deeds of peace we yield 

Not plaudits only, but the heart; 
For these have wars the nation saved— 

Her name more lasting honor done, 
Than all the battles thou jiast braved. 

Than all the victories won. 
Beyond the Mississippi's flood 

Thy name a household word shall be, 
Joined with the noble and the good 
Wliile lives a grateful Cherokee. 
The lion of the forest grows 

But fiercer when pursued by foes, 
And, wounded, turns in savage wrath, 

To slain the bold pursuer.^ pdth ; 
Yet kindly eyes and voicrs mild. 

The royal beast of prey am tams, 
So that the timid gentle child 
May guide it by a fondling name. 
V. 
Thus when the crue! mandate went 

To quench the wigwam's peaceful fires— 
When a bold savage race was sent 

From homes and ashes of its sires ; 
The Indian felt his nnble blood 

Curdle with wrath, as firm he stood. 
Resolved for fight to string the bow. 
And turn upon his pale faced foe; 
When, listening for the tyrant's tread. 

Behold a silvery voice instead 
Fell on his ear like music's dream. 
Or like his own wild forest-siream ! 

His weapon falls— his eye is wet 

The talisnianic touch of lo\e 
Hath made him all his threats for-ret- 

Hath changed the lion to t :e dove' 
Aye, Nature to her chieftain gave 

True valor in a feeling heart- 
That could a race subdue to sare, 

And act the Christian Conqueror's part. 
VI. 
Bui hark ! the booming gun calls back 
Thine arm again the sword to wield ; 
War's comet shows its lurid track. 

And armies throng the tented field, 
>Tia night— and on San Juan's walla 
ii«d lightnings burst with dismal glare- 



Thro' darkness whiz death-freighted balls, 

And streams of fire illume the air! 
'Tis morn ! A thick ascending cloud 

A conquered city doth enshroud ; 

The bulwark, long a nation's strength. 

Yields up its battlements at length. 

And fie — the soul of Freedom's wars 

Plants there our glorious stripes and stars ! 
VII. 
Without the great Ulysses mind. 

Whose skiFl the wily plot designed — 
Th' Achaian hosts, tho' trained in wars, 

Tho' countless as the watcliing stars. 
Might long in vain have conquest hoped, 

'I'he gates of Troy had never oped. 
And, but for that self moving skill 

Which to the need the plan creates, 
Against us might be fastened still 

The imperial city gates. 
Hero of Mexico ! to thee 

All gates, all fortresses give way, 
And in triumphant pageantry, 

Through an innumerous conquered foe. 
Proud in their chief, thine armies go- 
Hail to the glorious day .' 
VIII. 
But sweeter sounds await thine ear 

Than from victorious bugles come, 
Bearing famdiar words and dear 

To the worn warrior. Peace and Home ! 
Great conqueror, tho' no epic lyre 

May, kindling with Homeric fire, 
Thy bold achievements, first and late. 

In mighty song perpetuate ; 
Thou hast the germ of deathless fame 

Secure in that unsullied name 
Which shall descend from age to age. 

Adorning ever History's page. 
Even now on truth's sublimest height 

Thou standest firm in conscious right. 
And still, like some old oak, wilt stand 

Where storms thy dauntless soul can brave. 
Nor ask from fickle Fortune's hand 
The proudest boon she ever gave. 
Yet, honored Hero! from afar 

I see thy glory like a star 
Rising with pure and steadfast glow, 

Upon a tranquil nation's brow ; 
There may it rest— not that to thee 

The place would added lustre give ; 
But, that our country blest may be 
In honor's trpe Executive. 
Newark, N. J. e. c. k. 



Go, ask Niagara's cla.<!sic wave, 

Who proudest deeds hath wrought? 
I In thunder tones, 'twill say — " the brave, 
I The gallant Winfield Scnii." 
I 'J'he gallant Winfield Scott, my boys, 

i The gallant Winfield Scott, 

j Whose fearless deeds in freedom's caui 

i Shall never be forgot. 

In East, or West, in North, or South, 



No field halh left 






I Upon our country's starry flag 

j When borne by gallant Scott. 

I When borne by gallant Scott, my boys, 

! When borne by gallant Scott, 

! Whose fearless deeds in freedom's causa 

j Shall never be forgot. 

jThe old with him have met the foe, 

j And many a battle fought ; 

{They've seen his blood for freedom flow— 

I They've bled with Winfield Scott. 

j The gallant Winfield Scott, my boy.^ 

I The gallant Winfield Scott, 

I Whose fearless deeds in freedom's cause 

j Shall never be forgot. 

iTho young liave seen him lead the fi£;ht, 

j And knew he faltered not ; 

i When darkest grew the battle's nijht, 

1 A star — shone gallant Scott. 

[ The gallant Winfield Scott, mv bovs. 

I The gallant Winfield Scott, 

i Whose gallant deeds in fieedom's cause 

i Shall never be forgot. 

Then let the old and voun? unite — 
I In duly falter not; 

I But strike for Freedom, Home and Right, 
I With gallant Winfield Scott. 

With gallant Winfield Scott, my bovs, 
I \Vilh gallant Winfield Scott, 

! Whose fearless deeds in freedom's cause 

I Shall never be forgot. 



( From the Indiana Slate Journal. ) 
THE PEOPLE'S RALLYING SONG. 
Tune— "Auld Lang Syne." 
From vale to hill, from hill to vale, 
Each heart new fire hath caught ; 
And shouts are borne on ev«ry gale. 
For gallant Winfield Scott. 

For gallant Winfield Scolt, my boys, 
For gallant Winfield Scott, 
Whose fearless deeds in freedom's caust 
Shall never be forgot. 
On Uueenstown's height sublime he stood 

Amid a hail of shot ; 
And fearless walked that field of blood 
The gallant Winfield Scolt. 

The gallant Winfield Scott, my boys. 
The gallant Winfield Scott, 
Whose gallant deeds in freedom's causa 
Shall never be forgot. 
When captive with his gallant band 

His spirits failed them not, ' 

For Erin's sons behold him stand, | 

The gallant Winfield Scott. [ 

The gallant Winfield Scott, my boys, I 

The gallant Winfield Scmt, ■ 

Whose fearless deeds in freedom's cause 
Shall never be forgot. 
At Chippewa he beat the fee, I 

And drove him from the spot, j 

On which he sought to overthrow } 

Ourgallant Winfield Scott. I 

Our gallant Winfield Scott, my boys, i 

Our gallant Winfield Scoit, 
Whose learless deetis in freedom's cause 
Shall never ba forgot. 



WELCOME HOME. 

BY GEN. CEOROE P. MORRIS. 

Victorious the hero 

Returns from the wars ; 
His brow bound with laurels 

That never will faile, 
While streams the free standard 

Of stripes and of stars. 
Whose field in the battle 

The foemen dismayed. 
When the Mexican hosts 

In their madness came on, 
Like a tower of strength 

In his might he arose! 
Where dai ger most threatened, 

His banner was borne. 
Waving hope to his friends 
And despair to his foes. 

Chords. 

Huzza! Huzza! Huzza! 

The hero forever ! 

Whose fame is the glory 
And pride of the land ! 
The Soldier of Honor 

And Liberty, hail ! 
His deeds in the temple 

Of Fame are enrolled ; 
His prospects, like flower seeds 

Sown by the gale. 
Take root in the hearts 

Of the valiant and bold. 
The warrior's escutcheon 

His foes seek to blot ; 
But vain are the efl"orls 

Of parti.san bands. 
For freemen will render 

Full Justice to Scott, 
And welcome him home. 

With their hearts in their hands. 

Choeds. 
Huzza! Huzza! Huzza! 

The hero forever ! 
Whose fame is the glory 

And pride of the Iftnd' 



T H r S I G N A 



PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, BY G. S. GIDEON. 



No. 6.] 



WASHINGTON: AUGUST 7, 1852. 



[Vol. 1. 



THE SIGNAL: 

^ li'hig tampalgn pajier, published al lite 
Hfy of n*ashiHgto». 

The undersigned is now publishing, -at 
the cit}' of Washington, a Whig Campaign 
Paper under the above title, devoted to the 
support of WINFIELD SCOTT, for Pre- 
sident, and WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, for 
Vice President. 

The Signal will be emphatically a Na- 
tional Press, designed for circulation in 
every section of the country. The object 
of the paper will be to harmonize the ac- 
tion, and promote the efficient organization 
of the Whig Party, as well as to diffuse its 
principles and arouse its spirit and enthu- 
siasm. 

It will also fun\ish a convenient com- 
pendium of all the facts and documents 
bearing upon the case made by the respec- 
tive parties and candidates, and preserve 
in a form Jor future reference a complete 
history of the canvass. A full index will 
be given in the last number, which will 
add materially to the permanent interest 
and value of the work. 

The great popularity and success which 
attended the Battery, published by the 
undersigned during the last Presidential 
canvass, induces him to retain the same 
form and size in the Signal. 

The publication will be continued each 
week until the election, the results of which 
will be given in full in the last number. 



TERMS. 

The Signal will be published weekly, 

until after the Presidential election in 

November, at the following rates, viz: 

Single subscription - - - - - $0 50 

Five copies - - 2 00 

(Being at the rate of 40 cts. for each subscriber.) 
Fourteen copies ------ 5 00 

(Being at the rate of 36 els. for eacli subscriber.) 

Thirty copies 10 00 

(Being at the rale of 33J cts, for eacli subscriber.) 
Fifty copies ------- l.'5 00 

( Being at the rate of 30 cts. for each subscriber.) 

^(^pNo paper will be sent unless the 
order is accompanied by the money. 

Ml letters must be post-paid, and ad- 
dressed to 

GEO. S. GIDEON, 

Washington, 0. C. 



THE SIGNAL, 



with a gallant 
were a delegalir 
of Louisville, Ky., let! by a 



uf thr 



THE LUNDY'S LANE JUBILEE. 

FIRST DAY— Tuesday, Jjlv 27. 

The morning of Tuesday, July 27lli, witnessed 
the commencement of the assembly of llie largest 
popular mass meeting which has ever assembled in 
the United States. During the two previous days 
cars, steamers, and private conveyances had been 
pouring into the city of Buffalo an incessant stream 
of living beings. Extra trains, at short intervals, 
had been arriving over the Lake Shore and Central 
lines of railway, all of which were filled to over- 
flowing. The Forest City arrived on Sunday 
evening, bringing tlic Scott Guards, and portions 
of the delegations from the inland towns, and the 
Empire State, which also reached Buffalo on Sun- 
day evening, brought down upwards of eleven 
hundred passengers from Southern Michigan and 
Ohio. At sunrise Monday morning the JNorthern 
Indiana arrived with upwards of 2,000 from South- 
ern Michigan and the Ohio lake shore ; at eight 
o'clock the Globe hove in sight, black from stem 
to stern with human beings, and at 9 o'clock the 
Buckeye State came in loaded dow.n to her guards 
umong whom 
from the city 
t magnificent 
Cornet Band. It was in truth a noble and stirring 
sight 10 look upon these gallant sons of the South, 
as they marched in columns, with their glittering 
banners above them, with the inspiring strains oY 
a band .second to none in point of power, brilliancv, 
and execution in the Union — perhaps in the world. 
I All hail to the gallant State which gives up all her 
preferences, and merges all her dissatisfacUon in 
the great and common cause which is nearest her 

Eleven trains of cars passed over the Budaloand 
Niagara Falls road on Monday, carrying as many 
persons as could sit and stand in seven or eight 
long passenger cars. The military went down the 
river to Schlosser by the boats, which were con- 
tinually running, and which took down also thou- 
sands of delegates. 

The delegation from the old Keystone State 
numbered over twelve hundred, comprising the 
special delegations from the cities of Philadelphia 
and Pittsburgh. The estimated number from Ohio 
was as high as eiglit thousand. Michigan sent 
fifteen hundred. The Baltimore delegation, who 
were encamped "together in a large tent, numbered 
three hundred. The Massachusetts delegation, 
which was very large, was also encamped together 
in a mammoili tent. The Vermont delegation 
numbered near five hundred, and the other New 
England States "were largely represented. 

Various estimates were made of the numbers in 
attendance, but no means see d o 1 e t a al le 
to determine it; but the co n on e a k f 
those who attended the celeb o t I o M s 
in 1840, was that the number a L ndy s La c 
was at least doui.le. 

The crowd was evtfry wh e I v I e 

around the speakers' stands or n I s ee or 
at the military camp-groui d vl 1 a 1 It 

mile distant from the village o 1 1 e t ■! 

of the civil delegations, wl 1 ve p cl ed 
the field and gro.ve opposite tl o e ol I e n 1 a y 
and nearer the river. It was all ru vd fo a Ic 
square. 

The orii'V uf tin- 4ay was o le eel a 10 



o'clock, p. m., by the parade of the military, st 
Camp Scott. The right of the line was given to the 
Cleveland Flying Artillery, Capt. D. L. Wood, 
and a belter drilled and finer looking body of men 
never crossed a horse. Their uniforms are new, 
and are in excellent taste. The coat and pants are 
blue, richly laced, and the head gear is the helmet 
cap, with a long crest of red horse hair. Their 
.sabres and othe 
rcgulatii 

tary are under command of Major General Whit- 
ney, a veteran officer, who served under the gallant 
Sco^t in 1812. 

Next followed five companies of the 65th regi- 
ment of New York State militia, after which came 
the Scott Guards, of Detroit, under command of 
Capt. Gies, making a fine and soldier-like appear- 
ance, equal to any upon the ground. .After them 
marched a fine company from Syracuse, N. Y.; 
next in rear a Rochester company; in renrof them 
a company of infantry from Columbus, llhio. The 
Hibernian Guards, a noble looking and well-drilled 
body of men, marched next. They were followed 
by other companies, the names of which we were 
unable to learn, making in all thirteen companies. 
After the military in the proccssinn came alone 
train of carriages, with the old soldiers of the waT 
of 1312, a body of gray-haired veterans, upon 
whose countenances the recollection of the glorious 
annivei.5ary was marked and vivid. These were 
followed by the different civic delegations, .with 
their bands and banners, among which none was 
more conspicuous than Pontiac, with her delega- 
tion of thirty, with their neat and tasteful banner. 
The delegation of tlie Whig Youns Men's Demo.- 
cratic Committee from the city of New York were 
present in full numbers. It'is impossible to enu~ 
merale the different delegations, or the location of 
them in procession. The streets through which it 
moved were, thronged with men and v. omen, mak- 
ing ten to one for every one in procession, and 
it was difiicult to obtain even a fair sight as it 
p.i ssed . 

The Frankfort Artillery, from old Kentucky, 
lormed a prominent object of interest among the 
military. They are a fine body of men, and are 
commanded by an officer of the Kentucky Volun- 
teers, who took the field-piece which they had in 
charge from the Mexicwis at Cerro Gordo. 

Tliere was a large delegation of stalwart Indians 
who, or whose fathers, had fought at Lundy's 
Lane on the side of the Americans. Among the 
most noted upon that occasion, and who were pre- 
sent, were the following: John Mounpleasant, Ja- 
cob Holdlree, Jacob Cusid Cusick, John Cu-Jick 
George L. Priniup, baac Allen, Isaac Miller, John 
Fox. They bore themselves majestically in the 
procession, and seemed proud of the notice which 
their presence and achievements excited. Thev 
had hoped to meet their "Tall Chief;" but beino- 
disapponited, they expressed a strong desire tha"? 
their white brethren mighj elect him to the offi-e of 
G a d S 1 le U o 

Tie I II y 

vl 1 I I 

, ", "^ I 

1 1 fd u ly e V die 

1 e s I ad talle b e AogtIesrv vers 

as Cap n (- s e f I nool st spec nens 
a all Ke k a e eve aw Mr Drew one 
of the Cops adea cloietspoErl — awakei ii g 
by 1 e s e ces ol 1 e s s f I a nest)- 

c a e d by 1 le I e I i e of hp 

b ass o a o Ce & d I u as n 

B d s 1 e « t ( CO nj a J ve 1 ea tj 



82 



THE SIGNAL. 



of a lar^e number also of the gallant heroes of the 
Mexican war. They foufrht bravely under t!ie 
lend of General Scott through that war, and they 
will fiiht Kallantly now to secure his election to the 
high office of President of the United States. 

"The presence of the Hibernian Guard.^*, of Cleve- 
land—an admiriibly disciplined corps of irishmen, 
under the command of Captain Kinney — was a 
gratifying "sign of the times." Although they 
were not formed as a political organization, and 
are among the most spirited and intelligent citizens 
of Cleveland, representing various classes and ni- 
terests, all but one are in favor of the election of 
General Scott, and he is too good a Democrat to 
refuse to go with the majority. Besides ihis com- 
pany from Cleveland, there wer» some twenty del- 
egates who will, for the first time, go in November 
n^xt for a Whig. No one who met and conversed 
with these representaiives from Ohu., doubt the 
result in that State. It is as sure for Scott as Ver- 
mont ia. , , 

After reaching the grove, the troops were drawn 
up areund the platforms, and the meeting was or- 
ganized by the appointment 



Among the most striking incidents of this por- 
tion of the proceedings, was the introduciion ol 
•wo old soldiers who''had fought under Scott and 
tinrrison. These veterans addressed the crowd in 
brief speeches, and although it is true their voices 
were weak and broken by age, yet their words 
were strong, and made a deep impression on all 
who heard th m. SergeantThompson, the soldier 
who had fought and bled at Lundy'a Lane, and 
who had been plucked from a heap of slain, hours 
after the battle had ceased, with some evidences of 
life remaining in him, spoke with indignation of 
which they told him had been spread 
abroad, that Scott was a cruel man and a harsh 
er over his companions in arms. He would 
tify, while his life and his speech was spared 



of the fuUov 



W 



he falsehood of 
brcith yet remaining in 
nouncing such a report 
der. "1 am a living 
said the 



ch a charge. The litt 
im should be spent in d 
s a base and brutal slai 
itness yet, thank God, 
"of the almost womanly 



Pr£sUfn(.— Hon. Thomas Kwing, of Ohio. 
Vice Presidents.— New Hampshire, .1. E. Salter; 
Vermont Gov. Pierce; Massachusetts, General 
Samuel Chandler ; Connecticut, Hon. H. Ruggles; 
Rhode Island, Hon. J. C.Knigh.; New York, 
Hon. John A. Kmg; New Jersey, W. A Gustm; 
Pennsylvania, Judge Jessup; Maryland, H.M. 
Davis- Georgia, R. A. Beers; Alabama, Dr. Per- 
rine;' Arkansas, B. P. Gaines; Mi.ssouri, A. Har- 

; Kentucky, H. Wmgute ; Ohio Judge J. C. 

Ight; Indiana, James Davis; Illinois, J. H. 
t^msie; Wisconsin, A. J. Langworthy; Michigan, 
D. S. Walbridge; District of Columbia, P. 1-. Ba- 

*^°S£cre(orip^ —William Schouler, Massachusetts; 

George Dawson, New York ; Bascom, Ohio ; 

Gen. Clark, Vermont ; S. Colfax, Pennsylvania. 

Those States which are not mentioned were un- 
represented by delegations, or were omitted, it is 
presumed, accidentally, in the organization. 

The meetin" having thus been opened at the 
grandstand, was addressed ably by the President, 
who reviewed the civil services of Gen. Scott, and 
declared his firm conviction, founded upon a per- 
sonal acquaintance of twenty-five years standing, 
tlial the General was as competent as a statesniaTi 
as he was in his military character. 

He was followed by Gov. Hunt, who was well 
received, and declared that he felt some hesitation 
in attending the present meeiing, in consequence of 
his official station ; but that various considerations 
had led him to break through what he considered 
a wholesome rule. One of the-e was his desire to 
meet once more the electors of his own district — 
the 34th— an opportunity which he did not antici- 
pate would occur again for some time. Gov. Hunt 
■ to his firm determination 

„^ resolve he has already 

officiallv announced, not to be a candidate for re- 
nomination in the gubernatorial election. 

Mr. Henry Winter Davis, of Maryland, next 
addressed the meeting, in a strain of eloquence and 
deep reasoning rarely surpassed by the most fa- 
mous speakers. Mr. Davis is a young man, but 
Henry Clay once said of him that he was the most 
promising young man know 



tenderness wUh which that strong arm, so terrible 
in fight, can smooth the pillow of sickness and 
touch the writhing form of the wounded— of the 
gentle tones in which that voice, so harsh and pow 
erful upon the field of battle, can whisper consola 
tion to the dying, and words of hope and comfort 
to the suflfering." A great sensation was produced 
by the appearance of these old veterans. 

The meeting was adjourned at about 6 o'clock 
until 8, at which hour the crowds began aga' '- 
assemble in the grove. It was a mo.st anim 
scene. The moon shone bright, the air was balmy, 
hundreds of lights were arranged in the grove, 
which was full of thousands upon thousand.s of peo- 
ple. Governor Jones commenced speaking about 
half past eight, and continued for a full hour. The 
stand was placed at one side of a natural basin, 
which extended far in Iront and upon each side, 
and allowed an immense number to see and hear 
the eloquent speaker. Never was any man more 
cnthusiasiically received, and never did any speaker 
more fully justify the expectations of a waiting 
multitude. His defence of Winfield Scott, against 
the attacks of political enemies, was one of the 
most thrilling bursts of eloquence to which we 
ever listened. His biisf allusions to Mr. Pierce 
were kind, but withering and annihilating. He 
dwelt briefly upon the issues between the two par- 
ties, and carried not only the feelings, but the 
judgment of liia hearers. At times there was 
breathless silence, but followed with as hearty and 
enthusiastic cheers as ever foreshadowed the defeat 
and aownfall of the Locofoco party. 

The proceedings of the evening were closed by 
a splendid display of fireworks upon the same spot 
before described, which were witnessed with high 
satisfaction. 

After Governor Jones had concluded, Hon. John 
A. King, Butler G. Noble, of Chautauque, Gov. 
Hunt, General Bruce, of Madison, and Gen. Clark, 
of Vermont, were successively ca.led out, and ad- 
dies.?ed the people until nearly midnight. There 
was unflagging interest to the last. 



SECOND DAY— JcLT 



At an early hour this morning the crowds again 
mmenced thronging to the Falls, and before the 
n had risen very high, the streets and lanes, 
him in the United 1 halls and tents, and places of interest were com- 
es and'the Jid veteran displayed his judgment pletely crammed, ihe trains from Buffalo were 
in the remark. There is a genuine h'onestv. a ^ filled to overflowing, baggage, wood cars, and =n 
straight-forwaid manliness in Mr. D; 
■pie 
free from any seclionality 
•e, national — and posted up ( 
which bespeak 



oiiesty, a „._.._- , ,, 

s declara- \ Some of them were beautifully decorated. Yeste 

nnncipies, wnicn ,.; u uly gratifying to wit- j day was the principal time for the celebration at 

ness He is free from any eec.ionality-broad, rally, yet that appears to have made no d.tierencei 

.r<.n«ivP nat nnd— and nested up on politi- the ma.-^ses who desired to meet in council, and oti: 

Tt^atr^r- " " "°— ^^^^ nr,t'alone to the Hero of the hard-ibught battle fields on th 



the Hero 
B shrewd and thmking politician, but a giant and j banks °', "^^^^^'^'X";. 
• ■ ■ Mr. Davis made a brilliant ; hearts. A part of ihe Iv 



liomage of grateful 
ky delegation came 



^:pCrr1^te m;;to7;V ti;;-;i;;yl,e5;onda jiu this monimg, and a hardier, noblerlooki, „ . 
3^'ln th^ course of the speech, an eloquent of felh.ws I never saw. Upon their banner is in- 
ribule of respect to President I^illmom's character scribed "Old Kentucky, good for twenty thousand 
and admin stration drew forth from the vast multi- for Winfield Scott." On being questioned whether 
f^V,,, m, h nst of vehenieiit enthusiasm. Scott could receive such a large majority in that 

Cobr.rSler, of S, also addressed the j State, the ready reply was, "Yes, and 10,000 more, 
meetinginahumorousspeech, which was well re-, il needed." „., „r ,u. 

rewed, and the adjournmeiU until 8 p. m, was then The inilita, y encampment was the scene of the 
announced. 

At the smaller platform, the sp^c 



greatest interest this forenoon, 

ely circulated that there \ 



Horace Greeley, Robert C. Winthrop, and General : of the troops. 
JewS^^fPelnsylvan-*' • For hours before the review , 



.imenced, crowd 



began flocking into iha tented field, and when the 
.appointed tim's arrived, there could have been no 
less than thirty thcisand people present. The 
spectacle prepenled was an imposing one, which, 
together wiih the memory of ihe deeds which have 
hallowed this frontier soil, coming as they must 
iresh into the minds of the adeiiding thousands, 
tended to render it one that will never be forgotten. 
At lUi o'clock thedift'erenl companie.i lorincd into 
line, and were reviewed byGovernor Hum, and as 
they marched around the field presenlcd a splendid 
sight. Several companies arrived last evening 
from Rochester and Pittsburgh, so that the number 
was quite large. The company of flying artillery ■ 
from Cleveland, Ohio, excited the mnsi .idmnation. 
Their exercises were pei-ioniM-l Anii il-' utmost 
rapidity, and exhibited aiii.i - i « 'I pro- 

ficiency which would have t i . ;• i i' 'IVect, 
had they been engaged in ir t" ' ' ili' 'Aith an 
enemy. Captain Miner's Li^jlit Guard li.ive won 
a name and reputation which h've placed them in 
.the front rank of the citizen-soldiery of the coun- 
try. 

The adjourned meeting in the Park at one, p. m., 
was well attended. The first speaker was Mr. E. 
Daniels, of Wisconsin, who spoke of the political 
condition of Wisconsin. That State was now tired 
of locofoco misrule, and cummenced redeeming 
herself, returning a Whig Governor last f.ll. The ■ 
Slate, he said, would go largely for the Whig can- 
didates. John H. Bradley, of lndii.n.i, spoke of 
the tarilTand revenue questions in a sound speech. 
Mr. Joseph Blunt, of New York, referred to the 
occasion which had ilrawn together ihe present 
meeting-, and agreed in the propriety of a nation 
celebrating the victories won by her troops. 

He gave a general sketch of Scott's lite ; his mili- 
tary and civil career, ami drew contrasts between 
the candidates. Judge Johnson, of Ohio, was 
loudly called for. He responded in an eloquent 
address. He had come to Niagara Falls for his 
health, and finding the convention assemble-d for 
the health of the n.ition, he had aiiendcd that. 
He was a friend, a warm friend ■ f President Fill- 
more, because he had administered executive 
duties ably and faiil. fully, and carried out the law.s 
irrespective of faction. He was a friend of \Veb- 
sier, because he recognised the glorious ability 
which made him the greatest living statesman, and 
felfproud of his career. He was also afriend, a fast 
anti true friend, of Scott; and who will .say Scott is 
not as true to the Constitution as Fillmore, and as 
widely known and world-renowned as Webster. 
He urged the Whigs not to waste time in useless 
regrets for the loss of their candidates, or that of 
their first choice. One thing was certain. General 
SiOtt had the quality to be elected — the first quali- 
ty a candidate should possess. He did not say 
highest, but first quality — one without which all 
others were but sounding brass and tinkling cym- 
bals. 

He then reviewed General Scott's eminent suc- 
cess, and declared that he had this first quality to a 
greater extent than any man now living in the 
United States. He thanks God there was one 
j book recognised by the people of Ihe world as the 
I book of revelations— one book which the efforts 
of Bible societies had put into nearly every log 
cabin in the country. You might take that book 
and read its history from the exodus of Moses 
until the time Saul was crowned King, and find, no 
matter whether Samson or Gideon, or any other, 
whoever it was, that was found with sword in hand, 
fighting the battles of his people, afterwards ruled 
the land. He said this to prove that there is ground 
for the religious principle which has gone abroad 
to the people of the world, that the man who takes 
his life in his hand, and goes forth to battle and to 
shed his blood for his peo|de, shall rule over them. 
But we need not look to religious history for this 
proof Our own history would equally prove 
It. ■ He then referred to Generals Washington, 
Jackson, Harrison, and Taylor, as instances, 
and- traced this fact to semi-religious sentiment 
which reigns in every free bosom, that the man 
who loves liberty so well as to take his life in his 
hand, and to go tbrth to battle and to sired his blood 
for his countrymen, in entitled to be exalted by the 
gratitude of that people. Judge Johnson then re- 
ferred eloquently to Scott's services. He remem- 
bered when the battles of Lundy Lane and Chip- 
pewa svere fought. He was then a littl* low-he»ded 



THE SIGNAL. 



83 



boy, and used to liear his father offer up prayers for 
the success of the American arms. H« lived on 
the frontier in a spot were some danger jiiade recol- 
lection more distinct in his mind. He remembered 
the year when the flaming comet spread pestilence 
and war oTcr the land, and when General Hull 
marched to Detroit the choices; men of the Ameri- 
can army, and munitions of war, amidst the pray- 
ers, hopes, and solicitude of the whole nation. At 
that time it was reported that two-thirds of the 
people of Canada were prepared to join the stand- 
ard of the Republic, and with the aid of them and 
the high reputation of the commander, Canada 
would be annexed in a short time, and war 
speedily ended. But when Hull surrendered, if 
the sun had been plucked out of the heavens, or the 
moon had turned mto blood — if the stars had fallen 
from the sky, the gloom could not have been deep- 
er. He recollected his own little heart sinking | 
within him, although he could not fully appreciate 
the danger. The idea prevailed that all was lost ; 
and all would then have been lost,butforthe valor of 
the young grenadier Winfield Scott, and the brave 
men who fought with him along the line of the Iron- ' 
tier. He referred eloquently to Scott's services, 
and attacked those who condemedhim for indiscre- j 
tion in early battles. He felt as if the base sur- ; 
render of Hull had made it necessary that blood | 
should be offered up as a sacrifice to tongue-tied 
victory in our favor. He thanked God, not in a i 
spirit of false enthusiasm, but as one who expected 
to answer hereafter for words as well as actions, ' 
that one of those heroes was spared to this hour to 
receive from a grateful country that reward which i 
is his due. 

Judge Johnson then referred to Polk's cabinet ■ 
and their disgraceful treatment of the hero. He I 
hoped God would forgive theia, and blot out their] 
iniquities and meinories together. They had sat j 
with spectacles on their noses to plot o«t schemes 
for the destruction of Scott, but in the mean time 
they had dug a pit for themselves forever for the , 
presidency. He did not believe if any person had 
kicked Mr. Polk a posteriori, he would have been 
more astonished. He reviewed the orders of Gen. 
Scott during the Mexican war, and showed that a 
comparison of them with the history of events as 
now known, would make it appear as though they 
were written after the events to suit history. 
Every order had been carried out, with the excep- 
tion of one — that was in the case of Gen. Pillow, 
who in the language of the poet — he forgets the 
poet's name, is spoken of thus — 

" We hang our harps upon the willow, 
Vi/henever we think of General Pillow ; 
Who dug, by aid of General Marcy, 
Ditch and breastwork «>ice vatsy.'^ 

Judge J. did not think military fame was any 
disqualification for the chief executive of the United 
States, when it was remembered his business was 
to execute laws insiead of making them, and some- 
times to execute them with sword in hand. He 
didn't recollect of but one instance of a military 
man not being a law and order man, and referred 
to the well known instance of disobedience to the 
laws of the country evinced by Jackson. 

He referred to the charges made by a corrupt 
administration against the people's hero, and de- 
clared that the country was now prepared to try 
him over again. They had brought the cause 
before the great, glorious, and unpacked jury of 
the whole people, who would place the stamp of 
their approbation upon the veteran's brow, giving 
him a glorious verdict. Judge J. ended with nn 
eloquent appeal to the Whigs to pull true to the 
cause. To see eye to eye, to fight shoulder to 
shoulder, and to march in solid phalanx on to vic- 
tory. But even should they be overcome, they 
would fall with their backs on the field and ihcir 
feet to the foe, and look proudly to heaven in their 
hour of defeat. 

Mr. Smith, of Illinois, next addressed the meet- 
ing, after which HoraceGreeley, in answer to loud 
calM, appeared and presented Sergeant Thompson, 
of Ohio, an old soldier, who had fought with Scott 
at Lundy's Lane, and been left for dead on the 
field. He had been a Democrat all his life, and as- 
sured the meeting there were scores of his friends 
immediately near him in Ohio, who would do as 
he was going to do — vote for Gen. Scott, the first 
Whig vote they had ever put in the ballot-box. 
Lieut. Hawkins, an old soldier at Fort Meigs, also 



a Democrat, who went for Scott, was then intro- 
duced. Thty were loudly cheered, and caused 
much enihunisem. Horace Greeley then in an- 
swer to renowsd and dtafening calls, appeared and 
addressed the meeting briefly in a sound and prac- 
tical speech. He reminded the Whigs, that they 
had other duties to perform than attend these 
gatherings. They were to go if they wish for 
success, and hunt up the lukewarm at home, to 
find those who know nothing of the candidates, 
and let them know who Gen. Scott was. For this 
purpose he had caused to be brought on some 
pamphlets containing the life of Scott, which 
would be found for sale at the back of the platform 
for only twenty-Jive cents a dozen. These books 
were eagerly purchased, and a large number of 
them will thus be scattered abroad to do good for 
the Whig cause. Messrs. Troutman, of Ashland 
district, Ky., Marlindale, of Rochester, Stanley, 
of N. J., A. B. Dickinson, of N. Y., Woodruff, 
of N. J.. Crocker, of Iowa, and Chatwell, ad- 
dressed the meeting. Mr. G. W. Holly, of Nia- 
gara, then declared the meeting finally adjourned, 
and long and loud rang the cheers of the multitude, 
as this great assembly, the vastest, the most re- 
spectable, the most enthusiastic, held for many 
years in this country, formally broke up. Al- 
though the meeting is thus formally at an end, im- 
mense crowds of people still remain in the village, 
and display a feeling of enthusiasm in the cause 
which tells of the effect which, the gathering has 
had. Crowds of eager politicians gather on every 
corner, and the talk Is that Scott is to be the next 
President, and the fate of the Democracy is sealed. 
A large number of arrests were made for picking 
pockets and fighting, but the meeting has been 
wonderfully orderly for so large a gathering. It is 
now confidently estimsted that not less than forty 
thousand were in town to-day. There must have 
been near that number. 



AsOTHEB Soldier's Response.— Our readers 
will remember we some days ago published a 
letter from Captain Hugunin, in regard to General 
Scott's treatment of foreigner^, accompanied by 
the statement that, though a Democrat, he was 
going to support tb» old hero. 

The captain received a letter from one of his old 
comrades yesterday, also a Democrat, from which 
we are permitted to make the following extract: 
Cantos, .Staek County, Ohio, 
July 17, 185-2. 
Captain Robbbt Hcounin: 

Deae Sir: I bear thoughts of you very often 
since we parted years ago, and wondered if you 
were still in the Innd of the living. Upon taking 
up the Piltsburgh Gazette this morning, I saw a 
letter of yours to the Chicago Jcurnat, on the sub- 
ject of General Scott's interference for the protec- 
tion of American prisoners. 

I was rejoiced to read it, and hasten to congrat- 
ulate you as a Scott man. 

I too am a Scott man, and feel it in my bones 
that Scott must be elected. 

Please lake to yourself my best wishes, and 
with fl Ion E and loud hurrah for Scott. 

,\dieu, S. C. Fbey. 

[Chicago Journal. 

The Democbatic Platfobm.— Who supported 
it— who opposed it? Where is the record of the 
votes.' Why has it not been given.' Why can it not 
be given.' Let the people call for the record. Let 
the people itjquire why the record has not been pre- 
sented to them. Why there should be any mystery 
about this all important matter.' Let all (hose who 
are not wilfully blind, or have not become the 
mere pUant tools of party, continue to call for the 
record. The history of the Platform of Principles 
isa thousand times more important than the his- 
tory of Pierce and King. 

[A^. O. Campaign Republic. 



"Give ue toor Hand— So do L"— Everybody 
hereabouts knows George Witherel, who for years 
his been a workingman in the Democratic ranks, 
and who lias done that party good service. On 
Monday George met a Deiiiooraiic friend who had 
just returned Irom Indiana, and whose firet inquiry 
was, "Well, Giorge, how's politice.'" 

George answered. " I'm afraid we'll have to 
part this timfi, h.r 1 go in for Winfield Scott." 

"Do you?" shouted his friend; "give us your 
hand on tluit, oM fellow- ao do I." 

[ Cleueland ( Ohio) rierald. 



GEN. PIERCE'S VIEWS ON SLAVERY 
AND THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW. 



From the Manchester {N. H ) Dtmoerat, January 



GENERAL PIERCE IN NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
New Boston, January 3, iSai. 

Mr. Editor: Some weeks ago General Pierca 
sent word to certain of the friends of Mr. Atwood. 
in New Boston, that he was about to address tha 
people of this town, in order that he might see him- 
self right in the case of Letitia BlaisdcU. This, 
however, was considered to be a mere pretext, 
while the real object of his mission would bo to 
procure the passage of some resolutions, or in soma 
way get up a "manifesto" against Mr. Atwood, 
which might go forth all over the Slate as the 
actual voice ofNew Boston. A week previous to 
the meeting, handbills were scattered all over the 
northern partof the county — from Litchfield on the 
east to Hillsboro' on the west— announcing that 
General Franklin Pierce would address the citizens 
of New Boston on Friday, the 2d day of January. 
It was manifestly the intention to have enough 
"outsiders" present to aid our citizens in making 
the discovery, which an acquaintance of twenty five 
years had failed to do, that John Atwood was a 
very base, intriguing, and dishonest man. 

Before noon on yesterday the deputy sheriffs and 
party fuglcrs in general began to arrive in town, 
and the bar-room of the tavern was thronged with 
those who were evidently preparing themselves for 
a demonstration. Liltle attention, however, was 
paid to the meeting by the friends of Mr. Atwood, 
and but comparatively few of them were present. 
Of the whole num'. er assembled in the meeting- 
house, less than one third were citizens of New 
Boston. In fact, many of our people say that more 
than three-fourths of those present were from other 

The meeting was called to order by Captain B. 
Fletcher, who, on taking the chair, said that as 
General Pierce was unwell, Mr. B F. Ayer would 
occupy a portion of th« time, and introduced him 
to the audience. Mr. Ayer spoke for three-quarters 
of an hour. He had evidently prepared himself for 
the occasion, and considered the part he was act- 
ing as a very important one. As his arguments, 
and to a ceneiderable extent his language, are to 
be found in the Patriot and other Hunker papers of 
the past year, it is needless to repeat them. In 
Slate matters he was very anxious to have it un- 
derstood that the Honker party were not responsi- 
ble for the corporation acts of the last Legislature, 
and the individual liability law; but for some cause 
he forgot to mention that the party had a majority 
in the Legislature, and he gave the liability law an 
antiquity far before its actual origin in 1842. 

General Pierce commenced his remarks by com- 
plimenting his "young friend," and announcing 
that there was no other place where he could hav« 
been induced to make a political speech at the pre- 
sent time. He went through the stereotyped in- 
troductory of all his apeecbes'in^this region, allud 
ing in very feeling tones to the important fact that 
he was born in Hillsboro' rouniy— spoke of being 
among the friends of his father— .^aid that D. Ben- 
nett, of this tovi-n, built the first stark of chimnies 
in his father's house that was ever built in the town 
of Hillsboro'- called by name several individuals 
present as his especial acquai.itances- and inquir- 
ed if iherc was any revolutionary soldier present 

Some one in the audience announced that Mr. 
Abner Hogg, a revolutionary soldier, (and in 1845 
and '46 a member of the Legislature from New 
Boston,) was still living, but not preset! 
need f 



second voic 
Atwood 1 



onounce 



he was a thorough 
I for that." 



Gen. P.— "And none 

Voice— "So I think " 

The General then proceeded to =ppak of his father 
and mother as riding hoi oebaek over rough roads, 
and. of the great improvements that have been 
made within a few years He rifin d to the Con- ' 
stitulion of the counliy, and in a /inn tiatn of 
thought recognisid the hi^l et li- 
ab-ine aU coiutUulion-, " Hit , , . 
unequivocal, that lh( Riv Mi i ' 
gyman of this town, could n;f / 
citntiy "fanatical" to satify Ih i iu i i la u^ i 
tionist. 

General P. now proceeded to speak upon another 
topic which he is very apt to dv.cl] upon on all 
occasions, not even excepting his cffurts at the 
bar — viz., his own ya/jrin the iVlexican v.ar. Moit 
of those who had returned frem that v,-.ir h ul (arcil 
better than he had. There fad been m;'.:iy (uolish 
lies in regard to his brav.?ry, and Go .dale's ji ^.el- 
was full of false insinuations upon this point. WiiH 



84 



THE SIGNAL. 



oner at Philadclph 


a, ao the North theirs at 


occupied the hour of his in deluding his military 






character. He explained the circumstance of his 


eth the Gouera) cc 


mmenced upon his I'lry- 


laiiHin?; and declared that, "wiih ihe exception of 




Btated that ho hail IitI 


a sing-ie occasion, h^ had Jed his command in the 



his /tea 



volt at it. 






I contrary to tite Co 
muunmi in sornerts/iecfs — amoral blot vptm the char 
ac.er of the nation. But it can't be hfl,.td " He re- 
ferred to the great peril in which the Union had 
been placed. Some, and among- them Rhett of 
South Carolma, openly avowed dieunion; and John 
P, Hale had ao far joined in the movement as to 
crack his jokes with Rhett and other Eecessionisls 
Vor himself, he was in great distress when he 
heard that the Compromise measures had failed 
He was at Meredith, and told the people he wanted 
to die if the Union was to he dissolvcd—nn.l dis- 
solve it must, if the Compromise measures did not 

The General then introduced Mr. Webster to 
the attention of his audience. He had been charged 
with going for Mr. Webster. The fact was, he 
bad always been opposed to that man. and his fa 
ther at one time like to have lost his office cf sheriff 
by him. In company with others ho received an 
invitoiion to dine with Mr. Wclwter at Fmnklin- 
His father often usfd to entertiiin Whigsat dinner 
Much h.ici heen written as to what he said on that 
occasion, "i will tell what I did say," said Gene 
ralP,: "1 said to Mr. Webster, we never have 
agreed before, and we never may again. We 
agree upon the Compromise question, and let us 
make the most of it." He declared that there had 
been much silly lying about this matter; but omit- 
ted to state that the Boston Post, or its correspon- 
dent, who was present at the dinner, was responsi- 
ble lor it. He declared that Mr. Webster and Mr. 
Clay were sincere in their efTnrts to save the Union. 
Mr. Clay was dyin^ ; and if he had been as sin 
cere in every act ol his life as in the part he had 
taken in the Compromise measures, he would re- 
ceive Irom the great Judge, what we all so much 
approval, "VVell done, good and faith- 



fuls 



iriffi 



rlatnalions in regard to 
iKiuncing the faci that in 
command and the Pal 
:ether on the field of bat- 
omproinisc 



man. "When Mr. Atwood,"said be, "talks about 
my being engaged in politics, and connected with 
the clique, and managing and planning for them 
ys what he knows to be false." H.; alluded tc 



Mr. Atwood's i 
he took very 
wood being c^ 
when consul 
go after him 
Mr. Atwood ■ 
advised Mr. , 



dared that 
■olMr.At 
rd, havmg, 



Qt and 



be what 



approved of. 



ilki. 



judg- 
Piercc 



(Fi 

- of the Manch 



g aboui 
violent denunciation ol the ed 

ter Democrat, Mr. Atwood, and his opponents in 
general, which, from his excited state of mind, 
was entitled to about as much consideration as the 
frantic declarations of one in a passion; and finally 
closed with a nalheiic appeal to our people to sus- 
tain the glorious Union. 

This meeling, though great efforts had been 
made, and a large number of persons collected 
from other towns, utterly failed to accomplish the 
object aimed at by the leader of the Concord Re 
gency. Only three or four attempts were made to 
get up an applause for the speaker, and each at- 
tempt failed of reaching any thing like enthusi- 
asm. It hardly need be added that these indica- 
tions were made chiefly by persons from Manches- 
ter, Nashua, and the parly leaders from one or two 



Ya» it was 

speaker labored hard for 
his usual routine of niak 
with his finger, shakiii? U- 
teringcorapliiii' :i - "i., , 



vide 



cgarti 



ould b? made to 



that the 
and went through 
grimaces, pointing 
ts, addressing flat- 
> l<= present, together 
pious feeling, and 
I the initiated were 
ir:s3 of the audience 



the 1 

mett^. rrg-iment stood 

tic,'' the Gcrer.".! again took up the 

measures, saying toat the North got the Kernel .in< 

the South the shell. Ho repeated what Mr. Aye 

had stated before, "that the present Fugitive Slav 

law, about which so much noise is made, kos tn n 

jiartic-aluT different from the law of 179:i, v,ul. 

Here Mr. Foes said, that without interruptin 
Ihespe-iker, he wished to make an inquiry: "U i 
no particular different, why was it necessary t 
pass the present law.'" 

General P. replied that the old law could not be i ^T"".'," "",:"'",„ ,,,„ „„„„,„ „, ,. c, . t^ 
executed because its execution depended on the l,'.'.'",,;:!!^,",",? '° '"^.P"=.°P''' of toe State. The 
Stale courts. He also said something which was I 
nut fully understood about the law of 1793, as based ' 
partly on the cummon law. j 

He was then asked, "Wag either the law of '9.3, | 
law, founded in any degree upon i 



manliest dissatisfaction was 
gated faces of those who had 
.get it up. 

iderstood, both by the Hunk- 
f Mr. Atwood, that an effort 
nd forth an ear^rfssiOTi from 



Gm Pierce. — " I can't go into a d 
upon the common law." 

The inquiry was then made, " Do y 
the features of the Fugitive Slave law ae 



Gen. Pierce —••IVell, if I must answer. No, I 
do not. 1 have been asked if I liked this Fugitive Slave 
law. I answered no. I have a most revolting feeling 
at tlie Hiving up of a sliive; the f\igilive Slave laia is 
opposed to humanity. [Ntrt someone inquired, *fsit 
not oppoaid to righlT] Yes, it i.s cppased to moral 
right. But our latheis made the compact, and we 
niuil fulfil it. I say nothiog of the humanity of it, 
nothing of the right of it " 

Gen. P. then gave a vivid description of the 
eoenes that would occur if the law was disregard 
ed First, a party i.f twenty armed men would 
cross the Pennsylvania line to recover fugitive 
slaves ; twenty would meet them to defend the 
Elives. Then live hundred would come, to be met 



that resolutioci 
ill. the hands of some one ot'the leading Hunkers 
in this town, to be presented to the meeting il the 
inilications were favorable. Every one who un- 
derstands the tact and policy of tfc leading spirit 
on this occasion, knows that he, of all others, felt 
that it was important that the voice of New Boston 
should go forth from this meeling speaking in loud 
and unmistakable tones in favor of himself and his 
party, and in opposition to Mr. Atwood; and yet, 
in view of all these facts, his fiiends dared not 
hazard an expression of opinion, lest the citizens of 
New Boston should (as they would have done) 
have insisted thatthe "outsiders'" hi- excluded from 
voting. The whole gist of the nuelins- therefore 
failed. Notwithstanding the Hunker newspaper 
assertions to the contrary. New Boston isjust where 
she was last ftlarch — strong in her support of John 
Atwood, and utterly opposed to the dictation and 
intrigue of the Concord Regency. 

An Old Fashioned Dbmocbat. 



blaze of every battle," 

After this he commenced speakinj upon the Fo- 
giiivo Slave law. He said Ihit it diflVred in r.o 
important particular from the la>v ol 1793. A 
clergyman who was present said, thai is ihe invi. 
tation had been given, he would like tn make an 
~ 1 regard the .'i ,.uin 



a single exception, he "had led his command In 
the blaze of every battle!" 

This information was precisely what was needed. 
No olSrial account having been rendered of thtse 

deeds of bravery, we might remain in ignorance little to do v.ith polilic.'f, and his f 
of theui, if General Pierce had not iqnparted the blamed him at Concord because he took so litth 
needed information There certainly are two facts interest in them. He omitted, however, to slat, 
in the General's history that have not often occur- ih.-it he wrote to the Rev. D. F. Richard-on on ;«> 
red to the great captains, of either ancient or mod- iifical matters last winter— that he was in the habi 
em times: of appearing before the legislative committees ai 

he agent of the Concord and other railroad corpo 
alions.and even went before the House at the last 
Tl^ speake,- now took up the subject of slavery. He 1 l'''^"" '" \tfLt Z%'^U^l\Zl^fJ}T'^^°"'' 
a it was the greatest treble of the country, and was P^,?.^""!'^/' „," '? "01.^",!. "f fl f™™^?"^, 

e„,r .....human b,rng m bondage without. f»hng ; .^^^ j^ ^„ ,,^„„^ friendship for M?. Atwood which 
drew him into the affair of last winter. He had 
been active in getting Mr. Atwood appointed Slate 
Treasurer, (!) signed his bonds and procured oth- 
ers to do the same. He went at some length into an 
explanation of his relations to Mr. Atwood, in 
which he represented himself to have been the 
most harmless and Christian-like man in the 
Id — and Mr. Atwood any thing but an honest 



J Slav 



! consist! 



Kugl- 



General Pierce i 
answer the question, J say n., ,■.■ been 

asked if I liked this Fugitn, ^,ew;rtd 

no, I loathed it. I have a mo-l ■ ^ i.....ui^.f, j..lingut 
the giving up of a slave; the law is op/iuud to hu 
inanity." 

Here Mr. Foss inquired, "If it was not opposed 
to right as well as humanity.'" General Pierce 
replied, "Yes, it is opposed to moral right " 

The above is the substance of General Pierce's 
remarks upon the Fugitive Slave law. The quo- 
tation marks include the very lanirua.-je used by 
the General, as taken down at the "lime i! was ut- 
tered. 

From the Manchester (iV. H) Union Democrat, 
January 7, l^-.'2. 

DEiviocRATic meetIn!; I W -<■'.■. i--srON 

At the earnest request <>1 ;i I 1' ,,; itje 

people of New Boston, Gn.. : ' !-. red a 

political address in that i-.-. ! ■ 1 last 

week. Notwithstanding tli. ■ - been 

entirely dest.-oyed by toe 11 ■ ■ > , .ding 

days 



found : 



in the village, whicf 
ig was called to orde 
was very ably ai-dter 
:iB of an hour by li 

He spoke of the ori . 



;poli 



tly- 



of this 
1 pur- 



alluded to 



and prosperity of ou 
of national greatneei 



At the meeting appointed at New Boston Cent 



of January 2d, by General 
1 number* and before three motiths FranUliu P.erce, to address the citizens of that 
rmy of 500,000 would be in the town in regard to the dilfioulties between himself 
£eldj gnd Vti« ^om^ v/oulcl be m likely to plant | and a portion of tbe Democrats of that section, be I 



by I 



the Abolii 
cated the National and Sia 
cratic part}'. Hewasfollov 
who spoke with great power and eloquenet. for 
two hours and a half 

It gave him great satisfaction, he siid, to ad 
dress so large an audience in his native county. 
He saw around him many of the friends of his 
lather, and the familiar laces of those who were 
his own more intimate friends in the earlier portion 
of his life. He spoke of tbe changes which time 
had produced, even the short period which had 
nee the adoption of the American Consli- 
' ■ ' progress 

the ad- 
mirable 8y.^ie:ii of government adopted by tbo 
fatbers'ol i;.- i-! 1 . M , He s^-oke of the difficul , 
lies ati..i; . .Moll of the Constitution. 

With no ; ■! uU-, and with some. diBS", 

cordant t '-^ ::i^ i* ::'riuonize, the labor and 
anxiety ot the coiivrr.iiiii was intense and painful. 
Slavery had been inlroduced inlo a portion of the 
States, in their coloniid condition, against the moral 
sense of lite whole world. Its immediate extiipation 
was manifestly impracticable; and the final adjust- 
ment of the question was not accomplished with- 
out many days and weeks of painlul apprehen- 
sions that the blood of a seven years' war might 
have been shed to no purpose, as lar as a Constitu- 
tional Union cf Ihe several States was concerned. 
The hopes of the convention centred upon the 
illustrious Franklin. He arose in his place, and 
said : " My friends, wc shall perhaps lose all. We 
have exhausted the wisdom of earth. Let us seek 
the aid of Heaven in prayer." A better feeling 
pervaded the convention, and our present adipirsi- 
ble form of Government woa the result. 

General Pierce paid a glowing and elcqueni 
tribute to the American Constitution. It has made 
us all we are as a nation, and he believed our only 
hope of continued prosperity, safety, strength, and 
glory depended upon a faithful adherence to its 
provisions and cheerful acquiescence in its re- 
quirements. He thought the Union had been in 
imminent peril, and believed that nothing but the 
Compromise measures could have saved it, at the 
time they were passed, under the then existing 
feeling in the two great geographical sections of 
the country. He alluded to the calumnies which 
have been circulated among small-fry politi- 
cians in relation to the Franklin dinner. Lan- 
guage had been ascribed to him which ho never 
uttered. He remembers no political expression 
made by him to Mr. Webster, except one to Ihe ef- 
fect that they had never agreed upon a political 
question before, and probably might never again. 

He then spoke of his personal agency in the At- 
wpod controversy, He had always been a friend 



THE SIGNAL, 



85 



lo Mr. Atn-ood, and nobody knows it bctler than hive avoided the 
that gentleman He used his influence, at the paying' a beaulifi: 
eug-gcslion of Colonel Monroe, to secure to Mr. character of Iht- 
Atwood the office of Stale Treasurer, »nd was on Ihroughout (heir I 
his bond, with several other prominent Democrats that, town, who si. 
of Concord, for .$200,000, for the whole time he own father in the 
held that office. He was Mr. Atwood'e friend at renmant of the r 
the time of his nomination for Governor; and it nnin among- the I 
was a« such that be advised him, through Colonel esq.. and Mr. Bern 



Gale, to stand clear of the angry controversy 
which was likely to arise in reference to the Com- 
promise questions— never doubting for a moment 
that, if he spoke at all, it would be to sustain them, 
in accordance with the resolutions of the conven 
lion from which he held his nomination Mr. At 



nip-h in which he now is. After 
tribute ef respect to thohi-jh! 
rrtpie of New BostJn as shown I 
■ Icrj; lo ihe noble patriots of; 
li shoulilrr to sho-jldei- beside bia 
liie lint tried men's souls; to the j 
'.tlolionary patriots who yet rc- 
ing-, the venerable Abner Ho^?. 
tt.hepassedonanddweltbri' II , 



upon the importance of the Compromise me! 
of the last Congress. He believed the Union 
not have survived Ihe overthrow of those mca 
When he heard of the defeat of what was called 



From lite Union, July 20, 1852. 

Manchester, July 15, 1862. 

Dbar Sib: I have just noticed in a late number 

of the Ripublic two communications taken from 

Ihe Manctieetcr Democrat, published here, and the 

'ndepenJint Dimocral, published at Concord, pur- 

p .--i I.,- In <-::— :, r~--':r\ (,f a speech mado by Gen- 

■ ■ ''■■ i . . ;i . Ml'.- I at New Boston. Nothing 

I ! 1 ii,l calumnious than the ac- 

!. ■ '..Mioral Pierce's remarks. 1 

--,". ■'- It.' iiK ding, with several others 

jty, and remember very distinctly the 



nerved, 1 '''■'" ""'' substance of his speech. This w.is the 



party with which he had 



Hut wh 



J crises the 
impending 
the people, 
the country 



long shortly afterwards, .-iruae thronghou 

and demanded that these measures should De en- 
A few days suhscquent a Uliig member of the , acted, and when their agents in Congress reversed 
convention informed General Pierce ol the White their former votes and passed the same m~-i-nr-r- 
C'trrcspondence and its character. He was totally seriafirn,^ fcelingof joy spread throopli ''' . ■.: 
incredulous, but his douhts were speedily removed try, and almost all fill that the Unitn 
by its appearance in the Independent D*fnocrai. One of those measures, the Fugitive .-^ ... I 
Many of the Democratic members of the conven- General P. declared, embraces no sinf;li j.rvirir:,- 
tii.n were in favor of shaking off Mr. Atwood at more obnoxious to the North Hum llie Fugilivc .Slai'C 
once. General Pierce threw his influence against luio if 1793, under which we have lived for more 
such a movement. The relations of friendliness than half a century. 

and confidence he had always sustained towards General Pierce then reviewed the course of Mr. 
Mr. Atwood not only justified but required his Atwood in relation lo the events of last year, giving 
friendly ofBces to avert ihe mischief which threat- a minute history of all the transactions with which 
ened alike the Democratic party and its nominee, he himself and Mr. Atwood vv-cre connected. There 
He sought an interview with Mr. Atwood. The never was a day, said he, when I was not a friend 
rtsull is known- No unfriendly word was uttered, of Mr. Atwood He was in favor of his appoint 
The second letter was prepared in a rough draft, inent as SiatnTreasurer.signed his bond for )j-200, 
partly by him and partly by Mr. Atwood. Gene 1100, and got others to sign it. He was his friend 
ral Pierce then left him to finish it as he pleased, throughout, while involved in the difficulties of 
with these parting words: "Mr. Atwood, write last winter. Heaided him all he could to cxtri- 
what commends itself to your judgment and your cate himself from the unfortunate position into 
conscience, and then stand by it." Mr. Atwood , which he had b(en misled. He did this, because 
followed him lo the door, shook him cordially by | he believed Mr Atwcd had been deceived and 
the hand, and rctn -.rked that he "should never ! misled- The second Mler of Mr. Aiwood, in 
iorget the kindness he (General P.) hod shown /A-hich he Ftit. -I iv,' h- rm-Irlrrrd ii ••W- ■ '^I'j'na 
him" They have r*l met since; but, as Mr. At- a patriot a';' . )- -;.:-l ' ■- • * ■' mpro- 

wood was traversing the State with an entirely inise mcafi.r , . i , i i iry 

different version "f "the affair. General Pierce felt act. Tli;-.i 1 .the 

bound, in justice to himself, to make this explana- ticn-^ ii -v ; i -. i. uid 



We are satisfied that no candid and fair-minded -.vili .. i ; 

man in Ihe State could have listened lo Ihe ad'iress ;,'.':- i- .; . 

of General Pierce without coming to the conclusion »v , , ,. ,,l. 

that his statements were all irwe; and that he has ,ot tier, l-'ie-cc. Hi 
i-een and still i.^ most foully wronged by the repro ' lished at iuil length 
scntalions of ih>; Abolition press. Mr. Alwood before our readers, 
knows that well ; and it is asad commentary upon He was interrnpli 
adily he lends him- who propounded v.) 



• , AlwoudsJiook hands 
, d, " I shall never foT- 
'' ■/) towards me. " 
M,ii afewof the remarks 
■ri will probably be pub 
^n it is, we shall lay it 



■if to the 



- purpose 






r:ldi 



From the Nashua (N. U ) Gazette, Jan. S, 1S52. ^^'j.",, ,„"' 

i:NTnus!A,-;Tic mketing of the demo- h,'.i',' ",' " 

aCRACV a i' NEW BOSTOIV. GE.NERVL ,,i ■ 
I^VlEUCE'S SPEECH. ,.,:; 

On Fri.l IV Ih-I there waea large and enthusiastic --'.ii' i." 
g«ther-ri - 'i 1 - 1) rnicracy at New Boston, to ni. . i t.eu. i 
listen t.. ., . , I- . , ,. It is well known that M-Boluiions 
Ur. i\t - i!i ill- a speech at New Bos- tin- meetme 

Inn, in . . asion lo assail General tory to G-^i; 

heing a ,.rt n. dM-i.dnr and general wire-culler, kind, no •• 
Being ihos attu. kcd in a town for whose Democ- No "Bill G 
racy General Pierce had always entertained the 

strongesi tV-cliiigs of regard, and attacked, too. by 

a man lor w^ioui he had Hitherto cherished trifnd- ^,„„ ,,,j jsinnchesler (N. 



several limes by Elder Poss, 
various questions lo liiin, which 
>tly answered lo _^he satisfaction 

certainly, however it may have 
r. This Mr. Foss is one of the 
IV Uoston.that is, in his own cs- 
i nil days previous to Ihe meet- 

1 :.':rcat splurge about what won- 
^ going to do at the meeting. 

. -re, had hfrn invited down lo 



appeared. 



. Genera 



Unii 



Democrat, 



upon I 



H.) 
January 14, 1852. 
pel j "He repealed what Mr. Ayer had statedJicfore— 
ts. ' I 'that the present Fugitive Slave law, about which 

, of New Boston, presided over so much noise is made, was in no particular dif- 
F. Ayer, esq., of Manchester, firtnt from the law of 1793, under which we hjid 
preceded Mr. Pierce in some appropriate remarks lived nearly sixty years." " 

upon the Compromise and the corporation legisla The above is an extra. I. Irjiu tlie New Boston 
" took up the speech of correspondence of tin- \!. . . Ii, ,.r\c.r,!t, ii'v 



epel Ihe- 



Fle 



The above i 
rrespondcnce of t! 
account of the sn 



1850 CO 
1 bod led 
and he r 



of the last session. 
Amos Tuck at ihe late Abolition Convention, 

which that g'eotleman openly advocated the aban- I own, on the 3d insi.u. ■ . '. 

donmerflof the individual liability principleas ap- ;3urh thing. He did .si. i: I . .. ■> 

pliiri to corporations. He showed, too, most con-Itained no provisions wuku v.d.. u.^t ci 
.diiaivr-ly, that a large proportion of the Atwood the law of '93 and in the coniiiiun law; 
reneuad'e representatives in the last House voted 1 pealed it two or three times in the same word;, EO 
for the passage ol nearly all the corporation bills ! that he was "tully understood" by everybody ex- 
of Ibalsessi&n. Among them were Manning of cept this corresporvdent. Elder Foss, alias "A 
l.yndeboro', Baxter and others. ; Voice," did inquire why it was necessary to pass 

General Pierce then occupied the attention of the present law. General Pierce replied : For the 
the audience for two hours and a half in one of the very good reason that the old law had been declar- 
most powerful and effective speeches we ever heard ed unconstitutional, inasmuch as it required a scr- 
hiin make. It was a most triumphant vindication vice of State officers which Ihey were not bound to 
of himself from the charges and attacks made by i perform. "^ Foicc" was heard very frequently 
Mr. Atwood, and th.- Abolition and Federal press, [during the meeting, but we apprehend it wjil nol 
Instead of being the enemy of Mr. Atwood, he | very soon tiouble Gt-neral Pierce again, 
proved to Ihe satisfaction of every candid mind [ It is equally untrue that Ihe Genera! used any 
itiHt he had been throughout the bestfriend hehad, Isuch language as is ascribed to him in Ihe Jnde- 
and that if he had listened to his advice he would ipendent Democrat. 



lar meeting of the last politic 
paign, and was held at the home of John Atwood, 
then the abolition candidate for governor General 
Pierce's speech was mainly devoted to a justifica- 
tion of the course pursued by himself and the 
Dr^mocratic party the year before, in rescinding 
7.1r. Atv.-o d'.-^ nomination for governor in conse- 

,' :■ '■ ..; li- , p" .-Rin to the Compromise mea- 

;.i : -I . .! his speech General Pierce 

. ■ ;i. I ;.; ;ivc Slave law, and made a 

•: i .,' ;,ii: f' I ! 11 o pport of it. It Is whoUv un- 
t- oe that h'-^ pronounced it contrary to "moral 
right;" but, on the contrary, in reply to a ques- 
tion proposed by an abolitionist present, he said 
Ihe present law was the same, in principle and 
substance, as that which had received the approval 
of Washington, and many others of the wi.-^estand 
purest among the founders of the Republic. He 
thought that fliese men were to be considered as 
moral, as conscientious, and as patriotic as those 
of the present day, who were, for political eff-ct, 
constantly storming about slavery, without being 
able to suggest any practicable plan lor its abo- 

The speech was throughout a thoroughly national 
speech, and produced a powerful effect. No full 
report of it was published, though a brief abstract 
of it appeared shortly after in the Uni'>n Democrat 
of this city. 

I remember seeing the reports copied by Ihe Re- 
public when they first appeared, and conversing 
in regard to them with several persons who heard 
General Pierce's speech. All agreed in pronounc- 
ing them a gross perversio-a and almost entire 
faLirication from beginning to enrl. Both reports 
were evidently written by the same individual, 
which accounts for their close similarity 

B.ith of the papers from which these coimmuni- 
cations are taken, are, as you well know, violent 
abolition journals, and have been unsparing in 
their hostility to General Pierce, and, indeed, all 
the promioeut mep-bers of the Democratic party 
i n t he Slate. One of Ihcm was started by the Abo- 
litionists some years since, as Ihe organ of John P. 
Hale and hii associates, and the other -R'as repu- 
diated by the Democratic party and turned ov< r lo 
the Abolilionists, on account of its opposition to 
the Compromise. When it is known how bitter 
and how frequent have, been the attacks made by 
these two journals upon General Pierce, on account 
of his open national course on the slavery question, 
every one will see, it ercma to me, how little 
confidence can be place 
the Hepitblic has seen fit 

liis course upu:. '.: ■< ' -.. ''■•■■ r<r along 
lime been a c 11" ; : '" : ;i..iiciatiou 

and abuse. 1 ■• ■ ' . \ . . ' 

spirit they hav.- -m;. ..i -..i : ■ . - lo 

first is from the /..liiyn-iiu/i! i.'c..».6-...',' u: 1-"; 
20,1351: 

"Ilia obvious to every intelligent man that for 
one offi^nce— opposition to slavery and the Fugitive 
Slave act— the decree of outlawry against Mr. At- 
wood has gone forth. For this he has been de- 
nounced, harassed, and brought to the block. For 
nothing else has Franklin Pierce-pursued him wiih 
the cruel hcarllessiiess of a famished tiger and the 
cunning malice of a demon." 

The next extract is iroin ihe same paper, of June 
24, 1852: 

'GenbTbai. Pierce on the Right of Petition.— 
The last National Era contains a carefully-collated 
history of General Pierce's Congressional career, 
.showing that through the whole nine years h9,_ 
served in the House and Senate, the right of peli 
lion — a right older than Magna CAar(n — had no 
bitterer oV more unrelenting opponent than the 
present Hunker Democratic candidate for Presi- 
dent of the United States. This is not news to us. 
It is not news to the people of New Hampshire, in 
whose memorie.s the history of th.ir degradation at 
Ihe hands of such men as Aihcrton, Pierce, and 
Burke is still fresh. They have not forgotten that 
those men earned for the State they misrepresent- 
ed the insulting and treasonable appellative of 'the 
South Carolina of the North,' than which it were 
difficult to find a name more significant of dis- 



. The 
uary 



86 



THE SIGNAL. 



grace and sham 

spent in dingre 
be found v.-hTch 
civil, rcligfioaa, 
tionB and all occasions his ecu 



• * In this catalogue 
In all the nine years" he 
thought, word, or act can 
the slightest regard for 
al liberty. On all ques- 
was one of entire 



and unqualified subserviency to t.hc South and to 
•lavery. Such it has been since ; nor, wc suppose, 
do he or his friends wish to deny this. On this 
ground mainly— of his devotion to the greatest 
wrong that curses the earth— was he first brought 
forward by the Virginia delegation, and after- 
wards endorsed by the whole Southern Democra- 
cy, as a proper standard-bearer of their principles. 
On this ground he and his friends expect to see 
him elected, if elected he shall be. which is very 
doubtful." 

The Manchester Democral of June 17, 1852, in 
an article entitled "The Hunker Democracy and 
their candidates," says : 

" The convention, in its numerous ballotings, 
exhibited Ibe same determination of the South to 
allow of the nomination of no man unless a noto- 
rious doughface of the most devoted and unques- 
tionable stripe, and an advocate of their most ultra 
pretensions. '• * * Thus the South clung to 
Buchanan, until, finding his nomination impossi- 
ble, and weaned by unsuccessful efforts, they led 
the way in a l.ody for Franklin Pierce, of New 
Hampshire, whom they well knew to be profoundly 
loyal to southern interests, from whom no word or 
vole in behalf of human rights has ever been re- 
corded — who had avowed his entire devotion to 
the Compromise, but who, in the absence of any 
avowal, could be better trusted by the slavehold 
ing interest than a majority of the candidates for 
whom it had voted." 

The above extracts accurately reflect the senti- 
ments entertained by the Abolitionists or Freesoil- 
ers of this State towards General Pierce, and fur- 
nish a complete refutation of all the absurd charges 
of abolitionism which the Republic, or any of its 
abolition allies, can manufacture or bring ag.iinst 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

B. F. AYER. 
Hon. H. HiBBAno. 

Manchester, N. H., July 15, 1S52. 
Deab Sib: 1 observe in the Republic of Tuesday 
la»t an article copied from the Abolition Democrat 
of this city, purporting to give an account of the 
speech of General Pierce at New Boston, in De 
cember last. I need not tell you that the account 
is a tissue of falsehootis from beginning to end; but 
as others, less familiar than yourself with New 
Hampshire politics and politicians, cannot be pro- 
su.aicd to have the same assurance, I enclose two 
or thr.e copies of the late emissions from the aholi- 
ticiti priss here, to show the estimation in which 
General Pierce is held by that faction at home. 

You will hear from us again, and speedily, in 

reierence to the New Boston meeting. * « « 

Very truly, yours, 

J. Jl. CAMPBELL. 
Hon. M. NoBsis. 

From the Boston Post, July 28, 1S52. 
The undersigned having had their attention 



tively in regard to ;l . .., . : ; i i, l^iJr^ 

qualification, a tissii- ; [ i - !, ,i ■ - i.- m,, ■ i.nin' 

to end. In whole ami in piri.in substance an 
detail, it is entirely and grossly false, and was s 
dt nounced by those of us who caw it at the lime c 
its original publication No one expression thfr 
imputed to General Pierce is correct, and most c 
I fabrications, without the Rlighles 



idowoft 

Jeneril Pierce's speech 



this 



caland dangerous. He showed that their objec. 
tioneto the present Fugitive Slave law applied with 
equal force to the act <.f 1733, and even the Consti- 
tution itself. The law of 1793, he said, had re- 
ceived the approval of Washington and many of 
the wisest and purest patriots among- the founders 
of our Republic; and he considered these men as 
moral, as virtuous, and aa conscientious as those 
noisy Abolitionists who were now trying to over- 
throw the institutions they have established. 

To us who are acquainted with the character of 
the warfare the Abolili»n organs of this State have 
been accustomed to wage against the Democratic 
parly, communications in their columns like the 
one above referred to occasion no surprise. Here 
they can deceive no one. But as a desperate at- 
tempt has been made abroad to prejudice General 
Pierce by reviving- some of their miserable false- 
hoods, we have deemed it no more than a simple 
act of justice to publish over our own signatures 
the foregoing declaration. 

July 24, 1852. 

[Signed by 111 names j 

From the Republic, July 29, 1852. 
AFFIDAVIT OF MR. FOSS. 

I, Andrew T. Foss, of Manchester, in the county 
of Hillsborough, and State of New Hampshire, de- 
pose and say, that on the 2d day of January, 1852, 
1 attended a political meeting at New Boston, in 
said county, which was addressed by General 
Franklin Pierce; that I went there for the purpose 
of reporting the speakers, and that the report of 
the speech of General Pierce, wherein he declares 
that he "loathed the Fugitive Slave law," &c , 
was furnished by me to the editor of the Manches- 
ter ZJemocrar; that the same was written out by 
me on the evening after the meeting from notes 
taken on the spot; and that the facts therein stated, 
as published in said Manchester ilemocroi. and also 
in the Independent Democrat, are true. I distinctly 
recollect that General Pierce said, among other 
things, (hat he had a "most revolting feeling at 
the giving up of a slave;" that he "loathed the 
Fugitive Slave law ;" and that the saine "was op- 
posed to humanity and moral right." 

A. T. FOSS. 
State of New Hampshire, 

Merrimac, ss., July 23, 1852. 

Personally appeared Andrew T- Foss, and made 
solemn oath that the above affidavit, by him sub- 
scribed, is true. Before me, 

JACOB S. HARVEY, J. P, 

Letter of Jl/r. Goodale. 
Manchester Democrat Office, 
July 2G, 1852. 
Editor of the Republic: 

Sib: I noticed in the Washington Union some 
days ago a statement that a report of the speech of 
General Pierce at New Boston, on the 2d of last 
January,,had been republished in your paper; and 
the Union, on the authority ^of Messrs. Norris, 
Peaslee, and Hibbard, pronour-.ced said report to be 
totally false, and the paper in which it appeared to 
be "infamous." 

As you have no knowledge of me, it will be pro- 
per for me to say that 1 am n Democrat— have 
ever been an opponent of the Whig party— and am 
opposed to the election of General Scoit. 1 state 
this that you may understand that I write to you 
solely to defend myself and maintain the truth. 

Until the passage ol the Compromise measures I 
was in full iellowsbipwith the Hunker Democracy, 
and bad a personal acquaintance with General 
Pierc.:. In common with a portion of the Demo- 
cratic parly, I opposed the Compromise, and in 
1851 supported Mr. Atwood, the ami Compromise 
candidate, for Governor. At that election the Com- 
promise Democratic condidate was defeated by the 
people by over 3,000 majority. 

In order to regain their power with the people. 
General Pierce and his friends, after the election, 
took especial pains to represent to the leading anti- 
Compromise Democrats that their feelings in re- 
gard to the inhumanity and wrongof the Fugitive 
Slave law did not differ in the least from those who 
had supported Mr. Atwood; but that, for the sake 
of the Union and thc'lulfilling the compact of the 
Constitution, they deemed it best toacquieece in it 

Aa the election for 1852 approached. General 
Pierce expressed a desire to address the citizens of 
New Boston, where .Vlr.A'wood resided, and which 
had given him a vote of 'i-ii to49for Dinsmore, the 
opposing candidate. Desirous to obtain a correct 
report of General Pieroe'.a remarks, I requested 
two gentlemen of intelligence and high character 
to report for me. They did so, and the report of 
the one which was published in the Democrat of 
January 8 was substantiated in every particular by 



the report of the othor. The accuracy of the report 
was not denied by a sin?lc pap»r until the recent 
manifesto of the Washington t'ni'.n. As the De- 
mocrat had not only the largest circulation in the 
city, but also in the county, it would have been 
folly to have published any other than a true re- 
port of a speccn which was listened to by hundreds. 
It is no trivial evidence of its accuracy that its cor- 
rectness was not questioned bv men of any party. 
It is an easy ra .tier at this late day to find parti- 
sans who, induced by hope of reward and by party 
prejudice, will stand ready to deny the truth of 
"■"'" ^ " ' ' " gh investigation be 

■ ■■ eryparticu 



made, and it will be substantiated i 
lar, and by testimony of such reliable ; 
character as to convince every cand 
this is called for in a suitable mant 



Whe 



Respectfully, yours. 



JOHN H. GOODALE. 



Lette, 



our c 






[illeagues, 



if Messrs. l\ick and Perkins. 

Washinoton, July 28, 1852. 
To the Editor of the Republic: 

The undersigned have rend the articles which 
have appeared in your paper on the subject of the 
remarks upon slavery alleged to have been made 
by General Franklin Pierce at New Boston, 
New Hampshire, in the month ol January last. 
With a view of shielding General Pierce from the 
responsibility of the remarks imputed to bim, our 
coUeaguesiti Congress, Messrs. Moses Nohris, jr., 
Chas. H. PEA6LEE,and HARnYHiDsAau, have pub- 
lished a letter intended to discredit the two newspa- 
pers in New Hampshire— Ihc Manchester Democrat 
and the Independent Democrat— in which a report of 
General Pierce's speech was published at the 
time. Their letter was published in the Republic 
of the 19th instant, and we call your attention to 
the following paragraph, contained in the same : 

" They (the Mancheiter Democrat and the Inde- 

• pendent Democrat) are kno%vn to us to be now, 
' and to have long been, avowedly and bitterly 

• opposed to the principles and organization of the 
' Democratic party generally, and particularly 
' vindictive and mendacious in regard to General 
' Pierce, before and since his nomination at Bal- 
' timore. Their character is such as to rei\der any 
' contradiction (/ their unfounded statements am un- 

• necessary labor, wherever their reputation is 

resolves, in- 
ic anti slave- 
ons, now attributed in 
to General Pierce or to 
nothing to say. But when 
of official communication, 
protect any man from what they consider 
a grave charge, by attempting to demolish the rep- 
utation, at the seat of Government, of two respRw- 
ablc newspapers in our Slate, and consequently 
the reputation of the conductors of those papers, 
we deem it our duty to indicate our own judgment 
in the premises. 

The wholesale charge of mendacity and infamy 
of reputation, wherever known, contained in the 
above extract, has astonished us, and will, we 
doubt not, astonieh all Ibe people of New Hamp- 
shire whose political animosity has not got the 
entire control of their understandings. If the 
above vilification of the fair character of Geoboe 
G. Fogg, esq , editor of the Independent Democrat, 
and ot John H. Goodale, esq , ediior of the Man- 
chester Democrat, had first appeared in any New 
Hampshire newspaper, we should not have thought 
any notice required from ua. But being made 
here, where Mr. FoG« and Mr. Goodale are t!ut 
little known, and in a semi-olficial manner, we 
think it demanded ol us to enter upon the record 
our denialof the justice of the charge made by our 
colleagues. That the papers in question have been 
" malignant," or " mendacious," or that "their 
character is such as to render any con»-adicliou 
of their statements an unnecessary labor, wher- 
ever their reputation is known," we deny as em- 
phatically and positively as our colleagues have 
made the charge; and for the decision of this is- 
sue wc appearto the sober-minded people of New 
Hampshiro. Political hostility and partisan dif- 
ferences of opinion may destroy the judgment of 
some men; but we have confidence that the great 
majority of the people of our State will form a just 
opinion, and condemn ll.e attack which our col- 
leagues have made. 

John H. Goodalb, esq , has always professed to 
be a Democrat, and through his paper has given 
efficient support to all the Democratic nominations 
for the Presidency since 1840, and has always had 
at the head of his columns the names oftheDemo- 
cratic nominees for Congress, including the names 



THE SIGNAL. 



87 



ofourco 
pv In If 
Van Bo 



allies, for the seats which Ihey now occu- 
i be raadc ne sf irited a <ighi against John 
», Hbnbt B Stantos, and many olher 
preeent aunporters ol General Pikkse, as 
- one in our Stale. He has, for a year pi^i 
s, been in a controversy with his lite De- 
ic brethren. Our colleagpues say. in a part 
r letter not pilblishod abov;-, that his paper 
)g- been an nlxiliiion organ. We are not 
that Mr. GoonALE has advocated any s'-nti- 
on the topic of slavery, since his 



From Ihf. Republic. i 

GEN. PIERCE'S VOTES ON HARBOR AND i 

RIVER IMPROVEMENTS. ; 

To the Edi iOT(if the Rt-puWc: | 

Sib: I have recently seen in a western paper an | 
article taken from the New Orleans Delta, in which I 
the editor of that paper undertakes to vindicate ' 
General Pierce's vote againat the River and Har- 



.. _ _,i acknoaledged org-an of the De- U,^i. j^m ^^^ ^^^^ seaaion of Congress of 1S36 Thi 

mocraey. different from what he advocated before. .., ,, vindication rests upon the charge that the 
We !5elieve he possesses a fair reputation wherever | =°""' - 



knc 



stroy. ^ , I 

We are still more surprised at the attempt of 
our eoUeag-ues to brand with discredit the reputa- 
tion of Geobge G. Focg, esq., the editor of the 
Inilepmdent Democrnt. Mr. FooG was brought up 
a Democrat, and ardently supported Mr. Polk in 
1844 He disbelieved in the policy, or constitution- 
ality, of the annexation of Texas, in the necessity 
of the Mexican war, and in the general legislation 
of the last few years in regard to slavery. Con- 
sequently be is not, and has not been for years, a 
Democrat, in the present acceptation of that term. 
But he is a gentleman of superior scholarship, ed 
ucation, and talents; has been Secretary of Slate 
of New Hampshire, and for a long time a success- 
ful editor of the paper which he now controls. He 
lives in the fame town with General Piebce and 
General Peasi,ee. and in that town, and out of it, 
and throughout the State, possesscea reputation as 
far above reproach of every kind as any man in 
the State. 

We flay, without fear of contradiction, that 



Jcnflral Pierce st 


ands as unimpeachable in mor 


la and integrity a 


s does G EORQE G. Fogo, he pos- 


eases a rcputatio 


1 against which "mendacity' 


nd "malignity" 


ire fated to throw only harmless 


weapons. 




Respectfully, 




JARED PERKINS. 



bill contained appropriations " for vast amounts, 
in the aggregate, to insignificant objects, as wit- 
ness a few of the items." He enumerates seven, 
and says, "and so on with five hundred othrr 
creeks that are laid down on no map, are only 
known to school-byys under fourteen years of 
age, who resort to them to catch small perch." 
Surely the editor of the Delta/ader havingover- 
hauled the journals, must have learned the locality 
olthe creeks, harbors, and rivers, for which those 
approuriations were made. If not, I would sug 
gest that some "school-boy under fourteen take 
the place of the Delta man, and inform the readers 
of that sheet where these important places are to 
bef.mnd. I append an extract from {be Deltii b 
article enuinerating some of the "msignihoant 
objects" to which that journal specially obKCts: 

"The bill of 1S36 granted, to be sure, S 110,000 
to improve the Ohio and Misaissippi— streams that 
drain half the Union-but at the same time it ap- 
propriated oneAu)«i'«d thousand doi/ars to a single 
stream within the confines of a single Slate, (the 
Hudson.) and vast amounts, in the aggregate, to 
I few of the Hems: 



For improving the navigation of Black river— «>« 
"rt^h'e-y^Ifl-^^S $7,600 00 

:: :: ]^\\:v:::::::::.v.:: IIV^ 

" " 133-2 S.OOOOO 

.. " 1833 2,40000 

.. .. 1834 6.000 00 

" 1S35 4.400 00 

" 1836 6.660 00 

.. 1837 6,410 00 

" 1838 5,000 00 

$■63,204 77 
For removing obstructions at the mouth of Grand 

river— no( -crfek"— Ohio — 

In the year 1825 *'2S1^2^ 

<< .. 1826 6 620 00 

.. ■. 1,828 9 135 11 

.. " 1830 6,663 18 

.. 1831 6.68000 

,. .. 1832 2,600 00 

" 1834 10.01.0 00 

" " 1836 600000 

<■ 1838 10 000 00 

" 1844'.".'.'. 10000 00 

$65,698 29 
improving the navigation of Cunningham 



,$12,600 
,...4,400 
..,15.000 



General Pierce's Bicgbaphy.— Gen. Piei 
eastern triends have got up a life of him, and, the 
materials being exceedingly ecanty, they have 
added to the volume the lives of several of hia re- 
lations, the Democratic platform, and various othe 
matters of voat importunce. Probably the mos 
intereaticg matter related in the volume, which 
courists ol about a hundred pages, is the follow 
ing. The reader will please bear in mind that the 
" Old General Pierce" spoken of was Frank's fa 
iher: 

" Old General Pierce was no Echolar. He had 

devoted his life to deeds, and not to hooka; and it 

is Sitid that while he was sitting by the kitchen fire 

one night, writmg his annual message to the L^-- 

^gislature, he came to a full stop on one word Ik 

*^cuuld not possibly spell. After rallying all hie 

own literary forces, and mar.oiuvring them as 

" skilfully as he could, he was obliged to draw off 

and a|SK lor quariora. 'Frank,' said he to his 

son. sitting n.ar- l.y, • how the devil do you spell 

tnU?' Frank had been through college, and he 



insignificantohjects, 
Sodus Bay 

River Rnisin..!... 

Black Greek, Ohio » »"" 

Grand Creek, Ohio 6.™0 

Cunningham Creek -^.^Tb 

Conncaut Creek 3,oOO 

That the people may determine the importanc 

of the appropriations for the identical objecf 

lected by the /)ei(o as insig; " 

justifying G ' ■"" '= 

the appropria 

of y 

byGi 



1826.. 
1828.. 
1,829.. 
1832.. 
1833.. 
1836.. 
1837.. 
1838.. 



ft 2, 000 00 
1.517 76 
2,956 00 
1,600 00 
600 00 
1.307 S6 
5 Oi'O 00 
5,000 00 



g; 19 781 12 
For improving the navigation of Conneaut creek, 



Ohio 

In the year 1S29 

" 1830 

" 1831 

" 1832 



very suon 



■ipwi the General nut ol his dilemii 



■ said Fi 
wurds,' rcplic.l H 
fully; but wli. >. I 
that without looU 



little 



So 



IC Dt 



lege, coul 
He evideii 
profilalily 
lor tlie ma 
boy who . 
his pocket 



who c 



naay 



• Be hanged to the 

an, 'they" bother me dread- 1 

.1, 1 c.uri.- to Constitution, I can spell 

looUmg into a book.' " 

intrciatic nominee, when he left col- 

■ pcll •■ t>ot" for his poor old father 
spent his lour years in college very 

tVh.Lt p4,litic.il honors can be too lofty 

a total stranger to him, who emptied 

■ twenty five cents for the purchase of 
hoi.l library in hia native town, and 
d did spell •'but" when he was only 

of college '.—Louisville Journal. 



, and as fully 

Pierce's vote, 1 would refer to 

lade by Congress for a series 

those identical objects, and approved 

acks'in repeatedly, and at different 

es by Mr. Van Buren. I will give you the ap- 

propriaiions in the orilcr mentioned in the ijf((a, 
and as furnished by J. J. Abcrt, Colonel Corps of 
Topographical Engineers, in his report made in 
conformity with a resolution ol the Senate passed 
in Dicenibir, 1846, showing 'the appropriations, 
J r , < I h-ii , :;>-'n and repair of roads, and for the 
,1, I ,, , , , .irbora and rivers in the United 

.,, ,' ,. !; i.orts of Committees, lat seseion, 

■iOii, 1 ,,,.,: 1 -, > .'1. 4, Report No. 741. 
l-'u. iiiiuru. 11. g Uic entrance into Big Sodus Bay, 
iNew York- 

In the year 1829 $12,500 00 

.. .' 1830 15,280 00 

« 1831 17,450 00 

" l.s3i 17.000 00 

.. 1833..- 15,00000 

" 1834 15.000 

.< is-jo 11 790 on 



1837. 
1838. 
1844. 



#7,600 00 
6.135 65 
6 370 00 
7,800 00 
2,500 00 



, capecially of Ohic 



847.805 00 
ill the people of the United 
• and other Western Stites, 



itbe 



dicaled by the Delia for his oppos 
Iliv-er and Harbor bill ol 1S36? 

Let the records he searched, and hia hoalilityto 
the improvement of our rivers and harborewUlbe 
fully exposed, and none can i 



AMERICUS. 



Washingtos, July 22, 1862 



.e^.c. 



General Scott.— The Lynchburg Kepublicai 
lakes us to i;<stc for "inconsistency" because wi 
n.Ar declare Goneral Scott worthy oi southern con 
fidcnce, wbcrea= we formerly regarded with euspi 
cion the friendship manifested for hiin by thi 
Sewardites. Our I,ynchburg contemporary does 
not choose to remumlier that since the period 
which he refers G-neral Scott has placed himself 
upon ilu^C.improinH'-, and thereby proved that h 
his no sympathy with theenemieaot that measure 
It is true they art- a ill willing to support him, an 
so do the Van Burens ami the Atwojds support 
Gencr.il Pierce. If the friendship of Freesoilers 
under such circum.stancea proves that Scott is 
sound, the same logic ilemonstratea that Pierce is 
rotten.— WicA.nond Republican. 



1836.. 
1837.. 
1838.. 

1844.. 



For the preservation 
Massachusetts— 
In the year 1826 
" 1831 



$143,620 
jf the harbor of Provincetown 



1834. 
1835. 
1836. 



4.600 00 
4,.ltl0 00 
4 400 00 



From the Philadelphia NiWt. 
Is .Scott a StatesinauJ 

Such is the question bellowed out by 
cofoco press in the country, 
canting hypocrites are w( 
askinga question which none bu 

is io-norant of the history of li.o ■" j, .-- — - 

ask serioualy. But still they bawl on aa loud as 
" la Scott a Btatesman ?" 
e more answer this query by re.erring 
,ua inquirers after truth to the history of 
,; Slates. They will find some evilences 
,,ordcd that he has performed cml ser- 
1 . . I, , o have won him the title of statesman. 
L i .. - III liut read the order drawn up by him and 
published immediately after the capture ol Mex- 
ico, and they will find in it conclusive evidence of 
hia legal and administrative abilities. Without 
that oFder, it has been well observed by Mansfield, 
discipline could not have been maintained in the 
army, the inhabitants of Mexico could not have 
been conciliated, and consequently the campaign 
would have failed, for the sole ohject of the cam- 
paign was to make peace. General Scot' -" 
■ lawyc 



very Lo- 

lat thesa 
iware that they are 
tipleton, who 



For improving the harbor 
Raisin, Michigan— 

In the year l,b3,i 

■' 1836 

" 1837 

" 1838 

" 1844 



orde 



.$30,000 00! 
. 15,000 00 ! Usp, 
. 30,000 00 ! it is p 
. 15,000 00 Pierce 



.„., .h"e reader will see that this 
p with an accurate knowledge of 
pies bearing upon the caae, and the best 
mean3"of administering justice, where civil law 
cannot be appealed to. It is one ol the best legal 
documents ever issued by any lunctiouary of the 
Executive Government. ^ 



iTABLE.— The Louisville ./ournof says tl 
cctly evident from one fact that Gene 
dreadfully unpalatable to the Deinocra 

20,000 00 I Every Democrat that has swallowed him ha" - 

Bince looked as ugly in the fa 

10,000 00 1 lowed a bad egg. 



if he had f 



THK SIGNAL 



THE SIGNAL. 



CITY OP WASHINGTON, AUG. 7, 18; 
WHIG NOMINATIONS. 

FOR PRESIDENT, 

W[NFIELD SCOTT, 

Of New Jersey. 
FOR VICE PRESIDENT, 

WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, 

Of Norih Carolina. 



THE. NIAGARA CELEBRATION. 

The immense gathering at Niagara 
Falls, in honor of the hero of Lundy's 
Lane, will exercise an influence in every 
portion of the Union. As a political 
demonstration, it was strong, not only in 
numbers but in unity of feeling, in bar 
mony of sentiment, and in the deep en 
thusiasm which prevailed throughout the 
proceedings. The strangers present have 
been variously estimated at from thirty 
to forty thousand, including delegations 
from Kenlucky, Maryland, Indiana, Il- 
linois, Wisconsin, Michigan, as well as 
large bodies from Ohio and New Eng- 
land. Amongst these, soldiers of tlie 
war of 1812, and of the Mexican war, 
were represented in considerable force. 
Many of them have hitherto been demo- 
crats, but the nomination of General 
■Scott breaks their old party ties, and 
rallies them to fight once more under the 
banner of their victorious leader. 

Brilliant as this great jubilee is admit- 
ted to have been, we should attach little 
importance to it, if it possessed no other 
characteristics than those of military dis- 
play or of an ordinary political meeting. 
But its significance is broader and deeper. 
It is the ratification by the people of the 
choice made by the Baltimore Conven- 
tion; and indicating, as it does, the di- 
versified feelings and interests that are 
being brought together to sustain that 
nomination, it may be hailed as a fore- 
runner of the triumph that awaits the 
Whig parly in November next. 



THE CASE AGAIiXST GEN. PIERCE. 
For the convenience of our friends, we 
bring together in this number of llie Sig- 
nal the various statements and cnunter 
statements that have been made in rela- 
tion to General Pierce'.s, attitude on the 
slavery question, as assunied in his sjieech 
at New l^oston in .lanuary last. Our ob- 



ject is to present, in a compact form, all 
that is necessary to a thorough understand- 
ing of the points in controversy, and the 
weight to which they are respectively en- 
titled. 

We give, firstly, the original' reports of 
the Manchester Democrat, and the Inde- 
pendent Democrat, which concur in attrib- 
uting to General Pierce sentiments of 
hostility to the institution of slavery, and 
to the Fugitive Slave law. 

Secondly, there are the accounts of the 
same meeting published by the Manches- 
ter Union Democrat and the Nashua Ga- 
zette, both being then and now favorable 
to General Pierce. These reports do not 
embody the orecise expressions employed 
by the reporters of the Manchester Demo- 
crat and the Independent Democrat; but 
then it is admitted that the speech occu- 
pied two hours and a half, and that the 
pro-PiERCE reports are merely abstracts. 
While, however, the reports of the Umo7i 
Democrat and the Nashua Gazette do not 
correspond literally with those of their 
contemporaries, they do not present any 
thing directly opposed to the«views which 
General Pierce is alleged to have uttered. 
For example, the Union Democrat, which 
is relied upon by the Pierce apologists, 
states, that the General spoke of slavery 
as having been introduced into the coun- 
try "against the moral sense of the world;" 
and t':je equally friendly Nashua Gazette 
represents General Pierce, while plead- 
ing for the Compromise, to have averred 
that the Fugitive law embraces an obnox- 
ious principle. 

Thirdly, we give an article from the 
Manchester Union Democrat of January 
14, being the only article that appeared 
at the time at all questioning the accuracy 
of the reports of the Manchester Demo- 
crat and the Union Democrat. It will be 
observed that this second statement of 
the Union Democrat does not contain a 
line Qalling in question words which ex- 
hibit General Pierce as hating slavery 
and "loathing" the Fugitive law. On 
the other hand, the sentiment- cited by 
the Union Democrat as erroneously re- 
ported, is not confined to the Manchester 
Democrat, but substantially appears also 
in the report of the Nashua Gazette, a 
Hunker journal. 

The above publications compose the con- 
temporaneous history of General PierceJs 
sayings at New Boston, and are all that 



can be made available to show how those 
sayings were interpreted at the time they 
were uttered. We submit that the re- 
ports issued by the Hunker journals are 
perfectly consistent with accuracy on the 
part of the reports of the Free-soil Dem.- 
ocrats; while the corrective statement of 
the Union Democrat — the only contra- 
dictory statement that has been produced 
— proves by its silence on the material 
issues that the accuracy of the obnoxious 
reports were originally admitted. 

To complete the case, we add the let- 
ters of Messrs. Campbell and Aver, 
which are in all respects inconclusive — 
the certificate prepared within the last 
few days, and signed by parties who fail 
to impeach specifically any of the im- 
portant allegations — the affidavit of Mr. 
Foss, who swears that the reports of the 
Manchester Democrat and the Independent 
Democrat are true — and, finally, the letter 
of Mr. GooDALE, editor of the Manchester 
Democrat, who explains causes calculated 
to induce General Pierce to speak as he 
is reported to have spoken, and challenges 
an investigation into the truthfulness of 
the report. 

As a not inappropriate supplement, we 
transfer from the Republic a letter written 
by Messrs. Tuck and Perkins, Repre- 
sentatives from New Hampshire, in vin- 
dication of the character of the editors of 
Manchester Democrat and the Independent 
Democrat. Messrs. Tuck and Perkins 
are, in fact, witnesses to the credibility of 
the journalists, whose columns bear testi- 
mony against General Pierce. 

We beg the reader to scan the matter 
closely in every part, to compare the dif- 
ferent reports, to balance the relative 
pretensions of the witnesses who now figure 
n the case, to estimate the directness and 
value of their respective testimony; and 
then to say honestly whether the direct 
evidence, and the known probabilities of 
the transaction, are or are not favorable to 
General Pierce. Looking at the whole 
case as coolly as we can, we are constrained 
to conclude that some seven months ago 
General Pierce did vAter the sentimejits 
attributed to him by the Freesoiljournalists 
of his neighborhood. In other words, we 
believe that the evidence now before the 
country proves, beyond doubt, that Gene- 
ral Pierce stands in a position diametrically 
opposed to the South on the qu'estion of 
slavery and the Fugitive Slave law. 



T H K SIGNAL. 



89 



It cannot be forgotten in this connexion, 
that General Pierce gives color to the 
belief that he "loathes" the Fugitive Slave 
law, by his evasion of the interrogatory 
designed to draw forth a pledge to uphold 
that law. 

THE NEW HAMPSHIRE DEMOCRACY 
ON THE SLAVERY aUESTION. 
In our last number we copied from the 
Republic an elaborate exposition of the 
views of the New Hampshire Democracy 
on the slavery question, as expressed 
through their local bodies and the votes 
of their Congressional representatives 
To anticipate the accusation that the 
statement as thus presented rests upon 
ex parte testimony, we now publish i 
lengthy quotation from the New Hamp 
shire Patriot, (Hunker Democrat,) from 
which it will be seen that the conclusions 
arrived at by the Republic are borne out 
by the unreserved avowals of General 
Pierce's home organ. 

We take what follows from an extra of 
the New Hampshire Patriot, issued in 
February, 1848, for the special purpose 
of proving that the party with whom 
General Pierce has always acted have 
uniformly been Free-soilers as well as 
Democrats: 



our sola 



the Dcmocraiic 



[party have heretofore done, thai NElTHEll SLA- 
VERY NOR INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE 
SHOULD HEREAFTER EXIST IN ANY 
TERRITORY which may be acquired by or annexed 
the United States; and that toe approve of the votes 
f our delegates in Congress in favor of the Wilmot 

''™lil Rocluiiglmm Councillor District Convention 
dopted the following: 

"Resolved, That we approve of the votes of our 

delegates in the last Congress on the Wilmot pro- 

iso, and we affirm the resolutions of our last State 

Convention on this subject." 

The Hillsborough Councillor District Conven- 

dopted the followirg 



'Resolved, That ' 



appri 



of the votes of our 



"Political parlies are to be judged by the acts 
and de^laiationa of their acknowledged organs, 
leaders, and representatives. The votes of mem- 
bers of the legislature, the speeches of leading 
men, the declarations of leading organs, and, more 
than all, the resolutions of the conventions of a 
party, are to be taken as true exponents of the 
principles of that party. To collect together atjd 
.spread before the people all that might be given of 
these evidences of the position of the Democratic 
parly upon the slavery question, would take more 
time and space than we can now devote to it; nor 
is it necessary. The latter alone are sufficient Ic 
show the true position and sentiments of the Dem- 
ocracy in relation to this subject. We will, there- 
fore, give the resolutions of the several Democratic 
Convenlions of this year upon tliis question, and 
we ask for them a candid perusal and careful con- 
sideration. Let the reader at the same time bear 
in mind that the Democracy are accused of hos- 
tility to the Wilmot proviso, and of being false to 
their professions in regard to slavery. 

The Democratic Slate Convention, held in No- 
vember last, tmanimovsly adopted the following re- 

Resolved, "That among the doctrines of the Dem- 
ocralic party, the most important is, an abiding 
adherence to the compromises of the Constitution, 
ae the anchor of safety to the Union itself— while 
at the same time none are more opposed than our- 
selves to the continuance or wider extension of 
slavery, and that we will oppose so great an evil 
to the progress of civilizntion and humanity when- 
ever a priiper occasion shall arrive, and by every 
measure- consistent with the Constitution and its 
compromises ; and that wo deem the imputation 
of our opponents on that subject too false to be 
vvorihy of re;;ard; too frivolous to be worthy of an- 
swer; too inconsistent, coming as they do iVam 
men who oppose the concession of an hour's respite 
from labor of our own white laborers of the Norlh, 
to rice to n point where they may be reached 
any other senliment than contempt. For we 



delegates in the 29th Congress in relation to the 
Wilmot proviso, and would^most emphatically re- 
affirm the resolutions of our legislature of last 
June, as embodying our opinions upon this sub- 

The Grafton and Coos Councillor District Con- 
vention adopted the following : 

"Resolved, That we are decidedly in favor of 
territorial indemnity to the full extent of our 
claims against Mexico, and of an adequate guar- 
anty against further outrages as proposed in_the 
late able and unanswerable message of our patri- 
otic President; that ICC m-e opposed to the extension 
of slavery over -((JUJ territory now acquired, or here- 
after to be acquired in Mexico — and fully approve 
of the Wilmot proviso, and the votes of our Sena- 
tors and Representatives in Congress, and th 
resolution of our late Democratic State Convention 
in favor of the same." ■ r>- 

The Democratic Convention in Senatorial Dis- 
trict No. 1 adopted the following ; 

''Resolved, That we view slavery to be an evd, 
and could wish that not a 'bondman' inhabited 
the earth— that all were free. But over the institu- 
of neighboring States we have only the con- 
trol and influence that they have over us, and 
the compromises of the Constitution must be held 
sacred— slrictly construed." . ^. . ^,. "„ 
Democratic Convention m District No. 2 
adopted the following : , , , 

"Resolved, That we approve of the principles of the 
Wilmot proviso, and regard slavery as a great moral 
evil. As such, we will use all honorable means 
consistent with the Constitution and its compro- 
mises to forward its extinction, &c." 

The Democratic Convention in District No. 3 
adopted the resolution of the Slate Convention, 
given above. . ,^. . 

The Democratic Convention in District No. 8 
adopted the following : , • , 

" Resolved, That slavery is a great moral, social, 
and political evil, and that the Democratic doctrine 
is to resist, by all proper and constitutional mea- 
sures, its further extension.''' 

The Democratic Convention in District No. 9 
adopted the following : 

" Resolved, That the institution of slavery is re- 
pugnant to Democratic principles; that we most 
sincerely and deeply lament the existence of thi 
nslilulion in our republic ; and while we ;o muc 



Carroll County Democratic Convention 
adopted the following resolution : 

" Resnhed, That we approve of the vote passe* 
at the Slate Convention relative to the Wilmot pro- 
viso, thereby to stop the further increase of that 
accursed institution, Negro Slavery." 

The Hillsborough County Convention adoptett 
the following: 

" Resolved, That we regret the existence of sla- 
very in our land. It is a moral evil entailed upon- 
us by our forefathers ; and we approve of the prin- 
ciples set forth in what is commonly denominated 
the Wilmot proviso." 

The Cheshire County Convention adopted the 
foUowine: : 

" 15. Resolved, That we approve the action of 
recent Democratic State Convention, wherein 
they declare it as 'the solemn convicUon of the 
Democratic party, that neither slavery nor involun- 
tary servitude should hereafter exist in any terri- 
tory which may be acquired by, or annexed to, 
the United States ; and that we approve of the 
votes of delegates in Congress in favor of the Wil- 
mot proviso.' Slavery is abhorrent to the first 
principles of Democracy, and we will oppose its 
further extension upon every proper occasion and 
in every legal manner. We will oppose it in no 
other way." , ^ , 

The Sullivan County Convention adopted the re- 
solution of Senatorial District No. 10, given above. 
The Merrimack County Convention adopted a 
resolution in favor of the acquisition of territory as 
indemnity, and then the following : 

" Resolved, That neither slavery nor irivohmtary 
servitude, except for the punishment of crime, ought 
ever to exist in any such territory.'" 

Comment on the above is wholly unnecessary. 
Here affe the declarations of sixteen conventions, 
includin" the State Convenlions, three Councilor 
Conventions, sewen Senatorial Convenlions, and 
live County Conventions ; the others passed no re- 
solution on this subject. And these resolutions 
stamp the whole course of the federal abolition 
parly, upon the point in question, as a base, delib- 
erate, unmitigated fraud. ' ' 



,.f lh( 



District No. 



deplore its existence, we 
Abolitionists as impolilir, ■ , i i. .•', an 

calculated bolh to perppm, :. ■: ' :. ;*'i° " 

increase the misery of thivi- II I ' !i^ \voals 
regard the pretensior.s of the Win- party upon th 
subject as a mere political manojuvre, &c." 

The Democratic Convi 
adopted the following : 

" Resolved, That we regard slavery as a great 
moral, social, and political evil, and we look for- 
ward with a patriot's hope to the day when the 
dark blotshall be wiped from our national escutch- 
eon, and in ihe mean lime we will use all consti- 
tutional and expedient means to promote the great 
ol,ject." 

The Democratic Convention in District No. 12 
adopted the following: 

" Resolred, That in the opinion of this conven 
lion, territory that may hereafter be annexed to 
this counlry ought to be free ; and that toe approve 
of the Wilmot provi',0, and of the support heretofore 
o-iven to it by our Senators and Rep 
Congress, and by our State Legislature, and the 
late Democratic Stale Convention. 



MiDDLETOWN, Ct., .fuly 26, IS.Va. 
To the Ed'itor of the Signal. 

Mr. Editor: The enclosed anecdote was shown 
to me to-day by my daughter. It was not got up 
for any political purpose, but was published some 
years since in a work which I purchased for our 
family library, entitled "Sabbath Day Miscellany." 
The youth, with such feelings of kindness and hu- 
manity as is therein pourtrayed, must make a good 
man, and accounts, in some measure, for the nu- 
merous acts of kindness and humanity related of 
him in after life. . , , ■ 

No one acquainted with his history can doubt his 
capacity and fitness for the first office m the gift ot 
his countrymen; and who, I would ask, can for a 
moment doubt his goodness of heart? I am fully 
satisfied, Mr. Editor, that he is the man, and be- 
lieve, if his life is spared, Winfield Scott will be 
our next President. 

A Subscriber to the Signal. 

A NOBLE YOUTH. 

The followiiK anecdote was related to a gentle- 
man during a night he spent in a farm house in 
Virginia, some f-w years ago ; 

In December, 17— , towards the close of a dreary 
day, a woman with an infant child v/ere discovered 
half buried in the snow, by a little Virginian seven 
years old. The lad was returning from school, 
and hearing the moans of some one in distress, 
threw dov/n his satchel of books, and repaired to 
the spot whence the sound proceeded, with a firm- 
ness becoming one of riper years. Raking the 
snow from the benumbed body of the mother, and 
using means to awaken her to asense of her de- 
plorable condition, the noble youth succeeded in 
getting her upon her feet; the infant, neslhng on 
its mother's breml, turned its eyes towards their 
youthful preserver, and smiled, as it seemed, in 
gratitude for its preservacioi 
■filled with hope^thegallnn 
" rcr c 

on tlie""sho'ulder"of her little conductor. "'My 
home is hard by," would he exclaim, as oft as her 



90 



THE SIGNAL 



spirits failed ; and thus for three miles did he cheer 
onward to a happy haven the mother and child, 
both of whom otherwise must have perished, had 
it not been for the humane feeling and persevarance 
of this noble youth. 

A warm fire and kind attention soon relieved the 
sufferer, who it appeared was in search of her 
husband, an emigrant from New Hampsliire, a 
recent purchaser of a farm in the neighborhood 

of , near this place. Diligent inquiry for 

several days found him; and, in five months after, 
the identical house in which we are now sitting 
was erected, and received the happy family. The 
child grew up to manhood — entered the army — lost 
a limb at New Orleans, but returned to end his 
days, a solace to the declining years of his aged 
parents. 

" Where arc they now?" I asked the narrator. 
"Here," exclaimed the son, "1 am the rescued 
one ; there is my mother, and here, imprinted on 
my naked arm, is the name of the noble youth, 
our preserver." I looked, and read " Winfield 
Scott." 



NEW HAMPSHIRE "YANKEE TRICKS." 
To the Editor of the Signal: 

Having been amused by the number of contra- 
dictory certificates respecting the pranks played 
among the Simon Pures, the "unterrified Democ- 
racy," I can come to no other conclusion, accord- 
ing to their own showing up of each other, than 
that a New Hampshire Democratic politician, as 
such, is a trickster, acting upon the adage "all is 
fair in politics." 

This seems to have been understood by "one 
who knows," if he did not see with his own eyes, 
in the description given by him, in an allegory, of 
the selection of their candidate by "the Democratic 
Convention" at Baltimore. In the Richmond 
Whig, of June ITth, is given, in turf parlance, a 
description of the "Trial Stakes won by Grani- 
cus," the "nom de guerre," as we take it, of the 
redoubtable General Pierce. From that account 
we make extracts as follows: "There was a mo- 
rass at the starting post, over which it was found 
necessary to erect 'a platform' — one at which the 
field snorted with disgust. It was supposed they 
would be obliged to run over it, or not start. It 
v;as constructed to incline to either side for the ben- 
efit of each nag as he should go over it. Those 
loho ran vpon it were knocked up. Granicus alone 
did not run upon it, it being known to his rider 
that he was apt to full down when in a tight place or 
]na lip; and, by most of the field, he was so little 
regarded that it had not been observed by his op- 
ponents that Granicus avoided the platform alto- 
gether. Thus he was enabled to run 'home' (we 
will suppose among the Abolitionists and Free- 
soilers) 'with his strength unimpaired. Since the 
race some have thought the platform was a snare 
for the opponents of Granicus." (Dues not the 
Scott letters, and no answer to the one addressed 
to General Pierce, look very much like it ?) In the 
account of the race, it would seem that Granicus 
won because "the tired nags had rnn each other com- 
pletely (ioton— all his competitors, that had been 
pushed forward, dead beat by their own rfforts,^' 
(those naughty Scott letters.; "Granicus first, 
the rest no where. All were amazed at the result, 
as if the whole field had lost. Not a shout could 
be raised. The poor beaten jades looked so weak 
all pitied them. Not one dared raise his crest 
alongside of Granicus. They might ad go to 
grass." 

"Granicus, by being kept out of sight," (shaded 
by his own obscurity,) "stole a march on the whole 
field, winning by a 'Yankee trick,' contrary to the 
intentions of the gallant Virginians — leaving the 
.shell to them on ihe Jonathan's getting the oyster," 
(or as General Pierce says, in his speech on the 
Compromise, "the kernel.") Some supposed it was 
merely the inleniion of his Virginia bai;kers to 
break down the favorites with GrniiicuB an a "con- 
federate" to "the Cavalier," (Hon. R. M.T. Hun- 
ter,) "and then to bring him forward to win the 
purse," (by beating Pierce.) 

On the 17th of June, the very day of the assem- 
bling of the Whig Convention, when this article 
was published, it could not be known at Richmond 
who was to be nominated as the Whig candidate, 
or whether he was to run upon the Whig platform; 



nor was it generally known there that there had 
been no visible platform in the Democratic Con 
vention until after the nomination of Gen. Pierce 
To this day it is not understood among the Free 
soilers and Wilmot proviso men that Gen. Pierce 
stands upon any platform of principles ; having 
it would seem, one set of opinions for the North 
and another for the South, like his prototype, 
larger theatre, the other " Northern man with 
Southern principles.'* 

We are inclined to believe tliat our Democratic 
friends have been surfeited with " Scott letters, 
and would gladly be refreshed with another "hasty 
plate of soup." 

All honest men would prefer their candidate to 
be, like Ctesar's wife, "above suspicion;" one 
whose character needs no prop by certificates. 

What do these New Hampshire certificatei 
amount'to ? (By the way, do not New Hampshire 
men, or other Yankees, write in tlie defence of 
General Pierce in Ihe Union ? 

A friend of General Pierce goes from New York 
to Concord, New Hampshire, to get certificates 
that General Pierce has been calumniated by the 
charges made against his character ; and obtains 
tv>o to that effect from persons represented to be of 
the " first respectability in New Hampshire, 
which we may the more readily believe, if, as stated, 
they " are Whigs,'— the one a tavern keeper, and 
the other a carriage-maker. They.state their be- 
lief that General Pierce is a gentleman. This is 
the substance and the extent of the certificates on 
this point. 

Then as to General Pierce's military services 
and valor many certificates have been published ; 
but not one, that we have seen, by an eye-witness 
of his deeds of noble daring. His martial fame 
rests upon General Scott's official report of his be- 
ing taken from the field of Cheruhu.sco on having 
fainted. But in justice to General Pierce, it may 
be added, we have not seen nor heard of any 
charge reflecting upon his courage, only that he 
was never under fire, and rendered no military ser- 

As to the credibility of the New Hampshire cer- 
tificates in respect to the charges made against 
General Pierce of espousing certain tenets of the 
Abolitionists, when attempting to bring them over 
to his .support, they are all made by gentlemen of 
the Democratic party — some, if not all " honorable 
men," and one n minister of the gospel; yet, 
by their own statements of each other, they are 
not to be believed on their oaths ; and, according 
to the " Union," no Democrat in New Hamp- 
shire is to be believed who does not certify exactly 
according to the political faith of the "Union." 
That paper would make Southern men believe that 
every Democratic certificate from New Hampshire 
that does not come up to its standard of.faith is 
" a Whig lie." 

Please explain this, Mr. Editor. Are the Dem- 
ocrats of New Hampshire wholly regardless of 
truth — when touching political matters.' 

AN INQUIRER AFTER TRUTH. 



AN ADDITIONAL REASON. 

The Hon. R. B. Cr.^nston, who voted for 
Mr. Weesetr in the Baltimore Cuiivenlion 
from first to last, says the convention was fair- 
ly conducted, and that, in his opinion, the 
friends of Mr. Webster and Mr. Fili^more 
are politically and morally bound by its nomi- 
nation; and he states the following additional 
reason for his choice between the two candi- 
dates: 

" I shall support General Scott, not merely be- 
cause he i3 the nominee of the Whig party, and 
because be is and always has been a Whig', but, 
independent of all party considerations, the ques- 
lion is between Winfield Scott and Franklin Pierce. 
I know both of the candidates personally, and 
have nothing to eay against General Pierce; but, 
on the contrary, I believe him to be an honorable 
man ; still I must say, and without derogating- 
from the character of General Pierce, that in my 
judgment General Scott is infinitely better quali- 
fied to administer the high and reeponaibie duties 
devolving on the President of the United States 
than his competitor. I therefore go for General 
Scott, not grudgingly, but most heartily." 



FURTHER TESTIMONY FROM NEW 
HAMPSHIRE. 

To show that the Concord and Manchester 
Democrats ara sustained in their version of 
General Pierce's speech at New Bo.«ton, W9 
append the comiBents of their local contempo- 
raries, as issued within the last few days. 
The papers we now quote from are opponents 
of General Pierce, but they are not, therefore, 
to be excluded from the witness-box on a ques- 
tion that must be settled by facts, not by gen- 
eral assertions or vulgar abuse. 

The Concord (N. H.) Statesman says: 

"The speech of General Pierce, at New Boston, 
in the month of January last, has recently been 
published at Washington, and seems to have 
created some stir there. B. F. Ayer, esq., of Man- 
chester, and Messrs. Norris, Peaslee.ahd Hibbard, 
members of Congress^ have severally, in certifi- 
cates which appear in the Washington i?ep«6Kc, 
endeavored to refute the presumption that the re- 
port of General Pierce's speech is correct. Mr. 
Ayer was the only one of the above gentlemen 
who was present in the meeting at New Boston, 
and he denies that such language was uttered. 

The speech was reported for the Manchester 
Democrat by a reporter specially engaged for the 
purpose; and there could at that time have been no 
sufficient motive for giving any other than a faith- 
ful transcript of the words uttered. Mr. Ayer was 
present to speak himself, and could not therefore 
be supposed to be in so favorable frame of mind for 
fixing his attention upon what may have been said 
by General Pierce, as one who went there for the 
sole purpose of reporting for a newspaper. There 
is noio a motive to allege that the speech was not 
correctly reported, but there was none then to in- 
duce a reporter to give any other than a faithful 
version of it." 

The Manchester (N. H.) Aiuriean and 
Messenger enters somewhat -more into detail, 
but with a result equally adverse to General 
Pierce and his apologists. 
It remarks : 

"We all recollect freshly and vividly the Atwood 
split, and all its details-how that reverend- turn- 
coat wrote three letters which agreed in no par- 
ticular—how he danced the polka from New Bos- 
ton to Concord, and from Concord to Manchcsler— 
how he fell into the den of lions (or asses) at the 
Manchester House, and came out rolling his eyes 
in holy horror at their wickedness— how he was 
reported to have intimated to Frank Pierce that he 
had a conscience, and how Frank, with a very 
lartarean expletive, informed him that Ihe intima- 
tion was absurd, since he had belonged to the 
Democratic party forty years— how Mr Atwood 
stumped the Slate, and gratified an infinite num- 
ber of elderly ladies by the sunvilas in mode of his 
address— how the election left him 'nowhere,' and 
how lie retired at last, like Cinrinnatus, to his 
plough. 

"We remember, also, how Frank Pierce, in Ihe 
dead of last winter, with a patrol of sheriffs, edi- 
tors, runners, and echoes, went over to New Bos- 
ton to bid for Freesoil votes. It was a touch-and- 
go meeting, and Frank performed with his usual 
button-hole tact. He patted Ihe New Bostonera 
on their backs, and told them that the man who 
built his father's chimney lived at one time in New 
Boston, and that ibcrefore he had a paternal re- 
gard for them. Among the other incidents of Ihe 
meeting, a clergyman arose and addressed to him 
some interrogatories. In Ihe course of his an- 

■3, the General leaned marvellously towards 
the Frcesoilers. The speech was carefully noted 

a at the time by a most estimable and correct 

/idual present, and published in the Manches- 
ter Democrat in full, and in the Independent Demo- 
ij in part. It is worthy of notice that not a 
gle Democratic paper in the State at the time 
denied Ihe correctness of the Freesoil portion of 
the speech, and that some of them published re- 

i in close agreement with it. It should also 
be remembered that the speech was successful, and 
gained about two hundred Freesoil votes! as can be 
shown by the returns of the votes. 

Well, five months elapsed, and Prank Pierce 

was nominated for the Presidency, as par excellence 

pro-slavery candidate ; and all the South, from 

the Potomac southward, sent up a shout. He was 

nended to them as all right, and the cam- 
paign was commenced furiously in all the South 
by the Democrats, they representiiig Pierce as by 
far safer than Scott on the Compromise. But sud- 
denly some of the southern papers discovered Ihe 



THE SIGNAL. 



91 



New Boston epeccb, and forthwith published i 



The 



I fell fro 



Ihci- 



eyes. 



the pap 



nply 



It is declared that 
the report of the speech si false. We obeerve that 
E.F. Aycr, €sq., (the gentleman to whom ward 
five, of this cily, has two or three times ^ivrn indi 
cations that he had better remnin in private life,) 
and our friend Campbell, the defender of the 
Tnmmcrcia! policy of England,' and the oppoaer 
of the system by which a large portion of his pa- 
trons obtain their bread, have addressed letters to 
Messrs. Ncrris, Hibbard, and Peaslee, denying- the 
report i"?i tola; and Messrs. Norris & Co. gave 
their preface, and enclosed them to the Washing- 
ton Union. The Union thinks the matter thereby 
settled. r>nd is in ecBtacies. 

"We have tvro questions to submit in connexion 
with the matter. First, if the report was false, 
why was it not denied at the time.' Second, can 
it for a moment be supposed that, after this lapse 
of time, the memory of men can be trusted before a 
rf^jort made at the lime >" 

From the Portsmouth {N . H..') Messenger — 
a Freesoil print — we derive the following, 
which tallies exactly with the explanation 
offered by every New Hampshire paper not 
committed to the Pierce interest: 

"General Pierce, in a speech inade at New Boa- 
ton, was reported to have said he loathed the Fu 
gitive Slave law. The remark was by no means 
an extraordinary one; for the speaker was attempt 
ing to draw votes from John Atwuod. and to giv* 
the impression that it was not on account ot his 
opposition to that odious law that Atwood was be- 
heided. The Hunker presses of Pierce's party did 
not then deny that be made use of such an expres- 
sion, as the elfect of it they believed would be sal- 
utary." 

Haviog mislaid the last number of the Con- 
cord (N. II.) Independent Democrat, we avail 
ourselves of the following paragraph, which we 
find attributed to that journal by the Boston 
Alias: 

**As we have received a large number of letters 
from southern men during the last fortnight, ask- 
ing inforinalion in regard to this matter, me take 
this occasion to say to one and all, that the lan- 
guage uitributed to General Pierce above was 
spnkcn b-j liim precisely as reported. This language 
was not only used at A^cu) £i)S(on, but also a.x, Brad- 
ford and other places in this State. Of this the 
proof is abundant, and will b« fr.rthcomiug, in 
a shape to defy cavil or denial. We have had no. 
agency in getting up the issue. And but for the 
charge ef misrepresentation made against us, we 

history vn I be set rislU." 

The history is tolerably " right" at present, 
but it will wear a new aspect when p'roof be 
adduced that tlie obnoxious language used by 
General Pierce at New Boston was also used 
by him at Bradford and other places in New 
Hampshire. That is the assertion now made 
by the Independent Democrat, with a promise 
that abundant evidence ghall be produced " in 
a shape to defy cavil or denial," 



ly forgetting 
lit endorsere for Gcne.al Pierce 
3ses Norrla) areas rank Free- 
of the journals they volunteer 



hope to 

happen to be Frcee 
that two <.f the prcse 
f H. Hibbard and M 

ilers as Ihe editors 

discredit. 

"Apart from these coneiderations, there is ano 
ther fact that goes far to convince us of the truth 
of the charges. There is no language charged to 
have been used by General Pierce, m the New 
Boston sDccch, at all incompatible with language 
mployed and used by him in his place in the 
Senate of the United Statrs. Nor is it incompati- 
ble with.thc language admitted by liis friends to 
have been used by him on the occasion, and re- 
ad at the time by one of his own organs, which 
gave a sketch of the speech. That report quotes 
language quite as strong against slavery as 
Freesoil organs have given him credit for, and 
shows that be advocated the carrying out of the 
Compromise in good faith— a fact th; 
never controverted or doubted. 



have 



the 



It h to be remembered that when the Gazetit 
and the ChronicU expressed these opinions 
they were not in possession of the affidavit ol 
Mr. Foss and the collateral evidence subse- 
quently elicited. They were unacquainted, 
Iso, with the inconlestihie proofs that have been 
collated during the last few days of the Free- 
soil proclivities of General Piiorce's neighbors 
and immediate allies. When the whole case 
obtains circulation in the South, the excite- 
ment which we are told already exists will be 
vastly strengthened. 



The .\ugusta (Ga.) Chronicle and Sentinel. 
whose course on the Whig nomination elicitecl 
frequent encomiums from the Democratic press, 
tnaUes the following remarks on General 
Pierce's New Boston speech: 

"Heretofore we have abstained from the publi- 
cation of the reports <j/ the speech ct Gener.d Pierce 
at New B jston, New JBsempshire, in January last,- 
contained in the Free Democrat and the Indepen- 
ihvl Drn.cr-n!, Mvo Democratic Freesoil papers of 
'-'■' • ' ■, '-(■ we desired to see what his 

(»■ ' ' 1 1 . ■ ) irienda would say in reply to 
I i. . . i . I we desired to do the Brigadier 

I.J . . i'l . 1 i ljii-;;.'ein the premises. The reply 
ot iiio iriei.ds l.iis been received; and no itnpiirlial 
man yaili say lliat it is at all satisfactory, or tliat it 
refutes the charge. General denials, in a cme ol 
this sort, will not do; ihcy must be specific and to 
the p.int. In this particular, the testimonyof Gin- 
tral J'lcrre-s friends is lamentably deficient. Thry 
hiiee enliiely failed to meet the issue, and have noi 
specially denied bitt a single fact. For the remain- 
ing charges, they prcler to rely upon general de- 
nials, and content themselves with denunciations 
of the authors of the reports. And they seem to 



"Finally we commend this whole subject 
calm and dispassionate consideration of the Whig! 
ot Georgia, especially those who have intimated 
an intention to support General Pierce as a sound- 
er man llian General Scott on the slavery question. 
Think of it. Think long and well before you cast 
such a vote." 

Another Georgia paper— the Washington 
Gazette — which had previously intimated a 
purpose to support General Pierce, reviews 
the subject at length, after citing the testimo- 
ny, pro and con, as far as it had been received, 
observes: 

" Such is the charge, and such the defence. The 
latter, it will be perceived, so far as the specific 
allegations are concerned, denies only a single ex 
pression attributed to General Pierce, viz; that th< 
Fugitive Slave law is 'opposed to moral right. 
As regards the balance of the allegations, iliesf 
certificates stop with a generql denunciation o: 
them as false, without denying them specifically 
or giving what General Pierce really did say. S( 
far as the whole denial is concerned, it is merely 
'word against word,' and can be satisfactory only 
upon the supposition that these Freessil editors 
cannot tell the truth. It is the scarce of the charge 
pon which they chiefly rely to prove its falsity. 
"Several questions here present themselves with 
great force. These certificates show that the al- 
leo-ed error in the newspaper reports of General 
Pierce's speech had been noticed and commented 
upon at the time of their publication. If false, 
why were they not corrected at the time by General 
Pierce or his friends? Why was so important a 
matter, embracing his opinions upon a question of 
vital moment to the country, allowed to go uncon- 
tradicted and even unnoticed up to the present 
day? These reports, alleged as false, were capital 
for General Pierce in New Hampshire. Why were 
they allowed to remain such until they came to 
the knowledge of the South, and ho become so 
deeply interested in their refutation? Why docs 
not General Pierce come out over his own signa- 
ture and deny these false statements, and give us 
what he did saj/ .' It would not be beneath the 
'dignity of his position' upon a question in which 
one half the Union holds so deep a slake. 

"Wc hope the South will look well to her inter 
ests and her safety in the coming election. The 
time.= deiuand ol her vigilance of her rights, and 
the closest scrutiny of the men to whom sheen 
trusts her fortunes We intend to be jusS, but 
shall bo insensible to all appeals for compromise 
this question. The man who gets our vot« 
must be oftowe suspicion. We repeat, we are sin- 
cerely desirous that General Pierce may relieve 
himself satisfactorily to the whole country from 
this imputation of having pandered to a spirit of vile 
and disorganizing fanaticism. Knowing nothing 
of his talents and statesmanship, wc have admired 
the beautiful consistency and unflinching justice 
that have marked his entire public career upon all 
questions involving the domestic institutions of the 
bouth; and we should feel pained that even one 
blot should be allowed to rest upon a public scr 
vant, to say the ieasi, so upright and fearless, 

"Lastly, we object to theso certifiratcs in that 
they have no reference (o the point in dispute, 
each referring to a sprerh of Mr. Pierce made in 
December, 1851, whereas the objectionable language 
is reported to have bi en used on the 2d Januorj/, 
1862. If the discrepancy was intentional, it is 
base fraud upon the country 
shows with wiiat recklessness 
nesses fly to the rescue ol their 



THE PIERCE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE 
SOUTH. 
The marked impression that has been pro- 
duced throughout the South by the develop- 
ment of General Pierce's home views on sla- 
very, and of the Freesoil proclivities of his 
New Hampshire associates and apologists, ful- 
ly explain the unreasoning rage which now 
distinguishes the columns of our Democratic 
contemporaries. The General's triends have 
all along assumed that his chief strength is to 
be found in the South 'and West ; North and 
East being confessedly more precarious ground. 
A few weeks have sufficed to change the as- 
pect of things, and to demonstrate the vanity 
of Democratic boastings, based upon no better 
foundation than the chances of popular forget- 
fulness. The West refuses to ratify Judge 
Douglas's promise, and repudiates a can 
didate who never neglected an opportuni- 
ty of voting against western interests. The 
South, too, has been roused from its partial 
lull by the revelations of the last few days. It 
is now seen that General Pierce is not the 
eminently conservative politician which he was 
at one time supposed to be — that his reported 
sentiments fully entitle him to cordial fellow- 
ship with the Van Bitrens, Preston Kings, 
Rantouls and Atwoods — and that his near- 
est and oldest allies have been uniformly hos- 
tile to the South. The South regards the dis- 
covery as evidence of a trick, designed to 
cheat it into the support of one nominated 
under circumstances that were at least suspi- 
cious; and every day's mails now bring proofs 
of the revulsion of feeling that is rapidly tak- 
ing place. 

The anger of the Democratic press is, then, 
perfectly intelligible. It is the only form in 
which the mortification occasioned by the bat- 
fling of a deep-laid scheme can find vent. 

Alluding to the insufficiency of the vague 
and abusive denials with which Southern De- 
mocratic writers — following the cue set by their 
metropolitan leader — hope to counteract the ef- 
fects of recorded facts, the Nashville (Tenn.) 
Republican Banner remarks: 

"It won't do. They will have to get rid of these 
speeches of General Pierce in some other way. 
They are telling like grape-shot at the bailie of Buena 
Vista. They must be disproved, or General 
Pierce's ranks will soon be terribly thinned. Not 
that they show him to be an abolitionist, but that 
they show him to be very different from what be 
had been represented in the South— a man cher- 
ishing feelings and osntimcnts tit his heart which, 
when it in remembered that he was a.?ked if he 
would veto the Fugitive Slave law, andwas silent— 
when it is remembered that he was the only one 
of the distinguished Democrats to whom the ques- 
tion was put who did not answer or had not an- 
swered the question— when it is remembered that 
all those who answered were promptly killed off, 
before scarcely thought if by the people, was 
, and is now supported by all the long 



if inadv 



iliing wi 



nominated 
train of Abolit 



Fteesoil leaders u-e have 
named In the North— ve say, they show him to be a 
man cherishing sentiments which, when these 
things are remembered, may justly be regarded 
with distrust should ever a crisis come when fa- 
natical excitement in the North shall Ihreaien to 
sweep away the Fugitive Slave |aw." 



GNAL. 



"THAT LETTER" AGAIN, 
We perceive, from the report of a speech 
made by the Hon. Mr. Beli,, of Ohio, in the 
the '20th insta 



House of Representatives, 



Ho 



the following colloquy took place in the 



"Mr. Bell. I wish to propound a Biiiffle oura- 
Pol"k ^ "^L T't^'" '"^"^ ^"'"' Tennessee, (Mr. 
ItT.hi. Wh H ^"^P^P"""""'' ""<' on h,; part. 

M,' Sr-n r „r o- .. °' ■ """ nnswer the letter of 
Mk Scott, of Richmond; or whether, if he did 
-in the gentleman tell us what the 



that no Prepident 
grounds of expediency 



answer was.^ 

"Mr. Polk. 
cepting- the no 

letter. 



Mr. Pierce has, in his letter 
aination of the Baltimore Conv 
the questions contained in I 



Mr._ Bell. That does not 

to know whether he answered' Mr. 



Scott's letter directly. 

, "Mr Polk. He did not answer it directlv be 
cause General Pierce had previously announced 
that he was not a candidate for the nomination tc 
the Presidency, and, therefore, felt himself under 

""."^'^"i'"" '" '?*"■ "• I "«n for tlie Presidency to aive a-fike pledf^e " 

^;;Mr. Bell. Then he did not answer it, did Well, where is the pledge" Mr. Po^ 0^,^68 

"' z- ^ w^eiri-r^f '-f -^ -^--- \^ - p-S' '" '"'"" *' " '" ^""" ''''' '' 

mr. BELL. Well, it 18 fair to presume, if he' ^ 



nf Represenla.ives, in which, in rather a boast 
tui and confident manner, he said: 

"In reference to the doctri 
should veto any bill 

Zl^^t ''',«„?'"""<■;"=>'> from Ohio (Mr.'campbelf)' 
says IS inng doctrine, I have to say that such is no/, 
nor never has been. Democratic doctrine; nor was 
It the doctrine or practice of Washington; and even 
M»; rK-'*"''.","' ■' ''"' ^« '^'=1' remembered, 
pledged h.mselfto veto any act of Congress abol! 
Pd^fri'?™'^ '!"■,""' °'?'™'' '"""ff" hi acknow. 
flfi „ ^L ^»n«'''""°",''lP''«'" *° 'i" so- So, also, 
nlTi n.^.T^"'^ n P'"^"^?* ^"y nominee of the 
tn^ V ^ , i'^j'^"""'"'""' f" "le Presidency 
nffhlvl r P >^^^ ^^'° " '■^P^'*' °'"- mo-dification 
tfnn r„„^^""',^m' T^'^'^' ''"'^^'^' ^"<=h modifica- 
tion (not at all likely to happen) should prove 
necessary to lis more effectual execution, and be 
generally demanded by the Sooth itself. In short, 
any Democratic nominee will unhesitatingly 
pledge himself to discountenance, and if necessa- 
•y veto, any attempt to modify the TugiMve Steve 
aw, in accordance with the views and demands of 
hose who are aiming to effect that end." 

Mr Polk was then "authorized to pledge 
ny tiommeenf the next Democratic Conven 



san zeal has led them to deny lahal Ihei, knoie to be 
r»e. If IS too lale in the day to defr„ud the pub- 
lic by false statements about this mat'cr Of the 
entire accuracy of the report published in the Man- 
chester /)mocro( on the 8th of January, we can 
fully satisfy any candid man. North or South." 

In another paragraph the Democrat no- 
tices the manoeuvres that are on foot to bolster 
up the very lame apology presented by Gen - 
'riends: 



al PjERCE'f 



" The publication in some 
pers of the speech of General 
ton last January, has caused 
in that f---- 



Ihc letter, the s-endi 



Soot 



old have ^' '^ ■'■■»'<' 'hat a shrewd Freesoiler remarked 
■ Mr ivi„.„„ T ■ I, . • , r° "''"^'^' "'^KCE, "Frank, don't vou be such 

to this etfect : that when the letter of M?' ■,, ^"^""^ '" ^^""^ """ ""he Genera! was not 

'""Willing to profit by the hint. 



tt arrived at Concord, New Hampshire, Ger 
r^:'^LT^!t^'ll[•J'l''''li''"S in some of I 



.absence nis partner undertook 
that reply, I understand, he sa 
ce was from home, and thcrefoi 
letter personally, and (hat 



. and 
to reply ; and i 
that General Pi 
could not answer th 
fae were at homo. General Pi 

f H-^'.IhT ""^ P'-"ldency, would' hardly' feeFhTm' 
self under any obligation to answer questions of 
that sort That was just before the convention 
met. The convention, when it did meet, nomT 
ary to_ his expectation. 



naied General Pierce, 

and ill his letter of acceptance euUicienlly commit- 
ted I'lmeelf to all the questions which had been 
propounded to the other candidates for the Presi- 



dency 

Here is a piece of 
part of General Piercb's friends as we have 
e^ver seen in a public man. Mr. Polk evaded 
the question by saying that Mr. Pierce's let- 
ter aeeepiing the nomination was an answer' 
But in that letter Mr. Pierce says nothino- of 
the veto, or the pledge to use it, if necessary 
to sustain the^Fugitive Slave law. Mr. Polk's 
embarrassment led Mr. Meade to advance to 
the rescue, with what success the reader can 
judge. General Pierce— Mr. Meade avers— 
wasabsent, and his partner undertook to 
ply! Well, where is the reply of the "und 
laker?" If it cannot be produced, perhaps 
Mr. Meade will inform us of the contents. Ii 
IS evident, however, that General Pierce is 
not always from home "practisinir in some of 
the courts;" and we want to know why, on 
coming home, he did not answer a question 
which must certainly be regarded as of 
more than gossiping value. But, forsooth Mr 
Pierce was not a candidate! Was he not as 
much a candidate as some of the 
whom Captain Scott catechised? Wei 
all candidates, all assuming men, and was 
Pierce, the modest general, ihc only man 
catechised that was not presumpto:-3? 

At any rate, it was the duty of General 
Pierce to answer his friends after he was 
nominated. He has, however, deemed it more 
prudent to dodge the question, nnd in so doino- 
he has doubtless acted on the advice of his 
Wends of the Byenin- PnsL together with 
Rantoul, Cleveland, Norris, Hibbard 
Peaslee, Flovd, and Preston King. 

On the 8th of April, more than si\ weeks 
before the meeting of the Democratic Conven- 
tion, Mr. Polk made 



the 



THE PIERCE DENIAL. 
We have already published a letter froi 
ed itor of the Manchester (N. H.) Democrat 
tradicting the main point raised by the Union's 
defence of General Pierce, and e.x-plaioino- the 
circumstances under v/hich the General uttered 
his memorable anti-slavery and anti-Fugitive 
Slave law declaration. The last number of 
the Democrat, since received, refers to the sub- 
ject in the following remarks, which reaffirm 
the entire accuracy of the original report. Th( 
artful dodging on the M^^Wence we have already published leaves lit 
'^'"' ' tie room for doubt upon that head : 

"Moaes Norris, Harry Hibbard, and C H Pes 



nf the southern pa- 
Pierce at New Bos- 
„ .,^ 10 little excitement 

Southern men, of all others, have 
profound contempt (or hypocritical politicians 
" "■ immediately sent on by ihe • faith- 
hmgton, that something must be got 
:ract the eff-^cts of this fatal develop- 
--_... at the South. Accordingly runners were 
last week searching every nook and corner of New 
soTo^a^m X™"i'y'o drum up signers to some 
sort ot a manifesto which they hope will hush up 
the affair. They will find it a usele.-s task to at- 
tempt to conceal well-aulhenticated truths and 
which^for months were admitted to be such bv 
themselves." -' 



Orde 



up toe 



thers 
they 



ee are out in a letter, published in the Washing- 
on l/mon last week, declaring the report pub - 
ished in the Manchester Democrat ot General 
lerco's speech 'made at New Boston. New Hamp- 
hire, in December last,' to be utterly false. As these 
k-orthies made a statement about which Ihey know 
.oth.ng, and therefore had no right to express any 
pinion, we shall so far enligh.en ^/,™ as to say 
hat Genera; Pierce made no speech at A^ew Boston 
isl December, and that we arc not in the habit ot 
.cporting speeches which were never made. 

"But to show how polilioal gamesters of a 
smaller fry, in their an.xiety to get a chance at 
the pap, stand readv to give utterance to anv 
lalschood that will subserve their purposes, we in- 
form our readers that B. F. Ayer and J. M. Camp- 
bell have each wriKcn a letter, which anpears in 
the Washington Union of the same date, and 
in which they state that the 'repirt in the Man- 
chester /^mocrai of a speech made by General 
Pierce /a»«i)ecem6er at New Boston,' is a -tissue of 
falsehoods from beginning to end.' Now we ao-ain 
ay thai we have uul, and shall not, waste any 
■■""'"■' ■' ' l><.ii.:i.T speech But we do 



FACING THE DIFFICULTY. 

The Louisville Democrat escapes the tribu- 
lation which the Pierce developments inflict 
upon less courageous and straightforward jour 
nals of the same faith. Wisely considenno 
that the people are too shrewd to receive ge- 
neral denials from tainted quarters as answers 
to specific charges, and that a paper only in- 
jures its own character when it tries to cover 
facts with a huge load of abuse, the Demo- 
cra< faces the difficulty to learn its real charac- 
ter,;.and then falls prostrate that it may pass 
move ons course. Thus, while the Union is 
exhausting the dictionary in its search after 
epithets, to be bestowed upoa the alleged de- 
famers of General Pierce, the Democrat 
quietly admits the whole case against him, 
and then philosophically argues that good De' 
mocrats are bound to cast Pierce vot'es, whe- 
ther Pierce be sound or not. The Lotiisville 
Journal epitomizes its neighbor's views as fol- 
lows: 

"The editors of the Democrat, belt remembered, 
saythatitmakesno difference at all if the reporta 
of General Pierce's anti slavery epeecif by (he two 
Democratic papers in New Hamfislnro is true 
fhey say that it is none of Ihe Si.uth's business 
what he thinks about slaverv and the Fu-itive 
Slave law. Theysay that iheSou.h has no mSimer 
ol right to object to voting for him on -o-count of 
his proclaiming Ih.U slavery is a moral blot upon 
Uie character _ol the nation, .hat he abhor, it, that 
It, that the Fugitive Slave law 
--ityami moral right, that he 



say 1 



giving up ol 
"Yes, let il 
ately-uttererl 
crat, that, cv. 
beyond all 
doubt, to em. 

the Fugitive ; 
the slightest c 
long as Genei 
thore platforn 
Th- 



.'hocked I 



id the . 



the 



ulhern 



appear 



danation of the duplicity of General Pierce in 
ingjin^his letter of acceptance that he believed 



by any one oo( 
ton paper led 

planation of the 
sayi 

Id 'safety say that there had been rio'"toord 
orpctofhislife' in conflict with the Compromise 
platform. At the time of the publication of our 
report last January, neither the New Hamnshire 
Patriot. Union, nor any other paper qoesirn'ed ils 
entire n-habdily, but in»n of all parties who were 
present spoke ol it as a most faithful and accurate 
report, il iho two above-named persons were both 
present during General Pierce's speech, they must 



,,, ^ , „ iieiit will not be satislV.frlory ex- 

t''n in'T/mnr V""; ' "''^'^ '" '''"'^'' "^'^^ '^-''"^ ^"^'l^ '" 'action as the 
• i'los"- par.amount Item in the range of dutie.«i; but it 
avoids infinite trouble, and is quite as conciu- 



■ was d^''"'' 
a Wa.shing'- 



A Democrat 



yesterday offered to be 



a speech in the Housp tt;Vtre^^Vere''n'd\t iTg^^t o "fhifr ^art I 



dred dollars that there w'as'notVuth" in"the'rrttc"lea 
copied froni the New Hampshire papers respect! 

?? *!?,'? '^J,- ^^"<°"^0 who shall decide.!"' 

?hJ^Z, 'I I '•'"'!' ,"■'"' ^"•■""d-" "Well, (said 
the Whig,) I will leave it to the officers of the 
meeting whoever they be." "No, (rejoined Ihe 
Democrat ) I wouldn't believe anybody in the 
world! Ihat 8 a specimen of a saving faiih. 

[Kw/imonrf fVlitg. 



THE SIGNAL 



93 



WHIG CONVENTION IN FLORIDA. 

The Whig Conveiilion of the State of Florida, 
we learn from the Sentinel, met at Tallahassee on 
the Hlh ult„ and org^anized hy (he appointment 
of the Hon. R. K. Call as President; Major L. C. 
Gaines, of Marion, and Hon. Thomas M. White, 
of Jackson, 03 Vice Presidents; and L. I. Fleming, 
esq., of Jofferson, and Columbus Dkew, esq., of 
Duval, as Secretaries. Delegates and proxies were 
in attendance from Santa Rosa, Jackson, Gadsden, 
T.eon, Wakulla, Jefferson, Madison, Hamilton, 
Columbia, Duval, Alachua, Marion, and St. John's 
counties. 

Two of the delegates to tho Baltimore Conven- 
tion being present— Col. George T. Ward and Col. 
James W. Baker — an invitation was extended to 
them to address the convention. 

Colonel Ward accordingly addressed the con- 
vention, giving a statement of the.course of action 
of the southern delegates to Baltimore, and the 
adoption of the platlorm of resolutions by the Na- 



the great 

thesuppo, 
by these v 



t of the 
to Bal 
of resolul 
Convention almost in the ident; 
recommelidvd by them. Also the result of the 
onvenlion, in the nomina- 
LD Scott, and the accept- 
by that distinguished citi 
the platform as expressed 



.illulii 



thee 



at Baltimore, be 
being called, the 



ratified by the State Convention 

Upon this motion, the counti( 
following w»i the result: 

For Ratification— Sania Roea, 2; Jackson, 4; 
Leon, 6; Wakulla, 2; Jefferson, 4; Madison, 3. 
Hamilton, 2; Cjlumbia, 3; Alachua, 2; Duval, 3; 
St John's, 2; Marion, 2—34. 

jlgainst Ratification— Ga.dBdcn—&. 

Colonel Gkobok T. Ward was then by acjlaraa- 
tion nominated lor the olEce of G"overnor, and the 
Hon. E C Cabbll unanimously for tha,'4 of Repre- 

The convention having adj&urn'^d, reassentjbled 
on the 15fh, when Colonel J. P. '>Sasdekson, Hon. 
Thomas Randall, and Hon. j. J. Finlev were 
chosen as Presidential electo.fs. 

The following rceoluliovia were adopted : 
Resolved, That in ro,,ifying the nominations of 
the National VVhig Cr-,nvention, which convened at 
Baltimore on the 16'>, ot June laet, it does so with 
lull -assurance of an unqualified conTiction that 
the candidates no /ninalcd by that convention stand 
pledged toadhr,,e to all of the cardinal principles 
that dislingu' .,(, the VVhig party, but above all, to 
support and enforce in all their parts the measures 
known as '^nc Compromise ineaeuies, and the Fu- 
gitive Slr^ve law. 

Riso'Mcd, That the platform of the National 
Whig Convention was conceived in a spirit of 
fidelity to ttie Whig party, and to the integrity of 
the Union and the Constitution, and this conven- 
tion accepts and adopts that platform as a iiiauiy 
and eloquent declaration of essential principles,, 
upon which all of its candidates must stand. 

Subsequently the Ho^n. G. T. Ward arose, and 
ulated to the convention that he had but 
moment received information of bis i 
as candidate for the office of Governor oi 
noon of yesterday; and from facts ' 
come to his knowledge this morning, reluctant as 
was the course he was about to take, he felt com- 
pelled to decline the nomination. The desire of 
the convention being strongly expressed that 
Major Ward should not decline the nomination 
tendered him, that gentleman, upon a further con- 
sideration of the subject, declared his acceptance 
of the nomination for Governor, and his intention 
to engage manfully in the contest the VVhig party 
were about to carry 

The following resolution was then presented by 
the Hon. Thomas Randall, and unanimously 
adopted: 

Resolved, That, in the nominations made by this 
convention, it was governed by great national and 
State Whig principles, rcgardlecs of individual 
preferences, with a knowledge that temporary dif- 



parly would ultimately receive 
13 nominees; that. still inllucncod 
s convention perceives with plea 
imioce lor Governor 
Major Geokqe T. Ward, on reconsideration, has 
withdrawn his tendered resignation. 

Major Ward took occasion to mention the cir- 
cumstance to the convention, that during his late 
visit to Baltimore he bad the privilege of an inter- 
view with the patriot Heney Clay, who was then 
slowly sinking into the sleep of dcaU), and that 
this distinguished man, whom the country now 
mourns, gave among his last expressions his testi- 
mony to the integrity, patriotism, and virtue ol 
Winpield Scott. 

At the close of Major Ward's remarks,' Mr. C. 
Drew offered the following resolutions; to which 
the unanimous consent of the convention was sig- 
nified by the members all rising. 

Resolved, That this convention 'cannot adjourn 
without uttering its voice of lamentation for the 
death of Henry Clay. 

Resolved, That while in the death of tho great 
u, patriot and oiator, we mourn the de- 
parture of genius ai.<d iiilellect, we lament still 
more the closing of a long life of noble, courageous 
and disinterested service to his country, of un- 
yielding devotion when his country was imperilled 
in the perils of foreign war, of self-denying sacri- 
fice in the hour of civil oommotion, and of untir- 
ing usefulness in the time of tranquillity. 

Col. C. A. JIitchell then offered the following, 
which was adopted: 

Resjohed, That the thanks of the convention be 
tenijured to the veteran and well-tried champion 
of Whig principles. Governor R. K. Call, for the 
fiignity, efficiency, and impartiality with which he 
has discharged the duties of chairman of this con- 
1 vention, and alsj? to the other officers of the body 
I for the faithful discharge of duties. 

Addresses were made to the convention, in the 

course of its session, by Colonel C. A. Mitchell, 

Colonel J. P. Sanderson, and others, which called 

from the convention 



statesn 



forth enthus 
and the aud 
The busin 
a close, on i 
tlequent clo 


iastic app 
tory prese 
CSS of thee 
lotion, it a 
ing addreo 



jnvention being brought to 
djourned sine die, after 
s from the President. 



a very late 

1 the after, 
vbich had 



existed. 



der a full conviction that tht 



and 
ardiua 



consid 

of 



OHIO WHIG CONVENTION. 

The Whig Convention of the State of Ohio assem 
bled at Columbus on the 21ot ult., and was or- 
ganized by the appointment of Hiram Griswold, 
of Cuyahoga county, as president; tv.renty-one vice 
presidents, one from each Congressional district; 
and N. W. Goodhue, W. T. Bascom, J.-H. Baker, 
H. A. Gill, W.J. Morgan, J. Q. Gibson, R. M. 
Briggs, as secretaries. 

The following resolutions were unanimously 
adopted: 

"Resolved, That we cordially approve of the 
nomination of Winfield Scott and W. A. Gra- 
ham (■" President and Vice President, and pledge 
to the Wbige of the Union our best efforts to secure 
their election. 

'•Resolved, That the distinguished public services 
of General ScoTT, rendered with unvarying suc- 
cess, give ample guarantee that the interest and 
rights of every section of this great Republic will 
be protected, preserved, and promoted while he 
holds the helm of State. 

"Resolved, That the Whigs of Ohio tender their 
friends in other Slates that ihey enter the canvass 
united in the great principles which distinguish 
the Whig party, with an abiding confidence that 
under the veteran chief who has so often led our 
countrymen to victory, Ohio will contribute by 
her vote to obtain a gieat and beneficent civic 

"Resolved, That the Board of Public Works of 
the State of Ohio, for its gross and audacious as 
sumption of power, and its reckless administration 
of that br.THch of the public service, deserves the 
condemnation of all good citizens. 

"RtaolveU, That we unite in denouncing the 
doings of the majority of the last Legislature, ae 
lurnishing evidence that the policy ot the Locofoco 
party is still, as it always has been, hostile to 
beat interests of the Stat;:." 

After the nomination of candidates for the office 
of Board of Public Works aud Supreme Judge, 
Presidential electors were chosen, as follows: 



Senatorial Elictors.—E. D. Mansfield and Wil- 

im Dennison. 

District Electors — Ist, Chas. Anderson, Hartiil- 

n county. 2d, James Scott, Harrison. 3d, T. J. 
Harsh, Preble. 4th, J. W. Defrees. Miami 5th, 
Scegur, Lucas. 6th, H. L. Penn, Brown. 
7th, John M. Williams. 8lh, Wm. Lawrence, 
Lugan. 9th, S. Birchard, Sandusky. lOih, J. L 
V«n Metre, Pike. 11th, W. E. Finck, Perry. 
I2lh, J. R. Stanbery, Licking. 13th, John Sher- . 
man, Richland. Ulh, S. Orr, Wayne. 15tli, A. 
B. Norton, Knox. 16th, Alex. Lewis. 17th, R. 
B.Moore. 18th, V. R. Humphrey, Summit. 19th, 
W. L. Perkins, Lake. 20th, S C. Clark, Mahon- 
ing. 21st, J. A. Bingham, Harrison. 

The State Central Committee is composed of the 
foUoying members: A. F. Perry, Robert Niel, 
Joseph flidgway, Lewis Heyl, William Dcnnison, 
f Columbus; J. D. Caldwell, of Cincinnati; John 
Mills, of Dayton; Edward Ball, of Muskingum; 
and L. Dewey, of Portage. 

After votes of thanks for the hall, to the officers, 
&c., the convention adjourned, with three checru 
for Scott. 

ILLINOIS WHIG CONVENTION. 

The Whig Convention of Illinois met at Spring- 
field, in that State, on the 7lh ult., and organ- 
ized by appointing O. H. Brownino president, 

th nine vice presidents and three secretaries. 

J he lollowing names were reported as a State 
Central Committee : 

John T. Stuart, Sangamon, Chairman; R. L. 
Wilson, Cook; Simeon Francis, Sangamon ; T. J. 
Pickett, Peoria; William Jayne, Sangamon; Jo- 
seph G. Bowman, Lawrence; R. J. Cross, Winne- 
bago. 

William Bcbb, of Winnebago county, and Jo- 
seph Gillespie, of Madison county, were duly 
elected as delegates (or the Slate at large, and the 
following as District Electors, aa presented by the 
delegates for each respectively : 

1st District, C. M. Willard, of McHenry. 2d. 
A. C. Gi'Dson, of Kane. 3d, Leonard Swett, of 
De Witt. 4(h, E. A. Paine, of Warren. 5lh, R. 
S. Blackwell, of Schuyler. 6th, J. A. Chestnut, 
of Macoupin 71h, R. J. Oglesby, ot ttlacon. 
Sth, Benjamin Bond, oI Clinton. 9th, H. 8. Mont- 
gomery, of Franklin. 

The following resolutions were subsequently 
adopted: 

"Resolvnd, That the nomination of General Win- 
field Scott lor President and William' ."V. Gra- 
ham for Vice President of the United States, meets 
our hearty approbation; and the thanks of this con- 
vention are due for the patriotic exertions of those 
delegates who, in conformity with the wishes of 
the people, cast the vote of the State in the B.alli 
more Convention for General Winfield Scott, 
the first choice of the Whigs of Illinois. 

"iiesoiocd. That this convention heartily approve, 
and will energetically support, the platlorm adopt, 
ed by the I - ■■• ■ - 



pledge theiiiE 
Whig party i 
orable means 



vcs to each other, and to the great 
the State, that they will use all hon- 
I elect the candidates nominated by 



entio 



"Resolved, 'I'hat this convention, in conjunction 
with the nation, and the friends of liberty through- 
out the world, deeply lament and mourn the death 
of freedom's greatest champion, Henry Clay." 

[In profound silence, the above resolution was 
passed^, by each member rising in his place.] 

"Resolved, That we recommi nd to the liberal 
support of the Whigs of Illinois the various Whig 
papers of the State, and urge tho liberal distribu- 
tion of the regular and campaign papers throughout 
the State to.the end of the war." 

The convention adjourned with three hearty 
cheers for Scott, Graham, and the State Tickzt' 



Illinois.— The Whig State Convention of IMi 
nois met on the 7th ult. The Slate nomina- 
tions have already been reported by telegraph. 
The electors chosen by the convention are as 
follows: 

At Large. —Joseph Gillespie, of Madison county, 
and William Bebb, of Winneb go. 

District Electors.— Firal district, Charles M. 
Willard, of McHenry; second district, A. C. Gib- 
son, of Kane; third district, Leonard Sweat, of Ue 
Wilt; fourth district, Eleazer A. Paine, of War- 



94 



THE SIGNAL 



ren; fifth district, Robert S. Blackwell, of Schuy- 
ler; sixth district, John A. Chester, of IVIacou- 
pin; seventh district, Richard J. Oglesbee, of 
Macon; eighth district, Benjamin Bond, of Clin 
ton; ninth" disirict, Hugh B. Montgomery, of 
Clinton. 

Among- the reaolutions adopted were the fol- 

Resolved, That the nomination of General Win- 
field Scott for President, and William A: Gra. 
HAM for Vice President of the United States, 
meets our hearty approbation : and the thanks of 

of those delegates who, in conlurijiily with the 
wishes of the people, rast the vo(.- ul the Slate, in 
the Baltimore Convention, for General Winlield 
Scott, the first choice of the Whigs of Illinois. 

Resolved, That the members of this convention 
pledge themselves to each other, and to the great 
Whig party of the State, that they will use all hon- 
orable means to elect the candidates nominated 
by the convention. 

Resolved, That we recommend to the liberal sup- 
port of the Whigs of Illinois the various Whig pa- 
pers of the State, and urge the liberal distribution 
of regular and campaign papers throughout the 



ndoft 



Second Disteict of Iowa.— At a Whig Con- 
vention recently held at Muscatine, Iowa, M. 
D. Browning, of Des Moines, was chosen presi- 
dent, and Thomas Crew, of Clinton, and H O'Con- 
nor, of Muscatine, secretaries. The following 
resolutions were adopted : 

" Resolved, That this convention heartily ap- 
prove of the resolutions adopted by ihe State 
Whig Convention held at Iowa City in February 
last, and we hereby pledge ourselves to use all fair 
and honorable means t<j elect to our State Legis- 
lature men who will use their endeavors to carry 
out the principles embodied in said resolutions. 

"Resolved, That this convention heartily and 
cordially approve of the nominations by the Whig 
National Convention for President and Vice Presi- 
dent of the United Slates; that we recognise in 
Winlield Scott and William A. Graham the char- 
acter of tried Whigs, able statesmen, and pure 
patriots; and we pledge ourselves to battle to Ihe 
last under their lead, and to use all fair and hon- 
orable means to ensure a National Whig victory. 

"Resolved, That we heartily approve of the nom- 
ination of John P. Cook, esq., as the Whig candi- 
date for Congress in the second Congfressional 
district, and that we will render him a hearty and 
cordial support. 

"Resolved, That in the recent calamity that has 
befallen our country in the decease of the eminent 
•tatesman and pure Whig, Henry Clay, we feel 
that our nation has met with an .irrrpaiable lose; 
his long and devoted life has been spent in the in- 
terests of his country; his memory should ever be 
cherished and held dear to the hearts of the pre- 
sent and coming generations." 

^nitiuan on Seott. 

The Whig press are circulating a report staling 
that General Quitman supports Scolt for the 
Presidency. This tale is a fabrication of Ihe enemy, 
tolally devoid of truth.— fc/insj(J«a»ita>t. % 

The untruth is to be found in tiie Democratic 
version of Whig report, nut in the repurl^as 
circulated through Whig cliannels. 

It has not bee'n asserted by any Whig jour- 
nal that General Quitman supports General 
Scott, in the sense which the Penmylcaman 
chooses to adopt. But it is asserted without 
contradiction that General Quitman, while 
supporting Pierce, has done justice to the 
ability and character of General Scott, and to 
his fidelity to the Constitution and the country 
on the exciting question which has "of late 
agitated it. 

We repeal the opinion e.xpressed by the 
Southern Rights Democrat in relation to the 
Whig candidate. Let the Pennsijlvaidan deny 
the accuracy of this report if it can : 

•' I know the man, and he will be controlled by 
no one contrary to his own convictions of what is 
right. And as to his being true to the South, I 
consider him the most unexceptionable man, on 
that score, among all the Whigs who have been 
named in connexion with the Presidency. I am a 
Democrat, and consequently differing widely, as I 
do, from General Scolt, on every political question, 
can never give him my support ; but if there is a 
Whig in the Union for whom, under any circum- 
stances, I would cast my vote for President, that 
Whig is Winfield Scott ! " 



From the Snndtisky (Ohio) Rrgiiter. 
IRISHIMEN AND THE RELIGIOUS TEST, 
The following letter epcaks for itself in relation 
to the 



The fact th:. 
Ily pursued I 



:o array one class ag.ninst another, 
political onpon»nI6 have habitu- 
afford no 



subject which it treats. It was written by\ZZnZTf,^'T 1' I"'"' "m ''^ "'^""^ 

elligint Irish Catholic of Rochester, who, it jhe rX n ., 1 .^^ ,' ' f "'7''' '''•"" 

, i3 no longer to be "duped by the blarney" "^Jf|P°"'''tf , ' a political c«nipaj«n 

n„/ n<„v, ;„ C.„./ tt.,i„„. .i,„ '» we" known that our predilections favor the F 



)ke 



seems, 

of the so-called Democratic "party. Unless the | ,„_,.,„, c,:,,, r ,, „„ ' r, , ■ , ■ 

signs of the limes are mistaken much, there are I '^^'^"' "^t"''-,,! fnever .eeL"' '"" ^'■^'^r'• '" "' 
mnrp of the onmp «,rt • I '''^°'^' ^^ '^''"'-' "^^^ ^^® ^"^ wttrraM for its pro- 

moreot the same sort. pagation in any other way than by appeals to the 

To the Editors of the Rochester Daily American: [judgment and conscience. And the appeal is marie, 

Gents: I perceive that strenuous efforts are j not to Irishmen or to Catholics, alone, but to all 
making to secure the Irish vote for the next Presi- i lovers of true religious liberty, of whatever name 
dential election. or class, to put their seal of condemnation upon 

I can assure you that the great body of the Irish | any man who is put forw.ird for their suffrages as 
adopted citizens will be no longer duped by ihe ihe especial candidate of those who favor ils cur- 
blarney of the Democratic party. The Deniocraiic ' tailment in such an essential particular, as to estab- 
faction is the faction of lawless unconstilulional ■ lish or maintain a reli_i;ious te.-t of fitness for office, 
movements— its objects are to destroy, if pos.-iible, We would tatte every suitable opuorUinity to de- 
Ihe internal improvements of the country; it is un- nounce it and all who favor it, as a measure in di- 
reasonable, revolutionary; it holds thai government reel conliict with the fundamenlnl principles of the 



Declai-i 



iniqui- 



best which governs the least; from which it fol- 
lows that the best governmeul would be no govern- 
ment; and it aims at securing to every man the 
right to do wrong, whenever, wherever, and how- 
ever he may choose. 

Franklin Pierce is now the candidate put for- j The present political campaign affords a good 
ward by the Democracy for the Presidency of the opportunity to strike a blow for the vindication of 



on of Independence ; unjust and 
toua in itself, and as an engine which may some 
day — the principle being once admitted — be turned 
upon the Protestants themselves. 



Union. He is a native of New Hampsh 
the Constitution of which Stale Catholics are not 
eligible for Stale officers. In Pierce's State, ob- 
that a Catholic is not ijualijied to be a Gov- 
ernor, Lieutenant Governor, Jadge of the State 
Courts, or to hold any office under the control of 
the Stale, nor, I believe, in the Legislature. Eng- 
land is no more on enemy to the Cadiolic popula- 
tion of Ireland, than the Slate of New Hampshire 
is to the Catholic citizens of ihe United Stales. 

That State has a religious test on her statute 
book, excluding me and every oUier Catholic from 
the exercise of our rights as American citizens ; 
and England, with her Bequest, Titles, Maynooth, 
and other bills, intended to check the growth of 
our religion, with all her moral depravity and per- 
secuting propensity, has none worse against us. 

But I am determined, as a Catholic and as a citi- 
zen of these United Stales, not to sustain, either by 
my vole or influence, any man jiut forward by that 
Slate for public favors, as long as she holds Hiat 
infamous act on her statute book, and thus attempts 
to degrade four mUlions of American citizens below 
all other classes because of their religion, 
I remain your.?, very truly, 

WILLIAM DUNN. 

Rochester, July 19, 1859. 

A few reflections are suggesled by the perusal of [ weak, 
the above. It is true that the Irish Catholics have ] lignity, 
for a long time been ardently attached to the party 
professing exclusive Democracy. And thi 
surpris'ing. Compelled to leave their naii 
to escape the oppression of the Engli.sh la 
evil effects of which appear in the 
neighborhoods, and once fertile but 



in thbhj Statr 



edon 



af Ihc Union, by repodiatins 

f the oJifj; Slale which continu 

trample it under foot by a Constitutional test. 



! sacred 
ing the 



From.lhe Troy {M Y.) Daily Whig. 

GENERAL SCOTT'S GOODNESS OF 

HEART. 

The reader of Mansfield's life of Scott finds in 
that work abundant evidence of the Old Hero's no- 
ble, self-sacrificing disposition. Take, fortxample, 
Ihe record of his conduct when, on his passage from 
Buffalo to Chicago, in July, 183i2, with a force of 
nearly one thou.sand troops, destined for the scene 
of the Black Hawk war, the Asiatic cholera sud- 
denly broke out in their midst, and spread terror, 
suffering, and death around. The disease itself was 
then strange and unmanageable — it baffled the best 
skill of medical art and experience — it was the most 
frightful scourge in its manifeslalions and the rapid- 
ity of its course that Ihe world had ever seen; and 
to increase the panic that seized all minds at its ap- 
proach, the belief prevailed that it was propagated 
by contagion, or infected the air of its locality like 
""he bravest fled before it. Rich and 
■ong man and the 



lid dread 



a pestilence. 
I poor — old and young 
:re alike the Vic 
Men shunned c! 
ihe plague thrived in their comact — brother 
I abandoned brother — the parent his child, the wife 
land her husband; and the fell spirit of disease raged and 
, Ihc ! iidvanccd with a violence that overcame ihe strong- 
depopulated jest instincts of allection, and even the tenderestand 
■ -' ' ■' ' of nature. Who could 



fields which they leave behind 
of every kind, — the tendency 
the very extreme of liberty. This they are pro- 
mised in the ranks of (fte Democracy. It is palmed 
off upon the emigrant as the party of the " largest 
liberty." As men form their party attachment, so 
they are likely to retain them, until some glaring 
reason is shown for a disruption of the party tic. 
All experience demonstrates that when once that 
tie IS broken, the breach is not likely to be healed. 
So we apprehend it will be found m the cnsr. of 
many warm-hearled and impulsive Irishinpii, v. !■■. 
have hilherto follovved the fortunes of ihr- \'- , - 
racy. Some have been amused with the ■ 
forgetting that in politics names are noiln,, , ■ ,; 
principles every thing. Now that they arc o„;i. d 
on to vote for the avowed and influentii 
the party which, in New Hampshire, h 
lo ! these many years, refused to abrog: 
gious test,", intended to e.Kcludc themselves and 
their brethern of the Catholic faith from a partici- 
pation in those rights and privileges vouchsafed to 
other men, the scales begin to fall from their eyes. 
Some have already, like William Dhnn, deter- 
mined to support no man who hails from a State 
guilty of such intolerance, and especially from the 
party which perpetrates it. Others are inqu' 
into the facts, and will coim 



■ing t 



g oppression , face ils fearful, becau 

:n to rush to | theitfore, not lo be 

bold, so intrepid, us 

whose touch was de 

whose pestiferous bi 



upathi 



ts enseen, unknown, and, 
;onibalted power? Who so 
sland ' defiant of a monster 
.th, and within the reach of 
sath.none, it was thought, 



when the facts fire fully ascertained, 



There was a proud, a heroic instance of self de- 
votion exhibited by Winfield Scott, who, when the 
deck and cabin of his own boat were occupied with 
the de,:.d and the dying — when others were para- 
lyzed wiih fuar, and the medical science had failed 
lo nrr.'.'t the direful havoc, forgot his official rank, 

tl'irt, his safety, his life; took upon himself 

, I J. -Hied ollhcsof physician, nurse, and"friend; 
,. .,,iii undismayed amid the terrific scene; minis- 
liiinl uilh his own hand to the sick; encouraged the 
disconsolate, and cnntribuled, as far as he could, to 
alleviate the final sufferings of those who had pas- 
sed beyond the reach of human aid. An eye-wit- 
ness, whose siiualion made him in all respects disin- 
terested, says "ihat General Scott's conduct on the 
occasion should establish for him a reputation not 
inferior to that which he has earned in the battle- 
field; and should exhibit him not only as a warrior, 
but as a man — not only as the hero of battles, but 
as the hero of humanity." He adds, "that it was 
the commander's duty lo give the best general di- 
Ihe sameconclusioii I rections he could for proper attendance upon the 



leader of 
i steadily. 



sick, and for preventing the spread of the disease. 



THE SIGNAL. 



95 



W lien ho had done this, his duty wets perfoime:! , and 
ha might have left tlie rest to his medical oflicers. 
But such was not hits course. He thought he had 
other obligations to discharge; that his personal 
safety must be disregarded to visit the sick, to cheer 
tlie well, to encourage the attendants, to set an ex- 
ample to all, and to prevent a panic; in a word, to 
save the lives of others at the risk of his own. All 
this he did faithfully, and when he could have had 
no other motive ihan that of doing good. Here 
was no glory to be acquired; here were none of the 
excitements of the battle-field; here was no shame 
to be avoided, or disgrace to be feared, because his 
general arrangements and directions to those whose 
part it was to "battle with sickness had satisfied duty. 
His conduct then exhibited a trait in his character 
which made a strong impression on me, and which, 
in my opinion, justice required should not be over- 
looked." An Idea of the fierceness and fatality 
of the disease maybe formed when it is stated that 
in a few days it reduced a force of nine hundred 
and fifty men to four hundred. To General Scott's 
humane efforts authentic report attributes the fac 
that all who were with him were not destroyed; and 
the iiiagnanimily of liis conduct is greatly increased 
by the circumstance that he was himself ill at th 
time, feeble in body, and always, when near the 
sick, laboring under some of the symptoms of the 
disease, [t was to this noble exhibition of charac- 
ter that General Cass, then Secretary of War, re- 
ferred when he thus expressed himself in an official 
letter to Winfield Scott, after his return from the 
Black Hawk war: "Allow me to congratulate you, 
sir, upon the fortunate consummation of your ardu- 
ous duties, and to express my entire approbation 
of the whole course of your proceedings during a 
.series of difficulties requiring higher moral courage 
than the operations of an active campaign under 
ordinary circumstances." 

But this i.s not the only manifestation of General 
Scotfs self-denying philanthropy. It was conspicu- 
ously displayed in the pestilential climate of Mexi- 
co, where he mitigated, by his personal attendance 
and kindness, the sufierings of his men, and show- 
ed a readiness and ability to relieve them equadled 
only by the affection of a brother. In a recent 
speech of the honorable John C. Spencer, at Alba- 
ny, that gentleman makes the following eloquent 
allusion to an earlier example of the same generous 
spirit: 

" And who does not know how this gentleness 
and sympathy with his race have been exhibited, 
constaiitlv, daily, hourly, by General Scott, when 
in the field, in the camp, on the march, or in bar- 
racks ! The sick, the disabled, the wounded, the 
dying, among the troops he has commanded, were 
ever the peculiar objects of his most assiduous care. 
There is not a hamlet in our country but contains 
living witnesses who have received and repeat the 
testimony of their dead fathers and brothers. Par- 
don me for alluding to a personal instance, when, 
visiting a brother in 1814, who had been shot ir 
the battle of Niagara, and who was dying withir 
the British lines. The recollection of'the sympa- 
thy and the assistance of General Scott on that, and 
on another occasion still more trying, swells 
heart with emotions that would break it, if they 
could not find utterance, when ipeaking of th 
stitution of that man's nature. No, fellow-cilizens, 
the hardships and habits of military life, instead of 
indurating his heart, have but touched him with 
feeling of the infirmilies of our race, and have 
taught him the great duty of man in imitating the 
example of his Saviour. Such a man will bring 
into the administration of the Government neither 
reserve, pride, arrogance, nor stubborness." 

So much then for General Scott's goodness of 
heart. These instances of it are matters of history. 



e-iv with General Scott. 



[ Corropondeiic! of the Baltimore Palriot.'\ 

Old Point Comfort, July 29, 1852. 

1 arrived here safely, after a pleasant trip down 
the Cheaapeake in one of your excellent Baltimore 
steamers, and took up my temporary abode at the 
popular Hygeia Hotel. I found a large and bril- 
liant company assembled, and also observed at a 
glance that Itie hotel and iia whole neighborhood 
had undergone the most extensive improvements 
durioff the three years that have passed since my 
last visit-to Old Point. 

One of toy first inquiries, after reachingf my 



quarters, was for General Scott, who I learned hod 
-Iready been a guest here for several duya. J was 
nlurined that he was in hi# room, but that I would 
find no difficulty in gaining access to him il 1 dc- 
ired an interview. Although almost an entire 
trangcr, and in doubt whether I would be recog 
nised by (he General, 1 was still determined to 
and I accordingly sent my card, re- 
questing an interview at any hour convenient to 
him during the day. Answer was inslanlly re- 
turned by bis servant — a sprightly yellow boy of 
sixteen years of age — who at once ushered myeell 
and my friend into the presence of the distin- 
guished man. 

The General's reception hall was a small and 
plain bed-room, furnished with a common table, a 
single bed, washstand, rocking-chair and two 
other chairs, and a large travelling trunk. The 
great man was alone, and was seated at the table 
with a book in his hand, while the table itself was 
covered with books, papers and letters. Upon our 
entrance he immediately arose and shook hands 
with us in the most cordial manner, and resigning 
to me the old rocking-chair from which he bad 
arisen, was about to seat himself on the trunk; but 
this time I outgeneraled the old chief, and took 
position upon the trunk myself. 

I had frequently seen the General before, at in- 
tervals duritig the last ten years, but my friend 
yself both thought we had never seen him 
look so well as upon this occasion. His complexion 
looks more healthy, and his whole appearance 
freshness, and a vivacity, 1 may say, that 
never observed before. He was dressed in 
plain clothes, and wore crape upon his left arm in 
double mourning for the late distinguished dead — 
his friends— Henry Clay and General Roger Jones. 
My companion remarking to him that he had 
never seen him look so well, he told us that his 
general health had never been better than at this 
ne. Although he had been lately threatened 
th dysentery in an aggravated form, the inspi 
J sea-breezes and invigorating salt-water baths 
of Old Point had already nearly restored him 
He had been obliged to come here, instead of go 
ing to Niagara, as he had been urged to do, and 
had expected to enjoy (he restoring comforts of th 
place in quiet repose; but his friends had followed 
him, and their visits to him bad been almost as 
frequent as al the seat of Government. He re- 
marked that it was fortunate for him that his sick- 
ness had not so far prostrated him as to render 
him unable to see them, or to give some attention 
to their communications. By inquiry, we learned 
that he has lately received upon soine days as 
many as from eighty to above one hundred writ- 
ten communications, and a still greater number 
of newspapers and other printed matler, from all 
paTts of the country. He rises very early, and 
retires late, having accustomed himself (o do with 
but little sleep, and, being of the most industrious 
turn, accomplishes a vast deal in reading and 
writing, besides the wear and tear of reception 
and conversation. Although sixty six years of 
age, he is as active as most mcu of fiily, and takes 
his swimming bath while here daily in the broad 
Chesapeake. We were surprised, too, to sec him 
read, with apparent ease, and without spectacles, 
the contents of an enammelled card, written in 
lead pencil. His step seems as elaslic, and hi» 
form as erect, as when 1 first saw him, ten years 
ago. 

Neither my companion nor myself being a poli- 
tician, the conversation was but little directed to 
the incidents of the presidential canvass. The 
General seems to take the many hard things said 
by the politicians in the most admirable temper, 
and was quite tickled when J told him of a state- 
ment I liad observed in one of the papers, to the 
effect that the battle of Lundy's Lano had been 
fought end won before he had reached the ground. 
He spoke of the manner in which the partisans on 
both sides were now fighting the political battle 
and deprf rated the report to personalities that had 
been made by liicm, at the same time alluding 
the most respectful terms to General Pierce. 

In the course of our conversation, the difficulties 
growing out of the eastern fisheries were mcn- 
lioned. He explained to us briefly but satisfac- 
torily the true position of the question, and ex- 
pressed himself strongly in favor of affording the 
entire fishing interest the amplest protection that 
soimportanta trade demanded, and our own rights 
in the premise.? fully justified. He seems to have 
the fullest confidence that the present Administra- 
tion will settle the matter to the satisfaction of the 
country, without any danger of our being obliged 
to resort to a war to obtain a settlement. 

I donotknowwlietherthiscr minunication would 
be of interest to your readers or not, just as you 
think; but in my own mind I felt anxious to know 



how Gene 
platform. 



received then 



jld present himself to n 
the oceupant of a politic 
ould be his bearing ai 
1 my impretsions just as 
A Marylandee. 



LETTER FROM A MASSACHUSETTS 
WHIG. 

The withdrawal of Mr. S. Hooper, a well- 
known Boston Whig, from the Central Com- 
mittee of Massachusetts, has been dwell upon 
as proof of his unwillingness to sustain the no- 
minee of the National Convention, and as the 
forerunner of extensive defection from the 
Whig ranks in New England. Mr. Hooper 
corrects this misapprehension in the subjoined 
letter, which, while expressing his personal 
preferences for Mr. Webster, sets forth his 
intention to render support to General Scott: 
To the Editor of the Boston Courier: 

Sir: On returning home a few days since, after 
an absence of some weeks, for the first time since 
the Whig Convention at Baltimore, my attentinn 

16th instant, respecting my resignation as a mem- 
ber of the Whig State Central Committee. I am 
aware that my resignation, or the reasons for it, 
are unimportant; and I should have noinclination 
to refer to them so far as I alone am conci rned, 
but I feel it to be a duty to my associates on tliat 
committee, towards all of whom I entertain no 
sentiment but of respect and friendship, to correct 
the statement that the cause of my resignation was 
dissatisfaction with the committee or it's action. 

Towards the close of the session of the Legisla- 
ture of 1851, when the Whig State Central Com- 
mittee for the year was to be appointed, it was 
deemed expedient, in order to promote among the 
Whigs throughout the Commonwealth the har- 
mony which had existed among the Whigs of the 
Legislature during that exciting eessiuii, to ap- 
point four new members who were known to be 
friendly to the nomination of Mr. Webster for 
President, in addition to the five members at large 
e on the committee the previous year. I 
of the four additional members, and since 
1 have been on the committee its action has been 
uniformly, so far as it had any reference to il, fa- 
bje to the nomination of Mr. Webster by the 
onal Convention;* as evidence of it I would 
refer to the unanimous recommendation by the 
committee of Messrs. Everett, Asbmun, and 
Sprague, as the candidates for delegates at large 
to atlend the National Convention, who were 
known to